1938: On This Year


1938 (MCMXXXVIII in Roman Numerals) was the year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1938th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations.

Is 1938 a year special to you? If so you may like to discover what 1938 was famous for, who won the Oscars and the Nobel Prizes in 1938, who was Time's Person of the Year in 1938, which books, music and movies were top of the charts in 1938, what Chinese zodiac sign is associated to 1938, what babynames were most popular that year, what was the World population on that year and what happend in 1938.

On this page we will address all your questions and curiosities about 1938 to help you enjoy your trip down memory lane.


What was 1938 known for ?

  • 1938 saw a world on the edge of war once again. World War II was to begin in 1939, so it is no surprise that most of the major events of 1938 involve events that led up to that war.
  • In February, Adolf Hitler abolished the old German War Ministry and established the High Command of the Armed Forces in its stead. This allowed him to take direct control of the German military. Hitler continued to move quickly. Just the following month, German troops occupied Austria and annexation was officially declared. Austria was now officially a part of Hitler’s Third Reich. Also in March, Hitler’s counterpart in Italy, Benito Mussolini also took greater control of his country’s military. Mussolini was declared First Marshal of the Empire, on equal footing with Italy’s King Victor Emmanuel III, who had not yet abdicated his throne.
  • Tensions were very high in 1938 between Germany and Czechoslovakia over the Sudetenland, a region of Czechoslovakia that held a high concentration of ethnic Germans. Hitler wanted the territory to be ceded to Germany, using the poor surrender terms of World War I to justify Germany’s claim to the territory. The Sudetenland had been part of Austria until the end of the First World War. After coming to the brink of war, the Sudetenland was ceded to Germany at the Munich Agreement. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain headed the negotiations, and at the conclusion of the talks he tragically and ironically declared “Peace for our time.”
  • Significant steps were also taken this year toward the Nazi Holocaust. In October, Jewish passports were invalidated in Germany. Those Jews who needed a passport for the purposes of emigration were given passports with the letter “J” (“Jude” or “Jew”) marked on them. On November 9, the infamous Kristallnacht occurred, during which Nazi activists looted and burned thousands of Jewish businesses and places of worship.

Your place in the Universe on 1938

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1938: Oscar Winners of the Year

In 1938, during the 11th Academy Awards Cerimony, held on 23/02/1939 the following movies, actors, actresses and directors were awarded with the Oscar in 5 categories honoring the films released in 1938:

What movie won the Best Picture Oscar in 1938?

The Oscar for Best Movie went to You Can't Take It with You, directed by Frank Capra, starring Jean Arthur, James Stewart, Lionel Barrymore, Edward Arnold produced in the United States of America.

Who won the Best Director Oscar in 1938?

The Oscar for Best Director went to Frank Capra, for the movie You Can't Take It With You, starring produced in the .

Who won the Best Actor Oscar in 1938?

The Oscar for Best Actor went to Spencer Tracy, for the movie Boys Town, starring Spencer Tracy, Mickey Rooney, Henry Hull, Leslie Fenton produced in the United States of America.

Who won the Best Actress Oscar in 1938?

The Oscar for Best Actress went to Bette Davis, for the movie Jezebel, starring Bette Davis, Henry Fonda, George Brent, Margaret Lindsay produced in the United States of America.

Who won the Best Supporting Actress Oscar in 1938?

The Oscar for Best Supporting Actress went to Fay Bainter, for the movie Jezebel, starring Bette Davis, Henry Fonda, George Brent, Margaret Lindsay produced in the United States of America.
world population

1938: Who was Time's Person of the Year?

Adolf Hitler
In 1938, Adolf Hitler was named by TIME magazine as Person of the Year. As German Chancellor, Hitler oversaw the unification of Germany with Austria and the Sudetenland in 1938, after the Anschluss and Munich Agreement respectively.
Tiger chinese zodiac sign

1938: What was the Chinese Zodiac sign associated with the year 1938?

According to the Chinese Zodiac and Astrology 1938 was the Year of the Tiger.

Discover Zodiac Sign Characteristics and Personality Traits of people born under the Tiger sign.

Nobel Prize

1938: Nobel Prize Winners of the Year

1938: Who won the Nobel Peace Prize ?

