1914

Difficult to talk about 1914 without mentioning the opening of the Panama Canal and, of course, the start of World War I.

1914

The conflict was precipitated by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria by Gavrilo Princip, a 19-year-old Serbian nationalist on June 28th. Austria-Hungary’s response was to attack the Serbian capital of Belgrade, causing Russia to enter the fray, in turn leading Germany to declare war on Russia and its ally, France. The United Kingdom declared war on Germany in response to their invasion of neutral Belgium. President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed the United States’ neutrality and attempted to broker a peace between the Allies (The U.K., France and Russia) and the Central European powers of Germany and Austria-Hungary, but to no avail. The United States would enter the war on the side of the Allies in the summer of 1918, playing a key role in the Allied victory in November of that year.

The year was less grim for the arts, as on February 2nd famous English actor Charlie Chaplin made his debut in Making a Living, a comedy short. Soon after, he appeared in Kid Auto Races at Venice as his most famous character of “The Tramp”, and would star in one the year’s most popular films, Tillie’s Punctured Romance.

In sports, legendary U.S. baseball player Babe Ruth made his major league debut and Honus Wagner of the Pittsburgh Pirates became the first player of the 20th century to reach 3000 career hits. In science and technology, British archaeologist Katherine Routledge began the first survey of the mysterious Easter Island, and the St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line in Florida launched the first regular passenger flight.

Notable births in 1904 include American author William S. Burroughs, English actor Alec Guinness of Star Wars fame, and Soviet politician Yuri Andropov.

Discover how the world looked like in 1914

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Judith of Bethulia

Judith of Bethulia

Directed by: D.W. Griffith

Starring: Blanche Sweet, Henry B. Walthall, Mae Marsh, Robert Harron

Country: United States of America

Cabiria

Cabiria

Directed by: Giovanni Pastrone

Starring: Italia Almirante-Manzini, Lidia Quaranta, Bartolomeo Pagano, Carolina Catena

Country: United States of America

Rip Van Winkle

Rip Van Winkle

Directed by: Will Vinton

The Patchwork Girl of Oz

The Patchwork Girl of Oz

Directed by: J. Farrell MacDonald

Starring: Violet MacMillan, Frank Moore, Raymond Russell, Leontine Dranet

Country: United States of America

Napoleon

Napoleon

Directed by: Sasha Guitry

vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1914?


Top #1 songs in the USA

  • - Love's Melody
  • - Good-Bye
  • - Somewhere a Voice is Calling
  • - A Little Love, A Little Kiss

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1914 in the USA ?

Top #10 male names
  1. John
  2. William
  3. James
  4. Robert
  5. Joseph
  6. George
  7. Charles
  8. Edward
  9. Frank
  10. Walter
Top #10 female names
  1. Mary
  2. Helen
  3. Dorothy
  4. Margaret
  5. Ruth
  6. Anna
  7. Mildred
  8. Elizabeth
  9. Frances
  10. Marie
history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1914?


