1906 was a year that revolved around two major natural disasters: the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius near Naples, Italy and the San Francisco earthquake.


The eruption of Mt. Vesuvius caused severe damage to the nearby city of Naples and its surrounding villages, with over 100 people killed. The funds necessary to reconstruct Naples caused preparations for the 1908 Olympics in Rome to cease, and the Games were relocated to London.

The earthquake that hit San Francisco in 1906 was devastating to the city and the surrounding area. The quake had an estimated magnitude of 7.8 and destroyed approximately 80% of the city due to damage from the earthquake itself and the massive fires that were sparked by the quake. It is estimated that approximately 3,000 people lost their lives in the earthquake.

1906 was also the year that the HMS Dreadnought, a British battleship that made all other battleships obsolete, was brought into service. Not only did the Dreadnought launch a new class of battleships, it also sparked a naval arms race between Britain and Germany. This arms race was a major part of the build-up to World War I.

There were some notable advancements in the fields of science and technology this year as well. Richard Oldham, a British geologist, made his argument that the Earth has a molten interior. Roald Amundsen, a Norwegian explorer, discovered the magnetic South Pole. It was this year, too, that Willis Carrier, an American inventor and engineer, patented what would eventually be called the “air conditioner,” much to the relief of millions of people in hot climates.

1906 was also the year that the world’s first feature film made its premier. The film was titled: “The Story of the Kelly Gang.” In literature, Jack London’s White Fang – one of his most famous works – started being published in serialized form in Outing magazine.

Discover how the world looked like in 1906

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1906

Peace Prize

  • Theodore Roosevelt


  • Giosuè Carducci


  • J. J. Thomson


  • Henri Moissan

Physiology or Medicine

  • Camillo Golgi
  • Santiago Ramón y Cajal
vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1906?

Top #1 songs in the USA


Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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The Story of the Kelly Gang

The Story of the Kelly Gang

Directed by: Charles Tait

Starring: Elizabeth Tait, John Tait, Norman Campbell, Bella Cola

Country: United States of America

Un soulier pour un jambon

Un soulier pour un jambon

Directed by: Alice Guy

Country: France

Lika mot lika

Lika mot lika

Directed by: Knut Lambert

Starring: Knut Lambert, Helfrid Lambert, Tollie Zellman

Country: United States of America

El pechador

El pechador

Directed by: Eugene Py

Starring: Albert Gater, Marie Grey, James Rouse

Country: United States of America

El soldado de la Independencia

El soldado de la Independencia

Directed by: Eugene Py

Country: Argentina

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1906 in the USA ?


Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1906?


