Only a few years away from the onset of the Second World War, there were, of course, some notable developments leading up to the war in 1936.
The first major development was Germany’s reoccupation of the Rhineland. In violation of the Treaty of Versailles, German troops moved into this western part of Germany along the Rhine. This was also the year that the Hitler Youth was formed, making it mandatory for German boys from the ages of ten to eighteen to become part of this paramilitary organization. 1936 was also the year that the Rome-Berlin Axis was formed, laying the foundation for the Axis Powers of the Second World War. Italy and Germany formed this Axis by treaty, and it would become a formal military alliance in 1939.
1936 was also the year that King George V of the United Kingdom died. His eldest son, Edward, succeeded him, and Edward became King Edward VIII. However, when King Edward expressed an interest in marrying American socialite, Wallis Simpson, a constitutional crisis arose. Simpson was not seen as acceptable for Edward, as she was in the process of divorcing her second husband. In order to marry Simpson, King Edward abdicated, leaving the throne to his brother, Albert, who took the name George VI when he became King. This story inspired the highly acclaimed 2010 film, The King’s Speech.
In the field of economics, John Maynard Keynes published The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, which is widely considered to be the economist’s seminal work. Keynes did experience some criticism, however, notably by economists in the Austrian School, such as Ludwig von Mises and F.A. Hayek.
In the field of literature, Gone With the Wind was published this year. The novel would go on to inspire the great dramatic film of the same name a few years later. In music, Peter and the Wolf, a composition by Sergei Prokofiev, debuted in Moscow. This was also the year that The Green Hornet premiered over the radio in the United States, launching a radio, television, and film franchise for the fictional masked crime-fighter.
All Academy Awards Prize winners of the 9th edition of the Oscar ceremony
The Great Ziegfeld
Best supporting actress
Time Person of the Year
Who was the person of the year of 1936?
All Nobel Prize winners of 1936
- Carlos Saavedra Lamas
- Eugene O'Neill
- Victor Francis Hess
- Carl David Anderson
- Peter Debye
Physiology or Medicine
- Henry Hallett Dale
- Otto Loewi
Which were the top hits of 1936?
Top #1 songs in the USA
- Jeanette MacDonald & Nelson Eddy - Indian Love Call
- Bing Crosby - Let's Call A Heart A Heart
Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial
Which were the important events of 1936?
- 01 Jan 1936 First newspaper to microfilm its current issues, New York Herald Tribune.
- 02 Jan 1936 First electron tube to enable night vision described, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
- 04 Jan 1936 England celebrates its first ever win over the All Blacks in Rugby Union, in particular the 2 famous tries by quotThe Princequot HH Alexander Obolensky.
- 07 Jan 1936 Tennis champions Helen Moody and Howard Kinsley volley 2,001 times (1 hour 18 minutes).
- 09 Jan 1936 Semi-automatic rifles adopted by US army.
- 11 Jan 1936 Charles Anderson enters Kentucky House of Representatives
- 14 Jan 1936 L M (Mario) Giannini elected president of Bank of America.
- 15 Jan 1936 1st all-glass windowless structure in US completed, Toledo, Ohio
- 16 Jan 1936 Spanish socialists / communists / anarchists form Unidad Popular
- 20 Jan 1936 Edward VIII becomes King of the United Kingdom.
- 22 Jan 1936 French Laval government falls.
- 29 Jan 1936 1st players elected to Baseball Hall of Fame-Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson and Walter Johnson
- 30 Jan 1936 New owners of Boston Braves ask newspapermen to pick a new nickname
- 31 Jan 1936 Green Hornet radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit
- 05 Feb 1936 National Wildlife Federation forms.
- 07 Feb 1936 Felix the Cat, Cartoon Character, by Van Beuren from Otto Messmer
- 08 Feb 1936 1st NFL draft, Eagles select Heisman Trophy winner Jay Berwanger
- 10 Feb 1936 Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italian troops launched the Battle of Amba Aradam against Ethiopian defenders.
- 11 Feb 1936 Pumping begins to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay.
- 14 Feb 1936 National Negro Congress organizes in Chicago
- 15 Feb 1936 Hitler announce building of Volkswagens (starting slug-bug game)
- 16 Feb 1936 Elections bring the Popular Front to power in Spain.
