1915

Headlines of 1915 were dominated by news revolving around what was called the Great War, or World War 1. The “War to End All Wars” had entered its second year, and was to go on until 1918.

1915

Major events surrounding the war included, first of all, Italy’s shift away from the Triple Alliance (later called the Central Powers) with Germany and Austria-Hungary. When fighting began, Italy instead joined the Triple Entente of Russia, France, and the United Kingdom (later called the Allies). Italy formally joined the Allied Powers under the Treaty of London. Another shift in the Great War included the beginning of the end of American neutrality. In May of 1915, a German U-boat sank the RMS Lusitania, a British passenger ship, as she sailed from New York City to Liverpool, England. Although the vessel was carrying munitions bound for Britain, and there had been notices posted for passengers before departure regarding the dangers of U-boats, over 1,000 passengers died in the attack. This figure included over 100 Americans. This provoked a strong reaction in the United States, and began turning the public, and the Wilson administration, away from neutrality and against Germany. Even so, the United States would not enter the war against the Central Powers until 1917.

In addition to these major shifts in the global political landscape, there were other notable events in 1915. In the field of science, the dwarf planet, Pluto, was photographedfor the first time. At this time, it was still not classified as a planet and had yet to be “demoted” to the status of dwarf planet some years later.

Even in a time of war, everyday life continued (at least in the United States, still a neutral power in 1915). It was this year that the legendary American baseball player, George Herman Ruth, Jr. (better known as “Babe Ruth”) hit his first career home run for the Boston Red Sox and thus began a slugging career that lasted 22 seasons. It was this year, too, that actor and director Orson Welles and singer Frank Sinatra were born.

Discover how the world looked like in 1915

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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Regeneration

Regeneration

Directed by: Raoul Walsh

Starring: Rockliffe Fellowes, Anna Q. Nilsson, William Sheer, John McCann

Country: United States of America

Old Heidelberg

Old Heidelberg

Directed by: John Emerson

Starring: Wallace Reid, Dorothy Gish, Karl Formes, Erich von Stroheim

Les vampires

Les vampires

Directed by: Louis Feuillade

Starring: Musidora, Édouard Mathé, Marcel Lévesque, Jean Aymé

Country: United States of America

The Birth of a Nation

The Birth of a Nation

Directed by: D.W. Griffith

Starring: Lillian Gish, Mae Marsh, Henry B. Walthall, Miriam Cooper

Country: United States of America

The Cheat

The Cheat

Directed by: Cecil B. DeMille

Starring: Fannie Ward, Sessue Hayakawa, Jack Dean, James Neill

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1915 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1915?


