1906 was a year that revolved around two major natural disasters: the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius near Naples, Italy and the San Francisco earthquake.
The eruption of Mt. Vesuvius caused severe damage to the nearby city of Naples and its surrounding villages, with over 100 people killed. The funds necessary to reconstruct Naples caused preparations for the 1908 Olympics in Rome to cease, and the Games were relocated to London.
The earthquake that hit San Francisco in 1906 was devastating to the city and the surrounding area. The quake had an estimated magnitude of 7.8 and destroyed approximately 80% of the city due to damage from the earthquake itself and the massive fires that were sparked by the quake. It is estimated that approximately 3,000 people lost their lives in the earthquake.
1906 was also the year that the HMS Dreadnought, a British battleship that made all other battleships obsolete, was brought into service. Not only did the Dreadnought launch a new class of battleships, it also sparked a naval arms race between Britain and Germany. This arms race was a major part of the build-up to World War I.
There were some notable advancements in the fields of science and technology this year as well. Richard Oldham, a British geologist, made his argument that the Earth has a molten interior. Roald Amundsen, a Norwegian explorer, discovered the magnetic South Pole. It was this year, too, that Willis Carrier, an American inventor and engineer, patented what would eventually be called the “air conditioner,” much to the relief of millions of people in hot climates.
1906 was also the year that the world’s first feature film made its premier. The film was titled: “The Story of the Kelly Gang.” In literature, Jack London’s White Fang – one of his most famous works – started being published in serialized form in Outing magazine.
All Nobel Prize winners of 1906
- Theodore Roosevelt
- Giosuè Carducci
- J. J. Thomson
- Henri Moissan
Physiology or Medicine
- Camillo Golgi
- Santiago Ramón y Cajal
Which were the top hits of 1906?
Top #1 songs in the USA
- Bert Williams - Nobody
- Henry Burr - Good Night, Little Girl, Good Night
Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Which were the important events of 1906?
- 01 Jan 1906 British India officially adopts the Indian Standard Time.
- 04 Jan 1906 South Africa beat England by one wicket, their first Test win.
- 08 Jan 1906 A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.
- 12 Jan 1906 Football rules committee legalizes the forward pass.
- 16 Jan 1906 April 7 ampndash Algeciras Conference to resolve the First Moroccan Crisis between France and Germany.
- 22 Jan 1906 SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
- 27 Jan 1906 Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 seconds.
- 29 Jan 1906 Coen de King skates world record time: 32,370 km.
- 31 Jan 1906 Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
- 01 Feb 1906 1st federal penitentiary building completed, Leavenworth, Kansas
- 02 Feb 1906 Pope encyclical against separation of church and state.
- 09 Feb 1906 Natal proclaims state of siege in Zulu uprising.
- 10 Feb 1906 State of siege proclaimed in Zululand.
- 11 Feb 1906 Pope Pius X publishes the encyclical ''Vehementer Nos''.
- 15 Feb 1906 The British Labour Party is organised.
- 18 Feb 1906 Edouard de Laveleye forms the Belgian Olympic Committee in Brussels.
- 19 Feb 1906 WK Kellogg and Ch Bolin found Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company
- 22 Feb 1906 Black evangelist William J Seymour arrives in Los Angeles California.
- 23 Feb 1906 Tommy Burns beats Marvin Hart for heavyweight boxing champion in 20 rounds.
- 27 Feb 1906 France and Britain agree to joint control of New Hebrides.
- 03 Mar 1906 Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traja Vuia tested in France.
- 05 Mar 1906 Moro Rebellion: United States Army troops bring overwhelming force against the native Moros in the First Battle of Bud Dajo, leaving only six survivors.
- 06 Mar 1906 Nora Blatch is 1st woman elected to American Soc of Civil Engineers
- 07 Mar 1906 Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor.
- 08 Mar 1906 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Smiths Falls (Ontario) in two games.
- 10 Mar 1906 London Underground opens Bakeroo line (Baker Street to Waterloo Line).
- 12 Mar 1906 Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast.
- 14 Mar 1906 Calgary City Rugby Football Club forms.
- 15 Mar 1906 Brits Rolls, Royce and Johnson form Rolls Royce Ltd.
- 17 Mar 1906 President Theodore Roosevelt uses term "muckraker".
- 18 Mar 1906 Traian Vuia makes a short flight in a self-propelled, heavier-than-air aircraft.
- 22 Mar 1906 First Anglo-French rugby union match at Parc des Princes in Paris
- 29 Mar 1906 Stanley Cup: MontrTal Wanderers sweep Kenora Thisles in two games.
- 31 Mar 1906 The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (later the National Collegiate Athletic Association) is established to set rules for college sports in the United States.
- 02 Apr 1906 South Africa completes a 4-1 series drubbing of England.
- 07 Apr 1906 Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police and banking business.
