1947

In 1947, following the horrors of the atrocities of the Second World War, a major political event occurred that has had global repercussions for generations. The impact of this event has been felt especially in the Near East. This was the year that Palestine was partitioned and the State of Israel was created.

1947

In another important political development, albeit with more of a cultural impact for the Anglosphere, this was the year that Princess Elizabeth announced her engagement to Philip Mountbatten. After their marriage and Elizabeth’s ascension to the throne, Philip became Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

1947 was also the year that a major political shift occurred in the United States. On the heels of World War II and in the shadow of the developing Cold War, the US took a major step in creating the “national security state” – a major increase in the size and scope of the central government in Washington, DC. This was brought to bear with the National Security Act of 1947, which established what would eventually be called the Department of Defense, established the National Security Council, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). The effects of this Act have been felt in the United States and abroad for decades.

News highlights in 1947 were not all politics, though. In a major cultural development in the United States, Jackie Robinson started with the Brooklyn Dodgers, becoming the first black athlete to play in Major League Baseball in the modern era, essentially desegregating professional baseball in the US.

In film, the holiday classic, Miracle on 34th Streetopened in the US and Gentleman’s Agreement, starring Gregory Peck, won Best Picture at the Academy Awards.

Finally, in a major literary event, Anne Frank’s diary from World War II was published for the first time. The diary was initially published in Amsterdam and then became an international classic, read by generations of students across the world.

Discover how the world looked like in 1947

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Out of the Past

Out of the Past

Directed by: Jacques Tourneur

Starring: Robert Mitchum, Jane Greer, Kirk Douglas, Rhonda Fleming

Country: United States of America

Monsieur Verdoux

Monsieur Verdoux

Directed by: Charles Chaplin

Starring: Charles Chaplin, Mady Correll, Allison Roddan, Robert Lewis

Country: United States of America

The Ghost and Mrs. Muir

The Ghost and Mrs. Muir

Directed by: Joseph L. Mankiewicz

Starring: Gene Tierney, Rex Harrison, George Sanders, Edna Best

Country: United States of America

Miracle on 34th Street

Miracle on 34th Street

Directed by: George Seaton

Starring: Edmund Gwenn, Maureen O'Hara, John Payne, Gene Lockhart

Country: United States of America

Odd Man Out

Odd Man Out

Directed by: Carol Reed

Starring: James Mason, Robert Newton, Cyril Cusack, F.J. McCormick

Country: United States of America

vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1947?


Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1947 in the USA ?

Top #10 male names
  1. James
  2. Robert
  3. John
  4. William
  5. Richard
  6. David
  7. Michael
  8. Thomas
  9. Charles
  10. Larry
Top #10 female names
  1. Linda
  2. Mary
  3. Patricia
  4. Barbara
  5. Sandra
  6. Carol
  7. Nancy
  8. Susan
  9. Sharon
  10. Donna
history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1947?


