1923

Taking place in the “Jazz Age”, or the “Roaring Twenties”, 1923 was a year characterized by economic prosperity and bootleggers.

1923

The world’s population reached 2.02 billion. The most popular baby names were John and Mary... Sadly, while 1923 gained many new citizens, the world lost some great people: the man who discovered the X-ray, William Harding, and the designer who forever altered the Paris’ skyline (Gustave Eiffel).

These 365 days saw the birth of Golden Girls’ Estelle Getty, Rocky Marciano, Charlton Heston, and the founding father of Singapore (Lee Kuan Yew). The most popular reads in that year were The Good Soldier Sveck, The Prophet, and that year’s Pulitzer winner One of Ours. The big screen saw the ascension of classics including The Hunchback of Notre Dame and the original The Ten Commandments. Rumblings of the darkness of World War II began with the formation of Mussolini’s fascist militia.

It saw some notable gains in medicine, contraception, computers, and astronomy. In this year, insulin became widely available to treat diabetes and surgeons performed the first successful brain tumor operation. Edwin Hubble opened up the stars to new horizons after he discovered the world’s first Cepheid variable star. For museum and Egyptology lovers, this year marks the time when Howard Carter cracked open the tomb of Tutankhamen.

Plenty of other noteworthy things happened as well. If you love The Lion King, you have 1923 to thank for that; this year marked the founding of the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio. On the global front, the founder of modern Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, served his first term as president and set his country on a new path.

Time Magazine also published its first issue and shortly after that, Firestone produced its first rubber tire. Whether you’re trying to get Let It Go out of your head, or happen to be alive thanks to insulin, 1923 got the ball rolling.

Discover how the world looked like in 1923

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1923


Literature

  • W. B. Yeats

Physics

  • Robert Andrews Millikan

Chemistry

  • Fritz Pregl

Physiology or Medicine

  • Frederick Banting
  • John James Rickard Macleod
vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1923?


Top #1 songs in the USA

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Little Old New York

Little Old New York

Directed by: Sidney Olcott

Starring: Marion Davies, Stephen Carr, J.M. Kerrigan, Harrison Ford

Country: United States of America

Zaza

Zaza

Directed by: Allan Dwan

Starring: Gloria Swanson, H.B. Warner, Ferdinand Gottschalk, Lucille La Verne

Country: United States of America

The Extra Girl

The Extra Girl

Directed by: F. Richard Jones

Starring: Mabel Normand, Ralph Graves, George Nichols, Anna Dodge

Country: United States of America

Souls for Sale

Souls for Sale

Directed by: Rupert Hughes

Starring: Eleanor Boardman, Frank Mayo, Richard Dix, Mae Busch

Country: United States of America

Where the North Begins

Where the North Begins

Directed by: Chester M. Franklin

Starring: Rin Tin Tin, Claire Adams, Fred Huntley, Walter McGrail

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1923 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1923?


