History is the collective memory of people with one common goal of moving ahead and charter the way into the future. The 60s was an era that saw a rise in freedom marches and movements by civil rights groups around the world.
Following a successful presidential campaign on a Democratic Party ticket, JFK became the youngest candidate to become president. The world followed the inauguration events at the just renovated East front of the US Capitol as JFK took the oath of office administered by Chief Justice Earl Warren. JFK famed for the saying, “Ask not what your country can do for you, but ask what you can do for your country" was inaugurated on the chilly morning of January 20, 1961
During JFK’s reign, racial segregation had reached unimaginable heights in the USA especially the south regions. A 13-member group of African-American and white human rights activists started what was called Freedom Rides. The freedom riders embarked on a journey on May 4 from Washington D.C. with an aim to integrate the facilities at bus stations, like blacks using the whites’ only facilities and vice versa.
The Freedom Riders faced fierce hostility from white protestors, but the rides attracted international attention to the situation in America. The Interstate Commerce Commission put forth to the public regulations against racial segregation at all bus and train terminals in September of 1961.
As the racial segregation raged on in the USA, 1961 was to be a defining year in the Kenyan struggle for independence from the British colonialists. During the state of emergency of 1952, Kenyatta was on trial for heading the outlawed Mau Mau and found guilty even after pleading innocent to the charges. The judge sentenced Kenyatta and five other KAU leaders to seven years in prison at a place called Kapenguria famously remembered as the ‘Kapenguria Six’ in Kenya.
Kenyatta served for six years in the Kapenguria prison and one year under house arrest in Lodwar until his release on August 21, 1961.
The year 1961 was the onset of many civil rights groups in the world fighting for different injustices. It brought about the awakening to the plight of the segregated, and it is in order a new world order was in motion.
Discover how USA looked like in 1961
Have a look at the old newspapers from 1961 and get them!
Which were the most popular movies released this year ?
Directed by: Billy Wilder
Starring: James Cagney, Horst Buchholz, Pamela Tiffin, Arlene Francis
Country: United States
Directed by: Stanley Kramer
Starring: Spencer Tracy, Burt Lancaster, Richard Widmark, Marlene Dietrich
Directed by: Jack Clayton
Starring: Deborah Kerr, Peter Wyngarde, Megs Jenkins, Michael Redgrave
Directed by: Ingmar Bergman
Starring: Harriet Andersson, Gunnar Björnstrand, Max von Sydow, Lars Passgård
Which were the top hits of 1961 ?
Which were the most popular books released in 1961 ?
By: William L. Shirer
Hailed as “one of the most important works of history of our time” (The New York Times), this definitive chronicle of Hitler’s rise to power is back in hardcover with a
By: Harper Lee
The unforgettable novel of a childhood in a sleepy Southern town and the crisis of conscience that rocked it, To Kill A Mockingbird became both an instant bestseller and a critical success when it was first published in 1960.
By: Gavin Maxwell
Hailed as a masterpiece when it was first published in 1960, the story of Gavin Maxwell’s life with otters on the remote west coast of Scotland remains one of the most
By: Irving Stone
Irving Stone’s classic biographical novel of Michaelangelo—in which both the artist and the man are brought to life in full. A masterpiece in its own right, this novel offers a compelling portrait of Michelangelo’s dangerous, impassioned loves, and the God-driven ...
Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1961 in the USA ?
Click on the dates below to find out what the world looked like in each day of 1961