1974 saw the world population reach 4 billion people, according to an estimation by the U.S. Census Bureau released in April.
On March 18th, the oil crisis caused by the embargo on oil sales to the U.S, Europe, and Japan ended as most of the members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) lifted the embargo.
In Portugal, a right-wing military coup referred to as the Carnation Revolution conducted on April 25th ended 48 years of dictatorship in the country. In the same vein, the Greek military junta was replaced by a civilian government on July 23rd after seven years of military rule.
In the United States, President Richard Nixon announced his resignation following the Watergate Scandal on August 8, one day after French high-wire artist completed his famed high-wire walk between the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City. Vice President Gerald Ford succeeded Nixon as 38th President of the United States and pardoned his predecessor a month later.
In sports, on April 8th baseball player Hank Aaron tied Babe Ruth for the all-time number of home runs with his 714th, a record he would break four days later in Atlanta. At the international level, West Germany won the 1974 FIFA world cup by defeating the Netherlands 2-1 on July 7th.
English rock group Queen released the first of a string of hit singles, “Seven Seas of Rhye” on March 8th and the Hungarian architecture professor Erno Rubik invented the famous Rubik’s Cube Puzzle.
George Roy Hill’s The Sting won the Oscar for Best Picture. In science, the skeleton of a member of the Australopithecus afarensis, nicknamed “Lucy” was discovered on November 24th.
Notable births in 1974 include English Actor Christian Bale, English singer Victoria Beckham and Spanish actress Penélope Cruz.
Discover how Brazil looked like in 1974
Have a look at the old newspapers from 1974 and get them!
Which were the most popular movies released this year ?
Directed by: Bob Fosse
Starring: Dustin Hoffman, Valerie Perrine, Jan Miner, Stanley Beck
Country: United States
Directed by: Werner Herzog
Starring: Bruno S., Walter Ladengast, Brigitte Mira, Willy Semmelrogge
Directed by: Brian De Palma
Starring: Paul Williams, William Finley, Jessica Harper, Gerrit Graham
Directed by: Claude Sautet
Starring: Yves Montand, Michel Piccoli, Serge Reggiani, Gérard Depardieu
Which were the top hits of 1974 ?
Which were the most popular books released in 1974 ?
By: Susan Howatch
The rich and mighty saga of a wealthy and titled English family in Ireland during the 19th century.
By: Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy
A fascinating chronicle of eight decades rich in history, drama, and courage, the new edition of Rose Kennedy's bestselling memoir is introduced by a moving tribute from her children
By: Irving Wallace
By: Helen MacInnes
A young woman who has escaped from Czechoslovakia in an attempt to find her father, a Nobel Prize nominee, discovers that she is the object of a deadly hunt
Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1974 in the USA ?
Click on the dates below to find out what the world looked like in each day of 1974