1931: On This Year


1931 (MCMXXXI in Roman Numerals) was the year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1931th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations.

Is 1931 a year special to you? If so you may like to discover what 1931 was famous for, who won the Oscars and the Nobel Prizes in 1931, who was Time's Person of the Year in 1931, which books, music and movies were top of the charts in 1931, what Chinese zodiac sign is associated to 1931, what babynames were most popular that year, what was the World population on that year and what happend in 1931.

On this page we will address all your questions and curiosities about 1931 to help you enjoy your trip down memory lane.


What was 1931 known for ?

  • If you have been careful to notice, athletes, sportsmen, and women take a step back before taking a shot. This goes to show that we have to gather ourselves up to enhance our ability to tackle the challenges ahead of us.
  • One of the most devastating events of the 20th century came in 1931 where 3.7 million peoplelost their lives directly and indirectly following floods after the Yangtze River in China burst its banks. In January of 1931, Southern China received a far-above-average rainfall that led to the flooding of adjacent fields up to 500 square miles by August 18. The floods caused the displacement of over half a million people from their homes as August was beginning and rainfall was still falling.
  • Across the globe, gold and silver mining prospects were attracting the first settlers to Nevada. Mines started declining and the legislature of the state in a bid to stop the mass migration, legalized gambling on March 19, and divorce much later. The legalization of gambling put Nevada on the road to becoming home to one of the gambling and entertainment capitals of the world, Las Vegas. Gambling taxes account for a huge chunk of all revenues for the state.
  • 1931 is the year that New York received the stunning sight of Empire State building added to its skyline becoming of the gem of the Big Apple. It took a little bit over a year for John Jakob Raskob and a group of New York investors and a budget of not more than $40 million to finish the 102-storey tower.On May 1st, President of the USA Herbert Hoover dedicated the Empire State building by turning on the buildings lights. The Empire State building lost the stature of world’s tallest building in 1972 to the World Trade Center.
  • History when carefully examined we learn how to avert disasters and accomplish great architecture plans. Experience prepares an individual for the future.

Your place in the Universe on 1931

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1931: Oscar Winners of the Year

In 1931, during the 4th Academy Awards Cerimony, held on 10/11/1931 the following movies, actors, actresses and directors were awarded with the Oscar in 4 categories honoring the films released in 1931:

What movie won the Best Picture Oscar in 1931?

The Oscar for Best Movie went to Cimarron, directed by Wesley Ruggles, starring Richard Dix, Irene Dunne, Estelle Taylor, Nance O'Neil produced in the United States of America.

Who won the Best Director Oscar in 1931?

The Oscar for Best Director went to Norman Taurog, for the movie Skippy , starring produced in the .

Who won the Best Supporting Actor Oscar in 1931?

The Oscar for Best Supporting Actor went to , for the movie , starring produced in the .

Who won the Best Supporting Actress Oscar in 1931?

The Oscar for Best Supporting Actress went to , for the movie , starring produced in the .
world population

1931: Who was Time's Person of the Year?

Pierre Laval
In 1931, Pierre Laval was named by TIME magazine as Person of the Year. Laval was first elected Prime Minister of France in 1931. Laval was popular in the American press at the time for opposing the Hoover Moratorium, a temporary freeze on World War I debt payments that was disliked in both France and the US.
Goat chinese zodiac sign

1931: What was the Chinese Zodiac sign associated with the year 1931?

According to the Chinese Zodiac and Astrology 1931 was the Year of the Goat.

Discover Zodiac Sign Characteristics and Personality Traits of people born under the Goat sign.

Nobel Prize

1931: Nobel Prize Winners of the Year

1931: Who won the Nobel Peace Prize ?

In 1931 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to:
  • Jane Addams
  • Nicholas Murray Butler

1931: Who won the Nobel Prize in Literature ?

In 1931 the Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded to:
  • Erik Axel Karlfeldt

1931: Who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry ?

In 1931 the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to:
  • Carl Bosch
  • Friedrich Bergius

1931: Who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine ?

