1943

People in 1943 lived under the shadow of Adolf Hitler and Goering’s advancing Luftwaffe. World War Two reached its fourth year of pitched battle on the European front.

1943

The babies born in this tumultuous time commonly had the name James or Mary. Some famous people born in 1943 include RL Stine, Bobby Fischer, John Kerry, Mick Jagger, Robert De Niro, and Christopher Walker. The world population sat at just over 2.4 billion.

Regardless of the wartime conflict, books and movies continued to be produced. The most popular novels at the time were A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, The Little Prince, and Ayn Rand’s The Fountainhead. Three top movies of 1943 were For Whom the Bell Tolls, Heaven Can Wait, and Cabin in the Sky. The world of physics and the world of children’s books lost two greats with the deaths of Nikola Tesla and Beatrix Potter. Outside of the battlefield, plenty of historical items happened in 1943.

The year 1943 was a first for many things: the first woman in the Marine Corps, the first missing person telecast, the first jet fighter tested, the first use of refillable aerosol spray, and the first modern use of the word autism. In addition, Franklin Delano Roosevelt made history by being the first president to visit a foreign country in wartime after making a trip to Morocco. In this year, war leadership saw drastic changes as Roosevelt appointed Eisenhower to command the allied forces. While France recognized the independence of Lebanon and Italy surrendered to the allies, Hitler declared Berlin free of Jews. This year saw the Nazis acknowledge their first failure on the war front at the Battle of Stalingrad. Regardless of this substantial German loss, World War Two would continue for two additional years. Even if you’re tired of hearing about World War Two, all you fans of Rand’s objectivism and bug spray owe some thanks to 1943.

Discover how the world looked like in 1943

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Prithvi Vallabh

Prithvi Vallabh

Directed by: Sohrab Modi

Starring: Sadiq Ali, Durga Khote, Leela Mishra, Sohrab Modi

Tansen

Tansen

Directed by: Jayant Desai

Starring: K.L. Saigal, Khurshid Begum, Mubarak, Nagendra

The Ox-Bow Incident

The Ox-Bow Incident

Directed by: William A. Wellman

Starring: Henry Fonda, Dana Andrews, Mary Beth Hughes, Anthony Quinn

Country: United States of America

Day of Wrath

Day of Wrath

Directed by: Carl Theodor Dreyer

Starring: Thorkild Roose, Lisbeth Movin, Sigrid Neiiendam, Kirsten Andreasen

Country: United States of America

Shadow of a Doubt

Shadow of a Doubt

Directed by: Alfred Hitchcock

Starring: Teresa Wright, Joseph Cotten, Macdonald Carey, Henry Travers

Country: United States of America

vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1943?


Top #1 songs in the USA

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1943 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1943?


