1988 was a year of many important shifts in global affairs, especially in the Middle East. This was the year that the Soviet Union agreed to withdraw troops from Afghanistan under the Geneva Accords. After years of bitter fighting, the quagmire that the Soviets found themselves in became too costly and they eventually withdrew from Afghan territory, reminding the world once again that Afghanistan is the Graveyard of Empires.
In a related development, this is also the year that the international terrorist group, Al Qaeda, was formed by Osama bin Laden and other veterans of the Soviet-Afghan War.
At the same time that the Soviet-Afghan conflict was drawing to a close, another war was coming to an end. In August of 1988, the brutal Iran-Iraq War came to an end after eight years of fighting. While it is difficult to say with any certainty how many people died in the war, the figure is likely well into the hundreds of thousands. The political result was a stalemate, and would set the stage for future conflict in the region as both of the rival countries vied for superior geopolitical positioning.
The Cold War was, at this point, beginning to come to a close, and some Soviet leaders saw the need for a change in economic policy. Dubbed “perestroika” or “restructuring,” the idea was to begin the restructuring process of the political and economic system of the Soviet Union. Led by Mikhail Gorbachev, these liberalizing reforms were meant to provide some semblance of a market economy that could allow for greater productivity in the Soviet economy, thereby increasing the standard of living for the average Soviet consumer. As the reforms went on, however, it seemed that people saw this as the beginning of the end of the old command economy. Indeed, it is possible that this restructuring helped bring down the Soviet system.
Discover how USA looked like in 1988
Have a look at the old newspapers from 1988 and get them!
Which were the most popular movies released this year ?
Directed by: Barry Levinson
Starring: Dustin Hoffman, Tom Cruise, Valeria Golino, Gerald R. Molen
Country: United States
Directed by: Stephen Frears
Starring: Glenn Close, John Malkovich, Michelle Pfeiffer, Swoosie Kurtz
Directed by: David Zucker
Starring: Leslie Nielsen, Priscilla Presley, O.J. Simpson, Ricardo Montalban
Directed by: Alan Parker
Starring: Gene Hackman, Willem Dafoe, Frances McDormand, Brad Dourif
Which were the top hits of 1988 ?
Which were the most popular books released in 1988 ?
By: Tom Wolfe
Vintage Tom Wolfe, The Bonfire of the Vanities, the #1 bestseller that will forever define late-twentieth-century New York style. "No one has portrayed New York Society this accurately and devastatingly since Edith Wharton" (The National Review)“A page-turner .
By: Rosamunde Pilcher
"A huge warm saga . . . A deeply satisfying story written with love and confidence." --Maeve Binchy in The New York Times Book ReviewFor the first time ever in trade
By: Tom Peters
The national bestseller that offers prescriptions for an economic world turned upside down. A New York Times bestseller for eleven months.
By: Stephen W. Hawking
Stephen Hawking has earned a reputation as the most brilliant theoretical physicist since Einstein. In this landmark volume, Professor Hawking shares his blazing intellect with nonscientists everywhere, guiding us expertly to
Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1988 in the USA ?
Click on the dates below to find out what the world looked like in each day of 1988