1923

Taking place in the “Jazz Age”, or the “Roaring Twenties”, 1923 was a year characterized by economic prosperity and bootleggers.

1923

The world’s population reached 2.02 billion. The most popular baby names were John and Mary... Sadly, while 1923 gained many new citizens, the world lost some great people: the man who discovered the X-ray, William Harding, and the designer who forever altered the Paris’ skyline (Gustave Eiffel).

These 365 days saw the birth of Golden Girls’ Estelle Getty, Rocky Marciano, Charlton Heston, and the founding father of Singapore (Lee Kuan Yew). The most popular reads in that year were The Good Soldier Sveck, The Prophet, and that year’s Pulitzer winner One of Ours. The big screen saw the ascension of classics including The Hunchback of Notre Dame and the original The Ten Commandments. Rumblings of the darkness of World War II began with the formation of Mussolini’s fascist militia.

It saw some notable gains in medicine, contraception, computers, and astronomy. In this year, insulin became widely available to treat diabetes and surgeons performed the first successful brain tumor operation. Edwin Hubble opened up the stars to new horizons after he discovered the world’s first Cepheid variable star. For museum and Egyptology lovers, this year marks the time when Howard Carter cracked open the tomb of Tutankhamen.

Plenty of other noteworthy things happened as well. If you love The Lion King, you have 1923 to thank for that; this year marked the founding of the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio. On the global front, the founder of modern Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, served his first term as president and set his country on a new path.

Time Magazine also published its first issue and shortly after that, Firestone produced its first rubber tire. Whether you’re trying to get Let It Go out of your head, or happen to be alive thanks to insulin, 1923 got the ball rolling.

Discover how the world looked like in 1923

Looking for 1923 Calendar ? Here it is: January 1923, February 1923, March 1923, April 1923, May 1923, June 1923, July 1923, August 1923, September 1923, October 1923, November 1923, December 1923

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1923


Literature

  • W. B. Yeats

Physics

  • Robert Andrews Millikan

Chemistry

  • Fritz Pregl

Physiology or Medicine

  • Frederick Banting
  • John James Rickard Macleod
vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1923?


Top #1 songs in the USA

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

Little Old New York

Little Old New York

Directed by: Sidney Olcott

Starring: Marion Davies, Stephen Carr, J.M. Kerrigan, Harrison Ford

Country: United States of America

Zaza

Zaza

Directed by: Allan Dwan

Starring: Gloria Swanson, H.B. Warner, Ferdinand Gottschalk, Lucille La Verne

Country: United States of America

Our Hospitality

Our Hospitality

Directed by: John G. Blystone, Buster Keaton

Starring: Buster Keaton, Natalie Talmadge, Joe Keaton, Joe Roberts

Country: United States of America

The Extra Girl

The Extra Girl

Directed by: F. Richard Jones

Starring: Mabel Normand, Ralph Graves, George Nichols, Anna Dodge

Country: United States of America

Souls for Sale

Souls for Sale

Directed by: Rupert Hughes

Starring: Eleanor Boardman, Frank Mayo, Richard Dix, Mae Busch

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1923 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1923?