Events

  • 01 Jan Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to Lieutenant Colonel
  • 03 Jan 1st missing persons telecast (NYC)
  • 04 Jan Thomas Mann completes his tetralogy, Joseph & His Brothers
  • 05 Jan Teams agrees to start season later due to WWII
  • 09 Jan Japanese government in Java limits sale and use of motorcars.
  • 10 Jan Russian offensive against German 6th / 4th Armies near Stalingrad
  • 11 Jan US and Britain relinquish extraterritorial rights in China.
  • 12 Jan Frankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat & soy meal)
  • 13 Jan British Premier Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca
  • 14 Jan FDR andWinston Churchill confer in Casablanca concerning WWII
  • 15 Jan World War II: The Soviet counter-offensive at Voronezh begins.
  • 16 Jan First US air raid on Ambon.
  • 17 Jan Tin Can Drive Day
  • 18 Jan US rations bread and metal
  • 19 Jan Joint Chiefs of Staff decide on invasion in Sicily
  • 20 Jan Temperature in Lead, South Dakota is 52 degrees F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood, South Dakota records -16 degrees F.
  • 21 Jan Vice-admiral Cunningham appointed British Admiral of the Fleet
  • 22 Jan 66.3 cm precipitation at Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
  • 23 Jan 66.34 cm (26.12), Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
  • 24 Jan Jewish patients / nurses / doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • 27 Jan 1st US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)
  • 28 Jan Forward Doug Bentley sets NHL record with five points in a game.
  • 29 Jan The first day of the Battle of Rennell Island, U.S. cruiser Chicago is torpedoed and heavily damaged by Japanese bombers.
  • 30 Jan German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth
  • 31 Jan 39 U-boats sunk this month (203,100 ton)
  • 01 Feb German occupiers of Norway make Vidkun Quisling premier.
  • 02 Feb Battle of Stalingrad ends with final surrender of the German army
  • 03 Feb 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others
  • 05 Feb Amsterdam resistance group CS-6 shoots German General Seyffardt.
  • 06 Feb RKO Radio Pictures releases Disney's animated feature film Saludos Amigos to theaters in the USA. It includes the animated short films: Lake Titicaca (with Donald Duck), Pedro, El Gaucho Goofy (with Goofy), and Aquarela do Brasil (with Donald Duck).
  • 07 Feb Shoe rationing begins in US (may purchase up to three more pairs in 1942).
  • 09 Feb FDR orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry
  • 10 Feb Van der Veen Resistance starts fire in Amsterdam employment bureau.
  • 11 Feb Transport nr 47 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany
  • 12 Feb General Eisenhower departs Algiers to Tebessa
  • 13 Feb German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, General Eisenhower visits front
  • 14 Feb German offensive through de Faid pass in Tunisia.
  • 16 Feb Sign on Munich facade: Out with Hitler! Long live freedom! done by White Rose student group, caught on 2 / 18, beheaded on 2 / 22
  • 17 Feb General Major Bradley flies to Washington DC
  • 18 Feb 1st edition of Dutch resistance newspaper Trouw
  • 19 Feb German tanks under Brigadier General Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass in Tunisia.
  • 20 Feb Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia.
  • 21 Feb German offensive at Western Dorsalgebergte, Tunisia.
  • 22 Feb World War II: Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany.
  • 23 Feb General Major Bradley arrives in Dakar and Marrakesh
  • 24 Feb General Major Bradley flies to Algiers
  • 25 Feb Vietminh forms Indo Chinese Democratic Front.
  • 26 Feb German assault moves to Beja, North Tunisia.
  • 27 Feb The Rosenstrasse protest starts in Berlin
  • 28 Feb 63 U-boats (359,300 ton) sinks this month
  • 01 Mar Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
  • 02 Mar Sea battle in Bismarck Sea finishes, US and Australia win over Japan.
  • 03 Mar US defeats Japan andwins Battle of Bismark Sea
  • 04 Mar Transport nr 50 departs with French Jews to Maidanek / Sobibor
  • 05 Mar Anti fascist strikes in Italy
  • 06 Mar Battle at Medenine, North-Africa; Rommel's assault attack.
  • 07 Mar General Major Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif Tunisia
