1936

Only a few years away from the onset of the Second World War, there were, of course, some notable developments leading up to the war in 1936.

1936

The first major development was Germany’s reoccupation of the Rhineland. In violation of the Treaty of Versailles, German troops moved into this western part of Germany along the Rhine. This was also the year that the Hitler Youth was formed, making it mandatory for German boys from the ages of ten to eighteen to become part of this paramilitary organization. 1936 was also the year that the Rome-Berlin Axis was formed, laying the foundation for the Axis Powers of the Second World War. Italy and Germany formed this Axis by treaty, and it would become a formal military alliance in 1939.

1936 was also the year that King George V of the United Kingdom died. His eldest son, Edward, succeeded him, and Edward became King Edward VIII. However, when King Edward expressed an interest in marrying American socialite, Wallis Simpson, a constitutional crisis arose. Simpson was not seen as acceptable for Edward, as she was in the process of divorcing her second husband. In order to marry Simpson, King Edward abdicated, leaving the throne to his brother, Albert, who took the name George VI when he became King. This story inspired the highly acclaimed 2010 film, The King’s Speech.

In the field of economics, John Maynard Keynes published The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money, which is widely considered to be the economist’s seminal work. Keynes did experience some criticism, however, notably by economists in the Austrian School, such as Ludwig von Mises and F.A. Hayek.

In the field of literature, Gone With the Wind was published this year. The novel would go on to inspire the great dramatic film of the same name a few years later. In music, Peter and the Wolf, a composition by Sergei Prokofiev, debuted in Moscow. This was also the year that The Green Hornet premiered over the radio in the United States, launching a radio, television, and film franchise for the fictional masked crime-fighter.

Discover how the world looked like in 1936

Oscar

Oscar Winners

All Academy Awards Prize winners of the 9th edition of the Oscar ceremony


Best picture

The Great Ziegfeld

The Great Ziegfeld

The Great Ziegfeld

Directed by: Robert Z. Leonard

Starring: William Powell, Myrna Loy, Luise Rainer, Frank Morgan

Country: United States of America

Best director

Frank Capra

Mr. Deeds Goes to Town

Mr. Deeds Goes to Town

Best actress

Luise Rainer

The Great Ziegfeld

The Great Ziegfeld

Directed by: Robert Z. Leonard

Starring: William Powell, Myrna Loy, Luise Rainer, Frank Morgan

Country: United States of America

Best supporting actress

Gale Sondergaard

Anthony Adverse

Anthony Adverse

Directed by: Mervyn LeRoy, Michael Curtiz

Starring: Fredric March, Olivia de Havilland, Donald Woods, Anita Louise

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1936


Peace Prize

  • Carlos Saavedra Lamas

Literature

  • Eugene O'Neill

Physics

  • Victor Francis Hess
  • Carl David Anderson

Chemistry

  • Peter Debye

Physiology or Medicine

  • Henry Hallett Dale
  • Otto Loewi
vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1936?


Top #1 songs in the USA

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Modern Times

Modern Times

Directed by: Charles Chaplin

Starring: Charles Chaplin, Paulette Goddard, Henry Bergman, Tiny Sandford

Country: United States of America

My Man Godfrey

My Man Godfrey

Directed by: Gregory La Cava

Starring: William Powell, Carole Lombard, Alice Brady, Gail Patrick

Country: United States of America

Dodsworth

Dodsworth

Directed by: William Wyler

Starring: Walter Huston, Ruth Chatterton, Paul Lukas, Mary Astor

Country: United States of America

Mr. Deeds Goes to Town

Mr. Deeds Goes to Town

Directed by: Frank Capra

Starring: Gary Cooper, Jean Arthur, George Bancroft, Lionel Stander

Country: United States of America

Fury

Fury

Directed by: Fritz Lang

Starring: Sylvia Sidney, Spencer Tracy, Walter Abel, Bruce Cabot

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1936 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1936?


