1942

By this time, the world was in despair over the raging Second World War. Mrs. Miniver was the highest grossing film in the world starring Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon.

1942

Le Silence de la Mer (The Silence of the Sea) by Jean Bruller and issued discreetly. The novel focused on the resistance of the Nazi occupation of France. Distribution was only possible for a hundred copies in France while the Nazis destroyed the rest. By year’s end, White Christmas by Bing Crosby was at the top of all the major hit lists in Europe and the USA.

The United Nations is the elite body that ensures that peace reigns on earth and mediates between warring factions. On January 1, 1942, USA President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his British counterpart, Prime Minister Winston Churchill issued a signed declaration called the United Nations. The UN started with 26 nations.

The USA had stayed out of the war until the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. By May 15, 1942, gasoline rationing began in 17 states on the USA East coast. This was an attempt to help the American effort in the war. President Franklin D. Roosevelt then moved to ensure there was mandatory gasoline rationing in all the 50 states of the USA.

Hitler and his Nazi party had a conviction that Jews were not people but beasts and this saw the slaughter of thousands of Jews. On October 29, 1942, the leading British political figures and the clergy held a public meeting to protest against the ongoing persecution of the Jews by the Nazis.

Nazi Germany had sought to host the 1942 FIFA World Cup but the event failed to take place because of the raging war. This year also saw the birth of individuals who were to shape a generation including, British physicist Stephen Hawking, one of the greatest boxers of all time Muhammad Ali, American Singer Aretha Franklin and many others.

Discover how the world looked like in 1942

Oscar

Oscar Winners

All Academy Awards Prize winners of the 15th edition of the Oscar ceremony


Best picture

Mrs. Miniver

Mrs. Miniver

Mrs. Miniver

Directed by: William Wyler

Starring: Greer Garson, Walter Pidgeon, Teresa Wright, May Whitty

Country: United States of America

Best director

William Wyler

Mrs. Miniver

Mrs. Miniver

Directed by: William Wyler

Starring: Greer Garson, Walter Pidgeon, Teresa Wright, May Whitty

Country: United States of America

Best actress

Greer Garson

Mrs. Miniver

Mrs. Miniver

Directed by: William Wyler

Starring: Greer Garson, Walter Pidgeon, Teresa Wright, May Whitty

Country: United States of America

Best supporting actor

Van Heflin

Johnny Eager

Johnny Eager

Directed by: Mervyn LeRoy

Starring: Robert Taylor, Lana Turner, Edward Arnold, Van Heflin

Country: United States of America

Best supporting actress

Teresa Wright

Mrs. Miniver

Mrs. Miniver

Directed by: William Wyler

Starring: Greer Garson, Walter Pidgeon, Teresa Wright, May Whitty

Country: United States of America

vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1942?


Top #1 songs in the USA

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

Casablanca

Casablanca

Directed by: Michael Curtiz

Starring: Humphrey Bogart, Ingrid Bergman, Paul Henreid, Claude Rains

Country: United States of America

To Be or Not to Be

To Be or Not to Be

Directed by: Ernst Lubitsch

Starring: Carole Lombard, Jack Benny, Robert Stack, Felix Bressart

Country: United States of America

Now, Voyager

Now, Voyager

Directed by: Irving Rapper

Starring: Bette Davis, Paul Henreid, Claude Rains, Gladys Cooper

Country: United States of America

Random Harvest

Random Harvest

Directed by: Mervyn LeRoy

Starring: Ronald Colman, Greer Garson, Philip Dorn, Susan Peters

Country: United States of America

Yankee Doodle Dandy

Yankee Doodle Dandy

Directed by: Michael Curtiz

Starring: James Cagney, Joan Leslie, Walter Huston, Richard Whorf

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1942 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1942?


