1934 was marked by a number of political events that set the stage for World War II.
In May, the 1934 Constitution establishes the Austrofascist Federal State of Austria. On June 30th, The Night of the Long Knives began in Germany. Through to July 2nd, the Nazis would conduct a series of political assassinations to ensure Hitler’s hold on the country’s government. In August, Hitler officially became Führer of Germany, a title under which the powers of Chancellor of the Republic and President, essentially making him the absolute leader of Germany. This move was supported by 90% of the population during a referendum.
In China, the People’s Liberation Army began the Long March under the command of Mao Zedong, covering over 5600 miles while fleeing from Nationalist forces. Mao would go on to become the leader of communist China.
In the Americas, revolutionary leader Augusto César Sandino is assassinated in Nicaragua on February 21st. In the United States, famous outlaws Bonnie and Clyde are apprehended and killed on May 23rd. Another American outlaw, John Dillinger, a bank robber who captured the imagination of the Western World, escaped from jail in Crown Point, Indiana using a wooden pistol on March 3rd. He would be shot and killed a few months later in Chicago.
In culture, the classic comic strip Flash Gordon debuted on January 7th and Disney character Donald Duck made his first appearance ever in “The Wise Little Hen” on June 9th. The Gothenburg Prize for Poetry was awarded to Rudyard Kipling and William Butler Yeats. Notable births in 1934 include Canadian former Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, Israeli economist and Nobel Prize Winner Daniel Kahneman, Italian actress Sophia Loren, Canadian poet, novelist, and singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen, American inventor Robert Moog, French actress Brigitte Bardot and American astronomer Carl Sagan.
All Academy Awards Prize winners of the 7th edition of the Oscar ceremony
It Happened One Night
Best supporting actor
Best supporting actress
Time Person of the Year
Who was the person of the year of 1934?
All Nobel Prize winners of 1934
- Arthur Henderson
- Luigi Pirandello
- Harold Urey
Physiology or Medicine
- George Whipple
- George Minot
- William P. Murphy
Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Which were the important events of 1934?
- 01 Jan 1934 Nazi Germany passes the ''Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring''.
- 02 Jan 1934 First state liquor stores open, in Pennsylvania.
- 05 Jan 1934 National and American baseball leagues select a uniform ball.
- 07 Jan 1934 Flash Gordon comic strip (by Alex Raymond) debuts
- 08 Jan 1934 Jaap Speyers Bluejackets premieres in Amsterdam
- 13 Jan 1934 The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
- 15 Jan 1934 8.4 earthquake in India / Nepal, 10,700 die
- 17 Jan 1934 Carl Hubbell, NL MVP winner, gets $18,000 contract by the New York Giants
- 20 Jan 1934 Japan sends Henry Pu Yi as regent to emperor of Manchuria.
- 26 Jan 1934 Nazi Germany and Poland sign non-attack treaty for 10 years
- 27 Jan 1934 VARA refuses to hire after commemoration of Marinus Van de Lubbe.
- 28 Jan 1934 First US ski tow (rope) begins operation (Woodstock, Vermont).
- 30 Jan 1934 1st theatrical presentation sponsored by US government, New York City
- 31 Jan 1934 FDR devalus dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce
- 01 Feb 1934 Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss dissolves all political parties but his own.
- 02 Feb 1934 The Export-Import Bank of the United States is incorporated.
- 06 Feb 1934 Far right leagues rally in front of the Palais Bourbon in an attempted coup against the French Third Republic, creating a political crisis in France.
- 07 Feb 1934 1st contract for TVA power, Tupelo, Mississippi
- 08 Feb 1934 Gaston Doumergue forms new French government.
- 09 Feb 1934 Balkan Entente alliance forms (Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey, and Romania).
- 10 Feb 1934 Thomson / Gertrude Steins opera premieres in New York City
- 12 Feb 1934 Export-Import Bank incorporates
- 13 Feb 1934 The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
- 14 Feb 1934 NHL Ace Bailey Benefit Game: Toronto Maple Leafs beats All-Stars 7-3 in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
- 16 Feb 1934 Over Texas, USA, a pilot swerves to avoid crashing with a fireball.