In 1938 the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to:
  • Nansen International Office For Refugees
world population

1938: What were the most popular baby names in the USA that year ?

The 3 most popular baby names in 1938 were Robert, James and John for boys and Mary, Barbara and Patricia for girls according to the US Census Bureau historical records.

1938: What were the Top #10 male names given to baby boys that year?

The Top # 10 male names given to baby boys in 1938 in the USA according to the US Census Bureau historical records were:

  • Robert
  • James
  • John
  • William
  • Richard
  • Charles
  • Donald
  • David
  • Thomas
  • Ronald

1938: What were the Top #10 female names given to baby girls that year?

The Top # 10 female names given to baby girls in 1938 in the USA according to the US Census Bureau historical records were:

  • Mary
  • Barbara
  • Patricia
  • Betty
  • Shirley
  • Carol
  • Nancy
  • Dorothy
  • Margaret
  • Joan

1938: What were the most popular movies that year ?

The most popular movies and box office hits in 1938 were:

Bringing Up Baby

Release year: 1938

Directed by: Howard Hawks

Starring: Katharine Hepburn, Cary Grant, Charles Ruggles, Walter Catlett

Country: United States of America

The Adventures of Robin Hood

Release year: 1938

Directed by: Michael Curtiz, William Keighley

Starring: Errol Flynn, Olivia de Havilland, Basil Rathbone, Claude Rains

Country: United States of America

You Can't Take It with You

Release year: 1938

Directed by: Frank Capra

Starring: Jean Arthur, James Stewart, Lionel Barrymore, Edward Arnold

Country: United States of America

Angels with Dirty Faces

Release year: 1938

Directed by: Michael Curtiz

Starring: James Cagney, Pat O'Brien, Humphrey Bogart, Ann Sheridan

Country: United States of America

The Lady Vanishes

Release year: 1938

Directed by: Alfred Hitchcock

Starring: Margaret Lockwood, Michael Redgrave, Paul Lukas, May Whitty

Country: United States of America


What happened in 1938?

Here's what happened in 1938:

