1908

Not far removed from the turn of the 20th Century, the year 1908 saw the global frontier and indeed, the world, continue to shrink. 1908 was a momentous year for exploring the ends of the Earth.

1908

In January, the famous Nimrod Expedition set sail from New Zealand. Led by Ernest Shackleton, this British expedition was meant to discover the South Pole. While the group did not achieve their goal, they did reach a point farther south than anyone had been before. What is especially remarkable is that this was funded entirely by private donations. On the opposite end of the world, it was in April of this year that American explorer, Frederick Cook, claims to have reached the North Pole, but this claim has been disputed for many years. In July, Cook’s rival, Robert Peary, set sail for the North Pole. Both men claim to have been the first to reach the Pole, but both claims have been contested since they made their claims.

There were also events that brought the world closer together – things that made the world seem a bit smaller. In a major development for the aviation field, French aviator Leon Delagrange piloted the first passenger flight in March. Also in March of this year, the first Scout troop was formed in the United Kingdom. This can be considered the beginning of organized Scouting as an activity for boys, after Robert Baden-Powell published his Scouting for Boys book. This movement would become an international cultural phenomenon, spreading across the world, passing on values and skills that would last for generations.

In another momentous development, American businessman Henry Ford produced the first Model T automobile at his production plant in Detroit, Michigan. Ford’s Model T would radically change the way that people travelled and how communities organized themselves.

Discover how the world looked like in 1908

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays

The Fairylogue and Radio-Plays

Directed by: Francis Boggs, Otis Turner

Starring: L. Frank Baum, Frank Burns, George E. Wilson, Wallace Illington

Country: United States of America

Cuisine magnétique

Cuisine magnétique

Directed by: Chomont

Starring: Henny Porten

Country: United States of America

The Tenth Act of Taikoki

The Tenth Act of Taikoki

Directed by: Sakiji Ichikawa

Starring: Gustav Lund, Robert Storm Petersen

Country: United States of America

Trallala Lied

Trallala Lied

Directed by: Fritzi Massary

Starring: Vladimir Davydov, V. Garlin, A. Novinskij

Country: United States of America

Le devoir

Le devoir

Directed by: Louis Feuillade

Starring: Alice Tissot, Maurice Vinot, Renée Carl

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1908 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1908?


