1944

In 1944, the world was plunged into the chaos of World War II. In April, U.S. troops rehearsing for the Normandy Landings were attacked by German E-boats.

1944

In Europe, June saw the establishment of the Provisional French Government and the fall of Rome, first Axis capital to be taken by the Allies. By June 5th, the German Navy’s Enigma Code, which had hampered Allied efforts for most of the war, is decoded almost in real time and British bombers bombard the Normandy coast in preparation for the Normandy Landings which take place the following day.

On June 6th, 155,000 Allied troops land on the coast of Normandy – the largest amphibious military operation ever. Over the next two months, the Allies pushed through to Paris, liberating the French capital and loosening Nazi Germany’s hold on Western Europe.

In the arts, Michael Curtiz’s Casablanca wins Best Picture at the 16th Academy Awards on March 2nd and Jean-Paul Sartre publishes No Exit in May, including his most famous quotation, “Hell is other people”. Another famous play, Tennessee Williams’ The Glass Menagerie, premiered in Chicago in December.

World War II prevents the London Summer Olympics from being held and the Winter Olympics slated to take place at Cortina d’Ampezzo in Northern Italy are also cancelled. In science, Austrian podiatrist Hans Asperger published his paper on Asperger Syndrome on June 3rd, providing a key description of the symptoms of autism. Another Austrian intellectual, Friedrich Hayek, published The Road to Serfdom in March, which was tremendously influential on conservative and libertarian thought.

Notable births in 1944 include English guitarist Jimmy Page of Led Zeppelin fame, American director and writer George Lucas, South Korean politician and United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon and Swiss immunologist and Nobel Prize Winner R.M. Zinkernagel.

Discover how the world looked like in 1944

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Double Indemnity

Double Indemnity

Directed by: Billy Wilder

Starring: Fred MacMurray, Barbara Stanwyck, Edward G. Robinson, Byron Barr

Country: United States of America

Laura

Laura

Directed by: Otto Preminger

Starring: Gene Tierney, Dana Andrews, Clifton Webb, Vincent Price

Country: United States of America

Arsenic and Old Lace

Arsenic and Old Lace

Directed by: Frank Capra

Starring: Cary Grant, Priscilla Lane, Raymond Massey, Jack Carson

Country: United States of America

To Have and Have Not

To Have and Have Not

Directed by: Howard Hawks

Starring: Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall, Walter Brennan, Dolores Moran

Country: United States of America

Lifeboat

Lifeboat

Directed by: Alfred Hitchcock

Starring: Tallulah Bankhead, John Hodiak, Walter Slezak, William Bendix

Country: United States of America

vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1944?


Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1944 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1944?