Events

  • 01 Jan US and 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis
  • 02 Jan The 28 nations at war with the Axis pledge no separate peace.
  • 03 Jan American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms.
  • 04 Jan Premier Churchill and General Marshall fly to Florida
  • 05 Jan 55 German tanks reach North-Africa.
  • 06 Jan Bob Feller, enlists in Navy and reports for duty to Norfolk Virginia
  • 07 Jan WW II siege of Bataan starts
  • 09 Jan Joe Louis knocks out Buddy Baer in one round for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 10 Jan Japan invades North-Celebes, Dutch East Indies.
  • 11 Jan Japan conquers Kuala Lumpur, Malaya.
  • 12 Jan British troops reconquer Sollum.
  • 13 Jan Allied Conference for war trials
  • 14 Jan Japanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo.
  • 15 Jan FDR asks commissioner to continue baseball during WWII
  • 16 Jan William Knudsen becomes first civilian appointed a General in US army.
  • 19 Jan Japanese forces invade Burma
  • 20 Jan Japanese invade Burma
  • 21 Jan Bronx magistrate rules all pinball machines illegal.
  • 22 Jan Japanese air raid on Rabaul, New Britain.
  • 23 Jan Japanese troops occupy Rabaul, New Britain.
  • 24 Jan Musical Star & Garter, premieres in New York City
  • 25 Jan Lieutenant General Rommels African corps reaches Msus
  • 26 Jan 1st US force in Europe during WWII go ashore in Northern Ireland
  • 28 Jan German troops occupy Benghazi, Libya.
  • 29 Jan German and Italian troops occupy Benghazi.
  • 30 Jan World War II: Japanese forces invade the island of Ambon in the Dutch East Indies.
  • 31 Jan 62 U-boats sunk this month (327,000 ton)
  • 01 Feb World War II: U.S. Navy conducts Marshalls-Gilberts raids, the first offensive action by the United States against Japanese forces in the Pacific Theater.
  • 02 Feb US auto factories switch from commercial to war production.
  • 03 Feb Baseball owners agree to permit each club up to 14 night games in 1942.
  • 04 Feb Clinton Pierce becomes first US General wounded in action in World War II.
  • 05 Feb Woman of the Year, starring Hepburn and Tracy opens at Radio City
  • 06 Feb World War II: The United Kingdom declares war on Thailand.
  • 07 Feb Maritime Commission fleet operations transferred to War Shipping Administration (lasting until September 1, 1946).
  • 08 Feb US Congress advises President Franklin Roosevelt that Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn't oppose the US war effort.
  • 09 Feb Philadelphia "Phillies" change nickname (temporarily) to "Phils".
  • 10 Feb Glenn Miller awarded 1st ever gold disc for selling 1 million copies of Chattanooga Choo Choo
  • 11 Feb Archie comic book debuts.
  • 14 Feb Japanese parachutists land near oil center in Palembang, Sumatra.
  • 15 Feb Singapore surrenders to Japanese
  • 16 Feb German submarines attack Aruba oil refinery.
  • 17 Feb US Army General Douglas MacArthur reaches Australia and takes command of Allied forces.
  • 18 Feb Japanese troops land on Bali.
  • 19 Feb About 150 Japanese warplanes attacked the Australian city of Darwin
  • 20 Feb Lieutenant E H O'Hare single-handedly shoots down five Japanese heavy bombers.
  • 21 Feb US female Figure Skating championship won by Jane Vaughn.
  • 22 Feb World War II: President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as the Japanese victory becomes inevitable.
  • 23 Feb World War II: Japanese submarines fire artillery shells at the California coastline near Santa Barbara.
  • 24 Feb Voice of America begins broadcasting (in German).
  • 25 Feb The Princess Elizabeth registers for war service.
  • 26 Feb German battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb
  • 27 Feb 1st transport of French Jews to Nazi-Germany
