1918

The events of 1918 would fundamentally change the world. The effects of these events would cause a ripple effect that we can still observe to the present day. As 1918 was the final year of World War One, the major events of the year were dominated by the war.

1918

In January, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States, delivered his famous Fourteen Points speech, in which he laid out principles for a sustained world peace in the aftermath of the Great War. While the actual peace terms offered by the Allied Powers were quite different from what Wilson presented in his Points, Wilson still advocated for peace terms that he thought would make this war the “War to End All Wars.”

Also in the United States, in a major event regarding civil liberties, the U.S. Congress passed the Sedition Act of 1918. This law stated that Americans would not be permitted to criticize the government, nor would they be permitted to speak out against the war (WWI).

In Russia, in an event that would shape events for at least a century, the Imperial family, the Romanovs, were murdered in July by order of the Bolshevik Party. This truly marked the end of the era of rule by Russian nobility and ushered in the Communist era, which would last until the end of the century.

World War One was formally ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. It should be noted, though, that Treaty brought an end to hostilities between the Allied Powers and Germany. The other Central Powers made peace with the Allies in separate treaties. It is also worth noting that the war’s end brought with it an end to a few empires. The Russian Empire, German Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the Ottoman Empire all disintegrated and out of the ashes were formed new states, if not nation-states.

Indeed, the war’s conclusion marked the beginning of the end of aristocratic rule in the Western world. On a final note, it is well known that Germany in particular was given hard peace terms, so much so that the resentment in Germany helped fuel the rise of National Socialism, and ultimately the rise of the infamous Third Reich.

Discover how the world looked like in 1918

Looking for 1918 Calendar ? Here it is: January 1918, February 1918, March 1918, April 1918, May 1918, June 1918, July 1918, August 1918, September 1918, October 1918, November 1918, December 1918

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1918


Physics

  • Max Planck

Chemistry

  • Fritz Haber
vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1918?


Top #1 songs in the USA

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Stella Maris

Stella Maris

Directed by: Marshall Neilan

Starring: Mary Pickford, Ida Waterman, Herbert Standing, Conway Tearle

Country: United States of America

Shifting Sands

Shifting Sands

Directed by: Albert Parker

Starring: Gloria Swanson, Joe King, Harvey Clark, Leone Carton

Country: United States of America

Little Orphant Annie

Little Orphant Annie

Directed by: Colin Campbell

Starring: Colleen Moore, Tom Santschi, Harry Lonsdale, Eugenie Besserer

The Blue Bird

The Blue Bird

Directed by: Maurice Tourneur

Starring: Tula Belle, Robin Macdougall, Edwin E. Reed, Emma Lowry

Country: United States of America

Shoulder Arms

Shoulder Arms

Directed by: Charles Chaplin

Starring: Edna Purviance, Charles Chaplin, Syd Chaplin, Loyal Underwood

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1918 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1918?


