1925

1925, a year right in the middle of the famous “Roaring Twenties” was a booming year for the arts. In April of this year, F. Scott Fitzgerald published The Great Gatsby, a masterpiece of 20th century literature.

1925

Paris held a World’s fair, called the International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts. The style of art exhibited at the fair was called “Art Deco” after the fair’s name. Thus, the Art Deco style was born. Paris also held the world’s first Surrealist art exhibition this year.

This was also a crucial year for science, particularly in the United States. In March of 1925, the Tennessee General Assembly passed the Butler Act, which was a law that prohibited the theory of evolution from being taught in publicly funded schools in the State of Tennessee. In the summer of 1925, John Scopes, a substitute high school science teacher, was accused of violating the Butler Act and subsequently brought to trial. The trial itself became a sensation, with former presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan on the prosecution and Clarence Darrow, a famous defense attorney, arguing in defense of Scopes. The trial brought media from around the country, and was famously covered by H.L. Mencken, who famously dubbed it the “Monkey Trial.” It was also the first trial to be broadcast over the radio.

1925 was also the year that the world took a significant step towards World War II. While the war itself would not begin for over a decade, this is the year that Benito Mussolini’s dictatorship in Italy began. Until this point, Mussolini had more or less worked with existing institutions of the Italian government, but 1925 was the year that he declared himself “Il Duce” and took on dictatorial powers. Once he had done this, he steadily continued to consolidate power in his fascist regime.

Discover how the world looked like in 1925

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1925


Peace Prize

  • Austen Chamberlain
  • Charles G. Dawes

Literature

  • George Bernard Shaw

Physics

  • James Franck
  • Gustav Ludwig Hertz

Chemistry

  • Richard Adolf Zsigmondy

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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The Gold Rush

The Gold Rush

Directed by: Charles Chaplin

Starring: Charles Chaplin, Mack Swain, Tom Murray, Henry Bergman

Country: United States of America

The Merry Widow

The Merry Widow

Directed by: Erich von Stroheim

Starring: Mae Murray, John Gilbert, Roy D'Arcy, Josephine Crowell

Country: United States of America

Seven Chances

Seven Chances

Directed by: Buster Keaton

Starring: Buster Keaton, Ruth Dwyer, T. Roy Barnes, Snitz Edwards

Country: United States of America

Stage Struck

Stage Struck

Directed by: Allan Dwan

Starring: Gloria Swanson, Lawrence Gray, Gertrude Astor, Oliver Sandys

Lazybones

Lazybones

Directed by: Frank Borzage

Starring: Madge Bellamy, Buck Jones, Zasu Pitts, Leslie Fenton

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1925 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1925?


