1905

Just a few years after the turn of a new century, the year of 1905 saw the world take steps into a new era. It was a time of exploration and expansion, and the year provided hints of much bigger things to come.

1905

One of the biggest events on the world stage at the time was the Russo-Japanese War. In 1905, the war entered its second and final year. Ending in September of 1905 under the Treaty of Portsmouth (mediated by American President Theodore Roosevelt), the Japanese victory over the Russian Empire surprised the world and demonstrated that Japan would be a force to be reckoned with for years to come in this new century. The Russian loss also exacerbated internal unrest, which ultimately led to Tsar Nicholas II issuing his October Manifesto, promising government reforms that included the establishment of an elected parliament.

Helping finalize westward expansion in Canada and the United States, 1905 was the year that the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan were established from the existing Northwest Territories. 1905 was also the year that Las Vegas was founded in the United States. In another major political change during this year, Norway achieved independence from Sweden.

1905 was a hugely important year for the global scientific community, as Albert Einstein began working out his special theory of relativity.

1905 also saw some notable births and deaths. This was the year that philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre, writer Ayn Rand, and fashion designer Christian Dior were born. This year, too, though, the world lost author Jules Verne. Verne was best known for writing Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea, Journey to the Center of the Earth, and Around the World in Eighty Days. Verne is widely considered to be one of the fathers of the science fiction genre.

Discover how the world looked like in 1905

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Halfaouine

Halfaouine

Eine Fliegenjagd oder Die Rache der Frau Schultze

Eine Fliegenjagd oder Die Rache der Frau Schultze

Directed by: Eugen Skladanowsky, Max Skladanowsky

Starring: Frida Cotrelli, Eugen Skladanowsky

Country: Germany

La course aux tonneaux

La course aux tonneaux

Directed by: Ferdinand Zecca

Starring: Frida Cotrelli, Eugen Skladanowsky

Country: United States of America

La malia dell'oro

La malia dell'oro

Ensalada criolla

Ensalada criolla

Directed by: Eugene Py

Starring: Frida Cotrelli, Eugen Skladanowsky

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1905 in the USA ?

Top #10 male names
  1. John
  2. William
  3. James
  4. George
  5. Charles
  6. Robert
  7. Joseph
  8. Frank
  9. Edward
  10. Thomas
Top #10 female names
  1. Mary
  2. Helen
  3. Margaret
  4. Anna
  5. Ruth
  6. Elizabeth
  7. Dorothy
  8. Mildred
  9. Marie
  10. Alice
history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1905?