Events

  • 01 Jan 1918 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland.
  • 03 Jan 1918 US employment service opens as a unit of Department of Labor.
  • 05 Jan 1918 British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace.
  • 08 Jan 1918 Mississippi becomes first state to ratify 18th amendment (prohibition).
  • 09 Jan 1918 Battle of Bear Valley: The last battle of the American Indian Wars.
  • 12 Jan 1918 Montreal Canadiens' Joe Malone scores five goals beating Ottawa 9-4.
  • 14 Jan 1918 Finland and the USSR adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • 17 Jan 1918 Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles take place between the Red Guards and the White Guard.
  • 18 Jan 1918 Constituent Assembly meet in Russia.
  • 19 Jan 1918 Soviets disallows a Constitution Assembly.
  • 22 Jan 1918 Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet).
  • 24 Jan 1918 The Gregorian calendar is introduced in Russia by decree of the Council of People's Commissars effective February 14(NS)
  • 25 Jan 1918 Russia declared a republic of Soviets.
  • 26 Jan 1918 President Hoover calls for wheatless and meatless days for war effort
  • 27 Jan 1918 The Finnish Civil War begins.
  • 28 Jan 1918 Trotsky becomes leader of Reds.
  • 29 Jan 1918 Ukrainian-Soviet War: An armed uprising organized by the Bolsheviks in anticipation of the encroaching Red Army begins at the Kiev Arsenal, which will be put down six days later.
  • 31 Jan 1918 A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
  • 01 Feb 1918 Russia adopts Gregorian calender (becomes February 14)
  • 03 Feb 1918 The Twin Peaks Tunnel in San Francisco, California begins service as the longest streetcar tunnel in the world at 11,920 feet (3,633 meters) long.
  • 05 Feb 1918 Separation of church and state begins in the USSR
  • 06 Feb 1918 Britain grants women (30 and over) the vote.
  • 09 Feb 1918 Army chaplain school organized at Fort Monroe Virginia.
  • 14 Feb 1918 H Atteridge and S Rombergs musical "Sinbad" premieres in New York City, New York.
  • 15 Feb 1918 Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania adopt the Gregorian calendar.
  • 16 Feb 1918 The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopts the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state.
  • 21 Feb 1918 Australians chase Turkish troop out of Jericho, Dutch Palestine.
  • 22 Feb 1918 Germany claims Baltic states, Finland and Ukraine from Russia.
  • 23 Feb 1918 First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. In honor of this victory, the date is celebrated from 1923 onward as ''Red Army Day''; it is renamed Defender of the Fatherland Day after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, and is colloquially known as ''Men's Day''.
  • 24 Feb 1918 After 7 centuries of foreign rule, Estonia declares its independence from the Russian Empire. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia also declare their independence from the Russian Empire but as the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic.
  • 26 Feb 1918 Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse and burn, killing 604.
  • 01 Mar 1918 The German submarine off Rathlin Island, Northern Ireland.
  • 02 Mar 1918 New York Yankees purchase first baseman George Burns from Detroit Tigers and immediately trades him to Philadelphia Athletics.
  • 03 Mar 1918 Germany, Austria and Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ending Russia's involvement in World War I, and leading to the independence of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
  • 04 Mar 1918 Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921).
  • 06 Mar 1918 The Finnish Air Force is founded. The blue swastika is adopted as its symbol as a tribute to the Swedish explorer and aviator Eric von Rosen, who donated the first plane. Von Rosen had painted the Buddhist symbol on the plane as his personal lucky insignia.
  • 09 Mar 1918 Wageningen Agricultural College Netherlands opens.
  • 11 Mar 1918 Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia.
  • 12 Mar 1918 Moscow becomes the capital of Russia again after Saint Petersburg held this status for 215 years.
  • 13 Mar 1918 American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms.
  • 17 Mar 1918 US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Rosemary Beresford.
  • 18 Mar 1918 Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam.
  • 19 Mar 1918 S Potter becomes first US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane.