Events

  • 01 Jan Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established.
  • 02 Jan Ku Klux Klan makes surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood, Florida, USA; 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995).
  • 04 Jan 1st broadcast of Barn Dance Show (WBAP - Ft Worth Texas)
  • 07 Jan Baltimore Sun warns of Ku Klux Klan
  • 08 Jan Typography strike in Amsterdam
  • 09 Jan Lithuanian residents of the Memel Territory rebelled against the League of Nations decision to leave the area as a mandated region under French control.
  • 10 Jan Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany).
  • 11 Jan Occupation of the Ruhr: Troops from France and Belgium occupy the Ruhr area to force Germany to make its World War I reparation payments.
  • 17 Jan Belgian Working People Party protests against occupied Ruhrgebied.
  • 18 Jan Elon College's campus in North Carolina is destroyed by a fire.
  • 19 Jan WMC-AM in Memphis TN begins radio transmissions
  • 23 Jan Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)
  • 24 Jan Aztec Ruins National Monument, in New Mexico, USA, is established.
  • 28 Jan 1st Reichs Party (NSDAP) forms in Munich
  • 29 Jan 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)
  • 01 Feb Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini.
  • 02 Feb Ethyl gasoline first marketed in USA, in Dayton, Ohio.
  • 05 Feb Mass arrests of socialists and communists in Italy.
  • 08 Feb German NSDAP Volkischer Beobachter newspaper becomes a daily
  • 09 Feb Soviet Aeroflot airlines is established.
  • 10 Feb Ink paste manufactured for first time by Standard Ink Company.
  • 13 Feb 1st Black pro Basketball team, Renaissance, organizes
  • 16 Feb US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard.
  • 18 Feb Belgium: Borinage-mine workers strike for higher wages
  • 20 Feb Christy Mathewson becomes president of Boston Braves.
  • 22 Feb Transcontinental airmail service begins
  • 23 Feb German Republic day with laws against worker.
  • 24 Feb Flying Scotsman goes into service
  • 25 Feb Bread in Berlin, Germany rises to 2,000 marks.
  • 26 Feb Italian nationalists and fascists merge (blue-shirts and black-shirts).
  • 28 Feb Swedish King Gustaaf V begins state visit to the Netherlands
  • 01 Mar Allies occupy Ruhrgebied, killing railroad striker.
  • 02 Mar Time magazine debuts
  • 03 Mar US Senate rejects membership in International Court of Justice, The Hague.
  • 05 Mar 1st old age pension plans in US established by Montana and Nevada
  • 09 Mar Amsterdam taxi strike ended
  • 13 Mar Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (New York City, New York).
  • 14 Mar President Warren G Harding becomes 1st President to pay taxes
  • 15 Mar Lenin is hit with his 3rd stroke
  • 20 Mar Belgian Senate rejects Dutch University in Ghent.
  • 21 Mar US foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses USSR recognition.
  • 22 Mar The first radio broadcast of ice hockey is made by Foster Hewitt.
  • 23 Mar Frank Silver and Irving Conn release Yes, We Have No Bananas
  • 24 Mar Greece becomes a republic.
  • 25 Mar British government grants Trans-Jordan autonomy.
  • 26 Mar Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), three games to one.
  • 28 Mar ''Regia Aeronautica'', the air force of Fascist Italy, is founded.
  • 30 Mar Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, formed at Howard University in 1920, incorporates.
  • 31 Mar Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) sweep Edmonton Eskimos (WCHL) in two games.
  • 01 Apr First sound short films shown in New York's Rivoli Theatre.
  • 05 Apr Firestone Tire and Rubber Company begins production of balloon-tires.
  • 06 Apr The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.
  • 07 Apr Workers Party of America (New York City) becomes official communist party.
  • 10 Apr Hitler demands hatred & more hatred in Berlin
  • 12 Apr The ''Kandersteg International Scout Centre'' comes into existence.
  • 13 Apr Army wins the first college three-weapon fencing championship.
  • 14 Apr Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 metres.
  • 15 Apr Insulin becomes generally available for use by people with diabetes.
  • 17 Apr Longest NL opening game, Phillies and Dodgers tie 5-5 in 14
  • 18 Apr Poland annexes Central Lithuania.
  • 19 Apr New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers.
  • 23 Apr The Gdynia seaport is inaugurated.
  • 24 Apr Colonel Jacob Schick patents Schick shavers.
  • 26 Apr English prince Albert (George VI) marries lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.
  • 27 Apr Mussolini government italian place in South Tirol / Alto Adige
  • 28 Apr Wembley Stadium opens-Bolton Wanderers versus West Ham United (FA Cup).
  • 01 May Rahula College is established in Ceylon with the name of quotParakramabhahu Vidyalayaquot.
  • 02 May Senator Walter Johnson pitches his 100th shutout, beats New York Yankees 3-0.
  • 03 May First nonstop transcontinental flight (New York-San Diego) completed.
  • 04 May New York state revokes Prohibition law.
  • 07 May Mine strike at Belgian Borinage railroad.