  • Jan 2, 1938: Book publisher Simon and Schuster is founded.
  • Jan 3, 1938: The March of Dimes is established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • Jan 5, 1938: US Justice George Sutherland retires from the US Supreme Court at age 75.
  • Jan 6, 1938: Bronze memorial statue of Henry Hudson erected in the Bronx.
  • Jan 7, 1938: Joseph P. Kennedy is appointed American Ambassador to Great Britain, and Hugh R. Wilson is appointed Ambassador to Germany.
  • Jan 11, 1938: Frances Moulton is the first woman to become president of a U.S. national bank.
  • Jan 12, 1938: The German War Minister Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg marries Eva Gruhn in Berlin Hermann Göring is best man at the wedding.
  • Jan 13, 1938: The Disney film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs has its New York premiere, at Radio City Music Hall.
  • Jan 14, 1938: National Society for the Legalization of Euthanasia formed (New York).
  • Jan 15, 1938: Solicitor General Stanley Reed is appointed to the US Supreme Court.
  • Jan 16, 1938: Benny Goodman refuses to play Carnegie Hall when black members of his band were barred from performing
  • Jan 17, 1938: Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as presidium chairman.
  • Jan 18, 1938: Pitcher Grover Cleveland Alexander is elected to the Hall of Fame.
  • Jan 19, 1938: General Motors begins mass production of diesel engines.
  • Jan 20, 1938: King Farouk of Egypt marries Queen Farida Zulficar in Cairo.
  • Jan 21, 1938: Dutch government starts obligatory unemployment insurance.
  • Jan 22, 1938: Thornton Wilder's play ''Our Town'' is performed for the first time anywhere in Princeton, New Jersey. It premieres in New York City on February 4.
  • Jan 25, 1938: A brilliant aurora borealis described variously as quota curtain of firequot and a quothuge blood-red beam of lightquot startles people across Europe and is visible as far south as Gibraltar.
  • Jan 28, 1938: The World Land Speed Record on a public road is broken by Rudolf Caracciola in the Mercedes-Benz W125 Rekordwagen at a speed of 432.7 kilometres per hour (268.9 mph).
  • Feb 4, 1938: Our Town, by Thornton Wilder opens on Broadway
  • Feb 5, 1938: Hans Engnestangen skates world record 500 metre (41.8 seconds).
  • Feb 6, 1938: Black Sunday at Bondi Beach, Sydney, Australia: 300 swimmers are dragged out to sea in 3 freak waves 80 lifesavers save all but 5.
  • Feb 10, 1938: King Carol II of Romania drives out dictator Goga.
  • Feb 11, 1938: Steve Casey beats Lou Thesz in Boston, to become wrestling champion.
  • Feb 12, 1938: Austrian chancellor Schuschnigg visits Hitler in Berchtesgaden
  • Feb 14, 1938: The British naval base at Singapore begins operations.
  • Feb 16, 1938: US Federal Crop Insurance program authorized.
  • Feb 19, 1938: Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark.
  • Feb 20, 1938: UK Foreign Secretary Eden resigns, says Prime Minister Chamberlain appeased Germany
  • Feb 23, 1938: Joe Louis knocks out Nathan Mann in three rounds for heavyweight boxing title.
  • Feb 24, 1938: Du Pont begins commercial production of nylon toothbrush bristles.
  • Feb 25, 1938: British Lord Halifax becomes Foreign Minister.
  • Feb 26, 1938: US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer.
  • Feb 27, 1938: Britain and France recognize Franco government in Spain.
  • Mar 2, 1938: Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union.
  • Mar 3, 1938: Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia.
  • Mar 7, 1938: The US signs reciprocal trade treaty with Czechoslovakia.
  • Mar 11, 1938: Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country
  • Mar 12, 1938: Nazi Germany invades Austria
  • Mar 13, 1938: World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.
  • Mar 14, 1938: French Premier Léon Blum reassures the Czechoslovak government that France will honor its treaty obligations to aid Czechoslovakia in event of German invasion.
  • Mar 15, 1938: Soviet Union announces officially that Nikholai Bukharin has been executed.
  • Mar 16, 1938: Temple defeats Colorado to win 1st NIT
  • Mar 17, 1938: Poland presents an ultimatum to Lithuania, to establish normal diplomatic relations that were severed over the Vilnius Region.
  • Mar 18, 1938: Mexico takes control of foreign-owned oil properties
  • Mar 23, 1938: Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis frees 74 Saint Louis Cardinals' minor league players.
  • Mar 27, 1938: Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.
