1935

With the Great Depression well underway and the Second World War a few years on the horizon, 1935 was a year of truly global importance.

1935

By this time, Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Regime was firmly in control of Germany and in 1935, Hitler began taking significant steps that would ultimately lead to the outbreak of war across the globe. In February, Hitler reinstated the German Air Force (the Luftwaffe). One month later, Hitler formally announced German re-armament to the world. Then in May, Hitler announced conscription into the German Army (the Wehrmacht). All of these steps were taken in violation of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, which had formally ended fighting between Germany and the Allied Powers of World War One.

1935 was also an important year for advances in modern technology, and there were some especially great achievements in the field of aeronautics. In January, Amelia Earhart became the first pilot to fly solo from Hawaii to California. Howard Hughes set the airspeed record for the time by hitting a top speed of 352mph. In a particularly important development in England, radar was used for the first time to detect incoming aircraft.

In addition to the terrible difficulties during the Great Depression, many thousands of Americans had to face the Dust Bowl – a period of severe drought and dust storms that hit the American Great Plains. 1935 was an especially difficult year and conditions had deteriorated in the Great Plains to the point where millions of Americans abandoned their farms and looked for a new life elsewhere.

While this was ongoing, in Washington, D.C., President Franklin D. Rooseveltsigned the Social Security Act into law. This was a major piece of his “New Deal” program and marked a fundamental shift in the Federal government’s relationship to individuals across the States.

Discover how the world looked like in 1935

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

The 39 Steps

The 39 Steps

Directed by: Alfred Hitchcock

Starring: Robert Donat, Madeleine Carroll, Lucie Mannheim, Godfrey Tearle

Country: United States of America

Top Hat

Top Hat

Directed by: Mark Sandrich

Starring: Fred Astaire, Ginger Rogers, Edward Everett Horton, Erik Rhodes

Country: United States of America

Captain Blood

Captain Blood

Directed by: Michael Curtiz

Starring: Errol Flynn, Olivia de Havilland, Lionel Atwill, Basil Rathbone

Country: United States of America

Ruggles of Red Gap

Ruggles of Red Gap

Directed by: Leo McCarey

Starring: Charles Laughton, Mary Boland, Charles Ruggles, Zasu Pitts

Country: United States of America

The Good Fairy

The Good Fairy

Directed by: William Wyler

Starring: Margaret Sullavan, Herbert Marshall, Frank Morgan, Reginald Owen

vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1935?


Top #1 songs in the USA

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1935 in the USA ?

Top #10 male names
  1. Robert
  2. James
  3. John
  4. William
  5. Richard
  6. Charles
  7. Donald
  8. George
  9. Thomas
  10. Joseph
Top #10 female names
  1. Mary
  2. Shirley
  3. Barbara
  4. Betty
  5. Patricia
  6. Dorothy
  7. Joan
  8. Margaret
  9. Nancy
  10. Helen
history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1935?


