November 30

#
Boosts
Is this day important to you? Boost it!

Find out what the world looked like on November 30 in the most popular years: events, famous birthdays, music, movies, etc..

Pick another day:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30
31

Pick another month:

2017

16th Seduction by James Patterson, Maxine Paetro was one of the best seller of 2017.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2017.

2016

13 Hours by Mitchell Zuckoff with the Annex Security Team was one of the best seller of 2016.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2016.

2015

Creed directed by Ryan Coogler was one of the most viewed movies released in 2015.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2015.

2014

The Hunger Games: Mockingjay - Part 1 directed by Francis Lawrence was one of the most viewed movies released in 2014.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2014.

2013

Frozen directed by Chris Buck, Jennifer Lee was one of the most viewed movies released in 2013.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2013.

2012

Vampyr directed by Carl Th. Dreyer was one of the most viewed movies released in 2012.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2012.

2011

Haywire directed by Steven Soderbergh was one of the most viewed movies released in 2011.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2011.

2010

Tangled directed by Nathan Greno was one of the most viewed movies released in 2010.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2010.

2009

The Blind Side directed by John Lee Hancock was one of the most viewed movies released in 2009.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2009.

2008

Twilight directed by Catherine Hardwicke was one of the most viewed movies released in 2008.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2008.

2007

Hitman directed by Xavier Gens was one of the most viewed movies released in 2007.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2007.

2006

Deja Vu directed by Tony Scott was one of the most viewed movies released in 2006.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2006.

2005

Famous people born on this day include Chloe Fenton. In UK You Raise Me Up by Westlife was in the top 5 hits. Just Friends, directed by Roger Kumble, was one of the most viewed movies released in 2005. 1776 by David McCullough was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2005.

2004

Alexander directed by Oliver Stone was one of the most viewed movies released in 2004.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2004.

2003

Timeline directed by Richard Donner was one of the most viewed movies released in 2003.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2003.

2002

Die Another Day directed by Lee Tamahori was one of the most viewed movies released in 2002.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2002.

2001

Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone directed by Chris Columbus was one of the most viewed movies released in 2001.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2001.

2000

The US president was Bill Clinton (Democratic). Famous people born on this day include Trinity Sailor. In UK Who Let The Dogs Out by Baha Men was in the top 5 hits. Unbreakable, directed by M. Night Shyamalan, was one of the most viewed movies released in 2000. A Density Of Souls by Christopher Rice was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 2000.

1999

Famous people born on this day include Rianna Pepe. In that special week people in US were listening to Smooth by Santana. Sleepy Hollow, directed by Tim Burton, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1999. Abide With Me by E. Lynn Harris was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1999.

1998

Famous people born on this day include Jonatan Sanchez. In that special week people in US were listening to I'm Your Angel by R. Kelly. Enemy of the State, directed by Tony Scott, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1998. A Certain Justice by P. D. James was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1998.

1997

Alien: Resurrection directed by Jean-Pierre Jeunet was one of the most viewed movies released in 1997.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1997.

1996

Star Trek: First Contact directed by Jonathan Frakes was one of the most viewed movies released in 1996.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1996.

1995

Famous people born on this day include Kaelynn Gobert-Harris. In UK I Believe / Up On The Roof by Robson & Jerome was in the top 5 hits. Toy Story, directed by John Lasseter, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1995. Acceptable Risk by Robin Cook was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1995.

1994

Famous people born on this day include William Melling. In that special week people in US were listening to On Bended Knee by Boyz II Men. Disclosure, directed by Barry Levinson, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1994. A Case of Need by Michael Crichton was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1994.

1993

Famous people born on this day include Frank Gioia. In UK I'd Do Anything For Love (But I Won't Do That) by Meat Loaf was in the top 5 hits. Schindler's List, directed by Steven Spielberg, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1993. A Dangerous Fortune by Ken Follett was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1993.

1992

The US president was George H. W. Bush (Republican). Famous people born on this day include Dylan Smith. In UK Would I Lie To You? by Charles & Eddie was in the top 5 hits. The Bodyguard, directed by Mick Jackson, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1992. A Brilliant Madness by Patty Duke and Gloria Hochman was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1992.

1991

Famous people born on this day include Kerry Townsend. In that special week people in US were listening to Set Adrift On Memory Bliss by PM Dawn. My Girl, directed by Howard Zieff, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1991. A History Of The Arab Peoples by Albert Hourani was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1991.

1990

Famous people born on this day include Magnus Carlsen. In that special week people in US were listening to I'm Your Baby Tonight by Whitney Houston. Misery, directed by Rob Reiner, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1990. A Bed By The Window by M. Scott Peck was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1990.

