In 1937, the world saw itself once again on the precipice of a major war. For those Westerners who wished to avoid war, if they looked to the East, they would not find any encouragement.
This was the year that the Second Sino-Japanese War began. One might make a case that this marked the beginning of World War II, although the traditional consensus is that the war began in 1939 with the German invasion of Poland. Still, it is possible to view this as the beginning of World War II in Asia.
In another major political development, 1937 was the year of the Coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth of the United Kingdom. This was an extraordinary event, because King George VI ascended the throne after the abdication of his brother, Edward VIII. George VI would lead the United Kingdom through the Second World War, and would be succeeded by Queen Elizabeth II, who eventually became the longest-reigning monarch in British history. The dramatic events surrounding the Coronation of King George VI were captured in the 2010 film, The King’s Speech.
1937 also saw the opening of the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California. This was truly an engineering marvel – one of the greatest of the 20th Century. As one marvel went up, a technological disaster also occurred this year. 1937 will tragically be remembered, in part, due to the infamous Hindenburg disaster, in which the German airship Hindenburg burst into flame in New Jersey, killing more than 30 people.
This was an important year for literature and film. 1937 was the year that J.R.R. Tolkien’s first edition of his timeless work, The Hobbit, was published in London. This was the year that Ernest Hemingway’s To Have and Have Not was published in the United States. In film, Walt Disney’s Snow White and the Seven Dwarves was released, which was the first feature-length, traditionally animated film. This was also the year that Charlie Chaplin’s first “talkie” was released – a film called Modern Times.
All Academy Awards Prize winners of the 10th edition of the Oscar ceremony
The Life of Emile Zola
Best supporting actor
Best supporting actress
Time Person of the Year
Who was the person of the year of 1937?
All Nobel Prize winners of 1937
- The Viscount Cecil of Chelwood
- Roger Martin du Gard
- Clinton Davisson
- George Paget Thomson
- Norman Haworth
- Paul Karrer
Physiology or Medicine
- Albert Szent-Györgyi
Which were the top hits of 1937?
Top #1 songs in the USA
Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Which were the important events of 1937?
- 01 Jan 1937 Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
- 03 Jan 1937 The first science fiction convention is held in Leeds, England.
- 05 Jan 1937 Fingleton and Donald Bradman make record stand of 346 for 6th wicket.
- 06 Jan 1937 Bradman scores 270 Aust vs. England at the MCG, incl 110 singles
- 08 Jan 1937 -50 degrees F (-45.6 degrees C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record low).
- 09 Jan 1937 Italian regime bans marriages between Italians and Abyssinians.
- 11 Jan 1937 The first issue of ''Look'' magazine goes on sale in the United States.
- 12 Jan 1937 Plow for laying submarine cable patented.
- 19 Jan 1937 Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7:28:25).
- 20 Jan 1937 -45 degrees F (-43 degrees C), Boca, California (state record low).
- 23 Jan 1937 In Moscow, 17 leading Communists go on trial accused of participating in a plot led by Leon Trotsky to overthrow Joseph Stalin's regime and assassinate its leaders.
- 25 Jan 1937 1st broadcast of Guiding Light on NBC radio
- 26 Jan 1937 The U.S. state of Michigan celebrates its Centennial Anniversary of statehood.
- 01 Feb 1937 Stapleton, Staten Island, New York becomes a customs-free port.
- 04 Feb 1937 Jim Margie, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, bowls 900 in three (unsanctioned) games.
- 05 Feb 1937 FDR proposes enlarging Supreme Court, court packing plan failed
- 06 Feb 1937 K Elizabeth Ohi becomes 1st Japanese-US female lawyer
- 08 Feb 1937 Spanish Civil War: Falangist troops take Málaga.
- 10 Feb 1937 Ragnhild Hveger swims world free-style record 400 metre (5:14.2).
- 11 Feb 1937 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint, Michigan ends.
