1944

In 1944, the world was plunged into the chaos of World War II. In April, U.S. troops rehearsing for the Normandy Landings were attacked by German E-boats.

1944

In Europe, June saw the establishment of the Provisional French Government and the fall of Rome, first Axis capital to be taken by the Allies. By June 5th, the German Navy’s Enigma Code, which had hampered Allied efforts for most of the war, is decoded almost in real time and British bombers bombard the Normandy coast in preparation for the Normandy Landings which take place the following day.

On June 6th, 155,000 Allied troops land on the coast of Normandy – the largest amphibious military operation ever. Over the next two months, the Allies pushed through to Paris, liberating the French capital and loosening Nazi Germany’s hold on Western Europe.

In the arts, Michael Curtiz’s Casablanca wins Best Picture at the 16th Academy Awards on March 2nd and Jean-Paul Sartre publishes No Exit in May, including his most famous quotation, “Hell is other people”. Another famous play, Tennessee Williams’ The Glass Menagerie, premiered in Chicago in December.

World War II prevents the London Summer Olympics from being held and the Winter Olympics slated to take place at Cortina d’Ampezzo in Northern Italy are also cancelled. In science, Austrian podiatrist Hans Asperger published his paper on Asperger Syndrome on June 3rd, providing a key description of the symptoms of autism. Another Austrian intellectual, Friedrich Hayek, published The Road to Serfdom in March, which was tremendously influential on conservative and libertarian thought.

Notable births in 1944 include English guitarist Jimmy Page of Led Zeppelin fame, American director and writer George Lucas, South Korean politician and United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon and Swiss immunologist and Nobel Prize Winner R.M. Zinkernagel.

Discover how the world looked like in 1944

Looking for 1944 Calendar ? Here it is: January 1944, February 1944, March 1944, April 1944, May 1944, June 1944, July 1944, August 1944, September 1944, October 1944, November 1944, December 1944

Oscar

Oscar Winners

All Academy Awards Prize winners of the 17th edition of the Oscar ceremony


Best picture

Going My Way

Going My Way

Going My Way

Directed by: Leo McCarey

Starring: Bing Crosby, Barry Fitzgerald, Frank McHugh, James Brown

Country: United States of America

Best director

Leo McCarey

Going My Way

Going My Way

Directed by: Leo McCarey

Starring: Bing Crosby, Barry Fitzgerald, Frank McHugh, James Brown

Country: United States of America

Best actor

Bing Crosby

Going My Way

Going My Way

Directed by: Leo McCarey

Starring: Bing Crosby, Barry Fitzgerald, Frank McHugh, James Brown

Country: United States of America

Best actress

Ingrid Bergman

Gaslight

Gaslight

Directed by: George Cukor

Starring: Charles Boyer, Ingrid Bergman, Joseph Cotten, May Whitty

Country: United States of America

world population

Time Person of the Year

Who was the person of the year of 1944?


Dwight D. Eisenhower
General Eisenhower was Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during 1944's Operation Overlord.
Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1944


Peace Prize

  • International Committee of the Red Cross

Literature

  • Johannes Vilhelm Jensen

Physics

  • Isidor Isaac Rabi

Chemistry

  • Otto Hahn

Physiology or Medicine

  • Joseph Erlanger
  • Herbert Spencer Gasser
vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1944?


Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

Double Indemnity

Double Indemnity

Directed by: Billy Wilder

Starring: Fred MacMurray, Barbara Stanwyck, Edward G. Robinson, Byron Barr

Country: United States of America

Laura

Laura

Directed by: Otto Preminger

Starring: Gene Tierney, Dana Andrews, Clifton Webb, Vincent Price

Country: United States of America

Arsenic and Old Lace

Arsenic and Old Lace

Directed by: Frank Capra

Starring: Cary Grant, Priscilla Lane, Raymond Massey, Jack Carson

Country: United States of America

To Have and Have Not

To Have and Have Not

Directed by: Howard Hawks

Starring: Humphrey Bogart, Lauren Bacall, Walter Brennan, Dolores Moran

Country: United States of America

Lifeboat

Lifeboat

Directed by: Alfred Hitchcock

Starring: Tallulah Bankhead, John Hodiak, Walter Slezak, William Bendix

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1944 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1944?