  • 28 Feb Race riot, Sojourner Truth Homes, Detroit, Illinois.
  • 01 Mar Suriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews.
  • 02 Mar 14th Academy Awards: How Green was My Valley, Gary Cooper, and Joan Fontaine win.
  • 03 Mar World War II: Ten Japanese warplanes raid the town of Broome, Western Australia, killing more than 100 people.
  • 05 Mar Bosnia Tito establishes 3rd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
  • 07 Mar First cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee.
  • 08 Mar Japanese forces captures Rangoon Burma
  • 09 Mar Construction of the Alaska Highway begins.
  • 11 Mar US General Douglas MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia.
  • 12 Mar British troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal.
  • 13 Mar Julia Flikke, Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman Colonel in US army
  • 14 Mar Orvan Hess and John Bumstead became the first in the world to successfully treat a patient, Anne Miller, using penicillin.
  • 15 Mar Alexander van Zemlinsky, Austrian/US composer (African Dance), dies at age 70.
  • 16 Mar The first V-2 rocket test launch. It exploded at lift-off.
  • 17 Mar Belzec Concentration Camp opens-30,000 Lublin Polish Jews transported.
  • 18 Mar Illegal Free Netherlands announces boycott of theaters.
  • 19 Mar FDR orders men between 45 and 64 to register for non military duty
  • 20 Mar Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia
  • 21 Mar Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
  • 22 Mar World War II: In the Mediterranean Sea, the Royal Navy confronts Italy's Regia Marina in the Second Battle of Sirte.
  • 23 Mar US moves native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers.
  • 25 Mar 700 Jews of Polish Lvov-district reach Belzec Concentration camp.
  • 26 Mar 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov-district reach concentration camp Belzec
  • 27 Mar Joe Louis knocks out Abe Simon in six to retain heavyweight boxing title (New York City, New York).
  • 28 Mar British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St. Nazaire
  • 29 Mar British cruiser Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea
  • 30 Mar SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki labor camp.
  • 01 Apr Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang, Timor.
  • 05 Apr World War II: The Imperial Japanese Navy launches a carrier-based air attack on Colombo, Ceylon during the Indian Ocean Raid. Port and civilian facilities are damaged and the Royal Navy cruisers HMS Cornwall and HMS Dorsetshire are sunk southwest of the island.
  • 09 Apr Battle of Bataan-US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan
  • 10 Apr Cigarettes and candy rationed in Holland.
  • 11 Apr Distinguished Service Medal for Merchant Marines authorized.
  • 12 Apr Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan.
  • 13 Apr The United States Federal Communications Commission's minimum programming time required of TV stations is cut from 15 hours to 4 hours a week during the war.
  • 14 Apr Destroyer Roper sinks German submarine U-85 off US east coast.
  • 15 Apr George VI awards George Cross to people of Malta
  • 16 Apr King George VI awards George Cross to Island of Malta
  • 17 Apr Operations begin to destroy Sobibor Concentration Camp.
  • 18 Apr James H Doolittle bombs Tokyo and other Japanese cities
  • 19 Apr 46th Boston Marathon won by Joe Smith of Massachusetts in 2:26:51.2.
  • 20 Apr German occupiers forbid Dutch access to their beach.
  • 21 Apr World War II: The most famous (and first international) Aggie Muster is held on the Philippine island of Corregidor, by Brigadier General George F. Moore (with 25 fellow Texas A&M graduates who are under his command), while 1.8 million pounds of shells pounded the island over a 5 hour attack.