  • 21 Mar 1918 World War I: The first phase of the German Spring Offensive, Operation Michael, begins.
  • 30 Mar 1918 Stanley Cup: Toronto Arenas (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2.
  • 31 Mar 1918 Massacre of ethnic Azerbaijanis is committed by allied armed groups of Armenian Revolutionary Federation and Bolsheviks. Nearly 12,000 Azerbaijani Muslims are killed.
  • 01 Apr 1918 The Royal Air Force is created by the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.
  • 03 Apr 1918 House of Representatives accepts American Creed written by William Tyler.
  • 04 Apr 1918 Food riot in Amsterdam.
  • 05 Apr 1918 The US Treasury offers the Third Liberty Loan seeking $3 billion in bonds paying 4.5 percent interest.
  • 09 Apr 1918 Latvia proclaims independence from Russia.
  • 13 Apr 1918 Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital.
  • 14 Apr 1918 Douglas Campbell is first US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane).
  • 15 Apr 1918 Clemenceau publishes secret French / Austrian documents
  • 18 Apr 1918 Cleveland center fielder Tris Speaker turns an unassisted double play.
  • 21 Apr 1918 World War I: German fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen, known as ''The Red Baron'', is shot down and killed over Vaux-sur-Somme in France.
  • 23 Apr 1918 National Urban League forms.
  • 29 Apr 1918 Tris Speaker ties career outfield record of four unassisted double plays.
  • 30 Apr 1918 Orange Nassau soccer team forms in Groningen.
  • 01 May 1918 German troops enter Don province they take Rostov May 6.
  • 02 May 1918 General Motors acquires the Chevrolet Motor Company of Delaware.
  • 10 May 1918 HMS Vindictive sunk to block entrance of Ostend Harbor.
  • 11 May 1918 44th Kentucky Derby: William Knapp on Exterminator wins in 2:10.8.
  • 14 May 1918 Sunday baseball is made legal in Washington DC.
  • 15 May 1918 1st airmail postal service (NY, Philadelphia & Washington DC)
  • 16 May 1918 The Sedition Act of 1918 is passed by the U.S. Congress, making criticism of the government an imprisonable offense.
  • 18 May 1918 Netherlands Indian Volksraad installed in Batavia.
  • 19 May 1918 Washington's first Sunday game, Senators beat Cleveland 1-0 in 18 innings.
  • 20 May 1918 The small town of Codell, Kansas is hit for the third year in a row by a tornado. Coincidentally, all three tornadoes hit on May 20, 1916, 1917, and 1918 respectively.
  • 21 May 1918 House of Representatives passes amendment allowing women to vote.
  • 23 May 1918 King Oil / Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
  • 24 May 1918 Cleveland beats New York Yankees 3-2 in 19 inning.
  • 26 May 1918 Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia.
  • 27 May 1918 Battle of Aisne.
  • 28 May 1918 Tatars declares Azerbaijan, in Russian Caucasus, independent.
  • 29 May 1918 Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarapat.
  • 01 Jun 1918 Excelsior Maassluis soccer team forms in Maassluis
  • 06 Jun 1918 World War I: Battle of Belleau Wood : The U.S. Marine Corps suffers its worst single day's casualties while attempting to recapture the wood at Chateau-Thierry.
  • 10 Jun 1918 The Austro-Hungarian battleship SMS Szent Istvan sinks after being torpedoed by an Italian MAS motorboat.
  • 12 Jun 1918 Grand Duke Michael of Russia is murdered, thereby becoming the first of the Romanovs to be murdered by the Bolsheviks.
  • 13 Jun 1918 Phillies and Cards tie 8-8 in 19 innings
  • 15 Jun 1918 50th Belmont: Frank Robinson aboard Johren wins in 2:20.6
  • 22 Jun 1918 32nd US Womens Tennis: Molla Bjurstedt Mallory beats E E Goss (64 63)
  • 24 Jun 1918 First airmail service in Canada from Montreal to Toronto.
  • 25 Jun 1918 Baku-Turkish communist party forms
  • 26 Jun 1918 World War I, Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood : Allied Forces under John J. Pershing and James Harbord defeat Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.
  • 30 Jun 1918 In Richardton, North Dakota, USA, a chondrite meteorite falls striking a building.
  • 03 Jul 1918 The Siberian Expedition is launched to extract the Czechoslovak Legion from the Russian Civil War.
  • 04 Jul 1918 Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Washington.
  • 09 Jul 1918 Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal
  • 10 Jul 1918 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic established.
  • 12 Jul 1918 Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
