The great depression was in full swing by 1930. Over 15 million Americans were without employment. At this period, European colonization of Africa and the Asian countries was at an all time high.
In India, Mahatma Gandhi on March 12, 1930, started the salt march. It was his biggest civil disobedience to the colonial rule in India. This disobedience was after the British imposed a policy prohibiting Indians from collecting and selling salt, which was a staple ingredient in Indian cuisine. To access salt, the Indians had to buy it from the British. The colonialists arrested over 60,000 Indians and on May 5, the arrest of Gandhi could not deter the civil disobedience.
The World Cup, one of the most watched events in the world today, started after organizers of the 1932 Olympics dropped football from the program. The first World Cup football matches were in the host city Montevideo in Uruguay on July 13, 1930. In the first games, France defeated Mexico, and the USA beat Belgium 3-0. The Depression was raging in Europe and many European players snubbed the World Cup afraid to lose their day jobs.
The Ohio Penitentiary built in 1834, had already established a poor reputation by 1930. A cholera epidemic killed 121 convicts in 1849. A fire at the prison killed 320 inmates on April 21, 1930. The penitentiary had a capacity of 1,500 inmates, but at the time of the fire, the prison had 4,300 inmates. The fire was a result of scaffolding that had caught fire, and waders had refused to open the cells.
Ruth Wakefield of Toll House Inn invented the chocolate chip cookie, a favorite of many in 1930. It was the year that Pope Pius IX prohibited the use of artificial birth control on all the Roman Catholic faithful.
All Academy Awards Prize winners of the 3rd edition of the Oscar ceremony
All Quiet on the Western Front
Best supporting actor
Best supporting actress
Time Person of the Year
Who was the person of the year of 1930?
All Nobel Prize winners of 1930
- Nathan Söderblom
- Sinclair Lewis
- C. V. Raman
- Hans Fischer
Physiology or Medicine
- Karl Landsteiner
Which were the top hits of 1930?
Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Which were the important events of 1930?
- 01 Jan 1930 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to 2nd lieutenant
- 05 Jan 1930 Mao Tse-tung writes "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire".
- 06 Jan 1930 The first diesel-engined automobile trip is completed, from Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York City.
- 09 Jan 1930 Boston Bruins wins then NHL record 14th straight game
- 10 Jan 1930 Maurice Allom takes cricket Test hat-trick England versus New Zealand at Christchurch.
- 11 Jan 1930 At 12:00 PM, the first official theater-based Mickey Mouse Club begins, at the Fox Dome Theater in Ocean Park, California.
- 13 Jan 1930 The first Mickey Mouse comic strip is published, in the New York Mirror newspaper in the USA. The strip is initially written by Walt Disney, and drawn by Ub Iwerks.
- 15 Jan 1930 George Headley scores cricket century on debut versus England (made 176).
- 18 Jan 1930 -27 degrees F (-33 degrees C), Watts, Oklahoma (state record low).
- 20 Jan 1930 First radio broadcast of The Lone Ranger (WXYZ-Detroit).
- 22 Jan 1930 -35 degrees F (-37 degrees C), Mount Carroll, Illinois (state record low).
- 23 Jan 1930 WIS-AM (now WOMG) in Columbia SC begins radio transmissions
- 26 Jan 1930 Cleveland's Terminal Tower opens (52 stories).
- 31 Jan 1930 First US glider flight from a dirigible, Lakehurst, New Jersey.
- 03 Feb 1930 William Howard Taft resigns as chief justice for health reasons.
- 04 Feb 1930 First tieless, soundless, shockless streetcar tracks, New Orleans, Louisiana.
- 05 Feb 1930 5th Aliyah to Israel begins
- 08 Feb 1930 Happy Days Are Here Again by Benny Mereoff hits #1
- 10 Feb 1930 Grain Stabilization Corporation authorized by US Congress.
- 15 Feb 1930 Weona beats Toluca in Illinois Basketball Tournament in ten overtimes.
- 17 Feb 1930 French government of AndrT Tardieu falls.
- 18 Feb 1930 Cow flown and milked, milk sealed in paper containers and parachuted
- 20 Feb 1930 Capelle soccer team forms.