Events

  • 01 Jan American astronomer Edwin Hubble announces the discovery of galaxies outside the Milky Way.
  • 02 Jan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region established (now in Tadzhik SSR).
  • 03 Jan Mussolini dissolves Italian parliament / becomes Dictator
  • 05 Jan James Gleason and Richard Tabers Is zat so?, premieres in New York City
  • 06 Jan Paavo Nurmi sets indoor record, 4:13.6 mile and 14:44.6 5,000m.
  • 07 Jan Musical Big Boy with Al Jolson premieres in New York City
  • 08 Jan 1st all-female US State Supreme Court appointed, Texas
  • 10 Jan France-Saarland forms.
  • 11 Jan Franc B Kellogg replaces Charles Hughes on as US Secretary of State
  • 15 Jan Hans Luther forms German government, with DNVP.
  • 16 Jan Leon Trotsky dismissed as CEO of Russian Revolution Military Council.
  • 19 Jan -48 degrees F (-44 degrees C), Van Buren, Maine (state record).
  • 20 Jan USSR and Japan sign treaty of Peking, Seychelles back to USSR.
  • 21 Jan Albanian parliament announces itself a Republic; Ahmed Zogoe President
  • 22 Jan Albania Republic proclaimed under President Achmed Zogu
  • 24 Jan Moving picture of a solar eclipse taken from dirigible over Long Island, New York, USA.
  • 27 Jan February 1 ampndash The 1925 serum run to Nome (the quotGreat Race of Mercyquot) relays diphtheria antitoxin by dog sled across the U.S. territory of Alaska, to combat an epidemic.
  • 28 Jan -46 degrees F (-43 degrees C), Pittsburgh, New Hampshire (state record).
  • 29 Jan British Liberals choose David Lloyd George as party leader.
  • 30 Jan Turkish government throws out Constantine VI of Constantinople.
  • 31 Jan Premier Ahmed Zogu (Zogu I) becomes President of Albania.
  • 02 Feb Dogsleds reach Nome with emergency diphtheria serum after 1000-km
  • 08 Feb Marcus Garvey enters federal prison in Atlanta
  • 09 Feb Haifa Technion (Israel), opens
  • 10 Feb First waterless gas storage tank put into service, Michigan City, Indiana.
  • 12 Feb E Thieffry departs with Handley Page for the Belgian Congo
  • 13 Feb US Congress makes Surpreme Court appeal more difficult.
  • 14 Feb State of emergency crisis in Bayern ends, NSDAP re-allowed.
  • 15 Feb The Alice Comedy ''Alice Solves the Puzzle'' is released at 6:54 a.m. by Disney Studios, introducing Bootleg Pete (an early prototype for '''Pegleg Pete''') for the first time.
  • 21 Feb First issue of New Yorker magazine published.
  • 24 Feb Thermite explosive first used to break up ice jam, Waddington, New York, USA.
  • 25 Feb US female Figure Skating championship won by Beatrix Loughran.
  • 26 Feb Jihad-Saint war against Turkish government.
  • 28 Feb Tea For Two by Marion Harris hit #1
  • 02 Mar Dutch Socialists demand drastic disarmament
  • 04 Mar President Calvin Coolidge's inauguration is broadcast live on 21 radio stations.
  • 07 Mar American Negro Congress organizes.
  • 09 Mar Pink's War: The first Royal Air Force operation conducted independently of the British Army or Royal Navy begins.
  • 10 Mar Walter Mittelholzer is 1st to flies over Demawend mountain, Iran
  • 12 Mar British government of Stanley Baldwin refuses to ratify Geneva agreement.
  • 13 Mar NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens sweep Toronto Arenas in two games.
  • 15 Mar The Phi Lambda Chi fraternity (original name quotThe Aztecsquot) is founded on the campus of Arkansas State Teacher's College in Conway, Arkansas (now the University of Central Arkansas).
  • 18 Mar (8) 60 mph tornadoes speed Mo, In, Il, Ky, and Tn kills 689
  • 19 Mar Angelo G Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) becomes a bishop.
  • 21 Mar Iran adopts Khorshidi solar Hijrah calendar.
  • 23 Mar Tennessee becomes first state to outlaw teaching theory of evolution.
  • 24 Mar KSL-AM in Salt Lake City UT begins radio transmissions
  • 30 Mar Stanley Cup: Victoria Cougars (WCHL) beat MontrTal Maroons (NHL), 3 games to 1.
  • 31 Mar WOWO-AM, Ft Wayne Indiana begins radio transmission (500 watts)
  • 01 Apr Hebrew University, Jerusalem dedicated
  • 03 Apr Great Britain goes back to gold standard
  • 05 Apr Belgian Workers Party wins parliamentary election.
  • 09 Apr Babe Ruth rushed to hospital
  • 10 Apr Czarina re-christened Stalingrad (now Volgograd)
  • 11 Apr Abd el-Krims Rifkabylen beats French army in Morocco.
  • 13 Apr Virginia Theater (ANTA, Guild) opens at 245 W 52nd St, New York City
  • 14 Apr 1st regular-season Cubs game to be broadcast on radio (WGN)
  • 15 Apr Fritz Haarmann, a serial killer convicted of the murder of 24 boys and young men, is beheaded in Germany.
  • 16 Apr During the Communist St Nedelya Church assault in Sofia, 150 are killed and 500 are wounded.