  • 01 Jan British India officially adopts the Indian Standard Time.
  • 04 Jan South Africa beat England by one wicket, their first Test win.
  • 08 Jan A landslide in Haverstraw, New York, caused by the excavation of clay along the Hudson River, kills 20 people.
  • 12 Jan Football rules committee legalizes the forward pass.
  • 16 Jan April 7 ampndash Algeciras Conference to resolve the First Moroccan Crisis between France and Germany.
  • 22 Jan SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
  • 27 Jan Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 seconds.
  • 29 Jan Coen de King skates world record time: 32,370 km.
  • 31 Jan Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
  • 01 Feb 1st federal penitentiary building completed, Leavenworth, Kansas
  • 02 Feb Pope encyclical against separation of church and state.
  • 09 Feb Natal proclaims state of siege in Zulu uprising.
  • 10 Feb State of siege proclaimed in Zululand.
  • 11 Feb Pope Pius X publishes the encyclical ''Vehementer Nos''.
  • 15 Feb The British Labour Party is organised.
  • 18 Feb Edouard de Laveleye forms the Belgian Olympic Committee in Brussels.
  • 19 Feb WK Kellogg and Ch Bolin found Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company
  • 22 Feb Black evangelist William J Seymour arrives in Los Angeles California.
  • 23 Feb Tommy Burns beats Marvin Hart for heavyweight boxing champion in 20 rounds.
  • 27 Feb France and Britain agree to joint control of New Hebrides.
  • 03 Mar Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traja Vuia tested in France.
  • 05 Mar Moro Rebellion: United States Army troops bring overwhelming force against the native Moros in the First Battle of Bud Dajo, leaving only six survivors.
  • 06 Mar Nora Blatch is 1st woman elected to American Soc of Civil Engineers
  • 07 Mar Finnish Senate accepts universal suffrage, except for poor.
  • 08 Mar Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Smiths Falls (Ontario) in two games.
  • 10 Mar London Underground opens Bakeroo line (Baker Street to Waterloo Line).
  • 12 Mar Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast.
  • 14 Mar Calgary City Rugby Football Club forms.
  • 15 Mar Brits Rolls, Royce and Johnson form Rolls Royce Ltd.
  • 17 Mar President Theodore Roosevelt uses term "muckraker".
  • 18 Mar Traian Vuia makes a short flight in a self-propelled, heavier-than-air aircraft.
  • 22 Mar First Anglo-French rugby union match at Parc des Princes in Paris
  • 29 Mar Stanley Cup: MontrTal Wanderers sweep Kenora Thisles in two games.
  • 31 Mar The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (later the National Collegiate Athletic Association) is established to set rules for college sports in the United States.
  • 02 Apr South Africa completes a 4-1 series drubbing of England.
  • 07 Apr Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police and banking business.
  • 08 Apr Auguste Deter, the first person to be diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, dies.
  • 11 Apr Einstein introduces his Theory of Relativity.
  • 13 Apr Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos and Vasco da Gama.
  • 14 Apr President Theodore Roosevelt denounces "muckrakers" in US press.
  • 18 Apr Calvinist Reformed Union in the Netherlands Church forms in Utrecht
  • 19 Apr San Francisco earthquake ends killing 452
  • 22 Apr 10th anniversary Olympic games open at Athens, Greece
  • 23 Apr In Tsarist Russia, the Fundamental Laws are announced at the first state Duma.
  • 02 May 32nd Kentucky Derby: Roscoe Troxler aboard Sir Huon wins in 2:08.8.
  • 03 May British-controlled Egypt takes Sinai peninsula from Turkey.
  • 08 May Philadelphia Athletics pitcher Chief Benders plays outfield and hits two homeruns.
  • 13 May Bezalel Art School opens in Jerusalem.
  • 14 May Flagpole at the Chicago White Sox ballpark breaks during pennant-raising.
  • 19 May Italian King Victor Emmanuel and Swiss President open Simplon tunnel
  • 21 May Louis H Perlman patents a demountable tire carrying rim for cars.
  • 22 May 10th anniversary of Olympics, celebration held in Athens, Greece.
  • 25 May After 20 straight wins, Boston Pilgrims lose to Chicago White Sox 3-0.
  • 26 May Archaeological Institute of America forms.
  • 28 May Shields / Cobbs musical His honor, the Mayor, premieres in New York City
  • 30 May 40th Belmont Stakes: Lucien Lyne aboard Burgomaster wins in 2:20.
  • 31 May Attack on King Alfonso XIII and Victoria von Battenberg in Madrid.
  • 03 Jun Belgian King Leopold II calls Congo his private possession
  • 06 Jun Paris Metro Line 5 is inaugurated with a first section from Place d'Italie to the Gare d'Orleans (today known as Gare d'Austerlitz).
  • 07 Jun Chicago Cubs score 11 in 1st inning, beating New York Giants 19-0
  • 08 Jun Theodore Roosevelt signs the Antiquities Act into law, authorizing the President to restrict the use of certain parcels of public land with historical or conservation value.
  • 09 Jun Boston Beaneaters (NL) end 19-game losing streak beat Cards 6-3
  • 14 Jun Pogrom against Jews in Bialystok, Polish Russia
  • 22 Jun Hakon VII crowned King of Norway
  • 25 Jun Pittsburgh millionaire Harry Thaw shoots and kills prominent architect Stanford White.
  • 26 Jun Hongar Szisz wins 1st Grand-Prix (Le Mans, France)
  • 29 Jun 12th US Golf Open: Alex Smith shoots a 295 at Onwentsia Club - Illinois
  • 30 Jun John Hope becomes 1st black President of Morehouse College
  • 04 Jul Gr Brit, France and Italy grant Independence to Ethiopia
  • 06 Jul The Second Geneva Convention meets.
  • 11 Jul The Gillette-Brown murder inspires Theodore Dreiser's An American Tragedy.
