1955

1955 was a full decade removed from World War Two, and one of the great Allied commanders of the war, General Dwight D. Eisenhower had become President Eisenhower, the 34th President of the United States. In 1955, President Eisenhower made a fateful decision that would affect American foreign policy and millions of lives for many years: he sent the first American soldiers as advisors to Vietnam.

1955

This was also a year of notable developments in the Cold War between the West and the East, led by the United States and the Soviet Union, respectively. In the East, the Warsaw Pact was signed in May. This was a mutual defense treaty among the Soviet countries and Soviet satellite nations as an equivalent to the Western powers’ formation of NATO. In the West, the United States made significant commitments to defense technology. In January, the USS Nautilus, the first nuclear-powered submarine, went out to sea for the first time. During the same month, the Pentagon formally announced a plan to develop intercontinental ballistic missiles with nuclear warheads attached to them.

1955 was also a landmark year for the Civil Rights Movement in America. In December of this year, Rosa Parks famously refused to obey a bus drivers’ order to get out of her seat to make room for a white passenger. This sparked several significant protests in her city of Montgomery, Alabama.

There were also some notable developments for popular culture this year, as Jim Henson created an early version of Kermit the Frog. In July of 1955, Walt Disneyopened his world-famous theme park – Disneyland – in Anaheim, California.

Finally, the world lost one of its brightest minds this year – Albert Einstein passed away at the age of 76. However, the world gained two more brilliant people, as Bill Gates and Steve Jobs were born this year.

Discover how the world looked like in 1955

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Pather Panchali

Pather Panchali

Directed by: Satyajit Ray

Starring: Kanu Bannerjee, Karuna Bannerjee, Subir Banerjee, Chunibala Devi

Country: United States of America

Diabolique

Diabolique

Directed by: Henri-Georges Clouzot

Starring: Simone Signoret, Véra Clouzot, Paul Meurisse, Charles Vanel

Country: United States of America

Escuela de vagabundos

Escuela de vagabundos

Directed by: Rogelio A. González

Starring: Pedro Infante, Miroslava, Blanca de Castejón, Óscar Pulido

Shree 420

Shree 420

Directed by: Raj Kapoor

Starring: Nargis, Raj Kapoor, Nadira, Nemo

East of Eden

East of Eden

Directed by: Elia Kazan

Starring: James Dean, Raymond Massey, Julie Harris, Burl Ives

Country: United States of America

Books

Which were the most popular books released in 1955 ?
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Why Johnny Can'T Read by Rudolf Franz Flesch

Why Johnny Can'T Read

By:

The classic book on phonics--the method of teaching recommended by the U.S. Department of Education. Contains complete materials and instructions on teaching children to read at home.

Gertrude Lawrence As Mrs. A. by Richard Stoddard Aldrich

Gertrude Lawrence As Mrs. A.

By:

Gertrude Lawrence, as Mrs. Q, by her husband, Richard Stoddard Aldrich, Greystone, 1954, LCCC# 54-11970. 414 pages. NF/VG.

A Man Called Peter by Catherine Marshall

A Man Called Peter

By:

In the Preface to A Man Called Peter, Catherine Marshall tells of a dream she had after Peter Marshall's death: Peter was working in a rose garden and said playfully, "I

The Power Of Positive Thinking by Norman Vincent Peale

The Power Of Positive Thinking

By:

An international bestseller with over five million copies in print, The Power of Positive Thinking has helped men and women around the world to achieve fulfillment in their lives through Dr.

The View From Pompey'S Head by Hamilton Basso

The View From Pompey'S Head

By:

Sweet, sleepy -- beautiful -- old Pompey's Head, South Carolina. Anson Page thought he'd ground it out of his life for good. Now a Manhattan lawyer representing a large publishing house, he's returning to his hometown after fifteen years to …

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1955 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1955?


