On the world stage, 1904 saw the beginning of the Russo-Japanese war, which would conclude over a year later following a Japanese victory. The peace treaty was mediated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, elected for his second term on November 8th 1904.
Roosevelt also oversaw the acquisition by the United States of the Panama Canal zone for the sum of $10 million.
The Treaty of Lhasa ended the British military expedition on September 7th. Speaking of the British, the U.K. and France signed the Entente Cordiale on April 8th, ending almost one thousand years of intermittent conflict.
On a lighter note, the third modern Olympic Games opened on July 1st in St. Louis, Missouri as part of the world fair. These were the first Summer Olympics of the 20th century and the Fédération Internationale de Football (FIFA) was founded on May 21st, a few days after pitcher Cy Young of the Boston Adventurers threw the first perfect game in the history of modern baseball.
America’s first large scale bodybuilding competition took place at New York City’s Madison Square Garden. The city also saw its first underground train line open, and Longacre Square was renamed Times Square in honor of The New York Times and held the first of many New Year’s Eve celebrations on December 31st.
In the arts, Puccini’s reworked Madama Butterfly opened to critical acclaim in Brescia in May after receiving a tepid response in Milan a few months prior.
In science and technology, the first caterpillar track was produced, heralding a revolution in land warfare, and astronomer Charles Dillon Perrine discovered Himalia, Jupiter’s sixth largest moon. Notable births in 1904 include American children’s author Dr. Seuss, Chinese statesman Deng Xiaoping, Spanish artist Salvador Dalí, Chilean poet Pablo Neruda, and American scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer.
All Nobel Prize winners of 1904
- Institut de Droit International
- Frédéric Mistral
- José Echegaray
- Lord Rayleigh
- William Ramsay
Physiology or Medicine
- Ivan Pavlov
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Which were the important events of 1904?
- 01 Jan 1904 Netherlands Indies colony begins opium production.
- 04 Jan 1904 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Winnipeg Rowing Club, 2 games to 1
- 05 Jan 1904 England beat Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, Rhodes 7-56 and 8-68.
- 07 Jan 1904 Marconi Company establishes "CQD" as first international radio distress signal.
- 08 Jan 1904 Pope Pius X banned low cut dresses in the presence of churchmen.
- 11 Jan 1904 Herero people of South West Africa, now Namibia, begin uprising.
- 12 Jan 1904 Southwest-Africa uprising under Samuel Maherero against German garison.
- 16 Jan 1904 The first large-scale bodybuilding competition in America takes place at Madison Square Garden in New York City.
- 17 Jan 1904 Anton Chekhov's The Cherry Orchard receives its premiere performance at the Moscow Art Theatre.
- 18 Jan 1904 Henry Ford sets a new automobile land speed record of 91.37nbspmph.
- 23 Jan 1904 Alesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Alesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.
- 25 Jan 1904 179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick Pennsylvania.
- 29 Jan 1904 1st athletic letters given (University of Chicago football team)
- 02 Feb 1904 US blues singer Gertrude Pridgett marries comic William Rainey.
- 04 Feb 1904 John Millington Synges "Well of Saints" premieres in Dublin.
- 05 Feb 1904 American occupation of Cuba ends.
- 06 Feb 1904 Russian-Japanese war begins.
- 07 Feb 1904 Baltimore catches fire (1500 buildings destroyed in 80 blocks).
- 08 Feb 1904 Battle of Port Arthur: A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Port Arthur, China starts the Russo-Japanese War.
- 09 Feb 1904 Japan declares war on Russia.
- 10 Feb 1904 Roger Casement publishes his account of Belgian atrocities in the Congo.
- 17 Feb 1904 Madama Butterfly receives its premiere at La Scala in Milan.
- 21 Feb 1904 National Ski Association forms in Ishpeming, Michigan
- 22 Feb 1904 The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina, the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908.
- 23 Feb 1904 US acquired control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million
- 25 Feb 1904 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Toronto Marlboroughs in two games.
- 28 Feb 1904 Sport Lisboa e Benfica is founded in Portugal.
- 29 Feb 1904 Theodore Roosevelt, appoints 7 man committee to study Panam� Canal.
- 03 Mar 1904 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's phonograph cylinder.
- 11 Mar 1904 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Brandon Wheat Kings in two games.
- 12 Mar 1904 Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund.
- 13 Mar 1904 Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilian border dedicated.
