October 2008 calendar

October 2008
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Learn the most interesting events and historical facts that happened in October 2008.
The US president was George W. Bush (Republican), the UK Prime Minister was Gordon Brown (Labour), Pope Benedict XVI was leading the Catholic Church.

But much more happened on October 2008: find out below

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of October 2008?


Events

  • 01 Oct 2008 Russia's supreme court declares the imperial dynasty victims of political repression, marking the official rehabilitation of the house of Romanov. The decision overturns a lower court ruling that classified the killings as plain murder, and exonerates Emperor Nicholas II and his family of the alleged crimes the Bolshevik regime used to justify their killing. (Reuters)
  • 02 Oct 2008 The U.S. Senate votes 74-to-25 to endorse a revised US$700 billion bank bailout plan. It involves the Treasury buying bad loans from institutions. The plan, rejected by the House earlier, was revised to include a tax cut and extended federal protection for bank deposits.
  • 03 Oct 2008 The U.S. House of Representatives approves the modified US$700 billion bank bailout plan, voting 263 in favor, 171 against. President George Bush quickly signs the bill into law.
  • 04 Oct 2008 The Dow Jones Industrial Average drops below 10,000.
  • 05 Oct 2008 Animated TV series Star Wars: The Clone Wars debuts in the USA.
  • 06 Oct 2008 Another earthquake of magnitude 6.4, with two magnitude-5 aftershocks, hits Damxung, Tibet, People's Republic of China, with conflicting casualty reports anywhere from 9 to 30 deaths. (USGS) (CNN)
  • 07 Oct 2008 New York stocks drop for a fifth straight day, resulting in the Dow Jones Industrial Average's biggest five-day point loss ever, more than 1400 points, or nearly 13 percent.
  • 08 Oct 2008 Central banks around the world cut interest rates in unison for the first time ever. The coordinated rate cuts were made by financial policymakers in response to the global credit crisis. Central banks of the USA, China, Europe, Great Britain, Canada, Sweden, and Switzerland all cut their main lending rate by half a percentage point.
  • 09 Oct 2008 General Motors Corp share price drops to US$4.65, its lowest level since 1950. Market capitalization drops to US$2.6 billion, lower than its value of about $4 billion in March 1929.
  • 10 Oct 2008 The 10 October 2008 Orakzai bombing kills 110 and injures 200 more.
  • 11 Oct 2008 Former South African President Thabo Mbeki will mediate between the Movement for Democratic Change and Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's government after Mugabe takes control of ministries that command the military and the police, an action that allegedly violates the power-sharing agreement reached last month. (AFP via Yahoo News)
  • 12 Oct 2008 Craig Lowndes and Jamie Whincup win the 2008 Supercheap Auto Bathurst 1000 for Ford and Triple 8.
  • 13 Oct 2008 The Dow Jones Industrial Average rebounds 936.42 points, nearly doubling the largest daily point gain in history, bringing the index back above 9,000 points. Stocks worldwide add more than US$1.7 trillion in value, based on a record 9.3 percent gain in the MSCI world equity index.
  • 14 Oct 2008 U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson announces plans to take equity stakes totaling up to $250 billion in financial institutions.
  • 15 Oct 2008 The US Federal Reserve, the European Central Bank, and the Swiss National Bank announce they will allow unlimited loans in US dollars.
  • 16 Oct 2008 American second largest bank Citigroup posts its fourth straight quarterly loss of $13 billion due to write-downs and credit losses. The bank has recorded US$71 billion in losses over five quarters.
  • 17 Oct 2008 The President of France Nicolas Sarkozy withdraws tacit support for the Quebec sovereignty movement shown by some of his predecessors in a visit to Quebec City. (Reuters)
  • 18 Oct 2008 NASA launches Interstellar Boundary Explorer satellite that will study the edge of solar system. (eFlux)
  • 19 Oct 2008 Afghan officials claim that the Taliban has executed as many as 30 of 50 people captured on a bus in Kandahar Province. (''International Herald Tribune'')
  • 20 Oct 2008 Sri Lankan Civil War: The Sri Lankan military reports that they have breached a key defensive line near the Tamil Tiger headquarters in northern Sri Lanka. (BBC)
  • 21 Oct 2008 Global financial crisis of September–October 2008: Iceland's Kaupthing Bank fails to pay interest to its 50-billion-yen (US$493 million) bondholders in Japan. (Reuters)
  • 22 Oct 2008 Wachovia Corp reports a third-quarter loss of US$23.9 billion, a record quarterly deficit for a banking company in the global credit crisis.
  • 23 Oct 2008 The New York City Council votes 29–22 in favor of extending the term limit on the office of the Mayor to three consecutive four-year terms from two consecutive four-year terms. This allows current Mayor Michael Bloomberg to run for office again in the next mayoral election in November 2009. (WCBS)
  • 24 Oct 2008 ''Bloody Friday'' saw many of the world's stock exchanges experience the worst declines in their history, with drops of around 10% in most indices.
  • 25 Oct 2008 War in Darfur: Human Rights Watch says that more than 40 civilians have been killed in attacks by pro-government Arab militias on rebel-held villages in South Darfur. (BBC News)
  • 26 Oct 2008 American commandos make a raid on a farm in Syria, across from Iraq. The Syrian government claims eight civilians killed.
  • 27 Oct 2008 Alaskan Senator Ted Stevens is found guilty on all seven counts of lying on United States Senate financial documents. (AP via Google News)
  • 28 Oct 2008 The Dow Jones Industrial Average rises 889.35 points, or 10.88 percent, to 9,065.12, its second-biggest point gain. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index gains 91.59 points, or 10.79 percent, to 940.51, also its second-biggest point gain. The Nasdaq Composite Index rises 143.57 points, or 9.53 percent, to 1,649.47.
  • 29 Oct 2008 Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries sells a US 1868 3-cent rose George Washington postage stamp with "B" grill embossing for US$900,000 (US$1,035,000 with buyer's fee). The stamp is one of four known.
  • 30 Oct 2008 The Philadelphia Phillies win the World Series of baseball, their first since 1980, defeating the Tampa Bay Rays four games to one. Game Five was suspended in the sixth inning on October 28 due to rain, with the score tied 2-2.
  • 31 Oct 2008 Libya pays US$1.5 billion in compensation for past terrorist attacks to the United States, clearing the way for normal diplomatic ties between the two countries. (AFP via ABC)