- 17 Feb 1934 First high school auto driving course offered (State College, Pennsylvania).
- 19 Feb 1934 Bob and Dolores Hope marry
- 21 Feb 1934 Nicaraguan patriot Augusto Cesar Sandino assassinated by National Guard.
- 22 Feb 1934 Frank Capra's ''It Happened One Night'', starring Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert, is released. It becomes a smash hit and the first of Capra's great screen classics. It becomes the first film to win all 5 of the major Academy Awards ampndash Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Screenplay, Best Director, and Best Picture. Gable and Colbert receive their only Oscars for this film.
- 23 Feb 1934 Casey Stengel becomes manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers.
- 01 Mar 1934 Primo Carnera beats Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title.
- 02 Mar 1934 Union Pacific tests light-weight high-speed passenger train, Omaha. Nebraska.
- 03 Mar 1934 John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol.
- 04 Mar 1934 Easter Cross on Mt Davidson (San Francisco) dedicated
- 05 Mar 1934 Mother-in-law's day first celebrated (Amarillo, Texas).
- 08 Mar 1934 Edwin Hubble photo shows as many galaxies as Milky Way has stars.
- 10 Mar 1934 US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Suzanne Davis.
- 11 Mar 1934 Netherlands beats Belgium 9-3, in soccer.
- 12 Mar 1934 Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail
- 13 Mar 1934 John Dillinger, Baby Face Nelson and their gang rob the First National Bank in Mason City, Iowa.
- 15 Mar 1934 US Information Service opens.
- 16 Mar 1934 US Congress passes Migratory Bird Conservation Act.
- 20 Mar 1934 Female Babe Didrickson pitches hitless inning for Philadelphia Athletics in exhibition game against Brooklyn Dodgers
- 21 Mar 1934 Fire destroys Hakodate Japan, killing about 1,500
- 22 Mar 1934 Fire destroys Hakodate, Japan (kills 1,500, injures 1,000).
- 23 Mar 1934 US Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945.
- 24 Mar 1934 US declares the Philippines to become independent in 1945
- 31 Mar 1934 Netherlands Indies BC Ltd begins radio transmission (Indonesia)
- 06 Apr 1934 418 Lutheran ministers are arrested in Germany.
- 07 Apr 1934 In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspends his campaign of civil disobedience.
- 12 Apr 1934 The strongest surface wind gust in the world at 231 mph, is measured on the summit of Mount Washington, New Hampshire.
- 13 Apr 1934 US Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act.
- 18 Apr 1934 First "Washateria" (laundromat) opens (Fort Worth, Texas).
- 19 Apr 1934 Shirley Temple appears in her 1st movie, Stand Up & Cheer
- 20 Apr 1934 Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector of Prussian secret state police.
- 21 Apr 1934 Moe Berg, Washington Senators' catcher, plays American League record 117th consecutive errorless game.
- 22 Apr 1934 John Dillinger and two others shoot their way out of an FBI ambush in northern Wisconsin.
- 28 Apr 1934 FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act
- 30 Apr 1934 The first S-train line in Copenhagen is opened. The Line started in Klampenborg and ended in Frederiksberg.
- 01 May 1934 Water state kingdom dismisses NSB-leader Anton Mussert
- 05 May 1934 60th Kentucky Derby: Mack Garner aboard Cavalcade wins in 2:04.
- 07 May 1934 Pulitzer prize awarded to Sidney Kingsley (Men in White)
- 11 May 1934 Over two days, the most severe dust storm to date in the USA sweeps an estimated 350 million tons of topsoil from the Great Plains across to the eastern seaboard.
- 12 May 1934 Cocktails For Two, by Duke Ellington hits #1
- 13 May 1934 Great dustbowl storm
- 15 May 1934 Department of Justice offers $25,000 reward for John Dillinger, dead or alive.
- 18 May 1934 Academy Award 1st called Oscar in print (Sidney Skolsky)
- 19 May 1934 Sherlock Holmes crossword puzzle in Sat Review of Lit Males who solved puzzle became members of Baker Street Irregulars
- 21 May 1934 Oskaloosa Iowa, becomes 1st US city to fingerprint its citizens
- 23 May 1934 Wallace Carothers manufactures first nylon (polymeer 66).