Events

  • 01 Jan 1st scheduled airline flight, St. Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot)
  • 02 Jan Philips installs research department in Eindhoven.
  • 05 Jan The Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 for a day's labor.
  • 06 Jan Stock brokerage firm of Merrill Lynch founded.
  • 09 Jan Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity Inc., the first historically black intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity to be officially recognized at Howard University is founded.
  • 10 Jan Oscar Mathisen skates world record 500 minutes in 43.7 seconds in Oslo.
  • 13 Jan IWW-leader/songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia.
  • 14 Jan Henry Ford introduces assembly line, for T-Fords.
  • 16 Jan Writer Maksim Gorki returns to Russia.
  • 24 Jan Opera Madeleine, premieres in New York City
  • 26 Jan 600 Dutch textile workers go on strike.
  • 28 Jan 1st Millrose Games (athletics) held (NYC)
  • 01 Feb Pennsylvania State Board of [motion picture] Censors appointed.
  • 02 Feb Charles Chaplin makes his film début in the comedy short ''Making a Living''.
  • 04 Feb US Congress approves Burnett-anti-immigration law.
  • 07 Feb Steel work completed on Exposition (Civic) Auditorium, San Francisco.
  • 08 Feb General Zamon becomes President of Haiti.
  • 10 Feb Release of the film ''Hearts Adrift'' the name of Mary Pickford, the star, is displayed above the title on movie marquees.
  • 11 Feb Clarence Mackay, president of the Postal Telegraph Cable Company, and his wife Katherine are granted a divorce in Paris, France.
  • 12 Feb In Washington, D.C., the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.
  • 13 Feb American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers-ASCAP forms in New York City, New York.
  • 14 Feb High Council of Labor forms in Hague Netherlands.
  • 21 Feb White Wolf troops attack Zhanjiang China.
  • 26 Feb New York Museum of Science and Industry incorporated.
  • 28 Feb Construction begins on Tower of Jewels for the Exposition (San Francisco).
  • 01 Mar Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum.
  • 07 Mar Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania to begin his reign.
  • 09 Mar Henry Colijn appointed as Director of Bataafsche Petroleum Company
  • 10 Mar Suffragette Mary Richardson damages Velázquez' painting ''Rokeby Venus'' in London's National Gallery with a meat chopper.
  • 14 Mar Serbia and Turkey sign peace treaty.
  • 18 Mar White Wolf gang beats government army in Jingdezhen China.
  • 19 Mar Stanley Cup: Toronto Blueshirts (NHA) sweep Victoria Capitals (PCHA) in three game.
  • 20 Mar 1st international figure-skating tournament held in US, New Haven
  • 21 Mar US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Theresa Weld.
  • 25 Mar The Greek multisport club Aris Thessaloniki is founded.
  • 27 Mar Belgian surgeon Albert Hustin makes the first successful non-direct blood transfusion, using anticoagulants.
  • 29 Mar Katherine Routledge and her husband arrive in Easter Island to make the first true study of it (they depart August 1915)
  • 01 Apr UVS Soccer team forms in Lead
  • 04 Apr Perils of Pauline shown for 1st time in LA
  • 06 Apr The American Radio Relay League (ARRL) is begun in Hartford, CT by Hiram Maxim and Clarence Tuska.
  • 08 Apr US and Colombia sign a treaty concerning the Panam� Canal Zone.
  • 09 Apr World, the Flesh & the Devil, 1st color film, shown in London
  • 14 Apr Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern.
  • 20 Apr 18th Boston Marathon won by James Duffy of Canada in 2:25:01.2.
  • 21 Apr US marines occupy Vera Cruz MTxico, stay six months.
  • 27 Apr Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 28 Apr W H Carrier patents air conditioner.
  • 06 May British House of Lords rejects women suffrage.
  • 08 May US Congress approves a resolution designating the second Sunday in May as Mother's Day.
  • 09 May 40th Kentucky Derby: John McCabe aboard Old Rosebud wins in 2:03.4.
  • 14 May Woodrow Wilson signs a Mother's Day proclamation.
  • 15 May Henri Rabauds opera "Marouf, Savetier de Caire" premieres in Paris France.
  • 16 May Ewing Field, near Masonic Street, opens.
  • 17 May The Protocol of Corfu is signed recognising full autonomy to Northern Epirus under nominal Albanian sovereignty.
  • 21 May 39th Preakness: Andy Schuttinger aboard Holiday wins in 1:53.8.
  • 24 May PFC Levski Sofia is founded at 1st men's school in Sofia (today 22nd gymnasium)
  • 25 May British House of Commons passes Irish Home Rule.
  • 29 May Ocean liner RMS Empress of Ireland sinks in the Gulf of St. Lawrence with the loss of 1,024 lives.
  • 30 May The new and then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sets sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
  • 31 May Chicago White Sox Joe Benz no-hits Cleveland Indians, 6-1.
  • 01 Jun Woodrow Wilson's envoy Edward Mandell House meets with Kaiser Wilhelm II.
  • 02 Jun Glenn Curtiss flies his Langley Aerodrome.
  • 09 Jun Honus Wagner becomes the first baseball player to get 3,000 hits.
  • 13 Jun 28th US Womens Tennis: Mary K Browne beats Marie Wagner (62 16 61)
  • 18 Jun Mexican Revolution: The ''Constitutionals'' take San Luis Potosí Venustiano Carranza demands Victoriano Huerta's surrender.
  • 19 Jun 54th British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 306 at Prestwick Club