  • Apr 1, 1938: Joe Louis knocks out Harry Thomas in five rounds for heavyweight boxing title.
  • Apr 4, 1938: 5th Golf Masters Championship: Henry Picard wins, shooting a 285.
  • Apr 5, 1938: Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa, Poland.
  • Apr 8, 1938: The House of Representatives kills the Reorganization Bill.
  • Apr 10, 1938: 2nd government of Blum replaced by Daladier government in France
  • Apr 12, 1938: First US law requiring medical tests (syphilis test) for marriage licenses (New York).
  • Apr 15, 1938: Disney's Donald Duck film Donald's Nephews is released to theaters in the USA. Characters Huey, Dewey, and Louie make their film debut.
  • Apr 16, 1938: Great-Britain recognizes Italian annexation of Abyssinia
  • Apr 18, 1938: Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland
  • Apr 19, 1938: 42nd Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of Rhode Island in 2:35:34.8.
  • Apr 23, 1938: Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self-government.
  • Apr 24, 1938: Lindenheuvel soccer team forms.
  • Apr 26, 1938: Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks.
  • Apr 28, 1938: King Zog of Albania marries Countess Geraldine of Hungary.
  • Apr 30, 1938: Bradman scores 258 Aust vs. Worcs, 293 mins, 33 fours 1 five
  • May 2, 1938: Ella Fitzgerald records A-Tisket, A-Tasket
  • May 3, 1938: Vatican recognizes Francesco Franco as head of Spain.
  • May 4, 1938: Douglas Hyde (a Protestant) becomes first president of Eire.
  • May 6, 1938: Dutch writer Maurits Dekker sentenced to 50 days for "offending a friendly head of state" (Adolf Hitler).
  • May 7, 1938: Dutch Minister of Justice Goseling calls fugitives of Nazi-Germany undesired strangers
  • May 9, 1938: Kaarel Eenpalu becomes prime minister of Estonia.
  • May 10, 1938: Banning speech on anti-fascism demonstration in Amsterdam
  • May 12, 1938: Sandoz Labs manufactures LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide).
  • May 13, 1938: US Congress passes the $1.156 billion Naval Expansion Bill.
  • May 14, 1938: English soccer team beats Nazi-Germany, 6-3
  • May 15, 1938: Paul-Henri Spak forms red coalition of Belgium.
  • May 16, 1938: 38 die in Terminal Hotel fire (Atlanta, Georgia, USA).
  • May 17, 1938: Radio quiz show Information Please! debuts on NBC Blue Network.
  • May 20, 1938: Czechoslovakia orders a partial mobilization of its armed forces along the German border.
  • May 21, 1938: Matsuo Toi kills 30 people in a village in Okayama, Japan, in the Tsuyama massacre, the world's worst spree killing by an individual until 1982.
  • May 22, 1938: Dodgers announce contracts to install lights at Ebbets Field
  • May 23, 1938: Temporarily frustrated by the Czechoslovak mobilization and international diplomatic unity in the face of German demands over the Sudetenland, Hitler orders the Foreign Office to assure the Czechoslovaks that he has no demands on their territory. The world at large mistakenly believes the crisis is averted.
  • May 25, 1938: Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths.
  • May 26, 1938: House Committee on Un-American Activities begins work.
  • May 28, 1938: Foundation for Tel Aviv harbor is laid.
  • May 30, 1938: Poland who had its eyes on the Teschen region of Czechoslovakia was reassured by Rumania that it would block any attempt by the Soviet Union to come to the aid of the Czechs in the event of a Polish invasion.
  • Jun 1, 1938: Protective baseball helmets 1st worn by batters
  • Jun 3, 1938: German law on Entartete Art legalizes art robbery
  • Jun 4, 1938: 70th Belmont: James Stout aboard Pasteurized wins in 2:29.6
  • Jun 6, 1938: Sigmund Freud arrives in London
  • Jun 7, 1938: 1st play telecast with original Broadway cast, Susan & God
  • Jun 9, 1938: Second Chamber agrees to return Jews to Nazi-Germany
  • Jun 10, 1938: Charlie Barnett makes 98 by lunch vs. Australia at Trent Bridge
  • Jun 11, 1938: 42nd US Golf Open: Ralph Guldahl shoots a 284 at Cherry Hills Denver
  • Jun 12, 1938: June 18 ampndash The Roma and Sinti peoples in Germany and Austria are rounded up, beaten up and jailed.
  • Jun 13, 1938: Jews injured and property destroyed in Przemyal Poland
  • Jun 14, 1938: Dorothy Lathrop wins the first Caldecott Medal (kid books author).
  • Jun 15, 1938: 1st night game at Brooklyn Ebbets Field (Reds 6, Dodgers 0) as Cin Red Johnny Vander Meer hurls unprecedented 2nd consecutive no-hitter
  • Jun 16, 1938: Jimmie Foxx is walked a record 6 consecutive times by Browns
  • Jun 17, 1938: Japan declares war on China
