1951

The year 1951 held many events that were to shape the future. Fast forward to the 21st century, these events of 1951 still hold a special place in the hearts of many. By this time, the war was over and it was time to rebuild.

1951

On the summer of 1951 June 14th, J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly under Remington Rand unveiled the ‘UNIVAC Idigital computer. The two visionary engineers added to Charles Babbage’s basic principles that computers of today use. UNIVAC, which stands for the Universal Automatic Computer, became the most revolutionary computer of the time, which could do a thousand calculations per second and used five thousand vacuum tubes.

On July 8, Paris celebrated its existence spanning 2,000 years. Historians trace the founding date to be 250 B. C. thanks to a Gallic tribe called the Parisii who settled on an island on the Seine River that runs through the heart of Paris. The French capital has grown rapidly in its more than two millennia of existence. Paris is now a world leader in fashion, art, science and architecture.

By 1951, Sugar Ray Robinson went into the annals of history as being the best pound-for-pound middleweight boxer of all time. Sugar Ray beat Randy Turpin to win back the middleweight belt in front of over 60,000 fans at the Polo Grounds, New York City on September 12. Sugar Ray retired from boxing with 110 knockouts under his belt in 1965 and 1967; indicted in the International Boxing Hall of Fame.

The annals of history are the place where the thin line between legends and myths seem to be in constant competition. Time holds the answers to all that happens under the sun. We can learn a lot from the past, which holds the mistakes and lessons of our ancestors.

Discover how the world looked like in 1951

Oscar

Oscar Winners

All Academy Awards Prize winners of the 24th edition of the Oscar ceremony


Best picture

An American in Paris

An American in Paris

An American in Paris

Directed by: Vincente Minnelli

Starring: Gene Kelly, Leslie Caron, Oscar Levant, Georges Guétary

Country: United States of America

Best director

George Stevens

A Place in the Sun

A Place in the Sun

Best actress

Vivien Leigh

A Streetcar Named Desire

A Streetcar Named Desire

Directed by: Elia Kazan

Starring: Vivien Leigh, Marlon Brando, Kim Hunter, Karl Malden

Country: United States of America

Best supporting actor

Karl Malden

A Streetcar Named Desire

A Streetcar Named Desire

Directed by: Elia Kazan

Starring: Vivien Leigh, Marlon Brando, Kim Hunter, Karl Malden

Country: United States of America

Best supporting actress

Kim Hunter

A Streetcar Named Desire

A Streetcar Named Desire

Directed by: Elia Kazan

Starring: Vivien Leigh, Marlon Brando, Kim Hunter, Karl Malden

Country: United States of America

Books

Which were the most popular books released in 1951 ?
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My Six Convicts by Donald Powell Wilson

My Six Convicts

By:

Mental health

Joy Street by Frances Parkinson Keyes

Joy Street

By:

A young woman brought up in a Brahmin family on Beacon Hill falls in love with a man from a very different background.

From Here To Eternity by James Jones

From Here To Eternity

By:

Diamond Head, Hawaii, 1941. Pvt. Robert E. Lee Prewitt is a champion welterweight and a fine bugler. But when he refuses to join the company's boxing team, he gets "the treatment" that may

Rommel, The Desert Fox by Desmond Young

Rommel, The Desert Fox

By:

Early in 1941, the famed British Eighth Army was on the route to victory in North Africa. Just a few months later, this same army was on the verge of total

Look Younger, Live Longer by Gayelord Hauser

Look Younger, Live Longer

By:

Every man and woman, young or old, will find in this book sane and sound advice that should make the mature years of life a healthier and happier time.

