1952

By 1952, West Germany had over 7 million refugees inside its borders. The Greatest Show on Earth was the highest grossing film starring Betty Hutton and Cornel Wilde.

1952

Pope Pius XII placed André Gide’s works on the Catholic Church’s index of forbidden books. Percy Faith’s Delicado dominated the major charts in the USA and Europe.

United Kingdom and its Dominions, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada, Ceylon, and Pakistan, lost King George VI who died at the age of 56 on February 6, 1952. His daughter Princess Elizabeth, the Duchess of Edinburgh, became queen shortly after the Kings Death while on a visit to Kenya. King George VI funeral took place at St. Georges Chapel in Windsor Castle. Now known as Queen Elizabeth II, she is one of the oldest monarchs in the world.

By the 1950s, the rock and roll genre was taking root in people’s hearts. On March 21, 1952, thousands of people most of them teenagers had lined up outside the Cleveland Arena, top attend the first major rock-and -roll concert. The show dubbed the Moondog Coronation Ball tickets sold out in a single day and set the bar for an ever-growing rock scene.

On December 4, thick smog started to hover over London. At least 4000 people had died by the time it lifted. As per the meteorological reports, high-pressure air mass had stalled over River Thames Valley when cold air came in from the west. This caused the stagnation of the air in London resulting in very low temperatures. The to keep warm the residents burnt extra coal which when coupled with soot, smoke and sulfur oxide from the industries, caused extra thick smog which reduced visibility to a few yards. This went on to cause a train collision, rail accidents, respiratory problems in humans and animals.

Finally, in Science, the Nobel Prize in Medicine went to Selman Abraham Waksman; Physics went to Felix Bloch, Edward Mills Purcell and for Chemistry went to Archer John Porter Martin, Richard Laurence Millington Synge. This was the year that Norman J. Woodland patented the barcode in the USA.

Discover how the world looked like in 1952

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

Singin' in the Rain

Singin' in the Rain

Directed by: Stanley Donen, Gene Kelly

Starring: Gene Kelly, Donald O'Connor, Debbie Reynolds, Jean Hagen

Country: United States of America

Ikiru

Ikiru

Directed by: Akira Kurosawa

Starring: Takashi Shimura, Nobuo Kaneko, Shin'ichi Himori, Haruo Tanaka

Country: United States of America

Limelight

Limelight

Directed by: Charles Chaplin

Starring: Charles Chaplin, Claire Bloom, Nigel Bruce, Buster Keaton

Country: United States of America

High Noon

High Noon

Directed by: Fred Zinnemann

Starring: Gary Cooper, Grace Kelly, Thomas Mitchell, Lloyd Bridges

Country: United States of America

Forbidden Games

Forbidden Games

Directed by: René Clément

Starring: Georges Poujouly, Brigitte Fossey, Amédée, Laurence Badie

Country: United States of America

Books

Which were the most popular books released in 1952 ?
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My Cousin Rachel by Daphne du Maurier

My Cousin Rachel

By:

"From the first page…the reader is back in the moody, brooding atmosphere of Rebecca." —The New York Times From the bestselling author of Rebecca, another classic set in beautiful and mysterious Cornwall.

The Houses In Between by Howard Spring

The Houses In Between

By:

by Howard Spring

The Gown Of Glory by Agnes Sligh Turnbull

The Gown Of Glory

By:

The Gown of Glory

The Caine Mutiny by Herman Wouk

The Caine Mutiny

By:

The Novel that Inspired the Now-Classic Film The Caine Mutiny and the Hit Broadway Play The Caine Mutiny Court-Martial Herman Wouk's boldly dramatic, brilliantly entertaining novel of life-and mutiny-on a Navy warship in the Pacific theater was immediately embraced, upon …

The Cruel Sea by Nicholas Monsarrat

The Cruel Sea

By:

A powerful novel of the North Atlantic in World Wat II, this is the story of the British ships Compass Rose and Saltash and of their desparate cat-and-mouse game with Nazi U-boats.

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1952 in the USA ?

Top #10 male names
  1. James
  2. Robert
  3. John
  4. Michael
  5. David
  6. William
  7. Richard
  8. Thomas
  9. Charles
  10. Gary
Top #10 female names
  1. Linda
  2. Mary
  3. Patricia
  4. Deborah
  5. Susan
  6. Barbara
  7. Nancy
  8. Karen
  9. Debra
  10. Sandra
history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1952?


