1945

1945 was a year that the world will not forget, as it was the last year of the Second World War.

1945

In January, after retreating to his bunker in Berlin, Adolf Hitler took to the radio waves and made his last speech. The infamous Waffen-SS also began the evacuation of Auschwitz, one of the most gruesome concentration camps established by the Nazis in their short-lived Third Reich.

With the end of the war in sight, the Yalta Conference was held in February of 1945. The remaining three “great powers” of the Allies were represented by their respective heads of state: President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States, Prime Minister Winston Churchill of Great Britain, and Premier Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union. The purpose of the conference was to discuss post-war terms in order to ensure peace between the victorious Allies after the war with Germany had ended.

This was the year that two major heads of state died. With his enemies closing in around him, Adolf Hitler committed suicide in April in Berlin. American President Franklin D. Roosevelt also died in April. After winning four presidential elections, President Roosevelt died of a stroke in Warm Springs, Georgia at his personal retreat. After Roosevelt’s death, Vice President Harry S. Truman was sworn into office and became President.

In May of 1945, the Allies received the unconditional surrender of Germany, marking the end of the war in Europe. The day of German’s surrender was celebrated as “Victory in Europe Day.” The war continued in the Pacific theatre, though, with the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August. Japan formally surrendered in September, and the Allies celebrated the date of the surrender as Victory over Japan Day.

In a final major international development this year, the United Nations was founded in October.

Discover how the world looked like in 1945

Oscar

Oscar Winners

All Academy Awards Prize winners of the 18th edition of the Oscar ceremony


Best picture

The Lost Weekend

The Lost Weekend

The Lost Weekend

Directed by: Billy Wilder

Starring: Ray Milland, Jane Wyman, Phillip Terry, Howard Da Silva

Country: United States of America

Best director

Billy Wilder

The Lost Weekend

The Lost Weekend

Directed by: Billy Wilder

Starring: Ray Milland, Jane Wyman, Phillip Terry, Howard Da Silva

Country: United States of America

Best actor

Ray Milland

The Lost Weekend

The Lost Weekend

Directed by: Billy Wilder

Starring: Ray Milland, Jane Wyman, Phillip Terry, Howard Da Silva

Country: United States of America

Best actress

Joan Crawford

Mildred Pierce

Mildred Pierce

Directed by: Michael Curtiz

Starring: Joan Crawford, Jack Carson, Zachary Scott, Eve Arden

Country: United States of America

Best supporting actress

Anne Revere

National Velvet

National Velvet

Directed by: Clarence Brown

Starring: Mickey Rooney, Elizabeth Taylor, Donald Crisp, Anne Revere

Country: United States of America

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1945


Peace Prize

  • Cordell Hull

Literature

  • Gabriela Mistral

Physics

  • Wolfgang Pauli

Chemistry

  • Artturi Ilmari Virtanen

Physiology or Medicine

  • Alexander Fleming
  • Ernst Boris Chain
  • Howard Florey
vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1945?


Top #1 songs in the USA

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

Brief Encounter

Brief Encounter

Directed by: David Lean

Starring: Celia Johnson, Trevor Howard, Stanley Holloway, Joyce Carey

Country: United States of America

Mildred Pierce

Mildred Pierce

Directed by: Michael Curtiz

Starring: Joan Crawford, Jack Carson, Zachary Scott, Eve Arden

Country: United States of America

The Lost Weekend

The Lost Weekend

Directed by: Billy Wilder

Starring: Ray Milland, Jane Wyman, Phillip Terry, Howard Da Silva

Country: United States of America

Scarlet Street

Scarlet Street

Directed by: Fritz Lang

Starring: Edward G. Robinson, Joan Bennett, Dan Duryea, Margaret Lindsay

Country: United States of America

Leave Her to Heaven

Leave Her to Heaven

Directed by: John M. Stahl

Starring: Gene Tierney, Cornel Wilde, Jeanne Crain, Vincent Price

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1945 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1945?