- 17 Feb 1936 Phantom cartoon strip by Lee Falk debuts
- 18 Feb 1936 NHL record 62 points scored in a game, New York Americans (28) and MontrTal Maroons (24).
- 20 Feb 1936 John Hope, president of Atlanta University, dies at age 67.
- 22 Feb 1936 Construction on Ypenburg Netherlands airport begins
- 23 Feb 1936 First rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake, New York, USA.
- 26 Feb 1936 Military coup in Japan.
- 27 Feb 1936 Willy den Ouden swims world record 100 metre free style (1:04.6).
- 29 Feb 1936 FDR signs 2nd neutrality act
- 01 Mar 1936 The Hoover Dam is completed.
- 06 Mar 1936 Belgium ends Locarno-pact.
- 07 Mar 1936 Hitler breaks Treaty of Versailles, sends troops to Rhineland
- 08 Mar 1936 Daytona Beach Road Course holds its first oval stock car race.
- 09 Mar 1936 Babe Ruth turns down Cincinnati Reds to make a comeback as a baseball player.
- 14 Mar 1936 Federal Register, first magazine of the US government, publishes first issue.
- 17 Mar 1936 March 18 ampndash St. Patrick's Day Flood: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, suffers the worst flooding in its history.
- 23 Mar 1936 Italy, Austria and Hungary sign Pact of Rome.
- 24 Mar 1936 Red Wings beat Montreal Maroons in 16 minutes and 30 seconds of 6th period Stanley Cup game lasts 9 periods (176 mins), ends 1-0
- 25 Mar 1936 200 mirror blank leaves for California to be ground
- 26 Mar 1936 200 telescope lens shipped, Corning Glass Works, NY-Cal Tech
- 27 Mar 1936 WOS-AM in Jefferson City Missouri goes off the air
- 29 Mar 1936 10,000 watch the 200 mirror blank passing through Indianapolis
- 01 Apr 1936 Orissa constitutes a province of British India.
- 03 Apr 1936 Al Carr KOs Lew Massey on 1 punch, :07 of 1st round
- 05 Apr 1936 Tupelo, Mississippi, USA virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die.
- 06 Apr 1936 Tornado, kills 203 and injuring 1,800 in Gainesville Georgia
- 10 Apr 1936 200 mirror blank arrives in Pasadena
- 11 Apr 1936 The first Butlins holiday camp opens at Skegness. It was officially opened by Amy Johnson from Hull, who was the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia.
- 13 Apr 1936 Metaxas proclaims himself dictator of Greece.
- 15 Apr 1936 First day of the Arab revolt in Palestine.
- 18 Apr 1936 Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from San Francisco, California to Honolulu, Hawaii.
- 19 Apr 1936 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Palestine.
- 20 Apr 1936 40th Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of Rhode Island in 2:33:40.8.
- 26 Apr 1936 Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 4th Symphony
- 27 Apr 1936 The United Auto Workers (UAW) gains autonomy from the American Federation of Labor.
- 01 May 1936 Emperor Haile Selassie leaves Ethiopia as Italian invades.
- 02 May 1936 Peter & Wolf premieres in Moscow
- 03 May 1936 New York Yankees' player Joe DiMaggio makes his major-league debut, gets three hits.
- 04 May 1936 Pulitzer prize awarded to Harold L Davis (Honey in the Horn)
- 05 May 1936 Edward Ravenscroft patents screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip.
- 07 May 1936 Italy annexes Ethiopia.
- 08 May 1936 Jockey Ralph Neves is unexpectedly revived after being declared dead after a fall; his wife faints when he returns to the track.
- 09 May 1936 1st KLM airplane to land on Bonaire
- 10 May 1936 Nahas Pasja becomes premier of Egypt.
- 12 May 1936 The Santa Fe railroad in the United States inaugurates the all-Pullman ''Super Chief'' passenger train between Chicago, Illinois and Los Angeles, California.
- 13 May 1936 Quiroga Government takes office in Spain.
- 15 May 1936 Amy Johnson arrives back in England after a record-breaking return flight to Cape Town
- 16 May 1936 1st British air hostess (Daphne Kearley) flight to France
- 21 May 1936 Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover's severed genitals in her hand. Her story soon becomes one of Japan's most notorious scandals.
