Only a few years away from the onset of the Second World War, there were, of course, some notable developments leading up to the war in 1936.
The first major development was Germany’s reoccupation of the Rhineland. In violation of the Treaty of Versailles, German troops moved into this western part of Germany along the Rhine. This was also the year that the Hitler Youth was formed, making it mandatory for German boys from the ages of ten to eighteen to become part of this paramilitary organization. 1936 was also the year that the Rome-Berlin Axis was formed, laying the foundation for the Axis Powers of the Second World War. Italy and Germany formed this Axis by treaty, and it would become a formal military alliance in 1939.
1936 was also the year that King George V of the United Kingdom died. His eldest son, Edward, succeeded him, and Edward became King Edward VIII. However, when King Edward expressed an interest in marrying American socialite, Wallis Simpson, a constitutional crisis arose. Simpson was not seen as acceptable for Edward, as she was in the process of divorcing her second husband. In order to marry Simpson, King Edward abdicated, leaving the throne to his brother, Albert, who took the name George VI when he became King. This story inspired the highly acclaimed 2010 film, The King’s Speech.
In the field of economics, John Maynard Keynes published The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, which is widely considered to be the economist’s seminal work. Keynes did experience some criticism, however, notably by economists in the Austrian School, such as Ludwig von Mises and F.A. Hayek.
In the field of literature, Gone With the Wind was published this year. The novel would go on to inspire the great dramatic film of the same name a few years later. In music, Peter and the Wolf, a composition by Sergei Prokofiev, debuted in Moscow. This was also the year that The Green Hornet premiered over the radio in the United States, launching a radio, television, and film franchise for the fictional masked crime-fighter.
Discover how USA looked like in 1936
Have a look at the old newspapers from 1936 and get them!
Which were the most popular movies released this year ?
Directed by: W.S. Van Dyke
Starring: William Powell, Myrna Loy, James Stewart, Elissa Landi
Country: United States
Directed by: George Cukor
Starring: Greta Garbo, Robert Taylor, Lionel Barrymore, Elizabeth Allan
Directed by: Jack Conway
Starring: Jean Harlow, William Powell, Myrna Loy, Spencer Tracy
Directed by: Lloyd Bacon
Starring: Marion Davies, Clark Gable, Allen Jenkins, Roscoe Karns
Which were the top hits of 1936 ?
Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1936 in the USA ?
Click on the dates below to find out what the world looked like in each day of 1936