Events

  • 01 Jan WEAT (now WPEC) TV channel 12 in West Palm Beach, Florida (CBS) begins
  • 02 Jan 1st Bob Cummings Show premieres on NBC (later on CBS)
  • 03 Jan José Ramón Guizado becomes president of Panama.
  • 04 Jan The Greek National Radical Union is formed by Konstantinos Karamanlis.
  • 05 Jan KMSP TV channel 9 in Minneapolis-St Paul, MN (IND) 1st broadcast
  • 07 Jan Marian Anderson becomes 1st black singer to perform at Met (NYC)
  • 08 Jan WUNC TV channel 4 in Chapel Hill, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 15 Jan 1st official act of Princess Beatrice, launches tanker Vasum
  • 16 Jan Jackie Pung wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open.
  • 17 Jan Submarine USS Nautilus begins first nuclear-powered test voyage.
  • 18 Jan Battle of Yijiangshan is fought.
  • 19 Jan Millionaire TV program premieres on CBS
  • 20 Jan 1st atomic sub, USS Nautilus, launched at Groton Conn
  • 22 Jan Norwegian government of Einar Gerhardsen forms.
  • 23 Jan KORK (now KVBC) TV channel 3 in Las Vegas, NV (NBC) 1st broadcast
  • 25 Jan Columbia University scientists develop an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years.
  • 27 Jan Plain & Fancy opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 476 performances
  • 28 Jan United States Congress authorizes President Dwight D. Eisenhower to use force to protect Formosa from the People's Republic of China.
  • 29 Jan John William Cox buys Yankee Stadium, sells grounds to Knights of Columbus, later leaves structure to Rice University (1962).
  • 31 Jan RCA demonstrates first music synthesizer.
  • 01 Feb Ray Kroc opens a McDonald's fast food restaurant (the company's 9th since it was founded in 1940), but Kroc later takes over the company and oversees its worldwide expansion.
  • 02 Feb First Presidential news conference on network TV - Dwight Eisenhower on ABC.
  • 04 Feb Pact of Mutual Cooperation quotBaghdad Pactquot signed.
  • 08 Feb Malenkov resigns as USSR premier, Bulganin replaces him.
  • 09 Feb US federations of trade unions merge into AFL / CIO
  • 10 Feb Seventh Fleet of the United States Navy helps the Republic of China evacuate Chinese Nationalist army and residents from the Tachen Islands to Taiwan.
  • 12 Feb WTVY TV channel 4 in Dothan, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 13 Feb KRCG TV channel 13 in Jefferson City, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 14 Feb WFLA (now WXFL) TV channel 8 in Tampa-St Petersburg, Florida (NBC) begins
  • 16 Feb Nearly 100 die in a fire at a home for the elderly in Yokohama, Japan.
  • 17 Feb KTVF TV channel 11 in Fairbanks, AK (CBS / ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 18 Feb Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey and Iraq a defense alliance.
  • 19 Feb South East Asia Collective Defense Treaty goes into effect.
  • 20 Feb Fay Crocker wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open.
  • 22 Feb British aircraft carrier Ark Royal sets sail
  • 23 Feb First meeting of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
  • 24 Feb Silk Stockings opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 461 performances
  • 26 Feb Peter Pan closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 149 performances
  • 27 Feb Betty Jameson wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open.
  • 01 Mar KFAR (now KATN) TV channel 2 in Fairbanks, AK (ABC / NBC) 1st broadcast
  • 02 Mar King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates the throne in favor of his father, King Norodom Suramarit.
  • 03 Mar Elvis Presley appears on television for the first time.
  • 05 Mar WBBJ TV channel 7 in Jackson, TN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 06 Mar Jackie Pung wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open.
  • 07 Mar 7th Emmy Awards: Make Room for Daddy, Danny Thomas and Loretta Young
  • 13 Mar Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal.
  • 14 Mar Prince Mahemdra becomes king of Nepal.
  • 15 Mar Dutch 2nd Chamber requires TV licenses
