1914

Difficult to talk about 1914 without mentioning the opening of the Panama Canal and, of course, the start of World War I.

1914

The conflict was precipitated by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria by Gavrilo Princip, a 19-year-old Serbian nationalist on June 28th. Austria-Hungary’s response was to attack the Serbian capital of Belgrade, causing Russia to enter the fray, in turn leading Germany to declare war on Russia and its ally, France. The United Kingdom declared war on Germany in response to their invasion of neutral Belgium. President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed the United States’ neutrality and attempted to broker a peace between the Allies (The U.K., France and Russia) and the Central European powers of Germany and Austria-Hungary, but to no avail. The United States would enter the war on the side of the Allies in the summer of 1918, playing a key role in the Allied victory in November of that year.

The year was less grim for the arts, as on February 2nd famous English actor Charlie Chaplin made his debut in Making a Living, a comedy short. Soon after, he appeared in Kid Auto Races at Venice as his most famous character of “The Tramp”, and would star in one the year’s most popular films, Tillie’s Punctured Romance.

In sports, legendary U.S. baseball player Babe Ruth made his major league debut and Honus Wagner of the Pittsburgh Pirates became the first player of the 20th century to reach 3000 career hits. In science and technology, British archaeologist Katherine Routledge began the first survey of the mysterious Easter Island, and the St. Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line in Florida launched the first regular passenger flight.

Notable births in 1904 include American author William S. Burroughs, English actor Alec Guinness of Star Wars fame, and Soviet politician Yuri Andropov.

Discover how the world looked like in 1914

Looking for 1914 Calendar ? Here it is: January 1914, February 1914, March 1914, April 1914, May 1914, June 1914, July 1914, August 1914, September 1914, October 1914, November 1914, December 1914

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1914


Physics

  • Max von Laue

Chemistry

  • Theodore William Richards

Physiology or Medicine

  • Robert Bárány
vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1914?


Top #1 songs in the USA

  • - Love's Melody
  • - Good-Bye
  • - Somewhere a Voice is Calling
  • - A Little Love, A Little Kiss

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

Judith of Bethulia

Judith of Bethulia

Directed by: D.W. Griffith

Starring: Blanche Sweet, Henry B. Walthall, Mae Marsh, Robert Harron

Country: United States of America

Cabiria

Cabiria

Directed by: Giovanni Pastrone

Starring: Italia Almirante-Manzini, Lidia Quaranta, Bartolomeo Pagano, Carolina Catena

Country: United States of America

Rip Van Winkle

Rip Van Winkle

Directed by: Will Vinton

The Patchwork Girl of Oz

The Patchwork Girl of Oz

Directed by: J. Farrell MacDonald

Starring: Violet MacMillan, Frank Moore, Raymond Russell, Leontine Dranet

Country: United States of America

Napoleon

Napoleon

Directed by: Sasha Guitry

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1914 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1914?