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1951


Peace Prize

  • Léon Jouhaux

Literature

  • Pär Lagerkvist

Physics

  • John Cockcroft
  • Ernest Walton

Chemistry

  • Edwin McMillan
  • Glenn T. Seaborg

Physiology or Medicine

  • Max Theiler

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Ace in the Hole

Ace in the Hole

Directed by: Billy Wilder

Starring: Kirk Douglas, Jan Sterling, Robert Arthur, Porter Hall

Country: United States of America

Strangers on a Train

Strangers on a Train

Directed by: Alfred Hitchcock

Starring: Farley Granger, Robert Walker, Ruth Roman, Leo G. Carroll

Country: United States of America

A Streetcar Named Desire

A Streetcar Named Desire

Directed by: Elia Kazan

Starring: Vivien Leigh, Marlon Brando, Kim Hunter, Karl Malden

Country: United States of America

Bellissima

Bellissima

Directed by: Luchino Visconti

Starring: Anna Magnani, Walter Chiari, Tina Apicella, Gastone Renzelli

Country: United States of America

The African Queen

The African Queen

Directed by: John Huston

Starring: Humphrey Bogart, Katharine Hepburn, Robert Morley, Peter Bull

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1951 in the USA ?

world population

World Population

Demographic statistics of the year 1951


Population statistics

  • Total population: 2.6 billion (2,584,034,261 to be precise!)
  • Urban population: 775.2 million, that is 30.0% of the total population of 1951 lives in cities
  • Average density: 17.0 persons per km2
history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1951?


