1900

1900 marked the turn of a new century, and the last century before the turn of a new millennium. The world looked ahead with great optimism, as the progress made by mankind in the previous century made the coming 20th century seem very promising. While great advances would indeed be made, the world could not have foreseen the disastrous great wars that loomed on the horizon. Still, for the year 1900 itself, there were some notable developments.

1900

In Paris, a World Exposition was held this year. The artistic work that was featured during the Exhibition would go on to launch a new artistic style – this was the beginning of Art Nouveau as a popular international style of art.

In Germany, the first zeppelin flight was carried out this year. This was a revolutionary development, as zeppelins would be used for decades to ferry passengers and carry out military operations. They would become obsolete relatively quickly, though, as their golden age lasted only into the end of the 1930’s.

It is also worth noting that 1900 was not a peaceful year. This was the second year of hostilities in China, known as the Boxer Rebellion – a Chinese uprising against foreign influence. This was also the second year of the Philippine-American War, a struggle for independence in the Philippines. The Second Boer War was also in its second year in 1900. This was part of a series of struggles between the British Empire and the native Boers in present-day South Africa over control of the region.

In a major development for popular culture, L. Frank Baum’s Wonderful Wizard of Oz was published this year, launching a cultural sensation that would impact generations through literature, film, and television. This was also the year that playwright George Bernard Shaw’s “You Never Can Tell” premiered in London.

Discover how the world looked like in 1900

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Soldiers of the Cross

Soldiers of the Cross

Directed by: Herbert Booth, Joseph Perry

Starring: Beatrice Day, Harold Graham, Mr. Graham, John Jones

Country: United States of America

Phono-Cinéma-Théâtre

Phono-Cinéma-Théâtre

Boarding School Girls' Pajama Parade

Boarding School Girls' Pajama Parade

Country: United States of America

Caught

Caught

Starring: Beatrice Day, Harold Graham, Mr. Graham

Country: United States of America

Family Troubles

Family Troubles

Starring: Beatrice Day, Harold Graham, Mr. Graham

Country: United States of America

vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1900?


Top #1 songs in the USA

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1900 in the USA ?

Top #10 male names
  1. John
  2. William
  3. James
  4. George
  5. Charles
  6. Robert
  7. Joseph
  8. Frank
  9. Edward
  10. Henry
Top #10 female names
  1. Mary
  2. Helen
  3. Anna
  4. Margaret
  5. Ruth
  6. Elizabeth
  7. Florence
  8. Ethel
  9. Marie
  10. Lillian
history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1900?