Events

  • 01 Jan 1944 US General Clark replaces General George Patton as commander of 7th Army.
  • 02 Jan 1944 WWII: Free French General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny is appointed to command French Army B, part of the Sixth United States Army Group in North Africa.
  • 03 Jan 1944 World War II: Top Ace Major Greg ''Pappy'' Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero.
  • 04 Jan 1944 Ralph Bunche appointed 1st Negro official in US State Department
  • 05 Jan 1944 The ''Daily Mail'' becomes the first transoceanic newspaper.
  • 07 Jan 1944 US Air Force announces production of first US jet fighter, the Bell P-59.
  • 08 Jan 1944 WWII: Philippine Commonwealth troops enter the province of Ilocos Sur in Northern Luzon and attack Japanese forces.
  • 10 Jan 1944 First mobile electric power plant delivered, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
  • 11 Jan 1944 US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt proposes a Second Bill of Rights for social and economic security in his State of the Union address
  • 12 Jan 1944 Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat, Amsterdam.
  • 14 Jan 1944 Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum / Wolchow
  • 15 Jan 1944 General Eisenhower arrives in England
  • 16 Jan 1944 Gen Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London
  • 17 Jan 1944 Korvet Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
  • 18 Jan 1944 First Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts.
  • 20 Jan 1944 RAF drops 2300 ton bombs on Berlin
  • 21 Jan 1944 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg.
  • 22 Jan 1944 During World War II, Allied forces begin landing at Anzio Italy
  • 23 Jan 1944 Detroit Red Wings score 15 goals against New York Rangers and NHL record 37 points, also most consecutive goals and most lopsided game 15-0.
  • 24 Jan 1944 Allied troops occupy Nettuno, Italy.
  • 27 Jan 1944 Casey Stengel, manager of the Boston Braves since 1938, resigns; Lou Perini, Guido Rugo, and Joseph Maney buy control of Boston Braves.
  • 28 Jan 1944 U-271 and U-571 sunk off Ireland
  • 29 Jan 1944 285 German bombers attack London, England.
  • 30 Jan 1944 US invades Majuro, Marshall Islands.
  • 31 Jan 1944 U-592 sunk off Ireland
  • 01 Feb 1944 US 7th Infantry / 25th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein / Roi / Namur
  • 02 Feb 1944 Baseball meets in NYC to discuss postwar action
  • 03 Feb 1944 World War II: During the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign, U.S. Army and Marine forces seize Kwajalein Atoll from the defending Japanese garrison.
  • 04 Feb 1944 US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein.
  • 05 Feb 1944 358 RAF-bombers attack Stettin, Germany.
  • 07 Feb 1944 Bing Crosby records Swinging on a Star for Decca Records
  • 08 Feb 1944 1st black reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin
  • 09 Feb 1944 U-734 / U-238 sunk off Ireland
  • 10 Feb 1944 Belgium resistance fighter / Author Kamiel van Baelen arrested
  • 11 Feb 1944 U-424 sunk off Ireland
  • 12 Feb 1944 Wendell Wilkie (Republican) enters US presidential race.
  • 14 Feb 1944 Carl Wick publishes Salmon Trolling for Commercial and Sport Fishing
  • 15 Feb 1944 Bombing and shooting at Monte Cassino convent Italy, begins
  • 17 Feb 1944 US begins night bombing of Truk.
  • 18 Feb 1944 Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
  • 19 Feb 1944 U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • 20 Feb 1944 Batman and Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
  • 21 Feb 1944 War As It Happens news show premieres on NBC TV (NYC only)
  • 22 Feb 1944 US 8th Air Force bombs Enschede, Arnhem and Nijmegen by mistake / 800+ die
  • 23 Feb 1944 The Soviet Union begins the forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people from the North Caucasus to Central Asia.
  • 24 Feb 1944 Leo Hendrick A Baekeland, Belgian/US chemist (Bakelite), dies at age 80.
  • 25 Feb 1944 US 1st Army completes invasion plan
  • 26 Feb 1944 1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
  • 29 Feb 1944 US troops land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands.
