1930

The great depression was in full swing by 1930. Over 15 million Americans were without employment. At this period, European colonization of Africa and the Asian countries was at an all time high.

1930

In India, Mahatma Gandhi on March 12, 1930, started the salt march. It was his biggest civil disobedience to the colonial rule in India. This disobedience was after the British imposed a policy prohibiting Indians from collecting and selling salt, which was a staple ingredient in Indian cuisine. To access salt, the Indians had to buy it from the British. The colonialists arrested over 60,000 Indians and on May 5, the arrest of Gandhi could not deter the civil disobedience.

The World Cup, one of the most watched events in the world today, started after organizers of the 1932 Olympics dropped football from the program. The first World Cup football matches were in the host city Montevideo in Uruguay on July 13, 1930. In the first games, France defeated Mexico, and the USA beat Belgium 3-0. The Depression was raging in Europe and many European players snubbed the World Cup afraid to lose their day jobs.

The Ohio Penitentiary built in 1834, had already established a poor reputation by 1930. A cholera epidemic killed 121 convicts in 1849. A fire at the prison killed 320 inmates on April 21, 1930. The penitentiary had a capacity of 1,500 inmates, but at the time of the fire, the prison had 4,300 inmates. The fire was a result of scaffolding that had caught fire, and waders had refused to open the cells.

Ruth Wakefield of Toll House Inn invented the chocolate chip cookie, a favorite of many in 1930. It was the year that Pope Pius IX prohibited the use of artificial birth control on all the Roman Catholic faithful.

Discover how the world looked like in 1930

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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All Quiet on the Western Front

All Quiet on the Western Front

Directed by: Lewis Milestone

Starring: Lew Ayres, Louis Wolheim, John Wray, Arnold Lucy

Country: United States of America

Sweethearts on Parade

Sweethearts on Parade

Directed by: Marshall Neilan

Starring: Alice White, Lloyd Hughes, Marie Prevost, Kenneth Thomson

The Blue Angel

The Blue Angel

Directed by: Josef von Sternberg

Starring: Emil Jannings, Marlene Dietrich, Kurt Gerron, Rosa Valetti

Way Out West

Way Out West

Directed by: Fred Niblo

Starring: William Haines, Leila Hyams, Polly Moran, Cliff Edwards

City Girl

City Girl

Directed by: F.W. Murnau

Starring: Charles Farrell, Mary Duncan, David Torrence, Edith Yorke

Country: United States of America

vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1930?


Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1930 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1930?