Events

  • 01 Jan Massive Chinese/North Korean assault on United Nations-lines.
  • 03 Jan 9 Jewish Kremlin physicians exposed as British / US agents
  • 04 Jan During Korean conflict, North Korean forces capture Seoul.
  • 06 Jan Pardon Our French closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 100 performances
  • 08 Jan Thought extinct since 1615, a Cahow is rediscovered in Bermuda.
  • 09 Jan Life After Tomorrow, 1st film to receive an X rating, premieres
  • 10 Jan United Nations headquarters opens in Manhattan, New York, USA.
  • 12 Jan Ezzard Charles TKOs Lee Oma in ten rounds for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 13 Jan German General F Christian freed early from Dutch prison.
  • 14 Jan NFL Pro Bowl: first since 1942, Americans beat Nationals 28-27.
  • 15 Jan Ilse Koch, ''The Witch of Buchenwald'', wife of the commandant of the Buchenwald concentration camp, is sentenced to life imprisonment by a court in West Germany.
  • 16 Jan Viet Minh offensive against Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • 17 Jan China refuses cease-fire in Korea.
  • 18 Jan 1st use of lie detector in the Netherlands
  • 20 Jan Avalanches in the Alps kill 240 and bury 45,000 for a time in Switzerland, Austria and Italy.
  • 22 Jan Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Johncrowe Ransom.
  • 23 Jan 3rd Emmy Awards: Alan Young Show, Alan Young and Gertrude Berg
  • 24 Jan Dutch government Drees-van Schaik resigns.
  • 25 Jan Dutch author Anne de Vries releases the first volume of her novel ''Journey Through the Night'' (''Reis door de nacht'') set during World War II.
  • 26 Jan Mel Ott and Jimmie Foxx elected to Baseball Hall of Fame.
  • 27 Jan Peter Pan closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 320 performances
  • 28 Jan La Vie Commence Demain, which depicted artificial insemination and is the 1st X-rated movie, opened in London
  • 30 Jan Belgium refuses to allow communists to make speeches on radio.
  • 01 Feb 1st telecast of atomic explosion
  • 02 Feb US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
  • 03 Feb Victor Borge Show, debuts on NBC TV
  • 04 Feb US female Figure Skating championship won by Sonya Klopfer.
  • 06 Feb US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site Argonne Atomic Lab (Ill), to demonstrate lax in security
  • 10 Feb John & Marsha by Stan Freberg peaks at #21
  • 11 Feb Kwame Nkrumah wins first parliamentary election in Gold Coast (Ghana).
  • 12 Feb Muhammad Reza Shah marries Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiari.
  • 13 Feb Korean War: Battle of Chipyong-ni, which represented the ''high-water mark'' of the Chinese incursion into South Korea, commences.
  • 14 Feb Sugar Ray Robinson defeats Jake LaMotta and takes middleweight title.
  • 15 Feb Start of the 1951 New Zealand waterfront dispute, which lasts for 151 days.
  • 16 Feb San Francisco City Hall dome fire
  • 18 Feb Netherlands Radio School forms
  • 19 Feb Jean Lee becomes the last woman hanged in Australia, when Lee and her 2 pimps are hanged for the murder and torture of a 73-year-old bookmaker.
  • 24 Feb Bless You All closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 84 performances
  • 25 Feb Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins Orlando Florida 2 Ball Golf Tournament.
  • 26 Feb 22nd amendment to Constitution is ratified
  • 27 Feb 22nd amendment ratified, limiting President to 2 terms
  • 28 Feb US Senate committee reports of at least two major US crime syndicates.
  • 03 Mar Bill Mikvy (Temple) scores NCAA basketball record 73 points.
  • 06 Mar Belgium extends conscription to 24 months.
  • 08 Mar International Table Tennis Federation bans Egypt (for refusing to play Israel).
  • 09 Mar United Artists releases sci-fi film ''The Man from Planet X''.
  • 10 Mar FBI director J Edgar Hoover declines post of baseball commissioner.
  • 12 Mar Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler loses fight (9-7) to stay in office.
  • 13 Mar Israel demands 6.2 billion Deutsche marks compensation from Germany.
  • 14 Mar During Korean War, US / UN forces recapture Seoul
  • 15 Mar Persia nationalizes Anglo-Iranian Oil Company.
  • 17 Mar Government of Drees takes power
  • 20 Mar Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java.
  • 21 Mar 2,900,000 US soldiers in Korea
  • 23 Mar Wages in France increase 11 percent.