- 22 May 1936 Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland.
- 24 May 1936 Dutch bishops forbid membership of Nazi party.
- 25 May 1936 The Remington Rand strike, led by the American Federation of Labor, begins.
- 26 May 1936 In the House of Commons of Northern Ireland, Tommy Henderson begins speaking on the Appropriation Bill. By the time he sits down in the early hours of the following morning, he had spoken for 10 hours.
- 27 May 1936 RMS Queen Mary leaves Southampton for New York on maiden voyage
- 28 May 1936 Alan Turing submits On Computable Numbers for publication.
- 30 May 1936 Margaret Mitchell's novel ''Gone with the Wind'' is first published.
- 01 Jun 1936 Lux Radio Theater moved from NYC to Hollywood
- 06 Jun 1936 40th US Golf Open: Tony Manero shoots a 282 at Baltusrol Golf Club - New Jersey
- 07 Jun 1936 The Steel Workers Organizing Committee, a trade union, is founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Philip Murray is elected its first president.
- 08 Jun 1936 1st parking meters are invented
- 09 Jun 1936 Page Miss Glory (1936), premieres in USA
- 11 Jun 1936 Presbyterian Church of America founded at Philadelphia.
- 12 Jun 1936 1st 50 KW US radio station (Pittsburgh Pa)
- 13 Jun 1936 2nd Belgian government of Van Zealand forms
- 14 Jun 1936 Oranienburg Concentration Camp opens
- 15 Jun 1936 An army laboratory explodes in Estonia, killing 60.
- 16 Jun 1936 Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens the Waal bridge
- 18 Jun 1936 Polish parliament gives President Ignacy Moscicki dictatorial power
- 19 Jun 1936 Dutch Premier Colijn denies relation with German call-girl
- 20 Jun 1936 Jesse Owens of the US sets 100m record at 10.2 seconds.
- 22 Jun 1936 Harry Froboess dives 110m from airship into Bodensee and survives.
- 24 Jun 1936 Mary McLeod Bethune named Director of Negro Affairs in National Youth Administration
- 26 Jun 1936 1st flight of Fw61 helicopter
- 28 Jun 1936 The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.
- 29 Jun 1936 Empire State Building emanates high definition TV-343 lines.
- 30 Jun 1936 Haile Selassie asks League of Nations for sanctions against Italy
- 01 Jul 1936 AVRO radio broadcast studios in Hilversum opens
- 04 Jul 1936 49th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Hull Jacobs beats H Sperling (62 46 75)
- 05 Jul 1936 120 degrees F (49 degrees C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record hot).
- 06 Jul 1936 121 degrees F (49 degrees C), Steele, North Dakota (state record hot).
- 07 Jul 1936 4th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-3 at Braves Field, Boston
- 10 Jul 1936 Phillies Chuck Klein becomes 4th to hit 4 HRs in a game
- 11 Jul 1936 Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx and Queens opens.
- 13 Jul 1936 A Midwestern U.S. heat wave sets the all-time highest temperature records for Wisconsin (46 C), Michigan (44 C), and Indiana (47 C).
- 15 Jul 1936 Dutch 2nd Chamber agree to temporarily increase defense budget
- 16 Jul 1936 First x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, New York.
- 17 Jul 1936 Carl Hubbell begins winning streak, beating Pittsburgh 6-0
- 18 Jul 1936 In Spanish Morocco, military rebels attempt a coup d'etat against the legitimacy of the Spanish government. This will lead to the Spanish Civil War.
- 19 Jul 1936 Spanish Premier Casares Quiroga succeeded by Jose Giral
- 20 Jul 1936 The Montreux Convention is signed in Switzerland, authorizing Turkey to fortify the Dardanelles and Bosphorus but guaranteeing free passage to ships of all nations in peacetime.
- 22 Jul 1936 Phillies John Moore hits 3 consecutive HRs
- 23 Jul 1936 In Catalonia, Spain, the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia is founded through the merger of Socialist and Communist parties.