Events

  • 01 Jan Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM
  • 02 Jan Bruno R Hauptmann trial begins for kidnap-murder of Lindbergh baby
  • 03 Jan The trial of Bruno Richard Hauptmann, accused of the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindbergh, Jr., begins in Flemington, New Jersey.
  • 04 Jan Bob Hope 1st heard on network radio as part of The Intimate Revue
  • 08 Jan Spectrophotometer patented, AC Hardy.
  • 10 Jan Actress Mary Pickford marries actor Douglas Fairbanks.
  • 11 Jan Amelia Earhart is the first person to fly solo from Hawaii to California.
  • 13 Jan Plebiscite in Saar, indicates a desire (90.3 percent) to join Germany.
  • 14 Jan Oil pipeline Iraq-Mediterranean goes into use.
  • 15 Jan 300 Dutch ice cream salesmen protest against Italian competition.
  • 16 Jan The FBI kills the Barker Gang, including Ma Barker, in a shootout.
  • 19 Jan KLM begins flight path between Cura?ao and Aruba.
  • 21 Jan 12.0 (30.5 cm) of rain falls, Quinault RS, Washington (state record)
  • 24 Jan 1st canned beer, Krueger Cream Ale, is sold by Kruger Brewing Company
  • 28 Jan Iceland becomes the first Western country to legalize therapeutic abortion.
  • 30 Jan Ezra Pound meets Mussolini, reads from a draft of Cantos
  • 31 Jan 30.5 cm (12.0 inches) of rain falls, Quinault RS, Washington (state record).
  • 01 Feb James T Farrell finishes his Studs Lonigan trilogy
  • 02 Feb Lie detector first used in US court (Portage, Wisconsin).
  • 06 Feb Monopoly board game goes on sale for 1st time
  • 07 Feb Monopoly invented by Charles Darrow symbol Rich Uncle Pennybags
  • 09 Feb US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson.
  • 10 Feb 1st US streamlined electric RR engine begins service
  • 11 Feb First US airplane flight with auto slung beneath the fuselage, New York.
  • 12 Feb Great airship, USS Macon, crashes into Pacific Ocean.
  • 13 Feb First US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris, in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • 15 Feb The discovery and clinical development of Prontosil, the first broadly effective antibacterial drug, is published in a series of articles in Germany's pre-eminent medical journal, ''Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift'', by Gerhard Domagk.
  • 20 Feb Karoline Mikkelson is 1st woman on Antarctica
  • 22 Feb Airplanes are no longer permitted to fly over the White House.
  • 26 Feb RADAR-Radio Detection and Ranging 1st demonstrated (Robert Watson-Watt)
  • 28 Feb Amsterdam Hotel of the Red Lion gets sidewalk permit
  • 01 Mar İsmet İnönü forms the new government in Turkey. (8th government During Atatürk's presidency, İnönü had served seven times as a prime minister)
  • 05 Mar First premature baby health law in US (Chicago, Illinois).
  • 06 Mar Frank Bartell (Czechoslovakia), cycles record 80.584 mph in Los Angeles.
  • 07 Mar Saar incorporated into Germany.
  • 08 Mar Hachikō, the loyal dog who was remembered for his loyalty to his owner, even many years after his owners death, passes away on the very same spot he had waited for over nine years.
  • 09 Mar March 9 ampndash Porky Pig makes his debut as the first major Looney Tunes character in I Haven't Got a Hat.
  • 11 Mar Bank of Canada opens
  • 12 Mar England establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns and villages.
  • 14 Mar 36-Folsom becomes 1st line to use 1-man streetcars
  • 16 Mar Hitler orders German rearmament, violating Versailles Treaty
  • 17 Mar KSO-AM in Des Moines Iowa call sign is given to KWCR
  • 19 Mar A riot breaks out in Harlem, NYC, after a rumor that police killed a shoplifter in the S. H. Kress amp Co. department store circulates.
  • 20 Mar Your Hit Parade makes its debut on radio.
  • 21 Mar Persia officially renamed Iran.
  • 22 Mar Blood tests are authorized as evidence in court cases (New York).
