1939

The year 1939 marked the beginnings of World War Two and another year in the twelve-year presidency of Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

1939

In these twelve months, world censuses estimated a world population of roughly 2.3 billion. This number continued to grow throughout the year. The names chosen most often by new parents happened to be Robert and Mary. Included amongst this year’s newborns were famous actor, Ian McKellen; famous fashion designer, Ralph Lauren; well-known assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald; and well-known songstress, Tina Turner.

Those that passed from the mortal coil in 1939 included Amelia Earhart, Pope Pius XI, Sigmund Freud, and Howard Carter. These 365 days saw changes to warfare, wartime alliances, and European diplomatic relationships. The most popular novels happened to be Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath and Christie’s And Then There Were None. For people who preferred popcorn munching to page turning, cinemas saw popular premieres of movies such as Gone With the Wind, The Wizard of Oz, and Mr. Smith Goes to Washington. For a more in-depth view of what exactly made 1939 unique, keep on reading.

People cognizant of happenings in these twelve months saw many firsts. These included the first rocket test, the first female dean of a US graduate school, the first nylon stocking, the first US food stamp issued, and the first animal (a rabbit) conceived via artificial insemination. In addition, patents were filed for the helicopter and electron microscope.

DC debuted its Superman and Batman comics to the delight of nerds the world over. Overseas, Paris witnessed its last execution via guillotine. All this progress existed beneath the growing shadow of World War II. This world watched as Germany established a short-lived alliance with Russia and Italy. Britain saw the horrors of the first Luftwaffe airstrike. The US maintained its neutrality as Canada and other nations declared war against the Nazis. A failed request for peace by Pope Pius XII signaled one thing: World War II was there to stay.

If you’re currently clad in Batman-centric pajamas, or use a microscope every time you go to work, you need to toss a salute at 1939.

Discover how the world looked like in 1939

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

Mr. Smith Goes to Washington

Mr. Smith Goes to Washington

Directed by: Frank Capra

Starring: James Stewart, Jean Arthur, Claude Rains, Edward Arnold

Country: United States of America

Ninotchka

Ninotchka

Directed by: Ernst Lubitsch

Starring: Greta Garbo, Melvyn Douglas, Ina Claire, Bela Lugosi

Country: United States of America

Stagecoach

Stagecoach

Directed by: John Ford

Starring: John Wayne, Claire Trevor, Andy Devine, John Carradine

Country: United States of America

The Roaring Twenties

The Roaring Twenties

Directed by: Raoul Walsh

Starring: James Cagney, Humphrey Bogart, Priscilla Lane, Gladys George

Country: United States of America

Goodbye, Mr. Chips

Goodbye, Mr. Chips

Directed by: Sam Wood, Sidney Franklin

Starring: Robert Donat, Greer Garson, Terry Kilburn, John Mills

Country: United States of America

vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1939?


Top #1 songs in the USA

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1939 in the USA ?

Top #10 male names
  1. Robert
  2. James
  3. John
  4. William
  5. Richard
  6. Charles
  7. David
  8. Donald
  9. Thomas
  10. Ronald
Top #10 female names
  1. Mary
  2. Barbara
  3. Patricia
  4. Betty
  5. Shirley
  6. Carol
  7. Nancy
  8. Judith
  9. Dorothy
  10. Margaret
history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1939?