Events

  • 01 Jan 1914 1st scheduled airline flight, St. Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot)
  • 02 Jan 1914 Philips installs research department in Eindhoven.
  • 05 Jan 1914 The Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and a minimum wage of $5 for a day's labor.
  • 06 Jan 1914 Stock brokerage firm of Merrill Lynch founded.
  • 09 Jan 1914 Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity Inc., the first historically black intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternity to be officially recognized at Howard University is founded.
  • 10 Jan 1914 Oscar Mathisen skates world record 500 minutes in 43.7 seconds in Oslo.
  • 13 Jan 1914 IWW-leader/songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia.
  • 14 Jan 1914 Henry Ford introduces assembly line, for T-Fords.
  • 16 Jan 1914 Writer Maksim Gorki returns to Russia.
  • 24 Jan 1914 Opera Madeleine, premieres in New York City
  • 26 Jan 1914 600 Dutch textile workers go on strike.
  • 28 Jan 1914 1st Millrose Games (athletics) held (NYC)
  • 01 Feb 1914 Pennsylvania State Board of [motion picture] Censors appointed.
  • 02 Feb 1914 Charles Chaplin makes his film début in the comedy short ''Making a Living''.
  • 04 Feb 1914 US Congress approves Burnett-anti-immigration law.
  • 07 Feb 1914 Steel work completed on Exposition (Civic) Auditorium, San Francisco.
  • 08 Feb 1914 General Zamon becomes President of Haiti.
  • 10 Feb 1914 Release of the film ''Hearts Adrift'' the name of Mary Pickford, the star, is displayed above the title on movie marquees.
  • 11 Feb 1914 Clarence Mackay, president of the Postal Telegraph Cable Company, and his wife Katherine are granted a divorce in Paris, France.
  • 12 Feb 1914 In Washington, D.C., the first stone of the Lincoln Memorial is put into place.
  • 13 Feb 1914 American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers-ASCAP forms in New York City, New York.
  • 14 Feb 1914 High Council of Labor forms in Hague Netherlands.
  • 21 Feb 1914 White Wolf troops attack Zhanjiang China.
  • 26 Feb 1914 New York Museum of Science and Industry incorporated.
  • 28 Feb 1914 Construction begins on Tower of Jewels for the Exposition (San Francisco).
  • 01 Mar 1914 Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum.
  • 07 Mar 1914 Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania to begin his reign.
  • 09 Mar 1914 Henry Colijn appointed as Director of Bataafsche Petroleum Company
  • 10 Mar 1914 Suffragette Mary Richardson damages Velázquez' painting ''Rokeby Venus'' in London's National Gallery with a meat chopper.
  • 14 Mar 1914 Serbia and Turkey sign peace treaty.
  • 18 Mar 1914 White Wolf gang beats government army in Jingdezhen China.
  • 19 Mar 1914 Stanley Cup: Toronto Blueshirts (NHA) sweep Victoria Capitals (PCHA) in three game.
  • 20 Mar 1914 1st international figure-skating tournament held in US, New Haven
  • 21 Mar 1914 US Ladies Figure Skating Championship won by Theresa Weld.
  • 25 Mar 1914 The Greek multisport club Aris Thessaloniki is founded.
  • 27 Mar 1914 Belgian surgeon Albert Hustin makes the first successful non-direct blood transfusion, using anticoagulants.
  • 29 Mar 1914 Katherine Routledge and her husband arrive in Easter Island to make the first true study of it (they depart August 1915)
  • 01 Apr 1914 UVS Soccer team forms in Lead
  • 04 Apr 1914 Perils of Pauline shown for 1st time in LA
  • 06 Apr 1914 The American Radio Relay League (ARRL) is begun in Hartford, CT by Hiram Maxim and Clarence Tuska.
  • 08 Apr 1914 US and Colombia sign a treaty concerning the Panam� Canal Zone.
  • 09 Apr 1914 World, the Flesh & the Devil, 1st color film, shown in London
  • 14 Apr 1914 Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern.
  • 20 Apr 1914 18th Boston Marathon won by James Duffy of Canada in 2:25:01.2.
  • 21 Apr 1914 US marines occupy Vera Cruz MTxico, stay six months.
  • 27 Apr 1914 Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 28 Apr 1914 W H Carrier patents air conditioner.
  • 06 May 1914 British House of Lords rejects women suffrage.
  • 08 May 1914 US Congress approves a resolution designating the second Sunday in May as Mother's Day.
  • 09 May 1914 40th Kentucky Derby: John McCabe aboard Old Rosebud wins in 2:03.4.
  • 14 May 1914 Woodrow Wilson signs a Mother's Day proclamation.