  • 08 Mar Limited gambling legalized in Mexico.
  • 09 Mar Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps
  • 10 Mar Banco Bradesco was founded by Amador Aguiar in Marília, São Paulo, Brazil.
  • 11 Mar Nazi Militia forms in the Netherlands
  • 12 Mar Soviet troops liberate Wjasma.
  • 13 Mar Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight
  • 14 Mar World War II : The Krakow Ghetto is 'liquidated'.
  • 15 Mar Allied reconnaissance flight over Java
  • 16 Mar Elin K (No) andZaanland (Neth) torpedoed andsinks
  • 17 Mar Aldemarin (Ned) and Fort Cedar Lake (US) torpedoed and sinks
  • 18 Mar James Oglethorpe (US) and Terkolei (Neth), torpedoed and sinks
  • 19 Mar Airship Canadian Star torpedoed and sinks
  • 20 Mar German U-384 bombed and sinks
  • 21 Mar British 8th Army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia.
  • 22 Mar Obligatory work for woman ends in Belgium
  • 23 Mar German counter-attack on US lines in Tunisia.
  • 25 Mar Jimmy Durante and Garry Moore premiere on radio
  • 26 Mar 1st woman to receive air medal (US army nurse Elsie S Ott)
  • 27 Mar Blue Ribbon Town (with Groucho Marx) 1st heard on CBS Radio
  • 28 Mar In Italy a ship full of weapons and ammunition explodes in the port of Naples, killing 600.
  • 29 Mar Meat, butter and cheese rationed in US (784 gram/week, two kilogram for GI's).
  • 30 Mar British 1st Army recaptures Sejenane.
  • 31 Mar US errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326.
  • 03 Apr Jan Dieters (leader of illegal CPN) arrested
  • 05 Apr Allies bomb Mortsel
  • 06 Apr Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN) arrested
  • 07 Apr British / US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
  • 08 Apr Hakuun Yasutani Roshi, founder of Sanbo Kyodan, receives dharma
  • 11 Apr Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flies his first (single-rotor) craft.
  • 12 Apr Dutch Catholic University Nijmegen closed
  • 13 Apr Catholic University Nijegen closes
  • 14 Apr Generals Alexander, Dwight Eisenhower, Anderson, Bradley discuss assault on Tunis.
  • 15 Apr Metropolitan Life Insurance issues a US$225 million check to Chase bank.
  • 16 Apr 40 New Zealand bombers attack Haarlem Netherlands (85 killed).
  • 17 Apr Admiral Yamamoto flies from Truk to Rabaul
  • 18 Apr World War II: Operation Vengeance, Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto is killed when his aircraft is shot down by U.S. fighters over Bougainville Island.
  • 19 Apr Jews attack Nazi occupation forces at Warsaw Ghetto
  • 20 Apr Braves manager Casey Stengel is struck by a taxi, fractures a leg
  • 21 Apr Worst Bombing of Aberdeen in WW2.
  • 22 Apr German counter-attack in North Tunisia.
  • 23 Apr British and US offensive directed at Tunis / Bizerta
  • 25 Apr Easter occurs on the latest possible date (last time 1886 next time 2038) in the Western Christian Church.
  • 27 Apr Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London, England.
  • 28 Apr German-Italian counter offensive in North Africa.
  • 29 Apr US 34th Division occupies Hill 609, North Tunisia.
  • 30 Apr Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms.
  • 01 May Rauter signs unofficial death sentence
  • 02 May German troops vacate Jefna Tunisia.
  • 03 May Strike against obligatory labor camps ends, after 200 killed
  • 05 May Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System.
  • 06 May British 1st Army opens assault on Tunis, Tunisia.
  • 07 May British 11th Huzaren occupies Tunis Tunisia
  • 08 May Adm Cunningham of British fleet: Sink, burn & destroy
  • 09 May 5th German Panser army surrenders in Tunisia.
  • 11 May US 7th division lands on Attu, Aleutian, (first US territory recaptured).
  • 12 May Axis forces in North Africa surrender
  • 13 May German occupiers confiscate all radios
  • 14 May A Japanese submarine sinks AHS Centaur off the coast of Queensland.
  • 15 May Halifax bombers sinks U-463
  • 16 May Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto ends after 30 days of fighting
  • 17 May The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the ENIAC.
  • 18 May Allied bombers attack Pantelleria in the Mediterranean Sea.
  • 19 May British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pledges England's full support to US against Japan.