Events

  • 01 Jan William Hewlett and David Packard found Hewlett-Packard in the USA.
  • 03 Jan Gene Cox becomes 1st girl page in US House of Representatives
  • 04 Jan Frieda Wunderlich elected 1st woman Dean of a US graduate school
  • 05 Jan Felix Frankfurter is appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court. Frankfurter had been born in Vienna, Austria and immigrated to the U.S. with his family at age 12.
  • 06 Jan ''Naturwissenschaften'' publishes evidence that nuclear fission has been achieved by Otto Hahn.
  • 07 Jan US workers' union leader Tom Mooney freed (jailed since 1916).
  • 13 Jan Belgian premier signs Burgos-treaty for trade relations with Franco.
  • 14 Jan All commercial ferry service to East Bay ends
  • 15 Jan Municipal Railway and Market St. RR begin service to Transbay Terminal
  • 16 Jan Comic strip Superman debuts in the USA.
  • 17 Jan Ed Barrow is elected New York Yankees president succeeding deceased J Ruppert.
  • 19 Jan Ernest Hausen of Wisconsin, USA sets chicken-plucking record-4.4 seconds.
  • 21 Jan US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer.
  • 22 Jan Aquatic Park, near Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco California, is dedicated.
  • 23 Jan quotDutch War Scarequot: Admiral Wilhelm Canaris of the ''Abwehr'' leaks misinformation to the effect that Germany plans to invade the Netherlands in February, with the aim of using Dutch air-fields to launch a strategic bombing offensive against Britain. The quotDutch War Scarequot leads to a major change in British policies towards Europe.
  • 24 Jan 30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile.
  • 25 Jan Joe Louis knocks out John Henry Lewis in one round for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 26 Jan Filming begins on Gone With the Wind
  • 27 Jan First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.
  • 30 Jan Hitler calls for extermination of European Jews
  • 02 Feb Hungary joins the Anti-Comintern Pact.
  • 04 Feb Glenn Cunningham (top miler) says 4-minute mile beyond human effort.
  • 05 Feb Generalisimo Francisco Franco becomes the 68th ''Caudillo de Espana'', or Leader of Spain.
  • 06 Feb Spanish government flees to France.
  • 09 Feb Belgian Spaak government falls.
  • 10 Feb Spanish Nationalists complete their offensive in Catalonia.
  • 11 Feb A Lockheed XP-38 flies from California to New York in 7 hours 2 minutes.
  • 14 Feb Victor Fleming replaces George Cukor as Director of Gone With the Wind
  • 15 Feb German battleship Bismarck was launched
  • 17 Feb Katwijk soccer team forms.
  • 18 Feb Golden Gate International Exposition opens on Treasure Island, San Francisco, California.
  • 21 Feb Belgian government of Pierlot forms.
  • 22 Feb Netherlands recognizes Franco-regime in Spain.
  • 23 Feb Lou Thesz beats E Marshall in Saint Louis, Missouri, USA to become wrestling champion.
  • 27 Feb US Supreme Court outlaws sit-down strikes.
  • 28 Feb The erroneous word ''dord'' is discovered in the Webster's New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation.
  • 01 Mar A Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump explodes at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94.
  • 02 Mar Massachusetts Legislature votes to ratify the Bill of Rights; 147 years late.
  • 03 Mar In Mumbai, Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest at the autocratic rule in India.
  • 07 Mar Glamour magazine begins publishing
  • 12 Mar Pope Pius XII crowned in Vatican ceremonies.
  • 14 Mar Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia
  • 15 Mar Hitler occupies Bohemia and Moravia (Czechoslovakia); Slovakia independ
  • 16 Mar Germany occupies Czechoslovakia
  • 17 Mar Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and Japan begins,
  • 18 Mar American President Franklin Roosevelt imposes punitive tariffs on imports from Germany.