Events

  • 01 Jan Benelux agress to work related issues
  • 02 Jan Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East-Bengali.
  • 03 Jan William Dawson becomes 1st black to head congressional committee
  • 04 Jan Park Avenue closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 72 performances
  • 06 Jan Ray Lindwall smashes 100 versus England in Melbourne Cricket Ground Test.
  • 08 Jan Toronto Maple Leafs' rookie Howie Meeker scores five goals in a game.
  • 09 Jan Street Scene opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 148 performances
  • 10 Jan British stop ships Independence and In-Gathering from landing in Israel
  • 15 Jan The brutalized corpse of Elizabeth Short (''The Black Dahlia'') is found in Leimert Park, Los Angeles.
  • 16 Jan Vincent Aurial elected President of France.
  • 17 Jan Muiden Netherlands ammunition factory explodes, 16 die.
  • 18 Jan Red Mill closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 831 performances
  • 19 Jan SS Himera runs aground at Athens, kills 392
  • 20 Jan Brigadier General Edwin K Wright becomes deputy director of US Central Intelligence Agency.
  • 21 Jan Sweethearts opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 288 performances
  • 22 Jan 1st commercial TV station west of Mississippi opens, Hollywood, California
  • 24 Jan Greek banker Dimitrios Maximos becomes Prime Minister of Greece.
  • 25 Jan Al Capone, Chicago gangster, dies of syphilis at age 48.
  • 26 Jan KLM Dakota crashes near Copenhagen, 22 die.
  • 28 Jan Bay Psalm book auctioned for a record $151,000
  • 30 Jan February 8 ampndash A heavy blizzard in Canada buries towns from Winnipeg, Manitoba, to Calgary, Alberta.
  • 31 Jan The Communists take power in Poland.
  • 01 Feb Aleide de Gasperi forms Italian government of Christian-democrats and communists.
  • 03 Feb 1st black reporter in Congressional press gallery (Percival Prattis)
  • 05 Feb Bolewet Beirut becomes President of Poland.
  • 06 Feb South Pacific Commission (SPC) founded.
  • 07 Feb Arabs and Jews reject British proposal to split Palestine.
  • 08 Feb KSD (now KSDK) TV channel 5 in St. Louis, MO (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 09 Feb Bank robber Willie Sutton escapes jail in Philadelphia
  • 10 Feb WW II peace treaties signed
  • 12 Feb Daytime fireball and meteorite fall seen in eastern Siberia
  • 15 Feb Toplitzky of Notre Dame closes at Century Theater NYC after 60 performances
  • 17 Feb Voice of America begins broadcasting to USSR.
  • 18 Feb 24 die in a train crash in Gallitzin, Pennsylvania.
  • 20 Feb Lord Mountbatten appointed as last viceroy of India.
  • 21 Feb 1st broadcast of 1st US TV soap opera A Woman to Remember
  • 22 Feb ''Tom and Jerry'' cartoon ''Cat Fishin''', is released.
  • 23 Feb American General Dwight Eisenhower opens drive to raise US$170 million in aid for European Jews.
  • 25 Feb The State of Prussia ceases to exist.
  • 27 Feb Paul-Emile Victor French polar expeditions organized.
  • 28 Feb Anti Kuomintang demonstration on Taiwan.
  • 01 Mar The International Monetary Fund begins financial operations.
  • 04 Mar WWJ (now WDIV) TV channel 4 in Detroit, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 06 Mar XB-45, first US 4-engine jet bomber, makes first test flight, Muroc, California.
  • 09 Mar US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Gretchen Merrill.
  • 12 Mar Chocolate Soldier opens at Century Theater NYC for 69 performances
  • 13 Mar Brigadoon opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 581 performances
  • 14 Mar The River Thames overruns its banks.
  • 15 Mar John Lee appointed 1st black commissioned officer in US Navy
  • 16 Mar Convair Liner, first US twin-engine pressurized airplane, tested.
  • 17 Mar First flight of the B-45 Tornado strategic bomber.