  • 20 May French, British and US victory parade in Tunis, Tunisia.
  • 22 May Stalin disbands Komintern.
  • 23 May Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus
  • 24 May U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje
  • 25 May Riot at Mobile Alabama shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers.
  • 26 May Premier Churchill and General Marshall fly from US to North Africa
  • 27 May US forbids racial discrimination in war industry.
  • 28 May British militia reaches Tito.
  • 29 May Confederacy of Algiers (Churchill-Marshall-Eisenhower)
  • 30 May French general De Gaulle arrives in Algiers
  • 31 May "Archie" comic strip first broadcast on radio.
  • 01 Jun Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die
  • 02 Jun German assault on Sebastopol Krim, begins
  • 03 Jun United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration forms
  • 04 Jun Race riots in LA
  • 05 Jun 75th Belmont: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:28.2
  • 08 Jun WWII: Japanese battleship Mutsu was destroyed by an accidental magazine explosion in Hashirajima anchorage, killing 1,121.
  • 09 Jun Pay-as-you-go (withholding) US income tax deductions authorized
  • 10 Jun FDR signs withholding tax bill into law (this is W-2 Day!)
  • 11 Jun British invades Pantelleria (tiny island south of Sicily)
  • 12 Jun Himmler orders extermination of all Polish ghettos
  • 15 Jun Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms
  • 16 Jun Race riot in Beaumont Texas (two die).
  • 17 Jun Player-manager Joe Cronin of Red Sox hits two 3-run pinch home runs
  • 18 Jun SS Police in Amsterdam sentence for 12 resistance fighter to death (Jewish, communists, homosexuality) at the Census Bureau
  • 19 Jun Shiek Of Arahy Spike Jones and City Slickers peaks at #19
  • 20 Jun Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded
  • 21 Jun Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit, Michigan; 30 dead.
  • 22 Jun WEB DuBois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters
  • 23 Jun Dutch artsens protest against Nazis
  • 24 Jun Allies begin 10-day bombing on Hamburg
  • 25 Jun Crematory III at Birkenau is finished
  • 27 Jun Elly Dammers throws Dutch record spear (41, 43m)
  • 29 Jun Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe
  • 30 Jun Gen MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping)
  • 01 Jul Pay-as-you-go - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
  • 02 Jul Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
  • 03 Jul Liberator bombers sinks U-628
  • 05 Jul Battle of Koersk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks)
  • 06 Jul 2nd day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 German killed
  • 07 Jul 3rd day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova
  • 08 Jul 4th day of battle at Kursk: General Model uses last tank reserve
  • 09 Jul 5th day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Verchopenje
  • 10 Jul US and Britain invade Sicily in WWII (Operation Husky)
  • 11 Jul Counter attack by Hermann Goering Armour division in Sicily
  • 12 Jul Battle of Kolombangara (2nd battle of Gulf of Kula)
  • 13 Jul 11th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Shibe Park, Philadelphia
  • 14 Jul In Joplin, Missouri, the George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of an African American.
  • 17 Jul United Artists releases Disney's animated and live-action feature film Victory Through Air Power to theaters.
  • 18 Jul British assault on Catania Sicily
  • 19 Jul 500 allied air forces raid Rome during WWII
  • 20 Jul Joint Chiefs of Staff question Admiral Nimitz (landing Gilbert Island)
  • 22 Jul US forces led by General George Patton liberate Palermo Sicily
  • 23 Jul Battle of Koersk, USSR ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks)
  • 24 Jul RAF bombs Hamburg (20,000 dead)
  • 25 Jul 1st warship named for a Black person, SS Leonard Roy Harmon, launched
  • 26 Jul 120 degrees F (49 degrees C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record).
  • 27 Jul 772 British bombers attack Hamburg
  • 28 Jul President Franklin Roosevelt announces end of coffee rationing in the US.
  • 29 Jul 1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg
  • 30 Jul Last Judy Garland-Mickey Rooney movie released (Girl Crazy)
  • 31 Jul Transport nr 58 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany
  • 01 Aug Japan declares Burma Independence under U Ba Maw
  • 02 Aug Armed revolt breaks out in Treblinka
  • 03 Aug Gen Patton slaps a US GI in the hospital accusing him of cowardice
  • 04 Aug British Premier Churchill travels on the Queen Mary to Canada
  • 05 Aug Soviet forces reconquer Orel and Bjelgorod
  • 06 Aug US 1st Infantry division occupies node Troina Sicily
  • 07 Aug Red Army recaptures Bogodukov
  • 08 Aug Common Chiefs of staff meet in Quebec
  • 10 Aug Dutch submarine attacks Island Hertenbeest in NW Bali
  • 11 Aug Red Army recaptures Tchukujev, at Kharkov
  • 12 Aug Alleged date of the first Philadelphia Experiment test on United States Navy ship USS Eldridge.
  • 13 Aug Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk
  • 14 Aug 1st allied air raid on Borneo
  • 15 Aug Allies land on Kiska Aleutians
  • 16 Aug 1st Long Tom bombs on Italian mainland (from Sicily)
  • 17 Aug Gen Patton enters Messina, completing conquest of Sicily by Allies
  • 18 Aug Carl Hubbell wins his 253rd and final game, all with Giants
  • 19 Aug US air raid on German bases at Gilze-Rijen / Vlissingen
  • 21 Aug Gromyko named USSR-ambassador in Washington
  • 22 Aug Soviet troops free Karkov
  • 23 Aug Red army recaptures Charkow
  • 24 Aug Philadelphia Athletics drop AL record tying 20th game in a row, win the 2nd game
  • 25 Aug 10th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 27, Washington 7 (48,471)
  • 26 Aug WWII: Lord Louis Mountbatten is named Supreme Allied Commander for Southeast Asia.
  • 27 Aug Japanese forces evacuate New Georgia Island in the Pacific Theater of Operations during World War II.
  • 28 Aug Denmark, declares a universal strike against Nazi occupiers
  • 29 Aug Denmark scuttles their warships so as not to be taken by Germany
  • 31 Aug 1st battle of Essex / new Yorktown: US assault on Marcus Island
  • 03 Sep British 8th army lands in South Italy (Messina)
  • 05 Sep 57th US Womens Tennis: Pauline Betz beats A Louise Brough (63 57 63)
  • 06 Sep 63rd US Mens Tennis: J R Hunt Seaman beats Jack Kramer (63 68 108 60)
  • 07 Sep 987 Dutch Jewish transported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp
  • 08 Sep Gen Eisenhower announce unconditional surrender of Italy in WWII
  • 09 Sep Italy surrenders to Allies
  • 10 Sep British 8th army occupies Tarente
  • 11 Sep Allied arm forces conquerors Salerno
  • 12 Sep Free French lands on Corsica
  • 13 Sep German counter attack at Salerno
  • 14 Sep Comedians Jerry Stiller and Anne Meara marries
  • 15 Sep Benito Mussolini forms a rival fascist government in Italy
  • 16 Sep Soviet army under general Vatutin reconquer Romny
  • 17 Sep Red Army recaptures Brjansk
  • 18 Sep Cardinals clinch NL pennant
  • 19 Sep Fanny Whiteers-Koen breaks jumping world record
  • 20 Sep Liberator bombers sinks U-338
  • 21 Sep Arundel (Solomon Island) in US hands
  • 22 Sep British dwarf submarines attack Tirpitz
  • 23 Sep World War II: The so-called Salo Republic is born.
  • 24 Sep Soviet forces reconquer Smolensk
  • 25 Sep Russian troops liberate Smolensk
  • 27 Sep Anti-fascism opposition begins in Naples
  • 29 Sep 1st Silbertanne-murder by German occupiers in Meppel
  • 30 Sep Pope Pius XII encyclical on Divine spirit
  • 01 Oct Allied forces captured Naples during WWII
  • 02 Oct Japanse troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island
  • 03 Oct British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy
  • 04 Oct Corsica freed by Free French
  • 05 Oct US air raid on Wake
  • 06 Oct Battle at Vella Lavella, Solomon Island
  • 07 Oct WWII: The Naples post office explosion kills 100.
  • 08 Oct Great-Britain establishes bases on Azores
  • 10 Oct US bombers accidentally strike Enschede Neth, causing 151 deaths
  • 11 Oct New York Yankees beat Saint Louis Cardinals 4 games to 1, in 40th World Series, 10th World Series win - New York Yankees become first team to win ten World Series.
  • 12 Oct US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
  • 13 Oct Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • 14 Oct 400 Jews escape in uprising at Sobibor extermination Camp in Poland
  • 16 Oct Anti Jewish riot in Rome