  • 19 Mar Hitler sends a registered letter to the government of Lithuania stating that Germany intends to annex the port of Memel.
  • 20 Mar 7,000 Jews flee German occupied Memel Lithuania.
  • 21 Mar Nazi-Germany demands Gdansk (Danzig) from Poland
  • 22 Mar Lithuania state, forced to give Memel territory to Germany
  • 23 Mar The Hungarian air force attacks the headquarters of Slovak air force in the city of Spisska Nova Ves, kills 13 people and began the Slovak : Hungarian War.
  • 24 Mar Marks the seventh successive year of the world wide boycott of all German exports initiated by front page declarations in Britain and the U.S. 'Judea declares war on Germany'
  • 25 Mar Billboard Magazine introduces hillbilly (country) music chart.
  • 28 Mar Dutch hunter shoots English bombers down.
  • 30 Mar The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets a world airspeed record of 463 mph.
  • 31 Mar Britain and France agree to support Poland if invaded by Germany
  • 01 Apr US recognizes Franco government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war.
  • 02 Apr 6th Golf Masters Championship: Ralph Guldahl wins, shooting a 279.
  • 03 Apr Adolf Hitler orders the German military to start planning for Fall Weiss, the codename for the invasion of Poland.
  • 05 Apr Membership in Hitler Youth becomes obligatory in Germany.
  • 06 Apr Great Britain and Poland sign military pact.
  • 07 Apr World War II: Italy invades Albania.
  • 08 Apr King Zog I of Albania, flees
  • 09 Apr Marian Anderson sings at the Lincoln Memorial, after having been refused the right to sing at the Daughters of the American Revolution's Constitution Hall.
  • 10 Apr Grens mobilization due to Italian invasion in Albania
  • 11 Apr Hungary leaves League of Nations.
  • 13 Apr Britain offers a quotguaranteequot to Romania and Greece.
  • 14 Apr John Steinbeck novel The Grapes of Wrath published
  • 15 Apr Albert Lebrun elected President of France.
  • 16 Apr Stanley Cup: Boston Bruins beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 1.
  • 17 Apr Joe Louis knocks out Jack Roper in one for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 18 Apr Franz von Papen becomes German ambassador in Turkey.
  • 19 Apr Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late).
  • 20 Apr New York World's Fair opens.
  • 23 Apr Boston Red Sox Ted Williams hits his 1st HR
  • 25 Apr The Federal Security Agency (FSA) is founded in the USA, along with the Civilian Conservation Corps and Public Health Service.
  • 27 Apr Ely Racecourse in Cardiff closes.
  • 28 Apr Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect
  • 29 Apr Whitestone Bridge connecting Bronx and Queens opens (New York).
  • 30 Apr Tropicana ballet of Havana, Cuba forms.
  • 01 May Batman comics hit street
  • 02 May Vyacheslav Molotov succeeds Maxim Litvinov as Soviet Foreign Commissar.
  • 03 May The All India Forward Bloc is formed by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
  • 05 May Flash floods kill 75 in Northeast Kentucky, USA.
  • 06 May 65th Kentucky Derby: James Stout aboard Johnstown wins in 2:03.4.
  • 07 May Germany and Italy announce an alliance known as the Rome-Berlin Axis.
  • 09 May Catholic church beatifies the first Native American, Kateri Tekakwitha.
  • 13 May SS St. Louis departs Hamburg with 937 Jews fugitives
  • 14 May Lina Medina, a 5-year old Peruvian girl, gives birth to a baby boy, becoming the youngest confirmed mother in medical history.
  • 16 May 1st AL night game, Philadelphia Shribe Park (Indians 8, Athletics 3 in 10)
  • 17 May The Columbia Lions and the Princeton Tigers play in the United States' first televised sporting event, a collegiate baseball game in New York City.
  • 20 May 3 Little Fishies, by Kay Kyser hits #1
  • 21 May The Canadian National War Memorial is unveiled by King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in Ottawa.
  • 22 May Hitler and Mussolini sign Pact of Steel