- 26 Mar 1904 80,000 demonstrators gather in Hyde Park, London, to protest against the importation of Chinese labourers to South Africa by the British government.
- 31 Mar 1904 British expedition to Tibet ampndash Battle of Guru: British troops under Colonel Francis Younghusband defeat ill-equipped Tibetan troops.
- 05 Apr 1904 The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
- 08 Apr 1904 Great Britain and France sign Cordial Entente concerning colonial matter.
- 10 Apr 1904 British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the third and final chapter of The Book of The Law.
- 19 Apr 1904 8th Boston Marathon won by Michael Spring of New York in 2:38:04.4.
- 20 Apr 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in Saint Louis.
- 21 Apr 1904 Ty Cobb makes his pro debut for Augusta (South Atlantic League).
- 23 Apr 1904 American Academy of Arts and Letters forms.
- 24 Apr 1904 The Lithuanian press ban is lifted after almost 40 years.
- 26 Apr 1904 Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms.
- 27 Apr 1904 The Australian Labor Party becomes the first such party to gain national government, under Chris Watson.
- 30 Apr 1904 Ice cream cone makes its debut.
- 04 May 1904 The United States begins construction of the Panama Canal.
- 05 May 1904 Pitching against the Philadelphia Athletics at the Huntington Avenue Grounds, Cy Young of the Boston Americans throws the first perfect game in the modern era of baseball.
- 06 May 1904 American Lung Association holds its first meeting.
- 07 May 1904 Flexible Flyer trademark registered.
- 09 May 1904 The steam locomotive City of Truro becomes the first steam engine in Europe to exceed 100 mph (160 km/h).
- 11 May 1904 Andrew Carnegie donates $1.5 million to build a peace palace.
- 14 May 1904 1st Olympics in US are held (St. Louis)
- 15 May 1904 The Russian minelayer Amur laid a minefield about 15 miles off Port Arthur and sank Japan's battleships Hatsuse, 15,000 tons, with 496 crew and ''Yashima''.
- 18 May 1904 American Ion Perdicaris kidnapped in Morocco.
- 21 May 1904 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA Soccer) forms in Paris, France.
- 25 May 1904 38th Belmont Stakes: George Odom aboard Delhi wins in 2:06.6.
- 28 May 1904 29th Preakness: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Bryn Mawr wins in 1:44.2.
- 30 May 1904 Frank Chance gets hit by pitch five times in a doubleheader.
- 02 Jun 1904 Professor Schron finds microbe that causes photosynthesis
- 06 Jun 1904 National Tuberculosis Association organized, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
- 10 Jun 1904 Irish author James Joyce meets his future wife Nora Barnacle.
- 11 Jun 1904 German Lieutenant General Lothar von Trotha lands in Swapokmund, SW-Africa
- 14 Jun 1904 Dutch troops occupies Kuto Reh, Sumatra, killing all inhabitants
- 15 Jun 1904 A fire aboard the steamboat SS General Slocum in New York City's East River kills 1,000.
- 16 Jun 1904 Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland.
- 21 Jun 1904 Boston Herald tells of Red Sox trade Dougherty as a Yankee, 1st known reference to New York club as Yankees (became Yankees in 1913)
- 28 Jun 1904 International Anti-Military Cooperation (IAMV) forms in Amsterdam
- 29 Jun 1904 2 prehistoric bones found in Weerdingerveen, Drenthe
- 05 Jul 1904 Giants 18-game winning streak ends as Phillies win 6-5 in 10 inn
- 09 Jul 1904 10th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 303 at Glen View Club, Illinois
- 19 Jul 1904 Dutch Premier Kuypers disbands 1st Chamber
- 21 Jul 1904 After 13 years, the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway is completed
- 23 Jul 1904 Ice cream cone created by Charles E Menches during La Purchase Expo.
- 03 Aug 1904 British journalist Francis Younghusband visits forbidden city Lhasa
- 07 Aug 1904 Train derailed on bridge in Eden Colo during a flash flood, kills 96
- 10 Aug 1904 Angelo G Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) becomes a priest
- 11 Aug 1904 German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa
- 14 Aug 1904 Ismael Montes becomes President of Bolivia.
- 16 Aug 1904 New York City begins building Grand Central Station
- 17 Aug 1904 Russo-Japanese War: A Japanese infantry charge fails to take Port Arthur.
- 23 Aug 1904 The automobile tire chain is patented.