- 25 Feb 1930 Check photographing device patented.
- 26 Feb 1930 Green Pastures opens at Mansfield Theater
- 27 Feb 1930 Bouvet Island declared a Norwegian dependency.
- 02 Mar 1930 First US indoor glider flight, Saint Louis Terminal Building.
- 04 Mar 1930 Emma Fahning bowls 1st sanctioned 300 game by a woman
- 05 Mar 1930 Danish painter Einar Wegener goes through a sexual reassignment surgery and takes the name Lili Elbe.
- 06 Mar 1930 Brooklyn's Clarence Birdseye develops a method for quick freezing food.
- 07 Mar 1930 Georgetown High of Chicago defeats Homer 1-0 in basketball.
- 08 Mar 1930 Babe Ruth signs two-year contract for $160,000 with New York Yankees general manager Ed Barrow; Barrow wrongly predicts "No one will ever be paid more than Ruth".
- 11 Mar 1930 US President and Chief Justice William Taft buried in Arlington cemetary.
- 12 Mar 1930 Stella Walsh sets record for the 220-yard dash (26.1 seconds).
- 13 Mar 1930 Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory, USA.
- 15 Mar 1930 First seaplane glider flown, at Port Washington, New York.
- 16 Mar 1930 USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) floated out to become a national shrine.
- 18 Mar 1930 Boston Bruins win record 20th NHL home game.
- 19 Mar 1930 Nakagawa Soen accepted as a student of Katsube Keigaku Roshi
- 20 Mar 1930 Clessie Cummins sets diesel engine speed record of 129.39 kph.
- 23 Mar 1930 US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Maribel Vinson.
- 24 Mar 1930 1st religious services telecast in US (W2XBS NYC)
- 26 Mar 1930 US Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway.
- 27 Mar 1930 First US radio broadcast from a ship at sea.
- 28 Mar 1930 Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara.
- 30 Mar 1930 Babberich-H soccer team forms.
- 31 Mar 1930 The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted in the United States, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in motion pictures for the next 40 years.
- 01 Apr 1930 Blue Angel, starring unknown Marlene Dietrich, premieres in America
- 02 Apr 1930 First New York-Bermuda airplane flight lands in Bermuda.
- 03 Apr 1930 Ras Tafari becomes Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia).
- 04 Apr 1930 The Communist Party of Panama is founded.
- 05 Apr 1930 England out for 849 in cricket versus West Indies Kingston, Andrew Sandham out for 325.
- 06 Apr 1930 Hostess Twinkies invented by bakery executive James Dewar.
- 10 Apr 1930 George Headley scores 223 in cricket versus England at Kingston.
- 17 Apr 1930 Abkhazian ASSR established in Georgian SSR.
- 18 Apr 1930 BBC Radio announces that there is no news on that day.
- 19 Apr 1930 34th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar (his 7th win) of Massachusetts in 2:34:48.2.
- 21 Apr 1930 Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322
- 22 Apr 1930 The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.
- 28 Apr 1930 The first night game in organized baseball history takes place in Independence, Kansas.
- 29 Apr 1930 Telephone connection England-Australia goes into service.
- 01 May 1930 Bradman scores 236 Aust vs. Worcs, his 1st f-class innings in Eng
- 02 May 1930 Des Moines (Western League) defeats Wichita 13-6 in baseball to open first ballpark with permanently installed lights.
- 04 May 1930 r May 5 ampndash Mahatma Gandhi is arrested again.
- 05 May 1930 1st woman to fly solo from Engl to Australia takes-off (Amy Johnson)
- 06 May 1930 The Great Salmas Earthquake in Iran (7.3 on the Richter Scale) kills 4,000 people.
- 07 May 1930 Duleepsinhji scores 333 in cricket for Sussex versus Northants in 330 minutes.
- 09 May 1930 56th Preakness: Earl Sande aboard Gallant Fox wins in 2:00.6.
- 10 May 1930 Clarrie Grimmett takes 10 for 37 versus Yorkshire in cricket at Sheffield.
