1920

This decade between 1920 and 1929 brought flare, freedom, and the roaring twenties is the name given to it.

1920

It was in this era that Jazz became popular and a record number of Americans were living in cities compared to farms. Jazz also took center stage as more and more people discovered the pleasures of dancing. Literature also took center stage with Ernest Hemingway’s The Sun Also Rises and F. Scot Fitzgerald’sThe Great Gatsby took center stage. Pope John Paul II was born this year on May 18.

As the roaring twenties took America by storm, the founding of the League of Nations was on January 10, 1920, and made up of 42 countries. The first meeting was in Geneva on November 15, without the participation of the United States of America. The league mediated international conflicts, but major governments paid little regard to the League of Nations.

On Election Day in 1920, American women, like their male counterparts voted. This was historic since it was the first time that women were voting. This right had taken over 100 years to come into effect and ratified in the 19th amendment of the American constitution on August 26, 1920.

As the year ended, one of the most devastating earthquakes in history hit Chinaon December 16. The 8.5 magnitude quake brought disaster to an area over 25,000 square miles. The earthquake caused massive landslides, and an estimated 200,000 people died in the quake. The earthquake hit ten major densely populated areas of Gansu Province, which led to the high number of casualties.

It was in this year that a professional football body called the formation of the American Professional Football Conference, AFPC by seven men including the star athlete of the time, Jim Thorpe. The AFPC was the forerunner of the internationally famous National Football League.

Discover how the world looked like in 1920

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1920


Peace Prize

  • Léon Bourgeois

Literature

  • Knut Hamsun

Physics

  • Charles Édouard Guillaume

Chemistry

  • Walther Nernst

Physiology or Medicine

  • August Krogh

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari

Directed by: Robert Wiene

Starring: Werner Krauss, Conrad Veidt, Friedrich Feher, Lil Dagover

Country: United States of America

Way Down East

Way Down East

Directed by: D.W. Griffith

Starring: Lillian Gish, Richard Barthelmess, Mrs. David Landau, Lowell Sherman

Country: United States of America

The Penalty

The Penalty

Directed by: Wallace Worsley

Starring: Charles Clary, Doris Pawn, Jim Mason, Lon Chaney

Country: United States of America

The Golem

The Golem

Directed by: Carl Boese, Paul Wegener

Starring: Paul Wegener, Albert Steinrück, Ernst Deutsch, Lyda Salmonova

Country: United States of America

The Mark of Zorro

The Mark of Zorro

Directed by: Fred Niblo

Starring: Douglas Fairbanks, Marguerite De La Motte, Robert McKim, Noah Beery

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1920 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1920?