  • 20 Jun 46th Belmont: Merritt Buxton aboard Luke McLuke wins in 2:20
  • 23 Jun Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa takes Zacatecas from Victoriano Huerta.
  • 24 Jun King Peter I of Serbia names son Alexander the Prince-regent
  • 27 Jun Jack Johnson beats Frank Moran in 20 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 28 Jun Austria invades Siberia (WWI)
  • 29 Jun Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia.
  • 30 Jun Among those addressing the Parliament of the United Kingdom on the murdered Archduke are Lords Crewe and Lansdowne in the House of Lords and Messrs Asquith and Law in the Commons.
  • 02 Jul The German Kaiser announces that he will not attend the Archduke's funeral.
  • 04 Jul The Archduke's funeral takes place at Artstetten (50 miles west of Vienna), Austria-Hungary.
  • 05 Jul Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
  • 06 Jul The German Kaiser leaves Kiel for a cruise in northern German waters.
  • 07 Jul Austria-Hungary convenes a Council of Ministers, including Ministers for Foreign Affairs and War, the Chief of the General Staff and Naval Commander-in-Chief the Council lasts from 11.30 a.m. to 6.15 p.m.
  • 10 Jul Boston Red Sox purchase Babe Ruth from the Baltimore Orioles.
  • 11 Jul Babe Ruth debuts as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox, he beats Cleveland 4-3
  • 12 Jul Babe Ruth makes his baseball debut, pitches for the Boston Red Sox.
  • 13 Jul Reports surface of a projected Serbian attack upon the Austro-Hungarian Legation at Belgrade.
  • 14 Jul The Government of Ireland Amending Bill is passed by the House of Lords.
  • 15 Jul Mexican President Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe
  • 16 Jul Socialist conference in Brussel (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)
  • 17 Jul Giants outfielder Red Murray is knocked unconscious by lightning after catching a flyball, ending 21 inning game, Giants win 3-1
  • 18 Jul US army air service first comes into being, in the Signal Corps.
  • 19 Jul Boston Braves begin drive from last to 1st place in NL
  • 20 Jul Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster
  • 23 Jul Austria-Hungary issues an ultimatum to Serbia demanding Serbia to allow the Austrians to determine who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Serbia will reject those demands and Austria will declare war on July 28.
  • 25 Jul Germany soc-democrat No German blood for Austrian tyrant
  • 26 Jul Austrian-Hungary condemns Serbian ultimatum
  • 27 Jul Roda JC soccer team forms in Kerkrade
  • 28 Jul Minister of Navy W Churchill routes British fleet to Scapa Flow
  • 29 Jul Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
  • 30 Jul Austrian-Hungary and Russia proclaim general mobilization
  • 31 Jul German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize
  • 01 Aug British fleet reaches Scapa Flow
  • 02 Aug Belgian government receives German ultimatum
  • 03 Aug 1st seaworthy ship through Panama Canal
  • 04 Aug German army shoots Belgian priests / burns down village of Battice
  • 05 Aug 1st traffic light installed (Euclid Ave & E 105th St, Cleveland)
  • 06 Aug Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia and Serbia
  • 07 Aug British Gloucester vs. German Breslau / Goeben off Greece
  • 08 Aug 3rd pole expedition Ernest Shackleton Endurance
  • 09 Aug German submarine U-15 sinks British cruiser
  • 10 Aug At Luik, German 12 / 16.5 guns reach Belgian boundary
  • 11 Aug France declares war on Austria-Hungary
  • 12 Aug Cavalery battle at Halen, Belgium (Battle der Zilveren Helmen)
  • 13 Aug Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota
  • 14 Aug British field marshal John French and General Wilson land in France
  • 15 Aug 13th Davis Cup: Australasia beats USA in New York (3-2)
  • 16 Aug German army occupies last fort at Luik, Belgian general Leman caught
  • 17 Aug Lithuiana surrenders to Germans
  • 18 Aug French troops under general Dubail occupy Sarrebourg
  • 19 Aug German army executed 150 Belgians by firing squad
  • 20 Aug Battle at Morhange: German troops chase French, killing 1000s
  • 21 Aug 20th US Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 290 at Midlothian Country Club - Illinois
  • 22 Aug Battle in Ardennen: Neufchateau, Rossignal, Tintigny and Virton
  • 23 Aug Gen von Hausen executes 612 inhabitants of Dinant Belgium
  • 24 Aug Battle at Bergen: Germans defeat Belgian / British troops
  • 25 Aug Belgium: German army begins 6 week plundering of Leuven Belgium
  • 26 Aug World War I: the British Expeditionary Force fights a rear-guard action at the Battle of Le Cateau that briefly checks the German advance.
  • 27 Aug 2nd day of battle at Tannenberg: German bombs Usdau
  • 28 Aug 3rd day of battle at Tannenberg: violent German / Russian battles
  • 29 Aug 4th day of Tannenberg: Russian Narev-army panics, General Martos caught
  • 30 Aug 1st German plane bombs above Paris, 2 killed
  • 31 Aug 24.8 cm rainfall at Bloomingdale, Michigan (state record)
  • 01 Sep 34th US Mens Tennis: R Norris W III beats M E McLoughlin (63 86 10-8)
  • 02 Sep Moronvilliers is occupied by the Germans.
  • 03 Sep British expeditionary army / general Lanrezacs army attacks the Marne
  • 04 Sep British, French and Russian government sign Pact of London, against Germany
  • 05 Sep Battle of Marne (WWI) begins: Germans chase out Russians
  • 06 Sep Battle of the Marne; Germans prevented from occupying Paris.