Events

  • 01 Jan First newspaper to microfilm its current issues, New York Herald Tribune.
  • 02 Jan First electron tube to enable night vision described, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA.
  • 04 Jan England celebrates its first ever win over the All Blacks in Rugby Union, in particular the 2 famous tries by quotThe Princequot HH Alexander Obolensky.
  • 07 Jan Tennis champions Helen Moody and Howard Kinsley volley 2,001 times (1 hour 18 minutes).
  • 09 Jan Semi-automatic rifles adopted by US army.
  • 11 Jan Charles Anderson enters Kentucky House of Representatives
  • 14 Jan L M (Mario) Giannini elected president of Bank of America.
  • 15 Jan 1st all-glass windowless structure in US completed, Toledo, Ohio
  • 16 Jan Spanish socialists / communists / anarchists form Unidad Popular
  • 20 Jan Edward VIII becomes King of the United Kingdom.
  • 22 Jan French Laval government falls.
  • 29 Jan 1st players elected to Baseball Hall of Fame-Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson and Walter Johnson
  • 30 Jan New owners of Boston Braves ask newspapermen to pick a new nickname
  • 31 Jan Green Hornet radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit
  • 05 Feb National Wildlife Federation forms.
  • 07 Feb Felix the Cat, Cartoon Character, by Van Beuren from Otto Messmer
  • 08 Feb 1st NFL draft, Eagles select Heisman Trophy winner Jay Berwanger
  • 10 Feb Second Italo-Abyssinian War: Italian troops launched the Battle of Amba Aradam against Ethiopian defenders.
  • 11 Feb Pumping begins to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay.
  • 14 Feb National Negro Congress organizes in Chicago
  • 15 Feb Hitler announce building of Volkswagens (starting slug-bug game)
  • 16 Feb Elections bring the Popular Front to power in Spain.
  • 17 Feb Phantom cartoon strip by Lee Falk debuts
  • 18 Feb NHL record 62 points scored in a game, New York Americans (28) and MontrTal Maroons (24).
  • 20 Feb John Hope, president of Atlanta University, dies at age 67.
  • 22 Feb Construction on Ypenburg Netherlands airport begins
  • 23 Feb First rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake, New York, USA.
  • 26 Feb Military coup in Japan.
  • 27 Feb Willy den Ouden swims world record 100 metre free style (1:04.6).
  • 29 Feb FDR signs 2nd neutrality act
  • 01 Mar The Hoover Dam is completed.
  • 06 Mar Belgium ends Locarno-pact.
  • 07 Mar Hitler breaks Treaty of Versailles, sends troops to Rhineland
  • 08 Mar Daytona Beach Road Course holds its first oval stock car race.
  • 09 Mar Babe Ruth turns down Cincinnati Reds to make a comeback as a baseball player.
  • 14 Mar Federal Register, first magazine of the US government, publishes first issue.
  • 17 Mar March 18 ampndash St. Patrick's Day Flood: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, suffers the worst flooding in its history.
  • 23 Mar Italy, Austria and Hungary sign Pact of Rome.
  • 24 Mar Red Wings beat Montreal Maroons in 16 minutes and 30 seconds of 6th period Stanley Cup game lasts 9 periods (176 mins), ends 1-0
  • 25 Mar 200 mirror blank leaves for California to be ground
  • 26 Mar 200 telescope lens shipped, Corning Glass Works, NY-Cal Tech
  • 27 Mar WOS-AM in Jefferson City Missouri goes off the air
  • 29 Mar 10,000 watch the 200 mirror blank passing through Indianapolis
  • 01 Apr Orissa constitutes a province of British India.
  • 03 Apr Al Carr KOs Lew Massey on 1 punch, :07 of 1st round
  • 05 Apr Tupelo, Mississippi, USA virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die.
  • 06 Apr Tornado, kills 203 and injuring 1,800 in Gainesville Georgia
  • 10 Apr 200 mirror blank arrives in Pasadena
  • 11 Apr The first Butlins holiday camp opens at Skegness. It was officially opened by Amy Johnson from Hull, who was the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia.
  • 13 Apr Metaxas proclaims himself dictator of Greece.
  • 15 Apr First day of the Arab revolt in Palestine.
  • 18 Apr Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from San Francisco, California to Honolulu, Hawaii.
  • 19 Apr Anti-Jewish riots break out in Palestine.
  • 20 Apr 40th Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of Rhode Island in 2:33:40.8.