  • 15 May 1914 Henri Rabauds opera "Marouf, Savetier de Caire" premieres in Paris France.
  • 16 May 1914 Ewing Field, near Masonic Street, opens.
  • 17 May 1914 The Protocol of Corfu is signed recognising full autonomy to Northern Epirus under nominal Albanian sovereignty.
  • 21 May 1914 39th Preakness: Andy Schuttinger aboard Holiday wins in 1:53.8.
  • 24 May 1914 PFC Levski Sofia is founded at 1st men's school in Sofia (today 22nd gymnasium)
  • 25 May 1914 British House of Commons passes Irish Home Rule.
  • 29 May 1914 Ocean liner RMS Empress of Ireland sinks in the Gulf of St. Lawrence with the loss of 1,024 lives.
  • 30 May 1914 The new and then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sets sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
  • 31 May 1914 Chicago White Sox Joe Benz no-hits Cleveland Indians, 6-1.
  • 01 Jun 1914 Woodrow Wilson's envoy Edward Mandell House meets with Kaiser Wilhelm II.
  • 02 Jun 1914 Glenn Curtiss flies his Langley Aerodrome.
  • 09 Jun 1914 Honus Wagner becomes the first baseball player to get 3,000 hits.
  • 13 Jun 1914 28th US Womens Tennis: Mary K Browne beats Marie Wagner (62 16 61)
  • 18 Jun 1914 Mexican Revolution: The ''Constitutionals'' take San Luis Potosí Venustiano Carranza demands Victoriano Huerta's surrender.
  • 19 Jun 1914 54th British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 306 at Prestwick Club
  • 20 Jun 1914 46th Belmont: Merritt Buxton aboard Luke McLuke wins in 2:20
  • 23 Jun 1914 Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa takes Zacatecas from Victoriano Huerta.
  • 24 Jun 1914 King Peter I of Serbia names son Alexander the Prince-regent
  • 27 Jun 1914 Jack Johnson beats Frank Moran in 20 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 28 Jun 1914 Austria invades Siberia (WWI)
  • 29 Jun 1914 Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia.
  • 30 Jun 1914 Among those addressing the Parliament of the United Kingdom on the murdered Archduke are Lords Crewe and Lansdowne in the House of Lords and Messrs Asquith and Law in the Commons.
  • 02 Jul 1914 The German Kaiser announces that he will not attend the Archduke's funeral.
  • 04 Jul 1914 The Archduke's funeral takes place at Artstetten (50 miles west of Vienna), Austria-Hungary.
  • 05 Jul 1914 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia
  • 06 Jul 1914 The German Kaiser leaves Kiel for a cruise in northern German waters.
  • 07 Jul 1914 Austria-Hungary convenes a Council of Ministers, including Ministers for Foreign Affairs and War, the Chief of the General Staff and Naval Commander-in-Chief the Council lasts from 11.30 a.m. to 6.15 p.m.
  • 10 Jul 1914 Boston Red Sox purchase Babe Ruth from the Baltimore Orioles.
  • 11 Jul 1914 Babe Ruth debuts as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox, he beats Cleveland 4-3
  • 12 Jul 1914 Babe Ruth makes his baseball debut, pitches for the Boston Red Sox.
  • 13 Jul 1914 Reports surface of a projected Serbian attack upon the Austro-Hungarian Legation at Belgrade.
  • 14 Jul 1914 The Government of Ireland Amending Bill is passed by the House of Lords.
  • 15 Jul 1914 Mexican President Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe
  • 16 Jul 1914 Socialist conference in Brussel (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)
  • 17 Jul 1914 Giants outfielder Red Murray is knocked unconscious by lightning after catching a flyball, ending 21 inning game, Giants win 3-1
  • 18 Jul 1914 US army air service first comes into being, in the Signal Corps.
  • 19 Jul 1914 Boston Braves begin drive from last to 1st place in NL
  • 20 Jul 1914 Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster
  • 23 Jul 1914 Austria-Hungary issues an ultimatum to Serbia demanding Serbia to allow the Austrians to determine who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Serbia will reject those demands and Austria will declare war on July 28.
  • 25 Jul 1914 Germany soc-democrat No German blood for Austrian tyrant
  • 26 Jul 1914 Austrian-Hungary condemns Serbian ultimatum
  • 27 Jul 1914 Roda JC soccer team forms in Kerkrade
  • 28 Jul 1914 Minister of Navy W Churchill routes British fleet to Scapa Flow
  • 29 Jul 1914 Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
  • 30 Jul 1914 Austrian-Hungary and Russia proclaim general mobilization