In 1931 the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to:
  • Otto Heinrich Warburg
world population

1931: What were the most popular baby names in the USA that year ?

The 3 most popular baby names in 1931 were Robert, James and John for boys and Mary, Betty and Dorothy for girls according to the US Census Bureau historical records.

1931: What were the Top #10 male names given to baby boys that year?

The Top # 10 male names given to baby boys in 1931 in the USA according to the US Census Bureau historical records were:

  • Robert
  • James
  • John
  • William
  • Richard
  • Charles
  • Donald
  • George
  • Joseph
  • Thomas

1931: What were the Top #10 female names given to baby girls that year?

The Top # 10 female names given to baby girls in 1931 in the USA according to the US Census Bureau historical records were:

  • Mary
  • Betty
  • Dorothy
  • Barbara
  • Joan
  • Helen
  • Margaret
  • Patricia
  • Shirley
  • Doris

vinyl songs

1931: What was the number 1 song in the USA that year?

The number 1 song in the USA in 1931, i.e. the best selling and most popular song of tha year, was Nobody's Sweetheart by Mills Brothers

1931: What was the music chart in the USA that year?

The Music Chart in the USA in 1931 with the top 10 most popular songs, was:

  1. Nobody's Sweetheart by Mills Brothers

1931: What were the most popular movies that year ?

The most popular movies and box office hits in 1931 were:



Release year: 1931

Directed by: Fritz Lang

Starring: Peter Lorre, Ellen Widmann, Inge Landgut, Otto Wernicke

Country: United States of America



Release year: 1931

Directed by: James Whale

Starring: Colin Clive, Mae Clarke, Boris Karloff, John Boles

Country: United States of America

Palmy Days

Palmy Days

Release year: 1931

Directed by: A. Edward Sutherland

Starring: Charlotte Greenwood, Barbara Weeks, Spencer Charters, Paul Page

Tonight or Never

Tonight or Never

Release year: 1931

Directed by: Mervyn LeRoy

Starring: Gloria Swanson, Melvyn Douglas, Alison Skipworth, Ferdinand Gottschalk

Country: United States of America

Gentleman's Fate

Gentleman's Fate

Release year: 1931

Directed by: Mervyn LeRoy

Starring: John Gilbert, Louis Wolheim, Leila Hyams, Anita Page


What happened in 1931?

Here's what happened in 1931:

  • Jan 2, 1931: South Dakota native Ernest Lawrence invents the cyclotron, used to accelerate particles to study nuclear physics.
  • Jan 3, 1931: Albert Einstein begins doing research at the California Institute of Technology, along with astronomer Edwin Hubble.
  • Jan 4, 1931: Art Acord, American western actor (Set Free, Spurs and Saddles), dies at age 40.
  • Jan 5, 1931: 1st woman to purchase a baseball team Lucille Thomas purchases Topeka franchise in the Western League
  • Jan 6, 1931: Thomas Edison submits his last patent application.
  • Jan 7, 1931: Guy Menzies flies the first solo non-stop trans-Tasman flight (from Australia to New Zealand) in 11 hours and 45 minutes, crash-landing on New Zealand's west coast.
  • Jan 8, 1931: Philadelphia Quakers set then NHL record of 15 straight loses
  • Jan 21, 1931: Sir Isaac Isaacs is sworn in as the first Australian-born Governor-General of Australia.
  • Jan 22, 1931: VARA begins experimental TV broadcast in Diamantbeurs, Amsterdam.
  • Jan 26, 1931: Hungary-Austria sign peace treaty
  • Jan 28, 1931: Bradman scores 220 NSW vs. Victoria, 308 mins, 13 fours
  • Jan 30, 1931: The release of the movie City Lights starring Charlie Chaplin.
  • Feb 3, 1931: Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls the state the "apex of moronia".
  • Feb 4, 1931: National League adopts a deader baseball
  • Feb 5, 1931: Maxine Dunlap becomes 1st US women to earn a glider pilot license
  • Feb 7, 1931: US opera, Peter Ibbetson, by Deems Taylor premieres at Met Opera, New York City
  • Feb 8, 1931: Gas explosion, fire in Fushun-coal mine, Manchuria kills 3,000.
  • Feb 10, 1931: Richard Rodgers / Lorenz Harts premieres in New York City
  • Feb 12, 1931: ''Radio Vaticana'' first broadcasts.
  • Feb 13, 1931: Phil Tobin introduces Assembly Bill 98 in Nevada legislature to allow licensed gambling on a variety of games.
  • Feb 14, 1931: Bradman scores 152 Aust vs. WI, 154 minutes, 13 fours 2 fives
  • Feb 15, 1931: 1st Dracula movie released
  • Feb 16, 1931: Extreme right wing Pehr Evind Svinhufvud is elected President of Finland.
  • Feb 20, 1931: Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge
  • Feb 21, 1931: Alka Seltzer introduced
  • Feb 28, 1931: Oswald Mosley founds his New Party
  • Mar 1, 1931: The USS Arizona is placed back in full commission after a refit.
  • Mar 3, 1931: Star Spangled Banner officially becomes US national anthem
  • Mar 4, 1931: West Indies beat Australia in cricket for the first time, by 30 runs at Sydney Cricket Ground.
  • Mar 5, 1931: The British Viceroy of India, Governor-General Edward Frederick Lindley Wood and Mohandas Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) sign an agreement envisaging the release of political prisoners and allowing salt to be freely used by the poorest members of the population.
  • Mar 10, 1931: British Labour party removes fascist Sir Oswald Mosley.
  • Mar 14, 1931: 1st theater built for rear movie projection
  • Mar 15, 1931: SS Viking explodes off Newfoundland, killing 27 of the 147 on board.
  • Mar 16, 1931: Genootschap Onze Taal (Our Language) organizes (Netherlands).
  • Mar 17, 1931: Nevada legalizes gambling.
  • Mar 18, 1931: Juan Bautista Aznar becomes premier of Spain.
  • Mar 19, 1931: Nevada legalizes casino gaming and most other forms of gambling. Nevada Governor Fred Balzar signs into law Assembly Bill 98, allowing faro, monte, roulette, keno, fan-tan, twenty-one, blackjack, seven-and-a-half, big injun, klondike, craps, stud poker, draw poker, or any card, dice, machine, at licensed establishments. Licensing fees for social games is set at US$25 per table per month, $50 for each mercantile game, $10 for each slot machine. Legal gambling age set at 21.
  • Mar 20, 1931: Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin.
  • Mar 21, 1931: KRO-broadcast studio initiated in Hilversum Holland
  • Mar 25, 1931: Hal Kemp and his orchestra record Whistles, with Skinnay Ennis
  • Mar 26, 1931: New Delhi replaces Calcutta as capitol of British-Indies.