  • 23 May Dmitri Shostakovitch appointed Professor at Conservatory of Leningrad
  • 25 May Carl Storck becomes the second NFL president.
  • 29 May Albanian fascist leader Tefik Mborja is appointed as member of the Italian Chamber of Fasces and Corporations.
  • 01 Jun 1st boxing match to be televised, Lon Nova defeats Max Baer
  • 03 Jun 71st Belmont: James Stout aboard Johnstown wins in 2:29.6
  • 04 Jun Holocaust: The MS St. Louis, a ship carrying 963 Jewish refugees, is denied permission to land in Florida, United States, after already being turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, more than 200 of its passengers later die in Nazi concentration camps.
  • 06 Jun New York Giants beat Reds 17-3, with 5 HRs in 4th inning
  • 07 Jun Cleveland Indians set American League record of 16-inning game without striking out, however lose game 5-4 to New York Yankees.
  • 08 Jun British King George VI visits US
  • 10 Jun Barney Bear, cartoon character, by MGM, debuts
  • 11 Jun King and Queen of England taste first "hot dogs" at US President Franklin Roosevelt's party.
  • 12 Jun 43rd US Golf Open: Byron Nelson shoots a 284 at Philadelphia Country Club
  • 14 Jun Tientsin Incident: The Japanese blockade the British concession in Tianjin, China, beginning a crisis which almost causes an Anglo-Japanese war in the summer of 1939.
  • 17 Jun Last public guillotining in France: Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, is guillotined in Versailles outside the Saint-Pierre prison.
  • 20 Jun Test flight of first rocket plane using liquid propellants.
  • 21 Jun Doctors reveal Lou Gehrig has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  • 22 Jun Future Queen Elizabeth of England meets future husband Philip
  • 23 Jun Bronko Nagurski beats Lou Thesz in Houston, to become wrestling champ
  • 24 Jun Siam is renamed to Thailand by Plaek Pibulsonggram, the country's third prime minister.
  • 27 Jun Brooklyn Dodgers tie Boston Braves, 2-2, in 23 innings
  • 28 Jun Joe Louis TKOs Tony Galent in 4 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 29 Jun 4th Dutch government of Colijn falls
  • 02 Jul The 1st World Science Fiction Convention opens in New York City.
  • 03 Jul Lou Gehrig day; baseball player Gehrig makes "luckiest man" speech.
  • 04 Jul Lou Gehrig, recently diagnosed with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, tells a crowd at Yankee Stadium that he considers himself ''The luckiest man on the face of the earth'' as he announces his retirement from major league baseball.
  • 06 Jul Holocaust: the last remaining Jewish enterprises in Germany are closed.
  • 07 Jul 52nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Kay Stammers (62 60)
  • 08 Jul 59th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bobby Riggs beats E Cooke (26 86 36 63 62)
  • 11 Jul 7th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-1 at Yankee Stadium, New York New York Yankee / AL maanager Joe McCarthy starts 6 Yankees
  • 13 Jul Frank Sinatra made his recording debut
  • 15 Jul Clara Adams (NYC) is 1st woman to complete round world flight
  • 17 Jul 22nd PGA Championship: Henry Picard at Pomonok Country Club - Flushing, New York
  • 19 Jul Dr Roy P Scholz is 1st surgeon to use fiberglass sutures
  • 22 Jul 1st black woman judge (Jane Matilda Bolin-NYC)
  • 23 Jul Mahatma Gandhi the spiritual leader from India writes a personal letter to Adolf Hitler addressing him quotMy friendquot, requesting to prevent any possible war.
  • 25 Jul 5th and last Dutch government of Colijn, forms
  • 26 Jul Yankee catcher Bill Dickey hits 3 consecutive HRs
  • 27 Jul The first recorded snowfall in Auckland, New Zealand since records began in 1853.
  • 28 Jul 5th Dutch government of Colijn falls
  • 02 Aug Hatch Act prohibits political activity by federal workers.
  • 03 Aug Jean Genets Ondine, premieres in Paris
  • 04 Aug Neville Chamberlain dismisses Parliament until October 3.