1989

Famous people born on this day include Vladimír Weiss. In that special week people in US were listening to Blame It On The Rain by Milli Vanilli. Back to the Future Part II, directed by Robert Zemeckis, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1989. About Face by David H. Hackworth and Julie Sherman was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1989.

1988

The US president was Ronald Reagan (Republican). Famous people born on this day include Phillip Hughes. In UK First Time by Robin Beck was in the top 5 hits. Scrooged, directed by Richard Donner, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1988. A Bright Shining Lie by Neil Sheehan was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1988.

1987

Famous people born on this day include Trinity Fatu. In UK China In Your Hand by T'Pau was in the top 5 hits. Planes, Trains & Automobiles, directed by John Hughes, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1987. Across China by Peter Jenkins was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1987.

1986

Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home directed by Leonard Nimoy was one of the most viewed movies released in 1986.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1986.

1985

Rocky IV directed by Sylvester Stallone was one of the most viewed movies released in 1985.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1985.

1984

Famous people born on this day include Omahyra Mota. In that special week people in US were listening to Wake Me Up Before You Go-Go by Wham!. Supergirl, directed by Jeannot Szwarc, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1984. Almost Paradise by Susan Isaacs was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1984.

1983

Famous people born on this day include Guillaume Gouix. In UK Uptown Girl by Billy Joel was in the top 5 hits. Terms of Endearment, directed by James L. Brooks, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1983. A Hero For Our Times by Ralph G. Martin was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1983.

1982

Famous people born on this day include Clemence Poesy. In that special week people in US were listening to Truly by Lionel Richie. Still of the Night, directed by Robert Benton, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1982. A Few Minutes With Andy Rooney by Andrew A. Rooney was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1982.

1981

Famous people born on this day include War Machine. In UK Under Pressure by Queen & David Bowie was in the top 5 hits. Ragtime, directed by Milos Forman, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1981. A Flag For Sunrise by Robert Stone was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1981.

1980

The US president was Jimmy Carter (Democratic). Famous people born on this day include Cem Adrian. Heaven's Gate, directed by Michael Cimino, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1980. A Field Guide To The Birds by Roger Tory Peterson was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1980.

1979

Famous people born on this day include Andres Nocioni. In UK When You're In Love With A Beautiful Woman by Dr Hook was in the top 5 hits. Die Spinnen, 2. Teil - Das Brillantenschiff, directed by Fritz Lang, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1979. American Caesar by William Manchester was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1979.

1978

Famous people born on this day include Gael Garcia Bernal. In that special week people in US were listening to You Don't Bring Me Flowers by Barbra & Neil. Same Time, Next Year, directed by Robert Mulligan, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1978. A Distant Mirror by Barbara W. Tuchman was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1978.

1977

Famous people born on this day include Ivan Guerrero. In UK Name Of The Game by Abba was in the top 5 hits. The Goodbye Girl, directed by Herbert Ross, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1977. A Book Of Common Prayer by Joan Didion was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1977.

1976

The US president was Gerald Ford (Republican). Famous people born on this day include Shaneika Lightbourne. In that special week people in US were listening to Tonight's The Night (Gonna Be Alright) by Rod Stewart. Rocky, directed by John G. Avildsen, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1976. 1876 by Gore Vidal was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1976.

1975

One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest directed by Milos Forman was one of the most viewed movies released in 1975.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1975.

1974

Famous people born on this day include Luther Broughton. In that special week people in US were listening to I Can Help by Billy Swan. Murder on the Orient Express, directed by Sidney Lumet, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1974. A Bridge Too Far by Cornelius Ryan was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1974.

1973

The US president was Richard Nixon (Republican). Famous people born on this day include Jay Hamilton. In that special week people in US were listening to Top Of The World by Carpenters. The Holy Mountain, directed by Alexandro Jodorowsky, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1973. All Creatures Great And Small by James Herriot was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1973.

1972

Famous people born on this day include Adeline Ong. In UK Clair by Gilbert O'Sullivan was in the top 5 hits. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, directed by William Sterling, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1972. A Happy Death by Albert Camus was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1972.

1971

Famous people born on this day include Bryan Proby. In UK Coz I Luv You by Slade was in the top 5 hits. Man in the Wilderness, directed by Richard C. Sarafian, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1971. America, Inc by Morton Mintz and Jerry S. Cohen was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1971.

1970

Famous people born on this day include Corrina Kennedy. In that special week people in US were listening to I Think I Love You by The Partridge Family. When Moscow Laughs, directed by Boris Barnet, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1970. A Beggar In Jerusalem by Elie Wiesel was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1970.

1969

Change of Habit directed by William Graham was one of the most viewed movies released in 1969.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1969.

1968

The US president was Lyndon B. Johnson (Democratic). Famous people born on this day include Laurent Jalabert. Hellfighters, directed by Andrew V. McLaglen, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1968. Airport by Arthur Haile was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1968.