Events

  • 01 Jan German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven / Saint-Trond / Brussels
  • 02 Jan Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955
  • 03 Jan British Premier Winston Churchill visits France
  • 04 Jan US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after kamikaze attack.
  • 05 Jan Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon Odor-able Kitty
  • 06 Jan Future President George Bush marries Barbara Pierce in Rye, New York
  • 07 Jan Lord Haw-Haw reports total German victory at Ardennen.
  • 08 Jan Youth for Christ organizes
  • 09 Jan US soldiers led by General Douglas MacArthur invade Philippines.
  • 10 Jan Baseball writers again fail to elect a new Hall of Famer.
  • 12 Jan US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Japanese ships in Battle of South China Sea.
  • 13 Jan WWII: A day after beginning the Vistula-Oder Offensive, the Soviets launch the East Prussian Offensive to eliminate German forces in East Prussia.
  • 15 Jan Make Mine Manhattan opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 429 performances
  • 16 Jan Scottish 52nd land division / 1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
  • 17 Jan Liberation of Warsaw by Soviet troops (end of Nazi occupation)
  • 18 Jan Warsaw freed by Soviet army
  • 19 Jan World War II: Soviet forces liberate the ?odz ghetto. Out more than 200,000 inhabitants in 1940, less than 900 had survived the Nazi occupation.
  • 20 Jan FDR sworn-in for an unprecedented 4th term as President
  • 21 Jan British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma.
  • 22 Jan Burma highway reopens
  • 23 Jan Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, offers his resignation.
  • 24 Jan Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg.
  • 25 Jan New York Yankees sold by Ruppert estate to Larry MacPhail, Dan Topping
  • 26 Jan Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
  • 27 Jan Russia liberates Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camp (Poland)
  • 28 Jan Gen Vinegar Joe Stillwell and truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
  • 30 Jan Wilhelm Gustloff torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 7,700 die
  • 31 Jan American Private Edward Donald Slovik, age 25, is executed by firing squad for desertion, the first such execution since the US Civil War.
  • 01 Feb US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie.
  • 02 Feb Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp.
  • 03 Feb Almost 1000 Flying Fortresses drop 3000 ton bombs on Berlin
  • 04 Feb FDR, Churchill and Stalin meet at Yalta
  • 05 Feb US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla, Philippines.
  • 06 Feb Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder.
  • 07 Feb US 76th / 5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
  • 08 Feb Allied air attack on Goch / Kleef / Kalkar / Reichswald
  • 09 Feb WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
  • 10 Feb WWII: The ''SS General von Steuben'' is sunk by the Soviet submarine S-13.
  • 11 Feb Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill and Stalin
  • 12 Feb San Francisco, California, selected for site of United Nations Conference.
  • 13 Feb Allied planes bomb Dresden Germany; 135,000 die
  • 14 Feb President Franklin D. Roosevelt meets with King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia aboard the USS Quincy, officially starting the U.S.-Saudi diplomatic relationship.
  • 16 Feb US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
  • 19 Feb 30,000 US Marines land on Iwo Jima
  • 21 Feb British Army captures Goch.
  • 22 Feb Arab League forms (Cairo, Egypt).
  • 23 Feb US Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo and statue
  • 24 Feb Egypt and Syria declares war on Nazi-Germany
  • 25 Feb US aircraft carriers attack Tokyo, Japan.
  • 26 Feb Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force.
  • 27 Feb Battle of US 94 Infantry
  • 28 Feb In Bucharest, a violent demonstration takes place, during which the ''bolşevic'' group opens fire on the army and protesters. In response, Andrei Y. Vishinsky, USSR vice commissioner of foreign affairs and president of the Allied Control Commission for Romania, travels to Bucharest to compel Nicolae Rădescu to resign as premier.
  • 01 Mar FDR announces success of Yalta Conference
  • 02 Mar King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government.