  • 23 Mar Signing of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
  • 26 Mar RvJ Mitchell and Major Sorley discuss armament of Spitfire
  • 28 Mar Goddard uses gyroscopes to control a rocket.
  • 29 Mar French liner Normandie begins its maiden voyage
  • 31 Mar Fusahige Suzuki runs world record marathon (2:07:09).
  • 01 Apr First radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, New York.
  • 02 Apr Mary Hirsch, becomes 1st woman licensed as a horse trainer
  • 03 Apr Yasuo Ikenada runs world record marathon (2:26:44).
  • 05 Apr Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election.
  • 06 Apr H Levitt sinks 499 basketball free throws, misses and sinks 371 more.
  • 08 Apr Works Progress Administration approved by US Congress.
  • 12 Apr Your Hit Parade, debuts on radio
  • 14 Apr Sandstorm ravages US midwest (Dust Bowl)
  • 15 Apr Another massive dust storm in the USA becomes known as "Black Sunday".
  • 17 Apr Provincial-National elections (Musserts NSB achieves 7.9% / 44 chairs)
  • 18 Apr Netherlands election (Musserts NSB wins 8% of vote)
  • 19 Apr 39th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Massachusetts in 2:32:07.4.
  • 21 Apr King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties.
  • 23 Apr The Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted.
  • 24 Apr William Christian Bullitt, Jr., the US ambassador to Moscow, hosted the elaborately prepared Spring Ball of the Full Moon which is said to have surpassed all other embassy parties in Moscow's history.
  • 27 Apr FA Cup Sheffield Wednesday beat West Bromwich Albion 4–2 at Wembley
  • 28 Apr Moscow underground opens (81 km long).
  • 29 Apr The first edition of the Vuelta a España is raced and goes on to become one of the 3 Grand Tours of road bicycle racing.
  • 01 May Boulder Dam is completed.
  • 04 May 61st Kentucky Derby: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 2:05.
  • 06 May British King George and Queen Mary celebrates silver jubilee
  • 08 May Cin Red Ernie Lombardi doubles in 6th, 7th, 8th and 9th beat Phils 15-4
  • 11 May 61st Preakness: Willie Saunders aboard Omaha wins in 1:58.4.
  • 12 May Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob Smith (founders of Alcoholics Anonymous) meet for the first time in Akron, Ohio, at the home of Henrietta Siberling.
  • 14 May Griffith Planetarium opens in LA
  • 15 May Pirates beat Phillies 20-5
  • 18 May Harold Gimblett scores 123 in 80 minutes on cricket debut for Somerset.
  • 19 May NFL adopts an annual college draft to begin in 1936.
  • 23 May 1st scheduled night game, postponed due to rain (Cincinnati)
  • 24 May Swedish Princess Ingrid marries Danish crown Prince Frederik (IX)
  • 25 May Jesse Owens of Ohio State University breaks three world records and ties a fourth at the Big Ten Conference Track and Field Championships in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
  • 27 May US Supreme Court declares President Franklin Roosevelt's National Recovery Act unconstitutional.
  • 29 May Hague local museum opens
  • 30 May Eventual Baseball Hall of Famer Babe Ruth appears in his last career game, playing for the Boston Braves in Philadelphia against the Phillies.
  • 31 May Babe Ruth grounds out in his final at bat
  • 01 Jun Driving test and license plates introduced in England
  • 02 Jun Babe Ruth, 40, announces his retirement as a player
  • 03 Jun French Normandie sets Atlantic crossing record of 1,077 hours
  • 08 Jun 39th US Golf Open: Sam Parks Jr shoots a 299 at Oakmont Country Club - Pennsylvania
  • 10 Jun Dr. Robert Smith takes his last drink, and Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio, United States, by him and Bill Wilson.
  • 12 Jun Weapons pact ends 3 year war of Gran Chaco (Bolivia vs. Paraguay)
  • 13 Jun Hammond scores his 100th hundred, 116 for Gloucs vs. Somerset
  • 14 Jun Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay ends.