- 08 Apr 1906 Auguste Deter, the first person to be diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, dies.
- 11 Apr 1906 Einstein introduces his Theory of Relativity.
- 13 Apr 1906 Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos and Vasco da Gama.
- 14 Apr 1906 President Theodore Roosevelt denounces "muckrakers" in US press.
- 18 Apr 1906 Calvinist Reformed Union in the Netherlands Church forms in Utrecht
- 19 Apr 1906 San Francisco earthquake ends killing 452
- 22 Apr 1906 10th anniversary Olympic games open at Athens, Greece
- 23 Apr 1906 In Tsarist Russia, the Fundamental Laws are announced at the first state Duma.
- 02 May 1906 32nd Kentucky Derby: Roscoe Troxler aboard Sir Huon wins in 2:08.8.
- 03 May 1906 British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey.
- 08 May 1906 Philadelphia Athletics pitcher Chief Benders plays outfield and hits two homeruns.
- 13 May 1906 Bezalel Art School opens in Jerusalem.
- 14 May 1906 Flagpole at the Chicago White Sox ballpark breaks during pennant-raising.
- 19 May 1906 Italian King Victor Emmanuel and Swiss President open Simplon tunnel
- 21 May 1906 Louis H Perlman patents a demountable tire carrying rim for cars.
- 22 May 1906 10th anniversary of Olympics, celebration held in Athens, Greece.
- 25 May 1906 After 20 straight wins, Boston Pilgrims lose to Chicago White Sox 3-0.
- 26 May 1906 Archaeological Institute of America forms.
- 28 May 1906 Shields / Cobbs musical His honor, the Mayor, premieres in New York City
- 30 May 1906 40th Belmont Stakes: Lucien Lyne aboard Burgomaster wins in 2:20.
- 31 May 1906 Attack on King Alfonso XIII and Victoria von Battenberg in Madrid.
- 03 Jun 1906 Belgian King Leopold II calls Congo his private possession
- 06 Jun 1906 Paris Metro Line 5 is inaugurated with a first section from Place d'Italie to the Gare d'Orleans (today known as Gare d'Austerlitz).
- 07 Jun 1906 Chicago Cubs score 11 in 1st inning, beating New York Giants 19-0
- 08 Jun 1906 Theodore Roosevelt signs the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value.
- 09 Jun 1906 Boston Beaneaters (NL) end 19-game losing streak beat Cards 6-3
- 14 Jun 1906 Pogrom against Jews in Bialystok, Polish Russia
- 22 Jun 1906 Hakon VII crowned King of Norway
- 25 Jun 1906 Pittsburgh millionaire Harry Thaw shoots and kills prominent architect Stanford White.
- 26 Jun 1906 Hongar Szisz wins 1st Grand-Prix (Le Mans, France)
- 29 Jun 1906 12th US Golf Open: Alex Smith shoots a 295 at Onwentsia Club - Illinois
- 30 Jun 1906 John Hope becomes 1st black President of Morehouse College
- 04 Jul 1906 Gr Brit, France and Italy grant Independence to Ethiopia
- 06 Jul 1906 The Second Geneva Convention meets.
- 11 Jul 1906 The Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy.
- 12 Jul 1906 Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France.
- 15 Jul 1906 Republic museum opens Rembrandt hall in Amsterdam
- 20 Jul 1906 Brooklyn Dodger Mal Eason no-hits Saint Louis Cardinals, 2-0.
- 23 Jul 1906 Pogroms against Jews in Oddessa
- 01 Aug 1906 Brooklyn Dodger Harry McIntire no-hits Pittsburgh for 10 2 / 3 loses in 13th
- 02 Aug 1906 Chicago White Sox begin AL record 19 game win streak
- 04 Aug 1906 Central Railway Station, Sydney opens.
- 10 Aug 1906 Pope Pius X bans Associations cults
- 13 Aug 1906 Black soldiers raid Brownsville Texas.
- 16 Aug 1906 A magnitude 8.2 earthquake in Valparaíso, Chile leaves approximately 20,000 dead.
- 22 Aug 1906 The first Victor Victrola, a phonographic record player, is manufactured.
- 23 Aug 1906 Chicago White Sox win 19th straight, beating Washingston Senators
- 24 Aug 1906 Cincinnati Red John Weimer no-hits Brooklyn Dodgers, 1-0 in 7 inning game.
- 29 Aug 1906 Bridge in St. Lawrence Canada caves in; 70 die
- 30 Aug 1906 New York Highlander Joe Doyle debuts pitching back-to-back shut-outs
- 01 Sep 1906 British New Guinea becomes Australian Papua New Guinea
- 03 Sep 1906 Philadelphia Giants win Negro Championship Cup in Philadelphia before 10,000 fans
- 04 Sep 1906 New York Highlanders win 5th straight doubleheader
- 05 Sep 1906 1st legal forward pass (Brandbury Robinson to Jack Schneider)
- 07 Sep 1906 Alberto Santos-Dumont flies his 14-bis aircraft at Bagatelle, France for the first time successfully.