Events

  • 01 Jan 1st time, ball signifying new year dropped at Times Square
  • 02 Jan Canadian branch of the Royal Mint opens in Ottawa
  • 07 Jan England beat Australia by one wicket at the Melbourne Cricket Ground.
  • 09 Jan Frans Schollaert succeeds De Trooz as premier of Belgium.
  • 11 Jan Grand Canyon National Monument is created.
  • 12 Jan A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
  • 13 Jan Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers sweep Ottawa Victorias in 2 games
  • 14 Jan Roger Hartigan scores century on Test debut versus England Adelaide (116).
  • 15 Jan C Hill and R J Hartigan make 8th wicket partnership 243 for Australia.
  • 16 Jan Pinnacles National Monument, California established.
  • 21 Jan New York City passes the Sullivan Ordinance, making it illegal for women to smoke in public, only to have the measure vetoed by the mayor.
  • 23 Jan US and Great Britain demand end of abuses in Congo.
  • 28 Jan Members of the Portuguese Republican Party fail in their attempted coup d'etat against the administrative dictatorship of Prime Minister Joao Franco.
  • 29 Jan Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, at Cornell University, incorporates.
  • 01 Feb King Carlos I of Portugal and his son, Prince Luis Filipe are killed in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon.
  • 07 Feb Connie Mack sells hurler Rube Waddell to Saint Louis Browns for $5,000.
  • 10 Feb Tommy Burns knocks out Jack Palmer in four for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 12 Feb New York to Paris auto race (via Alaska and Siberia) begins in New York NY; George Schuster wins after 88 days behind the wheel.
  • 27 Feb Sacrifice fly adopted (repealed in 1931, reinstated 1954).
  • 28 Feb Failed assassination attempt on Shah Mohammed Ali in Teheran.
  • 29 Feb Dutch scientists produce solid helium.
  • 04 Mar The Collinwood School Fire, Collinwood near Cleveland, Ohio, kills 174 people.
  • 07 Mar Cincinnati Mayor Mark Breith stood before city council and announced that, "women are not physically fit to operate automobiles".
  • 08 Mar Collingwood Elementary (Cleveland) burns, kills 173 kids and two teachers.
  • 12 Mar Stanley Cup: MontrTal Wanderers sweep Winnipeg Maple Leafs in two games.
  • 14 Mar Stanley Cup: MontrTal Wanderers beat Toronto Trolley Leaguers, 6-4.
  • 17 Mar Quickest world heavyweight title fight (Tommy Burns knocks out Jem Roche in 88 seconds).
  • 23 Mar American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later.
  • 01 Apr The Territorial Force (renamed Territorial Army in 1920) is formed as a volunteer reserve component of the British Army.
  • 02 Apr Mills Committee declares baseball was invented by Abner Doubleday.
  • 03 Apr Frank Gotch wins world heavyweight wrestling championship in two hours.
  • 05 Apr British premier Henry Campbell-Bannerman resigns.
  • 07 Apr H. H. Asquith of the Liberal Party takes office as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, succeeding Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 08 Apr Harvard University votes to establish the Harvard Business School.
  • 11 Apr SMS Blucher, the last armored cruiser to be built by the German Imperial Navy, launches.
  • 12 Apr Fire makes 17,000 homeless in Chelsea Massachusetts.
  • 16 Apr Natural Bridges National Monument established (Lake Powell Utah).
  • 18 Apr Tommy Burns knocks out Jewy Smith in five for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 20 Apr 12th Boston Marathon won by Tom Morrissey of New York in 2:25:43.2.
  • 23 Apr Denmark, Germany, England, France, Netherlands and Sweden signs North Sea accord.
  • 24 Apr Mr and Mrs Jacob Murdock become the first to travel across the US by car, they leave Los Angeles in a Packard and arrive in New York City in 32 days-5 hours-25 minutes.
  • 05 May 34th Kentucky Derby: Arthur Pickens on Stone Street wins in 2:15.2.
  • 09 May Dirk Fock becomes Governor of Suriname.
  • 10 May First official Mother's Day service is held, at the Andrews Methodist Episcopal Church in Grafton, West Virginia, organized by Anna Jarvis.
  • 12 May Wireless Radio Broadcasting is patented by Nathan B Stubblefield.
  • 18 May US Congress mandates that "In God We Trust" appear on all US coins.
  • 20 May The Aldrich-Vreeland Act alters security deposit requirements for national banks.
  • 23 May Dirigible explodes over San Francisco Bay, 16 passengers fall, none die.
  • 24 May Belgium Catholic socialist / liberal parliamentary election
  • 26 May At Masjed Soleyman (???? ??????) in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made. The rights to the resource are quickly acquired by the United Kingdom.
  • 30 May Paris advocate E Archdeacon is first passenger in a airplane.
  • 31 May Miss Pottelsberghe de la Pottery is first airplane passenger (Belgium).
  • 01 Jun John Krohn begins walk around perimeter of US, which took 357 days
  • 02 Jun 33rd Preakness: Eddie Dugan aboard Royal Tourist wins in 1:46.4
  • 12 Jun Lusitania crosses Atlantic in record 4 days 15 hours (NYC)
  • 13 Jun Tommy Burns KOs Bill Squires in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 18 Jun Japanese immigration to Brazil begins when 781 people arrive in Santos aboard the ship Kasato-Maru.