  • 17 Apr New York Yankee Babe Ruth has ulcer surgery
  • 18 Apr World's fair opens in Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • 20 Apr 29th Boston Marathon won by Charles Mellor of Illinois in 2:33:00.6.
  • 21 Apr Chuvash Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Chuvash ASSR.
  • 23 Apr 1st London performance of operetta Fasquita staged
  • 25 Apr Paul von Hindenburg elected second President of Germany.
  • 26 Apr Pulitzer prize awarded to Edna Ferber for So big
  • 28 Apr Kurd rebels surrender to Turkish army.
  • 29 Apr Netherlands returns to gold standard
  • 01 May Cyprus becomes a British Crown Colony.
  • 04 May League of Nations conference on arms control and poison gas usage.
  • 05 May Ty Cobb goes 6 for 6, (16 total bases)
  • 06 May Ty Cobb hits his 5th HR in 2 games tying Cap Ansons record of 1884
  • 08 May French colonial army beats Rifkabylen in Morocco.
  • 09 May Cornerstone for Hebrew University, Jerusalem laid
  • 11 May Communist Party of Holland splits
  • 12 May Walter Hagen wins PGA golf tournament.
  • 14 May Virginia Woolf's novel Mrs Dalloway is published.
  • 16 May 51st Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Flying Ebony wins in 2:07.6.
  • 17 May Cleveland Indians' Tris Speaker gets his 3,000th hit.
  • 21 May Canadians allow to sell beer
  • 25 May Scopes Trial: John T. Scopes is indicted for teaching Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.
  • 26 May Babe Ruth is finally out of bed, 5 weeks after ulcer surgery
  • 29 May The British explorer Percy Fawcett sends a last telegram to his wife, before he disappears in the Amazon.
  • 30 May Peter DePaolo becomes first man to average over 100 mph at Indianapolis 500.
  • 01 Jun Lou Gehrig of the New York Yankees plays the first game in his record streak of 2,130 consecutive games, an endurance record in major league baseball that stands until Cal Ripken, Jr. breaks it in 1995.
  • 02 Jun New York Yankee Lou Gehrig begins his 2,130 consecutive game streak
  • 03 Jun Eddie Collins, is 6th to get 3,000 hits
  • 05 Jun 29th US Golf Open: Willie Macfarlane shoots a 291 at Worcester Country Club - Massachusetts
  • 06 Jun Walter Percy Chrysler founded Chrysler Corp (Iacocca is 8 months old)
  • 10 Jun Inaugural service for the United Church of Canada, a union of Presbyterian, Methodist, and Congregationalist churches, held in the Toronto Arena.
  • 13 Jun 57th Belmont: Albert Johnson aboard American Flag wins in 2:16.8
  • 15 Jun Philadelphia Athletics go into bottom of 8th inning trailing 15-4, then score 13 times to defeat Cleveland 17-15
  • 16 Jun The most famous Young Pioneer camp of the USSR, Artek, is established.
  • 22 Jun Spain and France fight Morocco
  • 23 Jun British warship fires on Hong Kong harbor strikers
  • 29 Jun Canada House opens in London, England.
  • 01 Jul New York Giant Hack Wilson hits 2 HRs in 3rd inning beating Phillies, 16-7
  • 03 Jul 38th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats Joan Fry (62 60)
  • 04 Jul 45th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Rene Lacoste beats J Borotra (63 63 46 86)
  • 09 Jul In Dublin, Oonagh Keogh becomes the first female member of a stock exchange in the world.
  • 10 Jul Jury selection took place in John T Scopes evolution trial
  • 11 Jul Queen Wilhelmina names H Colijn head of government
  • 13 Jul French occupation force begins evacuating country
  • 17 Jul Tris Speaker, is 5th to get 3,000 hits
  • 18 Jul Hitler publishes Mein Kampf
  • 20 Jul Beirut Sultan Pasja al-Atrasj calls Druzen for holy war against France
  • 21 Jul Monkey Trial ends-John Scopes found guilty of teaching Darwinism
  • 22 Jul Yankees purchase infielder Leo Durocher
  • 23 Jul New York Yankee Lou Gehrig hits his 1st of 23 career grand slammers
  • 24 Jul Scopes guilty of teaching evolution in a Tn HS, fined $100 and costs
  • 25 Jul Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS) is established.
  • 31 Jul Last allied occupying troops leave Ruhrgebied
  • 01 Aug Shortwave-radio link between Kootwijk and Netherlands East-Indies
  • 03 Aug Last US troops leave Nicaragua (there since 1912)
  • 04 Aug 1st Dutch Colijn government forms
  • 05 Aug Plaid Cymru is formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language that is at the time in danger of dying out.
  • 07 Aug League of Nation advises against Turk / Iraqi division of Mosoelgebied
  • 08 Aug 1st national march of Ku Klux Klan (200,000) in Washington, DC
  • 09 Aug Only time Babe Ruth is pinch-hit for in baseball; Bobby Veach flies out.
  • 10 Aug Hurricane strikes Borculo, 4 die
  • 12 Aug KMA-AM in Shenandoah IA begins radio transmissions
  • 14 Aug Mount Rushmore 1st proposed