Events

  • 01 Jan US General Clark replaces General George Patton as commander of 7th Army.
  • 02 Jan WWII: Free French General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny is appointed to command French Army B, part of the Sixth United States Army Group in North Africa.
  • 03 Jan World War II: Top Ace Major Greg ''Pappy'' Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.
  • 04 Jan Ralph Bunche appointed 1st Negro official in US State Department
  • 05 Jan The ''Daily Mail'' becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • 07 Jan US Air Force announces production of first US jet fighter, the Bell P-59.
  • 08 Jan WWII: Philippine Commonwealth troops enter the province of Ilocos Sur in Northern Luzon and attack Japanese forces.
  • 10 Jan First mobile electric power plant delivered, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
  • 11 Jan US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt proposes a Second Bill of Rights for social and economic security in his State of the Union address
  • 12 Jan Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat, Amsterdam.
  • 14 Jan Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum / Wolchow
  • 15 Jan General Eisenhower arrives in England
  • 16 Jan Gen Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London
  • 17 Jan Korvet Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
  • 18 Jan First Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts.
  • 20 Jan RAF drops 2300 ton bombs on Berlin
  • 21 Jan 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg.
  • 22 Jan During World War II, Allied forces begin landing at Anzio Italy
  • 23 Jan Detroit Red Wings score 15 goals against New York Rangers and NHL record 37 points, also most consecutive goals and most lopsided game 15-0.
  • 24 Jan Allied troops occupy Nettuno, Italy.
  • 27 Jan Casey Stengel, manager of the Boston Braves since 1938, resigns; Lou Perini, Guido Rugo, and Joseph Maney buy control of Boston Braves.
  • 28 Jan U-271 and U-571 sunk off Ireland
  • 29 Jan 285 German bombers attack London, England.
  • 30 Jan US invades Majuro, Marshall Islands.
  • 31 Jan U-592 sunk off Ireland
  • 01 Feb US 7th Infantry / 25th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein / Roi / Namur
  • 02 Feb Baseball meets in NYC to discuss postwar action
  • 03 Feb World War II: During the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign, U.S. Army and Marine forces seize Kwajalein Atoll from the defending Japanese garrison.
  • 04 Feb US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein.
  • 05 Feb 358 RAF-bombers attack Stettin, Germany.
  • 07 Feb Bing Crosby records Swinging on a Star for Decca Records
  • 08 Feb 1st black reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin
  • 09 Feb U-734 / U-238 sunk off Ireland
  • 10 Feb Belgium resistance fighter / Author Kamiel van Baelen arrested
  • 11 Feb U-424 sunk off Ireland
  • 12 Feb Wendell Wilkie (Republican) enters US presidential race.
  • 14 Feb Carl Wick publishes Salmon Trolling for Commercial and Sport Fishing
  • 15 Feb Bombing and shooting at Monte Cassino convent Italy, begins
  • 17 Feb US begins night bombing of Truk.
  • 18 Feb Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
  • 19 Feb U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • 20 Feb Batman and Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
  • 21 Feb War As It Happens news show premieres on NBC TV (NYC only)
  • 22 Feb US 8th Air Force bombs Enschede, Arnhem and Nijmegen by mistake / 800+ die
  • 23 Feb The Soviet Union begins the forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people from the North Caucasus to Central Asia.
  • 24 Feb Leo Hendrick A Baekeland, Belgian/US chemist (Bakelite), dies at age 80.
  • 25 Feb US 1st Army completes invasion plan
  • 26 Feb 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
  • 29 Feb US troops land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands.
  • 01 Mar U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • 02 Mar 16th Academy Awards - Casablanca, Jennifer Jones and Paul Lukas win
  • 04 Mar Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • 05 Mar World War II: The Red Army begins the Uman : Botosani Offensive in western Ukrainian SSR.
  • 06 Mar US Air Force begins daylight bombing of Berlin.
  • 08 Mar US resumes bombing Berlin, Germany.
  • 09 Mar World War II: Japanese troops counter-attack American forces on Hill 700 in Bougainville in a battle that would last five days.
  • 10 Mar Greek Civil War: The Political Committee of National Liberation is established in Greece by the National Liberation Front.
  • 11 Mar Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