- 24 May 1934 Colombia and Peru sign accord about harbor city Leticia.
- 26 May 1934 Century of Progress Exposition reopens in Chicago
- 28 May 1934 The Glyndebourne festival in England is inaugurated.
- 29 May 1934 May 31 ampndash The Confessional Synod of the German Evangelical Church meets in Barmen, Germany to write the Barmen Declaration.
- 03 Jun 1934 Dr Frederick Banting, co-discoverer of insulin, is knighted.
- 05 Jun 1934 1st formal meeting of Baker Street Irregulars (NYC)
- 06 Jun 1934 Yankee Myrl Hoag hits 6 singles in one game
- 09 Jun 1934 1st Donald Duck cartoon, Wise Little Hen, released
- 10 Jun 1934 USSR and Romania regain diplomatic relations
- 11 Jun 1934 Disarmament conference in Geneva fails
- 12 Jun 1934 Black-McKeller Bill passes causes Bill Boeing empire to break up into Boeing United Aircraft [Technologies] and United Air Lines
- 13 Jun 1934 Adolf Hitler and Mussolini meet in Venice, Italy; Mussolini later describes the German dictator as ''a silly little monkey''.
- 14 Jun 1934 Hitler and Mussolini meet in Vienna
- 15 Jun 1934 Great Smokey Mountains National Park dedicated.
- 18 Jun 1934 US Highway planning surveys nationwide are authorized.
- 19 Jun 1934 US Congress pases the Silver Purchase Act, directing the Secretary of the Treasury to purchase silver until market price reaches $1.2929 per ounce, or until value of silver stock reaches one-third of gold stock.
- 25 Jun 1934 Hedley Verity takes 15 wickets vs. Australia (7-61 & 8-43)
- 26 Jun 1934 FDR signs Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions
- 27 Jun 1934 Federal Savings and Loan Association created.
- 28 Jun 1934 Hitler flies to Essen (Night of Long Knifes)
- 30 Jun 1934 Night of Long Knives, Hitler stages bloody purge of Nazi party
- 01 Jul 1934 First x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, New York.
- 02 Jul 1934 The Night of the Long Knives ends with the death of Ernst Rohm.
- 03 Jul 1934 FDIC pays off first insured depositors, Fon du Lac Bank, East Peoria, Illinois.
- 04 Jul 1934 Jordanians revolt in Amsterdam after reduction in employment
- 05 Jul 1934 ''Bloody Thursday'' : Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco.
- 07 Jul 1934 Elizabeth Ryan wins her 12th Wimbeldon doubles championship.
- 10 Jul 1934 2nd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 9-7 at Polo Grounds, New York
- 11 Jul 1934 FDR became 1st President to travel through Panama Canal
- 12 Jul 1934 Willy de Supervise swims world record 400m (5:16.0)
- 13 Jul 1934 Babe Ruth hits home run number 700 against Detroit Tigers.
- 14 Jul 1934 New York Times erroneously declares Ruth 700 HR record to stand for all time
- 15 Jul 1934 Continental Airlines commences operations.
- 16 Jul 1934 Bradman scores 140 Aust vs. Yorkshire, 120 mins, 22 fours 2 sixes
- 17 Jul 1934 Babe Ruth draws his 2,000th base on balls at Cleveland
- 20 Jul 1934 118 degrees F (48 degrees C), Keokuk, Iowa (state record).
- 21 Jul 1934 113 degrees F (45 degrees C), near Gallipolis, Ohio (state record).
- 22 Jul 1934 Outside Chicago's Biograph Theater, ''Public Enemy No. 1'' John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
- 23 Jul 1934 Bradman completes 304 at Headingley, 430 mins, 43 fours 2 sixes
- 24 Jul 1934 1st ptarmigan hatched and reared in captivity, Ithaca, New York
- 25 Jul 1934 Failed Nazi coup in Austria
- 28 Jul 1934 118 degrees F (48 degrees C), Orofino, Idaho (state record).
