1965 was a year of sweeping changes, particularly in the United States. In January, President Lyndon B. Johnson announced the plan for his “Great Society” programs. A set of Democrat, or neo-liberal programs, the Great Society programs sought to vastly expand the American welfare state and the role of the Federal government in virtually all aspects of American society, including education, the arts, medicine, the environment, and more. These programs would be continued under subsequent Republican administrations.
A notable development for the year 1965 specifically in this regard was the signing of the 1965 Civil Rights Act.
While major changes were occurring on the domestic side for America, all was not quiet on the foreign policy front either. In March of 1965, President Johnson ordered 3,500 U.S. Marines to Vietnam. These were the first official combat troops deployed to Vietnam during American involvement in that conflict.
In popular culture, The Sound of Music, starring Julie Andrews, premiered in New York City. The Beatles performed the first stadium concert in music history, playing at Shea Stadium in New York City. In December, A Charlie Brown Christmas, the first Peanuts special, made its debut, becoming a Christmastime tradition for millions.
The American space program hit a major milestone this year with the successful launch of Gemini 3, which was the first two-man crew into Earth’s orbit for the United States.
In a tremendous global development, the Second Vatican Council of the Roman Catholic Church closed in December of 1965. The council would re-shape the relationship between the Roman Catholic Church and modernity, and continues to have a significant impact around the world. At this Council, it was decided that the Church would become more open and relaxed toward the modern world, allowing for more use of vernacular languages and many changes to the liturgy, music, art, and architecture of the Church.
Discover how USA looked like in 1965
Have a look at the old newspapers from 1965 and get them!
Which were the most popular movies released this year ?
Directed by: David Lean
Starring: Omar Sharif, Julie Christie, Geraldine Chaplin, Rod Steiger
Country: United States
Directed by: Orson Welles
Starring: Orson Welles, Jeanne Moreau, Margaret Rutherford, John Gielgud
Directed by: Sergio Leone
Starring: Clint Eastwood, Lee Van Cleef, Gian Maria Volontè, Mario Brega
Directed by: Robert Aldrich
Starring: James Stewart, Richard Attenborough, Peter Finch, Hardy Krüger
Which were the top hits of 1965 ?
Which were the most popular books released in 1965 ?
By: Len Deighton
A ferociously cool Cold War thriller from the author of The Ipcress File.Len Deighton’s third novel has become a classic, as compelling and suspenseful now as when it first exploded on
By: Eric Berne
We think we’re relating to other people–but actually we’re all playing games.Forty years ago, Games People Play revolutionized our understanding of what really goes on during our most basic social interactions.
By: Theodore H. White
“[White] revolutionized the art of political reporting.” —William F. BuckleyA national bestseller, The Making of the President 1964 is the critically acclaimed account of the 1964 presidential campaign, from the assassination
By: Bill Sands
Who is Bill Sands? As a youngster, he was a violent, law-breaking, convention-defying young thug. He would probably have committed murder had he not been stopped.
Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1965 in the USA ?
Click on the dates below to find out what the world looked like in each day of 1965