  • 03 Mar RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511.
  • 04 Mar Lapland War: Finland declares war on Nazi Germany.
  • 05 Mar Generals Eisenhower, Patton and Patch meet in Luneville
  • 06 Mar 117 SD-prisoners executed at Savage Farm.
  • 07 Mar US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen, Germany, crosses Rhine.
  • 08 Mar Kiss Me Kate opens in Britain
  • 09 Mar 334 US B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bomb
  • 10 Mar Japan declares Vietnam Independence
  • 11 Mar 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen with 4,662 ton bombs.
  • 12 Mar 30 Amsterdammers executed by German occupiers.
  • 13 Mar Queen Wilhelmina returns to the Netherlands
  • 14 Mar RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm.
  • 15 Mar 17th Academy Awards - Going my Way, Bing Cosby and Ingrid Bergman win
  • 16 Mar Allies secure Iwo Jima
  • 17 Mar Allied ships bomb North-Sumatra.
  • 18 Mar US Task Force 58 attacks targets on Kiushu.
  • 19 Mar 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan
  • 20 Mar US 70th Infantry division / 7th Armour division attack Saar
  • 21 Mar During WWII Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany
  • 22 Mar US third Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein.
  • 23 Mar British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine
  • 24 Mar Gen Eisenhower, Montgomery and Bradley discuss advance in Germany
  • 25 Mar US first army breaks out bridgehead near Remagen.
  • 26 Mar British Premier Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)
  • 27 Mar DePaul beats Bowling Green for NIT title.
  • 28 Mar Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London, England.
  • 29 Mar World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England.
  • 30 Mar USSR invades Austria during WWII
  • 31 Mar US artillery lands on Keise Shima; begins firing on Okinawa.
  • 01 Apr Ruhrgebied sealed off by US 1st and 9th army
  • 02 Apr First US units reach east coast of Okinawa, Japan.
  • 03 Apr US first army conquers Hofgeismar.
  • 04 Apr Hungary liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • 05 Apr Kuniaki Koiso resigns as Prime Minister of Japan; replaced by Kantaro Suzuki.
  • 06 Apr Japanese giant battleship Yamato heads to Okinawa
  • 07 Apr US planes intercept Japanese fleet heading for Okinawa on a suicide superbattleship Yamato and four destroyers were sunk
  • 08 Apr World War II: After an air raid accidentally destroys a train carrying about 4,000 Nazi concentration camp internees in Prussian Hanover, the survivors are massacred by Nazis.
  • 09 Apr Battleship Admiral Scheer sinks British aircraft carrier
  • 10 Apr Allies liberate 1st Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald (Czech)
  • 11 Apr Allied troops liberate Basket-Compascuum
  • 12 Apr Richard Strauss completes his Metamorphosis
  • 13 Apr Red Army occupy Wien (Vienna)
  • 14 Apr American planes bombed Tokyo and damaged the Imperial Palace
  • 15 Apr British Army liberates Belsen concentration camp
  • 16 Apr Red Army begins Battle of Berlin
  • 17 Apr German occupiers flood Wieringermeer, Netherlands.
  • 18 Apr Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken)
  • 19 Apr Rodgers and Hammerstein musical Carousel opens on Broadway
  • 20 Apr Soviet troops enter Berlin, Germany.
  • 21 Apr He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die
  • 22 Apr Concentration camp at Sachsenhausen liberated.
  • 23 Apr Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated.
  • 24 Apr Delegates of 46 countries gather in SF (to discuss UN)
  • 25 Apr Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany
  • 26 Apr World War II: Battle of Bautzen : last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht.
  • 27 Apr Italian partisans capture Mussolini prisoner
  • 28 Apr US 5th army reaches Swiss border.
  • 29 Apr 1st food drop by RAF above Nazi-occupied Holland (operation Manna)
  • 30 Apr Arthur Godfrey Time begins a 27 year run on CBS radio
  • 01 May Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WWII
  • 02 May Dutch Queen Wilhelmina and Princess Juliana reach Gilze-Rijen
  • 03 May German ship Cap Arcona sinks in East Sea, 5,800 killed
  • 04 May German troops in the Netherlands, Denmark and Norway surrender
  • 05 May Netherlands and Denmark liberated from Nazi control
  • 07 May British troops pull into Utrecht Neth
