October 2008 calendar

October 2008
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Learn the most interesting events and historical facts that happened in October 2008.
The US president was George W. Bush (Republican), the UK Prime Minister was Gordon Brown (Labour), Pope Benedict XVI was leading the Catholic Church.

But much more happened on October 2008: find out below

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of October 2008?


Events

  • 01 Oct 2008 Russia's supreme court declares the imperial dynasty victims of political repression, marking the official rehabilitation of the house of Romanov. The decision overturns a lower court ruling that classified the killings as plain murder, and exonerates Emperor Nicholas II and his family of the alleged crimes the Bolshevik regime used to justify their killing. (Reuters)
  • 02 Oct 2008 The U.S. Senate votes 74-to-25 to endorse a revised US$700 billion bank bailout plan. It involves the Treasury buying bad loans from institutions. The plan, rejected by the House earlier, was revised to include a tax cut and extended federal protection for bank deposits.
  • 03 Oct 2008 The U.S. House of Representatives approves the modified US$700 billion bank bailout plan, voting 263 in favor, 171 against. President George Bush quickly signs the bill into law.
  • 04 Oct 2008 The Dow Jones Industrial Average drops below 10,000.
  • 05 Oct 2008 Animated TV series Star Wars: The Clone Wars debuts in the USA.
  • 06 Oct 2008 Another earthquake of magnitude 6.4, with two magnitude-5 aftershocks, hits Damxung, Tibet, People's Republic of China, with conflicting casualty reports anywhere from 9 to 30 deaths. (USGS) (CNN)
  • 07 Oct 2008 New York stocks drop for a fifth straight day, resulting in the Dow Jones Industrial Average's biggest five-day point loss ever, more than 1400 points, or nearly 13 percent.
  • 08 Oct 2008 Central banks around the world cut interest rates in unison for the first time ever. The coordinated rate cuts were made by financial policymakers in response to the global credit crisis. Central banks of the USA, China, Europe, Great Britain, Canada, Sweden, and Switzerland all cut their main lending rate by half a percentage point.
  • 09 Oct 2008 General Motors Corp share price drops to US$4.65, its lowest level since 1950. Market capitalization drops to US$2.6 billion, lower than its value of about $4 billion in March 1929.
  • 10 Oct 2008 The 10 October 2008 Orakzai bombing kills 110 and injures 200 more.
  • 11 Oct 2008 Former South African President Thabo Mbeki will mediate between the Movement for Democratic Change and Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's government after Mugabe takes control of ministries that command the military and the police, an action that allegedly violates the power-sharing agreement reached last month. (AFP via Yahoo News)
  • 12 Oct 2008 Craig Lowndes and Jamie Whincup win the 2008 Supercheap Auto Bathurst 1000 for Ford and Triple 8.
  • 13 Oct 2008 The Dow Jones Industrial Average rebounds 936.42 points, nearly doubling the largest daily point gain in history, bringing the index back above 9,000 points. Stocks worldwide add more than US$1.7 trillion in value, based on a record 9.3 percent gain in the MSCI world equity index.
  • 14 Oct 2008 U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson announces plans to take equity stakes totaling up to $250 billion in financial institutions.
  • 15 Oct 2008 The US Federal Reserve, the European Central Bank, and the Swiss National Bank announce they will allow unlimited loans in US dollars.
  • 16 Oct 2008 American second largest bank Citigroup posts its fourth straight quarterly loss of $13 billion due to write-downs and credit losses. The bank has recorded US$71 billion in losses over five quarters.
  • 17 Oct 2008 The President of France Nicolas Sarkozy withdraws tacit support for the Quebec sovereignty movement shown by some of his predecessors in a visit to Quebec City. (Reuters)
  • 18 Oct 2008 NASA launches Interstellar Boundary Explorer satellite that will study the edge of solar system. (eFlux)
  • 19 Oct 2008 Afghan officials claim that the Taliban has executed as many as 30 of 50 people captured on a bus in Kandahar Province. (''International Herald Tribune'')
  • 20 Oct 2008 Sri Lankan Civil War: The Sri Lankan military reports that they have breached a key defensive line near the Tamil Tiger headquarters in northern Sri Lanka. (BBC)
  • 21 Oct 2008 Global financial crisis of September–October 2008: Iceland's Kaupthing Bank fails to pay interest to its 50-billion-yen (US$493 million) bondholders in Japan. (Reuters)
  • 22 Oct 2008 Wachovia Corp reports a third-quarter loss of US$23.9 billion, a record quarterly deficit for a banking company in the global credit crisis.
  • 23 Oct 2008 The New York City Council votes 29–22 in favor of extending the term limit on the office of the Mayor to three consecutive four-year terms from two consecutive four-year terms. This allows current Mayor Michael Bloomberg to run for office again in the next mayoral election in November 2009. (WCBS)
  • 24 Oct 2008 ''Bloody Friday'' saw many of the world's stock exchanges experience the worst declines in their history, with drops of around 10% in most indices.
  • 25 Oct 2008 War in Darfur: Human Rights Watch says that more than 40 civilians have been killed in attacks by pro-government Arab militias on rebel-held villages in South Darfur. (BBC News)
  • 26 Oct 2008 American commandos make a raid on a farm in Syria, across from Iraq. The Syrian government claims eight civilians killed.
  • 27 Oct 2008 Alaskan Senator Ted Stevens is found guilty on all seven counts of lying on United States Senate financial documents. (AP via Google News)
  • 28 Oct 2008 The Dow Jones Industrial Average rises 889.35 points, or 10.88 percent, to 9,065.12, its second-biggest point gain. The Standard & Poor's 500 Index gains 91.59 points, or 10.79 percent, to 940.51, also its second-biggest point gain. The Nasdaq Composite Index rises 143.57 points, or 9.53 percent, to 1,649.47.
  • 29 Oct 2008 Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries sells a US 1868 3-cent rose George Washington postage stamp with "B" grill embossing for US$900,000 (US$1,035,000 with buyer's fee). The stamp is one of four known.
  • 30 Oct 2008 The Philadelphia Phillies win the World Series of baseball, their first since 1980, defeating the Tampa Bay Rays four games to one. Game Five was suspended in the sixth inning on October 28 due to rain, with the score tied 2-2.
  • 31 Oct 2008 Libya pays US$1.5 billion in compensation for past terrorist attacks to the United States, clearing the way for normal diplomatic ties between the two countries. (AFP via ABC)

