1937: On This Year


1937 (MCMXXXVII in Roman Numerals) was the year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1937th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations.

Is 1937 a year special to you? If so you may like to discover what 1937 was famous for, who won the Oscars and the Nobel Prizes in 1937, who was Time's Person of the Year in 1937, which books, music and movies were top of the charts in 1937, what Chinese zodiac sign is associated to 1937, what babynames were most popular that year, what was the World population on that year and what happend in 1937.

On this page we will address all your questions and curiosities about 1937 to help you enjoy your trip down memory lane.


What was 1937 known for ?

  • In 1937, the world saw itself once again on the precipice of a major war. For those Westerners who wished to avoid war, if they looked to the East, they would not find any encouragement.
  • This was the year that the Second Sino-Japanese War began. One might make a case that this marked the beginning of World War II, although the traditional consensus is that the war began in 1939 with the German invasion of Poland. Still, it is possible to view this as the beginning of World War II in Asia.
  • In another major political development, 1937 was the year of the Coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth of the United Kingdom. This was an extraordinary event, because King George VI ascended the throne after the abdication of his brother, Edward VIII. George VI would lead the United Kingdom through the Second World War, and would be succeeded by Queen Elizabeth II, who eventually became the longest-reigning monarch in British history. The dramatic events surrounding the Coronation of King George VI were captured in the 2010 film, The King’s Speech.
  • 1937 also saw the opening of the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California. This was truly an engineering marvel – one of the greatest of the 20th Century. As one marvel went up, a technological disaster also occurred this year. 1937 will tragically be remembered, in part, due to the infamous Hindenburg disaster, in which the German airship Hindenburg burst into flame in New Jersey, killing more than 30 people.
  • This was an important year for literature and film. 1937 was the year that J.R.R. Tolkien’s first edition of his timeless work, The Hobbit, was published in London. This was the year that Ernest Hemingway’s To Have and Have Not was published in the United States. In film, Walt Disney’s Snow White and the Seven Dwarves was released, which was the first feature-length, traditionally animated film. This was also the year that Charlie Chaplin’s first “talkie” was released – a film called Modern Times.

Your place in the Universe on 1937

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1937: Oscar Winners of the Year

In 1937, during the 10th Academy Awards Cerimony, held on 10/03/1938 the following movies, actors, actresses and directors were awarded with the Oscar in 6 categories honoring the films released in 1937:

What movie won the Best Picture Oscar in 1937?

The Life of Emile Zola
The Oscar for Best Movie went to The Life of Emile Zola, directed by William Dieterle, starring Paul Muni, Gale Sondergaard, Joseph Schildkraut, Gloria Holden produced in the United States of America.

Who won the Best Director Oscar in 1937?

The Awful Truth
The Oscar for Best Director went to Leo McCarey, for the movie The Awful Truth , starring produced in the .

Who won the Best Actor Oscar in 1937?

Captains Courageous
The Oscar for Best Actor went to Spencer Tracy, for the movie Captains Courageous, starring Spencer Tracy, Freddie Bartholomew, Lionel Barrymore, Melvyn Douglas produced in the United States of America.

Who won the Best Actress Oscar in 1937?

The Good Earth
The Oscar for Best Actress went to Luise Rainer, for the movie The Good Earth, starring Paul Muni, Luise Rainer, Walter Connolly, Tilly Losch produced in the United States of America.

Who won the Best Supporting Actor Oscar in 1937?

The Life of Emile Zola
The Oscar for Best Supporting Actor went to Joseph Schildkraut, for the movie The Life of Emile Zola, starring Paul Muni, Gale Sondergaard, Joseph Schildkraut, Gloria Holden produced in the United States of America.

Who won the Best Supporting Actress Oscar in 1937?

In Old Chicago
The Oscar for Best Supporting Actress went to Alice Brady, for the movie In Old Chicago, starring Tyrone Power, Alice Faye, Don Ameche, Alice Brady produced in the United States of America.
world population

1937: Who was Time's Person of the Year?

Chiang Kai-shek
In 1937, Chiang Kai-shek was named by TIME magazine as Person of the Year. Chiang was Premier of the Republic of China at the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937.
Ox chinese zodiac sign

1937: What was the Chinese Zodiac sign associated with the year 1937?