- 24 Jul 1936 Gen Mola and Cabanellas form Spanish anti-Government
- 25 Jul 1936 115 acre Orchard Beach opens in the Bronx
- 26 Jul 1936 The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
- 29 Jul 1936 RCA shows 1st real TV program (dancing, film on locomotives, Bonwit Teller fashion show & monologue from Tobacco Road & comedy)
- 31 Jul 1936 Tokyo Japan is awarded the 1940 Olympics (later cancelled)
- 01 Aug 1936 Adolph Hitler opens 11th Olympic Games in Berlin
- 03 Aug 1936 Jesse Owens wins the 100 meter dash, defeating Ralph Metcalfe, at the Berlin Olympics.
- 04 Aug 1936 Ioannis Metaxas names himself Dictator of Greece
- 05 Aug 1936 At Berlin Olympics, Jesse Owens wins his third Olympic medal.
- 06 Aug 1936 1st time in 20th century, 1st 2 batters in a game-Roy Johnson and Rabbit Warstler of Boston Bees-lead off with HRs
- 09 Aug 1936 Jesse Owens wins fourth gold medal of Berlin Olympics.
- 12 Aug 1936 Demo baseball game at 1936 Olympics in Berlin, world beats US, 6-5
- 14 Aug 1936 Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States.
- 16 Aug 1936 11th Olympic games closes in Berlin
- 18 Aug 1936 106.5 degrees F - hottest afternoon ever in Iowa.
- 19 Aug 1936 Trial against Ljev Kamenev and Grigori Zinovjev because of Trotskyism opens in Moscow
- 21 Aug 1936 Red Sox Wes Ferrell, walks off mound when he feels he did no get good feilding, Sox suspend him
- 24 Aug 1936 FDR gives FBI authority to pursuit fascists and communists
- 25 Aug 1936 3 Braves hit twice in an inning getting 2 hits each
- 26 Aug 1936 Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936 is signed.
- 01 Sep 1936 Middleweight Staff Roth KOs Heinz Lazek
- 03 Sep 1936 3rd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 7, Detroit 7 (76,000)
- 04 Sep 1936 Franco troops conquer Irun and Talavera de la Reina Spain
- 05 Sep 1936 Red Sox turn a triple-play on Yankees
- 07 Sep 1936 Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) begins operation
- 08 Sep 1936 Princess Juliana and German Prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld get engaged
- 09 Sep 1936 Yankees sweep Indians, New York clinches pennant on earliest date in history
- 11 Sep 1936 FDR dedicates Boulder Dam, now known as Hoover Dam
- 12 Sep 1936 50th US Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Helen Hull Jacobs (46 63 62)
- 21 Sep 1936 Spanish fascist junta names Franco to generalissimo / Supreme Commander
- 23 Sep 1936 Giants Carl Hubbell notches his 16th en route to 24 consecutive wins
- 25 Sep 1936 Joe Medwick sets a still-standing NL record with his 64th double
- 27 Sep 1936 1st baseman Walter Alston plays in his only major league game
- 29 Sep 1936 Radio used for first time for a US Presidential campaign.
- 30 Sep 1936 Pinewood Studios opens in Buckinghamshire England
- 01 Oct 1936 Generalissimo Francisco Franco establishes state of Spain
- 02 Oct 1936 New York Yankees score World Series record 18 runs, beating Giants 18-4
- 03 Oct 1936 Yanks set new attendance record of 64,842 in 3rd game of World Series
- 04 Oct 1936 Italian lire devalued
- 05 Oct 1936 The Jarrow March sets off for London.
- 06 Oct 1936 New York Yankees beat New York Giants four games to two in 33rd World Series.
- 07 Oct 1936 7th-place Brooklyn Dodgers fire manager Casey Stengel
- 09 Oct 1936 Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to LA
- 11 Oct 1936 Professor Quiz, first radio quiz show premieres.
- 13 Oct 1936 Explosion caused by leaking gas rips out section 12 of Cleveland Stadium
- 16 Oct 1936 Lou Gehrig, is voted AL MVP by BBWAA
- 18 Oct 1936 Adolf Hitler announces the Four Year Economic Plan to the German people. The plan details the rebuilding of the German military from 1936 to 1940.
- 19 Oct 1936 H.R. Ekins, reporter for the ''New York World-Telegram'', wins a race to travel around the world on commercial airline flights, beating out Dorothy Kilgallen of the ''New York Journal'' and Leo Kieran of the ''New York Times''. The flight takes 18½ days.
