1938

1938 saw a world on the edge of war once again. World War II was to begin in 1939, so it is no surprise that most of the major events of 1938 involve events that led up to that war.

1938

In February, Adolf Hitler abolished the old German War Ministry and established the High Command of the Armed Forces in its stead. This allowed him to take direct control of the German military. Hitler continued to move quickly. Just the following month, German troops occupied Austria and annexation was officially declared. Austria was now officially a part of Hitler’s Third Reich. Also in March, Hitler’s counterpart in Italy, Benito Mussolini also took greater control of his country’s military. Mussolini was declared First Marshal of the Empire, on equal footing with Italy’s King Victor Emmanuel III, who had not yet abdicated his throne.

Tensions were very high in 1938 between Germany and Czechoslovakia over the Sudetenland, a region of Czechoslovakia that held a high concentration of ethnic Germans. Hitler wanted the territory to be ceded to Germany, using the poor surrender terms of World War I to justify Germany’s claim to the territory. The Sudetenland had been part of Austria until the end of the First World War. After coming to the brink of war, the Sudetenland was ceded to Germany at the Munich Agreement. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain headed the negotiations, and at the conclusion of the talks he tragically and ironically declared “Peace for our time.”

Significant steps were also taken this year toward the Nazi Holocaust. In October, Jewish passports were invalidated in Germany. Those Jews who needed a passport for the purposes of emigration were given passports with the letter “J” (“Jude” or “Jew”) marked on them. On November 9, the infamous Kristallnacht occurred, during which Nazi activists looted and burned thousands of Jewish businesses and places of worship.

Discover how the world looked like in 1938

Oscar

Oscar Winners

All Academy Awards Prize winners of the 11st edition of the Oscar ceremony


Best picture

You Can't Take It with You

You Can't Take It with You

You Can't Take It with You

Directed by: Frank Capra

Starring: Jean Arthur, James Stewart, Lionel Barrymore, Edward Arnold

Country: United States of America

Best director

Frank Capra

You Can't Take It With You

You Can't Take It With You

Directed by: Frank Capra, C.C. Coleman

Best actor

Spencer Tracy

Boys Town

Boys Town

Directed by: Norman Taurog

Starring: Spencer Tracy, Mickey Rooney, Henry Hull, Leslie Fenton

Country: United States of America

Best actress

Bette Davis

Jezebel

Jezebel

Directed by: William Wyler

Starring: Bette Davis, Henry Fonda, George Brent, Margaret Lindsay

Country: United States of America

Best supporting actress

Fay Bainter

Jezebel

Jezebel

Directed by: William Wyler

Starring: Bette Davis, Henry Fonda, George Brent, Margaret Lindsay

Country: United States of America

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1938


Physics

  • Enrico Fermi

Peace Prize

  • Nansen International Office For Refugees

Literature

  • Pearl S. Buck

Chemistry

  • Richard Kuhn

Physiology or Medicine

  • Corneille Heymans

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Bringing Up Baby

Bringing Up Baby

Directed by: Howard Hawks

Starring: Katharine Hepburn, Cary Grant, Charles Ruggles, Walter Catlett

Country: United States of America

You Can't Take It with You

You Can't Take It with You

Directed by: Frank Capra

Starring: Jean Arthur, James Stewart, Lionel Barrymore, Edward Arnold

Country: United States of America

Angels with Dirty Faces

Angels with Dirty Faces

Directed by: Michael Curtiz

Starring: James Cagney, Pat O'Brien, Humphrey Bogart, Ann Sheridan

Country: United States of America

The Lady Vanishes

The Lady Vanishes

Directed by: Alfred Hitchcock

Starring: Margaret Lockwood, Michael Redgrave, Paul Lukas, May Whitty

Country: United States of America

Holiday

Holiday

Directed by: George Cukor

Starring: Katharine Hepburn, Cary Grant, Doris Nolan, Lew Ayres

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1938 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1938?