Events

  • 01 Jan Hawaii asks for a delegate at the U.S. Republican National Convention.
  • 02 Jan Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise" premieres in Paris.
  • 03 Jan Perihelion Passage.
  • 04 Jan Strikes in Belgium and Germany lead to mining riots.
  • 05 Jan Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.
  • 06 Jan Second Boer War: Having already sieged the fortress at Ladysmith, Boer forces attack it, but are driven back by British defenders.
  • 09 Jan The first through passenger train goes from Cairo to Khartoum.
  • 10 Jan Lord Roberts and Lord Kitchener reach Capetown.
  • 12 Jan Freeland Colony founded in US.
  • 15 Jan SCNEC soccer team forms.
  • 16 Jan The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
  • 17 Jan Brigham H. Roberts of Utah is not seated by the U.S. House of Representatives because of his plural marriage.
  • 23 Jan The Battle of Spion Kop between the forces of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State and British forces during the Second Boer War resulted in a British defeat.
  • 24 Jan Battle at Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers versus British army).
  • 26 Jan The Labor League Conference opens in Sydney, Australia, with plans to form a Federal Labor Party. This is spelled quotLaborquot even in Australia.
  • 29 Jan The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, also known as the American League, is organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania with eight founding teams in Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Milwaukee, and Minneapolis.
  • 30 Jan Governor William Goebel of Kentucky shot by several assassins.
  • 31 Jan Datu Muhammad Salleh is assassinated in Kampung Teboh, Tambunan, ending the Mat Salleh Rebellion
  • 01 Feb Western Australia announced its refusal to join the Australian Federation unless it is given five more years of fiscal freedom.
  • 02 Feb Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise" premieres in Paris.
  • 03 Feb Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Baltimore.
  • 05 Feb The United States and the United Kingdom sign a treaty for the Panama Canal
  • 06 Feb Battle at Vaalkrans, South Africa (Boers versus British army).
  • 07 Feb Labour Party forms in England.
  • 09 Feb Dwight Davis established a new tennis trophy, the Davis Cup.
  • 10 Feb Peter Ostlund skates world record 500 metre (45.2 seconds).
  • 14 Feb Date of events in movie "Picnic at Hanging Rock".
  • 15 Feb General French relieves Kimberley / Cecil Rhodes
  • 16 Feb Stanley Cup: MontrTal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, three games to 1.
  • 17 Feb Second Boer War: Battle of Paardeberg: British troops defeat the Boers.
  • 18 Feb Ajax soccer team forms in Amsterdam.
  • 19 Feb British troops occupy Hlangwane Natal.
  • 22 Feb Hawaii became a US territory.
  • 27 Feb British Labour Party forms
  • 28 Feb The Second Boer War: The 118-day ''Siege of Ladysmith'' is lifted.
  • 02 Mar beginning) ampndash Groups of officials inspect towns around Australia in order to find a location for the new Federal capital.
  • 03 Mar US Steel Corporation organizes.
  • 05 Mar American Hall of Fame is founded.
  • 07 Mar Stanley Cup: MontrTal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in two games.
  • 08 Mar Londoners celebrate as Queen Victoria makes a rare visit to the city.
  • 09 Mar Women in Germany demand the right to participate in university entrance exams.
  • 10 Mar Battle at Driefontein, South Africa (Boers versus British army).
  • 12 Mar President Steyn of Orange-Free state flees from Bloemfontein.
  • 13 Mar Second Boer War: British forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State.
  • 14 Mar US currency goes on gold standard
  • 15 Mar The Gold Standard Act is ratified, placing the United States currency on the gold standard.
  • 16 Mar AL meets in Chicago, Ban Johnson announces that an AL team will be in
  • 17 Mar Stanley Cup: MontrTal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2.
  • 18 Mar Ajax (Amsterdam Football Club), forms.
  • 24 Mar Mayor of New York City Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground ''Rapid Transit Railroad'' that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
  • 25 Mar US Socialist Party is formed at Indianapolis.
  • 27 Mar The arrival of a Russian naval fleet in Korea causes concern to the Imperial Japanese government.
