On the world stage, 1904 saw the beginning of the Russo-Japanese war, which would conclude over a year later following a Japanese victory. The peace treaty was mediated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, elected for his second term on November 8th 1904.


Roosevelt also oversaw the acquisition by the United States of the Panama Canal zone for the sum of $10 million.

The Treaty of Lhasa ended the British military expedition on September 7th. Speaking of the British, the U.K. and France signed the Entente Cordiale on April 8th, ending almost one thousand years of intermittent conflict.

On a lighter note, the third modern Olympic Games opened on July 1st in St. Louis, Missouri as part of the world fair. These were the first Summer Olympics of the 20th century and the Fédération Internationale de Football (FIFA) was founded on May 21st, a few days after pitcher Cy Young of the Boston Adventurers threw the first perfect game in the history of modern baseball.

America’s first large scale bodybuilding competition took place at New York City’s Madison Square Garden. The city also saw its first underground train line open, and Longacre Square was renamed Times Square in honor of The New York Times and held the first of many New Year’s Eve celebrations on December 31st.

In the arts, Puccini’s reworked Madama Butterfly opened to critical acclaim in Brescia in May after receiving a tepid response in Milan a few months prior.

In science and technology, the first caterpillar track was produced, heralding a revolution in land warfare, and astronomer Charles Dillon Perrine discovered Himalia, Jupiter’s sixth largest moon. Notable births in 1904 include American children’s author Dr. Seuss, Chinese statesman Deng Xiaoping, Spanish artist Salvador Dalí, Chilean poet Pablo Neruda, and American scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer.

Discover how the world looked like in 1904

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1904

Peace Prize

  • Institut de Droit International


  • Frédéric Mistral
  • José Echegaray


  • Lord Rayleigh


  • William Ramsay

Physiology or Medicine

  • Ivan Pavlov


Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

Asahi katsudô daishashin

Asahi katsudô daishashin

Abajo la careta

Abajo la careta

Los políticos

Los políticos

The Bengali Fisherman

The Bengali Fisherman

Starring: George Nathaniel Curzon

Elämää esplanaadikadulla

Elämää esplanaadikadulla

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1904 in the USA ?


Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1904?