  • 11 May 10 HRs hit in Phillies 20-14 victory over St. Louis Cardinals
  • 12 May 49th Preakness: Benny Marinelli aboard Vigil wins in 1:53.6.
  • 13 May Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter (One of Ours)
  • 15 May Cooperation of Dutch Molen forms
  • 17 May Fire during closing day ceremonies at Grover Cleveland School (SC)
  • 19 May KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies.
  • 20 May Stanley Baldwin, becomes Prime Minister of the UK
  • 22 May Stanley Baldwin succeeds Andrew Bonar Law as British premier.
  • 23 May 1st flight of Sabena: Brussel-Lympne, Great Britain
  • 24 May The Irish Civil War ends.
  • 25 May Britain recognizes Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader.
  • 26 May Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg, Germany.
  • 27 May The Ku Klux Klan in the United States defies a law requiring publication of its members.
  • 28 May Attorney General says it is legal for women to wear trousers anywhere
  • 31 May China and the USSR exchange diplomats
  • 01 Jun New York Giants beat Phillies, 22-5, Giants score in every inning
  • 09 Jun 55th Belmont: Earl Sande aboard Zev wins in 2:19
  • 12 Jun Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above ground in New York City
  • 13 Jun President Li of China abandons his residence because a warlord has commanded forces to surround the mansion and cut off its water and electric supplies, in order to force him to abandon his post.
  • 14 Jun Recording of 1st country music hit (Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane)
  • 16 Jun Sun Yat Sen founds military academy
  • 18 Jun Checker Taxi puts its first taxi on the streets.
  • 19 Jun Moon Mullins, Comic Strip, debuts
  • 21 Jun Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using mail to defraud
  • 24 Jun Pope Pius XI speaks against allies occupying Ruhrgebied
  • 25 Jun Rapid Bucureşti is formed on the initiative of the Griviţa railroad workers (first named CFR Bucureşti).
  • 28 Jun Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Henry for state visit to London
  • 30 Jun New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica.
  • 01 Jul 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF New York and WMAF Massachusetts)
  • 03 Jul Harbor strike in Hull / Grimsby / Cardiff / Bristol over to London
  • 04 Jul Jack Dempsey beats Tommy Gibbon in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 06 Jul 36th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats K McKane (62 62)
  • 07 Jul 43rd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: William Johnston beats F Hunter (60 63 61)
  • 08 Jul Walter Mittelholzer flies Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen / Oostland
  • 10 Jul All non-fascist parties disolved in Italy.
  • 11 Jul Harry Frazee, sells Red Sox to Ohio businessmen for $1M
  • 13 Jul Draft law passes
  • 15 Jul 27th US Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 296 at Inwood Country Club - New York
  • 17 Jul Carl Mays gives up 13 runs and 20 hits in 13-0 lose to Cleveland Indians.
  • 19 Jul WRC-AM in Washington DC begins radio transmissions
  • 21 Jul Phillies score 12 in 6th and beat Cubs 17-4
  • 22 Jul Walter Johnson becomes the first to strikeout 3,000 in Major League Baseball.
  • 24 Jul Allied Powers and Turkey sign peace treaty, Lausanne.
  • 25 Jul German mark devalued to 600,000 Dmark=$1
  • 29 Jul Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin
  • 30 Jul New Zealand claims Ross Dependency
  • 31 Jul Belgian Chamber discusses bilinguality at Ghent University
  • 02 Aug Former US President Warren Harding dies at Palace Hotel, San Francisco, California.
  • 03 Aug Baseball games cancelled following the death of President Harding
  • 09 Aug New York State Golf Association formed.
  • 11 Aug Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
  • 12 Aug Dutch AR-leader Coair replaces De Geer as Minister of Finances
  • 13 Aug Germany: Gustav Stresemann becomes Premier of coalition government
  • 15 Aug Eamon de Valera arrested in Irish Free State
  • 18 Aug 37th US Womens Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Molla B Mallory (62 61)
  • 20 Aug London harbor strike ends
  • 22 Aug Paavo Nurmi runs world record mile (4:10.4)
  • 23 Aug Capt. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
  • 24 Aug Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3 mile (14:11.2)
  • 30 Aug Hurricane season begins, with a tropical storm northeast of Turks and Caicos.
  • 31 Aug League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)
  • 01 Sep 18th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in New York (4-1)
  • 04 Sep A Charlot and N Cowards revue London Calling, premieres in London
  • 05 Sep Flyweights Gene LaRue and Kid Pancho knock out each other simultaneously.
  • 06 Sep Queen Wilhelmina celebrates 25 year jubilee
  • 07 Sep Interpol forms in Vienna
  • 08 Sep Honda Point Disaster: nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost, and twenty-three sailors killed.
  • 09 Sep Albin Stenroos runs world record 20 km (1:07:11.2)
  • 10 Sep Irish Free state joins League of Nations