- 12 May 1930 Pulitzer prize awarded to Marc Connelly (Green Pastures)
- 13 May 1930 Only known fatality due to hail
- 15 May 1930 Ellen Church becomes first airline stewardess, United Airlines (San Francisco to Cheyenne).
- 16 May 1930 6th Walker Cup: US 10-Great Britain/Ireland 2.
- 17 May 1930 56th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Gallant Fox wins in 2:07.6.
- 19 May 1930 White woman win voting rights in South Africa.
- 20 May 1930 University of California dedicates $1,500 to research on prevention and cure of athlete's foot.
- 21 May 1930 New York Yankee Babe Ruth hits 3 consecutive homers
- 22 May 1930 Ruth hits 3 consecutive HR (8th-10th of 60 in 1930)
- 24 May 1930 1st woman to fly from England to Australia solo, lands (Amy Johnson)
- 26 May 1930 Joe Sewell, hardest to strike out, is struck out twice by Pat Caraway.
- 27 May 1930 The Chrysler Building opens to the public in New York. At 1,046 feet tall, it is the tallest man-made structure in the world.
- 28 May 1930 Georges Forbes succeeds Joseph Ward as premier of New Zealand.
- 30 May 1930 Bill Arnold wins Indianapolis 500 car race (average 161.6 kph).
- 31 May 1930 Building begins on Albert Canal in Belgium.
- 01 Jun 1930 6th French Mens Tennis: Henri Cochet beats Bill Tilden (36 86 63 61)
- 02 Jun 1930 Sarah Dickson becomes 1st woman Presbyterian elder in US, Cincinnati
- 03 Jun 1930 Grover Cleveland Alexander is released by the Phillies
- 07 Jun 1930 62nd Belmont: Earl Sande aboard Gallant Fox wins in 2:31.6
- 09 Jun 1930 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 6 mile (29:36.4)
- 10 Jun 1930 Winnipeg Rugby Football Club forms
- 12 Jun 1930 34th US Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 287 at Interlachen Country Club - Minnesota
- 13 Jun 1930 1st Nudist Colony opens
- 14 Jun 1930 VVGZ soccer team forms in Zwijndrecht
- 16 Jun 1930 Sovnarkom establishes decree time in the USSR.
- 17 Jun 1930 Chuck Klein sets Phillies hitting streak at 26 straight games
- 18 Jun 1930 Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Franklin Institute are held.
- 20 Jun 1930 65th British Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 291 at Hoylake Hoylake
- 21 Jun 1930 Ruth hits 3 HRs as Yanks blow 6-0 lead in 7th and lose 15-7
- 22 Jun 1930 Lou Gehrig hits three home runs in a game, Babe Ruth hits three in doubleheader.
- 23 Jun 1930 Chicago Cubs beat Philadelphia Phillies 21-8.
- 24 Jun 1930 Ground is broken for construction of Cleveland Stadium
- 28 Jun 1930 1st night game in Detroit at newly built Hamtramck Stadium as Negro League Detroit Stars take on Kansas City Monarchs
- 30 Jun 1930 First round-the-world radio broadcast, Schenectady, New York.
- 01 Jul 1930 Great-Britain signs accord for Independence of Iraq
- 03 Jul 1930 Veterans Administration created
- 04 Jul 1930 43rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Elizabeth Ryan (62 62)
- 05 Jul 1930 50th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bill Tilden beats W Allison (63 97 64)
- 07 Jul 1930 Construction of the Boulder Dam begins, in Boulder Canyon, Colorado.
- 11 Jul 1930 Bradman scores 309 in a day vs. England at Leeds, goes on to 334
- 12 Jul 1930 34th US Golf Open: Robert T Bobby Jones wins
- 13 Jul 1930 1st-ever soccer World Cup competition began in Uruguay
- 18 Jul 1930 SHO soccer team forms in Old Beijerland
- 20 Jul 1930 106 degrees F (41 degrees C), Washington, DC (district record high).
- 21 Jul 1930 US Veterans Administration established.
- 23 Jul 1930 Earthquake strikes Ariano Italy, 1,500 killed
- 25 Jul 1930 Philadelphia Athletics triple steal in the first and fourth innings versus Cleveland Indians.