  • 01 Mar 1944 U-358 sinks in Atlantic
  • 02 Mar 1944 16th Academy Awards - Casablanca, Jennifer Jones and Paul Lukas win
  • 04 Mar 1944 Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
  • 05 Mar 1944 World War II: The Red Army begins the Uman : Botosani Offensive in western Ukrainian SSR.
  • 06 Mar 1944 US Air Force begins daylight bombing of Berlin.
  • 08 Mar 1944 US resumes bombing Berlin, Germany.
  • 09 Mar 1944 World War II: Japanese troops counter-attack American forces on Hill 700 in Bougainville in a battle that would last five days.
  • 10 Mar 1944 Greek Civil War: The Political Committee of National Liberation is established in Greece by the National Liberation Front.
  • 11 Mar 1944 Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
  • 12 Mar 1944 WWII: The Political Committee of National Liberation is created in Greece.
  • 13 Mar 1944 USSR recognizes Italian Badoglio government.
  • 15 Mar 1944 Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
  • 16 Mar 1944 Vichy Internal minister Pucheu sentenced to death.
  • 17 Mar 1944 Actor Charlton Heston weds Lydia Clarke.
  • 18 Mar 1944 Nazi Germany occupies Hungary
  • 19 Mar 1944 World War II: Nazi forces occupy Hungary.
  • 20 Mar 1944 Mount Vesuvius, Italy explodes.
  • 21 Mar 1944 Gen Eisenhower postpones S France invasion until after Normandy
  • 22 Mar 1944 600+ US 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin, Germany.
  • 23 Mar 1944 Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute and lives
  • 24 Mar 1944 811 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 25 Mar 1944 Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
  • 26 Mar 1944 705 British bombers attack Essen, Germany.
  • 27 Mar 1944 40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia ghetto are shot by the Gestapo.
  • 28 Mar 1944 Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle and begins writing Pippi Longstocking
  • 30 Mar 1944 781 British bombers attack Neurenberg, Germany.
  • 31 Mar 1944 Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars.
  • 01 Apr 1944 German Abwehr ends England spiel, after 132 killed
  • 02 Apr 1944 CPI-leader Palmiro Togliatti returns to Italy.
  • 03 Apr 1944 British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
  • 04 Apr 1944 British troops capture Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • 05 Apr 1944 140 Lancasters bomb airplane manufacturer in Toulouse.
  • 06 Apr 1944 Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France overrun by Germans.
  • 09 Apr 1944 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae
  • 10 Apr 1944 Patrolling the Ether is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously
  • 11 Apr 1944 RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague.
  • 13 Apr 1944 SC rejects black suffrage
  • 14 Apr 1944 Freighter Fort Stikene explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
  • 16 Apr 1944 Allied forces started bombing of Belgrade, killing about 1,100 people. This bombing fell on the Orthodox Christian Easter.
  • 19 Apr 1944 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra.
  • 20 Apr 1944 NFL legalizes coaching from the bench.
  • 21 Apr 1944 NFL Chicago Cardinals and Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on December 3).
  • 22 Apr 1944 Hitler and Mussolini meet at Salzburg
  • 24 Apr 1944 RAF bombs Munich
  • 25 Apr 1944 United Negro College Fund incorporates in the USA.
  • 26 Apr 1944 First B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down.
  • 27 Apr 1944 Boston Braves' Jim Tobin no-hits Brooklyn Dodgers, 2-0.
  • 28 Apr 1944 Stalin meets Polish / US priest S Orlemanski
  • 29 Apr 1944 Surprise attack by Van de Peat on General Landsdrukkerij in the Hague.
  • 01 May 1944 Pulitzer prize awarded to Martin Flavin (Journey in the dark)
  • 02 May 1944 WABD (WNEW, now WNYW) TV channel 5 in NYC (DUM / MET / FOX) 1st broadcast
  • 03 May 1944 Meet Me in St. Louis opens on Broadway
  • 05 May 1944 Russian offensive against Sebastopol Krim.
  • 06 May 1944 KJR-AM in Seattle Washington swaps calls with KOMO
  • 08 May 1944 33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
