1924

1924 opens with the death of Soviet leader Lenin on January 21st. His successor Joseph Stalin begins a series of political purges that’ll ensure his total dominance within the hierarchy of the Soviet Union, a post he held for 30 years.

1924

Stalin would go on to become one of the most influential political figures of the 20th century.

In the United Kingdom, Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister on January 22nd, heralding the party’s political importance in decades to come.

The year also marks the abolishment of the 1400-year-old Islamic Caliphate in Turkey. All the while, the international community is trying to deal with the issues around war reparations from Germany after World War I. 1924 was a big year for the United States.

President Calvin Coolidge became the first President to deliver a radio address from the White House on February 22nd and, on June 2nd, signed the Indian Citizenship Act into law. He was re-elected for a second term in November. J. Edgar Hoover is appointed head of the Bureau of Investigation, which became the famous Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) under his leadership. Finally, Nellie Taylor-Ross of Wyoming became the first woman elected governor.

In sports, France held both the Winter and Summer Olympics, in Chamonix and Paris, respectively. In the arts, George Gershwin’s Rhapsody in Blue was performed for the first time at New York City’s Aeolian Hall and French author André Breton published the first Surrealist Manifesto. In science, astronomer Edwin Hubble (after whom the Hubble Space Telescope is named) discovers that Andromeda is in fact a galaxy, as opposed to a nebula.

Notable births in 1934 include American actor Marlon Brando, Armenian-French singer Charles Aznavour, American conservative icon Phyllis Schlafly and former U.S. President and Nobel Peace Prize Recipient Jimmy Carter.

Discover how the world looked like in 1924

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1924


Literature

  • Władysław Reymont

Physics

  • Manne Siegbahn

Physiology or Medicine

  • Willem Einthoven
vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1924?


Top #1 songs in the USA

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

Sherlock Jr.

Sherlock Jr.

Directed by: Buster Keaton

Starring: Buster Keaton, Kathryn McGuire, Joe Keaton, Erwin Connelly

Country: United States of America

The Last Laugh

The Last Laugh

Directed by: F.W. Murnau

Starring: Emil Jannings, Maly Delschaft, Max Hiller, Emilie Kurz

Country: United States of America

Manhandled

Manhandled

Directed by: Allan Dwan

Starring: Gloria Swanson, Tom Moore, Lilyan Tashman, Ian Keith

Country: United States of America

The Thief of Bagdad

The Thief of Bagdad

Directed by: Raoul Walsh

Starring: Douglas Fairbanks, Julanne Johnston, Snitz Edwards, Charles Belcher

Country: United States of America

Kriemhild's Revenge

Kriemhild's Revenge

Directed by: Fritz Lang

Starring: Margarete Schön, Gertrud Arnold, Theodor Loos, Hans Carl Mueller

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1924 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1924?