Events

  • 01 Jan The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • 02 Jan 10,000 US union and socialist organizers arrested (Palmer Raids).
  • 03 Jan New York Yankees purchase Babe Ruth from Boston Red Sox for $125,000.
  • 04 Jan Amsterdam actors decide to strike for retirement benefits.
  • 05 Jan Boston Red Sox sell Babe Ruth to New York Yankees.
  • 07 Jan The New York State Assembly refuses to seat five duly elected Socialist assemblymen.
  • 09 Jan Thousands of onlookers watch as quotThe Human Flyquot George Polley climbs the New York Woolworth Building. He reaches the 30th floor before being arrested.
  • 10 Jan Montreal Canadiens (14) and Toronto Saint Patricks (7) score NHL record 21 goals.
  • 11 Jan French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
  • 12 Jan Annual drafting of baseball players from minor leagues to be done in inverse order of the final standings, agreed to.
  • 13 Jan New York Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
  • 16 Jan 18th Amendment, prohibition, becomes the law of the land - one year after ratification; it is repealed in 1933.
  • 17 Jan Paul Deschanel elected President of France.
  • 19 Jan Alexandre Millerand forms French government.
  • 20 Jan The American Civil Liberties Union is founded.
  • 22 Jan The Australian Country Party is officially formed, led by Nelson Pollard.
  • 23 Jan The Netherlands refuses to extradite the German Kaiser.
  • 26 Jan Former Ford Motor Company executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer.
  • 29 Jan Walt Disney starts first job as an artist; $40 week with Kansas City Slide Co.
  • 30 Jan The oldest surviving pro wrestling match on film happens, with Joe Stecher defeating Earl Caddock.
  • 31 Jan Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates.
  • 01 Feb Soccer team Quick Boys forms.
  • 02 Feb Tarto / Dorpat peace treaty: USSR recognizes Estonian independence
  • 06 Feb Saarland administrated by League of Nations.
  • 07 Feb Admiral Kolchak and Viktor Pepelyayev are executed by firing squad near Irkutsk.
  • 09 Feb Joint Rules Commission bans foreign substances and alterations to baseballs.
  • 10 Feb Baseball outlaws all pitches involving tampering with the ball.
  • 13 Feb League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland.
  • 14 Feb The League of Women Voters is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 17 Feb A woman named Anna Anderson tries to commit suicide in Berlin and is taken to a mental hospital, where she claims she is Grand Duchess Anastasia of Russia.
  • 19 Feb Netherlands joins League of Nations.
  • 20 Feb An earthquake hits Gori Georgia, killing 114.
  • 21 Feb The island province of Marinduque in the Philippines archipelago is founded.
  • 22 Feb 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track (Emeryville, California)
  • 24 Feb Peace treaty gives Estonia independence.
  • 26 Feb The first German Expressionist film and early horror movie, Robert Wiene's The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, premiered in Berlin.
  • 01 Mar Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • 03 Mar Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating QuTbec Bulldogs.
  • 04 Mar Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece.
  • 08 Mar Denmark and Cuba join the League of Nations.
  • 10 Mar The Baylor Business Men's Club changes its name to the Baylor University Chamber of Commerce. It has operated under this name since the change.
  • 13 Mar The Kapp Putsch briefly ousts the Weimar Republic government from Berlin.
  • 15 Mar The Ruhr Red Army, a communist army 60,000 men strong, is formed in Germany.
  • 16 Mar 1 Acre Park also known as Baby Park in the Bronx renamed Melrose Park.
  • 18 Mar Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar.
  • 19 Mar The United States Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles for the second time (the first time was on November 19, 1919).
  • 20 Mar US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Theresa Weld.
  • 22 Mar Azeri and Turkish army soldiers with participation of Kurdish gangs attacked the Armenian inhabitants of Shushi (Nagorno Karabakh).
  • 23 Mar Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms.