Events

  • 02 Jan Book publisher Simon and Schuster is founded.
  • 03 Jan The March of Dimes is established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • 05 Jan US Justice George Sutherland retires from the US Supreme Court at age 75.
  • 06 Jan Bronze memorial statue of Henry Hudson erected in the Bronx.
  • 07 Jan Joseph P. Kennedy is appointed American Ambassador to Great Britain, and Hugh R. Wilson is appointed Ambassador to Germany.
  • 11 Jan Frances Moulton is the first woman to become president of a U.S. national bank.
  • 12 Jan The German War Minister Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg marries Eva Gruhn in Berlin Hermann Göring is best man at the wedding.
  • 13 Jan The Disney film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs has its New York premiere, at Radio City Music Hall.
  • 14 Jan National Society for the Legalization of Euthanasia formed (New York).
  • 15 Jan Solicitor General Stanley Reed is appointed to the US Supreme Court.
  • 16 Jan Benny Goodman refuses to play Carnegie Hall when black members of his band were barred from performing
  • 17 Jan Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman.
  • 18 Jan Pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexander is elected to the Hall of Fame.
  • 19 Jan General Motors begins mass production of diesel engines.
  • 20 Jan King Farouk of Egypt marries Queen Farida Zulficar in Cairo.
  • 21 Jan Dutch government starts obligatory unemployment insurance.
  • 22 Jan Thornton Wilder's play ''Our Town'' is performed for the first time anywhere in Princeton, New Jersey. It premieres in New York City on February 4.
  • 25 Jan A brilliant aurora borealis described variously as quota curtain of firequot and a quothuge blood-red beam of lightquot startles people across Europe and is visible as far south as Gibraltar.
  • 28 Jan The World Land Speed Record on a public road is broken by driver Rudolf Caracciola in the Mercedes-Benz W195 at a speed of 432.7 kilometres per hour (268.9 mph).
  • 04 Feb Our Town, by Thornton Wilder opens on Broadway
  • 05 Feb Hans Engnestangen skates world record 500 metre (41.8 seconds).
  • 06 Feb Black Sunday at Bondi Beach, Sydney, Australia: 300 swimmers are dragged out to sea in 3 freak waves 80 lifesavers save all but 5.
  • 10 Feb King Carol II of Romania drives out dictator Goga.
  • 11 Feb Steve Casey beats Lou Thesz in Boston, to become wrestling champion.
  • 12 Feb Austrian chancellor Schuschnigg visits Hitler in Berchtesgaden
  • 14 Feb The British naval base at Singapore begins operations.
  • 16 Feb US Federal Crop Insurance program authorized.
  • 19 Feb Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark.
  • 20 Feb UK Foreign Secretary Eden resigns, says Prime Minister Chamberlain appeased Germany
  • 23 Feb Joe Louis knocks out Nathan Mann in three rounds for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 24 Feb Du Pont begins commercial production of nylon toothbrush bristles.
  • 25 Feb British Lord Halifax becomes Foreign Minister.
  • 26 Feb US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer.
  • 27 Feb Britain and France recognize Franco government in Spain.
  • 02 Mar Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union.
  • 03 Mar Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia.
  • 07 Mar The US signs reciprocal trade treaty with Czechoslovakia.
  • 11 Mar Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country
  • 12 Mar Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
  • 13 Mar World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.
  • 14 Mar French Premier Léon Blum reassures the Czechoslovak government that France will honor its treaty obligations to aid Czechoslovakia in event of German invasion.
  • 15 Mar Soviet Union announces officially that Nikholai Bukharin has been executed.
  • 16 Mar Temple defeats Colorado to win 1st NIT
  • 17 Mar Poland presents an ultimatum to Lithuania, to establish normal diplomatic relations that were severed over the Vilnius Region.
  • 18 Mar Mexico takes control of foreign-owned oil properties
  • 23 Mar Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis frees 74 Saint Louis Cardinals' minor league players.