  • 19 Mar Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek conquers Jenan.
  • 21 Mar Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgens radiatur
  • 22 Mar President Truman signs executive order calling for loyalty
  • 24 Mar US Congress proposes two-term limitation on the Presidency.
  • 25 Mar Agreement of Linggadjati ratified in Batavia.
  • 28 Mar A World War II Japanese booby trap explodes on Corregidor island, killing 28 people.
  • 29 Mar A rebellion against French rule erupts in Madagascar.
  • 31 Mar The leaders of the Kurdish People's Republic of Mahabad, the second Kurdish state in the history of Iran, are hanged at the Chuwarchira Square in Mahabad after that country had been overrun by the Iranian army.
  • 01 Apr Paul becomes king of Greece, on the death of his childless elder brother, George II.
  • 03 Apr Barefoot Boy with Cheek opens at Martin Beck NYC for 108 performances
  • 04 Apr Convention on International Civil Aviation goes into effect
  • 06 Apr 11th Golf Masters Championship: Jimmy Demaret wins his second Masters golf tournament, shooting a 281.
  • 08 Apr Largest recorded sunspots (7,000) observed.
  • 09 Apr Baseball suspends Brooklyn Dodgers' Leo Durocher for one year.
  • 10 Apr Jackie Robinson becomes 1st black in major league baseball (Dodgers)
  • 11 Apr Jackie Robinson becomes 1st black in modern major-league baseball
  • 15 Apr Operations begin at Radio Netherlands World radio.
  • 16 Apr Lens to provide zoom effects demonstrated (New York City, New York).
  • 17 Apr Jackie Robinson bunts for his first major league hit.
  • 18 Apr Royal Navy detonates 6,800 tons of explosives in an attempt to demolish the fortified island of Heligoland, Germany, thus creating one of the largest man-made non-nuclear explosions in history.
  • 19 Apr Suh Yun Buck wins world record marathon (2:25:39)
  • 20 Apr Frederik IX becomes King of Denmark.
  • 25 Apr Lou Thesz beats Whipper Watson in Saint Louis, to become wrestling champion.
  • 26 Apr Bless the Bride musical opens in London
  • 27 Apr Babe Ruth Day celebrated at Yankee Stadium and throughout the US.
  • 28 Apr Thor Heyerdahl and five crew mates set out from Peru on the Kon-Tiki to prove that Peruvian natives could have settled Polynesia.
  • 30 Apr Boulder Dam in Colorado, USA, renamed Hoover Dam in honor of Herbert Hoover.
  • 01 May Radar for commercial and private planes first demonstrated.
  • 02 May The movie ''Miracle on 34th Street'', a Christmastime classic, is first shown in theaters.
  • 03 May Japan forms a constitutional democracy.
  • 05 May Mississippi Valley flooding kills 16 and causes $850 million in damage.
  • 07 May Paraguayian Government unleashes contra revolt.
  • 08 May A movement among Saint Louis Cardinals' players to protest its first meeting with Jackie Robinson and the Brooklyn Dodgers is aborted by a talk from owner Sam Breadon.
  • 10 May Chocolate Soldier closes at Century Theater NYC after 69 performances
  • 11 May BF Goodrich announced the development of tubeless tire (Akron Ohio)
  • 12 May The animated cartoon film ''Rabbit Transit'', directed by Friz Freleng, is released.
  • 13 May US Senate approves the Taft-Hartley Act limiting the power of unions.
  • 17 May Street Scene closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 148 performances
  • 22 May Truman Doctrine goes into effect, aiding Turkey and Greece
  • 23 May PC Hooft prize forms for literature.
  • 25 May An airliner of the Flugfelag Íslands crashes into a mountainside, killing 25 people.
  • 31 May Communists grab power in Hungary.
  • 01 Jun Photosensitive glass developed
  • 02 Jun Louisiana Lady opens at Century Theater NYC for 4 performances
  • 03 Jun British Viceroy of India lord Mountbatten visits Pakistan