  • Mar 27, 1931: John McGraw says night baseball will not catch on.
  • Mar 31, 1931: TWA Flight 599 crashes near Bazaar, Kansas killing 8 including Knute Rockne, head football coach at the University of Notre Dame
  • Apr 1, 1931: Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
  • Apr 2, 1931: Teenage girl strikes out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game in Chattanooga, Tennessee.
  • Apr 6, 1931: 1st broadcast of Little Orphan Annie on NBC-radio
  • Apr 7, 1931: Seals Stadium opens in San Francisco
  • Apr 8, 1931: White Horse Inn opens in London
  • Apr 12, 1931: Spanish voters reject the monarchy.
  • Apr 14, 1931: Spain becomes Republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
  • Apr 15, 1931: 1st walk across American backwards begins
  • Apr 20, 1931: British House of Commons agrees to allow sports play on Sunday.
  • Apr 22, 1931: Austria, Britain, Denmark, Germany, Italy, Sweden and the USA recognize the Spanish Republic.
  • Apr 26, 1931: Lou Gehrig hits a homerun but is called out for passing a runner, the mistake costs him American League home run crown; he and Babe Ruth tie for season.
  • Apr 27, 1931: 100 degrees F (38 degrees C), Pahala, Hawaii (record high).
  • Apr 28, 1931: Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track and field events.
  • Apr 29, 1931: Cleveland Indians' Wes Ferrell no-hits Saint Louis Browns, 9-0.
  • May 1, 1931: Empire State Building opens in New York City
  • May 4, 1931: Mustafa Kemal Pasja becomes Turkish President
  • May 5, 1931: İsmet İnönü forms new government in Turkey. (7th government)
  • May 8, 1931: Operette Land of Smiles, premieres in London
  • May 9, 1931: 57th Preakness: George Ellis aboard Mate wins in 1:59.
  • May 10, 1931: Golf ball size hail falls in Burlington, New Jersey, USA.
  • May 13, 1931: Paul Doumer is elected president of France.
  • May 15, 1931: Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Quadragesimo anno
  • May 16, 1931: 57th Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on Twenty Grand wins in 2:01.8.
  • May 19, 1931: Ironclad cruiser Germany launched in Kiel
  • May 21, 1931: Belgian Government of Henri Jaspar falls.
  • May 22, 1931: Canned rattlesnake meat first goes on sale in Florida.
  • May 23, 1931: Whipsnade Zoo opens in Whipsnade Beds England
  • May 24, 1931: First air-conditioned train installed - B&O Railroad.
  • May 27, 1931: Piccard and Knipfer make first flight into stratosphere, by balloon; first use of pressurized cabin in a balloon.
  • May 30, 1931: Phillies Chuck Klein homers off Ben Cantwell (Braves) in both ends DH
  • Jun 1, 1931: Rozenburg soccer team forms in Rozenburg
  • Jun 5, 1931: Jules Renkin becomes Premier of Belgium
  • Jun 6, 1931: There Ought To Be A Moonlight Saving Time by Guy Lombardo hits #1
  • Jun 8, 1931: Duke and Duchess of Kent wed
  • Jun 9, 1931: 1st rocket-powered aircraft design patented
  • Jun 10, 1931: Norway occupies East-Greenland
  • Jun 12, 1931: Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition and perjury
  • Jun 13, 1931: 63rd Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard Twenty Grand wins in 2:29.6
  • Jun 14, 1931: French St Philbert overturns off St. Nazaire France, drowns 450
  • Jun 15, 1931: Eddie Collins and Harry Heilmann, retire from baseball
  • Jun 16, 1931: Austrian government of Ender falls
  • Jun 19, 1931: In an attempt to stop the banking crisis in Central Europe from causing a worldwide financial meltdown, President Herbert Hoover issues the Hoover Moratorium.
  • Jun 20, 1931: Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
  • Jun 22, 1931: RVU, Radio-Volks-University, forms
  • Jun 23, 1931: July ndash John Haven Emerson of Cambridge, Massachusetts perfects the Emerson iron lung just in time for the growing polio epidemic.
  • Jun 24, 1931: USSR and Afghanistan sign neutrality treaty
  • Jun 27, 1931: 3rd Ryder Cup: US, 9-3 at Scioto Country Club - Ohio
  • Jun 29, 1931: Pope Pius XI encyclical on Nun abbiamo bisogno Mussolini
