With the Great Depression well underway and the Second World War a few years on the horizon, 1935 was a year of truly global importance.
By this time, Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Regime was firmly in control of Germany and in 1935, Hitler began taking significant steps that would ultimately lead to the outbreak of war across the globe. In February, Hitler reinstated the German Air Force (the Luftwaffe). One month later, Hitler formally announced German re-armament to the world. Then in May, Hitler announced conscription into the German Army (the Wehrmacht). All of these steps were taken in violation of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, which had formally ended fighting between Germany and the Allied Powers of World War One.
1935 was also an important year for advances in modern technology, and there were some especially great achievements in the field of aeronautics. In January, Amelia Earhart became the first pilot to fly solo from Hawaii to California. Howard Hughes set the airspeed record for the time by hitting a top speed of 352mph. In a particularly important development in England, radar was used for the first time to detect incoming aircraft.
In addition to the terrible difficulties during the Great Depression, many thousands of Americans had to face the Dust Bowl – a period of severe drought and dust storms that hit the American Great Plains. 1935 was an especially difficult year and conditions had deteriorated in the Great Plains to the point where millions of Americans abandoned their farms and looked for a new life elsewhere.
While this was ongoing, in Washington, D.C., President Franklin D. Rooseveltsigned the Social Security Act into law. This was a major piece of his “New Deal” program and marked a fundamental shift in the Federal government’s relationship to individuals across the States.
All Academy Awards Prize winners of the 8th edition of the Oscar ceremony
Mutiny on the Bounty
Best supporting actor
Best supporting actress
Time Person of the Year
Who was the person of the year of 1935?
All Nobel Prize winners of 1935
- Carl von Ossietzky
- James Chadwick
- Frédéric Joliot-Curie
- Irène Joliot-Curie
Physiology or Medicine
- Hans Spemann
Which were the top hits of 1935?
Top #1 songs in the USA
Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial
Which were the important events of 1935?
- 01 Jan 1935 Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM
- 02 Jan 1935 Bruno R Hauptmann trial begins for kidnap-murder of Lindbergh baby
- 03 Jan 1935 The trial of Bruno Richard Hauptmann, accused of the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr., begins in Flemington, New Jersey.
- 04 Jan 1935 Bob Hope 1st heard on network radio as part of The Intimate Revue
- 08 Jan 1935 Spectrophotometer patented, AC Hardy.
- 10 Jan 1935 Actress Mary Pickford marries actor Douglas Fairbanks.
- 11 Jan 1935 Amelia Earhart is the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
- 13 Jan 1935 Plebiscite in Saar, indicates a desire (90.3 percent) to join Germany.
- 14 Jan 1935 Oil pipeline Iraq-Mediterranean goes into use.
- 15 Jan 1935 300 Dutch ice cream salesmen protest against Italian competition.
- 16 Jan 1935 The FBI kills the Barker Gang, including Ma Barker, in a shootout.
- 19 Jan 1935 KLM begins flight path between Cura?ao and Aruba.
- 21 Jan 1935 12.0 (30.5 cm) of rain falls, Quinault RS, Washington (state record)
- 24 Jan 1935 1st canned beer, Krueger Cream Ale, is sold by Kruger Brewing Company
- 28 Jan 1935 Iceland becomes the first Western country to legalize therapeutic abortion.
- 30 Jan 1935 Ezra Pound meets Mussolini, reads from a draft of Cantos
- 31 Jan 1935 30.5 cm (12.0 inches) of rain falls, Quinault RS, Washington (state record).
- 01 Feb 1935 James T Farrell finishes his Studs Lonigan trilogy
- 02 Feb 1935 Lie detector first used in US court (Portage, Wisconsin).
- 06 Feb 1935 Monopoly board game goes on sale for 1st time
- 07 Feb 1935 Monopoly invented by Charles Darrow symbol Rich Uncle Pennybags
- 09 Feb 1935 US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson.