  • 12 Mar WWII: The Political Committee of National Liberation is created in Greece.
  • 13 Mar USSR recognizes Italian Badoglio government.
  • 15 Mar Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • 16 Mar Vichy Internal minister Pucheu sentenced to death.
  • 17 Mar Actor Charlton Heston weds Lydia Clarke.
  • 18 Mar Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • 19 Mar World War II: Nazi forces occupy Hungary.
  • 20 Mar Mount Vesuvius, Italy explodes.
  • 21 Mar Gen Eisenhower postpones S France invasion until after Normandy
  • 22 Mar 600+ US 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin, Germany.
  • 23 Mar Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute and lives
  • 24 Mar 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 25 Mar Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • 26 Mar 705 British bombers attack Essen, Germany.
  • 27 Mar 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia ghetto are shot by the Gestapo.
  • 28 Mar Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle and begins writing Pippi Longstocking
  • 30 Mar 781 British bombers attack Neurenberg, Germany.
  • 31 Mar Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars.
  • 01 Apr German Abwehr ends England spiel, after 132 killed
  • 02 Apr CPI-leader Palmiro Togliatti returns to Italy.
  • 03 Apr British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
  • 04 Apr British troops capture Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • 05 Apr 140 Lancasters bomb airplane manufacturer in Toulouse.
  • 06 Apr Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France overrun by Germans.
  • 09 Apr Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae
  • 10 Apr Patrolling the Ether is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • 11 Apr RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague.
  • 13 Apr SC rejects black suffrage
  • 14 Apr Freighter Fort Stikene explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
  • 16 Apr Allied forces started bombing of Belgrade, killing about 1,100 people. This bombing fell on the Orthodox Christian Easter.
  • 19 Apr Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra.
  • 20 Apr NFL legalizes coaching from the bench.
  • 21 Apr NFL Chicago Cardinals and Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on December 3).
  • 22 Apr Hitler and Mussolini meet at Salzburg
  • 24 Apr RAF bombs Munich
  • 25 Apr United Negro College Fund incorporates in the USA.
  • 26 Apr First B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down.
  • 27 Apr Boston Braves' Jim Tobin no-hits Brooklyn Dodgers, 2-0.
  • 28 Apr Stalin meets Polish / US priest S Orlemanski
  • 29 Apr Surprise attack by Van de Peat on General Landsdrukkerij in the Hague.
  • 01 May Pulitzer prize awarded to Martin Flavin (Journey in the dark)
  • 02 May WABD (WNEW, now WNYW) TV channel 5 in NYC (DUM / MET / FOX) 1st broadcast
  • 03 May Meet Me in St. Louis opens on Broadway
  • 05 May Russian offensive against Sebastopol Krim.
  • 06 May KJR-AM in Seattle Washington swaps calls with KOMO
  • 08 May 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • 09 May Country singer Jimmie Davis becomes Governor of Louisiana.
  • 10 May US court case Smith v Allwright: excluding Blacks from primary voting is illegal.
  • 11 May Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
  • 12 May Krim purged of Nazi troops
  • 13 May 70th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 1:59.2.
  • 14 May British troops occupy Kohima.
  • 15 May Dwight Eisenhower, Bernard Montgomery, Winston Churchill and King George VI discuss D-Day plan.
  • 16 May Military police attack gypsies
  • 17 May Operation Straightline: Allies land in the Netherlands New-Guinea
  • 18 May Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins; they are accused of collaborating with the Germans.
  • 19 May 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork Netherlands.
  • 20 May US Communist Party dissolves.
  • 21 May Adolf Hitler begins attack on English/US "terror pilots".
  • 23 May Operation-Buffalo: Allied jailbreak out Anzio-bridgehead.
  • 24 May Icelandic voters sever all ties with Denmark.
  • 25 May Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia.
  • 26 May US 82nd Airborne division D-day-landing at La Haye du Puits to Ste MFre Eglise.
  • 27 May Jean-Paul Sartres Huis Clos, premieres in Paris
  • 29 May British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy.
  • 30 May Transport nr 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany
  • 31 May Allied breakthrough in Italy
  • 01 Jun Gen Montgomery / Patton / Bradley / Dempsey / Crerar meet in Portsmouth