Events

  • 01 Jan 1923 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established.
  • 02 Jan 1923 Ku Klux Klan makes surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood, Florida, USA; 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995).
  • 04 Jan 1923 1st broadcast of Barn Dance Show (WBAP - Ft Worth Texas)
  • 07 Jan 1923 Baltimore Sun warns of Ku Klux Klan
  • 08 Jan 1923 Typography strike in Amsterdam
  • 09 Jan 1923 Lithuanian residents of the Memel Territory rebelled against the League of Nations decision to leave the area as a mandated region under French control.
  • 10 Jan 1923 Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany).
  • 11 Jan 1923 Occupation of the Ruhr: Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to make its World War I reparation payments.
  • 17 Jan 1923 Belgian Working People Party protests against occupied Ruhrgebied.
  • 18 Jan 1923 Elon College's campus in North Carolina is destroyed by a fire.
  • 19 Jan 1923 WMC-AM in Memphis TN begins radio transmissions
  • 23 Jan 1923 Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)
  • 24 Jan 1923 Aztec Ruins National Monument, in New Mexico, USA, is established.
  • 28 Jan 1923 1st Reichs Party (NSDAP) forms in Munich
  • 29 Jan 1923 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)
  • 01 Feb 1923 Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini.
  • 02 Feb 1923 Ethyl gasoline first marketed in USA, in Dayton, Ohio.
  • 05 Feb 1923 Mass arrests of socialists and communists in Italy.
  • 08 Feb 1923 German NSDAP Volkischer Beobachter newspaper becomes a daily
  • 09 Feb 1923 Soviet Aeroflot airlines is established.
  • 10 Feb 1923 Ink paste manufactured for first time by Standard Ink Company.
  • 13 Feb 1923 1st Black pro Basketball team, Renaissance, organizes
  • 16 Feb 1923 US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard.
  • 18 Feb 1923 Belgium: Borinage-mine workers strike for higher wages
  • 20 Feb 1923 Christy Mathewson becomes president of Boston Braves.
  • 22 Feb 1923 Transcontinental airmail service begins
  • 23 Feb 1923 German Republic day with laws against worker.
  • 24 Feb 1923 Flying Scotsman goes into service
  • 25 Feb 1923 Bread in Berlin, Germany rises to 2,000 marks.
  • 26 Feb 1923 Italian nationalists and fascists merge (blue-shirts and black-shirts).
  • 28 Feb 1923 Swedish King Gustaaf V begins state visit to the Netherlands
  • 01 Mar 1923 Allies occupy Ruhrgebied, killing railroad striker.
  • 02 Mar 1923 Time magazine debuts
  • 03 Mar 1923 US Senate rejects membership in International Court of Justice, The Hague.
  • 05 Mar 1923 1st old age pension plans in US established by Montana and Nevada
  • 09 Mar 1923 Amsterdam taxi strike ended
  • 13 Mar 1923 Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (New York City, New York).
  • 14 Mar 1923 President Warren G Harding becomes 1st President to pay taxes
  • 15 Mar 1923 Lenin is hit with his 3rd stroke
  • 20 Mar 1923 Belgian Senate rejects Dutch University in Ghent.
  • 21 Mar 1923 US foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses USSR recognition.
  • 22 Mar 1923 The first radio broadcast of ice hockey is made by Foster Hewitt.
  • 23 Mar 1923 Frank Silver and Irving Conn release Yes, We Have No Bananas
  • 24 Mar 1923 Greece becomes a republic.
  • 25 Mar 1923 British government grants Trans-Jordan autonomy.
  • 26 Mar 1923 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), three games to one.
  • 28 Mar 1923 ''Regia Aeronautica'', the air force of Fascist Italy, is founded.
  • 30 Mar 1923 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, formed at Howard University in 1920, incorporates.
  • 31 Mar 1923 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) sweep Edmonton Eskimos (WCHL) in two games.
  • 01 Apr 1923 First sound short films shown in New York's Rivoli Theatre.
  • 05 Apr 1923 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company begins production of balloon-tires.
  • 06 Apr 1923 The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.
  • 07 Apr 1923 Workers Party of America (New York City) becomes official communist party.