  • 23 Apr William Temple enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 26 Apr The Benxihu Colliery accident in Manchukuo leaves 1549 Chinese miners dead.
  • 27 Apr Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, USA killing 100, injuring 300.
  • 28 Apr Nightly "dim-out" begins along the US East Coast.
  • 29 Apr Jews forced to wear a Jewish Star in the Netherlands and Vichy-France
  • 30 Apr First submarine built on Great Lakes is launched, (Peto), Manitowoc, Wisconsin, USA.
  • 01 May Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear "Jewish star".
  • 02 May 68th Kentucky Derby: Wayne D Wright aboard Shut Out wins in 2:04.4.
  • 03 May World War II: Japanese naval troops invade Tulagi Island in the Solomon Islands during the first part of Operation Mo that results in the Battle of the Coral Sea between Japanese forces and forces from the United States and Australia.
  • 04 May Food 1st rationed in US
  • 05 May US begins rationing sugar during WWII
  • 06 May World War II: On Corregidor, the last American forces in the Philippines surrender to the Japanese.
  • 07 May Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
  • 08 May Aircraft carrier Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack at Coral Sea
  • 09 May 68th Preakness: Basil James aboard Alsab wins in 1:57.
  • 10 May World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign.
  • 11 May Japanese troops conquer Kalewa.
  • 12 May Russia occupies Crackow, until August 23, 1943
  • 13 May Helicopter makes its first cross-country flight.
  • 14 May US Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) is founded.
  • 15 May Nazi occupiers in the Netherlands arrests 2,000 Dutch officers
  • 17 May Dutch SS vows loyalty to Adolf Hitler.
  • 18 May New York City ends night baseball games for the rest of war.
  • 19 May Braves Paul Waner is 3rd NLer to get 3,000 hits (Anson & Wagner)
  • 20 May US Navy first permits black recruits to serve.
  • 21 May WWII: Mexico declares war against Nazi Germany after the sinking of the Mexican tanker ''Faja de Oro'' by the German U-boat, U-160, off Key West.
  • 22 May Mexico declares war on Nazi-Germany and Japan
  • 26 May Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
  • 27 May Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered
  • 28 May 1,800 Czechoslovakians murdered by Germans during attack on Reinhard Heydrich.
  • 29 May Bing Crosby records Irving Berlin's "White Christmas," the best-selling Christmas album in history.
  • 30 May US aircraft carrier Yorktown leaves Pearl Harbor
  • 31 May Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury, England.
  • 02 Jun Red Sox star Ted Williams enlists as a Navy aviator
  • 03 Jun Battle of Midway Island begins
  • 04 Jun USS Yorktown sinks near Midway Island
  • 05 Jun British offensive in North Africa under general Ritchie
  • 06 Jun 1st nylon parachute jump (Hartford Ct-Adeline Gray)
  • 07 Jun Battle of Midway ends: Admiral Nimitz wins 1st WWII naval defeat of Japan
  • 08 Jun Bing Cosby records Silent Night
  • 09 Jun Adipatie Ario Soejono becomes Minister in Gerbrandy government
  • 10 Jun Massacre at Lidice (Czechoslovakia), Gestapo kills 173
  • 11 Jun German army defeated at El-Alamein North Africa
  • 12 Jun Anne Frank gets her diary as a birthday present (Amsterdam)
  • 13 Jun FDR creates Office of War with Elmer Davis as head
  • 14 Jun French government of Reynaud resigns
  • 17 Jun First World War II American expeditionary force lands in Africa (Gold Coast).
  • 18 Jun Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st black ensign in US Navy
  • 19 Jun Paul Waner, is 7th to get 3,000 hits
  • 20 Jun Adolf Eichmann proclaims deportation of Dutch Jews
  • 21 Jun President Roosevelt / Premier Churchill arrives in Washington, DC
