1918

The events of 1918 would fundamentally change the world. The effects of these events would cause a ripple effect that we can still observe to the present day. As 1918 was the final year of World War One, the major events of the year were dominated by the war.

1918

In January, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States, delivered his famous Fourteen Points speech, in which he laid out principles for a sustained world peace in the aftermath of the Great War. While the actual peace terms offered by the Allied Powers were quite different from what Wilson presented in his Points, Wilson still advocated for peace terms that he thought would make this war the “War to End All Wars.”

Also in the United States, in a major event regarding civil liberties, the U.S. Congress passed the Sedition Act of 1918. This law stated that Americans would not be permitted to criticize the government, nor would they be permitted to speak out against the war (WWI).

In Russia, in an event that would shape events for at least a century, the Imperial family, the Romanovs, were murdered in July by order of the Bolshevik Party. This truly marked the end of the era of rule by Russian nobility and ushered in the Communist era, which would last until the end of the century.

World War One was formally ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. It should be noted, though, that Treaty brought an end to hostilities between the Allied Powers and Germany. The other Central Powers made peace with the Allies in separate treaties. It is also worth noting that the war’s end brought with it an end to a few empires. The Russian Empire, German Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the Ottoman Empire all disintegrated and out of the ashes were formed new states, if not nation-states.

Indeed, the war’s conclusion marked the beginning of the end of aristocratic rule in the Western world. On a final note, it is well known that Germany in particular was given hard peace terms, so much so that the resentment in Germany helped fuel the rise of National Socialism, and ultimately the rise of the infamous Third Reich.

Discover how the world looked like in 1918

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1918


Physics

  • Max Planck

Chemistry

  • Fritz Haber
vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1918?


Top #1 songs in the USA

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

Stella Maris

Stella Maris

Directed by: Marshall Neilan

Starring: Mary Pickford, Ida Waterman, Herbert Standing, Conway Tearle

Country: United States of America

Shifting Sands

Shifting Sands

Directed by: Albert Parker

Starring: Gloria Swanson, Joe King, Harvey Clark, Leone Carton

Country: United States of America

Little Orphant Annie

Little Orphant Annie

Directed by: Colin Campbell

Starring: Colleen Moore, Tom Santschi, Harry Lonsdale, Eugenie Besserer

The Blue Bird

The Blue Bird

Directed by: Maurice Tourneur

Starring: Tula Belle, Robin Macdougall, Edwin E. Reed, Emma Lowry

Country: United States of America

Little Women

Little Women

Directed by: Harley Knoles

Starring: Isabel Lamon, Dorothy Bernard, Lillian Hall, Florence Flinn

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1918 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1918?