1967

Famous people born on this day include Gary Jones. In that special week people in US were listening to Daydream Believer by The Monkees. The Producers, directed by Mel Brooks, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1967. All In The Family by Edwin O'Connor was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1967.

1966

Famous people born on this day include Phillipe Bozon. In that special week people in US were listening to Winchester Cathedral by The New Vaudeville Band. Cul-de-sac, directed by Roman Polanski, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1966. A Dream Of Kings by Harry Mark Petrakis was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1966.

1965

Famous people born on this day include Mike Zandofsky. In that special week people in US were listening to Turn! Turn! Turn! (To Everything There Is A Season) by The Byrds. Harum Scarum, directed by Gene Nelson, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1965. A Covenant With Death by Stephen Becker was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1965.

1964

Famous people born on this day include David Wood. In UK Baby Love by The Supremes was in the top 5 hits. Guns at Batasi, directed by John Guillermin, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1964. A Day In The Life Of President Kennedy by Jim Bishop was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1964.

1963

High and Low directed by Akira Kurosawa was one of the most viewed movies released in 1963.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1963.

1962

The US president was John F. Kennedy (Democratic). Famous people born on this day include Daniel Keys Moran. In that special week people in US were listening to Big Girls Don't Cry by The 4 Seasons. Girls! Girls! Girls!, directed by Norman Taurog, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1962. A Bridge For Passing by Pearl S. Buck was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1962.

1961

Famous people born on this day include Innocent Egbunike. In UK His Latest Flame / Little Sisters by Elvis Presley was in the top 5 hits. Blue Hawaii, directed by Norman Taurog, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1961. A Burnt-Out Case by Graham Greene was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1961.

1960

The US president was Dwight D. Eisenhower (Republican). Famous people born on this day include Dan Rashovich. In UK It's Now Or Never by Elvis Presley was in the top 5 hits. Big Deal on Madonna Street, directed by Mario Monicelli, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1960. Act One by Moss Hart was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1960.

1959

Famous people born on this day include Sylvia Hanika in Munich. In that special week people in US were listening to Mack The Knife by Bobby Darin. Ben-Hur, directed by William Wyler, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1959. Advise and Consent by Allen Drur was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1959.

1958

Houseboat directed by Melville Shavelson was one of the most viewed movies released in 1958.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1958.

1957

Zero Hour! directed by Hall Bartlett was one of the most viewed movies released in 1957.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1957.

1956

Famous people born on this day include Philippe-Jean Delaunay. In UK A Woman In Love by Frankie Laine was in the top 5 hits. The Teahouse of the August Moon, directed by Daniel Mann, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1956. A Certain Smile by Francoise Sagan was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1956.

1955

Tarantula directed by Jack Arnold was one of the most viewed movies released in 1955.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1955.

1954

Famous people born on this day include George McArdle. In UK My Son My Son by Vera Lynn was in the top 5 hits. The Last Time I Saw Paris, directed by Richard Brooks, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1954. A Child Of The Century by Ben Hecht was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1954.

1953

Hondo directed by John Farrow was one of the most viewed movies released in 1953.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1953.

1952

The US president was Harry S. Truman (Democratic). Famous people born on this day include Mandy Patinkin. In UK Here In My Heart by Al Martino was in the top 5 hits. Hans Christian Andersen, directed by Charles Vidor, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1952. Abraham Lincoln by Benjamin P. Thomas was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1952.

1951

Scrooge directed by Brian Desmond-Hurst was one of the most viewed movies released in 1951.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1951.

1950

Orpheus directed by Jean Cocteau was one of the most viewed movies released in 1950.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1950.

1949

Adam's Rib directed by George Cukor was one of the most viewed movies released in 1949.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1949.

1948

So Dear to My Heart directed by Harold Schuster was one of the most viewed movies released in 1948.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1948.

1947

Out of the Past directed by Jacques Tourneur was one of the most viewed movies released in 1947.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1947.

1946

Undercurrent directed by Vincente Minnelli was one of the most viewed movies released in 1946.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1946.

1945

The Lost Weekend directed by Billy Wilder was one of the most viewed movies released in 1945.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1945.

1944

The US president was Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democratic). Famous people born on this day include Dian Parkinson [Dianna Lynn Batts]. The Thin Man Goes Home, directed by Richard Thorpe, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1944. A Tree Grows in Brooklyn by Betty Smith was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1944.

1943

The North Star directed by Lewis Milestone was one of the most viewed movies released in 1943.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1943.

1942

Casablanca directed by Michael Curtiz was one of the most viewed movies released in 1942.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1942.

1941

Suspicion directed by Alfred Hitchcock was one of the most viewed movies released in 1941.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1941.