  • 09 May 1944 Country singer Jimmie Davis becomes Governor of Louisiana.
  • 10 May 1944 US court case Smith v Allwright: excluding Blacks from primary voting is illegal.
  • 11 May 1944 Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer
  • 12 May 1944 Krim purged of Nazi troops
  • 13 May 1944 70th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 1:59.2.
  • 14 May 1944 British troops occupy Kohima.
  • 15 May 1944 Dwight Eisenhower, Bernard Montgomery, Winston Churchill and King George VI discuss D-Day plan.
  • 16 May 1944 Military police attack gypsies
  • 17 May 1944 Operation Straightline: Allies land in the Netherlands New-Guinea
  • 18 May 1944 Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins; they are accused of collaborating with the Germans.
  • 19 May 1944 240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork Netherlands.
  • 20 May 1944 US Communist Party dissolves.
  • 21 May 1944 Adolf Hitler begins attack on English/US "terror pilots".
  • 23 May 1944 Operation-Buffalo: Allied jailbreak out Anzio-bridgehead.
  • 24 May 1944 Icelandic voters sever all ties with Denmark.
  • 25 May 1944 Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia.
  • 26 May 1944 US 82nd Airborne division D-day-landing at La Haye du Puits to Ste MFre Eglise.
  • 27 May 1944 Jean-Paul Sartres Huis Clos, premieres in Paris
  • 29 May 1944 British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy.
  • 30 May 1944 Transport nr 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany
  • 31 May 1944 Allied breakthrough in Italy
  • 01 Jun 1944 Gen Montgomery / Patton / Bradley / Dempsey / Crerar meet in Portsmouth
  • 02 Jun 1944 Generals Eisenhower and Montgomery dine in Portsmouth
  • 03 Jun 1944 76th Belmont: G L Smith aboard Bounding Home wins in 2:32.2
  • 04 Jun 1944 1st British gliders touches down on French soil for D-Day
  • 05 Jun 1944 1st British gliders touched down on French soil for D-Day
  • 06 Jun 1944 Baseball cancels all games honoring D-Day invasion
  • 07 Jun 1944 Achilles Veen soccer team forms in Veen
  • 08 Jun 1944 1st SS-Pantser corps counter attacks at Normandy
  • 09 Jun 1944 Russian offensive in Carelia
  • 10 Jun 1944 Nazi murders in Oradour-sur-Glane, France
  • 11 Jun 1944 15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas
  • 12 Jun 1944 1st V-1 rocket assault on London
  • 13 Jun 1944 German counter attack on Villers-Bocage Normandy
  • 14 Jun 1944 1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan
  • 15 Jun 1944 American B-29 Super Fortress bombers based in China begin bombing the Japanese home island of Northern Kyushu.
  • 16 Jun 1944 Iceland adopts constitution
  • 17 Jun 1944 Hitler secretly meets with von Rundstedt in Marjival Soissons
  • 18 Jun 1944 Farewell concert of Willem Mengelberg in Paris
  • 19 Jun 1944 300 Japanese aircrafts shot down
  • 20 Jun 1944 Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
  • 21 Jun 1944 Very heavy bombing on Berlin
  • 22 Jun 1944 Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
  • 23 Jun 1944 Russian offensive in central front sector
  • 25 Jun 1944 British assault at Caen Normandy
  • 26 Jun 1944 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
  • 27 Jun 1944 Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies
  • 29 Jun 1944 German counter attack at Caen
  • 30 Jun 1944 Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
  • 01 Jul 1944 2500+ killed in London / SE England by German flying bombs
  • 02 Jul 1944 Marshal von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt
  • 03 Jul 1944 US V-III-E Army corp opens assault on Coutances Cotentin
  • 04 Jul 1944 1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy
  • 05 Jul 1944 Harry Crosby takes first rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight.
  • 06 Jul 1944 170 die in a fire at Ringling Bros Circus in Hartford Conn
  • 07 Jul 1944 Bomber Command drop 2,572 tons of bombs on Caen, France
  • 08 Jul 1944 British troops march into Caen
  • 09 Jul 1944 In World War II, US troops secure Saipan as Japan fell
  • 10 Jul 1944 U-821 sinks
  • 11 Jul 1944 12th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-1 at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh
  • 12 Jul 1944 Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased
  • 13 Jul 1944 Vilnius, Lithuania, liberated
  • 14 Jul 1944 Attempt to liberate prisoners in Amsterdam fails, John Post arrested
  • 15 Jul 1944 Greenwich Observatory in England damaged by V-1 flying bomb.
  • 16 Jul 1944 Dodgers score 8 unearned runs against Braves to win 8-5 and break their 16-game losing streak, they will lose another 5 in a row
  • 17 Jul 1944 2 ammunition ships explodes at Port Chicago, California kills 322
  • 18 Jul 1944 7:45 Operation-Goodwood: British assault east of Caen
  • 19 Jul 1944 1,200+ 8th Air Force bombers bomb targets in SW Germany
  • 20 Jul 1944 British / Canadian troops occupy Hill 67 / Ifs / Bras / Frenouville, Normandy
  • 21 Jul 1944 British Premier Winston Churchill flies to France, meets Montgomery
  • 22 Jul 1944 The International Monetary Fund is created at the conference at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire.
  • 23 Jul 1944 Chicago Cubs Bill Nicholson hits 4 HRs in a doubleheader
  • 24 Jul 1944 300 allied bombers drop fire bombs on Allied / German positions
  • 25 Jul 1944 US troop march into Guam
  • 26 Jul 1944 Japanese suicide attack on US lines in Guam
  • 27 Jul 1944 Soviet Army frees Majdanek concentration camp
  • 28 Jul 1944 Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy
  • 29 Jul 1944 Allied air force bomb Germany for 6 hours
  • 30 Jul 1944 Heavy battles at Tessy-sur-Vire and Villebaudon Normandy
  • 31 Jul 1944 Last deportation train out Mechelen departs to Auschwitz
  • 01 Aug 1944 Adam Clayton Powell elected 1st black congressman from East
  • 02 Aug 1944 Amsterdam soccer team The Volewijckers plays in orange shirts
  • 03 Aug 1944 Allied troops conquer Myitkyina Burma
  • 04 Aug 1944 Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by Nazis
  • 05 Aug 1944 US 79th / 90th division occupy Laval / Mayenne
  • 06 Aug 1944 All 1,200 Jewish death marchers from Lipcani Moldavia have died
  • 07 Aug 1944 Anton de Kom arrested by Surinam resistance fighter
  • 08 Aug 1944 Canada / Polish troops occupy Cramesnil / Secqueville / Cintheaux / St-Aignan
  • 09 Aug 1944 12 workers of Dutch illegal paper Trouw, executed at Camp Vught
  • 10 Aug 1944 US recaptures Guam from Japanese
  • 11 Aug 1944 British Premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy
  • 12 Aug 1944 Churchill and Tito meet in Naples
  • 13 Aug 1944 British 8th army occupies Florence
  • 14 Aug 1944 British Premier Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica
  • 15 Aug 1944 Allied air raid on train in North Netherlands, 32 killed
  • 16 Aug 1944 2nd Canadian Division occupies Falaise Normandy
  • 17 Aug 1944 4th Canadian Armour division occupiers Trun Normandy
  • 18 Aug 1944 Paris railroad workers strike against Nazi occupiers
  • 19 Aug 1944 Allied air raid on Maastricht, 80+ killed
  • 20 Aug 1944 Anna Lucasta, opens on Broadway
  • 21 Aug 1944 Germans storm up Hill 262 (Mont Ormel) Normandy
  • 22 Aug 1944 Last transport of French Jews to Nazi-Germany
  • 23 Aug 1944 Allied troops capture Marseilles France
  • 24 Aug 1944 Gen LeClercs troops open assault on Paris
  • 25 Aug 1944 France 2nd Tank division under General Leclerc reaches Notre Dame
  • 26 Aug 1944 Bulgaria announces withdrawal and German troops are to be disarmed
  • 27 Aug 1944 200 Halifax bombers attack oil-installations in Homburg
  • 28 Aug 1944 Last German troops in Marseille surrendered and Toulon cleared
  • 29 Aug 1944 Anti German rebellion in Slovakia
  • 30 Aug 1944 11th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 24, All-Stars 21 (48,769)
  • 31 Aug 1944 Allied offensive at Gothen-linie, Italy
  • 01 Sep 1944 Bulgaria government of Bagrjanow, resigns
  • 02 Sep 1944 During WWII, George Bush ejects from a burning plane
  • 03 Sep 1944 58th US Womens Tennis: P Betz beats Margaret Osborne duPont (63 86)
  • 04 Sep 1944 2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt
  • 05 Sep 1944 Mad Tuesday 65,000 Dutch Nazi collaborators flee to Germany
  • 06 Sep 1944 Gen Von Zangens 15th army escape from Zealand
  • 07 Sep 1944 SS-General Kurt Meyer takes Durnal Belgium