  • 18 Jun Anglo-German Naval Agreement: Britain agrees to a German navy equal to 35% of her own naval tonnage.
  • 23 Jun Anthony Eden offers Mussolini, Somalian harbor
  • 25 Jun Joe Louis defeats Primo Carnera in boxing at Yankee Stadium, New York.
  • 26 Jun Lloyd Waner sets record of 18 putouts in center in doubleheader
  • 28 Jun FDR ordersa federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox Kentucky
  • 30 Jun The Senegalese Socialist Party holds its first congress.
  • 01 Jul General Neth Persbureau (ANP) forms in Amsterdam
  • 02 Jul Great Britain boxers beat US team in first international Golden Gloves.
  • 05 Jul 1st Hawaii Calls radio program is broadcast
  • 06 Jul 48th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats H Jacobs (63 36 75)
  • 08 Jul 3rd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-1 at Municipal Stadium, Cleveland
  • 12 Jul Belgium recognizes Soviet Union
  • 13 Jul Richard Strauss resigns as Chairman of Reichskulturkammer
  • 16 Jul 1st automatic parking meter in US installed (Oklahoma City, Ok)
  • 18 Jul Amsterdam city council accept city growth plan through the year 2000
  • 20 Jul 1st broadcast of Gang Busters on NBC-radio
  • 22 Jul Lester Walton appointed Minister to Liberia
  • 23 Jul Airplane crashes into the Empire State Building
  • 24 Jul 1st greeting telegram sent in Britain
  • 25 Jul August 20 ampndash The seventh and last congress of the Comintern is held.
  • 27 Jul Floods at Yangtzee Jiang and Hoangh, kills 200,000
  • 28 Jul First flight of the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress.
  • 30 Jul 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution
  • 31 Jul 3rd Dutch government of Colijn sworn in
  • 05 Aug The Leo Burnett Advertising Agency opens in Chicago, Illinois.
  • 07 Aug 60% of voters agrees to Nazism in Danzig (Gdansk)
  • 11 Aug Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews
  • 14 Aug Social Security Act becomes law.
  • 20 Aug Military coup by General Pons and President Ibarra in Ecuador
  • 23 Aug The Banking Act of 1935 becomes law, removing the Treasury Secretary and the comptroller of currency from the Federal Reserve Board.
  • 26 Aug CCC camp opens in Brecksville Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks
  • 29 Aug 2nd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 5, All-Stars 0 (77,450)
  • 31 Aug FDR signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents
  • 02 Sep A hurricane slams the Florida Keys killing 423.
  • 03 Sep Andrew Varipapa sets bowling record of 2,652 points in ten games.
  • 08 Sep Willy de Supervise swims runs world record 200 m freestyle (2:25.2)
  • 11 Sep 49th US Womens Tennis: H H Jacobs beats Sarah H Palfrey Fabyan (62 64)
  • 12 Sep 55th US Mens Tennis: Wilmer L Allison beats Sidney B Wood (62 62 63)
  • 13 Sep Rockslide near Whirlpool Rapids Bridge ends the International Railway (New York : Ontario).
  • 15 Sep Nazi Germany adopts a new national flag with the swastika.
  • 20 Sep Pitts Crawfords beat the New York Cubans to win Negro NL Championship, 3-0
  • 22 Sep Boston Braves lose NL record 110th game of year en route to 115
  • 24 Sep Earl Bascom and Weldon Bascom produce the first rodeo ever held outdoors under electric lights at Columbia, Mississippi
  • 27 Sep Chicago Cubs win 21st consecutive game and clinch NL pennant
  • 29 Sep 5th Ryder Cup: US, 9-3 at Ridgewood Country Club - New Jersey
  • 30 Sep The Hoover Dam, astride the border between the U.S. states of Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated.
  • 02 Oct New York Hayden Planetarium, the fourth in the US, opens.
  • 03 Oct Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy invades Ethiopia under General de Bono.
  • 06 Oct Italian army occupies Adua Abyssinia
  • 07 Oct Himmler / Hess / Heydrich bezichtigen concentration camp Dachau