  • 04 Jun Louisiana Lady closes at Century Theater NYC after 4 performances
  • 05 Jun Sec of State George C Marshall outlines Marshall Plan
  • 06 Jun Treaty drawn for establishment of International Patent Institute
  • 07 Jun The Royal Romanian Army founded, the-now most successful romanian football club, Steaua București, as ''A.S.A. București'' History of FC Steaua.
  • 10 Jun SAAB produces its first automobile.
  • 11 Jun WW II sugar rationing finally endd in US (began May 28, 1942)
  • 15 Jun 47th US Golf Open: Lew Worsham shoots a 282 at St. Louis Country Club - Missouri
  • 16 Jun Pravda denounces Marshall Plan
  • 17 Jun Earnest Reuter becomes Mayor of Berlin
  • 18 Jun Cincinnati Reds' Ewell Blackwell no-hits Boston Braves, 6-0.
  • 19 Jun First plane (F-80) to exceed 600 mph (1004 kph)-Albert Boyd, Muroc, California.
  • 20 Jun Benjamin 'Bugsy' Siegel, gangster, shot dead in Beverly Hills, California.
  • 22 Jun 12 rain in 42 minutes (Holt, MO)
  • 23 Jun Compton and Bill Edrich make 370 stand for 3rd wkt vs. South Africa
  • 24 Jun 29th PGA Championship: Jim Ferrier at Plum Hollow Country Club - Detroit
  • 25 Jun Heavyweight Joe Louis KOs Tami Mauriello
  • 27 Jun WRC TV channel 4 in Washington DC (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 28 Jun Temptation (Tim-Tayshun) by Red Ingle with Jo Stafford hits #1
  • 29 Jun Yanks beat Senators 3-1 starting a 19 game win streak
  • 01 Jul 192m long passenger ship Willem Ruys (Achille Lauro) launched
  • 02 Jul Military coup discovered in France
  • 03 Jul Cleveland Indians purchase Larry Dolby, the 1st black in AL
  • 04 Jul 61st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Jack Kramer beats Tom P Brown (61 63 62)
  • 05 Jul Barefoot Boy with Cheek closes at Martin Beck NYC after 108 performances
  • 06 Jul The AK-47 goes into production in the Soviet Union.
  • 08 Jul 14th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 2-1 at Wrigley Field, Chicago
  • 09 Jul Spain votes for Franco monarchy
  • 10 Jul Cleveland Indians' Don Black no-hits Philadelphia Athletics, 3-0.
  • 11 Jul The Exodus 1947 heads to Palestine from France.
  • 16 Jul Bobo Newsom wins 200th game, 1st as a Yankee andYanks 18th straight In nightcap Vic Rashi extends streak to 19
  • 17 Jul The Indian passenger ship ''Ramdas'' is capsized by a cyclone at Mumbai, India, with 625 people killed.
  • 18 Jul British seize Exodus 1947 ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine
  • 19 Jul The Prime Minister of the shadow Burmese government, Bogyoke Aung San and 6 of his cabinet and 2 non-cabinet members are assassinated by Galon U Saw.
  • 20 Jul 1st political action of the Netherlands Army on Java and Sumatra
  • 21 Jul Indonesia begins 1st political election
  • 23 Jul First (US Navy) air squadron of jets, Quonset Point, Rhode Island.
  • 25 Jul US Air Force, Navy and War Departments form US Department of Defense.
  • 26 Jul Department of Defense forms
  • 27 Jul Yogi Berri starts record 148 game errorless streak
  • 29 Jul Gas leak explodes in a beauty parlor, ten women die in Harrisonburg, Virginia, USA.
  • 30 Jul Cin Reds 16 game win streak ends, losing to New York Giants 5-4
  • 01 Aug Medium & The Telephone opens at Barrymore Theater NYC for 211 performances
  • 04 Aug The Supreme Court of Japan is established.
  • 05 Aug Netherlands ceases political action in Indonesia, due to UN pressure
  • 07 Aug Balsa raft Kon Tiki crashes into a Polynesian archipelago reef
  • 14 Aug Mildred Babe Didrikson Zaharias gives up amateur status for $300,000.
  • 15 Aug India declares independence from the UK, Islamic part becomes Pakistan
  • 16 Aug Ralph Kiner becomes 1st Pirate to hit 3 consecutive HRs
  • 17 Aug The Radcliffe Line, the border between Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan is revealed.