  • 08 Sep 1944 1st V-2 rockets land in London and Antwerp
  • 09 Sep 1944 Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal Neth
  • 10 Sep 1944 Lieutenant General Frederick Browning against Montgomery But, sir, I think we might be going a bridge too far
  • 11 Sep 1944 FDR and Churchill meet in Canada at 2nd Quebec Conference
  • 12 Sep 1944 Noorbeek and Mheer freed
  • 13 Sep 1944 30th Infantry division of US 1st Army frees Margraten
  • 14 Sep 1944 6,500 Dutch / Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru
  • 15 Sep 1944 British bombers hit Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs
  • 16 Sep 1944 Adolf Hitler meets with military advisors at Wolfsschanze in East Prussia. Hitler announces he will launch an offensive through the Ardennes, with objective being Antwerp, Belgium. The idea is to isolate the British, Canadian, and two American armies in the north, and force their surrender. The reduced strength of the US might then cause them to make peace, fearful of communist Soviet Union.
  • 17 Sep 1944 British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US
  • 18 Sep 1944 Eindhoven free (Lightly Day)
  • 19 Sep 1944 Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed
  • 20 Sep 1944 Nijmegen free
  • 21 Sep 1944 Last British paratroopers at bridge of Arnhem surrenders
  • 22 Sep 1944 Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel
  • 24 Sep 1944 WWII: The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division takes the strongly defended city of Epinal before crossing the Moselle River and entering the western foothills of the Vosges.
  • 25 Sep 1944 World War II: Surviving elements of the British 1st Airborne Division withdraw from Arnhem in the Netherlands, thus ending the Battle of Arnhem and Operation Market Garden.
  • 26 Sep 1944 British and Polish paratroopers evacuate Oosterbeek (Arnhem)
  • 27 Sep 1944 Helmond and Oss, Netherlands liberated
  • 28 Sep 1944 1st TV Musical comedy (The Boys from Boise)
  • 29 Sep 1944 Browns last in AL attendance, only 6,172 watch them sweep Yanks in DH
  • 30 Sep 1944 Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms
  • 02 Oct 1944 Nazis crush Warsaw Uprising killing 250,000 people
  • 03 Oct 1944 1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland
  • 04 Oct 1944 British troops land on Greek continent
  • 05 Oct 1944 Harold Arlen / ET Harburgs musical premieres in New York City
  • 06 Oct 1944 Allied aircrafts bombard per accident Fishing, Overijssel
  • 07 Oct 1944 Riots in Amersfoort / Utrecht / Strugle
  • 08 Oct 1944 Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet debuts on CBS radio in the USA.
  • 09 Oct 1944 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Stalin
  • 10 Oct 1944 US takes Okinawa
  • 11 Oct 1944 Allies bomb sea wall at Veere
  • 12 Oct 1944 German army retreats from Athens
  • 13 Oct 1944 Riga Latvia freed
  • 14 Oct 1944 British troops march into Athens.
  • 15 Oct 1944 The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes power in Hungary.
  • 16 Oct 1944 Hungary: Horthy government falls / Nazi count Szalasi becomes Premier
  • 18 Oct 1944 Eisenhower, Bradley and Montgomery confer in Brussel
  • 19 Oct 1944 British Premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
  • 20 Oct 1944 Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland explodes, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
  • 21 Oct 1944 Canadian troops occupy Breskens
  • 22 Oct 1944 World War II: Battle of Aachen: The city of Aachen falls to American forces after three weeks of fighting, making it the first German city to fall to the Allies.
  • 23 Oct 1944 1st Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam
  • 24 Oct 1944 Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners
  • 25 Oct 1944 Battle at Samar-island
  • 26 Oct 1944 The Battle of Leyte Gulf ends, as the Japanese fleet withdraws from the victorious American fleet. The Japanese lost 34 ships, including four carriers, three battleships, and forty cruisers.
  • 27 Oct 1944 Hertogenbosch and Tilburg freed from Nazi occupation
  • 28 Oct 1944 Russia and Bulgaria sign weapon pact