Events

  • 01 Jan Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to 2nd lieutenant
  • 05 Jan Mao Tse-tung writes "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire".
  • 06 Jan The first diesel-engined automobile trip is completed, from Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York City.
  • 09 Jan Boston Bruins wins then NHL record 14th straight game
  • 10 Jan Maurice Allom takes cricket Test hat-trick England versus New Zealand at Christchurch.
  • 11 Jan At 12:00 PM, the first official theater-based Mickey Mouse Club begins, at the Fox Dome Theater in Ocean Park, California.
  • 13 Jan The first Mickey Mouse comic strip is published, in the New York Mirror newspaper in the USA. The strip is initially written by Walt Disney, and drawn by Ub Iwerks.
  • 15 Jan George Headley scores cricket century on debut versus England (made 176).
  • 18 Jan -27 degrees F (-33 degrees C), Watts, Oklahoma (state record low).
  • 20 Jan First radio broadcast of The Lone Ranger (WXYZ-Detroit).
  • 22 Jan -35 degrees F (-37 degrees C), Mount Carroll, Illinois (state record low).
  • 23 Jan WIS-AM (now WOMG) in Columbia SC begins radio transmissions
  • 26 Jan Cleveland's Terminal Tower opens (52 stories).
  • 31 Jan First US glider flight from a dirigible, Lakehurst, New Jersey.
  • 03 Feb William Howard Taft resigns as chief justice for health reasons.
  • 04 Feb First tieless, soundless, shockless streetcar tracks, New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • 05 Feb 5th Aliyah to Israel begins
  • 08 Feb Happy Days Are Here Again by Benny Mereoff hits #1
  • 10 Feb Grain Stabilization Corporation authorized by US Congress.
  • 15 Feb Weona beats Toluca in Illinois Basketball Tournament in ten overtimes.
  • 17 Feb French government of AndrT Tardieu falls.
  • 18 Feb Cow flown and milked, milk sealed in paper containers and parachuted
  • 20 Feb Capelle soccer team forms.
  • 25 Feb Check photographing device patented.
  • 26 Feb Green Pastures opens at Mansfield Theater
  • 27 Feb Bouvet Island declared a Norwegian dependency.
  • 02 Mar First US indoor glider flight, Saint Louis Terminal Building.
  • 04 Mar Emma Fahning bowls 1st sanctioned 300 game by a woman
  • 05 Mar Danish painter Einar Wegener goes through a sexual reassignment surgery and takes the name Lili Elbe.
  • 06 Mar Brooklyn's Clarence Birdseye develops a method for quick freezing food.
  • 07 Mar Georgetown High of Chicago defeats Homer 1-0 in basketball.
  • 08 Mar Babe Ruth signs two-year contract for $160,000 with New York Yankees general manager Ed Barrow; Barrow wrongly predicts "No one will ever be paid more than Ruth".
  • 11 Mar US President and Chief Justice William Taft buried in Arlington cemetary.
  • 12 Mar Stella Walsh sets record for the 220-yard dash (26.1 seconds).
  • 13 Mar Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory, USA.
  • 15 Mar First seaplane glider flown, at Port Washington, New York.
  • 16 Mar USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) floated out to become a national shrine.
  • 18 Mar Boston Bruins win record 20th NHL home game.
  • 19 Mar Nakagawa Soen accepted as a student of Katsube Keigaku Roshi
  • 20 Mar Clessie Cummins sets diesel engine speed record of 129.39 kph.
  • 23 Mar US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Maribel Vinson.
  • 24 Mar 1st religious services telecast in US (W2XBS NYC)
  • 26 Mar US Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway.
  • 27 Mar First US radio broadcast from a ship at sea.
  • 28 Mar Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara.
  • 30 Mar Babberich-H soccer team forms.
  • 31 Mar The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted in the United States, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in motion pictures for the next 40 years.
  • 01 Apr Blue Angel, starring unknown Marlene Dietrich, premieres in America
  • 02 Apr First New York-Bermuda airplane flight lands in Bermuda.