  • Jun 18, 1938: Babe Ruth is signed as a Dodgers coach for the rest of the season
  • Jun 19, 1938: Olympian Flyer express train crashes in Montana, USA, killing 47.
  • Jun 22, 1938: Joe Louis knocks out Max Schmeling at 2:04 of first round at Yankee Stadium in New York to retain heavyweight championship.
  • Jun 23, 1938: Civil Aeronautics Authority (US) established
  • Jun 24, 1938: 500 ton meteorite lands near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 25, 1938: A Tisket A Tasket by Ella Fitzgerald with Chick Webb hits #1
  • Jun 26, 1938: Cin Red Lonny Frey hits 8 doubles in a doubleheader
  • Jun 28, 1938: Queen Victoria ascends to British throne
  • Jun 30, 1938: ''Action Comics #1'' is published, which is the first publication featuring the comic book character ''Superman''.
  • Jul 1, 1938: 58th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats Henry Austin (61 60 63)
  • Jul 2, 1938: 51st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs
  • Jul 3, 1938: World speed record for a steam railway locomotive is set in England, by the Mallard, which reaches a speed of 126 miles per hour (203 km/h).
  • Jul 4, 1938: 1st game at Shribe Park, Phila; Braves beat Phillies 10-5
  • Jul 5, 1938: The Non-Intervention Committee reaches an agreement to withdraw all foreign volunteers from the Spanish Civil War. The agreement is respected by most Republican foreign volunteers, notably by those from England and the United States, but is ignored by the governments of Germany and Italy.
  • Jul 6, 1938: 6th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-1 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati
  • Jul 10, 1938: Yankee Clipper completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic
  • Jul 14, 1938: Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish / African manifest
  • Jul 16, 1938: 21st PGA Championship: Paul Runyan at Shawnee Country Club - Shawnee-on-Del, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 17, 1938: Douglas (Wrong Way) Corrigan leaves New York for LA, wound up in Ireland
  • Jul 18, 1938: Douglas Wrong Way Corrigan arrives in Ireland-left New York for California
  • Jul 20, 1938: The United States Department of Justice files suit in New York City against the motion picture industry charging violations of the Sherman Antitrust Act in regards to the studio system. The case would eventually result in a break-up of the industry in 1948.
  • Jul 21, 1938: Paul Hindemith and Leonide Massines ballet premieres in London
  • Jul 22, 1938: Britain rejected a proposal from its ambassador in Berlin, Nevile Henderson, for a four power summit on Czechoslovakia consisting of Britain, France, Germany and the U.S.S.R. London would under no circumstances accept the U.S.S.R. as a diplomatic partner.
  • Jul 23, 1938: Bradman scores 103 in 178 minutes on a Headingley sticky, 3rd Test
  • Jul 24, 1938: Instant coffee invented
  • Jul 25, 1938: Jewish artisans not allowed in Germany
  • Jul 26, 1938: 1st radio broadcast of Young Widder Brown on NBC
  • Jul 28, 1938: 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
  • Jul 29, 1938: Comic strip Dennis the Menace, 1st appears
  • Jul 30, 1938: Gen Metaxas names himself Premier of Greece
  • Jul 31, 1938: Bulgaria signs a non-aggression pact with Greece and other states of Balkan Antanti (Turkey, Romania, Yugoslavia).
  • Aug 2, 1938: 1st test of a yellow baseball (Dodgers vs. Cardinals)
  • Aug 4, 1938: Lord Runciman arrives in Prague to act as Neville Chamberlain's special envoy in the continuing Sudetenland disturbances.
  • Aug 5, 1938: 33rd Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Philadelphia
  • Aug 6, 1938: The Looney Tunes animated short ''Porky amp Daffy'' is released.
  • Aug 7, 1938: Leo Durocher, hits 2,000th Dodger home run
  • Aug 8, 1938: The building of Mauthausen concentration camp begins.
  • Aug 10, 1938: 119 degrees F (48 degrees C), Pendleton, Oregon (state record).
  • Aug 11, 1938: German commercial plane flies non-stop 25 hours from Berlin to New York.
  • Aug 17, 1938: 1st aircraft owned by Forest Service in service
  • Aug 18, 1938: FDR dedicates Thousand Islands Bridge connecting US and Canada
  • Aug 20, 1938: Lou Gehrig hits his 23rd career grand slam : a record that still stands.
  • Aug 21, 1938: Italy bars all Jewish teachers in Public and High School
  • Aug 22, 1938: Civil Aeronautics Authority (independent agency).
  • Aug 23, 1938: English cricketer Len Hutton sets a world record for the highest individual Test innings of 364, during a Test match against Australia.