According to the Chinese Zodiac and Astrology 1937 was the Year of the Ox.

Discover Zodiac Sign Characteristics and Personality Traits of people born under the Ox sign.

Nobel Prize

1937: Nobel Prize Winners of the Year

1937: Who won the Nobel Prize in None ?

In 1937 the Nobel Prize in None was awarded to:
  • Clinton Davisson

1937: Who won the Nobel Prize in None ?

In 1937 the Nobel Prize in None was awarded to:
  • Norman Haworth

1937: Who won the Nobel Prize in None ?

In 1937 the Nobel Prize in None was awarded to:
  • George Paget Thomson

1937: Who won the Nobel Prize in None ?

In 1937 the Nobel Prize in None was awarded to:
  • Paul Karrer

1937: Who won the Nobel Prize in None ?

In 1937 the Nobel Prize in None was awarded to:
  • Roger Martin du Gard

1937: Who won the Nobel Prize in None ?

In 1937 the Nobel Prize in None was awarded to:
  • Albert Szent-Györgyi

1937: Who won the Nobel Prize in None ?

In 1937 the Nobel Prize in None was awarded to:
  • The Viscount Cecil of Chelwood
world population

1937: What were the most popular baby names in the USA that year ?

The 3 most popular baby names in 1937 were Robert, James and John for boys and Mary, Barbara and Patricia for girls according to the US Census Bureau historical records.

1937: What were the Top #10 male names given to baby boys that year?

The Top # 10 male names given to baby boys in 1937 in the USA according to the US Census Bureau historical records were:

  • Robert
  • James
  • John
  • William
  • Richard
  • Charles
  • Donald
  • David
  • Thomas
  • George

1937: What were the Top #10 female names given to baby girls that year?

The Top # 10 female names given to baby girls in 1937 in the USA according to the US Census Bureau historical records were:

  • Mary
  • Barbara
  • Patricia
  • Shirley
  • Betty
  • Carol
  • Nancy
  • Dorothy
  • Joan
  • Margaret

vinyl songs

1937: What was the number 1 song in the USA that year?

The number 1 song in the USA in 1937, i.e. the best selling and most popular song of tha year, was Nice Work if You Can Get It by Maxine Sullivan

1937: What was the music chart in the USA that year?

The Music Chart in the USA in 1937 with the top 10 most popular songs, was:

  1. Nice Work if You Can Get It by Maxine Sullivan

1937: What were the most popular movies that year ?

The most popular movies and box office hits in 1937 were:



Release year: 1937

Directed by: Joe May

Starring: Kay Francis, Basil Rathbone, Ian Hunter, Jane Bryan

The Awful Truth

The Awful Truth

Release year: 1937

Directed by: Leo McCarey

Starring: Irene Dunne, Cary Grant, Ralph Bellamy, Alexander D'Arcy

Country: United States of America

Lost Horizon

Lost Horizon

Release year: 1937

Directed by: Frank Capra

Starring: Ronald Colman, Jane Wyatt, Edward Everett Horton, John Howard

Country: United States of America

Stage Door

Stage Door

Release year: 1937

Directed by: Gregory La Cava

Starring: Katharine Hepburn, Ginger Rogers, Adolphe Menjou, Gail Patrick

Country: United States of America

Pépé le Moko

Pépé le Moko

Release year: 1937

Directed by: Julien Duvivier

Starring: Jean Gabin, Gabriel Gabrio, Saturnin Fabre, Fernand Charpin

Country: United States of America


What happened in 1937?

Here's what happened in 1937:

  • Jan 1, 1937: Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
  • Jan 3, 1937: The first science fiction convention is held in Leeds, England.
  • Jan 5, 1937: Fingleton and Donald Bradman make record stand of 346 for 6th wicket.
  • Jan 6, 1937: Bradman scores 270 Aust vs. England at the MCG, incl 110 singles
  • Jan 8, 1937: -50 degrees F (-45.6 degrees C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record low).
  • Jan 9, 1937: Italian regime bans marriages between Italians and Abyssinians.
  • Jan 11, 1937: The first issue of ''Look'' magazine goes on sale in the United States.
  • Jan 12, 1937: Plow for laying submarine cable patented.
  • Jan 19, 1937: Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7:28:25).
  • Jan 20, 1937: -45 degrees F (-43 degrees C), Boca, California (state record low).
  • Jan 23, 1937: In Moscow, 17 leading Communists go on trial accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin's regime and assassinate its leaders.
  • Jan 25, 1937: 1st broadcast of Guiding Light on NBC radio
  • Jan 26, 1937: The U.S. state of Michigan celebrates its Centennial Anniversary of statehood.
  • Feb 1, 1937: Stapleton, Staten Island, New York becomes a customs-free port.
  • Feb 4, 1937: Jim Margie, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, bowls 900 in three (unsanctioned) games.
  • Feb 5, 1937: FDR proposes enlarging Supreme Court, court packing plan failed
  • Feb 6, 1937: K Elizabeth Ohi becomes 1st Japanese-US female lawyer
  • Feb 8, 1937: Spanish Civil War: Falangist troops take Málaga.
  • Feb 10, 1937: Ragnhild Hveger swims world free-style record 400 metre (5:14.2).
  • Feb 11, 1937: 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint, Michigan ends.
  • Feb 12, 1937: Cleveland (now Los Angeles) Rams granted an NFL franchise
  • Feb 13, 1937: Prince Valiant comic strip appears
  • Feb 16, 1937: DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers.
  • Feb 19, 1937: Yekatit 12: During a public ceremony at the Viceregal Palace (the former Imperial residence) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, two Eritrean nationalists attempt to kill viceroy Rodolfo Graziani with a number of grenades. Italian authorities exact vicious reprisals on the population.
  • Feb 20, 1937: First automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, California.
  • Feb 21, 1937: Initial flight of the first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman's Arrowbile.
  • Feb 24, 1937: First US group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Washington DC.
  • Mar 1, 1937: US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day.
  • Mar 2, 1937: Mexico nationalizes oil.
  • Mar 3, 1937: Australia snatches cricket series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down.
  • Mar 7, 1937: Bucharin, Jagoda and Rykov pushed out of CPSU in the USSR
  • Mar 8, 1937: Spanish Civil War: The Battle of Guadalajara begins.
  • Mar 10, 1937: The Encyclical ''Mit brennender Sorge'' of Pope Pius XI is published in Nazi Germany.
  • Mar 14, 1937: Battle of the Century: Fred Allen and Jack Benny meet on radio
  • Mar 15, 1937: 1st blood bank forms
  • Mar 16, 1937: All but one senior fouls out of a scrimmage game between seniors and sophomores, but he holds on to win the game 35-32
  • Mar 17, 1937: The Atherton Report (private investigator Edwin Atherton's report detailing vice and police corruption in San Francisco) is released.
  • Mar 18, 1937: Gas explosion in school in New London, Texas, USA; 296 die.
  • Mar 19, 1937: Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
  • Mar 21, 1937: Ponce Massacre: 18 people and a 7-year-old girl in Ponce, Puerto Rico, are gunned down by a police squad acting under orders of US-appointed Governor, Blanton C. Winship.
  • Mar 23, 1937: LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars
  • Mar 24, 1937: Bus blew a tire, going out of control, killing 18
  • Mar 25, 1937: Washington Daily News is first US newspaper with perfumed advertising page.
  • Mar 26, 1937: William H Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge
  • Mar 27, 1937: Feyenoord-stadium official opens in Rotterdam
  • Apr 1, 1937: Aden becomes a British crown colony.
  • Apr 4, 1937: 4th Golf Masters Championship: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 283.
  • Apr 9, 1937: The Kamikaze arrives at Croydon Airport in London : it is the first Japanese-built aircraft to fly to Europe.
  • Apr 12, 1937: ''NLRB v. Jones amp Laughlin Steel'': The Supreme Court of the United States rules that the National Labor Relations Act is constitutional.