  • 26 Apr Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 4th Symphony
  • 27 Apr The United Auto Workers (UAW) gains autonomy from the American Federation of Labor.
  • 01 May Emperor Haile Selassie leaves Ethiopia as Italian invades.
  • 02 May Peter & Wolf premieres in Moscow
  • 03 May New York Yankees' player Joe DiMaggio makes his major-league debut, gets three hits.
  • 04 May Pulitzer prize awarded to Harold L Davis (Honey in the Horn)
  • 05 May Edward Ravenscroft patents screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip.
  • 07 May Italy annexes Ethiopia.
  • 08 May Jockey Ralph Neves is unexpectedly revived after being declared dead after a fall; his wife faints when he returns to the track.
  • 09 May 1st KLM airplane to land on Bonaire
  • 10 May Nahas Pasja becomes premier of Egypt.
  • 12 May The Santa Fe railroad in the United States inaugurates the all-Pullman ''Super Chief'' passenger train between Chicago, Illinois and Los Angeles, California.
  • 13 May Quiroga Government takes office in Spain.
  • 15 May Amy Johnson arrives back in England after a record-breaking return flight to Cape Town
  • 16 May 1st British air hostess (Daphne Kearley) flight to France
  • 21 May Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover's severed genitals in her hand. Her story soon becomes one of Japan's most notorious scandals.
  • 22 May Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland.
  • 24 May Dutch bishops forbid membership of Nazi party.
  • 25 May The Remington Rand strike, led by the American Federation of Labor, begins.
  • 26 May In the House of Commons of Northern Ireland, Tommy Henderson begins speaking on the Appropriation Bill. By the time he sits down in the early hours of the following morning, he had spoken for 10 hours.
  • 27 May RMS Queen Mary leaves Southampton for New York on maiden voyage
  • 28 May Alan Turing submits On Computable Numbers for publication.
  • 30 May Margaret Mitchell's novel ''Gone with the Wind'' is first published.
  • 01 Jun Lux Radio Theater moved from NYC to Hollywood
  • 06 Jun 40th US Golf Open: Tony Manero shoots a 282 at Baltusrol Golf Club - New Jersey
  • 07 Jun The Steel Workers Organizing Committee, a trade union, is founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Philip Murray is elected its first president.
  • 08 Jun 1st parking meters are invented
  • 09 Jun Page Miss Glory (1936), premieres in USA
  • 11 Jun Presbyterian Church of America founded at Philadelphia.
  • 12 Jun 1st 50 KW US radio station (Pittsburgh Pa)
  • 13 Jun 2nd Belgian government of Van Zealand forms
  • 14 Jun Oranienburg Concentration Camp opens
  • 15 Jun An army laboratory explodes in Estonia, killing 60.
  • 16 Jun Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens the Waal bridge
  • 18 Jun Polish parliament gives President Ignacy Moscicki dictatorial power
  • 19 Jun Dutch Premier Colijn denies relation with German call-girl
  • 20 Jun Jesse Owens of the US sets 100m record at 10.2 seconds.
  • 22 Jun Harry Froboess dives 110m from airship into Bodensee and survives.
  • 24 Jun Mary McLeod Bethune named Director of Negro Affairs in National Youth Administration
  • 26 Jun 1st flight of Fw61 helicopter
  • 28 Jun The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.
  • 29 Jun Empire State Building emanates high definition TV-343 lines.
  • 30 Jun Haile Selassie asks League of Nations for sanctions against Italy
  • 01 Jul AVRO radio broadcast studios in Hilversum opens
  • 04 Jul 49th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Hull Jacobs beats H Sperling (62 46 75)
  • 05 Jul 120 degrees F (49 degrees C), Gannvalley, South Dakota (state record hot).
  • 06 Jul 121 degrees F (49 degrees C), Steele, North Dakota (state record hot).
  • 07 Jul 4th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-3 at Braves Field, Boston
  • 10 Jul Phillies Chuck Klein becomes 4th to hit 4 HRs in a game
  • 11 Jul Triborough Bridge linking Manhattan, Bronx and Queens opens.
  • 13 Jul A Midwestern U.S. heat wave sets the all-time highest temperature records for Wisconsin (46 C), Michigan (44 C), and Indiana (47 C).
  • 15 Jul Dutch 2nd Chamber agree to temporarily increase defense budget
  • 16 Jul First x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, New York.