  • 01 Jan Netherlands Indies colony begins opium production.
  • 04 Jan Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Winnipeg Rowing Club, 2 games to 1
  • 05 Jan England beat Australia at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, Rhodes 7-56 and 8-68.
  • 07 Jan Marconi Company establishes "CQD" as first international radio distress signal.
  • 08 Jan Pope Pius X banned low cut dresses in the presence of churchmen.
  • 11 Jan Herero people of South West Africa, now Namibia, begin uprising.
  • 12 Jan Southwest-Africa uprising under Samuel Maherero against German garison.
  • 16 Jan The first large-scale bodybuilding competition in America takes place at Madison Square Garden in New York City.
  • 17 Jan Anton Chekhov's The Cherry Orchard receives its premiere performance at the Moscow Art Theatre.
  • 18 Jan Henry Ford sets a new automobile land speed record of 91.37nbspmph.
  • 23 Jan Alesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Alesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.
  • 25 Jan 179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick Pennsylvania.
  • 29 Jan 1st athletic letters given (University of Chicago football team)
  • 02 Feb US blues singer Gertrude Pridgett marries comic William Rainey.
  • 04 Feb John Millington Synges "Well of Saints" premieres in Dublin.
  • 05 Feb American occupation of Cuba ends.
  • 06 Feb Russian-Japanese war begins.
  • 07 Feb Baltimore catches fire (1500 buildings destroyed in 80 blocks).
  • 08 Feb Battle of Port Arthur: A surprise torpedo attack by the Japanese at Port Arthur, China starts the Russo-Japanese War.
  • 09 Feb Japan declares war on Russia.
  • 10 Feb Roger Casement publishes his account of Belgian atrocities in the Congo.
  • 17 Feb Madama Butterfly receives its premiere at La Scala in Milan.
  • 21 Feb National Ski Association forms in Ishpeming, Michigan
  • 22 Feb The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina, the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908.
  • 23 Feb US acquired control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million
  • 25 Feb Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Toronto Marlboroughs in two games.
  • 28 Feb Sport Lisboa e Benfica is founded in Portugal.
  • 29 Feb Theodore Roosevelt, appoints 7 man committee to study Panam� Canal.
  • 03 Mar Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's phonograph cylinder.
  • 11 Mar Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Brandon Wheat Kings in two games.
  • 12 Mar Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund.
  • 13 Mar Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilian border dedicated.
  • 26 Mar 80,000 demonstrators gather in Hyde Park, London, to protest against the importation of Chinese labourers to South Africa by the British government.
  • 31 Mar British expedition to Tibet ampndash Battle of Guru: British troops under Colonel Francis Younghusband defeat ill-equipped Tibetan troops.
  • 05 Apr The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
  • 08 Apr Great Britain and France sign Cordial Entente concerning colonial matter.
  • 10 Apr British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the third and final chapter of The Book of The Law.
  • 19 Apr 8th Boston Marathon won by Michael Spring of New York in 2:38:04.4.
  • 20 Apr Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in Saint Louis.
  • 21 Apr Ty Cobb makes his pro debut for Augusta (South Atlantic League).
  • 23 Apr American Academy of Arts and Letters forms.
  • 24 Apr The Lithuanian press ban is lifted after almost 40 years.
  • 26 Apr Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms.
  • 27 Apr The Australian Labor Party becomes the first such party to gain national government, under Chris Watson.
  • 30 Apr Ice cream cone makes its debut.
  • 04 May The United States begins construction of the Panama Canal.
  • 05 May Pitching against the Philadelphia Athletics at the Huntington Avenue Grounds, Cy Young of the Boston Americans throws the first perfect game in the modern era of baseball.
  • 06 May American Lung Association holds its first meeting.
  • 07 May Flexible Flyer trademark registered.
  • 09 May The steam locomotive City of Truro becomes the first steam engine in Europe to exceed 100 mph (160 km/h).
  • 11 May Andrew Carnegie donates $1.5 million to build a peace palace.
  • 14 May 1st Olympics in US are held (St. Louis)
  • 15 May The Russian minelayer Amur laid a minefield about 15 miles off Port Arthur and sank Japan's battleships Hatsuse, 15,000 tons, with 496 crew and ''Yashima''.
  • 18 May American Ion Perdicaris kidnapped in Morocco.
  • 21 May Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA Soccer) forms in Paris, France.
  • 25 May 38th Belmont Stakes: George Odom aboard Delhi wins in 2:06.6.
  • 28 May 29th Preakness: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Bryn Mawr wins in 1:44.2.
  • 30 May Frank Chance gets hit by pitch five times in a doubleheader.
  • 02 Jun Professor Schron finds microbe that causes photosynthesis
  • 06 Jun National Tuberculosis Association organized, Atlantic City, New Jersey.
  • 10 Jun Irish author James Joyce meets his future wife Nora Barnacle.
  • 11 Jun German Lieutenant General Lothar von Trotha lands in Swapokmund, SW-Africa
  • 14 Jun Dutch troops occupies Kuto Reh, Sumatra, killing all inhabitants
  • 15 Jun A fire aboard the steamboat SS General Slocum in New York City's East River kills 1,000.