  • 10 Apr 1923 Hitler demands hatred & more hatred in Berlin
  • 12 Apr 1923 The ''Kandersteg International Scout Centre'' comes into existence.
  • 13 Apr 1923 Army wins the first college three-weapon fencing championship.
  • 14 Apr 1923 Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 metres.
  • 15 Apr 1923 Insulin becomes generally available for use by people with diabetes.
  • 17 Apr 1923 Longest NL opening game, Phillies and Dodgers tie 5-5 in 14
  • 18 Apr 1923 Poland annexes Central Lithuania.
  • 19 Apr 1923 New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers.
  • 23 Apr 1923 The Gdynia seaport is inaugurated.
  • 24 Apr 1923 Colonel Jacob Schick patents Schick shavers.
  • 26 Apr 1923 English prince Albert (George VI) marries lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.
  • 27 Apr 1923 Mussolini government italian place in South Tirol / Alto Adige
  • 28 Apr 1923 Wembley Stadium opens-Bolton Wanderers versus West Ham United (FA Cup).
  • 01 May 1923 Rahula College is established in Ceylon with the name of quotParakramabhahu Vidyalayaquot.
  • 02 May 1923 Senator Walter Johnson pitches his 100th shutout, beats New York Yankees 3-0.
  • 03 May 1923 First nonstop transcontinental flight (New York-San Diego) completed.
  • 04 May 1923 New York state revokes Prohibition law.
  • 07 May 1923 Mine strike at Belgian Borinage railroad.
  • 11 May 1923 10 HRs hit in Phillies 20-14 victory over St. Louis Cardinals
  • 12 May 1923 49th Preakness: Benny Marinelli aboard Vigil wins in 1:53.6.
  • 13 May 1923 Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter (One of Ours)
  • 15 May 1923 Cooperation of Dutch Molen forms
  • 17 May 1923 Fire during closing day ceremonies at Grover Cleveland School (SC)
  • 19 May 1923 KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies.
  • 20 May 1923 Stanley Baldwin, becomes Prime Minister of the UK
  • 22 May 1923 Stanley Baldwin succeeds Andrew Bonar Law as British premier.
  • 23 May 1923 1st flight of Sabena: Brussel-Lympne, Great Britain
  • 24 May 1923 The Irish Civil War ends.
  • 25 May 1923 Britain recognizes Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader.
  • 26 May 1923 Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg, Germany.
  • 27 May 1923 The Ku Klux Klan in the United States defies a law requiring publication of its members.
  • 28 May 1923 Attorney General says it is legal for women to wear trousers anywhere
  • 31 May 1923 China and the USSR exchange diplomats
  • 01 Jun 1923 New York Giants beat Phillies, 22-5, Giants score in every inning
  • 09 Jun 1923 55th Belmont: Earl Sande aboard Zev wins in 2:19
  • 12 Jun 1923 Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above ground in New York City
  • 13 Jun 1923 President Li of China abandons his residence because a warlord has commanded forces to surround the mansion and cut off its water and electric supplies, in order to force him to abandon his post.
  • 14 Jun 1923 Recording of 1st country music hit (Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane)
  • 16 Jun 1923 Sun Yat Sen founds military academy
  • 18 Jun 1923 Checker Taxi puts its first taxi on the streets.
  • 19 Jun 1923 Moon Mullins, Comic Strip, debuts
  • 21 Jun 1923 Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using mail to defraud
  • 24 Jun 1923 Pope Pius XI speaks against allies occupying Ruhrgebied
  • 25 Jun 1923 Rapid Bucureşti is formed on the initiative of the Griviţa railroad workers (first named CFR Bucureşti).
  • 28 Jun 1923 Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Henry for state visit to London
  • 30 Jun 1923 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica.
  • 01 Jul 1923 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF New York and WMAF Massachusetts)
  • 03 Jul 1923 Harbor strike in Hull / Grimsby / Cardiff / Bristol over to London
  • 04 Jul 1923 Jack Dempsey beats Tommy Gibbon in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 06 Jul 1923 36th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats K McKane (62 62)
  • 07 Jul 1923 43rd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: William Johnston beats F Hunter (60 63 61)