  • 25 Mar Greek Independence Day.
  • 27 Mar Film stars Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks wed.
  • 28 Mar Thomas Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia.
  • 29 Mar Sir William Robertson, who enlisted in 1877, becomes a field marshal in the British Army, the first man to rise to this rank from private.
  • 31 Mar British parliament accept Irish "Home Rule"-law.
  • 01 Apr Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Seattle (PCHA), three games to 2.
  • 02 Apr The German army marches to the Ruhr to fight the Ruhr Red Army.
  • 04 Apr Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem.
  • 06 Apr French troop attacks Main / Darmstadt / Hanau
  • 08 Apr LONGA soccer team forms in Tilburg.
  • 11 Apr Mexican Revolution: Álvaro Obregón flees from Mexico City during a trial intended to ruin his reputation he flees to Guerrero where he joins Fortunato Maycotte.
  • 13 Apr 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
  • 14 Apr Tornadoes killed 219 people in Alabama and Mississippi.
  • 15 Apr New Canadian small cent coin is released
  • 17 Apr American Professional Football Association forms (NFL).
  • 19 Apr 24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31.
  • 20 Apr 7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp Belgium
  • 23 Apr Turkish Grand National Assembly first meets, in Ankara.
  • 24 Apr British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years).
  • 26 Apr H Shapley and H D Curtis hold "great debate" on nature of nebulae.
  • 27 Apr Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence.
  • 30 Apr Peru becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 01 May Belgian-Luxembourg toll tunnel opens.
  • 02 May The first game of the Negro National League baseball is played in Indianapolis, Indiana.
  • 03 May A Bolshevik coup fails in the Democratic Republic of Georgia.
  • 05 May Polish troops occupy Kiev.
  • 07 May Kiev Offensive: Polish troops led by Jozef Pi?sudski and Edward Rydz-Smig?y and assisted by a symbolic Ukrainian force capture Kiev only to be driven out by the Red Army counter-offensive a month later.
  • 08 May 46th Kentucky Derby: Ted Rice aboard Paul Jones wins in 2:09.
  • 15 May Russian Revolution: Russian White soldier Maria Bochkareva is executed in Soviet Russia.
  • 16 May Spanish bullfighter Joselito is fatally gored fighting his last bull.
  • 19 May Mexican Revolution: Álvaro Obregón's troops enter Mexico City.
  • 20 May Montreal, Quebec radio station XWA broadcasts the first regularly scheduled radio programming in North America.
  • 23 May Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei.
  • 24 May Venustiano Carranza is buried in Mexico City all of his mourning allies are arrested. Adolfo de la Huerta is elected provisional president.
  • 26 May Anti-Soviet opposition in the Azerbaijan SSR launches an abortive revolt in Ganja.
  • 27 May Tatar ASSR is established in Russian SFSR.
  • 29 May The Great Louth Flood kills 23.
  • 01 Jun RKSV Volendam soccer team forms in Volendam
  • 04 Jun Hungary loses 71% of its territory and 63% of its population when the Treaty of Trianon is signed in Paris.
  • 06 Jun Gen Wrangel opens offensive against red Army
  • 11 Jun Republicans nominate Warren G Harding for president.
  • 12 Jun Farmer Labor Party organized (Chicago).
  • 13 Jun Post Office says children could not be sent by parcel post
  • 15 Jun De Zweef soccer team forms in Nijverdal
  • 17 Jun Dutch 2nd Chamber accept Anti-revolution law
  • 22 Jun Greece attacks Turkish troops.
  • 24 Jun Chuvash Autonomous Region formed in RSFSR.
  • 25 Jun League of Nations places International head of Justice in Hague
  • 01 Jul Germany declares its neutrality in the war between Poland and Soviet Russia.
  • 02 Jul Polish–Soviet War: Red Army continues offensive into Poland.
  • 03 Jul 40th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bill Tilden beats Patterson (26 63 62 64)
  • 06 Jul Yankees score 14 in 5th inning and beat Washington Senators, 17-0
  • 10 Jul Tris Speaker is stopped at 11 consecutive hits by Tom Zachary
  • 11 Jul In the East Prussian plebiscite the local populace decides to remain with Weimar Germany