Events

  • 03 Jan British egyptologist Howard Carter finds sarcophagus of Tutankhamun
  • 10 Jan The British submarine ''L-24'' sinks in the English Channel 43 are killed.
  • 12 Jan History of Science Society organized at Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
  • 13 Jan Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections.
  • 14 Jan Allies direct Fiume (Rijeka) in Italy.
  • 16 Jan Eleftherios Venizelos becomes Prime Minister of Greece for the fourth time.
  • 22 Jan KGO-AM in San Francisco CA begins radio transmissions
  • 23 Jan Ramsey MacDonald forms first Labour government in Britain.
  • 24 Jan Russian city of Saint Petersburg is renamed Leningrad.
  • 25 Jan 1st Winter Olympic games open in Chamonix, France
  • 26 Jan Charles Jewtraw, US 500m skater, takes first Winter Olympics gold medal.
  • 27 Jan Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square
  • 29 Jan Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland, Ohio.
  • 01 Feb Soccer team VSV Tonido forms in Voorburg
  • 02 Feb International Ski Federation (FIS) founded.
  • 04 Feb 1st Winter Olympic games close at Chamonix France
  • 05 Feb The Royal Greenwich Observatory begins broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal or the ''BBC pips''.
  • 07 Feb Death penalty: The first state execution using gas in the United States takes place in Nevada.
  • 08 Feb US mobster Gee John is first executed in gas chamber, in Nevada.
  • 09 Feb Nakhichevan ASSR constituted within Azerbaijan SSR.
  • 10 Feb Bucky Harris, 27, becomes youngest baseball manager (Washington Senators).
  • 12 Feb President Calvin Coolidge makes 1st presidential radio speech
  • 14 Feb IBM Corporation founded by Thomas Watson
  • 16 Feb February 26 ampndash Dock strikes break out in various U.S. harbors.
  • 17 Feb Johnny Weissmuller sets 100-yard freestyle record (52.4 seconds).
  • 18 Feb US Minister of Marine Edwin Denby ends term due to Teapot Dome-scandal.
  • 22 Feb 1st presidential radio address (Calvin Coolidge)
  • 24 Feb Johnny Weissmuller swims 100-metre record (57.4 seconds).
  • 25 Feb Marie Boyd scores 156 points in Maryland High School basketball game (163-3).
  • 26 Feb Trial against Hitler in Munich begins
  • 28 Feb US begins intervention in Honduras.
  • 03 Mar German and Turkish friendship / trade treaty signed
  • 05 Mar King Hussein of Hedzjaz appoints himself kalief.
  • 06 Mar British Labour government cuts military budget.
  • 08 Mar The Castle Gate mine disaster kills 172 coal miners near Castle Gate, Utah.
  • 11 Mar NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens sweep Ottawa Senators in two games.
  • 13 Mar German Republic day
  • 16 Mar In accordance with the Treaty of Rome, Fiume became annexed as part of Italy.
  • 17 Mar Netherlands and the USSR begin talks over USSR recognition
  • 20 Mar Finnair begins scheduled flight of Helsinki-Tallinn.
  • 21 Mar Mass Investors Trust becomes first mutual fund set up in US.
  • 24 Mar Greece becomes a republic.
  • 25 Mar Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens (NHL) sweep Calgary Tigers (WCHL) in two games (second of 1924).
  • 27 Mar Canada recognizes USSR.
  • 28 Mar WGN-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
  • 29 Mar Bayern and Vatican reach accord.
  • 31 Mar Croydon Airport: 1st British mig aircraft Imperial established
  • 01 Apr Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but General Ludendorff acquitted
  • 06 Apr 4 planes leave Seattle on 1st successful around-the-world flight
  • 10 Apr Tubular steel golf club shafts approved for championship play.
  • 11 Apr WLS-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
  • 13 Apr Greek plebiscite for a republic.
  • 15 Apr WHO-AM in Des Moines Iowa begins radio transmissions
  • 16 Apr Child labor laws strengthened in Holland.
  • 17 Apr Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures and Louis B Mayer Co merged to form MGM
  • 18 Apr First crossword puzzle book published (in USA by Simon and Schuster).
  • 19 Apr National Barn Dance premieres on WLS Chicago
  • 22 Apr Hague Chambers of Commerce forms, Netherlands.
  • 23 Apr British Empire Exhibition opens at Wembley.
  • 26 Apr Harry Grindell Matthews demonstrates his quotdeath rayquot in London but fails to convince the British War Office.
  • 27 Apr Antwerp soccer tie Belgium-Netherlands 1-1
  • 28 Apr 119 die in Benwood, West Virginia, USA coal mine disaster.
  • 02 May Netherlands refuses to recognize USSR.
  • 03 May Aleph Zadik Aleph is formed in Omaha, Nebraska
  • 04 May 8th Olympic games open at Paris, France
  • 05 May Unions terminate Twentse textile strike
  • 07 May Peruvian Torre forms 004A, Alianza Popular Revolutionaria Americana.