  • 16 Mar US President Dwight Eisenhower upholds the use of atomic weapons in case of war.
  • 17 Mar The Richard Riot occurs in Montreal.
  • 18 Mar I Hatojama recognized as premier of Japan.
  • 19 Mar KXTV of Stockton, California, signs on the air in the United States, being the 100th commercial television station in this country.
  • 20 Mar KXTV TV channel 10 in Sacramento, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 21 Mar Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus desires Cyprus joining Greece
  • 24 Mar Tennessee Williams, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof opens for 694 performances
  • 26 Mar "Ballad of Davy Crockett" becomes the #1 record in US.
  • 27 Mar 9th Tony Awards: Desperate Hours and Pajama Game win.
  • 30 Mar 27th Academy Awards: On the Waterfront, Marlon Brando and Grace Kelly win.
  • 31 Mar US Assay Office in Seattle, Washington, USA closes.
  • 01 Apr WTVT TV channel 13 in Tampa-St Petersburg, Florida (CBS) 1st broadcast
  • 02 Apr US female Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright.
  • 03 Apr Baltimore Orioles pull their first triple play (3-6-2 versus Kansas City Athletics).
  • 04 Apr British government signs military treaty with Iraq.
  • 05 Apr Winston Churchill resigns as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom amid indications of failing health.
  • 06 Apr 3 for Tonight opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 85 performances
  • 09 Apr US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
  • 10 Apr Ruth Ellis shoots jilting lover David Blakely
  • 11 Apr The Air India Kashmir Princess is bombed and crashes in a failed assassination attempt on Zhou Enlai by the Kuomintang.
  • 12 Apr 1st game in Kansas City, Athletics beat Detroit Tigers, 6-2
  • 13 Apr 20.33 inches (51.64 cm) of rainfall in Axis, Alabama (state record).
  • 14 Apr Elston Howard becomes the 1st black to wear the Yankee uniform
  • 15 Apr US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
  • 16 Apr Burma-Japanese peace treaty, signed in Rangoon on November 5, 1954, comes into effect, formally ending a state of war between the two countries that had not existed for a long time.
  • 17 Apr Betty Jameson wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open.
  • 18 Apr Ankles Aweigh opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 176 performances
  • 19 Apr 59th Boston Marathon won by Hideo Hamamura of Japan in 2:18:22.
  • 20 Apr Saint of Bleecker St closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 performances
  • 21 Apr Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die.
  • 22 Apr US Congress orders all US coins to bear motto "In God We Trust".
  • 23 Apr Kismet closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 583 performances
  • 24 Apr Conference of Bandung against colonialism / for self determination, ends
  • 28 Apr WBIQ TV channel 10 in Birmingham, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 30 Apr West German unions protest for 40-hour work week and more wages.
  • 01 May Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Tournament.
  • 02 May Pulitzer prize awarded Tennessee Williams for (Cat on Hot Tin Roof)
  • 05 May Damn Yankees opens at 46th Steet Theater in New York City for 1022 performances.
  • 06 May West Germany joins NATO
  • 07 May West Europe Union established.
  • 09 May German Federal Republic joins NATO.
  • 11 May Israel attacks Gaza.
  • 12 May Chicago Cub Sam Jones is 1st black to pitch no-hitter (Pirates, 4-0)
  • 14 May US performs nuclear test in Pacific Ocean.
  • 15 May Austrian state treaty signed making Austria independent again
  • 16 May King Baudouin of Belgium visits Congo
  • 17 May Dutch Government of Drees resigns.
  • 18 May Queen Juliana opens E55 fair in Amsterdam
  • 19 May Atkinson and Depeiaza make 347 stand for 7th wkt West Indies versus Australia.
  • 20 May Argentine parliament accepts separation of church and state.
  • 21 May House of Flowers closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 165 performances
  • 22 May Oldest man to drive in the Grand Prix (aged 55) finishes 6th