  • 28 Mar Over 1,000 tonnes of waste are removed from demolished buildings in Sydney, Australia, in areas affected by an outbreak of the bubonic plague.
  • 31 Mar In France, the length of a legal workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours.
  • 02 Apr The Congress passes the Foraker Act, giving Puerto Rico limited self-rule.
  • 04 Apr Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales / King Edward VII
  • 05 Apr Attempted assassination of Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails.
  • 06 Apr James J Jeffries knocks out Jack Finnegan in one for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 14 Apr President Loubet opens International Fairs in Paris France.
  • 15 Apr An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over two hours.
  • 16 Apr US Post Office issues first books of postage stamps.
  • 19 Apr Highest scoring opening game, Philadelphia Phillies beat Braves 19-17 in 10.
  • 22 Apr Battle of Kousséri: French forces secure their domination of Chad. Warlord Rabih az-Zubayr is defeated and killed.
  • 24 Apr Passing of Andrew Halliday, cable car pioneer.
  • 26 Apr The Hull-Ottawa fire in Canada kills seven and leaves 15,000 homeless.
  • 30 Apr 165 lb Robert Fitzsimmons KOs 305 lb Ed Dunkhost in a boxing match
  • 01 May Roermond soccer team forms in Roermond.
  • 02 May George Bernard Shaws "You Never Can Tell" premieres in London.
  • 08 May Galveston Texas, hit by hurricane; about 6,000 die
  • 11 May James J Jeffries knocks out James J Corbett in 23 for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 12 May Boer attack under Sarel Eloff, about 70 killed.
  • 14 May Second Boer War: The British Army relieves the Siege of Mafeking.
  • 17 May Second Boer War: British troops relieve Mafeking.
  • 18 May Britain proclaims protectorate over kingdom of Tonga.
  • 19 May Great Britain annexes Tonga archipelago.
  • 20 May 2nd modern Olympic games opens in Paris (lasted 5 months)
  • 21 May Russia invades Manchuria.
  • 22 May Associated Press organizes in New York City as non-profit news cooperative.
  • 23 May Associated Press News Service forms in New York.
  • 24 May Second Boer War: The United Kingdom annexes the Orange Free State.
  • 25 May Eyre M Shaw, 78, becomes oldest gold medalist in the Olympics.
  • 26 May British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa.
  • 28 May Solar eclipse occurs.
  • 29 May Trademark Escalator registered by Otis Elevator Company
  • 31 May British troops under Lord Roberts occupy Johannesburg.
  • 01 Jun British army occupiers Pretoria South-Africa
  • 05 Jun Second Boer War: British soldiers take Pretoria.
  • 07 Jun Boer general Christian de Law occupiers British train depot Roodewal
  • 08 Jun Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure of 6 Napoleons (BG)
  • 12 Jun German Navy Law calls for massive increase in sea power.
  • 14 Jun Hawaiian Territorial Government begins
  • 18 Jun Gen Luigi Pelloux resigns as Premier of Italy
  • 20 Jun Boxer Rebellion: Boxers gather about 20,000 people near Peking and kill hundreds of European citizens, including the German ambassador.
  • 21 Jun Dodgers score 7 in top of 11th to go ahead of Phillies, 20-13, In bottom of 11th Phillies stalls so umpire forfeits game to Dodgers
  • 26 Jun Dr Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever.
  • 30 Jun A wharf fire at the docks in Hoboken, New Jersey owned by the North German Lloyd Steamship line spreads to German passenger ships ''.'' The fire engulfs the adjacent piers and nearby ships, killing 326 people.
  • 02 Jul Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin first airship LZ-1, flies.
  • 05 Jul Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber
  • 07 Jul Boston hurler Kid Nichols notches his 300th career victory
  • 09 Jul Australia accepts its constitution
  • 11 Jul Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys and Lincolns
  • 12 Jul 114 degrees F (46 degrees C), Basin, Wyoming (state record).
  • 14 Jul Armies of the Eight-Nation Alliance capture Tientsin during the Boxer Rebellion.
  • 15 Jul President Steyn / General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
  • 17 Jul New York Giant Christy Mathewson begins career losing to Brooklyn Superbas
  • 19 Jul The first line of the Paris Métro is opened.
  • 21 Jul Pope Leo XIII encyclical to the Greek-Melkite rite.