  • 08 May Workers at Werkspoor in Amsterdam strike against third wage cut.
  • 10 May J Edgar Hoover appointed head of the FBI.
  • 11 May Pulitzer Prize awarded to Robert Frost (New Hampshire)
  • 12 May 7th PGA Championship: Walter Hagen at French Lick Country Club - Indiana
  • 17 May 50th Kentucky Derby: John Mooney aboard Black Gold wins in 2:05.2.
  • 21 May Leopold and Loeb kidnap Bobby Franks for fun
  • 22 May In Chicago, Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb kidnap Robert Franks
  • 24 May The Immigration Act of 1924 was signed into law in the United States, including the Asian Exclusion Act.
  • 26 May US President Calvin Coolidge signs Immigration Law (restricting immigration).
  • 29 May AEK Athens FC is established on the anniversary of the siege of Constantinople by the Turks.
  • 30 May Socialist Matteotti falls in Italian parliament by fascists
  • 31 May The Soviet Union signs an agreement with the Peking government, referring to Outer Mongolia as an ''integral part of the Republic of China'', whose ''sovereignty'' therein the Soviet Union promises to respect.
  • 01 Jun Harry Grindell Matthews returns from Paris to London he tries to use a ''Pathé'' film to demonstrate that his death ray works.
  • 02 Jun Snyder Act: US citizenship granted to all American Indians
  • 03 Jun Gila Wilderness Area established by US Forest Service.
  • 06 Jun 28th US Golf Open: Cyril Walker shoots a 297 at Oakland Hills Country Club - Michigan
  • 07 Jun 56th Belmont: Earl Sande aboard Mad Play wins in 2:18.8
  • 08 Jun George Mallory and Andrew Irvine are last seen quotgoing strong for the topquot of Mount Everest by teammate Noel Odell at 12:50ampnbspP.M. The two mountaineers are never seen alive again.
  • 09 Jun Jelly-Roll Blues, is recorded by blues great, Jelly Roll Morton
  • 10 Jun First political convention broadcast on radio: Republicans at Cleveland, Ohio.
  • 11 Jun Bene Brak Palestine founded
  • 12 Jun Rondout Heist: Six men of the Egan's Rats gang rob a mail train in Rondout, Illinois the robbery is later found to have been an inside job.
  • 13 Jun Bene Berak Palestine founded
  • 14 Jun WOKO-AM radio begins transmitting from Albany, New York
  • 15 Jun 1st transmission of radio Bloemendaal
  • 16 Jun South Africa all out 30 vs. England in 48 minutes, Gilligan 6-7
  • 19 Jun Paavo Nurmi runs world record 1500m (3:52.6)
  • 21 Jun NCRV, Dutch Christian Radio Society, forms
  • 23 Jun 8 month Twenste textile strike ends
  • 24 Jun 59th British Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 301 at Hoylake Hoylake
  • 26 Jun Ziegfeld Follies opens on Broadway
  • 28 Jun Tornado strikes Sandusky and Lorain in Ohio, USA, killing 93.
  • 01 Jul Light Brigade forms
  • 05 Jul Military revolt in Sao Paulo Brazil
  • 06 Jul First photo sent experimentally across Atlantic by radio, USA to England.
  • 10 Jul Denmark takes Greenland as Norway ends claim
  • 11 Jul Moslem-Hindu rebellion in Delhi
  • 13 Jul Albin Stenroos wins Olympic marathon (2:41:22.6)
  • 16 Jul Conference over German recovery payments begins in London
  • 17 Jul Voting in federal elections becomes compulsory in Australia, after a private member's bill proposed by Tasmanian Nationalist senator Herbert Payne results in the passing of the Commonwealth Electoral (Compulsory Voting) Act 1924.
  • 20 Jul Teheran, Persia comes under martial law after the American vice-consul, Robert Imbrie, is killed by a religious mob enraged by rumors he had poisoned a fountain and killed several people.
  • 27 Jul 8th Olympic games closes in Paris
  • 29 Jul Paul Runyan wins the PGA golf championship.
  • 02 Aug Joe Hauser sets record of 14 total bases in a game
  • 03 Aug Cyclist Piet Moeskops regains world sprint championist
  • 04 Aug Diplomatic relations between Mexico and the Soviet Union are established.
  • 05 Aug Comic strip Little Orphan Annie, by Harold Gray, debuts
  • 08 Aug British-Russian trade agreement signed
  • 11 Aug 1st newsreel pictures of presidential candidates were taken
  • 16 Aug 38th US Womens Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Molla B Mallory (61 63)
  • 17 Aug French-German trade agreement signed
  • 18 Aug France begins retracting troops out of Ruhrgebied
  • 25 Aug International maritime treaty drawn
  • 28 Aug The Georgian opposition stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union.
  • 29 Aug German Republic day accepts Dawes plan
  • 31 Aug Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:06.2)
  • 01 Sep Kenchoji Rinzai temple in Kamakur Japan, heavily damaged by earthquake
  • 02 Sep 44th US Mens Tennis: William Tilden beats William Johnston (61 97 62)