  • 23 May Presbyterian Church begins accepting women ministers
  • 25 May First ascent of Kangchenjunga (8,586 m.), the third highest mountain in the world, by a British expedition led by Joe Brown and George Band.
  • 26 May 7th Heaven opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 44 performances
  • 27 May Red Buttons Show, last airs on NBC-TV
  • 28 May Bob Sweikert wins Indianapolis 500 with an average speed of 128.213 mph.
  • 29 May Jordan government of Tewfik Abdul Huda resigns.
  • 30 May KMVT TV channel 11 in Twin Falls, ID (CBS / NBC / ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 31 May Great Britain proclaims emergency crisis due to railroad strike.
  • 01 Jun Habib Bourguiba ends exile from Tunisia
  • 02 Jun The USSR and Yugoslavia sign the Belgrade declaration and thus normalize relations between both countries, discontinued since 1948.
  • 03 Jun KLFY TV channel 10 in Lafayette, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 04 Jun Mickey Rooney Show, TV comedy last airs on NBC
  • 05 Jun Louise Suggs wins LPGA Eastern Golf Open
  • 06 Jun Bill Haley and The Comets' song "Rock Around the Clock" hits #1.
  • 07 Jun $64,000 Question premieres on CBS TV
  • 08 Jun Dodgers option Tommy Lasorda to make room on roster for Sandy Koufax
  • 10 Jun KWEX TV channel 41 in San Antonio, TX (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 11 Jun 1st magnesium jet airplane flies
  • 12 Jun Mr Peepers (TV Comedy) starring Wally Cox airs for last time on NBC
  • 13 Jun Mercedes racing car kills 77 at Le Mans, France.
  • 14 Jun Chile becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 15 Jun Australia score 8-758 vs. West Indies at Kingston, their best ever
  • 16 Jun Louise Suggs wins LPGA Triangle Round Robin Golf Tournament
  • 18 Jun 3 for Tonight closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 85 performances
  • 19 Jun 55th US Golf Open: Jack Fleck shoots a 287 at Olympic Country Club - San Francisco
  • 20 Jun Almost Crazy opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 16 performances
  • 22 Jun Antonio Segni forms government in Italy
  • 24 Jun Harmon Killebrew hits his first home run (off Billy Hoeff).
  • 25 Jun Can Can closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 892 performances
  • 26 Jun Actor Geoffrey Holder marries Carmen de Lavallade
  • 27 Jun Julius LaRosa Show, debuts on CBS-TV
  • 29 Jun Argentine state of siege ends
  • 30 Jun Johnny Carson Show, debuts on CBS-TV
  • 01 Jul 69th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Tony Trabert beats Kurt Nielsen (63 75 61)
  • 02 Jul 7th Heaven closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 44 performances
  • 05 Jul English harbor strike ends
  • 07 Jul 1st LPGA Championship won by Beverly Hanson
  • 09 Jul Rock Around Clock hits #1 on Top 100 chart
  • 11 Jul Congress authorizes all US currency to say In God We Trust
  • 12 Jul 22nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-5 in 12 at County Stadium, Milwaukee
  • 15 Jul WNDU TV channel 16 in South Bend, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 16 Jul Golden Horseshoe Revue 1st of 50,000+ performances, Disneyland
  • 17 Jul Arco, Idaho becomes first US city lit by nuclear power.
  • 18 Jul 280 mm rain in Martinstown, Dorset (UK-record)
  • 19 Jul Balclutha ties up at Pier 43 and becomes a floating museum
  • 21 Jul First submarine powered by liquid metal cooled reactor launched - USS Seawolf.
  • 22 Jul 1st VP to preside over cabinet meeting-R Nixon
  • 23 Jul New York Yankees Bob Cerv and E Howard are 1st to hit consecutive pinch HRs
  • 24 Jul Ali Sastroamidjojo of Government resigns in Indonesia
  • 26 Jul 37th PGA Championship: Doug Ford at Meadowbrook Country Club - Detroit
  • 27 Jul Bulgaria shoots down a plane heading for Israel (58 die)
  • 28 Jul The Union Mundial pro Interlingua is founded at the first Interlingua congress in Tours, France.
  • 29 Jul Smokey Burgess hits three home runs to help Pittsburgh Pirates beat Cincinnati Reds 16-5.
  • 30 Jul Louison Bobet wins his 3rd Tour de France
