1946

1946, as the first full year after the Second World War, saw another global conflict open up – the Cold War.

1946

While the Allied Powers had been victorious over their Axis enemies, the world began to divide between East and West. It was in this context that Winston Churchill gave his famous “Iron Curtain” speech on the 5th of March at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri.

It was this year that the first meeting of the United Nations was held. Shortly after this first meeting in London, the League of Nations transferred its mission to the UN and was disbanded.

In a project of the US Army Signal Corps, Project Diana, brought the United States actively into the Space Age. In this experiment, radar waves were bounced off of the Moon, proving that readily available technology allowed for communication in space between the Earth and the Moon.

There were some notable cultural developments in 1946 as well. This was the year that the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra held its first rehearsal, and American musician BB King’s music career turned professional in Memphis, Tennessee.

In film, Frank Capra’s It’s a Wonderful Life, starring James “Jimmy” Stewart, was released this year. This film would go on to become one of the most culturally significant films of all time, and a holiday tradition for millions of people. Disney’s Song of the South was also released this year. Despite some controversy over some describing the film as having some racist undertones, it remains a significant part of Disney history, as the film’s song “Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah” won an academy award in 1947 and the film also inspired the Splash Mountain attraction at Disney theme parks.

In fashion, the modern bikini was modeled in Paris for the first time, marking a new era in swimwear for women.

Discover how the world looked like in 1946

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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It's a Wonderful Life

It's a Wonderful Life

Directed by: Frank Capra

Starring: James Stewart, Donna Reed, Lionel Barrymore, Thomas Mitchell

Country: United States of America

The Best Years of Our Lives

The Best Years of Our Lives

Directed by: William Wyler

Starring: Myrna Loy, Dana Andrews, Fredric March, Teresa Wright

Country: United States of America

Shoeshine

Shoeshine

Directed by: Vittorio De Sica

Starring: Rinaldo Smordoni, Franco Interlenghi, Annielo Mele, Bruno Ortenzi

Country: United States of America

Notorious

Notorious

Directed by: Alfred Hitchcock

Starring: Cary Grant, Ingrid Bergman, Claude Rains, Louis Calhern

Country: United States of America

The Big Sleep

The Big Sleep

Directed by: Howard Hawks

Starring: Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall, John Ridgely, Martha Vickers

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1946 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1946?