  • Aug 24, 1938: England beat Australia by an innings and 579 runs at The Oval
  • Aug 26, 1938: British leaders and Arabians fight in Palestine
  • Aug 27, 1938: Yanks Monte Pearson no-hits Indians 13-0, DiMaggio hits 3 triples
  • Aug 28, 1938: Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria
  • Aug 31, 1938: 5th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 28, Washington 16 (74,250)
  • Sep 1, 1938: Mussolini cancels civil rights of Italian Jews
  • Sep 2, 1938: Soviet Ambassador to Britain Ivan Maisky calls on Winston Churchill, to tell him that Soviet Foreign Commissar Maxim Litvinov has expressed to the French chargé d'affaires in Moscow that the Soviet Union is willing to fight over the territorial integrity of Czechoslovakia.
  • Sep 3, 1938: 1940 Olympic site changed from Tokyo Japan to Helsinki Finland
  • Sep 4, 1938: Vainio Muinonen wins 2nd European marathoner (2:37:28.8)
  • Sep 5, 1938: Chile: A group of youths affiliated with the fascist National Socialist Movement of Chile are assassinated in the Seguro Obrero massacre.
  • Sep 6, 1938: Wilhelmina celebrates 40th anniversary jubilee as Dutch Queen
  • Sep 7, 1938: ''The Times'' publishes a lead article which calls on Czechoslovakia to cede the Sudetenland to Germany.
  • Sep 9, 1938: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt disallows the popular interpretation of Bullitt's speech at a press conference at the White House. Roosevelt states it is quot100% wrongquot the U.S. would join a quotstop-Hitler blocquot under any circumstances, and makes it quite clear that in the event of German aggression against Czechoslovakia, the U.S. would remain neutral.
  • Sep 10, 1938: Hermann Göring, in a speech at Nuremberg, calls the Czechs a quotmiserable pygmy racequot who are quotharassing the human race.quot That same evening, Edvard Beneš, President of Czechoslovakia, makes a broadcast in which he appeals for calm.
  • Sep 12, 1938: Adolph Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech
  • Sep 13, 1938: The followers of Konrad Henlein begin an armed revolt against the Czechoslovak government in Sudetenland. Martial law is declared and after much bloodshed on both sides order is temporarily restored. Neville Chamberlain personally sends a telegram to Hitler urgently requesting that they both meet.
  • Sep 15, 1938: John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 350.2 MPH (lasts one day).
  • Sep 17, 1938: 52nd US Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Nancye Wynne Bolton
  • Sep 18, 1938: Chicago Bears beat Green Bay Packers 2-0
  • Sep 21, 1938: Hurricane (winds 183 MPH) in New England (Long Island, New York, New Jersey) kills 500-700, wrecking tens of millions of dollars in property.
  • Sep 23, 1938: British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain sends Adolf Hitler's demands to Czechoslovakia.
  • Sep 24, 1938: Alice Marble wins her 2nd singles US tennis title
  • Sep 26, 1938: Hitler issues ultimatum to Czech government, demanding Sudenten Land
  • Sep 27, 1938: British ocean liner Queen Elizabeth, launches at Clydebank Scotland
  • Sep 28, 1938: Dutch Premier Colijn sends radio message No war coming
  • Sep 29, 1938: 1st archival course is offered at Columbia University in New York City
  • Sep 30, 1938: British Premier Chamberlain arrives in Munich
  • Oct 1, 1938: Cubs clinch NL pennant
  • Oct 2, 1938: Indian Bob Feller strikes out record 18 Tigers
  • Oct 4, 1938: The Republican forces in the Spanish Civil War begin withdrawing their foreign volunteers from combat as agreed on July 5.
  • Oct 6, 1938: Yanks Lefty Gomez sets record of 6 World Series wins without a loss
  • Oct 7, 1938: Germany demands all Jewish passports stamped with the letter J.
  • Oct 9, 1938: A Copland and E Lorings ballet Billy the Kid, premieres in Chicago
  • Oct 14, 1938: Nazis plan Jewish ghettos for all major cities
  • Oct 15, 1938: Robert Sherwoods Abe Lincoln in Illinois, premieres in New York City
  • Oct 16, 1938: Winston Churchill, in a broadcast address to the United States, condemns the Munich Agreement as a defeat and calls upon America and western Europe to prepare for armed resistance against Hitler.
  • Oct 18, 1938: The German government expels 12,000 Polish Jews living in Germany the Polish government accepts 4,000 and refuses admittance to the remaining 8,000, who are forced to live in the no-man's land on the German-Polish frontier.
  • Oct 21, 1938: Japanese troops capture Canton, main southern China port.
  • Oct 22, 1938: Chester Carlson demonstrates 1st Xerox copying machine