  • 22 Jun Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
  • 23 Jun World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190, is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales.
  • 24 Jun Africa Corps occupy Egypt
  • 25 Jun British Premier Winston Churchill travels from US to London
  • 26 Jun German assault on British at Mersa Matruh
  • 27 Jun PQ-17 convoy leaves Iceland for Archangelsk
  • 28 Jun Dumont TV network begins (WABD New York).
  • 29 Jun WWII: The German Eleventh Army under Erich von Manstein takes Sevastopol, although fighting rages until July 9.
  • 30 Jun 144 U-boats (700,000 ton) sunk this month
  • 01 Jul German troops conquer Sebastopol
  • 03 Jul Germany troop march into Sebastopol
  • 04 Jul 1st American bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe (WWII)
  • 05 Jul Ian Fleming graduates from a training school for spies in Canada
  • 06 Jul 10th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-1 at Polo Grounds, New York
  • 07 Jul Germany troop march into Woronezj
  • 08 Jul Turkish prime minister Refik Saydam died while working in office. For one day he is succeeded by Ahmet Fikri Tüzer
  • 09 Jul Anne Frank, 13, goes into hiding with her family and 4 other Jews
  • 10 Jul Diplomatic relations between the Netherlands and the Soviet Union are established.
  • 13 Jul 5,000 Jews of Rovno Polish Ukraine, executed by Nazis
  • 14 Jul 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
  • 15 Jul 1st deportation camp at Westerbork, Jews sent to Auschwitz
  • 16 Jul French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris
  • 17 Jul Transport nr 6 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany
  • 18 Jul First legal New Jersey horse race in 50 years; Garden State Park track opens.
  • 19 Jul German occupiers confiscate bicycles in Rotterdam and Hague
  • 20 Jul Barbados dismiss Trinidad for 16 in 69 minutes, Derek Sealy 8-8
  • 21 Jul Eight die as coal waste heap slides in river valley near Oakwood, Virginia.
  • 22 Jul 4th Russian Pantser army forms with 80 tanks
  • 23 Jul German troops conquer Rostow
  • 25 Jul German troops strike at Tsym Lyanskaja
  • 26 Jul RAF bombs Hamburg
  • 28 Jul Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto
  • 29 Jul Eastern Blvd in the Bronx renamed Bruckner Blvd
  • 30 Jul German occupiers set night curfew on Jews in the Netherlands
  • 31 Jul German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • 01 Aug Deurne soccer team forms
  • 02 Aug 250 Dutch Catholic Jews arrested, transported to Amersfoort camp
  • 04 Aug 1st train with Jews departs Mechelen Belgium to Auschwitz
  • 05 Aug British government cancels agreement of Munich
  • 06 Aug Assinibaine destroyer sinks U-210
  • 07 Aug Resistance bombs Rotterdam railway
  • 08 Aug Monty appointed Commandant of British 8th Army at Alamein
  • 09 Aug 200 Jews escape Mir Ghetto in Poland
  • 10 Aug Gen B Montgomery becomes Commandant British 8th leader in N Africa
  • 11 Aug 999 Jews are taken from Mechelen transit camp in Belgium
  • 12 Aug British Premier Churchill arrives in Moscow, meets Stalin
  • 13 Aug RKO Radio Pictures premieres the Disney film Bambi in the US at Radio City Music Hall in New York City.
  • 14 Aug Dwight D Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa
  • 15 Aug 5 hostages executed by Nazis in St-Michielsgestel
  • 16 Aug Premier Churchill travels back to Cairo from Moscow
  • 17 Aug 1st European bombing run undertaken by US forces
  • 19 Aug 4,000 Canadian and British soldiers killed raiding Dieppe, France
  • 20 Aug Dim-out regulations implemented in San Francisco, California.
  • 21 Aug Alpine hunters plant German flag on Elbroezgebergte, Kaukasus
  • 22 Aug Brazil declares war on Germany, Japan and Italy