- 20 Oct 1936 Carl Hubbell, 26-6, edges out Dizzy Dean, 24-13, for MVP honors in NL
- 22 Oct 1936 First commercial flight from mainland USA to Hawaii.
- 26 Oct 1936 The first electric generator at Boulder Dam goes into full operation.
- 27 Oct 1936 Mrs Wallis Simpson files for divorce which would eventually allow her to marry King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, thus forcing his abdication from the throne.
- 28 Oct 1936 FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary
- 29 Oct 1936 The historic Uptown Theater opens in Washington D.C.
- 01 Nov 1936 Mussolini describes alliance between Italy and Germany as an axis
- 02 Nov 1936 1st high-definition TV broadcast service, by BBC in London
- 03 Nov 1936 President Franklin Roosevelt wins landslide victory over Alfred M Landon (Republican).
- 06 Nov 1936 Terence Rattigans French Without Tears, premieres in London
- 07 Nov 1936 Battle of Madrid begins
- 09 Nov 1936 Albanian government of Frasheri falls
- 12 Nov 1936 St. Louis Browns sold to Donald L Barnes and William O DeWitt
- 14 Nov 1936 Bradman scores 192 for South Africa vs. Victoria before a MCG crowd of 21000
- 15 Nov 1936 Nazi-Germany and Japan sign Anti-Komintern pact
- 16 Nov 1936 German air force begins bombing of Madrid
- 17 Nov 1936 Edgar Bergen and Charlie McCarthy become overnight success on radio
- 18 Nov 1936 Main span of Golden Gate Bridge (San Francisco, California) is joined.
- 20 Nov 1936 Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange, is killed by a republican execution squad.
- 22 Nov 1936 19th PGA Championship: Denny Shute at Pinehurst Country Club - Pinehurst, North Carolina
- 23 Nov 1936 Life magazine hit newsstands
- 24 Nov 1936 Pacifist / anti fascist writer Carl Von Ossietzky sent to concentration camp, award Nobel Peace Prize
- 25 Nov 1936 Germany and Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact, to cooperate in defense against Communistic International. Germany and Japan will share information on Comintern activities, and invite other states to adopt anti-Comintern defensive measures. Secret clause: both agree that if one is attacked or threatened, the other would not relieve the position of the Soviet Union, and both would not conclude political treaties with the Soviet Union that did not conform with spirit of the pact. The pact is in
- 26 Nov 1936 The Anti-Comintern Pact is signed by Germany and Japan.
- 30 Nov 1936 In London, the Crystal Palace is destroyed by fire.
- 01 Dec 1936 EW Brundin and FF Lyon obtain patent on soilless culture of plants.
- 05 Dec 1936 Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakhstan SSR and Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of the Soviet Union.
- 07 Dec 1936 Australian cricketer Jack Fingleton becomes the first player to score centuries in four consecutive Test innings.
- 08 Dec 1936 Anastasio Somoza elected President of Nicaragua.
- 09 Dec 1936 AL OKs night baseball for St. Louis
- 10 Dec 1936 England replaces King Edward VIII stamp series with King George VI
- 11 Dec 1936 King Edward VIII marries Mrs Wallis Simpson; abdicates throne Duke of York becomes King George VI
- 12 Dec 1936 Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek declares war on Japan.
- 13 Dec 1936 Final Boston Redskins NFL game, lose to Green Bay Packers 21-6, move to Washington DC.
- 15 Dec 1936 KVL-AM in Seattle Washington changes call letters to KEEN (now KING)
- 17 Dec 1936 Ventriloquist Edgar Bergen and dummy Charlie McCarthy make their radio debut on Rudy Vallee's Royal Gelatin Hour.
- 18 Dec 1936 1st giant panda imported into US
- 22 Dec 1936 First common carrier license issued by ICC, Scranton Pennsylvania.
- 23 Dec 1936 Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
- 24 Dec 1936 The first radioactive isotope medicine is administered in Berkeley, California.
- 25 Dec 1936 Ron Hamence scores 104 for South Africa versus Queensland before 4,865.
- 26 Dec 1936 Israel Philarmonic Orchestra forms
- 29 Dec 1936 The United Auto Workers begins the Flint Sit-Down Strike in Flint, Michigan.
- 30 Dec 1936 United Auto Workers stage first sit-down strike, at Fisher Body Plant.