- 12 Feb 1937 Cleveland (now Los Angeles) Rams granted an NFL franchise
- 13 Feb 1937 Prince Valiant comic strip appears
- 16 Feb 1937 DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers.
- 19 Feb 1937 Yekatit 12: During a public ceremony at the Viceregal Palace (the former Imperial residence) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, two Eritrean nationalists attempt to kill viceroy Rodolfo Graziani with a number of grenades. Italian authorities exact vicious reprisals on the population.
- 20 Feb 1937 First automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, California.
- 21 Feb 1937 Initial flight of the first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman's Arrowbile.
- 24 Feb 1937 First US group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Washington DC.
- 01 Mar 1937 US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day.
- 02 Mar 1937 Mexico nationalizes oil.
- 03 Mar 1937 Australia snatches cricket series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down.
- 07 Mar 1937 Bucharin, Jagoda and Rykov pushed out of CPSU in the USSR
- 08 Mar 1937 Spanish Civil War: The Battle of Guadalajara begins.
- 10 Mar 1937 The Encyclical ''Mit brennender Sorge'' of Pope Pius XI is published in Nazi Germany.
- 14 Mar 1937 Battle of the Century: Fred Allen and Jack Benny meet on radio
- 15 Mar 1937 1st blood bank forms (Chicago IL)
- 16 Mar 1937 All but one senior fouls out of a scrimmage game between seniors and sophomores, but he holds on to win the game 35-32
- 17 Mar 1937 The Atherton Report (private investigator Edwin Atherton's report detailing vice and police corruption in San Francisco) is released.
- 18 Mar 1937 Gas explosion in school in New London, Texas, USA; 296 die.
- 19 Mar 1937 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
- 21 Mar 1937 Ponce Massacre: 18 people and a 7-year-old girl in Ponce, Puerto Rico, are gunned down by a police squad acting under orders of US-appointed Governor, Blanton C. Winship.
- 23 Mar 1937 LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars
- 24 Mar 1937 Bus blew a tire, going out of control, killing 18 (Salem Illinois)
- 25 Mar 1937 Washington Daily News is first US newspaper with perfumed advertising page.
- 26 Mar 1937 William H Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)
- 27 Mar 1937 Feyenoord-stadium official opens in Rotterdam
- 01 Apr 1937 Aden becomes a British crown colony.
- 04 Apr 1937 4th Golf Masters Championship: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 283.
- 09 Apr 1937 The Kamikaze arrives at Croydon Airport in London : it is the first Japanese-built aircraft to fly to Europe.
- 12 Apr 1937 ''NLRB v. Jones amp Laughlin Steel'': The Supreme Court of the United States rules that the National Labor Relations Act is constitutional.
- 17 Apr 1937 Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J Fudd and Petunia Pig debut.
- 19 Apr 1937 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20.
- 20 Apr 1937 A fire in an elementary school in Kilingi-Nõmme, Estonia, kills seventeen students and injures fifty.
- 22 Apr 1937 New York City college students stage fourth annual peace strike.
- 26 Apr 1937 Spanish Civil War: Guernica (or Gernika in Basque), Spain is bombed by German Luftwaffe.
- 27 Apr 1937 1st US social security payment made
- 28 Apr 1937 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (NYC)
- 30 Apr 1937 General Douglas MacArthur marries Jean Faircloth
- 01 May 1937 FDR signs act of neutrality
- 03 May 1937 Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for Gone With the Wind
- 06 May 1937 Dirigible Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, New Jersey (36 die)
- 07 May 1937 Spanish Civil War: The German Condor Legion, equipped with Heinkel He 51 biplanes, arrives in Spain to assist Francisco Franco's forces.
- 08 May 1937 63rd Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on War Admiral wins in 2:03.2.
- 09 May 1937 Edgar Bergen and Charlie McCarthy took to the airwaves becoming an overnight radio sensation.