  • 03 Sep Civil war breaks out in China (Gen Tsi moves to Shanghai)
  • 06 Sep Assassination attempt on Mussolini fails
  • 08 Sep Alexandra Kollontai of Russia becomes 1st woman ambassador
  • 09 Sep Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
  • 10 Sep Giants rip Braves 22-1, Frisch goes 6-for-6 before grounding out
  • 13 Sep 19th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Philadelphia (5-0)
  • 14 Sep Walter Johnson elected AL MVP
  • 17 Sep Italy signs treaty of Rapallo
  • 18 Sep Government routes 7 Provinces to Peking
  • 20 Sep Carl Mays is 1st pitcher to win 20 games seasons for 3 different teams
  • 24 Sep Boston, Massachusetts opens its airport
  • 25 Sep Malcolm Campbell sets world auto speed record at 146.16 MPH.
  • 27 Sep Giants clinch their 4th straight pennant, beating Phils 5-1
  • 28 Sep French government names General Serrail Governor-General of Syria
  • 29 Sep Santo Domingo joins League of Nations
  • 30 Sep Allies stop checking on German navy
  • 01 Oct Fokker F-7 1st flight (Amsterdam to Batavia)
  • 02 Oct The Geneva Protocol is adopted as a means to strengthen the League of Nations.
  • 03 Oct King Hussein of Hedzjaz abdicts throne
  • 04 Oct New York Giants become first team to appear in four consecutive World Series (World Series #21).
  • 05 Oct 1st Little Orphan Annie-strip appears in NYC Daily News
  • 07 Oct Greek government of Dikalekopoulis forms.
  • 08 Oct British Labour government of MacDonald falls to Communists
  • 10 Oct Ibn Saud of Nedzhed captures Mecca
  • 12 Oct Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow.
  • 13 Oct Wahhabietes under Ibn Saudi take Mecca
  • 15 Oct President Coolidge declares Statue of Liberty a national monument
  • 18 Oct Notre Dame beats Army 13-7 in football; New York Herald Tribune newspaper dubs them the Four Horsemen.
  • 19 Oct Abdul Aziz declares himself protector of holy places in Mecca.
  • 20 Oct 1st Negro League World Series: Kansas City Monarchs shuts out Hilldales, 5-0
  • 22 Oct Toastmasters International is founded.
  • 24 Oct Christian General Feng Joe Siang occupies Beijing
  • 25 Oct Little Orphan Annie comic strip 1st published
  • 27 Oct Uzbek SSR forms
  • 28 Oct French-Russian trade agreement signed
  • 29 Oct Dixie to Broadway, opens at Broadhurst Theater
  • 31 Oct World Savings Day is announced in Milan, Italy by the Members of the Association at the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks).
  • 01 Nov Forest Peters of Montana State University hits 17 of 22 attempted field goals.
  • 02 Nov Sunday Express publishes 1st British crossword puzzle
  • 04 Nov British Labour government of MacDonald, resigns
  • 06 Nov Stanley Baldwin becomes Prime Minister of England.
  • 08 Nov Austria chancellor Ignaz Seipel, resigns after assassination attempt
  • 09 Nov Miriam (Ma) Ferguson becomes 1st elected woman Governor (of Texas)
  • 11 Nov Martin Beck Theater opens at 302 W 45th St, New York City
  • 12 Nov Yeshivah Slobodka opens a branch in Chevron
  • 15 Nov Dutch Christian Radio Society (NCRV) forms
  • 16 Nov Cleveland Bulldogs lose to Frankford Yellowjackets, ends 31-game undefeated streak (NFL and major-league football record).
  • 19 Nov In Los Angeles, California, famous silent film director Thomas Ince (quotThe Father of the Westernquot) dies, reportedly of a heart attack, in his bed (rumors soon surface that he was shot dead by publishing tycoon William Randolph Hearst).
  • 21 Nov British Premier Baldwin cancels Labor contract with USSR
  • 22 Nov England orders Egyptians out of Sudan.
  • 27 Nov 57,000 watch a high school football game in Las Angeles, California, USA.
  • 28 Nov Pieter Jelle Troelstra leaves 2nd Chamber
  • 30 Nov 1st photo facsimile transmitted across Atlantic by radio (London-NYC)
  • 02 Dec British-German trade agreement signed.
  • 05 Dec Hamilton Tigers' Red Green scores five goals to beat Toronto Maple Leafs 10-5.
  • 07 Dec German election (Social Democrats win, National Socialists and Communists lose).
  • 09 Dec Dutch and Hungary trade treaty signed.
  • 10 Dec Willem Einthoven awarded Nobel Prize for medicine.
  • 13 Dec KOA-AM in Denver CO begins radio transmissions
  • 14 Dec Chiang Kai-shek occupies Hankou, China.
  • 17 Dec First US diesel electric locomotive enters service, in Bronx, New York.
  • 19 Dec The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.
  • 20 Dec Adolf Hitler freed from jail early
  • 22 Dec Alvin Hall becomes director of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing.
  • 24 Dec 1st radio transmission of NCRV in the Netherlands
  • 30 Dec Edwin Hubble announces existence of other galactic systems
  • 31 Dec Hubble announces existence of distant galaxies