  • 08 May Gen Von Keitel surrenders to Marshal Zhukov
  • 09 May Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day)
  • 10 May Russian troops occupied Prague
  • 11 May US marines conquer Awatsha Draw, Okinawa, Japan.
  • 12 May Argentinian labour leader Jose Peter declares the Federacion Obrera de la Industria de la Carne dissolved.
  • 13 May US troops conquer Dakeshi, Okinawa, Japan.
  • 14 May Kamikaze-Zero strikes US aircraft carrier Enterprise.
  • 15 May World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia.
  • 16 May Violent battles around Sugar Loaf/Half Moon Okinawa, Japan.
  • 17 May Two US P-47 Thunderbolts bomb Kiushu, Japan.
  • 21 May Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bogart wed.
  • 22 May US 6th Marine division reaches suburbs of Naha, Okinawa, Japan.
  • 23 May Winston Churchill resigns as British Prime Minister
  • 26 May US drop fire bombs on Tokyo
  • 28 May William Joyce (quotLord Haw-Hawquot) is captured. He is later charged with high treason in London for his English-language wartime broadcasts on German radio, convicted, and then hanged in January 1946.
  • 29 May US 1st Marine Division conquors Shuri-castle Okinawa, Japan.
  • 30 May The Iranian government demands that all Soviet and British troops leave the country.
  • 01 Jun WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minn changes call letters to KUOM
  • 02 Jun Audie Murphy is awarded the Medal of Honor.
  • 04 Jun 6th Marine division occupies Orokoe Peninsula Okinawa
  • 05 Jun Opera Peter Grimes of Benjamin Britten, premieres in London
  • 06 Jun Free People premieres in Amsterdam
  • 07 Jun King Haakon VII of Norway returns with his family to Oslo after five years in exile.
  • 09 Jun Gruesome Twosome, premieres in USA
  • 10 Jun US destroyer William D Porter (Willie Dee) sunk by kamikaze
  • 12 Jun US 7th Marine regiment conquer summit of Kunishi Ridge, Okinawa
  • 13 Jun Heerjansdam soccer team forms
  • 15 Jun ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam
  • 16 Jun 71st Preakness: Wayne D Wright aboard Polynesian wins in 1:58.8
  • 17 Jun Day of Unity in West Germany (National Day)
  • 21 Jun US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa during WWII
  • 22 Jun World War II: The Battle of Okinawa ends when organised resistance of Imperial Japanese Army forces collapses in the Mabuni area on the southern tip of the main island.
  • 23 Jun 77th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Pavot wins in 2:30.2
  • 24 Jun Schermerhorn government forms
  • 25 Jun Allied landing at Ternate Molukkas
  • 26 Jun UN Charter signed by 50 nations in San Francisco
  • 27 Jun Foundation 1940-45 established
  • 28 Jun Polish Provisional Government of National Unity set up by Soviets.
  • 29 Jun 20.6 cm rainfall at Litchville North Dakota (state record)
  • 30 Jun 17-day newspaper strike in New York begins
  • 01 Jul 1st of the superstars returns from the WWII, Hank Greenberg homers
  • 02 Jul The Okinawa campaign is declared over. Total US casualties are 80,000 (dead, wounded, missing, non-combat sickness). Total Japanese casualties are 120,000.
  • 05 Jul Labour Party wins British parliamentary election
  • 06 Jul Nicaragua becomes first nation to formally accept United Nations Charter.
  • 08 Jul WWII: Harry S. Truman is informed that Japan will talk peace if it can retain the reign of the Emperor.ref name=quotnuclearfiles1940quot/
  • 09 Jul A forest fire breaks out in the Tillamook Burn (the third in that area since 1933).
  • 10 Jul Lieutenant Admiral Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff
  • 12 Jul Cubs stop Braves Tommy Holmes modern-day NL hitting streak at 37 games
  • 13 Jul 1st atom bomb explodes in New Mexico
  • 14 Jul Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan
  • 15 Jul 27th PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Morraine Country Club - Dayton Ohio
  • 16 Jul 1st atomic bomb detonated, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico
  • 17 Jul Potsdam Conference (FDR, Stalin, Churchill) holds 1st meeting
  • 19 Jul Edwin Schlossberg, husband of Carolyn Kennedy
  • 21 Jul Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia Athletics play 24 innings 1-1 tie.
  • 23 Jul The post-war legal processes against Philippe Petain begin.
  • 24 Jul US destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam
  • 26 Jul After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes Prime Minister