  • 12 Jul Lithuania and the USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent rep
  • 13 Jul London County Council bars foreigners from council jobs.
  • 15 Jul The Manila Mint in the Philippines begins coining bronze 1-centavo coins for circulation. This is the first official coinage of the Philippines under US administration.
  • 16 Jul 15th Davis Cup: USA beats Australasia in Auckland (5-0)
  • 19 Jul August 7 ampndash The Second Congress of the Communist International takes place in Saint Petersburg and Moscow. The notorious Twenty-one Conditions are adopted.
  • 20 Jul Heerenveen soccer team forms
  • 22 Jul Polish–Soviet War: Poland sues for peace with Bolshevist Russia (refused).
  • 23 Jul British East Africa renamed Kenya and becomes a British crown colony
  • 24 Jul French troops occupy Damascus and depose Faisal I of Syria as king.ref name=quotFrench occupation of Syriaquot
  • 25 Jul Telecommunications: the first transatlantic two-way radio broadcast takes place.
  • 26 Jul Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa takes over Sabina and contacts de la Huerta to offer his conditional surrender. He signs his surrender on July 28.
  • 27 Jul Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation
  • 29 Jul Mexican rebel Pancho Villa surrenders
  • 30 Jul August 8 ampndash 1st World Scout Jamboree held at Olympia, London.
  • 01 Aug Papendrecht soccer team forms
  • 02 Aug Marcus Garvey presents his Back To Africa program in New York City
  • 03 Aug Irish War of Independence: Catholics riot in Belfast.
  • 08 Aug Tigers beat Yanks 1-0 in shortest AL game, 73 minutes
  • 09 Aug Bulgarian and allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
  • 10 Aug Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia and Romania
  • 11 Aug 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
  • 13 Aug 24th US Golf Open: Ted Ray shoots a 295 at Inverness Club in Ohio
  • 14 Aug Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia andYugoslavia
  • 15 Aug Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw : Poles defeat the Red Army.
  • 16 Aug Ray Chapman of the Cleveland Indians is hit on the head by a fastball thrown by Carl Mays of the New York Yankees, and dies early the next day. To date, Chapman is the second player to die from injuries sustained in a Major League Baseball game, the first being Doc Powers in 1909.
  • 17 Aug In memory of Ray Chapman (died August 16), Yanks cancel game with Indians
  • 18 Aug 1st class debut of Walter Hammond
  • 19 Aug August 25 ampndash Second Silesian Uprising: The Poles in Upper Silesia rise up against the Germans.
  • 20 Aug Preliminary meeting in Akron to form American Pro Football League.
  • 21 Aug 3rd PGA Championship: Jock Hutchison at Flossmoor Country Club - Flossmoor, Illinois
  • 25 Aug Polish-Soviet War: Battle of Warsaw, which began on August 13, ends. The Red Army is defeated.
  • 26 Aug Percy Fender (Surrey vs. Northants) scores 100 in 35 minutes
  • 31 Aug Belgium starts paying old age pensions
  • 01 Sep France creates Lebanon
  • 04 Sep Last day of Julian civil calendar (in parts of Bulgaria).
  • 05 Sep Iron monument unveiled at Stone churches, Flanders
  • 06 Sep 40th US Mens Tennis: Wm Tilden beats Wm M Johnston (61 16 75 57 63)
  • 07 Sep Two newly purchased Savoia flying boats crash in the Swiss Alps en-route to Finland where they would serve with the Suomen Ilmavoimat, killing both crews.
  • 08 Sep US Air Mail service begins (New York City to San Francisco).
  • 12 Sep 7th Olympic games close in Antwerp Belgium
  • 16 Sep Bomb explosion in Wall Street, kills 30
  • 17 Sep Cards set a record of 12 consecutive hits in 4th (10) and 5th (2) innings
  • 20 Sep Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
  • 21 Sep Communist Party of Uruguay is founded.
  • 22 Sep Chicago grand jury convenes to investigate charges that 8 White Sox players conspired to fix the 1919 World Series
  • 25 Sep 34th US Womens Tennis: M B Mallory beats M Zinderstein (63 61)
  • 27 Sep Polish–Soviet War: Bolshevist Russia sues for peace with Poland.
  • 28 Sep Dirk Fock appointed as Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 29 Sep Joseph Horne Company in Pittsburgh sells radios for $10