Events

  • 01 Jan Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 5th string quartet
  • 02 Jan Pal Joey opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 542 performances
  • 03 Jan Dragnet with Jack Webb premieres on NBC TV
  • 05 Jan Flying Enterprise sinks
  • 07 Jan French Plevin government falls.
  • 08 Jan Jordan adopts constitution.
  • 09 Jan Marines give notice that they will recall Ted Williams to active duty
  • 11 Jan Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Marianne Moore.
  • 12 Jan NFL Pro Bowl: National Conference beats American Conference 30-13.
  • 14 Jan Today Show premieres with Dave Garroway and Jack Lescoulie on NBC-TV
  • 16 Jan New Dutch bible translation finished.
  • 19 Jan NFL takes control of New York Yanks
  • 20 Jan Louise Suggs wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open.
  • 24 Jan Fire in main building of French Port Martin Antarctic base.
  • 25 Jan Test debut of Richie Benaud, versus West Indies at the Sydney Cricket Ground.
  • 26 Jan Black Saturday in Egypt: rioters burn Cairo's central business district, targeting British and upper-class Egyptian businesses.
  • 31 Jan Harry Heilmann and Paul Waner elected to Baseball Hall of Fame.
  • 01 Feb General strike against French colonial management in Tunisia.
  • 02 Feb George VI (King of the United Kingdom and his dominions, of Canada, of South Africa, of Australia, of New Zealand and of Ceylon) dies aged 56 after a long illness. He is succeeded by his daughter The Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh (now Elizabeth II), who is on a visit to Kenya. She is simultaneously proclaimed Queen of Canada at Rideau Hall, Ottawa, Ontario.
  • 04 Feb 1st black executive of a major TV station (Jackie Robinson-WNBC NY)
  • 06 Feb Elizabeth II becomes the first Queen regnant of the United Kingdom and several other realms since Queen Victoria, upon the death of her father, George VI. At the exact moment of succession, she was in a treehouse at the Treetops Hotel in Kenya.
  • 07 Feb Elizabeth II is proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom (and her five other Commonwealth realms) at St. James's Palace, London, England.
  • 08 Feb RCA Victor Show Starring Dennis Day, debuts on NBC TV
  • 13 Feb Rocky Marciano defeats Lee Savold for his 39th straight win.
  • 14 Feb Comedian Joey Adams marries gossip columnist Cindy Heller.
  • 16 Feb Hall of Famer Honus Wagner, age 77, retires; Pittsburgh Pirates retire his #33.
  • 18 Feb 4th Emmy Awards: Red Skelton, Sid Caesar and Imogene Coca wins
  • 19 Feb French offensive at Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • 20 Feb 1st black umpire in organized baseball certified (Emmett Ashford)
  • 21 Feb Dick Button performs first figure skating triple jump in competition.
  • 24 Feb Betty MacKinnon and Sam Snead win LPGA Orlando Mixed Golf Tournament.
  • 25 Feb 6th Winter Olympic games close at Oslo, Norway
  • 26 Feb Vincent Massey is sworn in as the first Canadian-born Governor-General of Canada.
  • 29 Feb Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Jacqueline du Bief of France.
  • 01 Mar Egyptian government-Ali Maher Pasja resigns.
  • 02 Mar Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open.
  • 03 Mar Puerto Rico approves their first self-written constitution.
  • 08 Mar Ronald Reagan marries Nancy Davis
  • 09 Mar Heinz Neuhaus wins Europe Heavyweight Boxing title.
  • 10 Mar Military coup by General Fulgencio Batista in Cuba.
  • 15 Mar 2 in the Aisle closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 276 performances
  • 16 Mar Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship.
  • 18 Mar First plastic lens for cataract patients fitted (Philadelphia).
  • 20 Mar 24th Academy Awards: American in Paris, Humphrey Bogart and Vivian Leigh win.
  • 21 Mar 3 Wishes for Jamie opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 94 performances
  • 22 Mar Dutch DC-6 crashes near Frankfurt, Germany, killing 44.
  • 24 Mar Great demonstrations against apartheid in South Africa.
  • 27 Mar Sun Records of Memphis begins releasing records
  • 28 Mar US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Tenley Albright.
  • 29 Mar U.S. President Harry S. Truman announces that he will not seek reelection.
  • 30 Mar 6th Tony Awards: Fourposter and King and I win.
  • 01 Apr Big Bang theory proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe and Gamow
  • 03 Apr Dutch Queen Juliana speaks to US Congress.