- 26 Jul 1930 Charles Creighton and James Hargis of Missouri begin their return journey to Los Angeles, driving 11,555ampnbspkm using only a reverse gear the trip lasts the next 42 days.
- 28 Jul 1930 114 degrees F (46 degrees C), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record high).
- 29 Jul 1930 Airship R100, 1st passenger-carrying flight from England to Canada
- 30 Jul 1930 1st broadcast of Death Valley Days on NBC-radio
- 31 Jul 1930 Lou Gehrig grand slams as New York Yankees beat Boston Red Sox 14-13.
- 04 Aug 1930 Child labor laws estralished in Belgium
- 06 Aug 1930 Supreme Court Justice John Force Crater disappears in New York City
- 07 Aug 1930 2 black guys lynched in Marion Indiana
- 08 Aug 1930 St. Louis Cardinals are 12 games back in NL, and go on to win pennant
- 09 Aug 1930 Percy Williams runs world record 100m (10.3 seconds)
- 12 Aug 1930 Turkish troops move into Persia to fight Kurdish insurgents.
- 15 Aug 1930 President Herbert Hoover presents congressional gold medal to Colonel Charles A. Lindbergh.
- 16 Aug 1930 The first color sound cartoon, called Fiddlesticks, is made by Ub Iwerks.
- 18 Aug 1930 Eastern Airlines begins passenger service.
- 20 Aug 1930 Dumont's first TV broadcast for home reception (New York City).
- 21 Aug 1930 Prohibition of Wieringermeer finished
- 23 Aug 1930 44th US Womens Tennis: Betty Nuthall beats Anna McCune Harper (61 64)
- 27 Aug 1930 A military junta takes over in Peru.
- 29 Aug 1930 The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda are voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
- 01 Sep 1930 New York World reports disappearance of Supreme Court Justice Joseph Crater
- 02 Sep 1930 First non-stop airplane flight from Europe to US (37 hours).
- 03 Sep 1930 Hurricane kills 2,000, injures 4,000 (Dominican Republic).
- 04 Sep 1930 Cambridge Theater opens in London
- 05 Sep 1930 The Mickey Mouse film The Chain Gang is released to theaters in the USA. This film debuts Pluto the dog, though he is not named.
- 06 Sep 1930 Brooklyn Dodgers beat Philadelphia Phillies 22-8.
- 08 Sep 1930 Richard Drew creates Scotch tape
- 10 Sep 1930 Charles E Mitchell, named Minister to Liberia
- 11 Sep 1930 Stomboli volcano (Sicily) throws 2-ton basaltic rocks two miles.
- 12 Sep 1930 Wilfred Rhodes ends his 1110-game first-class career by taking 5 for 95 for H.D.G. Leveson Gower's XI against the Australians.
- 13 Sep 1930 50th US Mens Tennis: J H Doeg beats Francis Shields (10-8 16 64 16-14)
- 14 Sep 1930 Detroit Lions (as Portsmouth Spartans) play 1st NFL game, win 13-6
- 18 Sep 1930 Philadelphia Athletics win AL championship for 2nd year in a row
- 20 Sep 1930 Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios.
- 21 Sep 1930 Johann Ostermeyer patenta su invento, el flash.
- 24 Sep 1930 Portsmouth beats Brooklyn in first NFL game played under floodlights.
- 25 Sep 1930 Austrian government of Vaugoin forms
- 27 Sep 1930 34th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Bobby Jones
- 29 Sep 1930 Bing Crosby marries Dixie Lee
- 01 Oct 1930 Soccer team WHC forms
- 05 Oct 1930 British Airship R101 crashes in France en-route to India on its maiden voyage.
- 08 Oct 1930 Philadelphia Athletics beat Saint Louis Cardinals, four games to two in 27th World Series.
- 09 Oct 1930 1st transcontinental flight by a woman completed, Laura Ingalls
- 10 Oct 1930 AP votes Joe Cronin unofficial AL MVP and BWA names Hack Wilson NL MVP
- 14 Oct 1930 Ethel Mermans debuts on Broadway in Girl Crazy
- 18 Oct 1930 Joseph Sylvester becomes first jockey to win 7 races in one day.