  • 31 Jul 1914 German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize
  • 01 Aug 1914 British fleet reaches Scapa Flow
  • 02 Aug 1914 Belgian government receives German ultimatum
  • 03 Aug 1914 1st seaworthy ship through Panama Canal
  • 04 Aug 1914 German army shoots Belgian priests / burns down village of Battice
  • 05 Aug 1914 1st traffic light installed (Euclid Ave & E 105th St, Cleveland)
  • 06 Aug 1914 Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia and Serbia
  • 07 Aug 1914 British Gloucester vs. German Breslau / Goeben off Greece
  • 08 Aug 1914 3rd pole expedition Ernest Shackleton Endurance
  • 09 Aug 1914 German submarine U-15 sinks British cruiser
  • 10 Aug 1914 At Luik, German 12 / 16.5 guns reach Belgian boundary
  • 11 Aug 1914 France declares war on Austria-Hungary
  • 12 Aug 1914 Cavalery battle at Halen, Belgium (Battle der Zilveren Helmen)
  • 13 Aug 1914 Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota
  • 14 Aug 1914 British field marshal John French and General Wilson land in France
  • 15 Aug 1914 13th Davis Cup: Australasia beats USA in New York (3-2)
  • 16 Aug 1914 German army occupies last fort at Luik, Belgian general Leman caught
  • 17 Aug 1914 Lithuiana surrenders to Germans
  • 18 Aug 1914 French troops under general Dubail occupy Sarrebourg
  • 19 Aug 1914 German army executed 150 Belgians by firing squad
  • 20 Aug 1914 Battle at Morhange: German troops chase French, killing 1000s
  • 21 Aug 1914 20th US Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 290 at Midlothian Country Club - Illinois
  • 22 Aug 1914 Battle in Ardennen: Neufchateau, Rossignal, Tintigny and Virton
  • 23 Aug 1914 Gen von Hausen executes 612 inhabitants of Dinant Belgium
  • 24 Aug 1914 Battle at Bergen: Germans defeat Belgian / British troops
  • 25 Aug 1914 Belgium: German army begins 6 week plundering of Leuven Belgium
  • 26 Aug 1914 World War I: the British Expeditionary Force fights a rear-guard action at the Battle of Le Cateau that briefly checks the German advance.
  • 27 Aug 1914 2nd day of battle at Tannenberg: German bombs Usdau
  • 28 Aug 1914 3rd day of battle at Tannenberg: violent German / Russian battles
  • 29 Aug 1914 4th day of Tannenberg: Russian Narev-army panics, General Martos caught
  • 30 Aug 1914 1st German plane bombs above Paris, 2 killed
  • 31 Aug 1914 24.8 cm rainfall at Bloomingdale, Michigan (state record)
  • 01 Sep 1914 34th US Mens Tennis: R Norris W III beats M E McLoughlin (63 86 10-8)
  • 02 Sep 1914 Moronvilliers is occupied by the Germans.
  • 03 Sep 1914 British expeditionary army / general Lanrezacs army attacks the Marne
  • 04 Sep 1914 British, French and Russian government sign Pact of London, against Germany
  • 05 Sep 1914 Battle of Marne (WWI) begins: Germans chase out Russians
  • 06 Sep 1914 Battle of the Marne; Germans prevented from occupying Paris.
  • 07 Sep 1914 New York Post Office Building opens to public
  • 08 Sep 1914 British trader Oceanic sinks off Scotland
  • 09 Sep 1914 Battle of Marne (German advance stalls, Paris saved)
  • 11 Sep 1914 T Handy publishes St. Louis Blues
  • 12 Sep 1914 Yankee shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh, 23, becomes youngest manager
  • 13 Sep 1914 World War I: South African troops open hostilities in German south-west Africa (Namibia) with an assault on the Ramansdrift police station.
  • 14 Sep 1914 German staff-chief von Moltke replaces von Falkenhayn
  • 15 Sep 1914 US Marines march out of Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • 17 Sep 1914 Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • 18 Sep 1914 Gen von Hindenburgs named commander of German armies on Eastern Front
  • 22 Sep 1914 1 German submarine sinks 3 British ironclads, 1,459 die
  • 23 Sep 1914 Reds drop their 19th straight game, then beat Boston Braves
  • 26 Sep 1914 Germans arrest A Max, Mayor of Brussels
  • 27 Sep 1914 Cleveland 2nd baseman Nap Lajoie collects his 3,000th hit
  • 28 Sep 1914 German forces move into Antwerp Belgium (WW I).
  • 29 Sep 1914 Boston Braves, who were in last place in mid-July, clinch NL pennant
  • 30 Sep 1914 The Flying Squadron is established to promote the temperance movement.
  • 03 Oct 1914 World War I: 33,000 Canadian troops depart for Europe, the largest force to ever cross the Atlantic Ocean at the time.