  • 02 Jun Generals Eisenhower and Montgomery dine in Portsmouth
  • 03 Jun 76th Belmont: G L Smith aboard Bounding Home wins in 2:32.2
  • 04 Jun 1st British gliders touches down on French soil for D-Day
  • 05 Jun 1st British gliders touched down on French soil for D-Day
  • 06 Jun Baseball cancels all games honoring D-Day invasion
  • 07 Jun Achilles Veen soccer team forms in Veen
  • 08 Jun 1st SS-Pantser corps counter attacks at Normandy
  • 09 Jun Russian offensive in Carelia
  • 10 Jun Nazi murders in Oradour-sur-Glane, France
  • 11 Jun 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • 12 Jun 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • 13 Jun German counter attack on Villers-Bocage Normandy
  • 14 Jun 1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan
  • 15 Jun American B-29 Super Fortress bombers based in China begin bombing the Japanese home island of Northern Kyushu.
  • 16 Jun Iceland adopts constitution
  • 17 Jun Hitler secretly meets with von Rundstedt in Marjival Soissons
  • 18 Jun Farewell concert of Willem Mengelberg in Paris
  • 19 Jun 300 Japanese aircrafts shot down
  • 20 Jun Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
  • 21 Jun Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • 22 Jun Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • 23 Jun Russian offensive in central front sector
  • 25 Jun British assault at Caen Normandy
  • 26 Jun 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
  • 27 Jun Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
  • 29 Jun German counter attack at Caen
  • 30 Jun Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • 01 Jul 2500+ killed in London / SE England by German flying bombs
  • 02 Jul Marshal von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt
  • 03 Jul US V-III-E Army corp opens assault on Coutances Cotentin
  • 04 Jul 1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy
  • 05 Jul Harry Crosby takes first rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight.
  • 06 Jul 170 die in a fire at Ringling Bros Circus in Hartford Conn
  • 07 Jul Bomber Command drop 2,572 tons of bombs on Caen, France
  • 08 Jul British troops march into Caen
  • 09 Jul In World War II, US troops secure Saipan as Japan fell
  • 10 Jul U-821 sinks
  • 11 Jul 12th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-1 at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh
  • 12 Jul Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased
  • 13 Jul Vilnius, Lithuania, liberated
  • 14 Jul Attempt to liberate prisoners in Amsterdam fails, John Post arrested
  • 15 Jul Greenwich Observatory in England damaged by V-1 flying bomb.
  • 16 Jul Dodgers score 8 unearned runs against Braves to win 8-5 and break their 16-game losing streak, they will lose another 5 in a row
  • 17 Jul 2 ammunition ships explodes at Port Chicago, California kills 322
  • 18 Jul 7:45 Operation-Goodwood: British assault east of Caen
  • 19 Jul 1,200+ 8th Air Force bombers bomb targets in SW Germany
  • 20 Jul British / Canadian troops occupy Hill 67 / Ifs / Bras / Frenouville, Normandy
  • 21 Jul British Premier Winston Churchill flies to France, meets Montgomery
  • 22 Jul The International Monetary Fund is created at the conference at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire.
  • 23 Jul Chicago Cubs Bill Nicholson hits 4 HRs in a doubleheader
  • 24 Jul 300 allied bombers drop fire bombs on Allied / German positions
  • 25 Jul US troop march into Guam
  • 26 Jul Japanese suicide attack on US lines in Guam
  • 27 Jul Soviet Army frees Majdanek concentration camp
  • 28 Jul Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy
  • 29 Jul Allied air force bomb Germany for 6 hours
  • 30 Jul Heavy battles at Tessy-sur-Vire and Villebaudon Normandy
  • 31 Jul Last deportation train out Mechelen departs to Auschwitz
  • 01 Aug Adam Clayton Powell elected 1st black congressman from East
  • 02 Aug Amsterdam soccer team The Volewijckers plays in orange shirts
  • 03 Aug Allied troops conquer Myitkyina Burma
  • 04 Aug Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by Nazis
  • 05 Aug US 79th / 90th division occupy Laval / Mayenne
  • 06 Aug All 1,200 Jewish death marchers from Lipcani Moldavia have died
  • 07 Aug Anton de Kom arrested by Surinam resistance fighter
  • 08 Aug Canada / Polish troops occupy Cramesnil / Secqueville / Cintheaux / St-Aignan
  • 09 Aug 12 workers of Dutch illegal paper Trouw, executed at Camp Vught
  • 10 Aug US recaptures Guam from Japanese
  • 11 Aug British Premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy
  • 12 Aug Churchill and Tito meet in Naples
  • 13 Aug British 8th army occupies Florence