  • Apr 17, 1937: Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J Fudd and Petunia Pig debut.
  • Apr 19, 1937: 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20.
  • Apr 20, 1937: A fire in an elementary school in Kilingi-Nõmme, Estonia, kills seventeen students and injures fifty.
  • Apr 22, 1937: New York City college students stage fourth annual peace strike.
  • Apr 26, 1937: Spanish Civil War: Guernica (or Gernika in Basque), Spain is bombed by German Luftwaffe.
  • Apr 27, 1937: 1st US social security payment made
  • Apr 28, 1937: 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed
  • Apr 30, 1937: General Douglas MacArthur marries Jean Faircloth
  • May 1, 1937: FDR signs act of neutrality
  • May 3, 1937: Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for Gone With the Wind
  • May 6, 1937: Dirigible Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, New Jersey (36 die)
  • May 7, 1937: Spanish Civil War: The German Condor Legion, equipped with Heinkel He 51 biplanes, arrives in Spain to assist Francisco Franco's forces.
  • May 8, 1937: 63rd Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on War Admiral wins in 2:03.2.
  • May 9, 1937: Edgar Bergen and Charlie McCarthy took to the airwaves becoming an overnight radio sensation.
  • May 10, 1937: Busmen strike in London
  • May 12, 1937: George VI and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon are crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
  • May 15, 1937: 63rd Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 1:58.4.
  • May 21, 1937: A Soviet station, North Pole-1, becomes the first scientific research settlement to operate on the drift ice of the Arctic Ocean.
  • May 25, 1937: First airmail letter to circle the globe returns to New York.
  • May 26, 1937: Dutch Rail NV at law forms
  • May 27, 1937: Golden Gate Bridge, SF, dedicated
  • May 28, 1937: Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco opens to vehicular traffic.
  • May 30, 1937: Police kill 10 strikers at Republic Steel Plant in Chicago
  • May 31, 1937: 1st quadruplets to finish college
  • Jun 1, 1937: Prince Konoye becomes Japanese Premier
  • Jun 3, 1937: Duke of Windsor (Edward 8) weds Mrs Wallis Warfield Simpson in France
  • Jun 5, 1937: 69th Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 2:28.6
  • Jun 6, 1937: Phillies trailing 8-2 to St. Louis, forfeit game
  • Jun 8, 1937: World's largest flower blooms in New York Botonical Garden, 12-inch calla lily.
  • Jun 11, 1937: Great Purge: The Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin executes eight army leaders.
  • Jun 12, 1937: 41st US Golf Open: Ralph Guldahl shoots a 281 at Oakland Hills, Michigan
  • Jun 13, 1937: Stalin executes Rus officers Tuchachevski, Jakir, Putna and Uberevitch
  • Jun 14, 1937: Pennsylvania becomes the first (and only) state of the United States to celebrate Flag Day officially as a state holiday.
  • Jun 15, 1937: A German expedition led by Karl Wien loses sixteen members in an avalanche on Nanga Parbat. It is the worst single disaster to occur on an 8000m peak.
  • Jun 19, 1937: Franco-troops conquer Bilbao Basques
  • Jun 21, 1937: The coalition government of Léon Blum resigns in France.
  • Jun 22, 1937: Joe Louis knocks out James Braddock for the heavyweight boxing crown.
  • Jun 28, 1937: Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) established in the United States, superseding the Emergency Conservation Work program.
  • Jun 29, 1937: Joseph-Armand Bombardier of Canada receives patent for sprocket and track traction system used in snow vehicles.
  • Jul 1, 1937: Britian begins using an emergency phone number (999)
  • Jul 2, 1937: 57th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats G von Cramm (63 64 62)
  • Jul 5, 1937: Chicago Cub Frank Demaree gets 6 hits in 1st game and 2 in 2nd game
  • Jul 7, 1937: 5th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 8-3 at Griffith Stadium, Washington
  • Jul 10, 1937: Dutch Django Reinhardts Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club
  • Jul 15, 1937: Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
  • Jul 19, 1937: Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
  • Jul 20, 1937: The Geibeltbad Pirna is opened in Dresden, Germany.
  • Jul 21, 1937: Éamon de Valera is elected President of the Executive Council (prime minister) of the Irish Free State by the Dáil (parliament).
  • Jul 22, 1937: Irish Premier Eamon de Valera wins elections