- 20 Oct 1930 Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, premiers on NBC radio
- 22 Oct 1930 1st concerto of BBC Symphony Orchestra, under Adrian Boult
- 24 Oct 1930 A bloodless coup d'etat in Brazil ousts Washington Luis Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getulio Dornelles Vargas is then installed as ''provisional president.''
- 25 Oct 1930 First scheduled transcontinental air service begins.
- 27 Oct 1930 ratifications exchanged in London on the first London Naval Treaty signed in April modifying the Washington Naval Treaty of 1925. Its arms limitation provisions go into effect immediately, hence putting more limits on the expensive naval arms race between its five signatories (the United Kingdom, the United States, the Japanese Empire, France, and Italy.)
- 29 Oct 1930 1st Eastern Canada night CF game: Oshawa vs. Toronto Balmy Beach
- 30 Oct 1930 Turkey and Greece sign a treaty of friendship.
- 02 Nov 1930 Ras Tafari crowned Haile Selassie I, 225th emperor of Solmonic Dynasty.
- 03 Nov 1930 First US vehicular tunnel to a foreign country (Detroit-to-Windsor, Canada) opens.
- 05 Nov 1930 Nobel for literature awarded to Sinclair Lewis for Babbitt
- 09 Nov 1930 First nonstop airplane flight from New York to Panama.
- 17 Nov 1930 Musical Sweet & Low with Fanny Brice premieres in New York City
- 18 Nov 1930 Musical Smiles with Bob Hope / Fred Astaire premieres in New York City
- 19 Nov 1930 Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow commit their first robbery, the first in a long series of robberies and other criminal acts.
- 22 Nov 1930 1st Irish Sweepstake run
- 23 Nov 1930 New York Giants' Hap Moran runs 91 yards for a touchdown from a scrimmage.
- 24 Nov 1930 1st woman pilot on a transcontinental air flight Miss Ruth Nichols (Mineola, New York to California), in a Lockheed-Vega, took 7 days
- 25 Nov 1930 Sporting News picks Bill Terry as NL MVP and Joe Cronin as AL MVP
- 01 Dec 1930 Ruth Nichols becomes 1st woman pilot to cross continent
- 02 Dec 1930 Great Depression: US President Herbert Hoover goes before the United States Congress and asks for a US$150 million public works program to help generate jobs and stimulate the economy.
- 03 Dec 1930 Air-borne chemicals combine with fog to kill 60 (Meuse Valley, Belgium).
- 04 Dec 1930 French government of AndrT Tardieu falls.
- 06 Dec 1930 Pablo Neruda marries Marie A Hagenaar Vogelzang in Batavia
- 07 Dec 1930 13th PGA Championship: Tommy Armour at Fresh Meadows CC Flushing.
- 08 Dec 1930 Broadway Theater opens at 1681 Broadway, New York City, New York.
- 11 Dec 1930 Bank of the United States opens in New York City, New York.
- 12 Dec 1930 Baseball changes rule, ball bounces into stands not a HR, now a double
- 13 Dec 1930 Theodore Steeg forms French government.
- 14 Dec 1930 New York Giants defeat Notre Dame 22-0 in a charity game.
- 16 Dec 1930 Golfer Bobby Jones wins James E Sullivan Award.
- 19 Dec 1930 James Weldon Johnson resigns as executive secretary of NAACP.
- 23 Dec 1930 Bette Davis arrives in Hollywood under contract to Universal Studios
- 24 Dec 1930 Bandung, Java: ir Sukarno 4 years jail sentenced
- 25 Dec 1930 1st US bobsled run open to public (Lake Placid, NY)
- 28 Dec 1930 Mahatma Gandhi leaves India enroute to Britain for freedom negotiations.
- 29 Dec 1930 Fred P Newton completes longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam in the Mississippi River from Ford Dam, Minnesota, to New Orleans, Louisiana.
- 31 Dec 1930 Pontifical encyclical Casti connubii against mixed marriages