- 10 Feb 1935 1st US streamlined electric RR engine begins service
- 11 Feb 1935 First US airplane flight with auto slung beneath the fuselage, New York.
- 12 Feb 1935 Great airship, USS Macon, crashes into Pacific Ocean.
- 13 Feb 1935 First US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris, in Cleveland, Ohio.
- 15 Feb 1935 The discovery and clinical development of Prontosil, the first broadly effective antibacterial drug, is published in a series of articles in Germany's pre-eminent medical journal, ''Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift'', by Gerhard Domagk.
- 20 Feb 1935 Karoline Mikkelson is 1st woman on Antarctica
- 22 Feb 1935 Airplanes are no longer permitted to fly over the White House.
- 26 Feb 1935 RADAR-Radio Detection and Ranging 1st demonstrated (Robert Watson-Watt)
- 28 Feb 1935 Amsterdam Hotel of the Red Lion gets sidewalk permit
- 01 Mar 1935 İsmet İnönü forms the new government in Turkey. (8th government During Atatürk's presidency, İnönü had served seven times as a prime minister)
- 05 Mar 1935 First premature baby health law in US (Chicago, Illinois).
- 06 Mar 1935 Frank Bartell (Czechoslovakia), cycles record 80.584 mph in Los Angeles.
- 07 Mar 1935 Saar incorporated into Germany.
- 08 Mar 1935 Hachikō, the loyal dog who was remembered for his loyalty to his owner, even many years after his owners death, passes away on the very same spot he had waited for over nine years.
- 09 Mar 1935 March 9 ampndash Porky Pig makes his debut as the first major Looney Tunes character in I Haven't Got a Hat.
- 11 Mar 1935 Bank of Canada opens
- 12 Mar 1935 England establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns and villages.
- 14 Mar 1935 36-Folsom becomes 1st line to use 1-man streetcars
- 16 Mar 1935 Hitler orders German rearmament, violating Versailles Treaty
- 17 Mar 1935 KSO-AM in Des Moines Iowa call sign is given to KWCR
- 19 Mar 1935 A riot breaks out in Harlem, NYC, after a rumor that police killed a shoplifter in the S. H. Kress amp Co. department store circulates.
- 20 Mar 1935 Your Hit Parade makes its debut on radio.
- 21 Mar 1935 Persia officially renamed Iran.
- 22 Mar 1935 Blood tests are authorized as evidence in court cases (New York).
- 23 Mar 1935 Signing of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
- 26 Mar 1935 RvJ Mitchell and Major Sorley discuss armament of Spitfire
- 28 Mar 1935 Goddard uses gyroscopes to control a rocket.
- 29 Mar 1935 French liner Normandie begins its maiden voyage
- 31 Mar 1935 Fusahige Suzuki runs world record marathon (2:07:09).
- 01 Apr 1935 First radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, New York.
- 02 Apr 1935 Mary Hirsch, becomes 1st woman licensed as a horse trainer
- 03 Apr 1935 Yasuo Ikenada runs world record marathon (2:26:44).
- 05 Apr 1935 Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election.
- 06 Apr 1935 H Levitt sinks 499 basketball free throws, misses and sinks 371 more.
- 08 Apr 1935 Works Progress Administration approved by US Congress.
- 12 Apr 1935 Your Hit Parade, debuts on radio
- 14 Apr 1935 Sandstorm ravages US midwest (Dust Bowl)
- 15 Apr 1935 Another massive dust storm in the USA becomes known as "Black Sunday".
- 17 Apr 1935 Provincial-National elections (Musserts NSB achieves 7.9% / 44 chairs)
- 18 Apr 1935 Netherlands election (Musserts NSB wins 8% of vote)
- 19 Apr 1935 39th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Massachusetts in 2:32:07.4.
- 21 Apr 1935 King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties.
- 23 Apr 1935 The Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted.