  • 05 Apr Henry Wittenberg wins his 8th Amateur Athletic Union wrestling title.
  • 06 Apr 16th Golf Masters Championship: Sam Snead wins his second Masters golf tournament, shooting a 286.
  • 07 Apr The American Research Bureau reports that the I Love Lucy episode, quotThe Marriage Licensequot was the first TV show in history to be seen in around 10,000,000 homes the evening the episode aired.
  • 08 Apr US President Harry Truman seizes the steel mills to prevent a strike.
  • 09 Apr Popular uprising in Bolivia.
  • 11 Apr The Battle of Nanri Island takes place.
  • 12 Apr Salaheddine Baccouche forms Tunisian government.
  • 15 Apr First B-52 bomber prototype test flight.
  • 16 Apr 4 Saints in 3 Acts opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 15 performances
  • 19 Apr 56th Boston Marathon won by Doroteo Flores of Guatemala in 2:31:53.
  • 21 Apr BOAC begins 1st passenger service with jets (London-Rome route)
  • 22 Apr First atomic explosion on network news, Nob Nevada.
  • 23 Apr Bob Cain of Saint Louis Browns and Bob Feller of Cleveland Indians each pitch a one-hitter.
  • 25 Apr 6th NBA Championship: Minneapolis Lakers beat the New York Knicks, 4 games to 3
  • 26 Apr Patty Berg scores 64, best competitive round of golf by a woman
  • 27 Apr 4 Saints in 3 Acts closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 15 performances
  • 28 Apr WW II Pacific peace treaty takes effect
  • 29 Apr Lever House officially opens at 390 Park Avenue in New York City, heralding a new age of commercial architecture in the United States. Designed by Gordon Bunshaft of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, it is the first International Style skyscraper.
  • 30 Apr Mr Potato Head is 1st toy advertised on television
  • 01 May Mr Potato Head, introduced
  • 02 May 1st scheduled jet airliner passenger service began with a BOAC Comet
  • 03 May Call Me Madam closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 644 performances
  • 04 May Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Fresno Golf Open.
  • 05 May Pulitzer prize awarded to Herman Wouk (Caine Mutiny)
  • 06 May Farouk of Egypt has himself announced as a descendant of prophet Muhammad.
  • 08 May Of Thee I Sing opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 72 performances
  • 10 May Shuffle Along closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 4 performances
  • 12 May Charlton Playground named in Bronx
  • 13 May Pandit Nehru becomes premier of India.
  • 15 May Detroit Tigers' pitcher Virgil Trucks no-hits Washington Senators, 1-0.
  • 16 May New Faces (of 1952) opens at Royale Theater NYC for 365 performances
  • 17 May 78th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Blue Man wins in 1:57.4.
  • 18 May Professor WF Libby says Stonehenge dates back to 1848 BCE.
  • 21 May Dutch Queen Juliana opens Amsterdam-Rhine Canal.
  • 27 May European Defense Community forms.
  • 28 May The women of Greece are given the right to vote.
  • 30 May Charlie Grimm succeeds Tommy Holmes as manager of Boston Braves.
  • 01 Jun Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Cross Country Weathervane Golf Tournament
  • 02 Jun 650,000 metal workers go on strike in US
  • 03 Jun Romanian Premier Petru Groza chosen President
  • 05 Jun 1st sporting event televised nationally-Walcott vs. Charles boxing
  • 07 Jun 3 Wishes after Jamie closes at Mark Hellinger NYC after 94 performances
  • 10 Jun President Truman desires nationalizing steel industry
  • 12 Jun USSR declares peace treaty with Japan invalid
  • 13 Jun Soviet fighters shoot Swedish Dakota down over East Sea, kills 8
  • 14 Jun 52nd US Golf Open: Julius Boros shoots a 281 at Northwood Club Dallas
  • 15 Jun ''The Diary of a Young Girl'' is published.
  • 16 Jun Soviet Fighters shoot Swedish Catalina reconnaissance flight down
  • 17 Jun 2 mine cave-ins at Charleroi, Belgium
  • 19 Jun Brooklyn Dodgers' Carl Erskine no-hits Chicago Cubs, 5-0.
  • 21 Jun The Philippine School of Commerce, through a republic act, is converted to Philippine College of Commerce, later to be the Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
  • 23 Jun US airplanes bomb energy centers at Yalu Korea
  • 25 Jun Wish You Were Here opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 597 performances
  • 26 Jun Nelson Mandela and 51 others infringe South Africa curfew
  • 29 Jun First aircraft carrier to sail around Cape Horn - USS Oriskany.
  • 30 Jun Guiding Light soap opera moves from radio to TV