  • 18 Aug Naval torpedo and mine factory explodes at Cadiz, Spain, killing 168, injuring 4000.
  • 19 Aug J Arens and D van Dorpen synthetise vitamin A
  • 20 Aug Boston Braves hit a million attendance for 1st time
  • 21 Aug 1st Little League World Series Maynard Midgets of Williamsport PA win
  • 22 Aug 14th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 16, Chi Bears 0 (105,840)
  • 23 Aug The Prime Minister of Greece, Dimitrios Maximos, resigns.
  • 25 Aug Marion Carl in D-558-I sets world aircraft speech record, 1,047 km/h
  • 26 Aug 1st black baseball pitcher Don Bankhead (Hit a HR on 1st at bat)
  • 27 Aug When the French government lowers the daily bread ration to 200ampnbspgrams, causing riots in Verdun and in Le Mans.
  • 29 Aug Constantine Tsaldaris follows Maximos as Greece Premier
  • 30 Aug A fire at a movie theater in Rueil, a suburb of Paris, France kills 87 people.
  • 31 Aug Hungarian communist party wins election
  • 01 Sep New York Giants' 183-185 home run of year breaks New York Yankees' mark of 182 in 1936.
  • 03 Sep Philadelphia Athletics' Bill McCahan no-hits Washington Senators, 3-0.
  • 07 Sep Battles between Hindus and Moslems in New Delhi
  • 08 Sep British government sails Exodus with fugitives from Nazis
  • 09 Sep First actual case of a computer bug being found: a moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.
  • 10 Sep Hasan Saka forms the new government of Turkey. (16 th government)
  • 12 Sep Pirate Ralph Kiner hits his record 8th HR in 4 games
  • 13 Sep WPVI TV channel 6 in Philadelphia, PA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 14 Sep 61st US Womens Tennis: A Louise Brough beats M O duPont (86 46 61)
  • 15 Sep Yanks clinch pennant #15
  • 16 Sep John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 394.2 MPH.
  • 17 Sep Jackie Robinson is named Rookie of Year by Sporting News
  • 18 Sep National Security Act, passes
  • 19 Sep Jackie Robinson is named Rookie of the Year.
  • 22 Sep Dodgers clinch NL pennant
  • 26 Sep Happy Chandler announces Ford and Gillette to sponsor World Series.
  • 27 Sep Sweethearts closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 288 performances
  • 29 Sep Dizzy Gillespie presented his 1st Carnegie Hall concert in New York
  • 30 Sep Yanks beat Dodgers 5-3-largest WS crowd 73,365 - 1st WS televised
  • 01 Oct US control of Haitian customs and governmental revenue ends.
  • 02 Oct Music in My Heart opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 124 performances
  • 03 Oct Under the Counter opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 27 performances
  • 04 Oct Negro League World Series, New York Cubans beat Cleveland Buckeyes, 6-5
  • 05 Oct Al Gionfriddo makes a great catch off Joe Dimaggio in World Series
  • 06 Oct New York Yankees beat Brooklyn Dodgers 4 games to 3, in 44th World Series.
  • 07 Oct Larry MacPhail resigns as Yank GM after final game of World Series
  • 09 Oct High Button Shoes opens at Century Theater NYC for 727 performances
  • 10 Oct Allegro opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 318 performances
  • 11 Oct Brazil and Chile break diplomatic relations with USSR
  • 13 Oct Kukla, Fran & Ollie premieres
  • 14 Oct Dutch Queen Wilhelmina gives golden award to general Eisenhower
  • 19 Oct De Gaulles RPF wins French municipal elections
  • 20 Oct HUAC opens hearings into alleged Communist influence in Hollywood
  • 21 Oct Dutch Dakota explodes near Coopenhagen, 16 die
  • 23 Oct Husband and wife Dr Carl Cori and Dr Gerty Cori are 1st spouses to be awarded joint Nobel Prizes
  • 24 Oct Series of forest fires burn US$30 million of timber (New England States).
  • 25 Oct Under the Counter closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 27 performances