  • 07 Sep New York Post Office Building opens to public
  • 08 Sep British trader Oceanic sinks off Scotland
  • 09 Sep Battle of Marne (German advance stalls, Paris saved)
  • 11 Sep T Handy publishes St. Louis Blues
  • 12 Sep Yankee shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh, 23, becomes youngest manager
  • 13 Sep World War I: South African troops open hostilities in German south-west Africa (Namibia) with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station.
  • 14 Sep German staff-chief von Moltke replaces von Falkenhayn
  • 15 Sep US Marines march out of Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • 17 Sep Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • 18 Sep Gen von Hindenburgs named commander of German armies on Eastern Front
  • 22 Sep 1 German submarine sinks 3 British ironclads, 1,459 die
  • 23 Sep Reds drop their 19th straight game, then beat Boston Braves
  • 26 Sep Germans arrest A Max, Mayor of Brussels
  • 27 Sep Cleveland 2nd baseman Nap Lajoie collects his 3,000th hit
  • 28 Sep German forces move into Antwerp Belgium (WW I).
  • 29 Sep Boston Braves, who were in last place in mid-July, clinch NL pennant
  • 30 Sep The Flying Squadron is established to promote the temperance movement.
  • 03 Oct World War I: 33,000 Canadian troops depart for Europe, the largest force to ever cross the Atlantic Ocean at the time.
  • 04 Oct Dardanellen (French and English) fleet bombs Turkish forts
  • 05 Oct World War I: first aerial combat resulting in a kill.
  • 07 Oct Joseph Patrick Kennedy Sr. marries Rose Fitzgerald in Boston.
  • 09 Oct World War I: Siege of Antwerp : Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.
  • 10 Oct German forces route Belgians in Antwerp Belgium (WW I).
  • 11 Oct German troops occupy Gent
  • 12 Oct 1st battle at Ypres, begins
  • 13 Oct Belgian regime forms at St. Adresse at Le Havre
  • 14 Oct German troops occupy Bruges.
  • 15 Oct Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends October 21)
  • 18 Oct The Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany.
  • 19 Oct US post office 1st used an automobile to collect and deliver mail
  • 21 Oct Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat
  • 27 Oct British battleship Audacious sunk by mine
  • 28 Oct German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea
  • 29 Oct Turkish warships storm Black Sea
  • 30 Oct Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium) begins
  • 31 Oct Great Britain and France declare war on Turkey
  • 01 Nov Connie Mack asks waivers on Jack Coombs, Eddie Plank and Chief Colby
  • 02 Nov Great Britain annexes Cyprus
  • 04 Nov Russia declares Turkey the war
  • 05 Nov Great Britain and France and Russia declares war on Turkey
  • 07 Nov Japan attack German concession on Chinese peninsula of Shanghai
  • 09 Nov SMS Emden sunk by HMAS Sydney in the Battle of Cocos.
  • 11 Nov 24 ampndash World War I ampndash The Battle of Basra results in British Empire forces taking Basra from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 12 Nov Turks Sultan Jamal Pasja declares a German holy war
  • 14 Nov Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks ten singles in a game.
  • 16 Nov Federal Reserve System formally opens
  • 17 Nov US declares Panama Canal Zone neutral
  • 20 Nov US State Department starts requiring photographs for passports.
  • 21 Nov British army conquerors Bazra
  • 22 Nov Ypres Belgium burned by German bombing
  • 23 Nov Mexican Revolution: The last of U.S. forces withdraw from Veracruz, occupied seven months earlier in response to the Tampico Affair.
  • 24 Nov Dutch Overseas Trustmaatschappij (NOT) forms
  • 26 Nov Battleship HMS Bulwark explodes at Sheerness Harbor England, 788 die
  • 27 Nov 1st women elected political agent (Grantham, Linconshire UK)
  • 28 Nov World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.
  • 02 Dec Austria army occupies Belgrade Serbia.
  • 04 Dec Walter Johnson accepts money from Federal League Chicago Whales Clark Griffith threatens to take Johnson to court.
  • 05 Dec The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country.
  • 08 Dec Connie Mack sells Eddie Collins to the Chicago White Sox.
  • 10 Dec French government returns to Paris.
  • 11 Dec Stockton Street Tunnel (San Francisco) completed.
  • 12 Dec The New York Stock Exchange re-opened, having been closed since 1 Aug 1914 except for bond trading.
  • 14 Dec Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressive Party (Partido Democrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires.
  • 15 Dec British fleet forfeits chance to destroy German fleet in North Sea.
  • 16 Dec World War I: German battleships under Franz von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.
  • 17 Dec Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv by Turkish authorities.
  • 18 Dec Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
  • 19 Dec The Battle of Kolubara ends, resulting in a decisive Serbian victory over Austria-Hungary.
  • 23 Dec World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt.
  • 24 Dec German plane drops bombs on Dover England.
  • 25 Dec Legendary / unofficial Christmas Truce takes place (Brits & Germans)
  • 29 Dec A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, the first novel by James Joyce, is serialised in The Egoist.
  • 31 Dec Colonel Jacob Ruppert and Captain Huston purchase New York Yankees for $460,000.