Events

  • 01 Jan Jews of Laibach Austria expelled.
  • 04 Jan Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops.
  • 09 Jan Exposition (now Civic) Auditorium dedicated, San Francisco.
  • 11 Jan Colonel Jacob Ruppert and Colonel Tillinghast Huston purchase New York Yankees for $460,000.
  • 12 Jan The Rocky Mountain National Park is formed by an act of U.S. Congress.
  • 13 Jan W Churchill presents plan for assault on Dardanelles.
  • 15 Jan Japan claims economic control of China.
  • 17 Jan Russia occupies Bukovina and Western Ukraine.
  • 18 Jan Train crashes at Colima-Guadalajara Mexico, about 600 die.
  • 19 Jan 1st German Zeppelin attack over Great Britain, 4 die
  • 21 Jan Kiwanis International is founded in Detroit, Michigan.
  • 22 Jan Over 600 people are killed in Guadalajara, Mexico, when a train plunges off the tracks into a deep canyon.
  • 24 Jan German-British sea battle at Doggersbank and Helgoland.
  • 25 Jan Alexander Graham Bell inaugurates U.S. transcontinental telephone service, speaking from New York to Thomas Watson in San Francisco.
  • 26 Jan Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado established.
  • 27 Jan Military casualties begin arriving at the Hôpital Temporaire d'Arc-en-Barrois, established earlier in the month.
  • 28 Jan US Coast Guard created from Life Saving and Revenue Cutter services.
  • 30 Jan German submarine attack on Le Havre.
  • 31 Jan WWI: Germany's first large-scale use of poison gas as a weapon occurs when 18,000 artillery shells containing liquid xylyl bromide tear gas are fired on the Imperial Russian Army on the Rawka River west of Warsaw during the Battle of Bolimov however, freezing temperatures prevent it being effective.
  • 03 Feb Turkish and German army reach Suez Canal.
  • 04 Feb Experiments to find cause of pellagra begin at Mississippi Penitentiary.
  • 08 Feb D.W. Griffith's controversial film The Birth of a Nation premieres in Los Angeles.
  • 12 Feb The cornerstone is laid for the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C.
  • 17 Feb Edward Stone, first US combatant to die in WWI, is mortally wounded.
  • 18 Feb Germany begins a blockade of England.
  • 19 Feb British fleet fire on Dardanellen coast.
  • 20 Feb (to December 4) The Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in San Francisco. The event is held to celebrate the completion of the Panama Canal, and the 400th anniversary of Vasco Nunez de Balboa's discovery of the Pacific Ocean.
  • 21 Feb 20th Russian Army corps surrenders.
  • 22 Feb World War I: Germany institutes unrestricted submarine warfare.
  • 23 Feb Germany sinks US ships Carib and Evelyn and torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin.
  • 26 Feb Malancourt, Argonnen - first (German) flame-thrower.
  • 02 Mar British Vice Admiral Carden begins bombing of Dardanelles forts.
  • 03 Mar National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NASA forerunner) created.
  • 06 Mar Greek King Constantine I fires premier Venizelos.
  • 10 Mar British expedition Army in Belgium captures Neuve Chapelle.
  • 14 Mar German cruiser Dresden blows itself up near coast of Chile.
  • 15 Mar Netherlands merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed and sinks in North Sea.
  • 16 Mar British battle cruisers Inflexible and Irresistible hit mines in Dardanelle.
  • 18 Mar French battleship Bouvet explodes, 640 killed.
  • 19 Mar Pluto is photographed for the first time but is not then classified as a planet.
  • 23 Mar Zion Mule Corp forms.
  • 25 Mar The U.S. submarine F-4 sinks off Hawaii 21 are killed.
  • 26 Mar Stanley Cup: Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) sweep Ottawa Senators in 3.
  • 27 Mar Typhoid Mary, the first healthy carrier of disease ever identified in the United States, is put in quarantine, where she would remain for the rest of her life.
  • 28 Mar The first Roman Catholic Liturgy is celebrated by Archbishop John Ireland at the newly consecrated Cathedral of Saint Paul in Saint Paul, Minnesota.
  • 05 Apr Jess Willard defeats Jack Johnson in 26 for heavyweight boxing title.
  • 14 Apr Dutch merchant navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo.
  • 15 Apr New York Giants Rube Marquard no-hits Brooklyn, 2-0.
  • 19 Apr 19th Boston Marathon won by Edouard Fabre of Canada in 2:31:41.2.
  • 22 Apr New York Yankees don pinstripes and hat-in-the-ring logo for first time.
  • 23 Apr ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA).
  • 24 Apr Massacre of Armenians by Turks starts (Armenian Martyrs Day)
  • 25 Apr 78,000 ANZAC troops land at Gallipoli.
  • 26 Apr Italy secretly signes Pact of London with Britain, France and Russia.
  • 01 May British Lusitania leaves New York, for Liverpool.
  • 02 May Old Fordham Road in the Bronx renamed Landing Road.
  • 03 May The poem In Flanders Fields is written by Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae.
  • 04 May Italy drops Triple Alliance with Austria-Hungaryb and Germany.
  • 05 May German U-20 sinks Earl of Lathom.
  • 06 May Allies attack Cape Helles, Hellespont.
  • 07 May World War I: German submarine SM U-20 sinks RMS Lusitania, killing 1,198 people including 128 Americans. Public reaction to the sinking turns many formerly pro-Germans in the United States against the German Empire.
  • 08 May 41st Kentucky Derby: Joe Notter aboard Regret wins in 2:05.4.
  • 09 May World War I: Second Battle of Artois between German and French forces.
  • 10 May Zeppelin drops hundred of bombs on Southend-on-Sea.
