1933

While settled firmly in one of America’s darkest decades, The Great Depression, 1933 was not a year solely built on doom and gloom.

1933

It saw advancements in board games, worker’s rights, and the first movie appearances of Shirley Temple. On the other hand, coming only six years prior to World War Two, 1933 served as foreshadowing for much of what followed. While this year saw the death of Calvin Coolidge, it also welcomed many greats into the world: Corazon Aquino, Yoko Ono, Joan Rivers, Yasser Arafat, and Nobel-winning economist Amartya Sen. Popular books included Lost Horizon and Company K. Not only did this year see the birth of silver-screen titan King Kong, it also saw the premiere of The Lone Ranger and the first issue of Newsweek.

Anyone who loves to kick back with a beer, should thank their stars for 1933; this year ended prohibition with the passage of the Blaine Act. The government did a lot more than welcome back liquor.

After Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s inauguration, the Public Works Administration became effective, the 20th amendment went into effect, the people elected the first female speaker, the President appointed the first woman in the cabinet, and the US congress set the first minimum wage at 33 cents.

A new source of family drama erupted with the invention of Monopoly. At the same time, Dillinger, hoping to make some real money, robbed his first bank in Ohio. The German Gestapo formed after President Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler as the Reich Chancellor of Germany. Blown adrift by the encroaching Nazi storm, Albert Einstein arrived in the United States. While commonly overshadowed by World War Two and The Great Depression, 1933 had its moments of light; when they didn’t help hold things together, people could finally go back to the local bar.

Discover how the world looked like in 1933

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

Gold Diggers of 1933

Gold Diggers of 1933

Directed by: Mervyn LeRoy

Starring: Warren William, Joan Blondell, Aline MacMahon, Ruby Keeler

Country: United States of America

Duck Soup

Duck Soup

Directed by: Leo McCarey

Starring: Groucho Marx, Harpo Marx, Chico Marx, Zeppo Marx

Country: United States of America

Queen Christina

Queen Christina

Directed by: Rouben Mamoulian

Starring: Greta Garbo, John Gilbert, Ian Keith, Lewis Stone

Country: United States of America

Dinner at Eight

Dinner at Eight

Directed by: George Cukor

Starring: Marie Dressler, John Barrymore, Wallace Beery, Jean Harlow

Country: United States of America

Going Hollywood

Going Hollywood

Directed by: Raoul Walsh

Starring: Marion Davies, Bing Crosby, Fifi D'Orsay, Stuart Erwin

vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1933?


Top #1 songs in the USA

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1933 in the USA ?

Top #10 male names
  1. Robert
  2. James
  3. John
  4. William
  5. Richard
  6. Charles
  7. Donald
  8. George
  9. Joseph
  10. Thomas
Top #10 female names
  1. Mary
  2. Betty
  3. Barbara
  4. Dorothy
  5. Joan
  6. Patricia
  7. Margaret
  8. Helen
  9. Shirley
  10. Doris
history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1933?