  • 23 Jul Pan-African Congress meets in London.
  • 24 Jul Race riot in New Orleans, two white policemen killed.
  • 25 Jul The Robert Charles Riots break out in New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • 28 Jul Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut.
  • 31 Jul Boer Generals Prinsloo and Roux surrenders in Brandwater Basin
  • 03 Aug The Firestone Tire & Rubber Company is founded.
  • 07 Aug Diamond workers in Amsterdam strike
  • 10 Aug 1st Davis Cup: USA beats British Isles in Boston (3-0)
  • 14 Aug 1st electric tram in the Netherlands (Leidseplein-Brouwersgracht)
  • 23 Aug National Negro Business League organizes (Boston).
  • 27 Aug Battle at Bergendal: General Buller beats Boer general Botha
  • 30 Aug Last 2000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt South Africa freed
  • 31 Aug British troops over run Johannesburg
  • 02 Sep Telegraph use between Germany and US begins
  • 03 Sep British annex Natal (South Africa).
  • 05 Sep France proclaims a protectorate over Chad.
  • 06 Sep British General Buller occupies Lydenburg South Africa
  • 08 Sep Galveston Hurricane of 1900: a powerful hurricane hits Galveston, Texas killing about 8,000 people.
  • 10 Sep 20.3 cm rainfall at Elk Point, South Dakota (state record)
  • 11 Sep President Kruger crosses border with Mozambique
  • 17 Sep Commonwealth of Australia proclaimed
  • 25 Sep In the British general election, the recently formed Labour Party gains two seats. Winston Churchill is also elected to Parliament for the first time.
  • 27 Sep Victory Theater (Republic, Belasco) opens at 207 W 42nd St, New York City
  • 02 Oct Belgian crown Prince Albert von Saksen-Coburg weds Elisabeth of Bayern
  • 03 Oct Edward Elgar / Cardinal Newmans oratorium premieres in Birmingham
  • 04 Oct Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure Problem of Thor Bridge (BG)
  • 05 Oct 6th US Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 313 at Chicago Golf Club - Illinois
  • 09 Oct 8.3 earthquake shakes Cape Yakataga, Alaska
  • 16 Oct Queen Wilhelmina leaves Duke Heinrich Henry von Mecklenburg-Schwerin
  • 19 Oct Henry O Tanner, painter, wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition
  • 24 Oct General Redvers Buller returns to England
  • 25 Oct England annexes Transvaal.
  • 26 Oct After 4 years of work, 1st section of New York subway opens
  • 28 Oct After over 5 months 2nd Olympic games in Paris France, close
  • 30 Oct 1st-ever US auto show opens in Madison Square Garden in New York City
  • 31 Oct AL President Ban Johnson writes to NL President Nick Young seeking peace
  • 06 Nov Battle at Bothaville: General Major Charles Knox beats Boers
  • 07 Nov Battle of Leliefontein, a battle during which the Royal Canadian Dragoons win three Victoria Crosses.
  • 29 Nov Lord Kitchener succeeds lord Roberts up as Supreme Commander in South Africa
  • 30 Nov A German engineer patents front-wheel drive for automobiles
  • 01 Dec South African President Paul Kruger visits Flanders.
  • 02 Dec South African President Paul Kruger arrives in Germany.
  • 07 Dec Max Planck, in his house at Grunewald, on the outskirts of Berlin, discovers the law of black body emission.
  • 09 Dec Dutch President Paul Kruger and Queen Wilhelmina have a triumphant procession.
  • 12 Dec National Negro Anthem, "Lift Every Voice and Sing" is composed.
  • 13 Dec Battle at Nooitgedacht: generals The la Rey / Smuts beat Britten
  • 14 Dec Quantum Mechanics: Max Planck presents a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law.
  • 16 Dec Boer army under General Kritzinger take Cape colony.
  • 17 Dec New Ellis Island Immigration station completed costing $1.5 million.
  • 18 Dec The Upper Ferntree Gully to Gembrook Narrow-gauge (2 ft 6 in or 762 mm) Railway (now the Puffing Billy Railway) in Victoria, Australia is opened for traffic.
  • 19 Dec Hopetoun Blunder: The first Governor-General of Australia John Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun, appointed Sir William Lyne as premier of the new state New South Wales, but he is unable to persuade other colonial politicians to join his government and is forced to resign.
  • 20 Dec Giacobini discovers a comet (will be first comet visited by spacecraft).
  • 25 Dec Arthur Schnitzlers "Leutnant Gustl" forbidden in Germany.
  • 29 Dec General Viljoen surprise attack British garrison to Helvetia.