  • 24 Jun Yanks replace Clark Griffith with Kid Elberfeld as manager who is destined to have worse won-lost pct of any Yankee mgr 27-71 (.276)
  • 30 Jun The Tunguska event occurs in remote Siberia.
  • 01 Jul SOS is adopted as the international distress signal.
  • 04 Jul New York Giants George "Hooks" Witse no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 1-0 in 10 inn.
  • 07 Jul Great White Fleet leaves San Francisco Bay.
  • 09 Jul CHU (Christian Historic Union) Dutch political party forms
  • 19 Jul Feyenoord soccer team forms in Rotterdam
  • 24 Jul John Hayes wins 4th olympics marathon (2:55:18.4 world record)
  • 25 Jul Ajinomoto is founded. Kikunae Ikeda of the Tokyo Imperial University discovers that a key ingredient in Konbu soup stock is monosodium glutamate (MSG), and patents a process for manufacturing it.
  • 26 Jul Predecessor of the FBI is created by the Department of Justice
  • 30 Jul Around the World Autombile Race ends in Paris.
  • 08 Aug Wilbur Wright makes his first flight at a racecourse at Le Mans, France. It is the Wright Brothers' first public flight.
  • 13 Aug Cy Young Day in Boston, he pitches briefly against an All-Star team
  • 14 Aug Race riot in Springfield Illinois.
  • 17 Aug Bank of Italy opens new headquarters at Clay and Montgomery.
  • 20 Aug Congo Free State becomes the Belgian Congo.
  • 24 Aug Tommy Burns KOs Bill Squires in 13 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 25 Aug National Association of Colored Nurses, forms
  • 27 Aug Calgary City Rugby Foot-ball Club re-organizes as the Tigers
  • 28 Aug 14th US Golf Open: Fred McLeod shoots a 322 at Myopia Hunt Club, Massachusetts
  • 29 Aug New York gives a ticker tape parade to returning US Olympians from London.
  • 02 Sep Tommy Burns KOs Bill Lang in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 03 Sep James Barries What Every Woman Knows, premieres in London
  • 04 Sep Caledonia and Hillhurst Football Clubs play for Central Alberta Rugby Football League championship
  • 09 Sep Russia takes part of Poland
  • 12 Sep Winston Churchill marries Clementine Hozier
  • 16 Sep Carriage-maker, William Durant, founded General Motors Corp
  • 17 Sep The Wright Flyer flown by Orville Wright, with Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge as passenger, crashes killing Selfridge. He becomes the first airplane fatality.
  • 18 Sep Cleveland Indian Bob "Dusty" Rhoades no-hits Boston, 2-1.
  • 20 Sep Chicago White Sox Frank Smith second no-hitter, beats Philadelphia Phillies 1-0.
  • 22 Sep Bulgaria declares independence from Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 23 Sep University of Alberta in Alberta, Canada, is founded.
  • 24 Sep Robert B Rhoads becomes 1st Cleveland pitcher (Cleveland Naps) to toss a no-hit game, Cleveland 2, Boston 1
  • 26 Sep Ed Ruelbach shuts-out Brooklyn Dodgers in a doubleheader.
  • 27 Sep The first production of the Ford Model T automobile was built at the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan.
  • 29 Sep Calgary Rugby Football Union forms
  • 01 Oct 1st Dutch electric railway in use (Rotterdam-The Hague)
  • 02 Oct Addie Joss perfect game stops Ed Walsh 1-0 who won 40 in a row.
  • 03 Oct The Pravda newspaper is founded by Leon Trotsky, Adolph Joffe, Matvey Skobelev and other Russian exiles in Vienna.
  • 05 Oct Bulgaria declares independence from Turkey, Ferdinand I becomes Tsar
  • 06 Oct Tigers beat White Sox, 7-0 to win AL pennant
  • 07 Oct Serbia and Montenegro sign anti-Austria-Hungarian pact.
  • 08 Oct New York Giants set season attendance record at 910,000 (broken in 1920)
  • 14 Oct Baseball Writers Association of America, forms
  • 16 Oct Edmonton Rugby Foot-ball Club re-organizes as Esquimoux
  • 20 Oct King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium
  • 24 Oct Billy Murray hits the charts with Take Me Outto the Ball Game
  • 31 Oct 4th Olympic games ends in London
  • 03 Nov William Howard Taft (Republican) elected 27th President over William Jennings Bryan.
  • 04 Nov Brooklyn Academy of Music, opens in New York City
  • 06 Nov Leonid Andreyevs Dui Nashey Zhizni, premieres in St. Petersburg
  • 07 Nov Dutch capture Venezuelan navy
  • 10 Nov 1st Gideon Bible put in a hotel room
  • 14 Nov Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light.
  • 22 Nov 1st US-Japanese baseball game Reach All-Americans defeat Waseda University, 5-0
  • 25 Nov Dorando Pietri (It) beats Johnny Hayes (US) in Madison Square Gardens marathon by 60 yards.
  • 28 Nov 154 men die in coal mine explosion at Marianna Pennsylvania.
  • 30 Nov A mine explosion in the mining town of Marianna, Pennsylvania kills 154.
  • 02 Dec Child Emperor Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne at the age of two
  • 25 Dec Jack Johnson KO Tommy Burns and becomes first black heavyweight champion.
  • 26 Dec Jack Johnson becomes the first African American heavyweight boxing champion by defeating Tommy Burns in Sydney, Australia.
  • 28 Dec Messina, Italy struck by an earthquake (nearly 80,000 died).
  • 29 Dec Patent granted for a 4-wheel automobile brake, Clintonville Wisconsin.
  • 30 Dec Stanley Cup: MontrTal Wanderers outscore Edmonton, 13-10 in two game series.