Events

  • 01 Jan The Trans-Siberian Railway officially opens after its completion on July 21, 1904.
  • 02 Jan Russo-Japanese War: The Russian garrison surrenders at Port Arthur, China
  • 05 Jan National Association of Audubon Society incorporates.
  • 09 Jan Bloody Sunday-demonstrators fired on by tsarist troops (1 / 22 NS)
  • 15 Jan Coen de Koning becomes world champion all-round skater.
  • 16 Jan Baseball outfielder Frank Huelsman traded for 6th time in 8 months.
  • 17 Jan Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer and C G Scannell, Chicago Illinois.
  • 18 Jan French government of Combes falls.
  • 22 Jan Bloody Sunday in St. Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
  • 25 Jan Largest diamond, Cullinan (3106 carets), found in South Africa
  • 26 Jan Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a monk in Korea.
  • 27 Jan Maurice Rouvier forms government in France.
  • 31 Jan Carroll Wright appointed first US Commissioner of Labor.
  • 01 Feb Hague soccer team ADO forms.
  • 07 Feb Dominican Republic signs treaty turning over customs collection to US.
  • 08 Feb Cyclone hit Tahiti and adjacent islands, killing some 10,000 people.
  • 12 Feb In Christchurch, New Zealand, the Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament is opened.
  • 13 Feb -40 degrees F (-40 degrees C) Warsaw Missouri (state record).
  • 16 Feb At Haulbowline Base in Ireland, two explosions on board HM Submarine A5, due to petrol fumes after refueling, kill six of the eleven crew.
  • 17 Feb Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall
  • 19 Feb Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Mukden begins in Manchuria.
  • 23 Feb Rotary Club International established by four men in Chicago.
  • 24 Feb Simplon tunnel in Switzerland completed.
  • 25 Feb Netherlands Workers van Vakverenigingen, (NVV) political party forms.
  • 01 Mar Australian Conservative leader Richard Butler takes office as Premier of South Australia.
  • 03 Mar US Forest Service forms.
  • 04 Mar Theodore Roosevelt begins second term in office as US President.
  • 05 Mar Cassie Chadwick is sentenced for 14 years in Cleveland, Ohio for fraud.
  • 10 Mar Japanese Army captures Mukden (Shenyang).
  • 11 Mar Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Rat Portage Thisles, two games to 1.
  • 14 Mar Chelsea FC is founded.
  • 17 Mar Eleanor Roosevelt marries Franklin Roosevelt in New York.
  • 20 Mar Grover Shoe Factory disaster: A boiler explosion, building collapse and fire in Brockton, Massachusetts kills 58.
  • 23 Mar Eleftherios Venizelos calls for Crete's union with Greece, and begins what is to be known as the Theriso revolt.
  • 25 Mar Rebel battle flags captured during war are returned to South.
  • 28 Mar Paramaribo-Dam railway opens in Suriname, never used.
  • 31 Mar German emperor Wilhelm II visits Tanger.
  • 01 Apr British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya.
  • 02 Apr Cairo to Cape Town railway opens
  • 04 Apr Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 370,000.
  • 06 Apr ''Lochner v. New York'': The Supreme Court of the United States invalidates New York's 8-hour-day law.
  • 12 Apr French Dufaux brothers test helicopter.
  • 17 Apr US Supreme court judges maximum work day unconstitutional.
  • 19 Apr 9th Boston Marathon won by Fred Lorz of New York in 2:38:25.4.
  • 22 Apr Operations begin uniting conservatory of Nature Monument in Amsterdam.
  • 25 Apr Whites win right to vote in South Africa.
  • 27 Apr World Exposition opens in Luik.
  • 29 Apr Pierre de Brazza lands in Libreville Gabon.
  • 02 May French newspapers publish lists of Jules Vernes unpublished work.
  • 05 May Robert S Abbott published first issue of newspaper "Chicago Defender".
  • 10 May 31st Kentucky Derby: Jack Martin aboard Agile wins in 2:100.75.
  • 11 May Albert Einstein submits his doctoral dissertation ''On the Motion of Small Particles...'', in which he explains Brownian motion. In the course of the year, Einstein publishes four papers, formulates the theory of special relativity and explains the photoelectric effect by quantization. 1905 is regarded as his quotmiracle yearquot.
  • 13 May James J Jeffries retires as boxing champion.
  • 15 May Las Vegas Nevada founded
  • 17 May Waseda University of Tokyo defeats Los Angeles High School 5-3 in baseball.
  • 19 May Tom Jenkins beats Frank Gotcha for heavyweight wrestling champion.
  • 22 May Royal Academy in Delft Holland becomes Technical High School.
  • 24 May 39th Belmont Stakes: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Tanya wins in 2:08.
  • 25 May The Commonwealth statue is placed atop the Capitol.
  • 26 May A pogrom against Jews in Minsk Belorussia.
  • 27 May 30th Preakness: W Davis aboard Cairngore wins in 1:45.8.
  • 28 May Russo-Japanese War: The Battle of Tsushima ends with the destruction of the Russian Baltic Fleet by Admiral Togo Heihachiro and the Imperial Japanese Navy.
  • 29 May Pogrom against Jewish community in Brisk Lithuania.
  • 31 May Emperor Wilhelm II lands in Tanger.
  • 01 Jun Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition opens in Portland, Oregon.
  • 07 Jun Norway's parliament dissolves its union with Sweden, a vote that is confirmed by a national plebiscite on August 13 of that year.
  • 09 Jun The Charlton Athletic F.C. is founded.
  • 13 Jun New York Giants Christy Mathewson second no-hitter, beats Chicago Cubs, 1-0.
  • 15 Jun Princess Margaret of Connaught marries Gustaf, Crown Prince of Sweden.
  • 25 Jun Warsaw and Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
  • 27 Jun Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship Potemkin