Events

  • 02 Jan Bruins beat Rangers in New York 13-3
  • 03 Jan Minnie D. Craig becomes the first female elected as Speaker of the North Dakota House of Representatives, the first female to hold a Speaker position anywhere in the United States.
  • 05 Jan Work on Golden Gate Bridge begins, on Marin County side
  • 07 Jan 1st edition of People and Fatherland published in the Netherlands
  • 09 Jan Amsterdam confectionery worker go on strike against wage reduction
  • 11 Jan Sir Charles Kingsford Smith makes the first commercial flight between Australia and New Zealand.
  • 12 Jan Uprising of Guardia Civil in Spain, 25 die.
  • 14 Jan The controversial Bodyline cricket tactics used by Douglas Jardine's England peaks when Australian captain Bill Woodfull was hit in the heart.
  • 15 Jan Political violence causes almost 100 deaths in Spain.
  • 16 Jan Bert Oldfield flattened by Larwood delivery in Adelaide cricket Test.
  • 17 Jan Bradman takes second Test wicket, Hammond, bowled
  • 18 Jan White Sands National Monument, New Mexico established.
  • 23 Jan 20th Amendment changes date of US Presidential inaugurations to January 20.
  • 27 Jan Otto Meisnner dines with British ambassador Rumbold
  • 28 Jan French government of Paul Boncour falls.
  • 29 Jan German President von Hindenburg appoints Hitler chancellor
  • 30 Jan Lone Ranger begins a 21-year run on ABC radio
  • 31 Jan French government of Edouard Daladier takes power.
  • 01 Feb Colonial government arrests Anton de Kom in Paramaribo Suriname
  • 02 Feb A second international conference on disarmament ends without results, It tries to limit the army sizes of the major powers, while Germany is entitled to 200,000, Germany leaves the conference because a plan postpones the limitations for 4 years.
  • 03 Feb Marinus van der Lubbe departs to Berlin
  • 04 Feb German President Paul von Hindenburg limits freedom of the press.
  • 05 Feb Marinus van der Lubbe passes Dutch / German boundary
  • 06 Feb Highest recorded sea wave (not tsunami), 34 metres (112 feet), in Pacific hurricane near Manila, Philippines.
  • 07 Feb Colonial troops in Suriname kill two demonstrators.
  • 08 Feb -23 degrees F (-31 degrees C), Seminole, Texas (state record low).
  • 09 Feb -63 degrees F (-53 degrees C), Moran, Wyoming (state record low).
  • 10 Feb Dutch seaplane bombs Dutch ship
  • 12 Feb German vice-chancellor Franz von Papen demands Catholic aid for Nazis.
  • 15 Feb Karl Radek praises invincible force of German communist party.
  • 16 Feb Catholic newspaper Germania warns against Nazis / communists
  • 17 Feb Blondie Boopadoop married Dagwood Bumstead in the comic Blondie
  • 20 Feb House of Representatives completes congressional action to repeal Prohibition.
  • 24 Feb In Stratford, Texas, a bright fireball is seen in the sky, falling as a 4-pound metallic meteorite.
  • 25 Feb 1st genuine aircraft carrier christened, USS Ranger
  • 26 Feb Marinus van der Lubbe kept overnight in a police cell
  • 27 Feb Nazis set fire to German parliament, blame it on Communists
  • 28 Feb 1st female in cabinet: Francis Perkins appointed Secretary of Labor
  • 01 Mar Bank holidays declared in six US states, to prevent run on banks.
  • 02 Mar King Kong, premieres at Radio City Music Hall and RKO Roxy, New York City
  • 03 Mar New York City premiere of King Kong
  • 04 Mar FDR inaugrated as 32nd pres, pledges to pull US out of Depression and says We have nothing to fear but fear itself
  • 05 Mar FDR proclaims 10-day bank holiday
  • 06 Mar FDR declares a nationwide bank holiday
  • 07 Mar Game of Monopoly invented
  • 09 Mar Congress is called into special session by FDR, and began its 100 days
  • 10 Mar Nevada becomes first US state to regulate narcotics.
  • 12 Mar FDR conducts his 1st fireside chat
  • 13 Mar Banks reopen
  • 14 Mar Civilian Conservation Corp begins tree conservation.
  • 15 Mar NAACP begins coordinated attack on segregation and discrimination.
  • 18 Mar US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Maribel Vinson.
  • 20 Mar Giuseppe Zangara is executed in Florida's electric chair for fatally shooting Anton Cermak in an assassination attempt against President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • 21 Mar Construction of Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed.