  • Oct 24, 1938: US forbids child labor in factories
  • Oct 25, 1938: Japanese troops occupies Hankou andWuhan
  • Oct 26, 1938: Du Pont named its new synthetic fiber nylon
  • Oct 27, 1938: DuPont announces its new synthetic fiber will be called "nylon".
  • Oct 28, 1938: Farewell parade of International Brigade
  • Oct 30, 1938: Orson Welles broadcasts his radio play of H. G. Wells' The War of the Worlds, causing a nationwide (USA) panic. About a million radio listeners believe that a real Martian invasion is underway.
  • Nov 1, 1938: German Colonel-General Gerd von Runstedt retires
  • Nov 2, 1938: Jimmie Foxx wins his 3rd AL MVP
  • Nov 4, 1938: At a public meeting in Epping, Winston Churchill narrowly survives an attempt by fellow Conservative and constituent Sir Colin Thornton-Kemsley to remove him from Parliament.
  • Nov 6, 1938: 3 DiMaggio brothers play together for 1st time, charity all star game
  • Nov 8, 1938: 1st black woman legislator, Crystal Bird Fauset of Philadelphia
  • Nov 9, 1938: Crystal Night - Germans break windows owned by Jews
  • Nov 10, 1938: 8.3 earthquake shakes East of Shumagin Islands, Alaska
  • Nov 11, 1938: German and Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in Nazi
  • Nov 12, 1938: French Finance Minister Paul Reynaud brings into effect a series of laws aiming at improving French productivity (thus aiming to undo the economic weaknesses which led to Munich), and undoes most of the economic and social laws of the Popular Front.
  • Nov 14, 1938: Dutch DC3 crashes at Schiphol, 6 die
  • Nov 15, 1938: Farewell Parade of International Brigades in Barcelona
  • Nov 16, 1938: K B Regiment refuses round-table conference in East-India
  • Nov 17, 1938: Italy passes their own version of the anti-Jewish Nuremberg laws.
  • Nov 18, 1938: Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
  • Nov 20, 1938: First documented anti-Semitic remarks over US radio (by Father Coughlin).
  • Nov 21, 1938: Nazi forces occupy western Czech and declared them German citizens
  • Nov 24, 1938: National Semi-Pro Basketball Congress authorizes yellow basketball.
  • Nov 25, 1938: French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet informs Léon Noël, the French Ambassador to Poland, that France should find an excuse for terminating the 1921 Franco-Polish alliance.
  • Nov 29, 1938: Mayor Oud of Rotterdam forbids soccer match between Neth-Germany
  • Nov 30, 1938: Fascist coup in Romania, fails
  • Dec 1, 1938: School bus and train collide in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.
  • Dec 6, 1938: 117 Spanish knights under Captain Piet Laros return to the Netherlands
  • Dec 7, 1938: W9XZY broadcasts facsimile of the Saint Louis Post-Dispatch by radio.
  • Dec 8, 1938: Highest temperature for December in US recorded in La Mesa, California.
  • Dec 10, 1938: Ruth Fuller Sasaki, Zen teacher, Rinzai line, enters Zen priesthood.
  • Dec 11, 1938: New York Giants win NFL championship.
  • Dec 13, 1938: The Holocaust: The Neuengamme concentration camp opens in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, Germany.
  • Dec 14, 1938: Will Harridge is elected to a 10-year-term as American League (baseball) president.
  • Dec 15, 1938: Groundbreaking begins for Jefferson Memorial in Washington DC.
  • Dec 16, 1938: Adolf Hitler institutes the Cross of Honor of the German Mother
  • Dec 17, 1938: Utrecht Central Station destroyed by fire
  • Dec 20, 1938: Vladimir K Zworykin (Pennsylvania, USA) receives patent on the Iconoscope TV system.
  • Dec 23, 1938: Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa.
  • Dec 27, 1938: A massive avalanche of snow hits a construction worker dormitory site in Kurobe, Japan, killing 87.
  • Dec 29, 1938: Construction on Lake Washington Floating Bridge, in Seattle, Washington, begins.
  • Dec 30, 1938: Electronic television system patented
  • Dec 31, 1938: The 8th International Conference of American States issues the Declaration of Lima, that the American countries agree to stand united against any threat.
  • Feb 4, 1938: Adolf Hitler appoints himself as head of the Armed Forces High Command.


What does the year 1938 refer to in the Gregorian calendar?

The year 1938 refers to a specific year in the Gregorian calendar, which is commonly used internationally. It is the 39th year of the 20th century and the 8th year of the 1930s decade. In the Gregorian calendar, it follows 1937 and precedes 1939.

calendars for year 1938

Can you show me the calendar for the year 1938?

February 1938
September 1938
November 1938