  • 27 Mar Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.
  • 01 Apr Joe Louis knocks out Harry Thomas in five rounds for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 04 Apr 5th Golf Masters Championship: Henry Picard wins, shooting a 285.
  • 05 Apr Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa, Poland.
  • 08 Apr The House of Representatives kills the Reorganization Bill.
  • 10 Apr 2nd government of Blum replaced by Daladier government in France
  • 12 Apr First US law requiring medical tests (syphilis test) for marriage licenses (New York).
  • 15 Apr Disney's Donald Duck film Donald's Nephews is released to theaters in the USA. Characters Huey, Dewey, and Louie make their film debut.
  • 16 Apr Great-Britain recognizes Italian annexation of Abyssinia
  • 18 Apr Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland
  • 19 Apr 42nd Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of Rhode Island in 2:35:34.8.
  • 23 Apr Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self-government.
  • 24 Apr Lindenheuvel soccer team forms.
  • 26 Apr Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks.
  • 28 Apr King Zog of Albania marries Countess Geraldine of Hungary.
  • 30 Apr Bradman scores 258 Aust vs. Worcs, 293 mins, 33 fours 1 five
  • 02 May Ella Fitzgerald records A-Tisket, A-Tasket
  • 03 May Vatican recognizes Francesco Franco as head of Spain.
  • 04 May Douglas Hyde (a Protestant) becomes first president of Eire.
  • 06 May Dutch writer Maurits Dekker sentenced to 50 days for "offending a friendly head of state" (Adolf Hitler).
  • 07 May Dutch Minister of Justice Goseling calls fugitives of Nazi-Germany undesired strangers
  • 09 May Kaarel Eenpalu becomes prime minister of Estonia.
  • 10 May Banning speech on anti-fascism demonstration in Amsterdam
  • 12 May Sandoz Labs manufactures LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide).
  • 13 May US Congress passes the $1.156 billion Naval Expansion Bill.
  • 14 May English soccer team beats Nazi-Germany, 6-3
  • 15 May Paul-Henri Spak forms red coalition of Belgium.
  • 16 May 38 die in Terminal Hotel fire (Atlanta, Georgia, USA).
  • 17 May Radio quiz show Information Please! debuts on NBC Blue Network.
  • 20 May Czechoslovakia orders a partial mobilization of its armed forces along the German border.
  • 21 May Matsuo Toi kills 30 people in a village in Okayama, Japan, in the Tsuyama massacre, the world's worst spree killing by an individual until 1982.
  • 22 May Dodgers announce contracts to install lights at Ebbets Field
  • 23 May Temporarily frustrated by the Czechoslovak mobilization and international diplomatic unity in the face of German demands over the Sudetenland, Hitler orders the Foreign Office to assure the Czechoslovaks that he has no demands on their territory. The world at large mistakenly believes the crisis is averted.
  • 25 May Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths.
  • 26 May House Committee on Un-American Activities begins work.
  • 28 May Foundation for Tel Aviv harbor is laid.
  • 30 May Poland who had its eyes on the Teschen region of Czechoslovakia was reassured by Rumania that it would block any attempt by the Soviet Union to come to the aid of the Czechs in the event of a Polish invasion.
  • 01 Jun Protective baseball helmets 1st worn by batters
  • 03 Jun German law on Entartete Art legalizes art robbery
  • 04 Jun 70th Belmont: James Stout aboard Pasteurized wins in 2:29.6
  • 06 Jun Sigmund Freud arrives in London
  • 07 Jun 1st play telecast with original Broadway cast, Susan & God
  • 09 Jun Second Chamber agrees to return Jews to Nazi-Germany
  • 10 Jun Charlie Barnett makes 98 by lunch vs. Australia at Trent Bridge
  • 11 Jun 42nd US Golf Open: Ralph Guldahl shoots a 284 at Cherry Hills Denver
  • 12 Jun June 18 ampndash The Roma and Sinti peoples in Germany and Austria are rounded up, beaten up and jailed.
  • 13 Jun Jews injured and property destroyed in Przemyal Poland
  • 14 Jun Dorothy Lathrop wins the first Caldecott Medal (kid books author).
  • 15 Jun 1st night game at Brooklyn Ebbets Field (Reds 6, Dodgers 0) as Cin Red Johnny Vander Meer hurls unprecedented 2nd consecutive no-hitter