  • 29 Jun The Automobile Association is founded in the United Kingdom.
  • 30 Jun Albert Einstein publishes the article ''On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies'', in which he introduces special relativity.
  • 03 Jul Kuyper government forms in Holland
  • 04 Jul Philadelphia Athletics beat Boston Red Sox 4-2 in 20 inning game.
  • 06 Jul Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.
  • 07 Jul 127 degrees F (53 degrees C), Parker, Arizona (state record).
  • 08 Jul Part of Angel Island allocated for Immigration Detention Center.
  • 10 Jul Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court
  • 11 Jul Niagara Movement founded by WEB Dubois
  • 13 Jul The verdict in the six-month long Smarthavicharam trial of Kuriyedath Thathri is pronounced, leading to the excommunication of 65 men of various castes.
  • 22 Jul Taft-Katsura Agreement.
  • 23 Jul Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.
  • 31 Jul Matumbi rebellion at Samanga German East Africa
  • 06 Aug 26.7 cm rainfall at Princeton, Indiana (state record)
  • 10 Aug Russo-Japanese War: peace negotiations begin in Portsmouth, New Hampshire.
  • 12 Aug King Leopold II opens Central Station Antwerp
  • 14 Aug Ngindo-rebellion killed 5 RC German clergymen in East-Africa
  • 15 Aug Philadelphia Athletics Rube Waddell no-hits Saint Louis Browns, 2-0 in five innings.
  • 16 Aug Mbunga-rebellion occupy German post Ifakara East-Africa
  • 17 Aug Dutch government of De Master begins
  • 19 Aug Russian tsar installs Imperial Duma, without legislative powers
  • 24 Aug Chicago Cubs beat the Philadelphia Phillies 2-1 in 20 innings.
  • 25 Aug 'Ancient Order of Druids' initiate neo-druidic rituals at Stonehenge in England.
  • 29 Aug Pierre de Brazza leaves Brazzaville
  • 30 Aug Pogoro / Ngindo attack Fort Mahenge German East-Africa
  • 31 Aug 25th US Mens Tennis: Beals C Wright beats Holcombe Ward (62 61 119)
  • 05 Sep Treaty of Portsmouth USA, ends Russo-Japanese War.
  • 06 Sep General Trade journal publishes 1st Dutch photo (train accident)
  • 08 Sep Pittsburgh Pirates strand National League record 18 men on base and lose to Cincinnati Reds 8-3.
  • 10 Sep Japanese battleship Mikasa explodes
  • 14 Sep Albert Cuypstrat street market in Amsterdam inaugurated
  • 18 Sep Electric tramline opens in Rotterdam.
  • 20 Sep Cleveland makes AL record 7 errors in an inning
  • 21 Sep Atlanta Life Insurance Co forms
  • 22 Sep 11th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 314 at Myopia Club, Massachusetts
  • 23 Sep Mbunga-siege of Fort Mahenge German East-Africa broken
  • 27 Sep The physics journal Annalen der Physik published Albert Einstein's paper ''Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?'', introducing the equation E=mc?.
  • 01 Oct Frantisek Pavlik is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leos Janacek to the piano composition 1. X. 1905.
  • 02 Oct HMS ''Dreadnought'' is laid down, revolutionizing battleship design and triggering a naval arms race.
  • 05 Oct Wilbur Wright pilots Wright Flyer III in a flight of 24 miles in 39 minutes, a world record that stood until 1908.
  • 09 Oct Philadelphia Athletics meet Giants in World Series, Giants win 3-0
  • 14 Oct New York Giants beats Philadelphia Athletics, four games to one in second World Series, Giant's Christy Mathewson's third straight world series shutout.
  • 15 Oct Union workers at NVV rejects safety demands
  • 16 Oct The Partition of Bengal in India takes place.
  • 20 Oct Russian tsar allows Polish people to speak Polish
  • 21 Oct England Pilgrim Association beats All New York 11, 7-1 in soccer at Polo Grounds.
  • 26 Oct Norway becomes independent from Sweden.
  • 29 Oct Hottentot chief Hendrik Witbooi fataly injured
  • 30 Oct Czar Nicholas II of Russia grants Russia's first constitution, creating a legislative assembly.
  • 31 Oct Great revolutionary demonstration for amnesty in St. Petersburg
  • 03 Nov Czar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for political prisoners.
  • 04 Nov Harbor strike against importing grain elevators in Rotterdam
  • 09 Nov Swedish mine workers win 5 month strike for minimum wages
  • 10 Nov Sailors revolt in Kronstadt Russia
  • 16 Nov Netherlands / Russian Count Witte becomes Premier of Russia
  • 18 Nov George Bernard Shaws Major Barbara, premieres in London
  • 21 Nov 1st game ever played in the Australian Tennis Open
  • 22 Nov British, Italian, Russ, French and Aust-Hung fleet attack Lesbos
  • 23 Nov Henry Watson Furness, an Indiana physician, named minister of Haiti.
  • 24 Nov Moshav Hertzlia forms in Israel
  • 25 Nov The Danish Prins Carl arrives in Norway to become King Haakon VII of Norway.
  • 28 Nov Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith founds Sinn Fein as a political party with the main aim of establishing a dual monarchy in Ireland.
  • 04 Dec British government of Balfour resigns.
  • 05 Dec Henry Campbell-Bannerman (Liberal) becomes Prime Minister of England.
  • 09 Dec French Assembly National votes for separation of church and state.
  • 11 Dec British government of Campbell-Bannerman forms.
  • 15 Dec The Pushkin House is established in St. Petersburg to preserve the cultural heritage of Alexander Pushkin
  • 18 Dec H V Hordern takes 8-81 in second innings of F-C debut (New South Wales versus Queensland).
  • 27 Dec M A Noble scores 281 (369 minutes, 21 fours) New South Wales versus Victoria.
  • 28 Dec New South Wales all out for 805 versus Victoria, win by innings and 253.
  • 30 Dec Former Governor Frank Steunenberg is assassinated near his home in Caldwell, Idaho.