  • 02 Jul Princess Beatrice opens miniature city of Madurodam
  • 03 Jul The Constitution of Puerto Rico is approved by the Congress of the United States.
  • 04 Jul 66th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Frank Sedgman beats J Drobny (46 62 63 62)
  • 05 Jul Of Thee I Sing closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 72 performances
  • 06 Jul Last tram ride in London
  • 07 Jul SS United States cross Atlantic in record 82:40
  • 08 Jul 19th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 3-2 in 5 at Shibe Park, Philadelphia
  • 11 Jul Gen Eisenhower nominated as Republican presidential candidate
  • 12 Jul East German SED decides to form German DR army
  • 13 Jul East Germany announces the formation of its National People's Army.
  • 14 Jul SS United States crosses Atlantic in 84:12 (record westward)
  • 15 Jul Gerald D Lascelles (under English Princess Mary) weds Angela Dowding
  • 17 Jul Shah of Persia named Ghavam Sultaneh Premier
  • 18 Jul KWGN TV channel 2 in Denver, CO (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 19 Jul Paint Your Wagon closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 289 performances
  • 20 Jul Emile Zatopek runs Olympic Record 10K (29:17.0)
  • 21 Jul 7.8 earthquake shakes Kern County California, 14 killed
  • 22 Jul Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution
  • 23 Jul General Neguib seizes power, Monarchy overthrown in Egypt (National Day)
  • 24 Jul Emile Zatopek runs Olympic record 5K (14:06.6)
  • 25 Jul Commonwealth of Puerto Rico created (Constitution Day)
  • 26 Jul King Farouk of Egypt abdicates in favor of his son Fuad.
  • 27 Jul Emile Zatopek runs Olympic record marathon (2:23:03.2)
  • 28 Jul Rogers Hornsby replaces Luke Sewell, as Cincinnati Reds manager
  • 30 Jul Ford Frick sets waiver rule to bar inter-league deals until all clubs in same league get right to bid
  • 03 Aug 15th Olympic games close in Helsinki Finland
  • 05 Aug The Treaty of Taipei between Japan and the Republic of China goes into effect, to officially end the Second Sino-Japanese War.
  • 06 Aug Satchel Paige, 47, becomes oldest pitcher to win a complete shutout
  • 08 Aug Syngman Ree re-elected President of South-Korea
  • 09 Aug General strike against overtime conscription in Belgium
  • 10 Aug Louise Suggs wins LPGA All American Women Golf Tournament
  • 11 Aug Hussein Ibn Talal I, proclaimed King of Jordan
  • 12 Aug Hussain ibn Talal proclaimed King of Jordan
  • 13 Aug Japan joins the IMF.
  • 14 Aug West Germany joins the IMF and the World Bank.
  • 15 Aug 19th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Los Angeles 10, All-Stars 7 (88,316)
  • 16 Aug Lynmouth, North Devon, England is devastated by floods 34 die.
  • 17 Aug Fallout 1st used (NY Times)
  • 20 Aug Stalin meets Chou Enlai
  • 22 Aug The penal colony on Devil's Island is permanently closed.
  • 23 Aug Arab League security pact goes into effect
  • 25 Aug Puerto Rico becomes a US commonwealth
  • 26 Aug Fluoridation of San Francisco water begins.
  • 27 Aug Emil Zatopek wins 12th olympics marathon (2:23:03.2)
  • 28 Aug German and Israeli reach accord about recovery payments
  • 30 Aug The last Finnish war reparations are sent to the Soviet Union.
  • 31 Aug The Grenzlandring racetrack closes in Wegberg, Germany.
  • 01 Sep Sutro Baths, SF purchased by George Whitney
  • 02 Sep Dr Floyd J Lewis 1st uses deep freeze technique in heart surgery
  • 06 Sep Canadian TV begins in Montreal
  • 07 Sep 66th US Womens Tennis: Maureen Connolly beats Doris Hart (63 75)
  • 08 Sep CBC Toronto debuts.
  • 10 Sep Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Thomasville Golf Open
  • 11 Sep West German Chancellor Adenauer signs a reparation pact for Jews.
  • 12 Sep Strange occurrences, including a monster sighting, take place in Flatwoods, West Virginia.
  • 13 Sep Adolfo Ruiz Cortinez elected President of Mexico
  • 15 Sep European Parliament forms in Strasbourg
  • 17 Sep In the USA, "I am an American Day" and "Constitution Day" renamed "Citizenship Day".
  • 18 Sep The Soviet Union vetoes Japan's application for membership in the United Nations.
  • 19 Sep The United States bars Charlie Chaplin from re-entering the country after a trip to England.
  • 20 Sep KPTV TV channel 12 in Portland, OR (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 23 Sep Dodgers clinch NL pennant
  • 24 Sep Dutch Minister Dark sentences war criminal W Lages to death
  • 25 Sep Hal Newhouser of Tigers wins his 200th game