  • 06 Aug 1st broadcast of Dinah Shore Show on NBC-radio
  • 10 Aug 2nd Dutch De Geer government forms (1st with Social Democrats)
  • 11 Aug Sergei Rachmaninovs last appearance in Europe
  • 13 Aug Sabotage suspected in crash of the City of San Francisco which fell into the Humboldt River killing 24. (Elko, Nevada).
  • 15 Aug In 1st night game at Comiskey Park, Sox beat Browns 5-2
  • 17 Aug The Wizard of Oz movie opens at Loew's Capitol Theater in New York.
  • 19 Aug 37.6 cm rainfall at Tuckerton, New Jersey (state record)
  • 20 Aug 1st black bowling league formed (National Bowling Association)
  • 22 Aug Dutch border guards take positions for German invasion
  • 23 Aug John Cobb (Britain) drives 365.85 mph (593.48 km/h) at Bonneville Flats
  • 24 Aug Germany and the USSR sign 10-year non-aggression pact
  • 25 Aug The United Kingdom and Poland form a military alliance in which the UK promises to defend Poland in case of invasion by a foreign power.
  • 26 Aug 1st major league baseball telecast-Reds beat Brooklyn Dodgers (W2XBS NY)
  • 27 Aug Erich Warsitz makes 1st jet-propelled flight (in a Heinkel He-178)
  • 28 Aug Monty becomes Commandant of 3rd Iron Infantry division
  • 29 Aug Chaim Weizmann informs England that Palestine Jews will fight in war.
  • 30 Aug 6th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: New York Giants 9, All-Stars 0 (81,456)
  • 31 Aug Japanese invasion army driven out of Mongolia
  • 01 Sep Hitler orders extermination of mentally ill
  • 02 Sep The German-American League for Culture in Cleveland, Ohio, representing 103,000 German-Americans, issues a resolution calling on German people to rise up and defeat Adolf Hitler.
  • 03 Sep Britain declares war on Germany. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Canada
  • 04 Sep German submarine U-30 sinks British passenger ship Athenia
  • 05 Sep 34th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in Haverford (3-2)
  • 06 Sep 1st German air attack on Great-Britain in WWII
  • 07 Sep Radio New York Worldwide-WRUL begins radio transmission
  • 08 Sep FDR declares limited national emergency due to war in Europe
  • 09 Sep Nazi army reaches Warsaw
  • 10 Sep In WWII, Canada declared war on Germany
  • 11 Sep Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw
  • 13 Sep Igor Stravinsky invents 1st helicopter
  • 14 Sep British fleet attacks German U-39 boat
  • 15 Sep WWII: Diverse elements of the German Wehrmacht surround Warsaw and demand its surrender. The Poles refuse and the siege begins in earnest.
  • 16 Sep 53rd US Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Helen Hull Jacobs (60 810 64)
  • 17 Sep German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die
  • 18 Sep Polish government of Moscicki flees to Romania
  • 19 Sep British Expeditionary Force reaches France
  • 20 Sep British fleet takes German U-27 boat
  • 21 Sep Reinhard Heydrich meets in Berlin to discuss final solution of Jews
  • 22 Sep Joint victory parade of Wehrmacht and Red Army in Brest-Litovsk at the end of the Invasion of Poland.
  • 23 Sep Cookie Lavagetto goes 6 for 6; Brooklyn Dodgers get 27 hits and beat Philadelphia Phillies 22-4.
  • 25 Sep German Luftwaffe strikes Warsaw with (fire)bombs
  • 26 Sep German seaplane shoots KLM-aircraft (1 killed)
  • 27 Sep Warsaw Poland, surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance
  • 28 Sep Estonia accepts Soviet military bases
  • 29 Sep Gerald J. Cox, speaking at an American Water Works Association meeting, becomes the first person to publicly propose the fluoridation of public water supplies in the United States.
  • 30 Sep 41 U-boats sunk this month (153,000 ton)
  • 01 Oct Churchill calls Soviets riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma
  • 02 Oct Birdbaths installed in Union Square, San Francisco
  • 03 Oct Lemmer-Urk Dike closes
  • 04 Oct Last Polish troops surrender
  • 06 Oct Adolf Hitler denies he intends to go to war against France and Britain
