The events of 1918 would fundamentally change the world. The effects of these events would cause a ripple effect that we can still observe to the present day. As 1918 was the final year of World War One, the major events of the year were dominated by the war.
In January, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States, delivered his famous Fourteen Points speech, in which he laid out principles for a sustained world peace in the aftermath of the Great War. While the actual peace terms offered by the Allied Powers were quite different from what Wilson presented in his Points, Wilson still advocated for peace terms that he thought would make this war the “War to End All Wars.”
Also in the United States, in a major event regarding civil liberties, the U.S. Congress passed the Sedition Act of 1918. This law stated that Americans would not be permitted to criticize the government, nor would they be permitted to speak out against the war (WWI).
In Russia, in an event that would shape events for at least a century, the Imperial family, the Romanovs, were murdered in July by order of the Bolshevik Party. This truly marked the end of the era of rule by Russian nobility and ushered in the Communist era, which would last until the end of the century.
World War One was formally ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. It should be noted, though, that Treaty brought an end to hostilities between the Allied Powers and Germany. The other Central Powers made peace with the Allies in separate treaties. It is also worth noting that the war’s end brought with it an end to a few empires. The Russian Empire, German Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, and the Ottoman Empire all disintegrated and out of the ashes were formed new states, if not nation-states.
Indeed, the war’s conclusion marked the beginning of the end of aristocratic rule in the Western world. On a final note, it is well known that Germany in particular was given hard peace terms, so much so that the resentment in Germany helped fuel the rise of National Socialism, and ultimately the rise of the infamous Third Reich.
Discover how USA looked like in 1918
Have a look at the old newspapers from 1918 and get them!
Which were the most popular movies released this year ?
Directed by: Colin Campbell
Starring: Colleen Moore, Tom Santschi, Harry Lonsdale, Eugenie Besserer
Directed by: Larry Semon
Starring: Stan Laurel, Larry Semon, Madge Kirby, William McCall
Directed by: Harley Knoles
Starring: Isabel Lamon, Dorothy Bernard, Lillian Hall, Florence Flinn
Country: United States
Directed by: Albert Parker
Starring: Gloria Swanson, Joe King, Harvey Clark, Leone Carton
Which were the top hits of 1918 ?
Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1918 in the USA ?
Click on the dates below to find out what the world looked like in each day of 1918