Events

  • 01 Jan Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god
  • 03 Jan Great Britain, Canada, and the United States make their first public disclosures about their chemical and biological warfare efforts during the war. American authorities reveal that they were prepared to act both defensively and offensively if Germany or Japan had started such warfare against the Allies.
  • 05 Jan Show Boat opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 417 performances
  • 06 Jan Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Quemadmodum
  • 07 Jan The recently elected government of Austria is recognized by the US, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union.
  • 09 Jan Would-Be Gentleman opens at Booth Theater NYC for 77 performances
  • 10 Jan 1st radar contact with Moon
  • 11 Jan Bert Bell becomes second NFL commissioner, moves Chicago, Illinois, headquarters to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 12 Jan Polonaise closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 113 performances
  • 14 Jan The United States announces its total expenditure during the war: US$200 billion.
  • 16 Jan Charles de Gaulle resigns as a head of a French provisional government.
  • 17 Jan The UN Security Council holds its first session.
  • 19 Jan General Douglas MacArthur establishes the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo to try Japanese war criminals.
  • 20 Jan F Gouin follows Charles De Gaulle as temporary leader of French government.
  • 21 Jan Nellie Bly opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 16 performances
  • 22 Jan US President sets up Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
  • 23 Jan Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, US Navy Reserve, becomes first director of US Central Intelligence Agency.
  • 25 Jan The United Mine Workers rejoins the American Federation of Labor.
  • 29 Jan The Central Intelligence Group is established (the CIA in 1947).
  • 30 Jan 1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime
  • 31 Jan Yugoslavia's new constitution, modeling the Soviet Union, establishes six constituent republics (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia).
  • 01 Feb Republic of Hungary proclaimed, Zolt n Tildy as communist president.
  • 02 Feb Nellie Bly closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 16 performances
  • 05 Feb The United States recognizes the government of Romania.
  • 06 Feb Lute Song opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 142 performances
  • 07 Feb Filibuster in US Senate kills FEPC bill.
  • 08 Feb Premier Salazar of Portugal forbids opposition parties.
  • 09 Feb Dutch Labor Party (Dutch Social Democratic Party) forms.
  • 10 Feb 1st black pro-baseball player Jackie Robinson marries Rachel Isum
  • 11 Feb The U.S. Military Tribunal in Japan convicts Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma of the Japanese Army of ordering the Bataan Death March and condoning other wartime atrocities. He is sentenced to death by firing squad.
  • 12 Feb World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats.
  • 13 Feb Duchess Misbehaves opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 14 Feb The Bank of England is nationalized.
  • 15 Feb ENIAC, the first electronic general-purpose computer, is formally dedicated at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.
  • 16 Feb Duchess Misbehaves closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 5 performances
  • 17 Feb Humanistic Covenant forms in Amsterdam.
  • 18 Feb Sailors of the Royal Indian Navy mutinied in Mumbai harbour, from where it would spread throughout British India and involve 78 ships, 20 shore establishments and 20,000 sailors
  • 20 Feb An explosion kills more than 400 coal miners in West Germany.
  • 21 Feb Anti-British demonstrations in Egypt.
  • 26 Feb Two killed and ten wounded in race riot in Columbia, Tennessee, USA.
  • 27 Feb 4th Road film, Road to Utopia premieres (NYC)
  • 28 Feb Combined Chiefs of Staff reveal that the American, Canadian, and British Governments had experimented with building ice ships during 1942-43. The Habbakuk project was to create a two-million-ton ship made of ice and wood pulp, 2000 feet long, 300 feet wide, as a floating aircraft base.
  • 01 Mar British Government takes control of Bank of England, after 252 years.
  • 02 Mar Kingman Douglass becomes deputy director of US Central Intelligence Agency.
  • 03 Mar US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Gretchen Merrill.
  • 05 Mar Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.
  • 07 Mar Three to Make Ready opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 323 performances
  • 08 Mar 1st helicopter licensed for coml use (NYC)
  • 09 Mar Dutch troops land at Batavia / Semarang
  • 10 Mar Train derailment kills 185 near Aracaju, Brazil.
  • 12 Mar Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland.
  • 15 Mar The Soviet Union and Switzerland resume diplomatic relations.
  • 16 Mar Would-Be Gentleman closes at Booth Theater NYC after 77 performances