  • 11 Sep Bernie Neis, hits the 1,000th Dodger home run
  • 12 Sep Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Company
  • 13 Sep Following a military coup in Spain, Miguel Primo de Rivera takes over, setting up a dictatorship.
  • 14 Sep Jack Dempsey KOs Luis Firpo in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 15 Sep 43rd US Mens Tennis: William T Tilden beats W M Johnston (64 61 64)
  • 17 Sep A major fire in Berkeley, California erupts, consuming some 640 structures, including 584 homes in the densely built neighborhoods north of the campus of the University of California.
  • 18 Sep September 26 ampndash Newspaper printers strike in New York.
  • 19 Sep Ernst Tollers Hinkemann, premieres in Leipzig
  • 23 Sep 80,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against Fleet law
  • 24 Sep Premiere of 1st celluloid film Das Leben auf dem Dorfe (Berlin)
  • 26 Sep Stresemann Government ends resistance against occupiers in Ruhrgebied
  • 27 Sep Italian troops leave occupied Korfu
  • 28 Sep Abyssinia (Ethiopia) leaves League of Nations
  • 29 Sep 6th PGA Championship: Gene Sarazen at Pelham Country Club - Pelham, New York
  • 30 Sep Canton Bulldogs win 1st on way to 17-0 season
  • 02 Oct British occuping army leaves Constantinople
  • 04 Oct Young Stribling held light-heavyweight boxing championship for the shortest amount of time (3 hours). Referee overturns the decision.
  • 05 Oct Edwin Hubble identifies Cepheid variable star.
  • 06 Oct 1st NL unassisted triple play (Ernie Padgett, Braves against Phillies)
  • 07 Oct Yankees Everett Scott runs his consecutive-game streak to 1,138
  • 10 Oct Saxony gets Social Democratic and Communist coalition government
  • 11 Oct Babe Ruth hits 2 HRs in a World Series game
  • 14 Oct Fourth tropical storm of the year, formed just north of Panama.
  • 15 Oct New York Yankees' first World Series win beating New York Giants, 4 games to two (World Series #20).
  • 16 Oct Disney Co founded
  • 17 Oct Catholic University of Nijmegen Netherlands opens
  • 19 Oct Ban Johnson persuades AL owners to prohibit boxing in their parks
  • 21 Oct 1st planetarium opens at Deutsche Museum in Munich
  • 23 Oct Babe Ruth makes a postseason exhibition appearance in a Giants uniform
  • 24 Oct Gen Otto von Lossow calls Reichswehr to Berlin to form a dictatorship
  • 25 Oct Senate committee publishes 1st report on Teapot Dome scandal
  • 26 Oct Dutch 2nd Chamber rejects Fleet laws (50-49 vote)
  • 27 Oct In Germany, General Hans von Seeckt orders the ''Reichswehr'' to dissolve the Social Democratic-Communist government of Saxony, which was refusing to accept the authority of the ''Reich'' government.
  • 29 Oct Army move SPD / KPD-Government to German part of Saxon
  • 30 Oct İsmet İnönü is appointed as the first prime minister of Turkey.
  • 31 Oct The first of 160 consecutive days of 100 degrees at Marble Bar, Australia.
  • 01 Nov Bruno E Lucander forms Aero E / Y (Finnair)
  • 02 Nov Bloody street fights in Aken (pro-French separatists driven)
  • 06 Nov Colonel Jacob Schick patents 1st electric shaver
  • 08 Nov Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government.
  • 09 Nov In Munich, Germany, police and government troops crush the Beer Hall Putsch in Bavaria. The failed coup is the work of the Nazis.
  • 10 Nov German ex-crown Prince flees Netherlands for Germany
  • 11 Nov Eternal flame lit for tomb of unknown solder, Arc de Triumph
  • 12 Nov In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to sieze power November 8
  • 14 Nov Kentaro Suzuki completes his ascent of Mount Iizuna.
  • 15 Nov The German Rentenmark is introduced in Germany to counter Inflation in the Weimar Republic.
  • 20 Nov Garrett Morgan invents and patents the traffic signal.
  • 22 Nov US President Calvin Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke, sentenced to death.
  • 23 Nov German army commander General Von Seeckt bans NSDAP and KPD
  • 30 Nov Dutch Catholic minority government of Wilhelm Marx forms
  • 03 Dec First Congressional open session broadcast via radio (Washington DC).
  • 04 Dec WEAF radio begins broadcasting Eveready Hour (variety show)
  • 06 Dec 1st presidential address broadcast on radio (President Calvin Coolidge)
  • 08 Dec Labour / Liberals win British parliament
  • 10 Dec Polish government of Grabski forms.
  • 12 Dec In Italy, the Po River dam bursts, killing 600.
  • 17 Dec Greek King George II overthrown by army / Republic
  • 18 Dec International zone of Tangier set up in Morocco.
  • 20 Dec BEGGARS Fraternity (the first social fraternity at a Jesuit college in the United States) is founded by nine men, who secured permission to do so from the Pope.
  • 21 Dec Nepal changes from British protectorate to independent nation.
  • 22 Dec Bill Ponsford and Edgar Mayne make 456 opening stand for Victoria in cricket.
  • 25 Dec Imperial Theater opens at 249 W 45th St, New York City
  • 27 Dec Unsuccessful assassination attempt on prince-regent Hirohito of Japan.
  • 29 Dec Vladimir K. Zworykin files his first patent (in the United States) for quottelevision systemsquot.
  • 31 Dec 1st transatlantic radio broadcast of a voice, Pittsburgh-Manchester