  • 17 Jul Carl Hubbell begins winning streak, beating Pittsburgh 6-0
  • 18 Jul In Spanish Morocco, military rebels attempt a coup d'etat against the legitimacy of the Spanish government. This will lead to the Spanish Civil War.
  • 19 Jul Spanish Premier Casares Quiroga succeeded by Jose Giral
  • 20 Jul The Montreux Convention is signed in Switzerland, authorizing Turkey to fortify the Dardanelles and Bosphorus but guaranteeing free passage to ships of all nations in peacetime.
  • 22 Jul Phillies John Moore hits 3 consecutive HRs
  • 23 Jul In Catalonia, Spain, the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia is founded through the merger of Socialist and Communist parties.
  • 24 Jul Gen Mola and Cabanellas form Spanish anti-Government
  • 25 Jul 115 acre Orchard Beach opens in the Bronx
  • 26 Jul The Axis Powers decide to intervene in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 29 Jul RCA shows 1st real TV program (dancing, film on locomotives, Bonwit Teller fashion show & monologue from Tobacco Road & comedy)
  • 31 Jul Tokyo Japan is awarded the 1940 Olympics (later cancelled)
  • 01 Aug Adolph Hitler opens 11th Olympic Games in Berlin
  • 03 Aug Jesse Owens wins the 100 meter dash, defeating Ralph Metcalfe, at the Berlin Olympics.
  • 04 Aug Ioannis Metaxas names himself Dictator of Greece
  • 05 Aug At Berlin Olympics, Jesse Owens wins his third Olympic medal.
  • 06 Aug 1st time in 20th century, 1st 2 batters in a game-Roy Johnson and Rabbit Warstler of Boston Bees-lead off with HRs
  • 09 Aug Jesse Owens wins fourth gold medal of Berlin Olympics.
  • 12 Aug Demo baseball game at 1936 Olympics in Berlin, world beats US, 6-5
  • 14 Aug Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States.
  • 16 Aug 11th Olympic games closes in Berlin
  • 18 Aug 106.5 degrees F - hottest afternoon ever in Iowa.
  • 19 Aug Trial against Ljev Kamenev and Grigori Zinovjev because of Trotskyism opens in Moscow
  • 21 Aug Red Sox Wes Ferrell, walks off mound when he feels he did no get good feilding, Sox suspend him
  • 24 Aug FDR gives FBI authority to pursuit fascists and communists
  • 25 Aug 3 Braves hit twice in an inning getting 2 hits each
  • 26 Aug Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936 is signed.
  • 01 Sep Middleweight Staff Roth KOs Heinz Lazek
  • 03 Sep 3rd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 7, Detroit 7 (76,000)
  • 04 Sep Franco troops conquer Irun and Talavera de la Reina Spain
  • 05 Sep Red Sox turn a triple-play on Yankees
  • 07 Sep Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) begins operation
  • 08 Sep Princess Juliana and German Prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld get engaged
  • 09 Sep Yankees sweep Indians, New York clinches pennant on earliest date in history
  • 11 Sep FDR dedicates Boulder Dam, now known as Hoover Dam
  • 12 Sep 50th US Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Helen Hull Jacobs (46 63 62)
  • 21 Sep Spanish fascist junta names Franco to generalissimo / Supreme Commander
  • 23 Sep Giants Carl Hubbell notches his 16th en route to 24 consecutive wins
  • 25 Sep Joe Medwick sets a still-standing NL record with his 64th double
  • 27 Sep 1st baseman Walter Alston plays in his only major league game
  • 29 Sep Radio used for first time for a US Presidential campaign.
  • 30 Sep Pinewood Studios opens in Buckinghamshire England
  • 01 Oct Generalissimo Francisco Franco establishes state of Spain
  • 02 Oct New York Yankees score World Series record 18 runs, beating Giants 18-4
  • 03 Oct Yanks set new attendance record of 64,842 in 3rd game of World Series
  • 04 Oct Italian lire devalued
  • 05 Oct The Jarrow March sets off for London.
  • 06 Oct New York Yankees beat New York Giants four games to two in 33rd World Series.
  • 07 Oct 7th-place Brooklyn Dodgers fire manager Casey Stengel
  • 09 Oct Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to LA
  • 11 Oct Professor Quiz, first radio quiz show premieres.
  • 13 Oct Explosion caused by leaking gas rips out section 12 of Cleveland Stadium
  • 16 Oct Lou Gehrig, is voted AL MVP by BBWAA
  • 18 Oct Adolf Hitler announces the Four Year Economic Plan to the German people. The plan details the rebuilding of the German military from 1936 to 1940.