  • 17 Oct Liberators sink U-540 and U-631
  • 18 Oct US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island
  • 19 Oct Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow
  • 20 Oct The cargo vessel Sinfra is attacked by Allied aircraft at Suda Bay, Crete, and sunk. 2,098 Italian prisoners of war drown with it.
  • 21 Oct Lucie Aubrac and others in her French Resistance cell liberate Raymond Aubrac from Gestapo imprisonment.
  • 22 Oct World War II: in the Second firestorm raid on Germany, the Royal Air Force conducts an air raid on the town of Kassel, killing 10,000 and rendering 150,000 homeless.
  • 23 Oct 1st Jewish transport out of Rome reaches camp Birkenau
  • 24 Oct Anti-Nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting.
  • 25 Oct Burma railroad completed and opens
  • 26 Oct World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 ''Pfeil''.
  • 28 Oct U-220 sinks
  • 29 Oct 3 allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3
  • 30 Oct Italian director Federico Fellini marries actress Giulietta Masina
  • 31 Oct Washington Redskins' Sammy Baugh passes for six touchdowns versus Brooklyn (48-10).
  • 01 Nov Dim-out ban lifted in SF Bay area
  • 02 Nov Jewish ghetto of Riga Latvia is destroyed
  • 03 Nov P-47D Thunderbolt shot down above North-Holland
  • 04 Nov France arrests government of Lebanon
  • 06 Nov Russian troops land on Kertsj peninsula
  • 07 Nov Detroit Lions 0, New York Giants 0; last scoreless tie in NFL.
  • 09 Nov Agreement for foundation of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration signed by 44 countries in the White House, Washington, D.C.
  • 11 Nov Spud Chandler wins AL MVP; Stan Musial wins NL MVP
  • 12 Nov Landwacht (NSB-political party) forms in the Netherlands
  • 14 Nov J Postma, C Schalker, D Goulooze arrested for leading illegal CPN
  • 15 Nov Holocaust: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies are to be put ''on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps''. (see Porajmos)
  • 18 Nov U-211 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • 19 Nov U-536 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • 20 Nov U-538 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • 21 Nov 7 Belgian ministers in London sentence King Leopold III
  • 22 Nov FDR, Churchill and Chiang Kai-shek meet to discuss ways to defeat Japan
  • 23 Nov 1st printing of illegal Warheid
  • 24 Nov World War II: The USS Liscome Bay is torpedoed near Tarawa and sinks, killing 650 men.
  • 25 Nov U-600 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
  • 27 Nov 31st CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Flying Wildcats defeat Winn Bombers, 23-14
  • 28 Nov FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Tehran to map out strategy
  • 29 Nov Partisan Tito forms temporary government in Jajce Bosnia
  • 01 Dec FDR, Churchill and Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day)
  • 02 Dec A Luftwaffe bombing raid on the harbour of Bari, Italy, sinks numerous cargo and transport ships, including an American Liberty ship, the John Harvey, with a stockpile of World War I-era mustard gas.
  • 03 Dec 9th Heisman Trophy Award: Angelo Bertelli, Notre Dame (quarterback).
  • 04 Dec Second conference of Ca?ro: US President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Turkish President In�nn.
  • 05 Dec NFL Philadelphia Eagle-Pittsburgh Steelers merger dissolves.
  • 07 Dec Cairo: President Roosevelt travels back to the US
  • 10 Dec British 8th Army occupies Orsogna / Ortona Italy
  • 13 Dec 150 US Marauders bomb Schiphol.
  • 17 Dec Transport 63 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany
  • 19 Dec Military coup in Bolivia.
  • 20 Dec A military coup is staged in Bolivia.
  • 22 Dec WEB Du Bois elected 1st black member, National Institute of Arts & Letters
  • 23 Dec First telecast of a complete opera (Hansel and Gretel), Schenectady, New York.
  • 24 Dec FDR appoints General Eisenhower Supreme Commander of Allied forces
  • 26 Dec British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst
  • 27 Dec German warship Scharnhorst sinks in Barents Sea
  • 28 Dec All inhabitants of Kalmukkie are deported, about 70,000 killed.
  • 30 Dec Subhas Chandra Bose raises the flag of Indian independence at Port Blair.