With the Great Depression well underway and the Second World War a few years on the horizon, 1935 was a year of truly global importance.
By this time, Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Regime was firmly in control of Germany and in 1935, Hitler began taking significant steps that would ultimately lead to the outbreak of war across the globe. In February, Hitler reinstated the German Air Force (the Luftwaffe). One month later, Hitler formally announced German re-armament to the world. Then in May, Hitler announced conscription into the German Army (the Wehrmacht). All of these steps were taken in violation of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, which had formally ended fighting between Germany and the Allied Powers of World War One.
1935 was also an important year for advances in modern technology, and there were some especially great achievements in the field of aeronautics. In January, Amelia Earhart became the first pilot to fly solo from Hawaii to California. Howard Hughes set the airspeed record for the time by hitting a top speed of 352mph. In a particularly important development in England, radar was used for the first time to detect incoming aircraft.
In addition to the terrible difficulties during the Great Depression, many thousands of Americans had to face the Dust Bowl – a period of severe drought and dust storms that hit the American Great Plains. 1935 was an especially difficult year and conditions had deteriorated in the Great Plains to the point where millions of Americans abandoned their farms and looked for a new life elsewhere.
While this was ongoing, in Washington, D.C., President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act into law. This was a major piece of his “New Deal” program and marked a fundamental shift in the Federal government’s relationship to individuals across the States.
Discover how USA looked like in 1935
Have a look at the old newspapers from 1935 and get them!
Which were the most popular movies released this year ?
Directed by: Michael Curtiz
Starring: Errol Flynn, Olivia de Havilland, Lionel Atwill, Basil Rathbone
Country: United States
Directed by: George Marshall
Starring: Rochelle Hudson, Cesar Romero, Bruce Cabot, Edward Norris
Directed by: Mark Sandrich
Starring: Fred Astaire, Ginger Rogers, Edward Everett Horton, Erik Rhodes
Directed by: Alfred Hitchcock
Starring: Robert Donat, Madeleine Carroll, Lucie Mannheim, Godfrey Tearle
Which were the top hits of 1935 ?
Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1935 in the USA ?
Click on the dates below to find out what the world looked like in each day of 1935