  • 16 Jun Jimmie Foxx is walked a record 6 consecutive times by Browns
  • 17 Jun Japan declares war on China
  • 18 Jun Babe Ruth is signed as a Dodgers coach for the rest of the season
  • 19 Jun Olympian Flyer express train crashes in Montana, USA, killing 47.
  • 22 Jun Joe Louis knocks out Max Schmeling at 2:04 of first round at Yankee Stadium in New York to retain heavyweight championship.
  • 23 Jun Civil Aeronautics Authority (US) established
  • 24 Jun 500 ton meteorite lands near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 25 Jun A Tisket A Tasket by Ella Fitzgerald with Chick Webb hits #1
  • 26 Jun Cin Red Lonny Frey hits 8 doubles in a doubleheader
  • 28 Jun Queen Victoria ascends to British throne
  • 30 Jun ''Action Comics #1'' is published, which is the first publication featuring the comic book character ''Superman''.
  • 01 Jul 58th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats Henry Austin (61 60 63)
  • 02 Jul 51st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (64 60)
  • 03 Jul World speed record for a steam railway locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 126 miles per hour (203 km/h).
  • 04 Jul 1st game at Shribe Park, Phila; Braves beat Phillies 10-5
  • 05 Jul The Non-Intervention Committee reaches an agreement to withdraw all foreign volunteers from the Spanish Civil War. The agreement is respected by most Republican foreign volunteers, notably by those from England and the United States, but is ignored by the governments of Germany and Italy.
  • 06 Jul 6th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-1 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati
  • 10 Jul Yankee Clipper completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic
  • 14 Jul Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish / African manifest
  • 16 Jul 21st PGA Championship: Paul Runyan at Shawnee Country Club - Shawnee-on-Del, Pennsylvania
  • 17 Jul Douglas (Wrong Way) Corrigan leaves New York for LA, wound up in Ireland
  • 18 Jul Douglas Wrong Way Corrigan arrives in Ireland-left New York for California
  • 20 Jul The United States Department of Justice files suit in New York City against the motion picture industry charging violations of the Sherman Antitrust Act in regards to the studio system. The case would eventually result in a break-up of the industry in 1948.
  • 21 Jul Paul Hindemith and Leonide Massines ballet premieres in London
  • 22 Jul Britain rejected a proposal from its ambassador in Berlin, Nevile Henderson, for a four power summit on Czechoslovakia consisting of Britain, France, Germany and the U.S.S.R. London would under no circumstances accept the U.S.S.R. as a diplomatic partner.
  • 23 Jul Bradman scores 103 in 178 minutes on a Headingley sticky, 3rd Test
  • 24 Jul Instant coffee invented
  • 25 Jul Jewish artisans not allowed in Germany
  • 26 Jul 1st radio broadcast of Young Widder Brown on NBC
  • 28 Jul 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • 29 Jul Comic strip Dennis the Menace, 1st appears
  • 30 Jul Gen Metaxas names himself Premier of Greece
  • 31 Jul Bulgaria signs a non-aggression pact with Greece and other states of Balkan Antanti (Turkey, Romania, Yugoslavia).
  • 02 Aug 1st test of a yellow baseball (Dodgers vs. Cardinals)
  • 04 Aug Lord Runciman arrives in Prague to act as Neville Chamberlain's special envoy in the continuing Sudetenland disturbances.
  • 05 Aug 33rd Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Philadelphia (3-2)
  • 06 Aug The Looney Tunes animated short ''Porky amp Daffy'' is released.
  • 07 Aug Leo Durocher, hits 2,000th Dodger home run
  • 08 Aug The building of Mauthausen concentration camp begins.
  • 10 Aug 119 degrees F (48 degrees C), Pendleton, Oregon (state record).
  • 11 Aug German commercial plane flies non-stop 25 hours from Berlin to New York.
  • 17 Aug 1st aircraft owned by Forest Service in service (Oakland)
  • 18 Aug FDR dedicates Thousand Islands Bridge connecting US and Canada
  • 20 Aug Lou Gehrig hits his 23rd career grand slam : a record that still stands.
  • 21 Aug Italy bars all Jewish teachers in Public and High School