  • 22 Mar FDR makes wine and beer with up to 3.2% alcohol legal
  • 23 Mar Kroll Opera in Berlin opens
  • 24 Mar Peter I Island incorporated as a Norwegian dependency.
  • 27 Mar Polythene discovered by Reginald Gibson and Eric William Fawcett.
  • 28 Mar German Reichstag confers dictatorial powers on Hitler
  • 31 Mar German Republic gives power to Hitler
  • 01 Apr Nazi Germany begins persecution of Jews boycotting Jewish businesses
  • 02 Apr In a cricket test match against New Zealand, England batsman Wally Hammond scores a record 336 runs.ref name=quotCassell's Chronologyquot
  • 03 Apr 1st airplane flight over Mt Everest
  • 04 Apr US dirigible Akron crashes off coast of New Jersey, 73 die.
  • 05 Apr US President Franklin Roosevelt issues Executive Order 6102, requiring public to turn in gold certificates, bullion, and coins for placement in the Federal Reserve.
  • 07 Apr University Bridge, Seattle opens for traffic
  • 08 Apr Manchester Guardian warns of unknown Nazi terror
  • 11 Apr Aviator Bill Lancaster takes off in England, in an attempt to make a speed record to the Cape of Good Hope, but vanishes (his body is not found in the Sahara Desert until 1962).
  • 12 Apr Moffatt Field commissioned
  • 13 Apr 1st flight over Mount Everest (Lord Clydesdale)
  • 17 Apr Chicago Bears win their first NFL game beating New York Giants 23-21.
  • 19 Apr FDR announces US will leave gold standard
  • 20 Apr US suspends convertibility of paper money to gold.
  • 21 Apr Nazi Germany outlaws the kosher ritual shechita.
  • 22 Apr Dutch government forbids leftwing radio address.
  • 23 Apr Dovo soccer team forms in Veenendaal.
  • 25 Apr US and Canada drop Gold Standard
  • 26 Apr Jewish students are barred from school in Germany.
  • 27 Apr Karl Jansky reports reception of cosmic radio signal in Washington DC.
  • 28 Apr US Senate approves Nellie Tayloe Ross as US Mint director.
  • 01 May The Roca-Runciman Treaty between Argentina and Great Britain is signed by Julio Argentino Roca, Jr., and Sir Walter Runciman.
  • 02 May In Germany, Adolf Hitler bans trade unions.
  • 03 May 1st female director (Nellie T Ross) of US Mint takes office
  • 04 May Pulitzer prize awarded to Archibald Macleish (Conquistador)
  • 05 May The detection by Karl Jansky of radio waves from the center of the Milky Way Galaxy is reported in the ''New York Times''. The discovery leads to the birth of radio astronomy.
  • 06 May Italy and the USSR sign trade agreement
  • 08 May Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against British oppression in India.
  • 09 May Spanish anarchists call for general strike.
  • 10 May Deutsche Arbeitsfront (DAF) forms.
  • 12 May US Federal Emergency Relief Administration and Agricultural Adjustment Administration form to help the needy and farmers.
  • 13 May 59th Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard Head Play wins in 2:02.
  • 15 May First voice amplification system to be used in US Senate.
  • 16 May Cecil Travis becomes first player to get five hits in his first game.
  • 17 May Vidkun Quisling and Johan Bernhard Hjort form Nasjonal Samling -- the national-socialist party of Norway.
  • 18 May Tennessee Valley Act (TVA) signed by President Franklin Roosevelt, to build dams for electricity generation.
  • 21 May Mt Davidson Cross lit by FDR via telegraph
  • 22 May Loch Ness Monster is first reportedly sighted by John Mackay.
  • 23 May Legendary American racehorse Seabiscuit is born.
  • 26 May The Nazi Party in Germany introduces a law to legalize eugenic sterilization.
  • 27 May Century of Progress Exposition opens in Chicago
  • 30 May Patent on invisible glass installation
  • 01 Jun Charlie Chaplin weds Paulette Goddard
  • 02 Jun FDR authorizes 1st swimming pool built inside the White House
  • 03 Jun Pope Pius XI encyclical On oppression of the Church in Spain
  • 05 Jun Gold standard abolished
  • 06 Jun 1st drive-in theater opens (Camden NJ)
  • 07 Jun Balanchine / Weills 7 Deadly Sins, premiers in Paris
  • 09 Jun Spanish President Zamora takes power
  • 10 Jun 37th US Golf Open: Johnny Goodman shoots a 287 at North Shore - Illinois
  • 12 Jun Financial and Economy World conference opens (66 countries)