  • 25 Mar 5th Tony Awards: Guys and Dolls and Rose Tattoo win.
  • 26 Mar USAF flag approved
  • 29 Mar King & I opens at St. James Theater NYC for 1246 performances
  • 31 Mar US tanks cross 38 degrees of latitude in Korea.
  • 01 Apr Female suffrage begins in Greece.
  • 05 Apr Julius and Ethel Rosenberg sentenced to death for espionage in the USA.
  • 07 Apr 15th Golf Masters Championship: Ben Hogan wins, shooting a 280.
  • 11 Apr American President Harry Truman fires General Douglas McArthur.
  • 12 Apr Israeli Knesset officially designates April 13 as Holocaust Day.
  • 15 Apr Michael Gorsira is first person in charge of Cura?ao.
  • 16 Apr British submarine Affray sank in English Channel, killing 75
  • 18 Apr Make a Wish opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 102 performances
  • 19 Apr Tree Grows in Brooklyn opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 267 performances
  • 20 Apr Velsen city council demands investigation of police collaborators
  • 21 Apr 5th NBA Championship: Rochester Royals beat the New York Knicks, 4 games to 3
  • 22 Apr Ticker-tape parade for General Douglas MacArthur in New York City, New York, USA.
  • 24 Apr In Yokohama, Japan a fire on a train kills more than 100.
  • 26 Apr Queen Juliana opens Brielsche Mausoleum
  • 27 Apr Mohammed Mossadeq chosen premier of Persia.
  • 28 Apr Robert Menzies' Liberal Party government in Australia is re-elected for a second term.
  • 29 Apr Tibetan delegates to the Central People's Government arrive in Beijing and draft a Seventeen Point Agreement for Chinese sovereignty and Tibetan autonomy.
  • 01 May Dutch Reformed Church introduces new church choir
  • 03 May Gil McDougald ties major league record with 6 RBIs in 1 inning
  • 05 May Out of This World closes at New Century Theater NYC after 157 performances
  • 06 May Pittsburgh Pirates' player Cliff Chambers no-hits Boston Braves, 3-0.
  • 07 May Pulitzer prize awarded to Conrad Richter (The Town)
  • 08 May US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak.
  • 09 May Air raid on Chinese positions at Yalu River.
  • 10 May Z Alexander Looby elected to Nashville City Council
  • 11 May Jay Forrester patents computer core memory.
  • 12 May 1st H Bomb test, on Enewetak Atoll
  • 13 May The 400th anniversary of the founding of the National University of San Marcos is commemorated by the opening of the first large-capacity stadium in Peru.
  • 14 May Flahooley opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 40 performances
  • 15 May The Polish cultural attache in Paris, Czes?aw Mi?osz, asks the French government for political asylum.
  • 16 May The first regularly scheduled transatlantic flights begin between Idlewild Airport (now John F Kennedy International Airport) in New York City and Heathrow Airport in London, operated by El Al Israel Airlines.
  • 18 May UN moves HQ to New York City
  • 19 May 77th Preakness: Eddie Arcaro aboard Bold wins in 1:56.4.
  • 21 May The opening of the Ninth Street Show, otherwise known as the 9th Street Art Exhibition : a gathering of a number of notable artists, and the stepping-out of the post war New York avant-garde, collectively known as the New York School.
  • 23 May Tibetans sign the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet with the People's Republic of China.
  • 24 May Willie Mays begins playing for New York Giants
  • 25 May New York Giant Willie Mays 1st major league game (goes 0 for 5)
  • 27 May Maritime Museum at Aquatic Park, SF opens
  • 28 May Jerry Colonna Show, debuts on ABC-TV
  • 30 May Ezzard Charles beats Joey Maxim in 15 rounds for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 31 May Netherlands and South Africa sign cultural accord.
  • 01 Jun International Cheese treaty signed
  • 04 Jun Mississippi Valley State University founded
  • 09 Jun Doodles Weaver Show, debuts on NBC-TV
  • 11 Jun New York Times reports the NYC subway will auction off things found
  • 13 Jun UN arm forces reach Pyongyang Korea
  • 14 Jun 1st commercial computer, UNIVAC 1, enters service at Census Bureau
  • 15 Jun 1st coml electronic computer dedicated Philadelphia
  • 16 Jun 51st US Golf Open: Ben Hogan shoots a 287 at Oakland Hills Country Club - Michigan
  • 17 Jun Flahooley closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 40 performances
