1955 was a full decade removed from World War Two, and one of the great Allied commanders of the war, General Dwight D. Eisenhower had become President Eisenhower, the 34th President of the United States. In 1955, President Eisenhower made a fateful decision that would affect American foreign policy and millions of lives for many years: he sent the first American soldiers as advisors to Vietnam.
This was also a year of notable developments in the Cold War between the West and the East, led by the United States and the Soviet Union, respectively. In the East, the Warsaw Pact was signed in May. This was a mutual defense treaty among the Soviet countries and Soviet satellite nations as an equivalent to the Western powers’ formation of NATO. In the West, the United States made significant commitments to defense technology. In January, the USS Nautilus, the first nuclear-powered submarine, went out to sea for the first time. During the same month, the Pentagon formally announced a plan to develop intercontinental ballistic missiles with nuclear warheads attached to them.
1955 was also a landmark year for the Civil Rights Movement in America. In December of this year, Rosa Parks famously refused to obey a bus drivers’ order to get out of her seat to make room for a white passenger. This sparked several significant protests in her city of Montgomery, Alabama.
There were also some notable developments for popular culture this year, as Jim Henson created an early version of Kermit the Frog. In July of 1955, Walt Disney opened his world-famous theme park – Disneyland – in Anaheim, California.
Finally, the world lost one of its brightest minds this year – Albert Einstein passed away at the age of 76. However, the world gained two more brilliant people, as Bill Gates and Steve Jobs were born this year.
Discover how USA looked like in 1955
Have a look at the old newspapers from 1955 and get them!
Which were the most popular movies released this year ?
Directed by: Alexander Mackendrick
Starring: Alec Guinness, Peter Sellers, Cecil Parker, Herbert Lom
Country: United States
Directed by: Nicholas Ray
Starring: James Dean, Natalie Wood, Sal Mineo, Jim Backus
Directed by: Sam Wood
Starring: Ann Sheridan, Robert Cummings, Ronald Reagan, Betty Field
Directed by: Raj Kapoor
Starring: Nargis, Raj Kapoor, Nadira, Nemo
Which were the top hits of 1955 ?
Which were the most popular books released in 1955 ?
By: Norman Vincent Peale
An international bestseller with over five million copies in print, The Power of Positive Thinking has helped men and women around the world to achieve fulfillment in their lives through Dr.
By: Mac Hyman
No Time for Sergeants is one of the most successful books of all time. First published in 1954, it has been made into a Broadway Play, several Theatrical Productions, a movie and a long running television series, with several spin-offs.
By: Anne Morrow Lindbergh
In this inimitable, beloved classic—graceful, lucid and lyrical—Anne Morrow Lindbergh shares her meditations on youth and age; love and marriage; peace, solitude and contentment as she set them down during a
By: John A. Schindler
One of the great self-help books of all time, How to Live 365 Days a Year has sold more than 1 million copies and has been translated into 13 languages.
Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1955 in the USA ?
Click on the dates below to find out what the world looked like in each day of 1955