  • 08 Oct Ozzie Nelson marries Harriet Hilliard (Ozzie and Harriet).
  • 10 Oct Porgy & Bess, by George Gershwin, New York premiere
  • 12 Oct Cole Porters musical Jubilee, premieres in New York City
  • 14 Oct In the Canadian federal election, the Liberal Party of William Lyon Mackenzie King wins a majority government, defeating the Conservative Party of Prime Minister R. B. Bennett.
  • 17 Oct Pacific Association of Amateur Athletic Union votes not to participate in Berlin Olympics.
  • 19 Oct The League of Nations places economic sanctions on fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
  • 20 Oct 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid
  • 21 Oct Hank Greenberg is unanimously selected as American League Most Valuable Player.
  • 22 Oct 18th PGA Championship: Johnny Revolta at Twin Hills Country Club - Oklahoma City
  • 23 Oct Gabby Hartnett selected NL MVP
  • 24 Oct Judge Landis fines ump George Moriarty, Cubs Manager Charlie Grimm and Chicago players W English, B Jurges and B Herman for actions in World Series
  • 25 Oct Hurricane-produced floods kill 2,000 in Jeremie and Jacmel, Haiti.
  • 27 Oct SDAP and NVV launchs Plan for Work in Utrect Netherlands
  • 03 Nov Kitei Son runs world record marathon (2:26:42)
  • 05 Nov Maryland Court of Appeals orders University of Maryland to admit (black) Donald Murray.
  • 06 Nov 1st test flight of British Hurricane aircraft
  • 07 Nov 23rd CFL Grey Cup: Winnipeg Winnipegs defeats Hamilton Tigers, 18-12
  • 09 Nov Japan invades Shanghai China
  • 11 Nov American Explorer 2 balloon sets altitude record of 72,000 feet over South Dakota.
  • 13 Nov Anti-British riots in Egypt
  • 14 Nov FDR proclaims Philippine Islands a free commonwealth
  • 15 Nov Commonwealth of Phillipines inaugurated.
  • 21 Nov 1st commercial crossing of Pacific by plane (China Clipper)
  • 22 Nov China Clipper (flying boat) takes off from Alameda, California, carrying 100,000 pieces of mail on first trans-Pacific airmail flight.
  • 23 Nov Jacques and Thérèse Tréfouël, Daniel Bovet and Federico Nitti, in the laboratory of Ernest Fourneau at the Pasteur Institute in Paris, discover that sulfanilamide is the active component of Prontosil.J. et T. Tréfouël, F. Nitti et D. Bovet, quotActivité du ''p''-aminophénylsulfamide sur l’infection streptococcique expérimentale de la souris et du lapinquot, ''C. R. Soc. Biol.'', '''120''', 23 november 1935, p. 756
  • 24 Nov King George II returns to Greece after 12 years
  • 25 Nov Resident Institution for Social History (IISG) forms in Amsterdam
  • 29 Nov Michael Savage becomes 1st Labour Premier of New Zealand
  • 30 Nov The 1935 British-made film ''Scrooge'', the first all-talking film version of Charles Dickens classic, opens in the U.S. after its British release.
  • 05 Dec National Council of Negro Women forms by Mary McLeod Bethune (New York City, New York).
  • 09 Dec Walter Liggett, American newspaper editor and muckraker, is killed in gangland murder.
  • 10 Dec The Downtown Athletic Club Trophy, later renamed the Heisman Trophy, is awarded to halfback Jay Berwanger of the University of Chicago.
  • 12 Dec Lebensborn Project, a Nazi reproduction program, is founded by Heinrich Himmler.
  • 15 Dec Max Euwe becomes world champion chess player beating Alexander Aljechin.
  • 17 Dec First flight of the Douglas DC-3 airplane.
  • 20 Dec Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Ad Catholici Sacerdotii
  • 22 Dec Yaeko Iwasaki, student of D S Harada Roshi, 1st awakening in Kamakura
  • 24 Dec National Council of Negro Women forms
  • 27 Dec Mao Zedong issues the Wayaopao Manifesto, ''On Tactics Against Japanese Imperialism'', calling for a National United Front against the Japanese Invasion.
  • 28 Dec W P A Federal Art Project Gallery opens in New York City
  • 30 Dec Italian bombers destroy Swedish Red Cross unit in Ethiopia.
  • 31 Dec Charles Darrow patents Monopoly