  • Jul 23, 1937: Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University).
  • Jul 24, 1937: Alabama drops rape charges against the so-called ''Scottsboro Boys''.
  • Jul 25, 1937: July 31 ampndash Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Beiping-Tianjin, a series of actions fought around Beiping and Tianjin, resulting in Japanese victory.
  • Jul 26, 1937: End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
  • Jul 27, 1937: 32nd Davis Cup: USA beats Great Britain in Wimbledon
  • Jul 28, 1937: Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
  • Jul 29, 1937: Japanese troops occupies Peking and Tientsin
  • Jul 31, 1937: Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians
  • Aug 1, 1937: Josip Broz Tito reads the resolution ''Manifesto of constitutional congress of KPH'' to the constitutive congress of KPH (Croatian Communist Party) in woods near Samobor.
  • Aug 2, 1937: The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, the effect of which is to render marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
  • Aug 5, 1937: The Soviet Union commences one of the largest campaigns of the Great Purge, to quoteliminate anti-Soviet elements.quot Within the following year, at least 724,000 people are killed on order of the troikas, directed by Joseph Stalin. This was an offensive that targeted social classes (such as the kulaks), ethnic or racial backgrounds which were seen as non-Russian, and Stalin's personal opponents from the Communist Party and their sympathizers.
  • Aug 6, 1937: Franco-artillery fire on Madrid
  • Aug 8, 1937: Bonneville Dam on Columbia River (USA) begins producing power.
  • Aug 13, 1937: Japanese attack Shanghai
  • Aug 14, 1937: China declares war on Japan
  • Aug 18, 1937: 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston, Massachusetts)
  • Aug 24, 1937: Republican offensive near Belchite Spain
  • Aug 25, 1937: Japanese fleet blockades Chinese coast
  • Aug 26, 1937: Pumping to build Treasure Island in SF Bay is finished
  • Aug 27, 1937: Brooklyn Dodgers' Fred Frankhouse no-hits Cincinnati Reds, 5-0 in 7 2/3 inning game.
  • Aug 28, 1937: Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • Aug 29, 1937: Philadelphia Athletics' Bob Johnson is second to get six RBIs in an inning (first).
  • Aug 30, 1937: Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Sep 1, 1937: 4th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 6, Green Bay 0
  • Sep 2, 1937: US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
  • Sep 4, 1937: Doris Kopsky becomes first NABA woman cycling champion (4:22.4).
  • Sep 6, 1937: Spanish Civil War: The start of the Battle of El Mazuco.
  • Sep 7, 1937: CBS broadcasts a two-and-a-half hour memorial concert nationwide on radio in memory of George Gershwin, live from the Hollywood Bowl. Many celebrities appear, including Oscar Levant, Fred Astaire, Otto Klemperer, Lily Pons, and members of the original cast of ''Porgy and Bess''. The concert is recorded and released complete years later in what is excellent sound for its time, on CD. The Los Angeles Philharmonic is the featured orchestra.
  • Sep 8, 1937: Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens
  • Sep 10, 1937: 2nd American Football League plays 1st game
  • Sep 11, 1937: 51st US Womens Tennis: Anita Lizana beats Jadwiga Jedrzejowska
  • Sep 15, 1937: WPA extends L-Taraval streetcar to SF Zoo
  • Sep 17, 1937: The head of Abraham Lincoln on Mount Rushmore is dedicated in Black Hills, South Dakota.
  • Sep 19, 1937: Swiss professional ice hockey club HC Ambrì-Piotta founded.
  • Sep 21, 1937: J R R Tolkien, publishes Hobbit
  • Sep 22, 1937: Forest fire kills 14 and injures 50 in Cody Wyoming.
  • Sep 23, 1937: Yankees lose 9-5 but clinch pennant when Red Sox beat Detroit
  • Sep 25, 1937: Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Pingxingguan: The Communist Chinese National Revolutionary Army defeats the Japanese.
  • Sep 26, 1937: Street and Smith Publications launches a half-hour radio program, ''The Shadow'', with Orson Welles in the title role.
  • Sep 27, 1937: 1st Santa Claus Training School opens
  • Sep 28, 1937: FDR dedicates Bonneville Dam on Columbia River (Oregon)
  • Sep 29, 1937: Frans Slaats bicycles world record time
  • Sep 30, 1937: 6th Ryder Cup: US, 8-4 at Southport and Ainsdale, England
  • Oct 1, 1937: Pullman Company formally recognizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.
  • Oct 2, 1937: FDR visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site in Washington State
  • Oct 3, 1937: Sino-Japanese War: Japanese troops advance toward Nanking.