  • 18 Jun De Gaulle wins French parliamentary election
  • 20 Jun Cleveland Indian Bobby Avila hits 3 HRs, double and single vs. Red Sox
  • 21 Jun 17 opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 180 performances
  • 22 Jun Gene Rayburn and Dee Finch show premieres on NBC radio
  • 23 Jun Most expensive US hailstorm (US$1.5 million crop damage and US$14 million property - Kansas).
  • 24 Jun Persian army takes over nationalized oil installations
  • 25 Jun First color TV broadcast-CBS' Arthur Godfrey from New York City to four cities.
  • 30 Jun Victor Borge Show, last airs on NBC-TV
  • 01 Jul Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Eastern Golf Open
  • 02 Jul Bill Veeck buys St. Louis Browns from Bill and Charlie DeWitt
  • 03 Jul 33rd PGA Championship: Sam Snead at Oakmont Country Club - Oakmont, Pennsylvania
  • 05 Jul Dr William Shockley invents junction transistor (Murray Hill NJ)
  • 06 Jul 65th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Dick Savitt beats Ken McGregor (64 64 64)
  • 07 Jul 58th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Doris Hart beats Shirley Fry (61 60)
  • 08 Jul Yankee Joe DiMaggio and mgr Casey Stengel feud
  • 09 Jul US President Harry Truman asks US Congress to formally end state of war with Germany.
  • 10 Jul 18th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 8-3 at Briggs Stadium, Detroit
  • 12 Jul Mob tries to keep black family from moving into all-white Cicero, Illinois
  • 14 Jul Make a Wish closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 102 performances
  • 16 Jul 1st Dutchman to win Tour de France (Wim Van Est)
  • 17 Jul King Leopold II of Belgium gives up throne to son Boudouin I
  • 18 Jul Uruguay accepts its constitution.
  • 19 Jul 2 in the Aisle opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 276 performances
  • 20 Jul King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem.
  • 21 Jul Dalai Lama returns to Tibet
  • 22 Jul Gen Francisco Craveiro Lopes appointed President of Portugal
  • 26 Jul Netherlands ends state of war with Germany
  • 28 Jul Kiss Me, Kate closes at New Century Theater NYC after 1077 performances
  • 30 Jul Ty Cobb testifies before the Emanuel Celler committee, denying that the reserve clause makes peons of baseball players
  • 31 Jul Japan Airlines is established.
  • 03 Aug William H Jackson, ends term as Deputy Director of CIA
  • 05 Aug Armed uprising in Ambonezen Camp Middelburg
  • 06 Aug Typhoon floods kill 4,800 in Manchuria.
  • 07 Aug US viking rocket reaches 210 km height (record)
  • 09 Aug Dutch Korea volunteers win US Collective Unit Citation
  • 11 Aug 100,000 acres flooded from Mississippi River in Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri, and Illinois
  • 12 Aug Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA World Golf Championship
  • 13 Aug Great-Britain and Iraq sign new oil contract
  • 17 Aug 18th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Cleveland 33, All-Stars 0 (92,180)
  • 22 Aug Harlem Globetrotters play in Olympic Stadium, Berlin, Germany, before audience of 75,052.
  • 25 Aug Cleveland Indians win 16th straight home game
  • 26 Aug Jongbloed in Paris demonstrates artificial heart
  • 28 Aug Braves sell pitcher Johnny Sain to the Yankees for $50,000
  • 30 Aug US and Philippines sign mutual defense pact
  • 01 Sep Prime Minister Ben-Gurion orders establishment of Israeli secret service Mossad
  • 02 Sep Australia, New Zealand and US sign ANZUS-pact
  • 03 Sep TV soap opera Search for Tomorrow debuts on CBS
  • 04 Sep 1st transcontinental TV broadcast, by President Truman
  • 05 Sep 65th US Womens Tennis: Mo Connolly beats Shirley J Fry (63 16 64)
  • 08 Sep Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sempiternus Rex
  • 09 Sep 1st broadcast of Love of Life on CBS-TV
  • 10 Sep British begins economic boycott of Iran
  • 11 Sep Florence Chadwick becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel from England to France. It takes 16 hours and 19 minutes
  • 13 Sep St. Louis Cardinals beat the New York Giants 6-4 (rescheduled from 9 / 12) then at night lose to Boston Braves 2-0
  • 15 Sep Emile Zatopek runs world record 20k (1:01:15.8)
  • 16 Sep NL ump Frank Dascoli clears the Dogers bench ejecting 15 players
  • 17 Sep Borscht Capades opens at Royale Theater NYC for 90 performances