  • 23 Aug 1st US flights to land on Guadalcanal
  • 24 Aug Sea battle off Eastern Solomon Islands
  • 25 Aug SS begins transporting Jews of Maastricht Neth
  • 26 Aug Japanse troops lands on New-Guinea, Milne Bay
  • 27 Aug Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan and Italy
  • 28 Aug 9th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 21, All-Stars 0 (101,100)
  • 30 Aug Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg
  • 31 Aug Battle at Alam Halfa: German and Italians assault
  • 01 Sep Fed judge upholds detention of Japanese-Americans
  • 02 Sep German troops enter Stalingrad
  • 03 Sep World War II: In response to news of its coming liquidation, Dov Lopatyn leads an uprising in the Ghetto of Lakhva, in present-day Belarus.
  • 05 Sep Battle at Alam Halfa ends
  • 06 Sep 56th US Womens Tennis: Pauline Betz beats A Louise Brough (46 61 64)
  • 07 Sep 62nd US Mens Tennis: F Schroeder Jr beats F Parker (86 75 36 46 62)
  • 09 Sep 1st bombing on continental US soil, Mount Emily Oregon (WWII)
  • 10 Sep British troops lands on Madagascar
  • 12 Sep Free-Poland and Belgium asks Pope to condemn Nazi-war crimes
  • 13 Sep German forces attack Stalingrad.
  • 14 Sep German troops occupy train station Stalingrad-1
  • 15 Sep US aircraft carrier Wasp torpedoed at Guadalcanal
  • 16 Sep Japanese attack on Port Moresby repelled
  • 18 Sep The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation is authorized.
  • 20 Sep Gunther Hagg becomes world champion of all records from 1500m to 5000m.
  • 21 Sep 116 hostages executed by Nazis in Paris
  • 22 Sep Meulenberg robs of church bells
  • 23 Sep Auschwitz begins experimental gassing executions
  • 24 Sep Andrée Borrel and Lise de Baissac become the first female SOE agents to be parachuted into occupied France.
  • 25 Sep World War II: Swiss Police Instruction of September 25, 1942 : this instruction denied entry into Switzerland to Jewish refugees.
  • 27 Sep Heavy German assault in Stalingrad
  • 28 Sep Luftwaffe bombs Stalingrad
  • 29 Sep Government of De Gaulle cancels agreement of Munich
  • 30 Sep 98 U-boats sunk this month (485,000 tons)
  • 01 Oct Little Golden Books (children books) begins publishing
  • 02 Oct Queen Mary slices cruiser Curacao in half, killing 338
  • 03 Oct FDR forms Office of Economic Stabilization
  • 04 Oct German assault on Tractor factory in Stalingrad
  • 05 Oct 5,000 Jews of Dubno Russia massacred
  • 06 Oct Allied assault on oil installations of Bula Ceram
  • 07 Oct 1 salvo Katjoesja-rocket destroys Nazi battalion in Stalingrad
  • 08 Oct Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey-Into the Valley)
  • 09 Oct The last day of the October Matanikau action on Guadalcanal as United States Marine Corps forces withdraw back across the Matanikau River after destroying most of the Imperial Japanese Army's 4th Infantry Regiment.
  • 10 Oct 1,300 Austrian Jews transported to Theresienstadt
  • 11 Oct World War II: Battle of Cape Esperance : On the northwest coast of Guadalcanal, United States Navy ships intercept and defeat a Japanese fleet on their way to reinforce troops on the island.
  • 12 Oct Successful Russian counter attack through 37th Guard division
  • 14 Oct Dobbe resistances group overthrows Bonkarten distribution
  • 16 Oct Aaron Copland / de Milles ballet Rodeo, premieres in New York City
  • 18 Oct Hitler orders allied commandos to be killed
  • 20 Oct "Durham Manifesto" calls for fundamental changes in race relations.
  • 22 Oct 1st ships of invasion fleet for Oran (Algeria) leave Scotland
  • 23 Oct 1st ships of invasion fleet to Morocco leave Norfolk
  • 24 Oct 2nd day of battle at El Alamein: British infantry
  • 25 Oct 3rd day of battle at El Alamein: British offensive
  • 26 Oct 2nd day of Battle of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