- 10 May 1937 Busmen strike in London
- 12 May 1937 George VI and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon are crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
- 15 May 1937 63rd Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 1:58.4.
- 21 May 1937 A Soviet station becomes the first scientific research settlement to operate on the drift ice of the Arctic Ocean.
- 25 May 1937 First airmail letter to circle the globe returns to New York.
- 26 May 1937 Dutch Rail NV at law forms
- 27 May 1937 Golden Gate Bridge, SF, dedicated
- 28 May 1937 Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco opens to vehicular traffic.
- 30 May 1937 Police kill 10 strikers at Republic Steel Plant in Chicago
- 31 May 1937 1st quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)
- 01 Jun 1937 Prince Konoye becomes Japanese Premier
- 03 Jun 1937 Duke of Windsor (Edward 8) weds Mrs Wallis Warfield Simpson in France
- 05 Jun 1937 69th Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 2:28.6
- 06 Jun 1937 Phillies trailing 8-2 to St. Louis, forfeit game
- 08 Jun 1937 World's largest flower blooms in New York Botonical Garden, 12-inch calla lily.
- 11 Jun 1937 Great Purge: The Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin executes eight army leaders.
- 12 Jun 1937 41st US Golf Open: Ralph Guldahl shoots a 281 at Oakland Hills, Michigan
- 13 Jun 1937 Stalin executes Rus officers Tuchachevski, Jakir, Putna and Uberevitch
- 14 Jun 1937 Pennsylvania becomes the first (and only) state of the United States to celebrate Flag Day officially as a state holiday.
- 15 Jun 1937 A German expedition led by Karl Wien loses sixteen members in an avalanche on Nanga Parbat. It is the worst single disaster to occur on an 8000m peak.
- 19 Jun 1937 Franco-troops conquer Bilbao Basques
- 21 Jun 1937 The coalition government of Léon Blum resigns in France.
- 22 Jun 1937 Joe Louis knocks out James Braddock for the heavyweight boxing crown.
- 28 Jun 1937 Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) established in the United States, superseding the Emergency Conservation Work program.
- 29 Jun 1937 Joseph-Armand Bombardier of Canada receives patent for sprocket and track traction system used in snow vehicles.
- 01 Jul 1937 Britian begins using an emergency phone number (999)
- 02 Jul 1937 57th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats G von Cramm (63 64 62)
- 05 Jul 1937 Chicago Cub Frank Demaree gets 6 hits in 1st game and 2 in 2nd game
- 07 Jul 1937 5th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 8-3 at Griffith Stadium, Washington
- 10 Jul 1937 Dutch Django Reinhardts Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club
- 15 Jul 1937 Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
- 19 Jul 1937 Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
- 20 Jul 1937 The Geibeltbad Pirna is opened in Dresden, Germany.
- 21 Jul 1937 Éamon de Valera is elected President of the Executive Council (prime minister) of the Irish Free State by the Dáil (parliament).
- 22 Jul 1937 Irish Premier Eamon de Valera wins elections
- 23 Jul 1937 Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University).
- 24 Jul 1937 Alabama drops rape charges against the so-called ''Scottsboro Boys''.
- 25 Jul 1937 July 31 ampndash Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Beiping-Tianjin, a series of actions fought around Beiping and Tianjin, resulting in Japanese victory.
- 26 Jul 1937 End of the Battle of Brunete in the Spanish Civil War.
- 27 Jul 1937 32nd Davis Cup: USA beats Great Britain in Wimbledon (4-1)
- 28 Jul 1937 Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
- 29 Jul 1937 Japanese troops occupies Peking and Tientsin
- 31 Jul 1937 Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians
- 01 Aug 1937 Josip Broz Tito reads the resolution ''Manifesto of constitutional congress of KPH'' to the constitutive congress of KPH (Croatian Communist Party) in woods near Samobor.