- 29 Jul 1934 17th PGA Championship: Paul Runyan at Park Country Club - Williamsville, New York
- 31 Jul 1934 29th Davis Cup: Great Britain beats USA in Wimbledon (4-1)
- 02 Aug 1934 Adolph Hitler becomes commander-in-chief of Germany
- 04 Aug 1934 New York Giants' player Mel Ott sets record of six runs in game and beats Philadelphia Phillies 21-4.
- 06 Aug 1934 US troops leave Haiti, which had been occupied since 1915
- 08 Aug 1934 The Wehrmacht swears a personal oath of loyalty to Adolf Hitler.
- 09 Aug 1934 US President Franklin Roosevelt nationalizes silver.
- 10 Aug 1934 Babe Ruth announces this is his final season as full time player
- 11 Aug 1934 1st federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in SF Bay
- 13 Aug 1934 The comic strip ''Li'l Abner'' is first published in US newspapers.
- 16 Aug 1934 US explorer William Beebe descends 3,028 feet (1922 m) in Bathysphere.
- 18 Aug 1934 48th US Womens Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Sarah H Cooke (61 64)
- 19 Aug 1934 48th US Womens Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Sarah H P Fabyan (61 64)
- 22 Aug 1934 Bill Woodfull of Australia becomes the only cricket captain to twice regain The Ashes.
- 25 Aug 1934 Anti-union vigilantes seize the town of McGuffey, Ohio, during the Hardin County onion pickers strike.
- 27 Aug 1934 Arlen, Ira Gershwin and Harburgs musical premieres in New York City
- 31 Aug 1934 1st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 0, All-Stars 0 (79,432)
- 01 Sep 1934 Spelling-Marchand Laws enforced
- 03 Sep 1934 Tunisia begins its move for independence.
- 05 Sep 1934 10 ampndash 8th Nuremberg Rally
- 07 Sep 1934 Luxury liner Morro Castle burns off NJ, killing 134
- 08 Sep 1934 54th US Mens Tennis: Fred Perry beats Wilmer L Allison (64 63 16 86)
- 09 Sep 1934 Armas Toivonen becomes 1st European marathoner (2:52:29.0)
- 12 Sep 1934 Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR
- 13 Sep 1934 Judge Landis sells World Series broadcast rights to Ford for $100,000
- 17 Sep 1934 USSR joins League of Nations (Netherlands, Switzerland and Portugal vote no)
- 18 Sep 1934 The USSR is admitted to League of Nations.
- 19 Sep 1934 Bruno Haptmann arrested for kidnapping Lindbergh baby
- 21 Sep 1934 Typhoon strikes Honshu Island, Japan, kills 4,000.
- 22 Sep 1934 An explosion takes place at Gresford Colliery in Wales, leading to the deaths of 266 miners and rescuers.
- 24 Sep 1934 Idle Detroit wins pennant, as Red Sox beat Yankees 5-0
- 25 Sep 1934 Lou Gehrig plays in his 1500th consecutive Major League Baseball game.
- 26 Sep 1934 British liner Queen Mary is launched
- 28 Sep 1934 Over California, USA, a pilot escapes a fireball shower.
- 29 Sep 1934 Rondo Hatton weds Mabel Housh
- 30 Sep 1934 FDR dedicates Boulder Dam (Hoover Dam)
- 01 Oct 1934 Adolph Hitler expands German army and navy and creates an air force, violating Treaty of Versailles
- 02 Oct 1934 A tornado in Osaka and Kyoto kills 1,660, injures 5,400, and destroys the rice harvest.
- 05 Oct 1934 Miners rebel in Asturias, Spain (see Asturian miners' strike of 1934).
- 06 Oct 1934 Catalonian separatists rebel in Spain.
- 08 Oct 1934 Bruno Hauptmann is indicted for murder of Lindbergh's son.
- 09 Oct 1934 Regicide at Marseille: The assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou, Foreign Minister of France.
- 14 Oct 1934 Lux Radio Theatre premieres
- 15 Oct 1934 The Soviet Republic of China collapses when Chiang Kai-shek's National Revolutionary Army successfully encircles Ruijin, forcing the fleeing Communists to begin the Long March.