  • 13 Jun German Secret State Police (Gestapo) established
  • 16 Jun US Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) created.
  • 17 Jun Kansas City Massacre: 1 FBI agent, 4 cops and 1 gangster killed by mob
  • 19 Jun Austrian government-Dollfuss bans Nazi-organizations
  • 21 Jun First Great Lakes-to-Gulf of Mexico barge trip completed, New Orleans.
  • 22 Jun German social-democratic party (SPD) forbidden
  • 25 Jun Wilmersdorfer Tennishallen delegates convene in Berlin to protest against the persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses in Nazi Germany.
  • 26 Jun The ''American Totalisator Company'' unveils its first electronic pari-mutuel betting machine at the Arlington Park race track near Chicago.
  • 29 Jun Primo Carnera KOs Jack Sharkey in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 30 Jun 50,000 demonstrate in Antwerp against fascism / war
  • 01 Jul The London Passenger Transport Board is founded.
  • 02 Jul Carl Hubbell shuts-out Saint Louis Cardinals 1-0 in 18 innings without a walk.
  • 04 Jul Work begins on Oakland Bay Bridge.
  • 05 Jul German party Catholic Center disbands
  • 06 Jul 1st All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-2 at Comiskey Park, Chicago
  • 08 Jul 46th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats D Round (64 68 63)
  • 09 Jul Frankford Yellowjackets sold, rechristened Philadelphia Eagles.
  • 10 Jul 1st police radio system operated, Eastchester Township, New York
  • 12 Jul US Congress establishes the first minimum wage law at 33 cents per hour.
  • 14 Jul Germany began mandatory sterilization of those with hereditary illness
  • 15 Jul Wiley Post began 1st solo flight around world
  • 19 Jul 1st time, brothers on opposite teams homer in the same game. Red Sox
  • 20 Jul Vatican state secretary Pacelli (Pius XII) signs accord with Hitler
  • 21 Jul Haifa Harbor in Palestine opens
  • 22 Jul 1st solo flight round the world 7d 19hrs (Wiley Post)
  • 24 Jul #1726 Hoffmeister, #2136 Jugta, #2158, #3957 Sugie and #4589 McDowell
  • 25 Jul 1st Dutch live radio concert: Duke Ellington
  • 26 Jul Joe Dimaggio ends 61-game hitting streak in Pacific Coast League.
  • 28 Jul 1st singing telegram delivered (to Rudy Vallee), New York City
  • 30 Jul 28th Davis Cup: Great Britain beats France in Paris (3-2)
  • 01 Aug Carl Hubbell sets record of consecutive scoreless innings (45 1 / 3)
  • 02 Aug Opening of the Stalin White Sea ampndash Baltic Sea Canal, a 227 km navigable waterway constructed using forced labour in the Soviet Union connecting the White Sea with Lake Onega and the Baltic.
  • 03 Aug Yanks are shut out for 1st time after 308 games (since August 2, 1931)
  • 07 Aug The Simele massacre: The Iraqi Government slaughters over 3,000 Assyrians in the village of Sumail. The day becomes known as Assyrian Martyrs Day.
  • 08 Aug In Sioux County, Nebraska, USA a meteorite falls harmlessly to the ground.
  • 12 Aug Cuban Dictator Machado y Morales flees after military coup
  • 13 Aug 16th PGA Championship: Gene Sarazen at Blue Mound Country Club - Milwaukee
  • 14 Aug Jimmie Foxx hits for cycle and sets AL record with 9 RBIs
  • 17 Aug Soviet Union test GIRD-R1 rocket (Object 09)
  • 19 Aug 47th US Womens Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Helen Moody (86 36 30 ret)
  • 22 Aug Bill Veeck, urges midsummer inter-league games and a split season
  • 23 Aug 1st TV boxing match - Archie Sexton and Laurie Raiteri in London
  • 24 Aug The Crescent Limited train derails in Washington, D.C., after the bridge it is crossing is washed out by the 1933 Chesapeake : Potomac hurricane.
  • 25 Aug The Diexi earthquake strikes Mao County, Sichuan, China and kills 9,000 people.
  • 26 Aug Jan van Houten bicycles world record time (44,588 km)
  • 27 Aug Earl Averill becomes 2nd Cleveland ballplayer to hit for cycle Moody defaults in 3rd set, trailing 3-0
  • 28 Aug US President Franklin Roosevelt issues Executive Order 6260, allowing exemptions to the gold ownership ban for up to $100, and for gold coins of recognized collector value.
  • 30 Aug Air France forms
  • 03 Sep Yevgeniy Abalakov is the first man to reach the highest point in the Soviet Union, Communism Peak (now called Ismoil Somoni Peak and situated in Tajikistan) (7495 m).