  • 08 Jul 1923 Walter Mittelholzer flies Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen / Oostland
  • 10 Jul 1923 All non-fascist parties disolved in Italy.
  • 11 Jul 1923 Harry Frazee, sells Red Sox to Ohio businessmen for $1M
  • 13 Jul 1923 Draft law passes
  • 15 Jul 1923 27th US Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 296 at Inwood Country Club - New York
  • 17 Jul 1923 Carl Mays gives up 13 runs and 20 hits in 13-0 lose to Cleveland Indians.
  • 19 Jul 1923 WRC-AM in Washington DC begins radio transmissions
  • 21 Jul 1923 Phillies score 12 in 6th and beat Cubs 17-4
  • 22 Jul 1923 Walter Johnson becomes the first to strikeout 3,000 in Major League Baseball.
  • 24 Jul 1923 Allied Powers and Turkey sign peace treaty, Lausanne.
  • 25 Jul 1923 German mark devalued to 600,000 Dmark=$1
  • 29 Jul 1923 Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin
  • 30 Jul 1923 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency
  • 31 Jul 1923 Belgian Chamber discusses bilinguality at Ghent University
  • 02 Aug 1923 Former US President Warren Harding dies at Palace Hotel, San Francisco, California.
  • 03 Aug 1923 Baseball games cancelled following the death of President Harding
  • 09 Aug 1923 New York State Golf Association formed.
  • 11 Aug 1923 Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
  • 12 Aug 1923 Dutch AR-leader Coair replaces De Geer as Minister of Finances
  • 13 Aug 1923 Germany: Gustav Stresemann becomes Premier of coalition government
  • 15 Aug 1923 Eamon de Valera arrested in Irish Free State
  • 18 Aug 1923 37th US Womens Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Molla B Mallory (62 61)
  • 20 Aug 1923 London harbor strike ends
  • 22 Aug 1923 Paavo Nurmi runs world record mile (4:10.4)
  • 23 Aug 1923 Capt. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
  • 24 Aug 1923 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3 mile (14:11.2)
  • 30 Aug 1923 Hurricane season begins, with a tropical storm northeast of Turks and Caicos.
  • 31 Aug 1923 League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)
  • 01 Sep 1923 18th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in New York (4-1)
  • 04 Sep 1923 A Charlot and N Cowards revue London Calling, premieres in London
  • 05 Sep 1923 Flyweights Gene LaRue and Kid Pancho knock out each other simultaneously.
  • 06 Sep 1923 Queen Wilhelmina celebrates 25 year jubilee
  • 07 Sep 1923 Interpol forms in Vienna
  • 08 Sep 1923 Honda Point Disaster: nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost, and twenty-three sailors killed.
  • 09 Sep 1923 Albin Stenroos runs world record 20 km (1:07:11.2)
  • 10 Sep 1923 Irish Free state joins League of Nations
  • 11 Sep 1923 Bernie Neis, hits the 1,000th Dodger home run
  • 12 Sep 1923 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Company
  • 13 Sep 1923 Following a military coup in Spain, Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship.
  • 14 Sep 1923 Jack Dempsey KOs Luis Firpo in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 15 Sep 1923 43rd US Mens Tennis: William T Tilden beats W M Johnston (64 61 64)
  • 17 Sep 1923 A major fire in Berkeley, California erupts, consuming some 640 structures, including 584 homes in the densely built neighborhoods north of the campus of the University of California.
  • 18 Sep 1923 September 26 ampndash Newspaper printers strike in New York.
  • 19 Sep 1923 Ernst Tollers Hinkemann, premieres in Leipzig
  • 23 Sep 1923 80,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against Fleet law
  • 24 Sep 1923 Premiere of 1st celluloid film Das Leben auf dem Dorfe (Berlin)
  • 26 Sep 1923 Stresemann Government ends resistance against occupiers in Ruhrgebied
  • 27 Sep 1923 Italian troops leave occupied Korfu
  • 28 Sep 1923 Abyssinia (Ethiopia) leaves League of Nations
  • 29 Sep 1923 6th PGA Championship: Gene Sarazen at Pelham Country Club - Pelham, New York
  • 30 Sep 1923 Canton Bulldogs win 1st on way to 17-0 season
  • 02 Oct 1923 British occuping army leaves Constantinople