  • Jul 1, 1931: Cleveland Municipal Stadium is completed
  • Jul 3, 1931: 51st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Sid Wood Jr beats F X Shields (walkover)
  • Jul 4, 1931: 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
  • Jul 6, 1931: 35th US Golf Open: Billy Burke shoots a 292 at Inverness Club Ohio
  • Jul 9, 1931: Irish racing driver Kaye Don breaks the world water speed record at Lake Garda, Italy.''BBC History'', July 2011, p12
  • Jul 10, 1931: In Malinta, Ohio, USA an overhead cometary fragment explosion occurs, producing a crater, a smell of sulfur, windows broken in a farmhouse, and four telephone poles snapped.
  • Jul 11, 1931: New York Giants beat Philadelphia Phillies 23-8.
  • Jul 12, 1931: 45,715 fans in 35,000 seat Sportsman Park St. Louis, help cause many ground ruled doubles, 11 in 1st game and 21 in 2nd game for 32
  • Jul 16, 1931: Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia signs the first constitution of Ethiopia.
  • Jul 18, 1931: 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
  • Jul 23, 1931: Ashmore and Cartier Island in Indian Ocean are transferred to Australia.
  • Jul 24, 1931: Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2 mile
  • Jul 26, 1931: The millennialist Bible Student movement adopts the name Jehovah's Witnesses at a meeting in Columbus, Ohio.
  • Jul 27, 1931: Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebr and SD destroyed thousands of acres of crops
  • Jul 28, 1931: Congress makes Star-Spangled Banner our 2nd national anthem
  • Jul 31, 1931: USS Constitution is recommissioned as an active vessel in the US Navy.
  • Aug 2, 1931: Spanish Catalonia agrees (99+%) for autonomous status
  • Aug 5, 1931: Detroit Tiger Tommy Bridges perfect game is broken up with 2 outs in 9th
  • Aug 8, 1931: Workers go on strike at the Hoover dam.
  • Aug 12, 1931: Yangtzee River floods after heavy rain crumbles dikes in China
  • Aug 13, 1931: Cin Red Tony Cuccinello goes 6 for 6
  • Aug 15, 1931: Roy Wilkins joined NAACP as Assistant Secretary
  • Aug 18, 1931: Lou Gehrig hitless in Detroit, his 1,000th consecutively played game
  • Aug 19, 1931: Lefty Grove wins AL record tying 16th consecutive game
  • Aug 20, 1931: 45th US Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Eileen Whitingstall
  • Aug 21, 1931: Babe Ruth hits his 600th home run (New York Yankees beat Saint Louis Browns 11-7).
  • Aug 23, 1931: 45th US Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Eileen B Whitingstall
  • Aug 24, 1931: Resignation of the United Kingdom's Second Labour Government. Formation of the UK National Government.
  • Aug 28, 1931: France and Soviet Union sign a treaty of non-aggression.
  • Sep 1, 1931: Gehrig hits his 3rd grand slam in 4 days and his 6th HR in consecutive games
  • Sep 8, 1931: In Hagerstown, Maryland, USA a meteorite crashes through a roof.
  • Sep 10, 1931: Lord Cecil of British Government says War was never so improbable
  • Sep 11, 1931: Salvatore Maranzano, American organized crime figure (Born 1868)
  • Sep 12, 1931: 51st US Mens Tennis: H E Vines beats George M Lott Jr
  • Sep 13, 1931: Captain G H Stainworth flies world speed record
  • Sep 15, 1931: British naval fleet mutinies at Invergordon over pay cuts
  • Sep 16, 1931: Blimp is moored to Empire State Building
  • Sep 17, 1931: 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, NYC), venture failed
  • Sep 18, 1931: Japan takes Manchuria, renames it Manchukuo
  • Sep 19, 1931: 14th PGA Championship: Tom Creavy at Wannamoisett Country Club - Rumford, Rhode Island
  • Sep 20, 1931: With a gun literally pointed to his head the Chinese commander of Kirin province announces the annexation of that territory to Japan.
  • Sep 21, 1931: Britain abandons gold standard / pound devalues 20%
  • Sep 22, 1931: United Kingdom abandons gold standard.
  • Sep 26, 1931: Earl Claus von Stauffenberg marries Freiin Nina von Lerchenfeld