  • Oct 4, 1937: Rabotnicki Skopje is established as a football club .
  • Oct 5, 1937: Minister Romme says unemployment is 25% quarter of Romme
  • Oct 10, 1937: New York Yankees beat New York Giants four games to one in 34th World Series.
  • Oct 13, 1937: A recorded trace of snow in Central Park, New York City
  • Oct 15, 1937: Ernest Hemingway novel To Have & Have Not published
  • Oct 18, 1937: October 21 ampndash Spanish Civil War: The whole Spanish northern seaboard falls into the Falangists' hands Republican forces in Gijon, Spain, set fire to petrol reserves prior to retreating before the advancing Falangists.
  • Oct 21, 1937: Franco-troops occupies Gijon
  • Oct 25, 1937: Belgian government of Zealand falls due to black money
  • Oct 31, 1937: Spanish government moves from Valencia to Barcelona
  • Nov 1, 1937: Stalinists execute Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community.
  • Nov 2, 1937: AL batting champ Charlie Gehringer wins MVP
  • Nov 3, 1937: Archambaud bicycles world record time (45,796 km)
  • Nov 5, 1937: Hitler informs his military leader of his intentions of going to war
  • Nov 8, 1937: The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude (''The Eternal Jew'') opens in Munich.
  • Nov 9, 1937: Japans army conquers Shanghai
  • Nov 10, 1937: Brazilian president Getúlio Vargas announces the Estado Novo (quotNew Statequot), thence becoming dictator of Brazil until 1945.
  • Nov 11, 1937: Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies world record 610.4 km/h
  • Nov 13, 1937: NBC forms first full-sized symphony orchestra exclusively for radio.
  • Nov 15, 1937: First congressional session in air-conditioned chambers.
  • Nov 23, 1937: Emile Janson becomes Belgian Premier
  • Nov 27, 1937: Pro-labor musical revue Pins & Needles opens, produced by ILGWU
  • Nov 29, 1937: Prince Bernhard injured in auto accident in the Netherlands
  • Nov 30, 1937: 3rd Heisman Trophy Award: Clint Frank, Yale (HB)
  • Dec 1, 1937: Japan recognizes Franco government of Spain.
  • Dec 4, 1937: ''The Dandy'' comic is first published in Scotland it will still be running .
  • Dec 7, 1937: Russian chess player Aljechin recaptures world title from Max Euwe.
  • Dec 9, 1937: Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanjing : Japanese troops under the command of Lt. Gen. Asaka Yasuhiko launch an assault on the Chinese city of Nanjing.
  • Dec 10, 1937: Dollar Line's SS President Hoover runs aground off Japanese island of Formosa. All passengers are transferred to the SS President Pierce after four days. The ship is scavenged by the Japanese in 1939.
  • Dec 11, 1937: Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy leaves the League of Nations.
  • Dec 12, 1937: Japanese aircraft shell and sink US gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologizes and eventually pays US $2.2 million in reparations).
  • Dec 13, 1937: Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanjing : Nanjing, defended by the National Revolutionary Army under the command of General Tang Shengzhi, falls to the Japanese.
  • Dec 14, 1937: Japanese troops conquer / plunder Nanjing
  • Dec 16, 1937: Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from the American federal prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.
  • Dec 21, 1937: 1st feature-length color and sound cartoon premieres
  • Dec 22, 1937: Lincoln Tunnel (New York City, New York) opens to traffic.
  • Dec 23, 1937: First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber.
  • Dec 24, 1937: Dutch government recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia.
  • Dec 25, 1937: Arturo Toscanini conducts 1st Symphony of the Air over NBC Radio
  • Dec 27, 1937: Mae West performs Adam and Eve skit that gets her banned from NBC radio
  • Dec 28, 1937: Fascist Octavian Goga becomes Prime Minister of Romania; begins spread of Judaism.
  • Dec 29, 1937: Pan Am starts San Francisco-to-Auckland, New Zealand service
  • Jan 15, 1937: Spanish Civil War: Nationalists and Republicans both withdraw after suffering heavy losses, ending the Second Battle of the Corunna Road.


What does the year 1937 refer to in the Gregorian calendar?

The year 1937 refers to a specific year in the Gregorian calendar, which is commonly used internationally. It is the 38th year of the 20th century and the 7th year of the 1930s decade. In the Gregorian calendar, it follows 1936 and precedes 1938.

calendars for year 1937

Can you show me the calendar for the year 1937?

February 1937
September 1937
November 1937