What the sky looked like on 1974
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1974 saw the world population reach 4 billion people, according to an estimation by the U.S. Census Bureau released in April.
On March 18th, the oil crisis caused by the embargo on oil sales to the U.S, Europe, and Japan ended as most of the members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) lifted the embargo.
In Portugal, a right-wing military coup referred to as the Carnation Revolution conducted on April 25thended 48 years of dictatorship in the country. In the same vein, the Greek military junta was replaced by a civilian government on July 23rd after seven years of military rule.
In the United States, President Richard Nixon announced his resignation following the Watergate Scandal on August 8, one day after French high-wire artist completed his famed high-wire walk between the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City. Vice President Gerald Ford succeeded Nixon as 38th President of the United States and pardoned his predecessor a month later.
In sports, on April 8th baseball player Hank Aaron tied Babe Ruth for the all-time number of home runs with his 714th, a record he would break four days later in Atlanta. At the international level, West Germany won the 1974 FIFA world cup by defeating the Netherlands 2-1 on July 7th.
English rock group Queen released the first of a string of hit singles, “Seven Seas of Rhye” on March 8th and the Hungarian architecture professor Erno Rubikinvented the famous Rubik’s Cube Puzzle. George Roy Hill’s The Sting won the Oscar for Best Picture. In science, the skeleton of a member of the Australopithecus afarensis, nicknamed “Lucy” was discovered on November 24th.
Notable births in 1974 include English Actor Christian Bale, English singer Victoria Beckham and Spanish actress Penélope Cruz.
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