- 24 Apr 1935 William Christian Bullitt, Jr., the US ambassador to Moscow, hosted the elaborately prepared Spring Ball of the Full Moon which is said to have surpassed all other embassy parties in Moscow's history.
- 27 Apr 1935 FA Cup Sheffield Wednesday beat West Bromwich Albion 4–2 at Wembley
- 28 Apr 1935 Moscow underground opens (81 km long).
- 29 Apr 1935 The first edition of the Vuelta a España is raced and goes on to become one of the 3 Grand Tours of road bicycle racing.
- 01 May 1935 Boulder Dam is completed.
- 04 May 1935 61st Kentucky Derby: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 2:05.
- 06 May 1935 British King George and Queen Mary celebrates silver jubilee
- 08 May 1935 Cin Red Ernie Lombardi doubles in 6th, 7th, 8th and 9th beat Phils 15-4
- 11 May 1935 61st Preakness: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 1:58.4.
- 12 May 1935 Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob Smith (founders of Alcoholics Anonymous) meet for the first time in Akron, Ohio, at the home of Henrietta Siberling.
- 14 May 1935 Griffith Planetarium opens in LA
- 15 May 1935 Pirates beat Phillies 20-5
- 18 May 1935 Harold Gimblett scores 123 in 80 minutes on cricket debut for Somerset.
- 19 May 1935 NFL adopts an annual college draft to begin in 1936.
- 23 May 1935 1st scheduled night game, postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)
- 24 May 1935 Swedish Princess Ingrid marries Danish crown Prince Frederik (IX)
- 25 May 1935 Jesse Owens of Ohio State University breaks three world records and ties a fourth at the Big Ten Conference Track and Field Championships in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
- 27 May 1935 US Supreme Court declares President Franklin Roosevelt's National Recovery Act unconstitutional.
- 29 May 1935 Hague local museum opens
- 30 May 1935 Eventual Baseball Hall of Famer Babe Ruth appears in his last career game, playing for the Boston Braves in Philadelphia against the Phillies.
- 31 May 1935 Babe Ruth grounds out in his final at bat
- 01 Jun 1935 Driving test and license plates introduced in England
- 02 Jun 1935 Babe Ruth, 40, announces his retirement as a player
- 03 Jun 1935 French Normandie sets Atlantic crossing record of 1,077 hours
- 08 Jun 1935 39th US Golf Open: Sam Parks Jr shoots a 299 at Oakmont Country Club - Pennsylvania
- 10 Jun 1935 Dr. Robert Smith takes his last drink, and Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio, United States, by him and Bill Wilson.
- 12 Jun 1935 Weapons pact ends 3 year war of Gran Chaco (Bolivia vs. Paraguay)
- 13 Jun 1935 Hammond scores his 100th hundred, 116 for Gloucs vs. Somerset
- 14 Jun 1935 Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay ends.
- 18 Jun 1935 Anglo-German Naval Agreement: Britain agrees to a German navy equal to 35% of her own naval tonnage.
- 23 Jun 1935 Anthony Eden offers Mussolini, Somalian harbor
- 25 Jun 1935 Joe Louis defeats Primo Carnera in boxing at Yankee Stadium, New York.
- 26 Jun 1935 Lloyd Waner sets record of 18 putouts in center in doubleheader
- 28 Jun 1935 FDR ordersa federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox Kentucky
- 30 Jun 1935 The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.
- 01 Jul 1935 General Neth Persbureau (ANP) forms in Amsterdam
- 02 Jul 1935 Great Britain boxers beat US team in first international Golden Gloves.