  • 27 Jul Cubs purchase pitcher Hank Borowy from New York Yankees
  • 28 Jul Japanese Premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender
  • 29 Jul After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed and sunk by a Japanese submarine
  • 30 Jul Philippines Sea: US cruiser Indianapolis torpedoed / sinks, 880 die
  • 31 Jul Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.
  • 01 Aug Mel Ott is 1st in NL to hit 500th HR (joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx)
  • 02 Aug Potsdam Conference ended, with Stalin, Truman and Churchill
  • 04 Aug Golfer Byron Nelson records most tournament wins (18) in a season.
  • 05 Aug Atom Bomb dropped on Hiroshima (August 6th in Japan)
  • 06 Aug Hiroshima Peace Day-atom bomb dropped on Hiroshima by Enola Gay
  • 07 Aug The United Nations Charter is ratified by the United States Senate, and this nation becomes the third one to join the new international organization.
  • 08 Aug England and Aust Services draw 4th Victory Test
  • 09 Aug US drops 2nd atomic bomb Fat Man on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki
  • 10 Aug Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged
  • 11 Aug Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito.
  • 13 Aug 35 Jews sacrifice their lives to blow up Nazi rubber plant in Silesia
  • 14 Aug V-J Day; Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WWII
  • 15 Aug A riot ensued in SF while the city was celebrating the end of WWII
  • 16 Aug An assassination attempt is made on Japan's prime minister, Kantaro Suzuki.
  • 17 Aug Indonesia (Dutch E Indies) declares independence from Netherlands
  • 18 Aug Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds and Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off
  • 19 Aug Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs. Reds andwins
  • 20 Aug Dodgers Tommy Brown, 17, is youngest player to hit a HR
  • 21 Aug US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program.
  • 22 Aug Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Aust Services at Old Trafford
  • 24 Aug Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy and strike out 12
  • 25 Aug Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine.
  • 27 Aug US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender.
  • 29 Aug British liberate Hong Kong from Japan
  • 30 Aug 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)
  • 31 Aug The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies.
  • 01 Sep Japan surrenders ending WWII (US date, 9 / 2 in Japan)
  • 02 Sep 59th US Womens Tennis: Sarah P Cooke beats Pauline Betz (36 86 64)
  • 03 Sep 65th US Mens Tennis: Sgt Frank A Parker beats Wm Talbert (14-12 61 62)
  • 04 Sep Ruben Fine wins four simultaneous rapid chess games blindfolded.
  • 05 Sep (2030 hours) Igor Gouzenko, a cipher clerk at the Soviet embassy in Ottawa, Canada, leaves the embassy with 109 top secret documents, seeking political asylum rather than return to the Soviet Union.
  • 07 Sep Japanese at Rioekioe-islands surrender
  • 08 Sep Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during most of WWII, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal attempt fails, later he is hanged
  • 09 Sep 1st bug in a computer program discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweasers from a relay and taped into the log
  • 10 Sep KLS-AM in Oakland Ca changes call letters to KWBR (now KDIA)
  • 11 Sep World War II: Australian 9th Division forces liberate the Japanese-run Batu Lintang camp, a POW and civilian internment camp on the island of Borneo.
  • 12 Sep The Japanese Army formally surrenders to the British in Singapore.
  • 15 Sep A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond.
  • 16 Sep Barometric pressure at 856mb (25.55 inches) off Okinawa, Japan (record low).
  • 18 Sep 1000 whites walk out of Gary, Indiana, schools to protest integration.
  • 19 Sep Kim Il Sung arrives in harbor of Wonsan, Korea
  • 20 Sep German rocket engineers begin work in US.
  • 22 Sep Stan Musial gets five hits off five pitchers on five consecutive pitches.
  • 26 Sep All old Dutch banknotes declared invalid
  • 28 Sep Mildred Price starring Joan Crawford opens at Strand
  • 29 Sep Cubs clinch NL pennant
  • 30 Sep The Bourne End rail crash, in Hertfordshire, England, kills 43
  • 01 Oct Heavyweight champ Joe Louis is discharged from army
  • 02 Oct George Albert Smith becomes president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