- 24 Aug 1904 24th US Mens Tennis: Holcombe Ward beats William Clothier (108 64 97)
- 25 Aug 1904 James J Jeffries TKOs Jack Munroe in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
- 30 Aug 1904 Thomas Hicks wins 3rd Olympics marathon (3:28:53.0) (40 km)
- 01 Sep 1904 The Denver Assay Office opens for business.
- 03 Sep 1904 St. Louis Olympics closes
- 04 Sep 1904 Dali Lama signs treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet
- 06 Sep 1904 Soccer team Rheden forms
- 07 Sep 1904 British expedition to Tibet: The Dalai Lama signs the Anglo-Tibetan Treaty with Colonel Francis Younghusband.
- 09 Sep 1904 Boston Herald again refers to New York baseball club as Yankees, when it reports Yankees take 2, Yankee name not official till 1913
- 15 Sep 1904 Wilbur Wright makes his first airplane flight.
- 20 Sep 1904 Orville and Wilbur Wright fly a circle in their Flyer II
- 23 Sep 1904 Francis Younghusbands leaves Lhasa Tibet
- 25 Sep 1904 Charles Follis is 1st black to play pro football
- 26 Sep 1904 Charles Kleins Music Master, premieres in New York City
- 28 Sep 1904 Woman arrested for smoking a cigarette in a car on 5th Avenue, New York City
- 29 Sep 1904 1st monument honoring Spanish American War erected (Monroeville Ohio)
- 30 Sep 1904 White Sox lefty Doc White, pitches his 5th shutout in 18 days
- 01 Oct 1904 JB van Heutsz becomes Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
- 03 Oct 1904 France and Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
- 04 Oct 1904 1st day of NYC subway, 350,000 people ride 9.1 mile tracks
- 05 Oct 1904 Alpha Kappa Psi, the co-ed Professional Business Fraternity, is founded on the campus of New York University
- 10 Oct 1904 Boston pitchers achieve 148 complete games-an AL record, also record for total complete games AL 1,098, NL 1,089
- 15 Oct 1904 The Russian Baltic Fleet leaves Reval, Estonia for Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War.
- 16 Oct 1904 Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur
- 17 Oct 1904 Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors.
- 18 Oct 1904 Mahlers 5th symphony premieres in Cologne
- 19 Oct 1904 Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley.
- 21 Oct 1904 Russo-Japanese War ampndash Dogger Bank incident: The Russian Baltic Fleet fires on British trawlers it mistakes for Japanese torpedo boats in the North Sea.
- 22 Oct 1904 Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship
- 24 Oct 1904 1st New York subway opens
- 27 Oct 1904 The first underground New York City Subway line opens; the system becomes the biggest in United States, and one of the biggest in world.
- 29 Oct 1904 IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit) subway (NYC) opens
- 02 Nov 1904 British newspaper, "The Daily Mirror," begins publishing.
- 08 Nov 1904 President Theodore Roosevelt (Republican) defeats Alton B Parker (Democrat).
- 15 Nov 1904 King C Gillette patents Gillette razor blade
- 17 Nov 1904 George Cohans musical Little Johnny Jones, premieres in New York City
- 18 Nov 1904 General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup.
- 23 Nov 1904 3rd Olympic games close in St. Louis
- 24 Nov 1904 The first successful caterpillar track is made (it later revolutionizes construction vehicles and land warfare).
- 28 Nov 1904 Germany defeats Hottentotten in Warmbad SW-Africa
- 02 Dec 1904 The St. Petersburg Soviet urges a run on the banks: the attempt fails and the executive committee is arrested.
- 03 Dec 1904 The Jovian moon Himalia is discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine at California's Lick Observatory.
- 04 Dec 1904 The K.U. or Konservativ Ungdom (Young Conservatives) is founded by Carl F. Herman von Rosen in Denmark.
- 06 Dec 1904 Theodore Roosevelt confirms Monroe-doctrine (Roosevelt Corollary).
- 10 Dec 1904 King Peter I of Sweden named nationalist regime.
- 12 Dec 1904 CMS McClellans "Leah Kleschna" premieres in New York City, New York.
- 24 Dec 1904 German SW Africa abolishes slavery of young children.
- 27 Dec 1904 Duke of York Theatre opens in London (first musical Peter Pan).
- 30 Dec 1904 The East Boston Tunnel opens.
- 31 Dec 1904 The first New Year's Eve celebration is held in Longacre Square (later known as Times Square) in New York City, New York.