  • 22 Aug Civil Aeronautics Authority (independent agency).
  • 23 Aug English cricketer Len Hutton sets a world record for the highest individual Test innings of 364, during a Test match against Australia.
  • 24 Aug England beat Australia by an innings and 579 runs at The Oval
  • 26 Aug British leaders and Arabians fight in Palestine
  • 27 Aug Yanks Monte Pearson no-hits Indians 13-0, DiMaggio hits 3 triples
  • 28 Aug Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria
  • 31 Aug 5th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 28, Washington 16 (74,250)
  • 01 Sep Mussolini cancels civil rights of Italian Jews
  • 02 Sep Soviet Ambassador to Britain Ivan Maisky calls on Winston Churchill, to tell him that Soviet Foreign Commissar Maxim Litvinov has expressed to the French chargé d'affaires in Moscow that the Soviet Union is willing to fight over the territorial integrity of Czechoslovakia.
  • 03 Sep 1940 Olympic site changed from Tokyo Japan to Helsinki Finland
  • 04 Sep Vainio Muinonen wins 2nd European marathoner (2:37:28.8)
  • 05 Sep Chile: A group of youths affiliated with the fascist National Socialist Movement of Chile are assassinated in the Seguro Obrero massacre.
  • 06 Sep Wilhelmina celebrates 40th anniversary jubilee as Dutch Queen
  • 07 Sep ''The Times'' publishes a lead article which calls on Czechoslovakia to cede the Sudetenland to Germany.
  • 09 Sep U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt disallows the popular interpretation of Bullitt's speech at a press conference at the White House. Roosevelt states it is quot100% wrongquot the U.S. would join a quotstop-Hitler blocquot under any circumstances, and makes it quite clear that in the event of German aggression against Czechoslovakia, the U.S. would remain neutral.
  • 10 Sep Hermann Göring, in a speech at Nuremberg, calls the Czechs a quotmiserable pygmy racequot who are quotharassing the human race.quot That same evening, Edvard Beneš, President of Czechoslovakia, makes a broadcast in which he appeals for calm.
  • 12 Sep Adolph Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech
  • 13 Sep The followers of Konrad Henlein begin an armed revolt against the Czechoslovak government in Sudetenland. Martial law is declared and after much bloodshed on both sides order is temporarily restored. Neville Chamberlain personally sends a telegram to Hitler urgently requesting that they both meet.
  • 15 Sep John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 350.2 MPH (lasts one day).
  • 17 Sep 52nd US Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Nancye Wynne Bolton (60 63)
  • 18 Sep Chicago Bears beat Green Bay Packers 2-0
  • 21 Sep Hurricane (winds 183 MPH) in New England (Long Island, New York, New Jersey) kills 500-700, wrecking tens of millions of dollars in property.
  • 23 Sep British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain sends Adolf Hitler's demands to Czechoslovakia.
  • 24 Sep Alice Marble wins her 2nd singles US tennis title
  • 26 Sep Hitler issues ultimatum to Czech government, demanding Sudenten Land
  • 27 Sep British ocean liner Queen Elizabeth, launches at Clydebank Scotland
  • 28 Sep Dutch Premier Colijn sends radio message No war coming
  • 29 Sep 1st archival course is offered at Columbia University in New York City
  • 30 Sep British Premier Chamberlain arrives in Munich
  • 01 Oct Cubs clinch NL pennant
  • 02 Oct Indian Bob Feller strikes out record 18 Tigers (Chester Laabs 5 times)
  • 04 Oct The Republican forces in the Spanish Civil War begin withdrawing their foreign volunteers from combat as agreed on July 5.
  • 06 Oct Yanks Lefty Gomez sets record of 6 World Series wins without a loss
  • 07 Oct Germany demands all Jewish passports stamped with the letter J.
  • 09 Oct A Copland and E Lorings ballet Billy the Kid, premieres in Chicago
  • 14 Oct Nazis plan Jewish ghettos for all major cities
  • 15 Oct Robert Sherwoods Abe Lincoln in Illinois, premieres in New York City
  • 16 Oct Winston Churchill, in a broadcast address to the United States, condemns the Munich Agreement as a defeat and calls upon America and western Europe to prepare for armed resistance against Hitler.