Events

  • 01 Jan Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland.
  • 03 Jan US employment service opens as a unit of Department of Labor.
  • 05 Jan British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace.
  • 08 Jan Mississippi becomes first state to ratify 18th amendment (prohibition).
  • 09 Jan Battle of Bear Valley: The last battle of the American Indian Wars.
  • 12 Jan Montreal Canadiens' Joe Malone scores five goals beating Ottawa 9-4.
  • 14 Jan Finland and the USSR adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • 17 Jan Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles take place between the Red Guards and the White Guard.
  • 18 Jan Constituent Assembly meet in Russia.
  • 19 Jan Soviets disallows a Constitution Assembly.
  • 22 Jan Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet).
  • 24 Jan The Gregorian calendar is introduced in Russia by decree of the Council of People's Commissars effective February 14(NS)
  • 25 Jan Russia declared a republic of Soviets.
  • 26 Jan President Hoover calls for wheatless and meatless days for war effort
  • 27 Jan The Finnish Civil War begins.
  • 28 Jan Trotsky becomes leader of Reds.
  • 29 Jan Ukrainian-Soviet War: An armed uprising organized by the Bolsheviks in anticipation of the encroaching Red Army begins at the Kiev Arsenal, which will be put down six days later.
  • 31 Jan A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
  • 01 Feb Russia adopts Gregorian calender (becomes February 14)
  • 03 Feb The Twin Peaks Tunnel in San Francisco, California begins service as the longest streetcar tunnel in the world at 11,920 feet (3,633 meters) long.
  • 05 Feb Separation of church and state begins in the USSR
  • 06 Feb Britain grants women (30 and over) the vote.
  • 09 Feb Army chaplain school organized at Fort Monroe Virginia.
  • 14 Feb H Atteridge and S Rombergs musical "Sinbad" premieres in New York City, New York.
  • 15 Feb Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania adopt the Gregorian calendar.
  • 16 Feb The Council of Lithuania unanimously adopts the Act of Independence, declaring Lithuania an independent state.
  • 21 Feb Australians chase Turkish troop out of Jericho, Dutch Palestine.
  • 22 Feb Germany claims Baltic states, Finland and Ukraine from Russia.
  • 23 Feb First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. In honor of this victory, the date is celebrated from 1923 onward as ''Red Army Day''; it is renamed Defender of the Fatherland Day after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, and is colloquially known as ''Men's Day''.
  • 24 Feb After 7 centuries of foreign rule, Estonia declares its independence from the Russian Empire. Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia also declare their independence from the Russian Empire but as the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic.
  • 26 Feb Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse and burn, killing 604.
  • 01 Mar The German submarine off Rathlin Island, Northern Ireland.
  • 02 Mar New York Yankees purchase first baseman George Burns from Detroit Tigers and immediately trades him to Philadelphia Athletics.
  • 03 Mar Germany, Austria and Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ending Russia's involvement in World War I, and leading to the independence of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
  • 04 Mar Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921).
  • 06 Mar The Finnish Air Force is founded. The blue swastika is adopted as its symbol as a tribute to the Swedish explorer and aviator Eric von Rosen, who donated the first plane. Von Rosen had painted the Buddhist symbol on the plane as his personal lucky insignia.
  • 09 Mar Wageningen Agricultural College Netherlands opens.
  • 11 Mar Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia.
  • 12 Mar Moscow becomes the capital of Russia again after Saint Petersburg held this status for 215 years.
  • 13 Mar American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms.
  • 17 Mar US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Rosemary Beresford.
  • 18 Mar Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam.
  • 19 Mar S Potter becomes first US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane.
  • 21 Mar World War I: The first phase of the German Spring Offensive, Operation Michael, begins.
  • 30 Mar Stanley Cup: Toronto Arenas (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2.
  • 31 Mar Massacre of ethnic Azerbaijanis is committed by allied armed groups of Armenian Revolutionary Federation and Bolsheviks. Nearly 12,000 Azerbaijani Muslims are killed.
  • 01 Apr The Royal Air Force is created by the merger of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.
  • 03 Apr House of Representatives accepts American Creed written by William Tyler.
  • 04 Apr Food riot in Amsterdam.
  • 05 Apr The US Treasury offers the Third Liberty Loan seeking $3 billion in bonds paying 4.5 percent interest.
  • 09 Apr Latvia proclaims independence from Russia.
  • 13 Apr Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital.
  • 14 Apr Douglas Campbell is first US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane).
  • 15 Apr Clemenceau publishes secret French / Austrian documents
  • 18 Apr Cleveland center fielder Tris Speaker turns an unassisted double play.
  • 21 Apr World War I: German fighter ace Manfred von Richthofen, known as ''The Red Baron'', is shot down and killed over Vaux-sur-Somme in France.
  • 23 Apr National Urban League forms.
  • 29 Apr Tris Speaker ties career outfield record of four unassisted double plays.