- 16 Oct 1934 Mao Tse-tung and 25,000 troops begin 6,000 mile Long March
- 17 Oct 1934 The Aldrich Family premieres on radio
- 18 Oct 1934 Chinese Red leader under Mao Tse Tung begins Long March
- 20 Oct 1934 All-Star team led by Babe Ruth and Connie Mack sails to Hawaii and Japan
- 22 Oct 1934 In East Liverpool, Ohio, Federal Bureau of Investigation agents shoot and kill notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd.
- 23 Oct 1934 Jean Piccard and Jeanette Ridlen attain balloon height of 17.341 m (rec)
- 31 Oct 1934 The Century of Progress Exposition in Chicago closes. Over the two years, there were 38,867,000 visitors.
- 02 Nov 1934 Babe Ruth tours Tokyo Japan
- 03 Nov 1934 Although Lou Gehrig wins Triple Crown, Mickey Cochrane wins AL MVP
- 06 Nov 1934 NFL Philadelphia Eagles beat Cincinnati Reds 64-0
- 07 Nov 1934 Arthur L Mitchell, becomes 1st black Democratic congressman (Ill)
- 08 Nov 1934 Ford Frick, NL publicity director, is named league President
- 11 Nov 1934 WOC-AM in Davenport Iowa splits from WHO-WOC and becomes KICK-AM
- 13 Nov 1934 The Italian government decrees that teachers must wear a military or party uniform in a class.
- 15 Nov 1934 Nobel for chemistry awarded to Harold C Urey (deuterium)
- 17 Nov 1934 Lyndon B Johnson marries Claudia Alta Taylor
- 20 Nov 1934 New Belgian government of Theunis, Francqui and Gutt (3 bankers)
- 21 Nov 1934 Uiver returns from Schiphol in London-Melbourne air race
- 24 Nov 1934 CFL Grey Cup: Sarnia beats Regina, 20-12 at Toronto
- 26 Nov 1934 German Theologist Karl Barth surrenders to Nazi
- 27 Nov 1934 Bank robber Baby Face Nelson dies in a shoot-out with the FBI.
- 28 Nov 1934 Churchill tells Premier Baldwin not to under estimate German air power
- 29 Nov 1934 English King George V weds Princess Marina of Greece / Denmark
- 30 Nov 1934 The steam locomotive Flying Scotsman becomes the first to officially exceed 100mph.
- 01 Dec 1934 In the Soviet Union, Politburo member Sergei Kirov is shot dead by Leonid Nikolayev at the Communist Party headquarters in Leningrad.
- 02 Dec 1934 5.08-m (200) Mt Palomar Observatory mirror is cast
- 03 Dec 1934 KYW-AM in Chicago Ill moves to Philadelphia Penn
- 05 Dec 1934 Abyssinia Crisis: Italian troops attack Wal Wal in Abyssinia, taking four days to capture the city.
- 07 Dec 1934 Wiley Post discovers the jet stream.
- 09 Dec 1934 New York Giants defeat Chicago Bears 30-13 for NFL championship.
- 10 Dec 1934 Saint-Adelbert cooperation formed by Catholic elite.
- 11 Dec 1934 1935 All-Star Game is assigned to Cleveland, Ohio.
- 13 Dec 1934 Mark Hellinger Theater (Warner Bros) opens at 237 W 51st St, New York City
- 14 Dec 1934 First streamlined steam locomotive introduced (Albany, New York).
- 15 Dec 1934 Fokker F18 Snip flies to the Netherlands West Indies
- 18 Dec 1934 A low-key fascist conference is held in Moreaux.
- 19 Dec 1934 Japan agress to fleet treaty of 1922 and 1930.
- 22 Dec 1934 Miss Theo Trowbridge sets female bowling record 702 pins in games
- 24 Dec 1934 Grimmett takes 9-180 for SA as Queensland make 430
- 25 Dec 1934 Four centuries for South Africa as they make 7-644 versus Queensland before 6,180.
- 26 Dec 1934 An American Airlines aircraft crashes in the Adirondack Mountains.
- 27 Dec 1934 First youth hostel in US opens (Northfield, Massachusetts).
- 29 Dec 1934 Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.
- 31 Dec 1934 Helen Richey becomes 1st woman to pilot an airmail transport