History is the collective memory of people with one common goal of moving ahead and charter the way into the future. The 60s was an era that saw a rise in freedom marches and movements by civil rights groups around the world.
Following a successful presidential campaign on a Democratic Party ticket, JFK became the youngest candidate to become president. The world followed the inauguration events at the just renovated East front of the US Capitol as JFK took the oath of office administered by Chief Justice Earl Warren. JFK famed for the saying, “Ask not what your country can do for you, but ask what you can do for your country" was inaugurated on the chilly morning of January 20, 1961 . During JFK’s reign, racial segregation had reached unimaginable heights in the USA especially the south regions. A 13-member group of African-American and white human rights activists started what was called Freedom Rides. The freedom riders embarked on a journey on May 4 from Washington D.C. with an aim to integrate the facilities at bus stations, like blacks using the whites’ only facilities and vice versa.
The Freedom Riders faced fierce hostility from white protestors, but the rides attracted international attention to the situation in America. The Interstate Commerce Commission put forth to the public regulations against racial segregation at all bus and train terminals in September of 1961.
As the racial segregation raged on in the USA, 1961 was to be a defining year in the Kenyan struggle for independence from the British colonialists. During the state of emergency of 1952, Kenyatta was on trial for heading the outlawed Mau Mau and found guilty even after pleading innocent to the charges. The judge sentenced Kenyatta and five other KAU leaders to seven years in prison at a place called Kapenguria famously remembered as the ‘Kapenguria Six’ in Kenya. Kenyatta served for six years in the Kapenguria prison and one year under house arrest in Lodwar until his release on August 21, 1961.
The year 1961 was the onset of many civil rights groups in the world fighting for different injustices. It brought about the awakening to the plight of the segregated, and it is in order a new world order was in motion.
Which were the most popular movies released this year ?
Which were the top hits of 1961 ?
Top #10 songs in the USA
Top #10 songs in the UK
- Helen Shapiro - Walking Back To Happiness
- Allisons - Are You Sure
- Del Shannon - Runaway
- John Leyton - Johnny Remember Me
- Elvis Presley - His Latest Flame / Little Sisters
- Helen Shapiro - You Don't Know
- Eden Kane - Well I Ask You
- The Everly Brothers - Walk Right Back / Ebony Eyes
- Elvis Presley - Wooden Heart
- Billy Fury - Halfway To Paradise
Which were the most popular books released in 1961 ?
Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1961 in the USA ?
Top #10 male names
Top #10 female names
What happened in each day of 1961
Click on the dates below to find out what the world looked like in each day of 1961