  • 30 Apr Orange Nassau soccer team forms in Groningen.
  • 01 May German troops enter Don province they take Rostov May 6.
  • 02 May General Motors acquires the Chevrolet Motor Company of Delaware.
  • 10 May HMS Vindictive sunk to block entrance of Ostend Harbor.
  • 11 May 44th Kentucky Derby: William Knapp on Exterminator wins in 2:10.8.
  • 14 May Sunday baseball is made legal in Washington DC.
  • 15 May 1st airmail postal service (NY, Philadelphia & Washington DC)
  • 16 May The Sedition Act of 1918 is passed by the U.S. Congress, making criticism of the government an imprisonable offense.
  • 18 May Netherlands Indian Volksraad installed in Batavia.
  • 19 May Washington's first Sunday game, Senators beat Cleveland 1-0 in 18 innings.
  • 20 May The small town of Codell, Kansas is hit for the third year in a row by a tornado. Coincidentally, all three tornadoes hit on May 20, 1916, 1917, and 1918 respectively.
  • 21 May House of Representatives passes amendment allowing women to vote.
  • 23 May King Oil / Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
  • 24 May Cleveland beats New York Yankees 3-2 in 19 inning.
  • 26 May Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia.
  • 27 May Battle of Aisne.
  • 28 May Tatars declares Azerbaijan, in Russian Caucasus, independent.
  • 29 May Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarapat.
  • 01 Jun Excelsior Maassluis soccer team forms in Maassluis
  • 06 Jun World War I: Battle of Belleau Wood : The U.S. Marine Corps suffers its worst single day's casualties while attempting to recapture the wood at Chateau-Thierry.
  • 10 Jun The Austro-Hungarian battleship SMS Szent Istvan sinks after being torpedoed by an Italian MAS motorboat.
  • 12 Jun Grand Duke Michael of Russia is murdered, thereby becoming the first of the Romanovs to be murdered by the Bolsheviks.
  • 13 Jun Phillies and Cards tie 8-8 in 19 innings
  • 15 Jun 50th Belmont: Frank Robinson aboard Johren wins in 2:20.6
  • 22 Jun 32nd US Womens Tennis: Molla Bjurstedt Mallory beats E E Goss (64 63)
  • 24 Jun First airmail service in Canada from Montreal to Toronto.
  • 25 Jun Baku-Turkish communist party forms
  • 26 Jun World War I, Western Front: Battle for Belleau Wood : Allied Forces under John J. Pershing and James Harbord defeat Imperial German Forces under Wilhelm, German Crown Prince.
  • 30 Jun In Richardton, North Dakota, USA, a chondrite meteorite falls striking a building.
  • 03 Jul The Siberian Expedition is launched to extract the Czechoslovak Legion from the Russian Civil War.
  • 04 Jul Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Washington.
  • 09 Jul Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal
  • 10 Jul Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic established.
  • 12 Jul Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
  • 13 Jul The National Czechoslovak Committee is established.
  • 14 Jul Dutch government reclaims South seas
  • 15 Jul Shooting of the Romanov family: By order of the Bolshevik Party and carried out by the Cheka, Tsar Nicholas II, his wife Alexandra Feodorovna, their children, Olga, Tatiana, Maria, Anastasia, and Alexei, and retainers are executed at the Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg, Russia.
  • 17 Jul Longest errorless game, Chicago Cubs beat Philadelphia Phillies 2-1 in 21 innings.
  • 18 Jul US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive in WW I.
  • 19 Jul Washington catcher Eddie Ainsmith applies for deferment from the draft Secretary of War Newton D Baker rules baseball players are not draft exempt
  • 20 Jul World War I: German troops cross the Marne.
  • 21 Jul U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts.
  • 25 Jul Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of US, California
  • 26 Jul Race riot in Philadelphia (three whites and one black killed).
  • 27 Jul Socony 200, first concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, New York.
  • 01 Aug British troops enter Vladivostok
  • 02 Aug Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I.
  • 06 Aug Ferdinand Foch becomes marshal of France
  • 08 Aug Canada / Australian / British breakthrough with 600 tanks at Amiens
  • 09 Aug Reds manager Christy Mathewson suspects Hal Chase of taking bribes to fix games, and suspends him for indifferent play
  • 10 Aug Russian Revolution: The British commander in Archangel is told to help the White Russians.
  • 11 Aug Battle of Amiens ends in WW I, Allieds beat Germans.
  • 13 Aug Women enlist in the United States Marine Corps for the first time. Opha Mae Johnson is the first woman to enlist.
  • 15 Aug Russia severs diplomatic ties with US
  • 16 Aug US troops overthrows Archangelsk
  • 17 Aug British troops attack Baku Azerbaijan
  • 20 Aug Britain opens offensive on Western front during WW I.
  • 21 Aug World War I: The Second Battle of the Somme begins.
  • 24 Aug Chicago Cubs, win earliest pennent ever (season ended September 2)
  • 27 Aug Christy Mathewson resigns as Reds manager to accept a commission as a captain in chemical warfare branch of Army
  • 28 Aug Tris Speaker suspended for season due to assault on ump Tom Connolly
  • 29 Aug Bapaume taken by the New Zealand Division in the Hundred Days Offensive
  • 30 Aug Czechoslovakia forms independence Republic
  • 31 Aug Boston Red Sox, win earliest AL pennent ever (season ended September 2)
  • 01 Sep Ty Cobb pitches 2 innings against Browns
  • 03 Sep 38th US Mens Tennis: R L Murray beats William T Tilden (63 61 75)
  • 04 Sep Jhr Ch Ruys de Beerenbrouck becomes 1st Dutch Catholic Premier
  • 05 Sep Decree ''On Red Terror'' is published in Russia