  • 29 Sep Lights Out, last airs on NBC-TV
  • 01 Oct Liberal Party wins Japanese elections
  • 03 Oct 1st British nuclear test at Monte Bello Is Australia
  • 04 Oct Top Banana closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 356 performances
  • 05 Oct 19th Congress of Communist Party meets in Moscow
  • 07 Oct 1st Bandstand broadcast in Philadelphia on WFIL-TV (Dick Clark joins in 1955 as a substitute-host)
  • 08 Oct Chinese offensive in Korea
  • 12 Oct KBTV (now KUSA) TV channel 9 in Denver, CO (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 14 Oct Buttrio Square opens at New Century Theater NYC for 7 performances
  • 16 Oct ''Limelight'' opens in London writer/actor/director/producer Charlie Chaplin arrives by ocean liner in transit his re-entry permit to the USA is revoked by J. Edgar Hoover.
  • 17 Oct Indonesian troops led by General Nasution surround the presidential palace, seeking the dismissal of the People's Representative Council Sukarno avoids confrontation.
  • 18 Oct Buttrio Square closes at New Century Theater NYC after 7 performances
  • 19 Oct Louise Suggs wins LPGA Betty Jameson Golf Tournament
  • 20 Oct Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya
  • 21 Oct Dutch government refuses New-Guinea (West-Irian)
  • 24 Oct Arab Liberation Movement becomes the only party of Syria.
  • 25 Oct 1st Dutch edition of youth magazine Donald Duck
  • 30 Oct Clarence Birdseye sells 1st frozen peas
  • 31 Oct 1st thermonuclear bomb detonated-Marshall Islands
  • 01 Nov 1st hydrogen device exploded at Eniwetok Atoll in Pacific Fusion occurs for 1st time on Earth
  • 03 Nov Clarence Birdseye markets frozen peas
  • 04 Nov Earthquake and flood strike Kamshatka-South America
  • 10 Nov Trygve Halvdan Lie resigns as 1st Secretary General of UN
  • 12 Nov Philadelphia Athletics pitcher Bobby Shantz wins AL MVP
  • 13 Nov False fingernails 1st sold
  • 14 Nov Greek general Papagos wins elections
  • 18 Nov Jomo Kenyatta is arrested in Kenya for an alleged connection to the Mau Mau uprising.
  • 19 Nov North American F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record, 1124 km/h
  • 20 Nov Cubs slugger Hank Sauer wins NL MVP
  • 21 Nov Dodgers pitcher Joe Black wins NL Rookie of Year
  • 25 Nov George Meany appointed as Chairman of AFL
  • 26 Nov 1st modern 3-D movie Bwana Devil, premieres in Hollywood
  • 27 Nov KTBC TV channel 7 in Austin, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 29 Nov 40th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Edmonton Eskimos, 21-11
  • 30 Nov Jackie Robinson charges New York Yankees with racism
  • 01 Dec The New York Daily News reports the news of Christine Jorgenson, the first notable case of sexual reassignment surgery.
  • 02 Dec First human birth televised to public (KOA-TV Denver, Colorado, USA).
  • 03 Dec First TV broadcast in Hawaii.
  • 04 Dec Walter P Reuther chosen chairman of CIO.
  • 05 Dec Great Smog of 1952: A cold fog descends upon London, combining with air pollution and killing at least 12,000 in the weeks and months that follow.
  • 07 Dec KKTV TV channel 11 in Colorado Spgs-Pueblo, CO (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • 08 Dec 1st TV acknowledgement of pregnancy (I Love Lucy)
  • 10 Dec WSLS TV channel 10 in Roanoke, VA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 12 Dec Dallas Texans (former Boston Yankees) play last game, last original team.
  • 14 Dec KROD (now KDBC) TV channel 4 in El Paso, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 15 Dec KHON TV channel 2 in Honolulu, HI (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 18 Dec Ellis W Ryan resigns as Cleveland Indians president.
  • 19 Dec Queen Juliana unveals statue Docker
  • 20 Dec KHQ TV channel 6 in Spokane, WA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 21 Dec WSBT TV channel 22 in South Bend, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 22 Dec WSBA (now WPMT) TV channel 43 in York, PA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 25 Dec One West German soldier is killed in a shooting incident in West Berlin.
  • 26 Dec Joseph Ivor Linton, the first Israeli Minister Plenipotentiary in Japan, presents his credentials to the Japanese Emperor.
  • 28 Dec Detroit Lions beat Cleveland Browns 17-7 in NFL championship game.
  • 29 Dec First transistorized hearing aid offered for sale (Elmsford, New York).
  • 30 Dec Tuskegee Institute reports 1952 as first year in 71 years with no lynchings in USA.