Famous Deaths

vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits in October 2008?
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Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in that month?
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American History X

American History X

Directed by: Tony Kaye

Starring: Edward Norton, Edward Furlong, Beverly D'Angelo, Jennifer Lien

Country: United States of America

Autumn Sonata

Autumn Sonata

Directed by: Ingmar Bergman

Starring: Ingrid Bergman, Liv Ullmann, Lena Nyman, Halvar Björk

Country: United States of America

Tangerines

Tangerines

Directed by: Zaza Urushadze

Starring: Lembit Ulfsak, Elmo Nüganen, Giorgi Nakashidze, Misha Meskhi

Show People

Show People

Directed by: King Vidor

Starring: Marion Davies, William Haines, Dell Henderson, Paul Ralli

Country: United States of America

The Lion in Winter

The Lion in Winter

Directed by: Anthony Harvey

Starring: Peter O'Toole, Katharine Hepburn, Anthony Hopkins, John Castle

Country: United States of America

Books

Which were the most popular books released in October 2008?
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Hot, Flat, And Crowded by Thomas L. Friedman

Hot, Flat, And Crowded

By:

A New York Times Book Review Notable Book of the Year A Washington Post Best Book of the Year A Businessweek Best Business Book of the Year A Chicago Tribune Best

Paul Of Dune by Brian Herbert and Kevin J. Anderson

Paul Of Dune

By:

Frank Herbert's Dune ended with Paul Muad'Dib in control of the planet Dune. Herbert's next Dune book, Dune Messiah, picked up the story several years later after Paul's armies had conquered

Are You There by Chelsea Handler

Are You There

By:

When Chelsea Handler needs to get a few things off her chest, she appeals to a higher power—vodka. Seems reasonable, when considering that she discovered her boyfriend was having an affair

The Keepsake by Tess Gerritsen

The Keepsake

By:

For untold years, the perfectly preserved mummy had lain forgotten in the dusty basement of Boston’s Crispin Museum. Dubbed “Madam X,” the recently rediscovered mummy is, to all appearances, an ancient

The Book Of Lies by Brad Meltzer

The Book Of Lies

By:

Brad Meltzer--author of the #1 New York Times bestseller The Book of Fate--returns with his most thrilling and emotionally powerful novel to date.