- 02 Aug 1937 The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, the effect of which is to render marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
- 05 Aug 1937 The Soviet Union commences one of the largest campaigns of the Great Purge, to quoteliminate anti-Soviet elements.quot Within the following year, at least 724,000 people are killed on order of the troikas, directed by Joseph Stalin. This was an offensive that targeted social classes (such as the kulaks), ethnic or racial backgrounds which were seen as non-Russian, and Stalin's personal opponents from the Communist Party and their sympathizers.
- 06 Aug 1937 Franco-artillery fire on Madrid
- 08 Aug 1937 Bonneville Dam on Columbia River (USA) begins producing power.
- 13 Aug 1937 Japanese attack Shanghai
- 14 Aug 1937 China declares war on Japan
- 18 Aug 1937 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston, Massachusetts)
- 24 Aug 1937 Republican offensive near Belchite Spain
- 25 Aug 1937 Japanese fleet blockades Chinese coast
- 26 Aug 1937 Pumping to build Treasure Island in SF Bay is finished
- 27 Aug 1937 Brooklyn Dodgers' Fred Frankhouse no-hits Cincinnati Reds, 5-0 in 7 2/3 inning game.
- 28 Aug 1937 Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
- 29 Aug 1937 Philadelphia Athletics' Bob Johnson is second to get six RBIs in an inning (first).
- 30 Aug 1937 Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
- 01 Sep 1937 4th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 6, Green Bay 0 (84,560)
- 02 Sep 1937 US Housing Authority created by National Housing Act
- 04 Sep 1937 Doris Kopsky becomes first NABA woman cycling champion (4:22.4).
- 06 Sep 1937 Spanish Civil War: The start of the Battle of El Mazuco.
- 07 Sep 1937 CBS broadcasts a two-and-a-half hour memorial concert nationwide on radio in memory of George Gershwin, live from the Hollywood Bowl. Many celebrities appear, including Oscar Levant, Fred Astaire, Otto Klemperer, Lily Pons, and members of the original cast of ''Porgy and Bess''. The concert is recorded and released complete years later in what is excellent sound for its time, on CD. The Los Angeles Philharmonic is the featured orchestra.
- 08 Sep 1937 Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens
- 10 Sep 1937 2nd American Football League plays 1st game (LA 21, Pittsburgh 0)
- 11 Sep 1937 51st US Womens Tennis: Anita Lizana beats Jadwiga Jedrzejowska (64 62)
- 15 Sep 1937 WPA extends L-Taraval streetcar to SF Zoo (at Sloat Blvd)
- 17 Sep 1937 The head of Abraham Lincoln on Mount Rushmore is dedicated in Black Hills, South Dakota.
- 19 Sep 1937 Swiss professional ice hockey club HC Ambrì-Piotta founded.
- 21 Sep 1937 J R R Tolkien, publishes Hobbit
- 22 Sep 1937 Forest fire kills 14 and injures 50 in Cody Wyoming.
- 23 Sep 1937 Yankees lose 9-5 but clinch pennant when Red Sox beat Detroit
- 25 Sep 1937 Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Pingxingguan: The Communist Chinese National Revolutionary Army defeats the Japanese.
- 26 Sep 1937 Street and Smith Publications launches a half-hour radio program, ''The Shadow'', with Orson Welles in the title role.
- 27 Sep 1937 1st Santa Claus Training School opens (Albion NY)
- 28 Sep 1937 FDR dedicates Bonneville Dam on Columbia River (Oregon)
- 29 Sep 1937 Frans Slaats bicycles world record time (45,563 km)
- 30 Sep 1937 6th Ryder Cup: US, 8-4 at Southport and Ainsdale, England
- 01 Oct 1937 Pullman Company formally recognizes Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.
- 02 Oct 1937 FDR visits Grand Coulee Dam construction site in Washington State
- 03 Oct 1937 Sino-Japanese War: Japanese troops advance toward Nanking.
- 04 Oct 1937 Rabotnicki Skopje is established as a football club .