  • 04 Sep 1st airplane to exceed 300 mph (483 km/h), JR Wendell, Glenview, Illinois
  • 09 Sep 53rd US Mens Tennis: Fred Perry beats Jack Crawford (63 1113 46 60 61)
  • 10 Sep 1st Negro League All-Star Game, West beats East 11-7 (Comiskey Park)
  • 12 Sep Alejandro Lerroux forms new Spanish government
  • 13 Sep Elizabeth McCombs becomes the first woman elected to the New Zealand Parliament.
  • 14 Sep Schaduwproces-Rijksdagbrand opens in London
  • 19 Sep New York Giants clinch the pennant
  • 20 Sep Pittsburgh Steelers (as Pirates) play 1st NFL game, lose 23-2
  • 21 Sep Trial against Marinus der Lubbe opens
  • 25 Sep 1st state poorhouse opens in Smyrna, Georgia
  • 26 Sep A tornado destroys the town of Tampico, Mexico.
  • 28 Sep Greer Garson wed Edward Snelson
  • 29 Sep Little King, Cartoon Character, by Von Beuren, debut
  • 30 Sep Berlin / Hart / Heyman / Myers ballet As Thousands Cheer, premieres in New York City
  • 01 Oct Antwerp Sports arena opens
  • 03 Oct Gustave Staf de Clerq forms Flemish National Covenant
  • 04 Oct Esquire magazine is 1st published
  • 07 Oct New York Giants beat Washington Senators, four games to one in 30th World Series.
  • 08 Oct Coit Tower dedicated in SF, a monument to firefighters
  • 10 Oct 1st synthetic detergent, Dreft by Procter and Gamble, goes on sale
  • 12 Oct Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially).
  • 13 Oct Soccer team STEVO forms in Geesteren
  • 14 Oct Nazi Germany announces withdrawal from League of Nations
  • 15 Oct Philadelphia Eagles play first NFL game, lose to New York Giants 56-0.
  • 17 Oct Albert Einstein flees Nazi Germany and moves to the United States.
  • 19 Oct Berlin Olympic Committee votes to introduce basketball in 1936.
  • 22 Oct Primo Carnera beats Paulin in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 26 Oct French government of Serraut forms
  • 04 Nov Bradman scores 200 NSW vs. Queensland, 184 mins, 26 fours
  • 05 Nov Chicago Bears' 30-game unbeaten streak ends to Boston Redskins (10-0).
  • 07 Nov Pennsylvania voters overturn blue law, by permitting Sunday sports.
  • 08 Nov FDR creates Civil Works Administration
  • 10 Nov Black Blizzard snowstorm-duststorm rages from SD to Atlantic
  • 11 Nov "Great Black Blizzard" first great dust storm in the Great Plains of the USA.
  • 12 Nov Nazis receive 92% of vote in Germany
  • 13 Nov First modern sit-down strike, Hormel meat packers, Austin, Minnesota.
  • 16 Nov Brazilians President Getulio Vargas names himself Dictator
  • 17 Nov US recognizes USSR, opens trade
  • 19 Nov Women allowed to vote in Spain (helps right wing)
  • 21 Nov First US ambassador to USSR, W.C. Bullitt, begins service.
  • 22 Nov The Fujian People's Government is declared in Fujian Province, China.
  • 26 Nov Camille Chautemps becomes French Premier
  • 29 Nov Japan begins persecution of communists
  • 30 Nov CCC Camps are established in Cleveland Park District
  • 03 Dec Joe Lilliard QBs Chicago Cardinals; last NFL black until 1946
  • 04 Dec FDR creates Federal Alcohol Control Administration
  • 05 Dec 21st Am ratified, 18th Amendment (Prohibition) repealed (5:32pm EST)
  • 06 Dec U.S. federal judge John M. Woolsey rules that the James Joyce's novel Ulysses is not obscene.
  • 09 Dec Romania disallows fascist Iron Guard.
  • 14 Dec Josephine Baker performs in Amsterdam
  • 15 Dec Baseball owners agree to ban Sunday doubleheaders until after June 15.
  • 16 Dec Abe de Vries and Sipke Castelein win Elfstedentocht
  • 17 Dec NFL starts keeping official statistics as Chicago Bears beat New York Giants 23-21 in championship game.
  • 19 Dec Electric Home and Farm Authority Inc, authorized.
  • 20 Dec Bolivia and Paraguay sign weapon cease fire.
  • 21 Dec Dried human blood serum first prepared, University of Pennsylvania.
  • 23 Dec Marinus van der Lubbe sentenced to death
  • 24 Dec Paris express train derails and kills 160, injures 300 (France).
  • 25 Dec Another Christmas Day five-wicket haul by Clarrie Grimmett.
  • 26 Dec FM radio is patented.
  • 29 Dec Members of the Iron Guard assassinate Ion Gheorghe Duca, prime minister of Romania.
  • 30 Dec Government disallows NSB-membership for civil service.