  • 18 Mar Diplomatic relations between Switzerland and the Soviet Union are established.
  • 19 Mar Nicolai Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as President of the USSR
  • 20 Mar The US Military Government in Berlin announces the capture of Mildred Gillars of Maine. Gillars was known as Axis Sally for her Berlin radio broadcasts to US troops in North Africa and Europe, describing the comforts of home and the folly of war with Germany.
  • 21 Mar Kenny Washington signs with Rams, 1st black NFLer since 1933
  • 22 Mar Britain signs treaty granting independence to Jordan.
  • 24 Mar The British Cabinet Mission, consisting of Lord Pethick-Lawrence, Sir Stafford Cripps and A. V. Alexander, arrives in India to discuss and plan for the transfer of power from the British Raj to Indian leadership.
  • 28 Mar Cold War: The United States State Department releases the Acheson : Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.
  • 29 Mar Instituto Tecnologico Autonomo de Mexico, one of Mexico's leading universities, is founded.
  • 30 Mar St. Louis Woman opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 113 performances
  • 31 Mar Belgian government of Acker forms.
  • 01 Apr Weight Watchers forms
  • 07 Apr 10th Golf Masters Championship: Herman Keiser wins, shooting a 282.
  • 08 Apr League of Nations assembles for last time
  • 10 Apr In Japan, women vote for the first time, during elections for the House of Representatives of the 90th Imperial Diet.
  • 12 Apr Syria gains independence from France
  • 13 Apr Belgian premier Acker proclaims end of wage and price freeze.
  • 14 Apr Day Before Spring closes at National Theater NYC after 167 performances
  • 16 Apr First US launch of captured German V-2 rocket, White Sands New Mexico; 8 km altitude.
  • 17 Apr Syria declares independence from French administration
  • 18 Apr Call Me Mister opens at National Theater NYC for 734 performances
  • 20 Apr 1st baseball broadcast in Chicago, Cards vs. Cubs
  • 21 Apr SED, Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
  • 22 Apr SED, Sozialistic Einheitspartei Deutschlands, party forms
  • 23 Apr Brooklyn Dodgers' Ed Head no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0.
  • 25 Apr Exposition Flyer rammed at Napierville, Illinois, USA killing 48.
  • 27 Apr FA Cup: Derby County beat Charlton Athletic in the first FA Cup final since the end of the war
  • 28 Apr Pestalozzi Children’s Village (''Kinderdorf Pestalozzi'') established at Trogen in Switzerland to accommodate and educate orphans of World War II according to Pestalozzian principles.
  • 29 Apr 28 former Japanese leaders indicted in Tokyo as war criminals.
  • 01 May Mrs Emma Clarissa Clement named "American Mother of the Year".
  • 02 May Prisoners begin revolt at Alcatraz prison in California.
  • 03 May International military tribunal in Tokyo begins.
  • 04 May 5 die in a 2 day riot at Alcatraz prison in SF bay
  • 05 May The International Military Tribunal for the Far East begins in Tokyo with twenty-eight Japanese military and government officials accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity.
  • 06 May Pulitzer prize awarded to Arthur M Schlesinger (Age of Jackson) 17271
  • 07 May William H Hastie inaugurated as (first black) governor of Virgin Islands.
  • 08 May Red Sox Johnny Pesky scores 6 runs in 1 game
  • 09 May King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates and is succeeded by Humbert II.
  • 10 May Umberto II succeeds Victor Emmanuel III as king of Italy.
  • 11 May 72nd Preakness: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:01.4.
  • 13 May Winston Churchill welcomed in Rotterdam
  • 16 May Musical Annie Get Your Gun, starring Ethel Merman premieres in New York City
  • 17 May US President Harry Truman seizes control of nation's railroads to delay a strike.
  • 19 May Dutch Cooperation for Sexual Reform (NVSH) forms in Amsterdam.
  • 20 May The British House of Commons decides to nationalize mines.
  • 21 May Physicist Louis Slotin is fatally irradiated in a criticality incident during an experiment with the Demon core at Los Alamos National Laboratory.
  • 22 May The Kingdom of Transjordan is founded.
  • 24 May Bill Dickey replaces Joe McCarthy as New York Yankees' manager.
  • 25 May Jordan gains independence from Britain (National Day).
  • 26 May Darius Milhauds 3rd Concert for piano / orchestra premieres in Prague
  • 28 May 1st night game at Yankee stadium (Senators 2, Yanks 1)
  • 29 May KVP wins Provincial National election in the Netherlands
  • 30 May United flight 521 crashes on takeoff at LaGuardia Airport (New York), 42 die.
  • 31 May A Greek referendum supports the return of the monarchy.
  • 01 Jun 78th Belmont: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:30.8
  • 02 Jun Italian plebiscite chooses Republic over monarchy (National Day)
  • 03 Jun 1st bikini bathing suit displayed (Paris)
  • 04 Jun Largest solar prominence (300,000 miles / 500,000 km) observed.
  • 05 Jun Fire at LaSalle Hotel cocktail lounge kills 61 (Chicago, Illinois, USA).
  • 06 Jun Martin Kresses begins publishing Eric the Viking comic strip