  • 03 Apr Ras Tafari becomes Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
  • 04 Apr The Communist Party of Panama is founded.
  • 05 Apr England out for 849 in cricket versus West Indies Kingston, Andrew Sandham out for 325.
  • 06 Apr Hostess Twinkies invented by bakery executive James Dewar.
  • 10 Apr George Headley scores 223 in cricket versus England at Kingston.
  • 17 Apr Abkhazian ASSR established in Georgian SSR.
  • 18 Apr BBC Radio announces that there is no news on that day.
  • 19 Apr 34th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar (his 7th win) of Massachusetts in 2:34:48.2.
  • 21 Apr Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322
  • 22 Apr The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.
  • 28 Apr The first night game in organized baseball history takes place in Independence, Kansas.
  • 29 Apr Telephone connection England-Australia goes into service.
  • 01 May Bradman scores 236 Aust vs. Worcs, his 1st f-class innings in Eng
  • 02 May Des Moines (Western League) defeats Wichita 13-6 in baseball to open first ballpark with permanently installed lights.
  • 04 May r May 5 ampndash Mahatma Gandhi is arrested again.
  • 05 May 1st woman to fly solo from Engl to Australia takes-off (Amy Johnson)
  • 06 May The Great Salmas Earthquake in Iran (7.3 on the Richter Scale) kills 4,000 people.
  • 07 May Duleepsinhji scores 333 in cricket for Sussex versus Northants in 330 minutes.
  • 09 May 56th Preakness: Earl Sande aboard Gallant Fox wins in 2:00.6.
  • 10 May Clarrie Grimmett takes 10 for 37 versus Yorkshire in cricket at Sheffield.
  • 12 May Pulitzer prize awarded to Marc Connelly (Green Pastures)
  • 13 May Only known fatality due to hail
  • 15 May Ellen Church becomes first airline stewardess, United Airlines (San Francisco to Cheyenne).
  • 16 May 6th Walker Cup: US 10-Great Britain/Ireland 2.
  • 17 May 56th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Gallant Fox wins in 2:07.6.
  • 19 May White woman win voting rights in South Africa.
  • 20 May University of California dedicates $1,500 to research on prevention and cure of athlete's foot.
  • 21 May New York Yankee Babe Ruth hits 3 consecutive homers
  • 22 May Ruth hits 3 consecutive HR (8th-10th of 60 in 1930)
  • 24 May 1st woman to fly from England to Australia solo, lands (Amy Johnson)
  • 26 May Joe Sewell, hardest to strike out, is struck out twice by Pat Caraway.
  • 27 May The Chrysler Building opens to the public in New York. At 1,046 feet tall, it is the tallest man-made structure in the world.
  • 28 May Georges Forbes succeeds Joseph Ward as premier of New Zealand.
  • 30 May Bill Arnold wins Indianapolis 500 car race (average 161.6 kph).
  • 31 May Building begins on Albert Canal in Belgium.
  • 01 Jun 6th French Mens Tennis: Henri Cochet beats Bill Tilden (36 86 63 61)
  • 02 Jun Sarah Dickson becomes 1st woman Presbyterian elder in US, Cincinnati
  • 03 Jun Grover Cleveland Alexander is released by the Phillies
  • 07 Jun 62nd Belmont: Earl Sande aboard Gallant Fox wins in 2:31.6
  • 09 Jun Paavo Nurmi runs world record 6 mile (29:36.4)
  • 10 Jun Winnipeg Rugby Football Club forms
  • 12 Jun 34th US Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 287 at Interlachen Country Club - Minnesota
  • 13 Jun 1st Nudist Colony opens
  • 14 Jun VVGZ soccer team forms in Zwijndrecht
  • 16 Jun Sovnarkom establishes decree time in the USSR.
  • 17 Jun Chuck Klein sets Phillies hitting streak at 26 straight games
  • 18 Jun Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute are held.
  • 20 Jun 65th British Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 291 at Hoylake Hoylake
  • 21 Jun Ruth hits 3 HRs as Yanks blow 6-0 lead in 7th and lose 15-7
  • 22 Jun Lou Gehrig hits three home runs in a game, Babe Ruth hits three in doubleheader.
  • 23 Jun Chicago Cubs beat Philadelphia Phillies 21-8.
  • 24 Jun Ground is broken for construction of Cleveland Stadium
