Wednesday 13 December 1944
It was Wednesday, under the sign of Sagittarius. The US president was Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democratic).
Famous people born on this day include Hwang Jang Lee and Hwang Jang-lee.
The Keys of the Kingdom, directed by John M. Stahl, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1944
But much more happened that day: find out below..
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- Roman festivals - Tellus was worshipped in the district Carinae at the Esquiline Hill, and a lectisternium or table was spread for Ceres.
- R.C. Saints - memorial of Saint Lucy
- Also see December 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
- In the Julian calendar before the Gregorian reform, this was the shortest day and longest night, and widely celebrated as such
- In the Irish calendar the Wednesday, Friday and Saturday following the Feast of Saint Lucy were observed as Quarter tense.
- Malta - Republic Day (since 1974)
- St. Lucia's Day in Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland.
- Hwang Jang Lee: Korean martial artist and film actor.
- Hwang Jang-lee: Japanese-South Korean martial artist and actor.
- Vassily Kandinsky: Abstract artist (Dreamy Inspiration), dies at 78.
- Wassily Kandinsky: Russian artist, an expressionist painter, who in the years immediately preceding World War I, completed an amazing transformation of art in a crucial period of 20th century culture, and made abstraction itself the subject of the painting.
- Lupe Velez: Mexican-American actress who, as a spitfire star of the '30s and '40s, was noted for her emotional and fiery temperament.
- Japanese kamikaze crashes into US cruiser Nashville, kills 138.
- Battle of Mindoro: United States, Australian and Philippine Commonwealth troops land in Mindoro Island, the Philippines.
- The Soviet government changes Turkish place names to Russian in the Crimea.
- US release of the film ''National Velvet'' which brings a young Elizabeth Taylor to stardom.
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