  • 14 Aug British Premier Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica
  • 15 Aug Allied air raid on train in North Netherlands, 32 killed
  • 16 Aug 2nd Canadian Division occupies Falaise Normandy
  • 17 Aug 4th Canadian Armour division occupiers Trun Normandy
  • 18 Aug Paris railroad workers strike against Nazi occupiers
  • 19 Aug Allied air raid on Maastricht, 80+ killed
  • 20 Aug Anna Lucasta, opens on Broadway
  • 21 Aug Germans storm up Hill 262 (Mont Ormel) Normandy
  • 22 Aug Last transport of French Jews to Nazi-Germany
  • 23 Aug Allied troops capture Marseilles France
  • 24 Aug Gen LeClercs troops open assault on Paris
  • 25 Aug France 2nd Tank division under General Leclerc reaches Notre Dame
  • 26 Aug Bulgaria announces withdrawal and German troops are to be disarmed
  • 27 Aug 200 Halifax bombers attack oil-installations in Homburg
  • 28 Aug Last German troops in Marseille surrendered and Toulon cleared
  • 29 Aug Anti German rebellion in Slovakia
  • 30 Aug 11th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 24, All-Stars 21 (48,769)
  • 31 Aug Allied offensive at Gothen-linie, Italy
  • 01 Sep Bulgaria government of Bagrjanow, resigns
  • 02 Sep During WWII, George Bush ejects from a burning plane
  • 03 Sep 58th US Womens Tennis: P Betz beats Margaret Osborne duPont (63 86)
  • 04 Sep 2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt
  • 05 Sep Mad Tuesday 65,000 Dutch Nazi collaborators flee to Germany
  • 06 Sep Gen Von Zangens 15th army escape from Zealand
  • 07 Sep SS-General Kurt Meyer takes Durnal Belgium
  • 08 Sep 1st V-2 rockets land in London and Antwerp
  • 09 Sep Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal Neth
  • 10 Sep Lieutenant General Frederick Browning against Montgomery But, sir, I think we might be going a bridge too far
  • 11 Sep FDR and Churchill meet in Canada at 2nd Quebec Conference
  • 12 Sep Noorbeek and Mheer freed
  • 13 Sep 30th Infantry division of US 1st Army frees Margraten
  • 14 Sep 6,500 Dutch / Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
  • 15 Sep British bombers hit Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • 16 Sep Adolf Hitler meets with military advisors at Wolfsschanze in East Prussia. Hitler announces he will launch an offensive through the Ardennes, with objective being Antwerp, Belgium. The idea is to isolate the British, Canadian, and two American armies in the north, and force their surrender. The reduced strength of the US might then cause them to make peace, fearful of communist Soviet Union.
  • 17 Sep British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US
  • 18 Sep Eindhoven free (Lightly Day)
  • 19 Sep Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed
  • 20 Sep Nijmegen free
  • 21 Sep Last British paratroopers at bridge of Arnhem surrenders
  • 22 Sep Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel
  • 24 Sep WWII: The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division takes the strongly defended city of Epinal before crossing the Moselle River and entering the western foothills of the Vosges.
  • 25 Sep World War II: Surviving elements of the British 1st Airborne Division withdraw from Arnhem in the Netherlands, thus ending the Battle of Arnhem and Operation Market Garden.
  • 26 Sep British and Polish paratroopers evacuate Oosterbeek (Arnhem)
  • 27 Sep Helmond and Oss, Netherlands liberated
  • 28 Sep 1st TV Musical comedy (The Boys from Boise)
  • 29 Sep Browns last in AL attendance, only 6,172 watch them sweep Yanks in DH
  • 30 Sep Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms
  • 02 Oct Nazis crush Warsaw Uprising killing 250,000 people
  • 03 Oct 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • 04 Oct British troops land on Greek continent
  • 05 Oct Harold Arlen / ET Harburgs musical premieres in New York City
  • 06 Oct Allied aircrafts bombard per accident Fishing, Overijssel
  • 07 Oct Riots in Amersfoort / Utrecht / Strugle
  • 08 Oct Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet debuts on CBS radio in the USA.
  • 09 Oct British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Stalin
  • 10 Oct US takes Okinawa
  • 11 Oct Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • 12 Oct German army retreats from Athens
  • 13 Oct Riga Latvia freed
  • 14 Oct British troops march into Athens.
  • 15 Oct The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes power in Hungary.
  • 16 Oct Hungary: Horthy government falls / Nazi count Szalasi becomes Premier
  • 18 Oct Eisenhower, Bradley and Montgomery confer in Brussel
  • 19 Oct British Premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • 20 Oct Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland explodes, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