  • 26 Oct The Maharaja of Kashmir agrees to allow his kingdom to join India.
  • 27 Oct You Bet Your Life, with Groucho Marx, premieres on ABC radio
  • 29 Oct Belgium, Luxembourg and Netherlands form Benelux Union
  • 30 Oct 23 countries sign GATT agreement in Geneva
  • 01 Nov Medium & The Telephone closes at Barrymore NYC after 211 performances
  • 02 Nov 7th Ryder Cup: US wins 11-1 at Portland Country Club - Oregon
  • 06 Nov Meet the Press makes its television debut (the show went to a weekly schedule on September 12, 1948).
  • 09 Nov Junagadh is annexed as to Indian military intervention.
  • 10 Nov The arrest of four steel workers in Marseille begins a French communist riot that also spreads to Paris.
  • 12 Nov KPO-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KNBC (now KNBR)
  • 13 Nov Russia completes development of the AK-47, one of the first proper assault rifles
  • 15 Nov Bradman scores his 100th 100,172 vs. Indians at the SCG
  • 16 Nov 15,000 demonstrate in Brussels against mild sentence of Nazis
  • 17 Nov The U.S. Screen Actors Guild implements an anti-Communist loyalty oath.
  • 18 Nov The Ballantyne's Department Store fire in Christchurch, New Zealand, kills 41; it is the worst fire disaster in the history of New Zealand.
  • 19 Nov 200 mirror arrives at Mt Palomar
  • 20 Nov Meet the Press makes network TV debut on NBC
  • 21 Nov Bill Longson beats Lou Thesz in St. Louis, to become wrestling champ
  • 23 Nov French government of Schumann, forms
  • 24 Nov Un-American Activities Committee finds "Hollywood 10" in contempt because of their refusal to reveal whether they were communists.
  • 25 Nov Future Queen Elizabeth marries Prince Philip in Westminster Abbey
  • 27 Nov Joe DiMaggio wins his third Most Valuable Player, beating Ted Williams by one vote.
  • 29 Nov 35th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Calgary Stampeders, 10-9
  • 30 Nov Arab terrorist campaign opens in Palestine
  • 02 Dec 13th Heisman Trophy Award: Johnny Lujack, Notre Dame (quarterback).
  • 03 Dec Tennessee Williams' play A Streetcar Named Desire opens on Broadway, New York, at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre.
  • 04 Dec USSR joins International Amateur Athletic Union.
  • 05 Dec Joe Louis beats Jersey Joe Walcott in 15 rounds for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 06 Dec The Everglades National Park in Florida is dedicated.
  • 08 Dec Caribbean Carnival opens at International Theater NYC for 11 performances
  • 09 Dec French labor unions call off the general strike and re-commence negotiations with the French government.
  • 10 Dec USSR and Czechoslovakia sign trade agreement.
  • 11 Dec Angel in the Wings opens at Coronet Theater NYC for 308 performances
  • 12 Dec United Mine Workers union withdraws from AFL.
  • 13 Dec Caribbean Carnival closes at International NYC after 11 performances
  • 14 Dec Cleveland Browns beat the New York Yankees 14-3 in AAFC championship game
  • 16 Dec William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain build the first practical point-contact transistor.
  • 17 Dec New York struck by a blizzard, resulting with 27 of snow
  • 18 Dec Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Optissima Pax
  • 22 Dec Italian constituent assembly adopts new constitution.
  • 23 Dec Transistor invented by Bardeen, Brattain and Shockley in Bell Labs
  • 25 Dec Taiwan passes Human Rights laws (Day of Earth Law).
  • 26 Dec Cradle Will Ruck opens at Mansfield Theater NYC for 34 performances
  • 27 Dec 1st Howdy Doody Show, (Puppet Playhouse), telecast on NBC
  • 28 Dec Chicago Cardinals beat Philadelphia Eagles 28-21 in NFL championship game.
  • 29 Dec Ship carrying Jewish immigrants driven away from Palestine.
  • 30 Dec 36th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in New York (4-1).