  • Sep 27, 1931: Lou Gehrig completes his 6th straight season, playing in every game (.3486) Jim Bottomley
  • Sep 28, 1931: Peking
  • Sep 30, 1931: Start of ''Die Voortrekkers'' youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa.
  • Oct 1, 1931: Spanish Cortes accept general female suffrage
  • Oct 2, 1931: Pope Pius XI encyclical "On the economic crisis".
  • Oct 4, 1931: Juan Esteban Montero becomes President of Chile
  • Oct 5, 1931: First nonstop transpacific flight, Japan to Washington (Herndon and Pangborn).
  • Oct 6, 1931: Js Van Severen forms Verdinaso (Union of Flemish National Solidarists)
  • Oct 7, 1931: First infra-red photograph, Rochester, New York.
  • Oct 11, 1931: 100,000 extreme-right Germans form Harzburger Front
  • Oct 14, 1931: 1st broadcast of Dutch Radio Peoples University
  • Oct 16, 1931: Trunk murderess Winnie Ruth Judd chops first victim.
  • Oct 17, 1931: Al Capone convicted of tax evasion, sentenced to 11 years in prison
  • Oct 20, 1931: Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP
  • Oct 21, 1931: The Sakurakai, a secret society in the Imperial Japanese Army, launches an abortive coup d'etat attempt.
  • Oct 24, 1931: Gangster Al Capone is sentenced to 11 years for tax evasion
  • Oct 30, 1931: W2XB TV channel 1 in NYC, New York (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • Nov 1, 1931: Dupont introduces synthetic rubber
  • Nov 7, 1931: The Chinese Soviet Republic is proclaimed on the anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution.
  • Nov 8, 1931: The Panama Canal is closed for a couple of weeks due to damage caused by a number of earthquakes.
  • Nov 11, 1931: Cornerstones laid for Opera House and Veterans Building.
  • Nov 12, 1931: Maple Leaf Gardens opens in Toronto - Chicago Blackhawks beat Leafs, 2-1
  • Nov 13, 1931: Hattie Caraway (D-AK) appointed 1st US woman senator
  • Nov 14, 1931: Ottawa Mint Act is proclaimed in England
  • Nov 17, 1931: Bradman scores 135 NSW vs. South Africa, 128 mins, 15 fours
  • Nov 20, 1931: Commercial teletype service begins
  • Nov 23, 1931: Nationally Crisis Committee forms in Hague
  • Nov 25, 1931: Heavy Hydrogen, later named Deuterium, is discovered by chemist Harold Clayton Urey.
  • Nov 30, 1931: Crystal Palace in Hyde Park London destroyed by fire
  • Dec 1, 1931: Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint
  • Dec 3, 1931: Alka Seltzer goes on sale
  • Dec 4, 1931: Frankenstein opens at Mayfair
  • Dec 5, 1931: CFL Grey Cup: Mtl AAA beats Regina, 22-0 at Montreal
  • Dec 8, 1931: Coaxial cable patented.
  • Dec 9, 1931: Baseball cuts squad from 25 to 23 players and NL continues to prohibit uniform numbers
  • Dec 10, 1931: Jane Addams (1st US woman) named co-recipient of Nobel Peace Prize
  • Dec 11, 1931: Brit Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland, Newfndlnd
  • Dec 12, 1931: Japanese Government of Imukai forms.
  • Dec 16, 1931: German SPD begins Eiserne Front against fascism.
  • Dec 19, 1931: Joseph A Lyons (Conservative) becomes premier of Australia.
  • Dec 23, 1931: Tyrone Power Sr, American actor (Big Trial, Test of Donald Norton), dies at age 62.
  • Dec 25, 1931: Albert Lonergan scores 137 South Africa versus Queensland at Adelaide before 5,697.
  • Dec 26, 1931: Pulitzer Prize-winning musical play Of Thee I Sing opens on Broadway
  • Dec 28, 1931: Lin-Sen succeeds Chiang Kai-shek as President of Nanjing-China.
  • Dec 29, 1931: Victoria scores 7 for 435 in second innings to beat New South Wales.
  • Dec 31, 1931: The Huang He floods kill between 850,000 and 4,000,000 people (the deadliest historic natural disaster).


What does the year 1931 refer to in the Gregorian calendar?

The year 1931 refers to a specific year in the Gregorian calendar, which is commonly used internationally. It is the 32nd year of the 20th century and the 1st year of the 1930s decade. In the Gregorian calendar, it follows 1930 and precedes 1932.

calendars for year 1931

Can you show me the calendar for the year 1931?

February 1931
September 1931
November 1931