All Quiet on the Western Front
Directed by: Lewis Milestone
Starring: Lew Ayres, Louis Wolheim, John Wray, Arnold Lucy
Country: United States of America
The great depression was in full swing by 1930. Over 15 million Americans were without employment. At this period, European colonization of Africa and the Asian countries was at an all time high.
In India, Mahatma Gandhi on March 12, 1930, started the salt march. It was his biggest civil disobedience to the colonial rule in India. This disobedience was after the British imposed a policy prohibiting Indians from collecting and selling salt, which was a staple ingredient in Indian cuisine. To access salt, the Indians had to buy it from the British. The colonialists arrested over 60,000 Indians and on May 5, the arrest of Gandhi could not deter the civil disobedience.
The World Cup, one of the most watched events in the world today, started after organizers of the 1932 Olympics dropped football from the program. The first World Cup football matches were in the host city Montevideo in Uruguay on July 13, 1930. In the first games, France defeated Mexico, and the USA beat Belgium 3-0. The Depression was raging in Europe and many European players snubbed the World Cup afraid to lose their day jobs.
The Ohio Penitentiary built in 1834, had already established a poor reputation by 1930. A cholera epidemic killed 121 convicts in 1849. A fire at the prison killed 320 inmates on April 21, 1930. The penitentiary had a capacity of 1,500 inmates, but at the time of the fire, the prison had 4,300 inmates. The fire was a result of scaffolding that had caught fire, and waders had refused to open the cells.
Ruth Wakefield of Toll House Inn invented the chocolate chip cookie, a favorite of many in 1930. It was the year that Pope Pius IX prohibited the use of artificial birth control on all the Roman Catholic faithful.
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