  • 18 Oct The German government expels 12,000 Polish Jews living in Germany the Polish government accepts 4,000 and refuses admittance to the remaining 8,000, who are forced to live in the no-man's land on the German-Polish frontier.
  • 21 Oct Japanese troops capture Canton, main southern China port.
  • 22 Oct Chester Carlson demonstrates 1st Xerox copying machine
  • 24 Oct US forbids child labor in factories
  • 25 Oct Japanese troops occupies Hankou andWuhan
  • 26 Oct Du Pont named its new synthetic fiber nylon
  • 27 Oct DuPont announces its new synthetic fiber will be called "nylon".
  • 28 Oct Farewell parade of International Brigade (Barcelona)
  • 30 Oct Orson Welles broadcasts his radio play of H. G. Wells' The War of the Worlds, causing a nationwide (USA) panic. About a million radio listeners believe that a real Martian invasion is underway.
  • 01 Nov German Colonel-General Gerd von Runstedt retires
  • 02 Nov Jimmie Foxx wins his 3rd AL MVP
  • 04 Nov At a public meeting in Epping, Winston Churchill narrowly survives an attempt by fellow Conservative and constituent Sir Colin Thornton-Kemsley to remove him from Parliament.
  • 06 Nov 3 DiMaggio brothers play together for 1st time, charity all star game
  • 08 Nov 1st black woman legislator, Crystal Bird Fauset of Philadelphia
  • 09 Nov Crystal Night - Germans break windows owned by Jews
  • 10 Nov 8.3 earthquake shakes East of Shumagin Islands, Alaska
  • 11 Nov German and Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in Nazi
  • 12 Nov French Finance Minister Paul Reynaud brings into effect a series of laws aiming at improving French productivity (thus aiming to undo the economic weaknesses which led to Munich), and undoes most of the economic and social laws of the Popular Front.
  • 14 Nov Dutch DC3 crashes at Schiphol, 6 die
  • 15 Nov Farewell Parade of International Brigades in Barcelona
  • 16 Nov K B Regiment refuses round-table conference in East-India
  • 17 Nov Italy passes their own version of the anti-Jewish Nuremberg laws.
  • 18 Nov Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • 20 Nov First documented anti-Semitic remarks over US radio (by Father Coughlin).
  • 21 Nov Nazi forces occupy western Czech and declared them German citizens
  • 24 Nov National Semi-Pro Basketball Congress authorizes yellow basketball.
  • 25 Nov French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet informs Léon Noël, the French Ambassador to Poland, that France should find an excuse for terminating the 1921 Franco-Polish alliance.
  • 29 Nov Mayor Oud of Rotterdam forbids soccer match between Neth-Germany
  • 30 Nov Fascist coup in Romania, fails
  • 01 Dec School bus and train collide in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
  • 06 Dec 117 Spanish knights under Captain Piet Laros return to the Netherlands
  • 07 Dec W9XZY broadcasts facsimile of the Saint Louis Post-Dispatch by radio.
  • 08 Dec Highest temperature for December in US recorded in La Mesa, California.
  • 10 Dec Ruth Fuller Sasaki, Zen teacher, Rinzai line, enters Zen priesthood.
  • 11 Dec New York Giants win NFL championship.
  • 13 Dec The Holocaust: The Neuengamme concentration camp opens in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, Germany.
  • 14 Dec Will Harridge is elected to a 10-year-term as American League (baseball) president.
  • 15 Dec Groundbreaking begins for Jefferson Memorial in Washington DC.
  • 16 Dec Adolf Hitler institutes the Cross of Honor of the German Mother
  • 17 Dec Utrecht Central Station destroyed by fire
  • 20 Dec Vladimir K Zworykin (Pennsylvania, USA) receives patent on the Iconoscope TV system.
  • 23 Dec Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa.
  • 27 Dec A massive avalanche of snow hits a construction worker dormitory site in Kurobe, Japan, killing 87.
  • 29 Dec Construction on Lake Washington Floating Bridge, in Seattle, Washington, begins.
  • 30 Dec Electronic television system patented (V K Zworykin)
  • 31 Dec The 8th International Conference of American States issues the Declaration of Lima, that the American countries agree to stand united against any threat.