  • 27 Oct 5th day of battle at El Alamein: heavy battles / Australian advance
  • 28 Oct 6th day battle at El Alamein: British offensive under Montgomery
  • 29 Oct 7th day of battle at El Alamein: Montgomery assault
  • 30 Oct 8th day of battle at El Alamein: new Australian assault
  • 31 Oct 94 U-boats sunk this month (619,000 ton)
  • 01 Nov 10th day of battle at El Alamein
  • 02 Nov 11th day of battle at El Alamein: British assault on Tel el Aqqaqir
  • 03 Nov 12th day of battle at El Alamein: Scottish assault
  • 04 Nov 13th day of battle at El Alamein: Afr corps draws back out Fuka-posing
  • 05 Nov Nazi raid on Greek Jews in Paris
  • 06 Nov Nazis execute 12,000 Minsk ghetto Jews
  • 07 Nov Bicyclist Fausto Coppi establishes world record (45,848 km)
  • 08 Nov Allies under Eisenhower land in N-Africa (Casablanca)
  • 09 Nov German occupiers put Erik Scavenius as Danish Premier
  • 10 Nov US troops occupy airport of Port-Lyautey Morocco
  • 11 Nov 745 French Jews deported to Auschwitz
  • 12 Nov In World War II, battle of Guadalcanal began
  • 13 Nov Chaotic sea battle of Friday the 13th at Guadalcanal
  • 14 Nov Last Vichy-French troops in Algeria surrender
  • 15 Nov World War II: The Battle of Guadalcanal ends in a decisive Allied victory.
  • 16 Nov Assault of US B-17 Flying Fortresses on airport at Sidi Ahmed
  • 18 Nov Thornton Wilders Skin of our Teeth, premieres in New York City
  • 19 Nov Joseph Goebbels visits German Theatre in the Niederlanden
  • 20 Nov 26th Russian Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski
  • 21 Nov Tweety Bird, aka Tweety Pie, debuts in Tale of Two Kitties
  • 22 Nov General Major Rodins 26th Pantser corp recaptures Ostrov
  • 23 Nov 3rd and 5th Romanian army corp surrenders
  • 24 Nov Field Marshal Erich von Manstein arrives in Starobelsk
  • 25 Nov National Organization for Aid to Underground, LO, forms
  • 26 Nov Anti fascist Council for National Liberation (AVNOJ) forms
  • 27 Nov Bobby Managoff beats Yvon Robert in Houston, to become wrestling champ
  • 28 Nov 500 die in a fire that destroyed Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston
  • 29 Nov US rations coffee
  • 30 Nov 109 U-boats sunk this month (729,000 ton)
  • 01 Dec Gasoline rationed in US
  • 02 Dec 1st controlled nuclear chain reaction (Enrico Fermi - University of Chicago)
  • 04 Dec FDR orders dismantling of Works Progress Administration
  • 05 Dec CFL Grey Cup: Tor beats Win RCAF, 8 -5 at Toronto
  • 06 Dec RAF bombs Philips factory (150 die)
  • 07 Dec WWII: British commandos conduct Operation Frankton, a raid on shipping in Bordeaux harbour.
  • 08 Dec 8th Heisman Trophy Award: Frank Sinkwich, Georgia (HB).
  • 10 Dec North Africa: 5th German Panzer Army forms under Colonel-General von Arnim.
  • 11 Dec Australian / Dutch guerrilla troops evacuated to Timor near Australia
  • 12 Dec German offensive in South Western Stalingrad.
  • 13 Dec Seyss-Inquart allows Dutch Nazi Anton Mussert to call himself Leader.
  • 15 Dec Massachusetts issues first US vehicular license plate tabs.
  • 17 Dec Allies in London sentence German war criminals.
  • 20 Dec World War II: Bombing of Calcutta by the Japanese.
  • 21 Dec US Supreme court declares Nevada marriage separation legal.
  • 22 Dec World War II: Adolf Hitler signs the order to develop the V-2 rocket as a weapon.
  • 24 Dec World War II: French monarchist, Fernand Bonnier de La Chapelle, assassinates Vichy French Admiral Francois Darlan in Algiers.
  • 25 Dec Admiral Dalans murderer of Bosinier de la Chapelle, sentenced to death
  • 27 Dec NFL Pro Bowl: NFL All-Stars beats Washington 17-14.
  • 28 Dec Robert Sullivan becomes first pilot to fly across the Atlantic Ocean 100 times.
  • 31 Dec 60 U-boats sunk this month (330,000 ton)