  • 19 Oct H.R. Ekins, reporter for the ''New York World-Telegram'', wins a race to travel around the world on commercial airline flights, beating out Dorothy Kilgallen of the ''New York Journal'' and Leo Kieran of the ''New York Times''. The flight takes 18½ days.
  • 20 Oct Carl Hubbell, 26-6, edges out Dizzy Dean, 24-13, for MVP honors in NL
  • 22 Oct First commercial flight from mainland USA to Hawaii.
  • 26 Oct The first electric generator at Boulder Dam goes into full operation.
  • 27 Oct Mrs Wallis Simpson files for divorce which would eventually allow her to marry King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom, thus forcing his abdication from the throne.
  • 28 Oct FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary
  • 29 Oct The historic Uptown Theater opens in Washington D.C.
  • 01 Nov Mussolini describes alliance between Italy and Germany as an axis
  • 02 Nov 1st high-definition TV broadcast service, by BBC in London
  • 03 Nov President Franklin Roosevelt wins landslide victory over Alfred M Landon (Republican).
  • 06 Nov Terence Rattigans French Without Tears, premieres in London
  • 07 Nov Battle of Madrid begins
  • 09 Nov Albanian government of Frasheri falls
  • 12 Nov St. Louis Browns sold to Donald L Barnes and William O DeWitt
  • 14 Nov Bradman scores 192 for South Africa vs. Victoria before a MCG crowd of 21000
  • 15 Nov Nazi-Germany and Japan sign Anti-Komintern pact
  • 16 Nov German air force begins bombing of Madrid
  • 17 Nov Edgar Bergen and Charlie McCarthy become overnight success on radio
  • 18 Nov Main span of Golden Gate Bridge (San Francisco, California) is joined.
  • 20 Nov Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange, is killed by a republican execution squad.
  • 22 Nov 19th PGA Championship: Denny Shute at Pinehurst Country Club - Pinehurst, North Carolina
  • 23 Nov Life magazine hit newsstands
  • 24 Nov Pacifist / anti fascist writer Carl Von Ossietzky sent to concentration camp, award Nobel Peace Prize
  • 25 Nov Germany and Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact, to cooperate in defense against Communistic International. Germany and Japan will share information on Comintern activities, and invite other states to adopt anti-Comintern defensive measures. Secret clause: both agree that if one is attacked or threatened, the other would not relieve the position of the Soviet Union, and both would not conclude political treaties with the Soviet Union that did not conform with spirit of the pact. The pact is in
  • 26 Nov The Anti-Comintern Pact is signed by Germany and Japan.
  • 30 Nov In London, the Crystal Palace is destroyed by fire.
  • 01 Dec EW Brundin and FF Lyon obtain patent on soilless culture of plants.
  • 05 Dec Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakhstan SSR and Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of the Soviet Union.
  • 07 Dec Australian cricketer Jack Fingleton becomes the first player to score centuries in four consecutive Test innings.
  • 08 Dec Anastasio Somoza elected President of Nicaragua.
  • 09 Dec AL OKs night baseball for St. Louis
  • 10 Dec England replaces King Edward VIII stamp series with King George VI
  • 11 Dec King Edward VIII marries Mrs Wallis Simpson; abdicates throne Duke of York becomes King George VI
  • 12 Dec Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek declares war on Japan.
  • 13 Dec Final Boston Redskins NFL game, lose to Green Bay Packers 21-6, move to Washington DC.
  • 15 Dec KVL-AM in Seattle Washington changes call letters to KEEN (now KING)
  • 17 Dec Ventriloquist Edgar Bergen and dummy Charlie McCarthy make their radio debut on Rudy Vallee's Royal Gelatin Hour.
  • 18 Dec 1st giant panda imported into US
  • 22 Dec First common carrier license issued by ICC, Scranton Pennsylvania.
  • 23 Dec Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 24 Dec The first radioactive isotope medicine is administered in Berkeley, California.
  • 25 Dec Ron Hamence scores 104 for South Africa versus Queensland before 4,865.
  • 26 Dec Israel Philarmonic Orchestra forms
  • 29 Dec The United Auto Workers begins the Flint Sit-Down Strike in Flint, Michigan.
  • 30 Dec United Auto Workers stage first sit-down strike, at Fisher Body Plant.