  • 12 Jul Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France.
  • 15 Jul Republic museum opens Rembrandt hall in Amsterdam
  • 20 Jul Brooklyn Dodger Mal Eason no-hits Saint Louis Cardinals, 2-0.
  • 23 Jul Pogroms against Jews in Oddessa
  • 01 Aug Brooklyn Dodger Harry McIntire no-hits Pittsburgh for 10 2 / 3 loses in 13th
  • 02 Aug Chicago White Sox begin AL record 19 game win streak
  • 04 Aug Central Railway Station, Sydney opens.
  • 10 Aug Pope Pius X bans Associations cults
  • 13 Aug Black soldiers raid Brownsville Texas.
  • 16 Aug A magnitude 8.2 earthquake in Valparaíso, Chile leaves approximately 20,000 dead.
  • 22 Aug The first Victor Victrola, a phonographic record player, is manufactured.
  • 23 Aug Chicago White Sox win 19th straight, beating Washingston Senators
  • 24 Aug Cincinnati Red John Weimer no-hits Brooklyn Dodgers, 1-0 in 7 inning game.
  • 29 Aug Bridge in St. Lawrence Canada caves in; 70 die
  • 30 Aug New York Highlander Joe Doyle debuts pitching back-to-back shut-outs
  • 01 Sep British New Guinea becomes Australian Papua New Guinea
  • 03 Sep Philadelphia Giants win Negro Championship Cup in Philadelphia before 10,000 fans
  • 04 Sep New York Highlanders win 5th straight doubleheader
  • 05 Sep 1st legal forward pass (Brandbury Robinson to Jack Schneider)
  • 07 Sep Alberto Santos-Dumont flies his 14-bis aircraft at Bagatelle, France for the first time successfully.
  • 11 Sep Mahatma Gandhi coins the term ''Satyagraha'' to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
  • 12 Sep The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
  • 13 Sep First flight of a fixed-wing aircraft in Europe.
  • 16 Sep Kaarlo Nieminen wins 1st Finnish marathon
  • 18 Sep A typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong.
  • 20 Sep Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle upon Tyne, England.
  • 22 Sep Race riot in Atlanta Georgia, kills 21
  • 24 Sep U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Devils Tower in Wyoming as the nation's first National Monument.
  • 25 Sep In the presence of the king and before a great crowd, Leonardo Torres Quevedo successfully demonstrates the invention of the Telekino in the port of Bilbao, guiding a boat from the shore, in what is considered the birth of the remote control.
  • 28 Sep US troops reoccupy Cuba, stay until 1909.
  • 29 Sep US intervenes in Cuba ousts Dictator Estrada Palma
  • 30 Sep The Real Academia Galega, Galician language's biggest linguistic authority, starts working in Havana.
  • 01 Oct Hugh Jennings resigns as Baltimore Manager to take over at Detroit in 1907
  • 02 Oct Tommy Burns KOs Jim Burns in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 03 Oct SOS adopted as warning signal by 1st conference on wireless telegraphy
  • 04 Oct Chicago Cubs win their 116th game (116-36) of the year.
  • 06 Oct The Majlis of Iran convenes for the first time.
  • 11 Oct White Sox Ed Walsh strikes out then record 12 in a World Series game
  • 14 Oct All Chicago World Series, 1st AL victory, White Sox win 4 games to 2 Cubs losers share of $439.50 is lowest for World Series
  • 16 Oct Imposter Wilhelm Voigt impersonates a Prussian officer and takes over the city hall in Köpenick for a short time.
  • 19 Oct Georges Chemenceau succeeds Sarien Premier of France
  • 20 Oct Dr Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube)
  • 22 Oct 3000 blacks demonstrate and riot in Philadelphia.
  • 25 Oct US inventor Lee de Forest patents Audion, a 3-diode amplification valve which proved a pioneering development in radio and broadcasting
  • 28 Oct Belgian-British Union Minstry of Haut-Katanga begins
  • 03 Nov ''SOS'' becomes an international distress signal.
  • 06 Nov Charles Evans Hughes (Republican) elected New York governor beats William Randolph Hearst.
  • 09 Nov Theodore Roosevelt is the first sitting President of the United States to make an official trip outside the country. He did so to inspect progress on the Panama Canal.
  • 13 Nov C W Gregory out for 383 as NSW make 763 vs. Queensland
  • 18 Nov Langdon Mitchells New York Idea, premieres in New York City
  • 19 Nov London selected to host 1908 Olympics.
  • 21 Nov China prohibits opium trade
  • 22 Nov International Radio Telecommunications Com adopts "SOS" as new call for help.
  • 23 Nov Joseph Smith, leader of the Mormon Church, convicted of polygamy
  • 24 Nov The Canton Bulldogs-Massillon Tigers Betting Scandal, the first major scandal in professional American football.
  • 02 Dec , the first all-big-gun warship, is commissioned.
  • 04 Dec Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Inc., the first intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity in the United States established for men of African descent, was founded at Cornell University.
  • 09 Dec New York American reports Belgian King Leopold II bribed US Senate commission on the Congo.
  • 10 Dec President Theodore Roosevelt (1st American) awarded Nobel Peace Prize
  • 11 Dec US President Roosevelt attacks abuses in the Congo.
  • 12 Dec Oscar Straus, first Jewish cabinet member, appointed Secretary of Commerce.
  • 14 Dec The first German Imperial Navy submarine, ''U-1'' (launched on August 4), is commissioned.
  • 15 Dec The London Underground's Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway opens.
  • 20 Dec Venezuela (under Vice-President Gomez) attacks Dutch fleet.
  • 24 Dec Reginald A Fessenden became 1st to broadcast music over radio (Mass)
  • 26 Dec The world's first feature film, ''The Story of the Kelly Gang'', is released.
  • 28 Dec Ecuador adopts its constitution.
  • 30 Dec Iran becomes a constitutional monarchy.