- 05 Jul 1935 1st Hawaii Calls radio program is broadcast
- 06 Jul 1935 48th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats H Jacobs (63 36 75)
- 08 Jul 1935 3rd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-1 at Municipal Stadium, Cleveland
- 12 Jul 1935 Belgium recognizes Soviet Union
- 13 Jul 1935 Richard Strauss resigns as Chairman of Reichskulturkammer
- 16 Jul 1935 1st automatic parking meter in US installed (Oklahoma City, Ok)
- 18 Jul 1935 Amsterdam city council accept city growth plan through the year 2000
- 20 Jul 1935 1st broadcast of Gang Busters on NBC-radio
- 22 Jul 1935 Lester Walton appointed Minister to Liberia
- 23 Jul 1935 Airplane crashes into the Empire State Building
- 24 Jul 1935 1st greeting telegram sent in Britain
- 25 Jul 1935 August 20 ampndash The seventh and last congress of the Comintern is held.
- 27 Jul 1935 Floods at Yangtzee Jiang and Hoangh, kills 200,000
- 28 Jul 1935 First flight of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress.
- 30 Jul 1935 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution
- 31 Jul 1935 3rd Dutch government of Colijn sworn in
- 05 Aug 1935 The Leo Burnett Advertising Agency opens in Chicago, Illinois.
- 07 Aug 1935 60% of voters agrees to Nazism in Danzig (Gdansk)
- 11 Aug 1935 Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews
- 14 Aug 1935 Social Security Act becomes law.
- 20 Aug 1935 Military coup by General Pons and President Ibarra in Ecuador
- 23 Aug 1935 The Banking Act of 1935 becomes law, removing the Treasury Secretary and the comptroller of currency from the Federal Reserve Board.
- 26 Aug 1935 CCC camp opens in Brecksville Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks
- 29 Aug 1935 2nd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 5, All-Stars 0 (77,450)
- 31 Aug 1935 FDR signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents
- 02 Sep 1935 A hurricane slams the Florida Keys killing 423.
- 03 Sep 1935 Andrew Varipapa sets bowling record of 2,652 points in ten games.
- 08 Sep 1935 Willy de Supervise swims runs world record 200 m freestyle (2:25.2)
- 11 Sep 1935 49th US Womens Tennis: H H Jacobs beats Sarah H Palfrey Fabyan (62 64)
- 12 Sep 1935 55th US Mens Tennis: Wilmer L Allison beats Sidney B Wood (62 62 63)
- 13 Sep 1935 Rockslide near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the International Railway (New York : Ontario).
- 15 Sep 1935 Nazi Germany adopts a new national flag with the swastika.
- 20 Sep 1935 Pitts Crawfords beat the New York Cubans to win Negro NL Championship, 3-0
- 22 Sep 1935 Boston Braves lose NL record 110th game of year en route to 115
- 24 Sep 1935 Earl Bascom and Weldon Bascom produce the first rodeo ever held outdoors under electric lights at Columbia, Mississippi
- 27 Sep 1935 Chicago Cubs win 21st consecutive game and clinch NL pennant
- 29 Sep 1935 5th Ryder Cup: US, 9-3 at Ridgewood Country Club - New Jersey
- 30 Sep 1935 The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated.
- 02 Oct 1935 New York Hayden Planetarium, the fourth in the US, opens.
- 03 Oct 1935 Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy invades Ethiopia under General de Bono.
- 06 Oct 1935 Italian army occupies Adua Abyssinia
- 07 Oct 1935 Himmler / Hess / Heydrich bezichtigen concentration camp Dachau
- 08 Oct 1935 Ozzie Nelson marries Harriet Hilliard (Ozzie and Harriet).
- 10 Oct 1935 Porgy & Bess, by George Gershwin, New York premiere
- 12 Oct 1935 Cole Porters musical Jubilee, premieres in New York City
- 14 Oct 1935 In the Canadian federal election, the Liberal Party of William Lyon Mackenzie King wins a majority government, defeating the Conservative Party of Prime Minister R. B. Bennett.
- 17 Oct 1935 Pacific Association of Amateur Athletic Union votes not to participate in Berlin Olympics.
- 19 Oct 1935 The League of Nations places economic sanctions on fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
- 20 Oct 1935 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid
- 21 Oct 1935 Hank Greenberg is unanimously selected as American League Most Valuable Player.