  • 28 Jun 1st night game in Detroit at newly built Hamtramck Stadium as Negro League Detroit Stars take on Kansas City Monarchs
  • 30 Jun First round-the-world radio broadcast, Schenectady, New York.
  • 01 Jul Great-Britain signs accord for Independence of Iraq
  • 03 Jul Veterans Administration created
  • 04 Jul 43rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Elizabeth Ryan (62 62)
  • 05 Jul 50th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bill Tilden beats W Allison (63 97 64)
  • 07 Jul Construction of the Boulder Dam begins, in Boulder Canyon, Colorado.
  • 11 Jul Bradman scores 309 in a day vs. England at Leeds, goes on to 334
  • 12 Jul 34th US Golf Open: Robert T Bobby Jones wins
  • 13 Jul 1st-ever soccer World Cup competition began in Uruguay
  • 18 Jul SHO soccer team forms in Old Beijerland
  • 20 Jul 106 degrees F (41 degrees C), Washington, DC (district record high).
  • 21 Jul US Veterans Administration established.
  • 23 Jul Earthquake strikes Ariano Italy, 1,500 killed
  • 25 Jul Philadelphia Athletics triple steal in the first and fourth innings versus Cleveland Indians.
  • 26 Jul Charles Creighton and James Hargis of Missouri begin their return journey to Los Angeles, driving 11,555ampnbspkm using only a reverse gear the trip lasts the next 42 days.
  • 28 Jul 114 degrees F (46 degrees C), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record high).
  • 29 Jul Airship R100, 1st passenger-carrying flight from England to Canada
  • 30 Jul 1st broadcast of Death Valley Days on NBC-radio
  • 31 Jul Lou Gehrig grand slams as New York Yankees beat Boston Red Sox 14-13.
  • 04 Aug Child labor laws estralished in Belgium
  • 06 Aug Supreme Court Justice John Force Crater disappears in New York City
  • 07 Aug 2 black guys lynched in Marion Indiana
  • 08 Aug St. Louis Cardinals are 12 games back in NL, and go on to win pennant
  • 09 Aug Percy Williams runs world record 100m (10.3 seconds)
  • 12 Aug Turkish troops move into Persia to fight Kurdish insurgents.
  • 15 Aug President Herbert Hoover presents congressional gold medal to Colonel Charles A. Lindbergh.
  • 16 Aug The first color sound cartoon, called Fiddlesticks, is made by Ub Iwerks.
  • 18 Aug Eastern Airlines begins passenger service.
  • 20 Aug Dumont's first TV broadcast for home reception (New York City).
  • 21 Aug Prohibition of Wieringermeer finished
  • 23 Aug 44th US Womens Tennis: Betty Nuthall beats Anna McCune Harper (61 64)
  • 27 Aug A military junta takes over in Peru.
  • 29 Aug The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda are voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
  • 01 Sep New York World reports disappearance of Supreme Court Justice Joseph Crater
  • 02 Sep First non-stop airplane flight from Europe to US (37 hours).
  • 03 Sep Hurricane kills 2,000, injures 4,000 (Dominican Republic).
  • 04 Sep Cambridge Theater opens in London
  • 05 Sep The Mickey Mouse film The Chain Gang is released to theaters in the USA. This film debuts Pluto the dog, though he is not named.
  • 06 Sep Brooklyn Dodgers beat Philadelphia Phillies 22-8.
  • 08 Sep Richard Drew creates Scotch tape
  • 10 Sep Charles E Mitchell, named Minister to Liberia
  • 11 Sep Stomboli volcano (Sicily) throws 2-ton basaltic rocks two miles.
  • 12 Sep Wilfred Rhodes ends his 1110-game first-class career by taking 5 for 95 for H.D.G. Leveson Gower's XI against the Australians.
  • 13 Sep 50th US Mens Tennis: J H Doeg beats Francis Shields (10-8 16 64 16-14)
  • 14 Sep Detroit Lions (as Portsmouth Spartans) play 1st NFL game, win 13-6
  • 18 Sep Philadelphia Athletics win AL championship for 2nd year in a row
  • 20 Sep Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios.
  • 21 Sep Johann Ostermeyer patenta su invento, el flash.
  • 24 Sep Portsmouth beats Brooklyn in first NFL game played under floodlights.
  • 25 Sep Austrian government of Vaugoin forms
  • 27 Sep 34th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Bobby Jones