  • 21 Oct Canadian troops occupy Breskens
  • 22 Oct World War II: Battle of Aachen: The city of Aachen falls to American forces after three weeks of fighting, making it the first German city to fall to the Allies.
  • 23 Oct 1st Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
  • 24 Oct Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • 25 Oct Battle at Samar-island
  • 26 Oct The Battle of Leyte Gulf ends, as the Japanese fleet withdraws from the victorious American fleet. The Japanese lost 34 ships, including four carriers, three battleships, and forty cruisers.
  • 27 Oct Hertogenbosch and Tilburg freed from Nazi occupation
  • 28 Oct Russia and Bulgaria sign weapon pact
  • 29 Oct 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda Neth
  • 30 Oct Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • 31 Oct Chief of Staff Kruls names De Quay Chairman of Universal Commission
  • 01 Nov Zeeuws and Flanders freed
  • 02 Nov Auschwitz begins gassing inmates
  • 03 Nov German troops in Vlissingen surrenders
  • 04 Nov RAF bombs Dinteloord, 54 killed
  • 05 Nov Allied troops reach Zoutelande Walcheren
  • 06 Nov Plutonium is first produced at the Hanford Atomic Facility in the USA, subsequently used in the Fat Man Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan.
  • 07 Nov FDR wins 4th term in office, defeating Thomas E Dewey (R)
  • 08 Nov Last German troops at Walcheren surrenders
  • 09 Nov Red Cross wins Nobel peace prize
  • 10 Nov German riots in Rotterdam / Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany
  • 11 Nov New York Rangers set NHL record of 25 games without a win (0-21-4).
  • 12 Nov World War II: The Royal Air Force launches 29 Avro Lancaster bombers in one of the most successful precision bombing attacks of war and sinks the German battleship Tirpitz, with 12,000 lb Tallboy bombs off Troms?, Norway.
  • 15 Nov Surprise attack on office of Nethche Bank
  • 16 Nov US 9th division and 1st Army attacks at Geilenkirchen
  • 19 Nov World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
  • 20 Nov 1st Japanse suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
  • 21 Nov Personnel and executive staff of Philips demonstrate for more food
  • 22 Nov Duke of Cornwalls Light Infantry occupies Hoven at Geilenkirchen
  • 23 Nov US 7th army under General Patch conquers Straatsburg
  • 24 Nov US bombers based on Saipan first attack Tokyo, Japan.
  • 25 Nov 32nd CFL Grey Cup: Montreal HMCS defeat Hamilton Flying Wildcats, 7-6
  • 26 Nov 1st allied marines move onto Antwerp harbor
  • 27 Nov 3,500-4,000 ton explosive, explodes in Staffordshire, 68 killed
  • 28 Nov 1st allied ship sails into Schelde Antwerp
  • 29 Nov Albania liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
  • 30 Nov Biggest and last British Battleship HMS Vanguard runs aground
  • 01 Dec Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands.
  • 02 Dec General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
  • 03 Dec Mussert puts Seyss-Inquart plan for small Nazi-Europe
  • 04 Dec Germans destroy Rhine dikes, flooding Betuwe.
  • 05 Dec German troops rob all the silver coin in Utrecht.
  • 06 Dec US 95th Infantry division reaches German Westwall.
  • 07 Dec Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • 10 Dec 9 Dutch citizens hanged by Nazis
  • 11 Dec Surprise attack on House of Keeping Axe, 29 prisoners freed
  • 12 Dec December 13 ampndash WWII: British units attempt to take the hilltop town of Tossignano, but are repulsed.
  • 13 Dec Japanese kamikaze crashes into US cruiser Nashville, kills 138.
  • 14 Dec Begin (ning) Liese-Aktion: werving of labor force for Germany
  • 15 Dec bandleader/composer Glenn Miller ("Chattanooga Choo-Choo"), at age 40, in a plane crash between London and Paris.
  • 16 Dec Battle of Bulge begins in Belgium
  • 17 Dec Japanese-Americans released from detention camps
  • 18 Dec US Destroyers Hull, Spence, and Monaghan sink in typhoon off Philippines, 790 killed.
  • 19 Dec The entire territory of Estonia is taken by the Red Army.
  • 20 Dec Archbishop De Young and Bishop Huibers condemn black market
  • 22 Dec Germans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium
  • 23 Dec Beginning of harsh winter
  • 26 Dec Budapest surrounded by Soviet army.
  • 27 Dec Greece: British Premier Churchill flies back to London
  • 28 Dec Eisenhower and Montgomery meet in Hasselt Belgium
  • 29 Dec Gen Eisenhowers train returns to Versailles
  • 30 Dec King George II of Greece declares a regency, leaving the throne vacant.
  • 31 Dec 48 people die in a train accident in Ogden, Utah, USA.