  • 07 Oct HALL airship Binnendijk runs up German my
  • 08 Oct New York Yankees sweep Cincinnati Reds in 36th World Series, fourth straight World Series win.
  • 11 Oct Albert Einstein informs FDR of possibilities of atomic bomb
  • 14 Oct BMI (Broadcast Music Incorporated) formed
  • 15 Oct Yeshiva of Mir closes after 124 years
  • 16 Oct Sugar rationing begins in the Netherlands
  • 18 Oct R Rodgers and Lorenz Harts Too Many Girls, premieres in New York City
  • 20 Oct All the Things You Are recorded by Tommy Dorsey Orchestra
  • 22 Oct 1st TV NFL game-Eagles vs. Dodgers
  • 24 Oct Joe DiMaggio wins AL MVP, Jimmie Foxx is runner-up
  • 25 Oct Nylon stockings go on sale in US for 1st time
  • 26 Oct Polish Jewish forced into obligatory work service
  • 28 Oct Anti-German demonstrations / strikes in Czechoslovakia
  • 29 Oct NHL Babe Seibert Memorial Game: All-Stars beat Montreal 5-3
  • 30 Oct German U-boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound and Charles Forbes aboard
  • 31 Oct 27 U-boats sunk this month (135,000 ton)
  • 01 Nov Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sertum laetitiae
  • 04 Nov US allows cash & carry arms sales during WWII
  • 06 Nov WRGB TV channel 6 in Schenectady-Alby-Troy, New York (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • 08 Nov In Munich, Adolf Hitler narrowly escapes the assassination attempt of Georg Elser while celebrating the 16th anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch.
  • 09 Nov Ninotchka, with Greta Garbo premieres
  • 11 Nov Kate Smith first sings Irving Berlin's "God Bless America".
  • 14 Nov Oil refinery fire kills 500 and destroys Lagunillas, Venezuela.
  • 15 Nov Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia
  • 16 Nov Al Capone freed from Alcatraz jail
  • 17 Nov German U-boat torpedoes passenger ship
  • 18 Nov Netherlands KNSM passenger ship Simon Bolivar hits German mine, 86 die
  • 19 Nov Don Lash wins 6th straight Amateur Athletic Union cross-country 10km championship.
  • 23 Nov Nazi Gov of Poland Hans Frank requires Jews to wear a blue star
  • 26 Nov 4 soviet soldiers killed on Finnish-Russian border
  • 28 Nov Nazi Governor-General of Poland, Hans Frank organizes Judenrat
  • 29 Nov Cor Klint swims world record 200 m backstroke (2:38.8)
  • 30 Nov 21 U-boats sunk this month (52,000 ton)
  • 02 Dec New York's La Guardia Airport begins operations as an airliner from Chicago lands, one minute after midnight.
  • 04 Dec World War II: HMS Nelson is struck by a mine (laid by U-31) off the Scottish coast and is laid up for repairs until August 1940.
  • 06 Dec 5th Heisman Trophy Award: Nile Kinnick, Iowa (HB).
  • 09 Dec Russian air raid on Helsinki, Finland.
  • 10 Dec Green Bay Packers win NFL championship, beat the New York Giants 27-0
  • 12 Dec Russ Indigirka capsizes in blizzard off Japanese coast; 750 die
  • 13 Dec Battle at La Plata - 3 British cruisers vs. German Graf Spee
  • 14 Dec Soviet Union attacks Finland-League of Nations drops Soviet Union
  • 15 Dec Gone with the Wind receives its premiere at Loew's Grand Theatre in Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
  • 17 Dec German pocket battleship Graf Spee scuttled by its crew off Uruguay
  • 19 Dec Russian air and ground attack against Finnish positions near Summa.
  • 20 Dec Radio Australia begins overseas short-wave service.
  • 22 Dec 99 die in 2nd wreck at Friedrichshafen Germany
  • 23 Dec South Australia score 7-821 against Queensland in cricket.
  • 24 Dec World War II: Pope Pius XII makes a Christmas Eve appeal for peace.
  • 25 Dec Montgomery Ward introduces Rudolph the 9th reindeer.
  • 26 Dec Earthquake in East Anatolia Turkey
  • 27 Dec Between 20,000 and 40,000 die in magnitude 8 quake (Erzincam Turkey)
  • 28 Dec The Consolidated B-24 Liberator bomber prototype first flies.
  • 29 Dec First flight of the Consolidated B-24.
  • 31 Dec 25 U-boats sunk this month (81,000 ton)