  • 07 Jun Pirates players vote 20-16 to walkout rather than play the Giants
  • 08 Jun Lute Song closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 142 performances
  • 09 Jun 66,545 fans help Yanks break million attendance mark, the earliest
  • 10 Jun Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, ends term as 1st Director of CIA Lieutenant General Hoyt S Vandenberg, USA, becomes 2nd Director of CIA
  • 13 Jun King Umberto II of Italy abdicates
  • 14 Jun Canadian Library Association established.
  • 16 Jun Annie Get Your Gun opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 1147 performances
  • 17 Jun SouthWest Bell innaugurates mobile telephone commercial service, Saint Louis, Missouri. USA.
  • 18 Jun Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist, calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim.
  • 20 Jun New York City transit begins using PA system - Car # 744 on 8th Ave IND line
  • 21 Jun Bill Veeck buys Indians for $2.2 million
  • 22 Jun Bill Veeck purchases Cleveland Indians
  • 23 Jun The 1946 Vancouver Island earthquake strikes Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada.
  • 24 Jun 11.72 (29.77 cm) of rainfall at Mellen Wisc (state 24-hr record)
  • 25 Jun International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) (World Bank) begins operations.
  • 26 Jun Dutch Nazi collaborator Arnold Meijer sentenced to 5 years
  • 28 Jun Permanent radio play-by-play of Cleveland Indians games begins
  • 29 Jun Are You with It? closes at Century Theater NYC after 264 performances
  • 30 Jun The War Relocation Authority is abolished.
  • 01 Jul Rajah cedes Sarawak to British crown
  • 02 Jul Dutch Beel government forms
  • 03 Jul 1st Dutch government of Beel forms
  • 04 Jul Anti Jewish riots in Kielce Poland, 42 die
  • 05 Jul The bikini is re-introduced in Paris, France (it was a Roman invention).
  • 06 Jul St. Louis Woman closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 113 performances
  • 07 Jul Howard Hughes nearly dies when his XF-11 spy plane prototype crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood.
  • 08 Jul Tidbits of 1946 opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 8 performances
  • 09 Jul 13th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 12-0 at Fenway Park, Boston
  • 10 Jul Belgian government of Acker, resigns
  • 11 Jul Kingman Douglass, ends term as Deputy Director of CIA
  • 12 Jul Vance Dinges hits the only Philadelphia Phillies' pinch hit inside-the-park home run.
  • 13 Jul Tidbits of 1946 closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 8 performances
  • 14 Jul Mass murder on Jews in Kielce Poland
  • 15 Jul British North Borneo Company transfers rights to British crown.
  • 16 Jul Attempt made to recall Mayor Lapham (1st time in SF history)
  • 21 Jul Delegates of 21 nations meet in Paris, France, for a Peace Conference, to attempt to settle on the language of peace treaties with Italy, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, and Finland.
  • 22 Jul Estelle Bennett in New York City, New York, USA; rocker (The Ronettes).
  • 23 Jul Menachem Begins opposition group bombs King David Hotel
  • 24 Jul 9 Spokane baseball players (Western League), die in a bus crash
  • 25 Jul 1st bikini is shown at a Paris fashion show
  • 26 Jul President Truman orders desegregation of all US forces
  • 27 Jul Boston Red Sox Rudy York hits 2 grand slams in 1 game, gets 10 RBIs
  • 30 Jul First rocket attains 100 miles (167 km) altitude, White Sands, New Mexico, USA.
  • 01 Aug US President Harry Truman establishes Atomic Energy Commission (AEC).
  • 03 Aug Belgian government of Huysmans, forms
  • 04 Aug An earthquake of magnitude 8.0 hits northern Dominican Republic. 100 are killed and 20,000 are left homeless.
  • 06 Aug US officially submits to jurisdiction of World Court.
  • 07 Aug 1st coin bearing portrait of Negro authorized
  • 08 Aug Dreyfuss family, owners of Pittsburgh Pirates since 1900, sells club to Frank McKinney and John Galbreath for $25 million
  • 13 Aug Britain transfers illegal immigrants bound to Palestine, to Cyprus.
  • 16 Aug Great Calcutta blood bath - Moslem / Hindu riot (3-4,000 die)
  • 18 Aug Golf Writers Associaton of America formed.
  • 19 Aug Violence between Muslims and Hindus in Calcutta leaves 3,000 dead.
  • 22 Aug Baseball approves a 168-game schedule, but later rescinds it
  • 23 Aug 13th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 16, Los Angeles 0 (97,380)
  • 25 Aug 28th PGA Championship: Ben Hogan at Portland Golf Club - Portland, Oregon
  • 26 Aug George Orwell published Animal Farm
  • 01 Sep Greece votes for monarchy
  • 02 Sep Nehru forms government in India
  • 04 Sep Street violence between Muslims and Hindus erupts in Bombay.
  • 05 Sep Yours Is My Heart opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 36 performances
  • 06 Sep All-American Football Conference plays first game (Cleveland Browns 44, Miami Seahawks 0).
  • 08 Sep 60th US Womens Tennis: Pauline Betz beats Patricia Canning (119 63)
  • 12 Sep Court martial convicts Henry de Man to 20 years, in Brussels