  • 13 Jul 1918 The National Czechoslovak Committee is established.
  • 14 Jul 1918 Dutch government reclaims South seas
  • 15 Jul 1918 Shooting of the Romanov family: By order of the Bolshevik Party and carried out by the Cheka, Tsar Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra Feodorovna, their children, Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei, and retainers are executed at the Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg, Russia.
  • 17 Jul 1918 Longest errorless game, Chicago Cubs beat Philadelphia Phillies 2-1 in 21 innings.
  • 18 Jul 1918 US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive in WW I.
  • 19 Jul 1918 Washington catcher Eddie Ainsmith applies for deferment from the draft Secretary of War Newton D Baker rules baseball players are not draft exempt
  • 20 Jul 1918 World War I: German troops cross the Marne.
  • 21 Jul 1918 U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts.
  • 25 Jul 1918 Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of US, California
  • 26 Jul 1918 Race riot in Philadelphia (three whites and one black killed).
  • 27 Jul 1918 Socony 200, first concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, New York.
  • 01 Aug 1918 British troops enter Vladivostok
  • 02 Aug 1918 Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I.
  • 06 Aug 1918 Ferdinand Foch becomes marshal of France
  • 08 Aug 1918 Canada / Australian / British breakthrough with 600 tanks at Amiens
  • 09 Aug 1918 Reds manager Christy Mathewson suspects Hal Chase of taking bribes to fix games, and suspends him for indifferent play
  • 10 Aug 1918 Russian Revolution: The British commander in Archangel is told to help the White Russians.
  • 11 Aug 1918 Battle of Amiens ends in WW I, Allieds beat Germans.
  • 13 Aug 1918 Women enlist in the United States Marine Corps for the first time. Opha Mae Johnson is the first woman to enlist.
  • 15 Aug 1918 Russia severs diplomatic ties with US
  • 16 Aug 1918 US troops overthrows Archangelsk
  • 17 Aug 1918 British troops attack Baku Azerbaijan
  • 20 Aug 1918 Britain opens offensive on Western front during WW I.
  • 21 Aug 1918 World War I: The Second Battle of the Somme begins.
  • 24 Aug 1918 Chicago Cubs, win earliest pennent ever (season ended September 2)
  • 27 Aug 1918 Christy Mathewson resigns as Reds manager to accept a commission as a captain in chemical warfare branch of Army
  • 28 Aug 1918 Tris Speaker suspended for season due to assault on ump Tom Connolly
  • 29 Aug 1918 Bapaume taken by the New Zealand Division in the Hundred Days Offensive
  • 30 Aug 1918 Czechoslovakia forms independence Republic
  • 31 Aug 1918 Boston Red Sox, win earliest AL pennent ever (season ended September 2)
  • 01 Sep 1918 Ty Cobb pitches 2 innings against Browns
  • 03 Sep 1918 38th US Mens Tennis: R L Murray beats William T Tilden (63 61 75)
  • 04 Sep 1918 Jhr Ch Ruys de Beerenbrouck becomes 1st Dutch Catholic Premier
  • 05 Sep 1918 Decree ''On Red Terror'' is published in Russia
  • 09 Sep 1918 Dutch government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
  • 10 Sep 1918 Players on both sides threaten to strike the World Series unless they are guaranteed $2,500 to the winners and $1,000 each for the losers
  • 11 Sep 1918 Boston Red Sox beat Chicago Cubs, four games to two in 15th World Series.
  • 13 Sep 1918 Train accident at Weesp Neth, kills 42
  • 15 Sep 1918 CH Chubb gives Stonehenge to English state
  • 18 Sep 1918 Battle of Megiddo (Palestine) starts
  • 20 Sep 1918 Royal Dutch Blast furnace and Steel factory opens in Hague
  • 26 Sep 1918 Battle of the Argonne, final major battle of WWI
  • 28 Sep 1918 The US offers the fourth Liberty Loan bond issue of $5 billion at 4.25 percent interest.
  • 29 Sep 1918 Allied forces score a decisive breakthrough of the Hindenburg Line.
  • 01 Oct 1918 World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a ''Lawrence of Arabia'') capture Damascus.
  • 03 Oct 1918 Czar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria does distance of throne
  • 04 Oct 1918 Musical Sometime with Mae West premieres in New York City
  • 06 Oct 1918 US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland and Ireland, 425 die
  • 08 Oct 1918 World War I: In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Corporal Alvin C. York leads an attack that kills 25 German soldiers and captures 132.
  • 09 Oct 1918 Landgrave Friedrich Karl of Hessen-Kassel is elected King of Finland.