  • 04 Oct 1914 Dardanellen (French and English) fleet bombs Turkish forts
  • 05 Oct 1914 World War I: first aerial combat resulting in a kill.
  • 07 Oct 1914 Joseph Patrick Kennedy Sr. marries Rose Fitzgerald in Boston.
  • 09 Oct 1914 World War I: Siege of Antwerp : Antwerp, Belgium falls to German troops.
  • 10 Oct 1914 German forces route Belgians in Antwerp Belgium (WW I).
  • 11 Oct 1914 German troops occupy Gent
  • 12 Oct 1914 1st battle at Ypres, begins
  • 13 Oct 1914 Belgian regime forms at St. Adresse at Le Havre
  • 14 Oct 1914 German troops occupy Bruges.
  • 15 Oct 1914 Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends October 21)
  • 18 Oct 1914 The Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany.
  • 19 Oct 1914 US post office 1st used an automobile to collect and deliver mail
  • 21 Oct 1914 Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat
  • 27 Oct 1914 British battleship Audacious sunk by mine
  • 28 Oct 1914 German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea
  • 29 Oct 1914 Turkish warships storm Black Sea
  • 30 Oct 1914 Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium) begins
  • 31 Oct 1914 Great Britain and France declare war on Turkey
  • 01 Nov 1914 Connie Mack asks waivers on Jack Coombs, Eddie Plank and Chief Colby
  • 02 Nov 1914 Great Britain annexes Cyprus
  • 04 Nov 1914 Russia declares Turkey the war
  • 05 Nov 1914 Great Britain and France and Russia declares war on Turkey
  • 07 Nov 1914 Japan attack German concession on Chinese peninsula of Shanghai
  • 09 Nov 1914 SMS Emden sunk by HMAS Sydney in the Battle of Cocos.
  • 11 Nov 1914 24 ampndash World War I ampndash The Battle of Basra results in British Empire forces taking Basra from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 12 Nov 1914 Turks Sultan Jamal Pasja declares a German holy war
  • 14 Nov 1914 Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks ten singles in a game.
  • 16 Nov 1914 Federal Reserve System formally opens
  • 17 Nov 1914 US declares Panama Canal Zone neutral
  • 20 Nov 1914 US State Department starts requiring photographs for passports.
  • 21 Nov 1914 British army conquerors Bazra
  • 22 Nov 1914 Ypres Belgium burned by German bombing
  • 23 Nov 1914 Mexican Revolution: The last of U.S. forces withdraw from Veracruz, occupied seven months earlier in response to the Tampico Affair.
  • 24 Nov 1914 Dutch Overseas Trustmaatschappij (NOT) forms
  • 26 Nov 1914 Battleship HMS Bulwark explodes at Sheerness Harbor England, 788 die
  • 27 Nov 1914 1st women elected political agent (Grantham, Linconshire UK)
  • 28 Nov 1914 World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading.
  • 02 Dec 1914 Austria army occupies Belgrade Serbia.
  • 04 Dec 1914 Walter Johnson accepts money from Federal League Chicago Whales Clark Griffith threatens to take Johnson to court.
  • 05 Dec 1914 The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country.
  • 08 Dec 1914 Connie Mack sells Eddie Collins to the Chicago White Sox.
  • 10 Dec 1914 French government returns to Paris.
  • 11 Dec 1914 Stockton Street Tunnel (San Francisco) completed.
  • 12 Dec 1914 The New York Stock Exchange re-opened, having been closed since 1 Aug 1914 except for bond trading.
  • 14 Dec 1914 Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressive Party (Partido Democrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires.
  • 15 Dec 1914 British fleet forfeits chance to destroy German fleet in North Sea.
  • 16 Dec 1914 World War I: German battleships under Franz von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.
  • 17 Dec 1914 Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv by Turkish authorities.
  • 18 Dec 1914 Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
  • 19 Dec 1914 The Battle of Kolubara ends, resulting in a decisive Serbian victory over Austria-Hungary.
  • 23 Dec 1914 World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt.
  • 24 Dec 1914 German plane drops bombs on Dover England.
  • 25 Dec 1914 Legendary / unofficial Christmas Truce takes place (Brits & Germans)
  • 29 Dec 1914 A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, the first novel by James Joyce, is serialised in The Egoist.
  • 31 Dec 1914 Colonel Jacob Ruppert and Captain Huston purchase New York Yankees for $460,000.