  • 13 Sep Boston Red Sox clinch AL pennant
  • 17 Sep Gypsy Lady, opens at Century Theater NYC for 79 performances
  • 18 Sep Joe Louis knockouts Tami Mauriello in 1 round for the heavyweight boxing title.
  • 20 Sep Churchill argues for a US of Europe
  • 21 Sep Indians play their final game in League Park, ending a 55-year stay
  • 22 Sep Evelyn Dick charged with butchering husband
  • 24 Sep Yanks set season attendance record of 2,309,029 besting 1929 Cubs
  • 26 Sep 1st edition of Tintin (Kuifje), publishes until June 1993
  • 27 Sep King George II of Greece returns from exile
  • 28 Sep Greek King George II back in Athens
  • 29 Sep Adventures of Sam Spade debuts on CBS Radio
  • 01 Oct 12 war criminals sentenced to death in Nuremberg
  • 02 Oct 1st network soap opera-Faraway Hill-Dumont
  • 03 Oct Cards beat Dodgers 8-4 at Ebbets Field to win NL playoffs 2-0
  • 05 Oct Yours Is My Heart closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 36 performances
  • 06 Oct President Truman questions Great Britain Jews about Palestine
  • 08 Oct Kwo-less-shrew selects General Chiang Kai-shek as President of China
  • 10 Oct Commencement of the Noakhali genocide of Hindus in Bengal at the hands of Muslim mobs.
  • 13 Oct France adopts the constitution of the Fourth Republic.
  • 14 Oct Netherlands and Indonesia sign cease fire.
  • 15 Oct Smallest World Series share since 1918 (Cards $3,748, Red Sox $2,140)
  • 16 Oct 10 Nazi leaders hanged as war criminals after Nuremberg trials
  • 20 Oct Frank Seno returns kickoff 105 yards, Chicago Cardinals versus New York Giants.
  • 22 Oct 2 British ships sink near Albania
  • 23 Oct UN General Assembly 2nd session convenes (1st NYC-Flushing Meadows)
  • 24 Oct Netherlands and Indonesia sign cease fire
  • 25 Oct 1st trial against Nazi war criminals (Neurenberg)
  • 27 Oct Georgi Domitrovs National Front wins Bulgaria elections (78%)
  • 28 Oct German rocket engineers begin work in the USSR
  • 01 Nov Charles S Johnson becomes 1st black President of Fisk University
  • 03 Nov Emperor Hirohito proclaims new Japanese constitution
  • 04 Nov Park Avenue opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 72 performances
  • 05 Nov John F Kennedy (Democrat-Massachusetts) elected to US House of Representatives.
  • 07 Nov Bal Negre opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 54 performances
  • 09 Nov President Truman ends wage / price freeze
  • 10 Nov Communists win many seats at French parliamentary election
  • 12 Nov 1st autobank (banking by car) forms (Chicago)
  • 13 Nov Bradman scores 106 for an Australian XI vs. the MCC
  • 14 Nov Dutch Dakota flight to Schiphol crashes, kills 11
  • 15 Nov Ted Williams is picked as AL MVP
  • 17 Nov Eight British servicemen are killed in Jerusalem by Jewish nationalists.
  • 19 Nov Bradman scores 119 South Australia vs. Victoria, 183 mins, 8 fours
  • 21 Nov Georgi Dimitrov elected Premier of Bulgaria
  • 22 Nov Tony Benn is elected as Treasurer of the Oxford Union.
  • 23 Nov Gypsy Lady closes at Century Theater NYC after 79 performances
  • 27 Nov English soccer team beats Netherlands, 8-2
  • 28 Nov French government of Bidault, resigns
  • 29 Nov Minister Drees begins emergency rule of old age facilities
  • 01 Dec Australia compiles 645 versus India at the Gabba (Donald Bradman 187).
  • 02 Dec The British Government invites four Indian leaders, Nehru, Baldev Singh, Jinnah and Liaquat Ali Khan to obtain the participation of all parties in the Constituent Assembly.
  • 03 Dec 12th Heisman Trophy Award: Glenn Davis, Army (HB).
  • 05 Dec US President Harry Truman creates Committee on Civil Rights by Executive Order #9808.
  • 07 Dec A fire at the Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, Georgia kills 119 people, the deadliest hotel fire in U.S. history.
  • 08 Dec Army rocket plane XS-1 makes first powered flight.
  • 09 Dec The ''Subsequent Nuremberg Trials'' begin with the ''Doctors' Trial'', prosecuting doctors alleged to be involved in human experimentation.
  • 11 Dec Hank Williams begins to record on Sterling label
  • 12 Dec Tide detergent introduced
  • 14 Dec Three to Make Ready closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 323 performances
  • 15 Dec Chicago Bears beat the New York Giants 24-14 in NFL championship game
  • 16 Dec Thailand joins the United Nations.
  • 17 Dec US V-2 rocket reaches 183 km at White Sands Proving Grounds, New Mexico, USA.
  • 19 Dec Noel Cowards musical Pacific 1860, premieres in London
  • 20 Dec An 8.1 Mw earthquake and subsequent tsunami in Nankaido, Japan, kill over 1,300 people and destroy over 38,000 homes.
  • 21 Dec If the Shoe Fits closes at Century Theater NYC after 20 performances
  • 22 Dec Bal Negre closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 54 performances
  • 23 Dec Highest ridership in NYC subway history (8.8 million passengers)
  • 24 Dec US General MacNarney gives 800,000 "minor Nazis" amnesty.
  • 25 Dec Constitution accepted in Taiwan.
  • 26 Dec Toplitzky of Notre Dame opens at Century Theater NYC for 60 performances
  • 31 Dec French troops leave Lebanon.