  • 31 Jul Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Battle Creek Golf Open
  • 01 Aug Tengku Abdul Rahman forms Malacca government
  • 03 Aug Roger Moens runs world record 800 m (1:45.7)
  • 04 Aug Eisenhower authorizes $46 million for construction of CIA headquarters
  • 05 Aug After playing 274 straight games at 2nd base, Nellie Fox is given a day off he comes back next 798 consecutive games
  • 07 Aug Bar-Ilan University founded in Israel
  • 08 Aug Fidel Castro forms July 26th Movement
  • 11 Aug Indonesia government of Harahap forms
  • 12 Aug 22nd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 30, Cleveland 27 (75,000)
  • 15 Aug WXEX TV channel 8 in Richmond-Petersburg, VA (ABC) begins
  • 16 Aug Fiat Motors orders first private atomic reactor.
  • 17 Aug Hurricane Diane, following hurricane Connie floods Connecticut River killing 190 and doing $1.8 billion damage.
  • 18 Aug 46.1 cm rainfall at Westfield, Massachusetts (state record)
  • 19 Aug 32.4 cm precipitation at Burlington, Connecticut (state record)
  • 20 Aug First airplane to exceed 1800 mph (2897 kph) - HA Hanes, Palmdale, California, USA.
  • 22 Aug Eleven schoolchildren are killed when their school bus is hit by a freight train in Spring City, Tennessee.
  • 23 Aug Betty Jameson wins LPGA White Mountain Golf Open
  • 25 Aug Last Soviet forces leave Austria
  • 27 Aug Guinness Book of World Records 1st published
  • 28 Aug Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Heart of America Golf Tournament
  • 31 Aug 1st microwave TV station operated (Lufkin, Tx)
  • 01 Sep 2 Egyptian fighters shot down over Israel
  • 02 Sep KCRA TV channel 3 in Sacramento, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 03 Sep KTBS TV channel 3 in Shreveport, LA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 05 Sep Fred Kaps becomes world champion magician
  • 06 Sep Catch a Star opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 23 performances
  • 08 Sep Disneyland welcomes its one millionth visitor.
  • 09 Sep Don Zimmer, hits 4,000th Dodger home run
  • 10 Sep Gunsmoke premieres on CBS TV
  • 11 Sep 69th US Womens Tennis: Doris Hart beats Patricia Ward (64 62)
  • 12 Sep KNTV TV channel 11 in San Jose, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 14 Sep Herb Score sets rookie record of 235 strikeouts (en route 245)
  • 15 Sep WCTV TV channel 6 in Tallahassee-Thomasville, Florida (CBS) begins
  • 16 Sep Bauer and Berra homer in 9th beating Red Sox 5-4 taking over 1st
  • 17 Sep Ankles Aweigh closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 176 performances
  • 18 Sep Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Mile High Golf Open
  • 19 Sep Cubs slugger Ernie Banks hits record 5th grand slam of season
  • 20 Sep Willie Mays (Giants) homers off Vern Law (Pirates) in both ends of DH
  • 21 Sep Last allied occupying troops leave Austria
  • 22 Sep (ITV) Commercial TV begins in England
  • 23 Sep Pakistan signs Pact of Baghdad
  • 24 Sep Catch a Star closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 23 performances
  • 25 Sep Detroit outfielder Al Kaline, 20, is youngest batting champ
  • 26 Sep New York Stock Exchange suffers worst stock prices decline since 1929.
  • 28 Sep 1st World Series color TV broadcast on NBC-TV (Yanks beat Dodgers)
  • 29 Sep Sergeant Preston, debuts on CBS
  • 30 Sep Film star James Dean dies in a road accident aged 24.
  • 01 Oct Honeymooners premieres
  • 02 Oct Alfred Hitchcock Presents premieres
  • 03 Oct Captain Kangaroo premieres on CBS-TV, Good Morning, Captain!
  • 04 Oct Brooklyn Dodgers only World Series victory, beating New York Yankees in 7 (World Series #52).
  • 05 Oct Disneyland Hotel opens to the public in Anaheim, California.
  • 06 Oct LSD made illegal in US
  • 07 Oct Aircraft carrier USS Saratoga at Brooklyn launched
  • 08 Oct World's most powerful aircraft carrier, Saratoga (US), launched.
  • 09 Oct Betty Jameson wins LPGA Richmond Golf Open
  • 11 Oct All Peron feast days disposed of in Argentina
  • 14 Oct ODECA secretariat inaugurated.