1940

The Bank Dick directed by Edward F. Cline was one of the most viewed movies released in 1940.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1940.

1939

Destry Rides Again directed by George Marshall was one of the most viewed movies released in 1939.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1939.

1938

Blondie directed by Frank R. Strayer was one of the most viewed movies released in 1938.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1938.

1937

Nothing Sacred directed by William A. Wellman was one of the most viewed movies released in 1937.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1937.

1936

Lloyd's of London directed by Henry King was one of the most viewed movies released in 1936.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1936.

1935

Crime and Punishment directed by Josef von Sternberg was one of the most viewed movies released in 1935.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1935.

1934

It's a Gift directed by Norman McLeod was one of the most viewed movies released in 1934.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1934.

1933

The Ghoul directed by T. Hayes Hunter was one of the most viewed movies released in 1933.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1933.

1932

The US president was Herbert Hoover (Republican). Famous people born on this day include David Lincoln Lightbown. Call Her Savage, directed by John Francis Dillon, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1932. Magnolia Street by Louis Golding was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1932.

1931

Frankenstein directed by James Whale was one of the most viewed movies released in 1931.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1931.

1930

Murder! directed by Alfred Hitchcock was one of the most viewed movies released in 1930.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1930.

1929

The New Babylon directed by Grigori Kozintsev was one of the most viewed movies released in 1929.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1929.

1928

The US president was Calvin Coolidge (Republican). Famous people born on this day include Chic Hecht. West of Zanzibar, directed by Tod Browning, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1928. Claire Ambler by Booth Tarkington was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1928.

1927

Der heilige Berg directed by Arnold Fanck was one of the most viewed movies released in 1927.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1927.

1926

Twinkletoes directed by Charles Brabin was one of the most viewed movies released in 1926.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1926.

1925

Body and Soul directed by Oscar Micheaux was one of the most viewed movies released in 1925.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1925.

1924

Isn't Life Wonderful directed by D.W. Griffith was one of the most viewed movies released in 1924.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1924.

1923

The Ten Commandments directed by Cecil B. DeMille was one of the most viewed movies released in 1923.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1923.

1922

The US president was Warren G. Harding (Republican). Famous people born on this day include Robert Evett. The Toll of the Sea, directed by Chester M. Franklin, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1922. Gentle Julia by Booth Tarkington was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1922.

1921

Hamlet directed by Svend Gade was one of the most viewed movies released in 1921.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1921.

1920

The US president was Woodrow Wilson (Democratic). Famous people born on this day include Denise Glaser. The Mark of Zorro, directed by Fred Niblo, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1920. A Man for the Ages by Irving Bacheller was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1920.

1919

Male and Female directed by Cecil B. DeMille was one of the most viewed movies released in 1919.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1919.

1918

All Night directed by Paul Powell was one of the most viewed movies released in 1918.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1918.

1917

The Queen of Spades directed by Yakov Protazanov was one of the most viewed movies released in 1917.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1917.

1916

American Aristocracy directed by Lloyd Ingraham was one of the most viewed movies released in 1916.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1916.

1915

Martyrs of the Alamo directed by W. Christy Cabanne was one of the most viewed movies released in 1915.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1915.

1914

Tillie's Punctured Romance directed by Mack Sennett was one of the most viewed movies released in 1914.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1914.

1913

Traffic in Souls directed by George Loane Tucker was one of the most viewed movies released in 1913.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1913.

1912

The US president was William Howard Taft (Republican). Famous people born on this day include Constant Stotijn. The Invaders, directed by Francis Ford, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1912. A Hoosier Chronicle by Meredith Nicholson was one of the best selling books.
But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1912.

1911

Queed Henry by Sydnor Harrison was one of the best seller of 1911.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1911.

1910

A Modern Chronicle by Winston Churchill was one of the best seller of 1910.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1910.

1909

Katrine Elinor by Macartney Lane was one of the best seller of 1909.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1909.

1908

Mr. Crewe's Career by Winston Churchill was one of the best seller of 1908.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1908.

1907

Satan Sanderson by Hallie Erminie Rives was one of the best seller of 1907.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1907.

1906

Coniston by Winston Churchill was one of the best seller of 1906.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1906.

1905

Nedra George by Barr McCutcheon was one of the best seller of 1905.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1905.

1904

In the Bishop's Carriage by Miriam Michelson was one of the best seller of 1904.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1904.

1903

Gordon Keith by Thomas Nelson Page was one of the best seller of 1903.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1903.

1902

Audrey by Mary Johnston was one of the best seller of 1902.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1902.

1901

Alice of Old Vincennes by Maurice Thompson was one of the best seller of 1901.

But much more happened, find out here: 30 November 1901.