  • 03 Oct Tigers and Cubs meet in World Series for 4th time
  • 04 Oct The Partizan Belgrade sports society is founded in Belgrade, Serbia.
  • 05 Oct Meet the Press premieres on radio
  • 06 Oct Memorial for executed unveiled in Terbregge
  • 08 Oct US President Harry Truman announces atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada.
  • 09 Oct British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
  • 10 Oct Detroit Tigers beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 3 in 42nd World Series.
  • 11 Oct JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere)
  • 12 Oct World War II: Desmond Doss is the first conscientious objector to receive the U.S. Medal of Honor.
  • 14 Oct Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Chicago Bears.
  • 15 Oct Baseball Attendance hits record 10.28 million (Tigers 1.28 is highest)
  • 16 Oct The Food and Agriculture Organization is founded in Quebec City, Canada.
  • 18 Oct Nazi war crime trial opens in Nuremberg
  • 20 Oct Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens trial of Neurenberg
  • 21 Oct Argentine military officer and politician Juan Peron marries actress Eva Peron.
  • 23 Oct Jackie Robinson signs a contract with the Montreal Royals.
  • 24 Oct Charter of United Nations of force became
  • 25 Oct Japanese surrender Taiwan to General Chiang Kai-shek.
  • 27 Oct Carib Song closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 36 performances
  • 29 Oct 1st ball point pen goes on sale, 57 years after it is patented
  • 30 Oct Branch Rickey signs Jackie Robinson to a Montreal Royals
  • 01 Nov 1st issue of Ebony magazine published by John H Johnson
  • 05 Nov Colombia joins the United Nations.
  • 06 Nov HUAC begins investigation of 7 radio commentators
  • 08 Nov Girl from Nantucket opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • 09 Nov Soo bahk do Moo Duk Kwan is founded.
  • 10 Nov Are You with It? opens at Century Theater NYC for 264 performances
  • 12 Nov Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN)
  • 13 Nov Australian Services draw 1st Victory Test against India
  • 14 Nov Java: Sutan Sjahrir appointed as forming government
  • 15 Nov The rules are revised for election of modern players to the Hall of
  • 16 Nov Yeshiva College (University), chartered in New York, first US Jewish College.
  • 17 Nov Girl from Nantucket closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • 20 Nov 24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany
  • 21 Nov General Motors' workers go on strike.
  • 22 Nov Day before Spring opens at National Theater NYC for 167 performances
  • 23 Nov Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat and butter, ends
  • 26 Nov During snow storm, school bus crashes, killing 15 (Washington).
  • 27 Nov Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft re-buried in presence of Queen Wilhelmina
  • 28 Nov An earthquake in Balochistan (Pakistan) causes a tsunami and kills 4,000.
  • 29 Nov Yugoslavian Socialist Republic proclaimed
  • 30 Nov 33rd CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Winn Blue Bombers, 35-0
  • 01 Dec CFL Grey Cup: Toronto beats Winnipeg, 35-0 at Toronto
  • 03 Dec Communist demonstrations in Athens presage the Greek Civil War.
  • 04 Dec US Senate approves US participation in United Nations.
  • 05 Dec Lost Squadron crashes east of Florida (Bermuda Triangle)
  • 07 Dec Microwave oven patented.
  • 10 Dec Preston Tucker reveals plan to produce the Torpedo, a new 150 MPH car.
  • 11 Dec Het Parool publishes first "Captain Rob" Dutch comic strip.
  • 12 Dec Special Court of justice convicts NSB-leader Mussert to death.
  • 15 Dec Occupation of Japan: General Douglas MacArthur orders that Shinto be abolished as the state religion of Japan.
  • 16 Dec Cleveland Rams win NFL championship.
  • 18 Dec Uruguay joins the United Nations.
  • 19 Dec Austrian Republic re-establishes.
  • 20 Dec Rationing of auto tires ends in US.
  • 21 Dec Billion Dollar Baby opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 219 performances
  • 23 Dec Frederick Astons Cinderella premieres in London
  • 26 Dec CFP franc and CFA franc are created.
  • 27 Dec International Monetary Fund established - World Bank founded.
  • 28 Dec The United States Congress officially recognizes the Pledge of Allegiance.
  • 31 Dec Ratification of United Nations Charter completed.