  • 30 Sep Time Square Theater opens at 217 W 42nd St, New York City
  • 01 Oct Dutch law provides for an 8 hour working day
  • 02 Oct Only tripleheader of century (Reds win 13-4, 7-3 then Pirates win 6-0)
  • 03 Oct Browns 1st baseman George Sisler gets his record 257th hit of season
  • 09 Oct 1st World Series game in Cleveland, Indians win 2-1
  • 10 Oct 1st Grandslam in WS (Smith) and 1st unassisted triple play (Wambsganss)
  • 12 Oct Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting New Jersey and New York City
  • 13 Oct World Series celebration in Wade Park brings out 50,000+ Clevelanders
  • 14 Oct Part of Petsamo Province is ceded by the Soviet Union to Finland.
  • 17 Oct Chicago Bears (as Decatur Staleys) play first NFL game, win 7-0.
  • 18 Oct Thousands of unemployed demonstrate in London 50 are injured.
  • 20 Oct 1st Year with Frank Craven premieres in New York City
  • 23 Oct Chicago grand jury indicts Abe Attell, Hal Chase, and Bill Burns as go-betweens in Black Sox World Series scandal
  • 25 Oct After 74 days on Hunger Strike in Brixton Prison, England, the Sinn Fein Lord Mayor of Cork, Terence MacSwiney died.
  • 26 Oct Álvaro Obregón is announced the elected president of Mexico.
  • 27 Oct League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva.
  • 29 Oct Ed Barrow appointed GM of New York Yankees
  • 30 Oct The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
  • 31 Oct Romania annexes Bessarabia
  • 01 Nov Warren Harding elected 29th President
  • 02 Nov Warren G Harding elected President.
  • 07 Nov Patriarch Tikhon issues a decree that leads to the formation of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia.
  • 08 Nov Actress Edna Lewis Thomas debuts at Putnam Theatre Brooklyn
  • 11 Nov The Unknown Warrior is buried in Westminster Abbey.
  • 12 Nov Judge Kennesaw Mountain Landis elected first baseball commissioner.
  • 15 Nov Free City of Danzig established under League of Nations protection.
  • 16 Nov 1st postage stamp meter is set in Stamford Conn
  • 17 Nov The council of the League of Nations accepts the constitution for the Free City of Danzig.
  • 18 Nov Apollo Theater (Academy, Bryant) opens at 221 W 42nd St, New York City
  • 20 Nov Nobel Peace Prize awarded to US President W Wilson
  • 21 Nov Irish War of Independence: In Dublin, 31 people are killed in what became known as ''Bloody Sunday''. This included fourteen British informants, fourteen Irish civilians and three Irish Republican Army prisoners.
  • 25 Nov 1st Thanksgiving Parade (Philadelphia)
  • 28 Nov Irish War of Independence: Kilmichael Ambush - The Irish Republican Army ambush a convoy of British Auxiliaries and kill seventeen.
  • 02 Dec Following more than a month of Turkish-Armenian War, the Turkish dictated Treaty of Alexandropol is concluded.
  • 03 Dec Turkey and Armenia agree to peace treaty.
  • 05 Dec Pro football playoff game Akron and Buffalo 0-0 tie, title undecided.
  • 07 Dec New South Wales make 802 against South Australia, then Mailey takes 8-81.
  • 11 Dec Martial law is declared in Ireland.
  • 12 Dec Maurice Ravels ballet "La Valse" premieres in Paris.
  • 13 Dec Netherlands breaks contact with kingdoms of Serbia, Croatia and Slavia.
  • 14 Dec Jack Dempsey KOs Bill Brennan in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 15 Dec December 22 ampndash The Brussels Conference establishes a timetable for German war reparations intended to extend for over 42 years.
  • 16 Dec The Haiyuan earthquake, magnitude 8.5, rocks the Gansu province in China, killing an estimated 200,000.
  • 17 Dec AL votes to let spitball pitchers to continue using it
  • 19 Dec King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander I of Greece and a plebiscite.
  • 20 Dec Bob Hope becomes an American citizen.
  • 22 Dec The GOELRO economic development plan is adopted by the 8th Congress of Soviets of the Russian SFSR.
  • 23 Dec Ireland divided into two parts, each with its own parliament.
  • 24 Dec Enrico Caruso gives his last public performance (New York City, New York).
  • 25 Dec The Rosicrucian Fellowship's spiritual healing temple ''The Ecclesia'' is founded at Mount Ecclesia, Oceanside, California.
  • 29 Dec The netherlands / Venezuela recover diplomatic relations