- 05 Oct 1937 Minister Romme says unemployment is 25% quarter of Romme
- 10 Oct 1937 New York Yankees beat New York Giants four games to one in 34th World Series.
- 13 Oct 1937 A recorded trace of snow in Central Park, New York City
- 15 Oct 1937 Ernest Hemingway novel To Have & Have Not published
- 18 Oct 1937 October 21 ampndash Spanish Civil War: The whole Spanish northern seaboard falls into the Falangists' hands Republican forces in Gijon, Spain, set fire to petrol reserves prior to retreating before the advancing Falangists.
- 21 Oct 1937 Franco-troops occupies Gijon
- 25 Oct 1937 Belgian government of Zealand falls due to black money
- 31 Oct 1937 Spanish government moves from Valencia to Barcelona
- 01 Nov 1937 Stalinists execute Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community.
- 02 Nov 1937 AL batting champ Charlie Gehringer wins MVP
- 03 Nov 1937 Archambaud bicycles world record time (45,796 km)
- 05 Nov 1937 Hitler informs his military leader of his intentions of going to war
- 08 Nov 1937 The Nazi exhibition Der ewige Jude (''The Eternal Jew'') opens in Munich.
- 09 Nov 1937 Japans army conquers Shanghai
- 10 Nov 1937 Brazilian president Getúlio Vargas announces the Estado Novo (quotNew Statequot), thence becoming dictator of Brazil until 1945.
- 11 Nov 1937 Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies world record 610.4 km/h
- 13 Nov 1937 NBC forms first full-sized symphony orchestra exclusively for radio.
- 15 Nov 1937 First congressional session in air-conditioned chambers.
- 23 Nov 1937 Emile Janson becomes Belgian Premier
- 27 Nov 1937 Pro-labor musical revue Pins & Needles opens, produced by ILGWU
- 29 Nov 1937 Prince Bernhard injured in auto accident in the Netherlands
- 30 Nov 1937 3rd Heisman Trophy Award: Clint Frank, Yale (HB)
- 01 Dec 1937 Japan recognizes Franco government of Spain.
- 04 Dec 1937 ''The Dandy'' comic is first published in Scotland it will still be running .
- 07 Dec 1937 Russian chess player Aljechin recaptures world title from Max Euwe.
- 09 Dec 1937 Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanjing : Japanese troops under the command of Lt. Gen. Asaka Yasuhiko launch an assault on the Chinese city of Nanjing.
- 10 Dec 1937 Dollar Line's SS President Hoover runs aground off Japanese island of Formosa. All passengers are transferred to the SS President Pierce after four days. The ship is scavenged by the Japanese in 1939.
- 11 Dec 1937 Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italy leaves the League of Nations.
- 12 Dec 1937 Japanese aircraft shell and sink US gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologizes and eventually pays US $2.2 million in reparations).
- 13 Dec 1937 Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanjing : Nanjing, defended by the National Revolutionary Army under the command of General Tang Shengzhi, falls to the Japanese.
- 14 Dec 1937 Japanese troops conquer / plunder Nanjing
- 16 Dec 1937 Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from the American federal prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.
- 21 Dec 1937 1st feature-length color and sound cartoon premieres (Snow White)
- 22 Dec 1937 Lincoln Tunnel (New York City, New York) opens to traffic.
- 23 Dec 1937 First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber.
- 24 Dec 1937 Dutch government recognizes Italian king Emanuel III as emperor of Abyssinia.
- 25 Dec 1937 Arturo Toscanini conducts 1st Symphony of the Air over NBC Radio
- 27 Dec 1937 Mae West performs Adam and Eve skit that gets her banned from NBC radio
- 28 Dec 1937 Fascist Octavian Goga becomes Prime Minister of Romania; begins spread of Judaism.
- 29 Dec 1937 Pan Am starts San Francisco-to-Auckland, New Zealand service