- 22 Oct 1935 18th PGA Championship: Johnny Revolta at Twin Hills Country Club - Oklahoma City
- 23 Oct 1935 Gabby Hartnett selected NL MVP
- 24 Oct 1935 Judge Landis fines ump George Moriarty, Cubs Manager Charlie Grimm and Chicago players W English, B Jurges and B Herman for actions in World Series
- 25 Oct 1935 Hurricane-produced floods kill 2,000 in Jeremie and Jacmel, Haiti.
- 27 Oct 1935 SDAP and NVV launchs Plan for Work in Utrect Netherlands
- 03 Nov 1935 Kitei Son runs world record marathon (2:26:42)
- 05 Nov 1935 Maryland Court of Appeals orders University of Maryland to admit (black) Donald Murray.
- 06 Nov 1935 1st test flight of British Hurricane aircraft
- 07 Nov 1935 23rd CFL Grey Cup: Winnipeg Winnipegs defeats Hamilton Tigers, 18-12
- 09 Nov 1935 Japan invades Shanghai China
- 11 Nov 1935 American Explorer 2 balloon sets altitude record of 72,000 feet over South Dakota.
- 13 Nov 1935 Anti-British riots in Egypt
- 14 Nov 1935 FDR proclaims Philippine Islands a free commonwealth
- 15 Nov 1935 Commonwealth of Phillipines inaugurated.
- 21 Nov 1935 1st commercial crossing of Pacific by plane (China Clipper)
- 22 Nov 1935 China Clipper (flying boat) takes off from Alameda, California, carrying 100,000 pieces of mail on first trans-Pacific airmail flight.
- 23 Nov 1935 Jacques and Thérèse Tréfouël, Daniel Bovet and Federico Nitti, in the laboratory of Ernest Fourneau at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, discover that sulfanilamide is the active component of Prontosil.J. et T. Tréfouël, F. Nitti et D. Bovet, quotActivité du ''p''-aminophénylsulfamide sur l’infection streptococcique expérimentale de la souris et du lapinquot, ''C. R. Soc. Biol.'', '''120''', 23 november 1935, p. 756
- 24 Nov 1935 King George II returns to Greece after 12 years
- 25 Nov 1935 Resident Institution for Social History (IISG) forms in Amsterdam
- 29 Nov 1935 Michael Savage becomes 1st Labour Premier of New Zealand
- 30 Nov 1935 The 1935 British-made film ''Scrooge'', the first all-talking film version of Charles Dickens classic, opens in the U.S. after its British release.
- 05 Dec 1935 National Council of Negro Women forms by Mary McLeod Bethune (New York City, New York).
- 09 Dec 1935 Walter Liggett, American newspaper editor and muckraker, is killed in gangland murder.
- 10 Dec 1935 The Downtown Athletic Club Trophy, later renamed the Heisman Trophy, is awarded to halfback Jay Berwanger of the University of Chicago.
- 12 Dec 1935 Lebensborn Project, a Nazi reproduction program, is founded by Heinrich Himmler.
- 15 Dec 1935 Max Euwe becomes world champion chess player beating Alexander Aljechin.
- 17 Dec 1935 First flight of the Douglas DC-3 airplane.
- 20 Dec 1935 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Ad Catholici Sacerdotii
- 22 Dec 1935 Yaeko Iwasaki, student of D S Harada Roshi, 1st awakening in Kamakura
- 24 Dec 1935 National Council of Negro Women forms
- 27 Dec 1935 Mao Zedong issues the Wayaopao Manifesto, ''On Tactics Against Japanese Imperialism'', calling for a National United Front against the Japanese Invasion.
- 28 Dec 1935 W P A Federal Art Project Gallery opens in New York City
- 30 Dec 1935 Italian bombers destroy Swedish Red Cross unit in Ethiopia.
- 31 Dec 1935 Charles Darrow patents Monopoly