  • 11 Oct 1918 Puerto Rico earthquake: The city of Mayagüez and adjacent towns are nearly destroyed by a 7.5 earthquake and a tsunami.
  • 12 Oct 1918 Forest fire in Minnesota and Northern Wisconsin kills about 800
  • 13 Oct 1918 Mehmed Talat Pasha and the Young Turk (C.U.P.) ministry resign and sign an armistice, ending Ottoman participation in World War I.
  • 15 Oct 1918 British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
  • 17 Oct 1918 De Kooy airport in the Netherlands opens
  • 18 Oct 1918 Czechoslovakia declares Independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • 20 Oct 1918 Germans, aimed at an armistice, Germans agree to further concessions
  • 21 Oct 1918 Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for one min.
  • 23 Oct 1918 Actor Charlie Chaplin (29) weds Mildred Harris (17)
  • 25 Oct 1918 Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hit a reef off Alaska, 398 die.
  • 26 Oct 1918 Soldier revolt at Harskamp Veluwe
  • 28 Oct 1918 World War I: Czechoslovakia is granted independence from Austria-Hungary marking the beginning of independent Czechoslovak state, after 300 years.
  • 29 Oct 1918 The German High Seas Fleet is incapacitated when sailors mutiny on the night of the 29th-30th, an action which would trigger the German revolution.
  • 30 Oct 1918 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state.
  • 31 Oct 1918 Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in 1 week
  • 01 Nov 1918 102 die in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
  • 03 Nov 1918 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I.
  • 04 Nov 1918 Kiel in hands of revolutionary sailors
  • 06 Nov 1918 Supreme commander of the army General Cutters resigns
  • 07 Nov 1918 Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets.
  • 08 Nov 1918 Pro-German Supreme Commander general Cutters lay-offs
  • 09 Nov 1918 Republic Germany proclaimed
  • 10 Nov 1918 German Emperor Wilhelm II flees to the Netherlands
  • 11 Nov 1918 Armistice Day-WW I ends (at 11 AM on Western Front)
  • 12 Nov 1918 Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic.
  • 13 Nov 1918 Monarch Friedrich of Waldeck and Pyrmont abdicates throne
  • 14 Nov 1918 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with T.G. Masaryk as President.
  • 17 Nov 1918 Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
  • 18 Nov 1918 Brussels free Stofnar
  • 21 Nov 1918 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
  • 22 Nov 1918 Bathe: grand Duke Frederik II resigns
  • 23 Nov 1918 Heber J. Grant succeeds Joseph F. Smith as the seventh president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
  • 25 Nov 1918 Vojvodina, formerly Austro-Hungarian crown land, proclaims its secession from Austria : Hungary to join the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 26 Nov 1918 The Podgorica Assembly votes for ''union of the people'', declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 28 Nov 1918 Emperor Wilhelm of Prussia and Germany, abdicates
  • 29 Nov 1918 Serbia annexes Montenegro
  • 30 Nov 1918 Ernest Ansermet conducts the first concert by the ''Orchestre de la Suisse Romande''.
  • 01 Dec 1918 Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established
  • 04 Dec 1918 President Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France, 1st chief executive to travel outside US while in office
  • 05 Dec 1918 Oil refinery on Cura?ao opens.
  • 09 Dec 1918 French troops occupies Mainz.
  • 12 Dec 1918 Flag of Estonia is raised atop the Pikk Hermann for the first time.
  • 13 Dec 1918 US army of occupation crosses the Rhine, enters Germany.
  • 16 Dec 1918 Jack Dempsey knocks out Carl Morris in 14 seconds.
  • 17 Dec 1918 Culmination of the Darwin Rebellion as some 1000 demonstrators march on Government House in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.
  • 18 Dec 1918 The United States House of Representatives approves the Eighteenth Amendment to enact Prohibition.
  • 19 Dec 1918 Robert Ripley begins his "Believe It or Not" column (New York Globe).
  • 20 Dec 1918 Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk returns to the Czechoslovak Republic.
  • 27 Dec 1918 The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.
  • 28 Dec 1918 Constance Markiewicz while detained in Holloway prison, became the first woman to be elected MP to the British House of Commons.
  • 30 Dec 1918 John E Hoover decides to be called J Edgar Hoover
  • 31 Dec 1918 Kid Gleason replaces Pants Rowland as Chicago White Sox manager.