  • 16 Jun Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland.
  • 21 Jun Boston Herald tells of Red Sox trade Dougherty as a Yankee, 1st known reference to New York club as Yankees (became Yankees in 1913)
  • 28 Jun International Anti-Military Cooperation (IAMV) forms in Amsterdam
  • 29 Jun 2 prehistoric bones found in Weerdingerveen, Drenthe
  • 05 Jul Giants 18-game winning streak ends as Phillies win 6-5 in 10 inn
  • 09 Jul 10th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 303 at Glen View Club, Illinois
  • 19 Jul Dutch Premier Kuypers disbands 1st Chamber
  • 21 Jul After 13 years, the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway is completed
  • 23 Jul Ice cream cone created by Charles E Menches during La Purchase Expo.
  • 03 Aug British journalist Francis Younghusband visits forbidden city Lhasa
  • 07 Aug Train derailed on bridge in Eden Colo during a flash flood, kills 96
  • 10 Aug Angelo G Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) becomes a priest
  • 11 Aug German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa
  • 14 Aug Ismael Montes becomes President of Bolivia.
  • 16 Aug New York City begins building Grand Central Station
  • 17 Aug Russo-Japanese War: A Japanese infantry charge fails to take Port Arthur.
  • 23 Aug The automobile tire chain is patented.
  • 24 Aug 24th US Mens Tennis: Holcombe Ward beats William Clothier (108 64 97)
  • 25 Aug James J Jeffries TKOs Jack Munroe in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 30 Aug Thomas Hicks wins 3rd Olympics marathon (3:28:53.0) (40 km)
  • 01 Sep The Denver Assay Office opens for business.
  • 03 Sep St. Louis Olympics closes
  • 04 Sep Dali Lama signs treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet
  • 06 Sep Soccer team Rheden forms
  • 07 Sep British expedition to Tibet: The Dalai Lama signs the Anglo-Tibetan Treaty with Colonel Francis Younghusband.
  • 09 Sep Boston Herald again refers to New York baseball club as Yankees, when it reports Yankees take 2, Yankee name not official till 1913
  • 15 Sep Wilbur Wright makes his first airplane flight.
  • 20 Sep Orville and Wilbur Wright fly a circle in their Flyer II
  • 23 Sep Francis Younghusbands leaves Lhasa Tibet
  • 25 Sep Charles Follis is 1st black to play pro football
  • 26 Sep Charles Kleins Music Master, premieres in New York City
  • 28 Sep Woman arrested for smoking a cigarette in a car on 5th Avenue, New York City
  • 29 Sep 1st monument honoring Spanish American War erected (Monroeville Ohio)
  • 30 Sep White Sox lefty Doc White, pitches his 5th shutout in 18 days
  • 01 Oct JB van Heutsz becomes Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 03 Oct France and Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
  • 04 Oct 1st day of NYC subway, 350,000 people ride 9.1 mile tracks
  • 05 Oct Alpha Kappa Psi, the co-ed Professional Business Fraternity, is founded on the campus of New York University
  • 10 Oct Boston pitchers achieve 148 complete games-an AL record, also record for total complete games AL 1,098, NL 1,089
  • 15 Oct The Russian Baltic Fleet leaves Reval, Estonia for Port Arthur during the Russo-Japanese War.
  • 16 Oct Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur
  • 17 Oct Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors.
  • 18 Oct Mahlers 5th symphony premieres in Cologne
  • 19 Oct Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley.
  • 21 Oct Russo-Japanese War ampndash Dogger Bank incident: The Russian Baltic Fleet fires on British trawlers it mistakes for Japanese torpedo boats in the North Sea.
  • 22 Oct Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship
  • 24 Oct 1st New York subway opens
  • 27 Oct The first underground New York City Subway line opens; the system becomes the biggest in United States, and one of the biggest in world.
  • 29 Oct IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit) subway (NYC) opens
  • 02 Nov British newspaper, "The Daily Mirror," begins publishing.
  • 08 Nov President Theodore Roosevelt (Republican) defeats Alton B Parker (Democrat).
  • 15 Nov King C Gillette patents Gillette razor blade
  • 17 Nov George Cohans musical Little Johnny Jones, premieres in New York City
  • 18 Nov General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup.
  • 23 Nov 3rd Olympic games close in St. Louis
  • 24 Nov The first successful caterpillar track is made (it later revolutionizes construction vehicles and land warfare).
  • 28 Nov Germany defeats Hottentotten in Warmbad SW-Africa
  • 02 Dec The St. Petersburg Soviet urges a run on the banks: the attempt fails and the executive committee is arrested.
  • 03 Dec The Jovian moon Himalia is discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine at California's Lick Observatory.
  • 04 Dec The K.U. or Konservativ Ungdom (Young Conservatives) is founded by Carl F. Herman von Rosen in Denmark.
  • 06 Dec Theodore Roosevelt confirms Monroe-doctrine (Roosevelt Corollary).
  • 10 Dec King Peter I of Sweden named nationalist regime.
  • 12 Dec CMS McClellans "Leah Kleschna" premieres in New York City, New York.
  • 24 Dec German SW Africa abolishes slavery of young children.
  • 27 Dec Duke of York Theatre opens in London (first musical Peter Pan).
  • 30 Dec The East Boston Tunnel opens.
  • 31 Dec The first New Year's Eve celebration is held in Longacre Square (later known as Times Square) in New York City, New York.