  • 15 Aug Norway annexes Spitsbergen
  • 18 Aug Belgian and US sign treaty about war debts
  • 20 Aug WJR-AM in Detroit MI begins radio transmissions
  • 21 Aug BV Emmen soccer team forms
  • 24 Aug 39th US Womens Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats K McKane (36 60 62)
  • 25 Aug Last Belgian troops vacate Duisburg
  • 28 Aug Meteorite falls on Ellemeet, Schouwen, Devil Island
  • 29 Aug After a night on the town, Babe Ruth shows up late for batting practice Miller Huggins suspends Ruth and slaps a $5,000 fine on him
  • 30 Aug 6th Iron pilgrim at Diksmuide Belgium
  • 01 Sep Pierre de Coubertin steps down as Chairman of International Olympic Committee
  • 03 Sep Dirigible Shenandoah crashes near Caldwell, Ohio, USA; 13 die.
  • 05 Sep 29th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Bobby Jones
  • 12 Sep 20th Davis Cup: USA beats France in Philadelphia (5-0)
  • 13 Sep 1st US University for Blacks, Xavier University, opens in New Orleans
  • 18 Sep Bill Tilden wins 6th straight US tennis championship
  • 19 Sep 45th US Mens Tennis: Wm T Tilden beats Wm M Johnston (46 119 63 46 63)
  • 23 Sep Washington shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh is named AL MVP
  • 26 Sep 8th PGA Championship: Walter Hagen at Olympia Fields Country Club - Matteson, Illinois
  • 27 Sep Feast of the Cross according to the Old Calendar A celestial cross appears over Athens, Greece, while the Greek Police pursues a group of Greek Old Calendarists. The phenomenon lasts for half an hour.
  • 29 Sep French General of Morocco, marshal Lyautey, is dismissed
  • 01 Oct Mount Rushmore is dedicated.
  • 02 Oct John Logie Baird performs the first test of a working television system.
  • 05 Oct WSM-AM in Nashville Tenn begins radio transmissions
  • 08 Oct Cubana de Aviación founded.
  • 11 Oct Belgian episcopelian sspeaks against Flemish activism
  • 12 Oct Albert Michelsen runs world record marathon (2:19:01.8)
  • 14 Oct An Anti-French uprising in French-occupied Damascus, Syria. (All French inhabitants flee the city.)
  • 15 Oct Pittsburgh Pirates beat Washington Senators, 4 games to 3 in 22nd World Series.
  • 16 Oct Peace accord of Locarno signed (Rhine Pact)
  • 18 Oct Salt Lake City (PCL) Tony Lazzeri hits his 60th HR of the season
  • 19 Oct Italian army takes Somalia
  • 21 Oct Sidney Howards Lucky Sam McGarver, premieres in New York City
  • 25 Oct Lester Patrick takes over New York Rangers
  • 27 Oct Water skis patented by Fred Waller.
  • 30 Oct KUT-AM in Austin TX begins radio transmissions
  • 31 Oct Cossack officer Reza Chan replaces Sultan Ahmad Shah in Persia
  • 01 Nov VARA, Vereniging van Workers Radio Amateurs forms in Amsterdam
  • 05 Nov Mussolini disbands Italian socialist parties
  • 06 Nov Secret agent Sidney Reilly is executed by the OGPU, the secret police of the Soviet Union.
  • 07 Nov Italians liberal-national party joins fascist
  • 09 Nov German NSDAP form SS
  • 11 Nov Night of Kersten - Colijn Dutch government falls by SGP-amendement
  • 12 Nov US and Italy sign peace accord about war debts
  • 16 Nov American Association for the Advancement of Atheism is formed in New York.
  • 21 Nov Red Grange plays final University of Illinois game, signs with Chicago Bears
  • 22 Nov Red Grange signs with Chicago Bears directly out of college
  • 24 Nov 1st radio-broadcast of Dutch KRO (Catholic Radio Broadcast)
  • 25 Nov KPD proposes German Parliament expropriate possession of monarchy
  • 26 Nov Netherlands and Germany sign trade agreement
  • 27 Nov German Parliament ratifies treaty of Locarno
  • 28 Nov 7th French government of Briand sworn-in
  • 01 Dec Treaty of Locarno signed.
  • 06 Dec Italy, Britain and Egypt sign Jaghbub accord (Italy).
  • 07 Dec Biltmore Theater opens at 261 W 47th St, New York City
  • 09 Dec Pro football a hit in NYC; Grange and Bears beat Giants before 73,000
  • 10 Dec George Bernard Shaw awarded Nobel Prize.
  • 11 Dec Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Quas Primas
  • 12 Dec Cossack officer / ex-premier Reza Chan becomes shah of Persia
  • 15 Dec First road with a depressed trough (Texas) opens to traffic.
  • 17 Dec Colonel William Billy Mitchell court-martial for insubordination
  • 21 Dec Stork Hendry scores 325 for Victoria against New Zealand in cricket.
  • 23 Dec Sultan Ibn Saud of Nedzjed conquers Djeddah.
  • 25 Dec IG Farben formed by merger of six chemical companies in Germany.
  • 26 Dec NHL record 141 shots as New York Americans (73) beat Pittsburgh Pirates (68) 3-1.
  • 30 Dec New South Wales score 705 in cricket against Victoria, go from 8-475 to 9-701.
  • 31 Dec 14th congress of CPSU decides to accelerate industry.