  • 04 Oct 1923 Young Stribling held light-heavyweight boxing championship for the shortest amount of time (3 hours). Referee overturns the decision.
  • 05 Oct 1923 Edwin Hubble identifies Cepheid variable star.
  • 06 Oct 1923 1st NL unassisted triple play (Ernie Padgett, Braves against Phillies)
  • 07 Oct 1923 Yankees Everett Scott runs his consecutive-game streak to 1,138
  • 10 Oct 1923 Saxony gets Social Democratic and Communist coalition government
  • 11 Oct 1923 Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs in a World Series game
  • 14 Oct 1923 Fourth tropical storm of the year, formed just north of Panama.
  • 15 Oct 1923 New York Yankees' first World Series win beating New York Giants, 4 games to two (World Series #20).
  • 16 Oct 1923 Disney Co founded
  • 17 Oct 1923 Catholic University of Nijmegen Netherlands opens
  • 19 Oct 1923 Ban Johnson persuades AL owners to prohibit boxing in their parks
  • 21 Oct 1923 1st planetarium opens at Deutsche Museum in Munich
  • 23 Oct 1923 Babe Ruth makes a postseason exhibition appearance in a Giants uniform
  • 24 Oct 1923 Gen Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship
  • 25 Oct 1923 Senate committee publishes 1st report on Teapot Dome scandal
  • 26 Oct 1923 Dutch 2nd Chamber rejects Fleet laws (50-49 vote)
  • 27 Oct 1923 In Germany, General Hans von Seeckt orders the ''Reichswehr'' to dissolve the Social Democratic-Communist government of Saxony, which was refusing to accept the authority of the ''Reich'' government.
  • 29 Oct 1923 Army move SPD / KPD-Government to German part of Saxon
  • 30 Oct 1923 İsmet İnönü is appointed as the first prime minister of Turkey.
  • 31 Oct 1923 The first of 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees at Marble Bar, Australia.
  • 01 Nov 1923 Bruno E Lucander forms Aero E / Y (Finnair)
  • 02 Nov 1923 Bloody street fights in Aken (pro-French separatists driven)
  • 06 Nov 1923 Colonel Jacob Schick patents 1st electric shaver
  • 08 Nov 1923 Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government.
  • 09 Nov 1923 In Munich, Germany, police and government troops crush the Beer Hall Putsch in Bavaria. The failed coup is the work of the Nazis.
  • 10 Nov 1923 German ex-crown Prince flees Netherlands for Germany
  • 11 Nov 1923 Eternal flame lit for tomb of unknown solder, Arc de Triumph
  • 12 Nov 1923 In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to sieze power November 8
  • 14 Nov 1923 Kentaro Suzuki completes his ascent of Mount Iizuna.
  • 15 Nov 1923 The German Rentenmark is introduced in Germany to counter Inflation in the Weimar Republic.
  • 20 Nov 1923 Garrett Morgan invents and patents the traffic signal.
  • 22 Nov 1923 US President Calvin Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death.
  • 23 Nov 1923 German army commander General Von Seeckt bans NSDAP and KPD
  • 30 Nov 1923 Dutch Catholic minority government of Wilhelm Marx forms
  • 03 Dec 1923 First Congressional open session broadcast via radio (Washington DC).
  • 04 Dec 1923 WEAF radio begins broadcasting Eveready Hour (variety show)
  • 06 Dec 1923 1st presidential address broadcast on radio (President Calvin Coolidge)
  • 08 Dec 1923 Labour / Liberals win British parliament
  • 10 Dec 1923 Polish government of Grabski forms.
  • 12 Dec 1923 In Italy, the Po River dam bursts, killing 600.
  • 17 Dec 1923 Greek King George II overthrown by army / Republic
  • 18 Dec 1923 International zone of Tangier set up in Morocco.
  • 20 Dec 1923 BEGGARS Fraternity (the first social fraternity at a Jesuit college in the United States) is founded by nine men, who secured permission to do so from the Pope.
  • 21 Dec 1923 Nepal changes from British protectorate to independent nation.
  • 22 Dec 1923 Bill Ponsford and Edgar Mayne make 456 opening stand for Victoria in cricket.
  • 25 Dec 1923 Imperial Theater opens at 249 W 45th St, New York City
  • 27 Dec 1923 Unsuccessful assassination attempt on prince-regent Hirohito of Japan.
  • 29 Dec 1923 Vladimir K. Zworykin files his first patent (in the United States) for quottelevision systemsquot.
  • 31 Dec 1923 1st transatlantic radio broadcast of a voice, Pittsburgh-Manchester