- 11 Sep 1906 Mahatma Gandhi coins the term ''Satyagraha'' to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
- 12 Sep 1906 The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
- 13 Sep 1906 First flight of a fixed-wing aircraft in Europe.
- 16 Sep 1906 Kaarlo Nieminen wins 1st Finnish marathon
- 18 Sep 1906 A typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong.
- 20 Sep 1906 Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle upon Tyne, England.
- 22 Sep 1906 Race riot in Atlanta Georgia, kills 21
- 24 Sep 1906 U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Devils Tower in Wyoming as the nation's first National Monument.
- 25 Sep 1906 In the presence of the king and before a great crowd, Leonardo Torres Quevedo successfully demonstrates the invention of the Telekino in the port of Bilbao, guiding a boat from the shore, in what is considered the birth of the remote control.
- 28 Sep 1906 US troops reoccupy Cuba, stay until 1909.
- 29 Sep 1906 US intervenes in Cuba ousts Dictator Estrada Palma
- 30 Sep 1906 The Real Academia Galega, Galician language's biggest linguistic authority, starts working in Havana.
- 01 Oct 1906 Hugh Jennings resigns as Baltimore Manager to take over at Detroit in 1907
- 02 Oct 1906 Tommy Burns KOs Jim Burns in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
- 03 Oct 1906 SOS adopted as warning signal by 1st conference on wireless telegraphy
- 04 Oct 1906 Chicago Cubs win their 116th game (116-36) of the year.
- 06 Oct 1906 The Majlis of Iran convenes for the first time.
- 11 Oct 1906 White Sox Ed Walsh strikes out then record 12 in a World Series game
- 14 Oct 1906 All Chicago World Series, 1st AL victory, White Sox win 4 games to 2 Cubs losers share of $439.50 is lowest for World Series
- 16 Oct 1906 Imposter Wilhelm Voigt impersonates a Prussian officer and takes over the city hall in Köpenick for a short time.
- 19 Oct 1906 Georges Chemenceau succeeds Sarien Premier of France
- 20 Oct 1906 Dr Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube)
- 22 Oct 1906 3000 blacks demonstrate and riot in Philadelphia.
- 25 Oct 1906 US inventor Lee de Forest patents Audion, a 3-diode amplification valve which proved a pioneering development in radio and broadcasting
- 28 Oct 1906 Belgian-British Union Minstry of Haut-Katanga begins
- 03 Nov 1906 ''SOS'' becomes an international distress signal.
- 06 Nov 1906 Charles Evans Hughes (Republican) elected New York governor beats William Randolph Hearst.
- 09 Nov 1906 Theodore Roosevelt is the first sitting President of the United States to make an official trip outside the country. He did so to inspect progress on the Panama Canal.
- 13 Nov 1906 C W Gregory out for 383 as NSW make 763 vs. Queensland
- 18 Nov 1906 Langdon Mitchells New York Idea, premieres in New York City
- 19 Nov 1906 London selected to host 1908 Olympics.
- 21 Nov 1906 China prohibits opium trade
- 22 Nov 1906 International Radio Telecommunications Com adopts "SOS" as new call for help.
- 23 Nov 1906 Joseph Smith, leader of the Mormon Church, convicted of polygamy
- 24 Nov 1906 The Canton Bulldogs-Massillon Tigers Betting Scandal, the first major scandal in professional American football.
- 02 Dec 1906 , the first all-big-gun warship, is commissioned.
- 04 Dec 1906 Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Inc., the first intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity in the United States established for men of African descent, was founded at Cornell University.
- 09 Dec 1906 New York American reports Belgian King Leopold II bribed US Senate commission on the Congo.
- 10 Dec 1906 President Theodore Roosevelt (1st American) awarded Nobel Peace Prize
- 11 Dec 1906 US President Roosevelt attacks abuses in the Congo.
- 12 Dec 1906 Oscar Straus, first Jewish cabinet member, appointed Secretary of Commerce.
- 14 Dec 1906 The first German Imperial Navy submarine, ''U-1'' (launched on August 4), is commissioned.
- 15 Dec 1906 The London Underground's Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway opens.
- 20 Dec 1906 Venezuela (under Vice-President Gomez) attacks Dutch fleet.
- 24 Dec 1906 Reginald A Fessenden became 1st to broadcast music over radio (Mass)
- 26 Dec 1906 The world's first feature film, ''The Story of the Kelly Gang'', is released.
- 28 Dec 1906 Ecuador adopts its constitution.
- 30 Dec 1906 Iran becomes a constitutional monarchy.