Famous Deaths

vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits in October 2008?
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Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in that month?
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Frost/Nixon

Frost/Nixon

Release year: 2008

Directed by: Ron Howard

Starring: Frank Langella, Michael Sheen, Kevin Bacon, Sam Rockwell

Milk

Milk

Release year: 2008

Directed by: Gus Van Sant

Starring: Sean Penn, Josh Brolin, Emile Hirsch, Diego Luna

Doubt

Doubt

Release year: 2008

Directed by: John Patrick Shanley

Starring: Meryl Streep, Philip Seymour Hoffman, Amy Adams, Viola Davis

Role Models

Role Models

Release year: 2008

Directed by: David Wain

Starring: Paul Rudd, Seann William Scott, Elizabeth Banks, Christopher Mintz-Plasse

Country: United States of America

Last Chance Harvey

Last Chance Harvey

Release year: 2008

Directed by: Joel Hopkins

Starring: Dustin Hoffman, Emma Thompson, Kathy Baker, Eileen Atkins

Books

Which were the most popular books released in October 2008?
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Heat Lightning by John Sandford

Heat Lightning

By:

A killer is leaving a puzzling calling card in the mouths of his victims. And in the middle of a steamy Minnesota summer, Virgil Flowers of the Bureau of Criminal Apprehension

American Wife by Curtis Sittenfeld

American Wife

By:

A kind, bookish only child born in the 1940s, Alice Lindgren has no idea that she will one day end up in the White House, married to the president.

The War Within by Bob Woodward

The War Within

By:

As violence in Iraq reaches unnerving levels in 2006, a second front in the war rages at the highest levels of the Bush administration.

Breaking Dawn by Stephenie Meyer

Breaking Dawn

By:

When you loved the one who was killing you, it left you no options. How could you run, how could you fight, when doing so would hurt that beloved one? If your life was all you had to give, how …

The Shadow Factory by James Bamford

The Shadow Factory

By:

James Bamford has been the preeminent expert on the National Security Agency since his reporting revealed the agency’s existence in the 1980s.