  • 29 Oct 1944 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda Neth
  • 30 Oct 1944 Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau
  • 31 Oct 1944 Chief of Staff Kruls names De Quay Chairman of Universal Commission
  • 01 Nov 1944 Zeeuws and Flanders freed
  • 02 Nov 1944 Auschwitz begins gassing inmates
  • 03 Nov 1944 German troops in Vlissingen surrenders
  • 04 Nov 1944 RAF bombs Dinteloord, 54 killed
  • 05 Nov 1944 Allied troops reach Zoutelande Walcheren
  • 06 Nov 1944 Plutonium is first produced at the Hanford Atomic Facility in the USA, subsequently used in the Fat Man Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan.
  • 07 Nov 1944 FDR wins 4th term in office, defeating Thomas E Dewey (R)
  • 08 Nov 1944 Last German troops at Walcheren surrenders
  • 09 Nov 1944 Red Cross wins Nobel peace prize
  • 10 Nov 1944 German riots in Rotterdam / Schiedam 52,000 men sent to Germany
  • 11 Nov 1944 New York Rangers set NHL record of 25 games without a win (0-21-4).
  • 12 Nov 1944 World War II: The Royal Air Force launches 29 Avro Lancaster bombers in one of the most successful precision bombing attacks of war and sinks the German battleship Tirpitz, with 12,000 lb Tallboy bombs off Troms?, Norway.
  • 15 Nov 1944 Surprise attack on office of Nethche Bank
  • 16 Nov 1944 US 9th division and 1st Army attacks at Geilenkirchen
  • 19 Nov 1944 World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
  • 20 Nov 1944 1st Japanse suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
  • 21 Nov 1944 Personnel and executive staff of Philips demonstrate for more food
  • 22 Nov 1944 Duke of Cornwalls Light Infantry occupies Hoven at Geilenkirchen
  • 23 Nov 1944 US 7th army under General Patch conquers Straatsburg
  • 24 Nov 1944 US bombers based on Saipan first attack Tokyo, Japan.
  • 25 Nov 1944 32nd CFL Grey Cup: Montreal HMCS defeat Hamilton Flying Wildcats, 7-6
  • 26 Nov 1944 1st allied marines move onto Antwerp harbor
  • 27 Nov 1944 3,500-4,000 ton explosive, explodes in Staffordshire, 68 killed
  • 28 Nov 1944 1st allied ship sails into Schelde Antwerp
  • 29 Nov 1944 Albania liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
  • 30 Nov 1944 Biggest and last British Battleship HMS Vanguard runs aground
  • 01 Dec 1944 Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands.
  • 02 Dec 1944 General De Gaulle arrives in Moscow
  • 03 Dec 1944 Mussert puts Seyss-Inquart plan for small Nazi-Europe
  • 04 Dec 1944 Germans destroy Rhine dikes, flooding Betuwe.
  • 05 Dec 1944 German troops rob all the silver coin in Utrecht.
  • 06 Dec 1944 US 95th Infantry division reaches German Westwall.
  • 07 Dec 1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation drawn up in Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • 10 Dec 1944 9 Dutch citizens hanged by Nazis
  • 11 Dec 1944 Surprise attack on House of Keeping Axe, 29 prisoners freed
  • 12 Dec 1944 December 13 ampndash WWII: British units attempt to take the hilltop town of Tossignano, but are repulsed.
  • 13 Dec 1944 Japanese kamikaze crashes into US cruiser Nashville, kills 138.
  • 14 Dec 1944 Begin (ning) Liese-Aktion: werving of labor force for Germany
  • 15 Dec 1944 bandleader/composer Glenn Miller ("Chattanooga Choo-Choo"), at age 40, in a plane crash between London and Paris.
  • 16 Dec 1944 Battle of Bulge begins in Belgium
  • 17 Dec 1944 Japanese-Americans released from detention camps
  • 18 Dec 1944 US Destroyers Hull, Spence, and Monaghan sink in typhoon off Philippines, 790 killed.
  • 19 Dec 1944 The entire territory of Estonia is taken by the Red Army.
  • 20 Dec 1944 Archbishop De Young and Bishop Huibers condemn black market
  • 22 Dec 1944 Germans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium
  • 23 Dec 1944 Beginning of harsh winter
  • 26 Dec 1944 Budapest surrounded by Soviet army.
  • 27 Dec 1944 Greece: British Premier Churchill flies back to London
  • 28 Dec 1944 Eisenhower and Montgomery meet in Hasselt Belgium
  • 29 Dec 1944 Gen Eisenhowers train returns to Versailles
  • 30 Dec 1944 King George II of Greece declares a regency, leaving the throne vacant.
  • 31 Dec 1944 48 people die in a train accident in Ogden, Utah, USA.