  • 18 Sep Tennessee Williams's adaptation of ''A Streetcar Named Desire'' premieres, becoming a critical and box-office smash.
  • 19 Sep 1st broadcast of Search for Tomorrow on CBS-TV
  • 20 Sep NL President Ford Frick elected 3rd commissioner of baseball
  • 21 Sep Emil Zatopek runs 15,000m in record 44 min, 54.6 sec
  • 24 Sep Industrial estate at Harlow New Town UK opens
  • 26 Sep Prof Youngblood demonstrates artificial heart in Paris
  • 27 Sep Persian troops occupies oil refinery at Abadan
  • 28 Sep Franchot Tone wed Barbara Payton
  • 29 Sep Emile Zatopek runs world record 20,000 m and 10 mile
  • 01 Oct 1st Giant-Dodgers playoff game, Giants win 3-1
  • 02 Oct 1st Netherlands TV broadcast (Toverspiegel)
  • 03 Oct Bobby Thomson HR-Giants win pennant defeating Dodgers
  • 04 Oct In opening World Series game, Giant Monte Irvin steals home in 1st inn
  • 06 Oct Stalin proclaims Russia has atom bomb
  • 07 Oct David Ben-Gurion forms Israeli government.
  • 08 Oct Music in the Air opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 56 performances
  • 09 Oct 5th NHL All-Star Game: 1st Team ties 2nd Team 2-2 at Toronto
  • 14 Oct Organization of Central American States forms
  • 15 Oct I Love Lucy debuts on CBS TV
  • 16 Oct The first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated in Rawalpindi.
  • 17 Oct Egyptian army fires on British troops
  • 19 Oct President Harry S Truman formally ends state of war with Germany.
  • 20 Oct The ''Johnny Bright Incident'' occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma
  • 21 Oct A storm in southern Italy kills over 100.
  • 22 Oct Earthquake hits Formosa, 100 killed
  • 24 Oct United Nations publishes its first postage stamps.
  • 25 Oct Peace talks aimed at ending Korean War resumed in Panmunjom.
  • 26 Oct Emile Zatopek runs world record 30,000m, 25,000m and 15 miles
  • 27 Oct Farouk of Egypt declares himself king of Sudan, with no support.
  • 31 Oct Second Chamber accept plan-Schuman
  • 01 Nov Top Banana opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 356 performances
  • 04 Nov New York Giants and New York Yankees score back-to-back touchdowns on kickoff returns.
  • 07 Nov Constitution of Jordan passes.
  • 08 Nov New York Yankee Catcher Yogi Berra wins 1st of his 3 MVP awards
  • 10 Nov Direct-dial coast-to-coast telephone service begins in the United States.
  • 12 Nov Paint Your Wagon opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 289 performances
  • 15 Nov New York Yankee Gil McDougald wins AL Rookie of Year
  • 18 Nov See it Now premieres on TV
  • 19 Nov Roy Campanella named National League Most Valuable Player on his 30th birthday.
  • 20 Nov Snowdonia becomes a National Park
  • 24 Nov 17 closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 180 performances
  • 25 Nov Commemoration of Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft forbidden
  • 27 Nov Cease-fire and demarcation zone accord signed in Panmunjon Korea
  • 28 Nov Military coup under Col Adib el-Shishakli in Syria
  • 29 Nov Winston Churchill re-elected British Premier
  • 01 Dec Golden Gate Bridge closes due to high winds
  • 02 Dec Borscht Capades closes at Royale Theater NYC after 90 performances
  • 03 Dec The Lebanese University is founded in Lebanon.
  • 04 Dec Superheated gases roll down Mount Catarman (Philippines), killing 500.
  • 05 Dec Dragnet premieres
  • 06 Dec A state of emergency is declared in Egypt due to increasing riots.
  • 08 Dec Tree Grows in Brooklyn closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 267 performances
  • 13 Dec Future British Prime Minister Margaret Roberts Thatcher marries Denis Thatcher.
  • 16 Dec Salar Jung Museum is opened to the public by Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • 17 Dec Dutch Communist Party members forbidden to be civil servants.
  • 20 Dec The EBR-1 in Arco, Idaho becomes the first nuclear power plant to generate electricity. The electricity powered four light bulbs.
  • 22 Dec The Selangor Labour Party is founded in Selangor, Malaya.
  • 23 Dec Last Belgian communities get electricity.
  • 24 Dec 1st televised opera (Amahl & Night Visitor)
  • 27 Dec 40th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in Sydney (3-2).
  • 29 Dec Flying Enterprise in difficulty in Canal
  • 31 Dec The Marshall Plan expires after distributing more than $13.3 billion USD in foreign aid to rebuild Europe.