  • 17 Oct Lee Merriwether joins Today Show panel
  • 18 Oct Track and Field names Jesse Owens all-time track athelete
  • 20 Oct No Time for Sergeants opens on Broadway, starring Andy Griffith
  • 22 Oct WWNY TV channel 7 in Carthage-Watertown, New York (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 23 Oct Dominican League moves to winter baseball for 1st time
  • 25 Oct Austria resumed its sovereignty after departure of last Allied occupation forces, for 1st time since German occupation of 1938
  • 26 Oct 1st edition of Village Voice (NYC) published
  • 27 Oct Argentine peso devalued
  • 28 Oct Egypt and Saudi-Arabia sign defense treaty
  • 29 Oct Belgium signs accord for 5 day work week (45 hours)
  • 31 Oct Mgr Alfrink appointed Archbishop of Utrecht
  • 01 Nov The bombing of United Airlines Flight 629 occurs near Longmont, Colorado, killing all 39 passengers and five crew members aboard the Douglas DC-6B airliner.
  • 02 Nov Clarton-Schwerdt and Schaffer discover polio virus
  • 03 Nov 1st virus crystallized (announced)
  • 04 Nov After being totally destroyed in World War II, the rebuilt Vienna State Opera reopens with a performance of Beethoven's Fidelio.
  • 05 Nov Montreal Canadien Jean Beliveau scores 2nd fastest hat trick (44 seconds)
  • 06 Nov 11th Ryder Cup: US, 8-4 at Thunderbird Ranch and Country Club - California
  • 07 Nov Supreme Court of Baltimore bans segregation in public recreational areas.
  • 09 Nov New Zealand all out for 70 vs. Pakistan at Dacca
  • 10 Nov Vamp opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 60 performances
  • 12 Nov 1st West German officers sworn in
  • 13 Nov Argentine General Pedro Aramburu succeeds E Lonardi as President
  • 15 Nov Poland andYugoslavia sign trade agreement
  • 16 Nov Johnny Cash made his 1st chart appearance with Cry Cry Cry
  • 18 Nov Bell X-2 rocket plane taken up for first powered flight.
  • 19 Nov KXMB TV channel 12 in Bismarck, ND (CBS / ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 20 Nov Bo Diddley makes his television debut on Ed Sullivan's ''Toast Of The Town'' show for the CBS-TV network.
  • 21 Nov KTVO TV channel 3 in Ottumwa-Kirksville, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 23 Nov British transfer Cocos (Keeling) Island in Indian Ocean to Australia.
  • 25 Nov Race segregation forbidden on trains and buses between US states
  • 26 Nov Boy Friend closes at Royale Theater NYC after 483 performances
  • 28 Nov KMVI (now WMAU) TV channel 12 in Wailuku, HI (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 29 Nov Turkish government of Menderes resigns
  • 30 Nov Pipe Dream opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 245 performances
  • 01 Dec Rosa Parks (black) arrested for refusing to move to the back of bus
  • 03 Dec KTVE TV channel 10 in Monroe-El Dorado, LA (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 05 Dec Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery, Alabama, by Rosa Parks.
  • 06 Dec New York psychologist Joyce Brothers wins TV's "$64,000 Question" on boxing.
  • 08 Dec 21st Heisman Trophy Award: Howard Cassady, Ohio State (HB).
  • 09 Dec Adnan Menderes of DP forms the new government of Turkey (22nd government)
  • 10 Dec The Mighty Mouse Playhouse premieres on television.
  • 14 Dec Dutch Reformed Church condemns woman / wife as vicar
  • 15 Dec Jens Olsen's World Clock is started by Danish King Frederick IX and Jens Olsen's youngest grandchild Birgit.
  • 19 Dec Carl Perkins records Blue Suede Shoes
  • 20 Dec Cardiff is proclaimed the capital city of Wales, United Kingdom.
  • 22 Dec American cytogeneticist Joe Hin Tjio discovers the correct number of human chromosomes, forty-six.
  • 24 Dec NORAD Tracks Santa for the first time in what will become an annual Christmas Eve tradition.
  • 25 Dec Cleveland Browns win NFL championship
  • 26 Dec RKO is 1st to announce sale of its film library to TV
  • 28 Dec 44th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in New York (5-0).
  • 31 Dec Vamp closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 60 performances