  • 09 Sep Dutch government of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
  • 10 Sep Players on both sides threaten to strike the World Series unless they are guaranteed $2,500 to the winners and $1,000 each for the losers
  • 11 Sep Boston Red Sox beat Chicago Cubs, four games to two in 15th World Series.
  • 13 Sep Train accident at Weesp Neth, kills 42
  • 15 Sep CH Chubb gives Stonehenge to English state
  • 18 Sep Battle of Megiddo (Palestine) starts
  • 20 Sep Royal Dutch Blast furnace and Steel factory opens in Hague
  • 26 Sep Battle of the Argonne, final major battle of WWI
  • 28 Sep The US offers the fourth Liberty Loan bond issue of $5 billion at 4.25 percent interest.
  • 29 Sep Allied forces score a decisive breakthrough of the Hindenburg Line.
  • 01 Oct World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a ''Lawrence of Arabia'') capture Damascus.
  • 03 Oct Czar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria does distance of throne
  • 04 Oct Musical Sometime with Mae West premieres in New York City
  • 06 Oct US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland and Ireland, 425 die
  • 08 Oct World War I: In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Corporal Alvin C. York leads an attack that kills 25 German soldiers and captures 132.
  • 09 Oct Landgrave Friedrich Karl of Hessen-Kassel is elected King of Finland.
  • 11 Oct Puerto Rico earthquake: The city of Mayagüez and adjacent towns are nearly destroyed by a 7.5 earthquake and a tsunami.
  • 12 Oct Forest fire in Minnesota and Northern Wisconsin kills about 800
  • 13 Oct Mehmed Talat Pasha and the Young Turk (C.U.P.) ministry resign and sign an armistice, ending Ottoman participation in World War I.
  • 15 Oct British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
  • 17 Oct De Kooy airport in the Netherlands opens
  • 18 Oct Czechoslovakia declares Independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • 20 Oct Germans, aimed at an armistice, Germans agree to further concessions
  • 21 Oct Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for one min.
  • 23 Oct Actor Charlie Chaplin (29) weds Mildred Harris (17)
  • 25 Oct Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hit a reef off Alaska, 398 die.
  • 26 Oct Soldier revolt at Harskamp Veluwe
  • 28 Oct World War I: Czechoslovakia is granted independence from Austria-Hungary marking the beginning of independent Czechoslovak state, after 300 years.
  • 29 Oct The German High Seas Fleet is incapacitated when sailors mutiny on the night of the 29th-30th, an action which would trigger the German revolution.
  • 30 Oct Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state.
  • 31 Oct Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in 1 week
  • 01 Nov 102 die in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
  • 03 Nov Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I.
  • 04 Nov Kiel in hands of revolutionary sailors
  • 06 Nov Supreme commander of the army General Cutters resigns
  • 07 Nov Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets.
  • 08 Nov Pro-German Supreme Commander general Cutters lay-offs
  • 09 Nov Republic Germany proclaimed
  • 10 Nov German Emperor Wilhelm II flees to the Netherlands
  • 11 Nov Armistice Day-WW I ends (at 11 AM on Western Front)
  • 12 Nov Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic.
  • 13 Nov Monarch Friedrich of Waldeck and Pyrmont abdicates throne
  • 14 Nov Republic of Czechoslovakia created with T.G. Masaryk as President.
  • 17 Nov Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
  • 18 Nov Brussels free Stofnar
  • 21 Nov 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
  • 22 Nov Bathe: grand Duke Frederik II resigns
  • 23 Nov Heber J. Grant succeeds Joseph F. Smith as the seventh president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
  • 25 Nov Vojvodina, formerly Austro-Hungarian crown land, proclaims its secession from Austria : Hungary to join the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 26 Nov The Podgorica Assembly votes for ''union of the people'', declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • 28 Nov Emperor Wilhelm of Prussia and Germany, abdicates
  • 29 Nov Serbia annexes Montenegro
  • 30 Nov Ernest Ansermet conducts the first concert by the ''Orchestre de la Suisse Romande''.
  • 01 Dec Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established
  • 04 Dec President Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France, 1st chief executive to travel outside US while in office
  • 05 Dec Oil refinery on Cura?ao opens.
  • 09 Dec French troops occupies Mainz.
  • 12 Dec Flag of Estonia is raised atop the Pikk Hermann for the first time.
  • 13 Dec US army of occupation crosses the Rhine, enters Germany.
  • 16 Dec Jack Dempsey knocks out Carl Morris in 14 seconds.
  • 17 Dec Culmination of the Darwin Rebellion as some 1000 demonstrators march on Government House in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia.
  • 18 Dec The United States House of Representatives approves the Eighteenth Amendment to enact Prohibition.
  • 19 Dec Robert Ripley begins his "Believe It or Not" column (New York Globe).
  • 20 Dec Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk returns to the Czechoslovak Republic.
  • 27 Dec The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.
  • 28 Dec Constance Markiewicz while detained in Holloway prison, became the first woman to be elected MP to the British House of Commons.
  • 30 Dec John E Hoover decides to be called J Edgar Hoover
  • 31 Dec Kid Gleason replaces Pants Rowland as Chicago White Sox manager.