  • 29 Sep Bing Crosby marries Dixie Lee
  • 01 Oct Soccer team WHC forms
  • 05 Oct British Airship R101 crashes in France en-route to India on its maiden voyage.
  • 08 Oct Philadelphia Athletics beat Saint Louis Cardinals, four games to two in 27th World Series.
  • 09 Oct 1st transcontinental flight by a woman completed, Laura Ingalls
  • 10 Oct AP votes Joe Cronin unofficial AL MVP and BWA names Hack Wilson NL MVP
  • 14 Oct Ethel Mermans debuts on Broadway in Girl Crazy
  • 18 Oct Joseph Sylvester becomes first jockey to win 7 races in one day.
  • 20 Oct Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, premiers on NBC radio
  • 22 Oct 1st concerto of BBC Symphony Orchestra, under Adrian Boult
  • 24 Oct A bloodless coup d'etat in Brazil ousts Washington Luis Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getulio Dornelles Vargas is then installed as ''provisional president.''
  • 25 Oct First scheduled transcontinental air service begins.
  • 27 Oct ratifications exchanged in London on the first London Naval Treaty signed in April modifying the Washington Naval Treaty of 1925. Its arms limitation provisions go into effect immediately, hence putting more limits on the expensive naval arms race between its five signatories (the United Kingdom, the United States, the Japanese Empire, France, and Italy.)
  • 29 Oct 1st Eastern Canada night CF game: Oshawa vs. Toronto Balmy Beach
  • 30 Oct Turkey and Greece sign a treaty of friendship.
  • 02 Nov Ras Tafari crowned Haile Selassie I, 225th emperor of Solmonic Dynasty.
  • 03 Nov First US vehicular tunnel to a foreign country (Detroit-to-Windsor, Canada) opens.
  • 05 Nov Nobel for literature awarded to Sinclair Lewis for Babbitt
  • 09 Nov First nonstop airplane flight from New York to Panama.
  • 17 Nov Musical Sweet & Low with Fanny Brice premieres in New York City
  • 18 Nov Musical Smiles with Bob Hope / Fred Astaire premieres in New York City
  • 19 Nov Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow commit their first robbery, the first in a long series of robberies and other criminal acts.
  • 22 Nov 1st Irish Sweepstake run
  • 23 Nov New York Giants' Hap Moran runs 91 yards for a touchdown from a scrimmage.
  • 24 Nov 1st woman pilot on a transcontinental air flight Miss Ruth Nichols (Mineola, New York to California), in a Lockheed-Vega, took 7 days
  • 25 Nov Sporting News picks Bill Terry as NL MVP and Joe Cronin as AL MVP
  • 01 Dec Ruth Nichols becomes 1st woman pilot to cross continent
  • 02 Dec Great Depression: US President Herbert Hoover goes before the United States Congress and asks for a US$150 million public works program to help generate jobs and stimulate the economy.
  • 03 Dec Air-borne chemicals combine with fog to kill 60 (Meuse Valley, Belgium).
  • 04 Dec French government of AndrT Tardieu falls.
  • 06 Dec Pablo Neruda marries Marie A Hagenaar Vogelzang in Batavia
  • 07 Dec 13th PGA Championship: Tommy Armour at Fresh Meadows CC Flushing.
  • 08 Dec Broadway Theater opens at 1681 Broadway, New York City, New York.
  • 11 Dec Bank of the United States opens in New York City, New York.
  • 12 Dec Baseball changes rule, ball bounces into stands not a HR, now a double
  • 13 Dec Theodore Steeg forms French government.
  • 14 Dec New York Giants defeat Notre Dame 22-0 in a charity game.
  • 16 Dec Golfer Bobby Jones wins James E Sullivan Award.
  • 19 Dec James Weldon Johnson resigns as executive secretary of NAACP.
  • 23 Dec Bette Davis arrives in Hollywood under contract to Universal Studios
  • 24 Dec Bandung, Java: ir Sukarno 4 years jail sentenced
  • 25 Dec 1st US bobsled run open to public (Lake Placid, NY)
  • 28 Dec Mahatma Gandhi leaves India enroute to Britain for freedom negotiations.
  • 29 Dec Fred P Newton completes longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam in the Mississippi River from Ford Dam, Minnesota, to New Orleans, Louisiana.
  • 31 Dec Pontifical encyclical Casti connubii against mixed marriages