  • 12 May Croatians plunder Armenia, killing 250.
  • 15 May AT&T becomes 1st corporation to have 1 million stockholders
  • 17 May Last liberal British Government of Asquith falls.
  • 20 May Bataafsche Petroleum Me begins oil extraction of Maracaibo
  • 22 May Local train collides with troop train killing 226 (Gretna Scotland).
  • 23 May World War I: Italy joins the Allies after they declare war on Austria-Hungary.
  • 24 May Thomas Edison invents telescribe to record telephone conversations.
  • 25 May Chicago Claude Hendrix no-hits Pittsburgh (Federal League), 10-0.
  • 26 May H H Asquith forms a coalition government in England.
  • 28 May John B Gruelle patents Raggedy Ann doll.
  • 29 May Teófilo Braga becomes president of Portugal.
  • 31 May An LZ-38 Zeppelin makes an air raid on London.
  • 03 Jun Mexican Revolution: Troops of Obregon and Villa clash at León: Obregon loses his right arm in grenade attack but Villa is decisively defeated.
  • 05 Jun 47th Belmont: George Byrne aboard The Finn wins in 2:18.6
  • 08 Jun William Jennings Bryan quits as Secretary of State.
  • 09 Jun William Jennings Bryan resigns as Woodrow Wilson's Secretary of State over a disagreement regarding the United States' handling of the sinking of the RMS Lusitania.
  • 10 Jun British / French troops conquer German colony of Cameroon
  • 12 Jun 29th US Womens Tennis: Molla B Mallory beats Hazel Wightman (46 62 60)
  • 15 Jun US government mints first $50 gold pieces, for Panama Pacific Expo.
  • 16 Jun Foundation of the British Women's Institute.
  • 17 Jun League to Enforce Peace forms in Philadelphia
  • 18 Jun 21st US Golf Open: John Travers shoots a 297 at Baltusrol Golf Club - New Jersey
  • 20 Jun German offensive in Argonnes
  • 21 Jun Anti-British revolt in South-Africa ends with arrest of General De Law
  • 22 Jun BMT, then Brooklyn Rapid Transit, begins subway service
  • 23 Jun Zeb Turner, country-rock performer (Chew Tobacco Rag)
  • 26 Jun Germany suppresses its Vorwarts newspaper after it called for peace
  • 27 Jun Dutch SDAP demonstrates against conscription
  • 01 Jul Australian Survey Corps becomes part of the Military Forces.
  • 03 Jul US military forces occupy Haiti, remain until 1934
  • 07 Jul World War I: end of First Battle of the Isonzo.
  • 09 Jul Germany surrenders South West Africa to Union of South Africa.
  • 10 Jul British / South African troops march into German SW-Africa
  • 16 Jul Henry James becomes a British citizen, to highlight his commitment to England during the first World War.
  • 17 Jul Italian offensive at Isonzo
  • 18 Jul 2nd Battle of Isonzo begins and ends with loss of 280,000 men
  • 19 Jul Dutch accidents at sea law enforced
  • 24 Jul Excursion ship Eastland capsizes in Lake Michigan, 852 die.
  • 25 Jul RFC Captain Lanoe Hawker becomes the first British military aviator to earn the Victoria Cross, for defeating three German two-seat observation aircraft in one day, over the Western Front.
  • 26 Jul International School for Wijsbegeerte forms
  • 28 Jul 10,000 blacks march on 5th Ave (New York City) protesting lynchings.
  • 29 Jul Pirate Honus Wagner at 41, hits a grand slam HR
  • 05 Aug German troops over run Warsaw
  • 07 Aug St. Louis 3rd base coach Miller Huggins, calls for ball Brooklyn rookie obliges, Huggins steps aside, and Card runner scores
  • 09 Aug British attack at Chanak Bair at Gallipolis
  • 14 Aug British transport Royal Edward sank by German U-boat kills 1000
  • 15 Aug Journalist Albert Siegfried Bettelheim, convicted of murder in Georgia
  • 17 Aug German troops over run Kovno Lithuiana
  • 18 Aug Braves Field opens in Boston to see Braves beat Cards 3-1
  • 19 Aug Rationing laws go into effect in the Netherlands
  • 20 Aug Italy declares war on Turkey
  • 23 Aug Czar Nicolaas II takes control of Russian Army
  • 25 Aug Hurricane kills 275 in Galveston, Texas with $50 million damage
  • 26 Aug German troops over run Brest-Litovsk, Russia
  • 29 Aug US Navy salvage divers raise F-4, the first U.S. submarine sunk in accident.
  • 31 Aug Chicago White Sox Jimmy Lavender no-hits New York Giants, 2-0.
  • 05 Sep 35th US Mens Tennis: William Johnston beats McLoughlin (16 60 75 108)
  • 07 Sep 35th US Mens Tennis: Wm Johnston beats M E McLoughlin (16 60 75 108)
  • 08 Sep WWI: A Zeppelin raid destroys No.61 Farringdon Road, London. It Is rebuilt in 1917 and called The Zeppelin Building.
  • 15 Sep Boston Braves beat Saint Louis Cardinals 20-1.
  • 16 Sep Czar Nicolas II adjourns 4th Duma
  • 18 Sep Boston Braves trounce Saint Louis Cardinals 20-1.
  • 21 Sep Emanuel Querido (Kerido) begins publishing Querido
  • 22 Sep Red Sox ask Braves for use of their larger park for World Series
  • 25 Sep World War I: The Second Battle of Champagne begins.
  • 28 Sep Battle of Kut-el-Amara: Brits defeat Turks in Mesopotamia
  • 29 Sep 1st transcontinental radio telephone message is sent
  • 30 Sep Red Sox clinch AL pennant by beating Detroit
  • 03 Oct 7.8 earthquake shakes Pleasant Valley, Nevada
  • 04 Oct Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado and Utah is established
  • 05 Oct Bulgaria enters World War I as one of the Central Powers.
  • 07 Oct Georgia Tech defeats Cumberland College 222-0 in football (record)
  • 08 Oct Battle of Loos, almost 430,000 French, British and Germans killed
  • 09 Oct Belgrade Serbia, surrenders to Central leaders
  • 11 Oct Bulgarian anti Serbian offensive begins
  • 12 Oct Ford Motor Company manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile
  • 13 Oct Boston Red Sox beat Philadelphia Phillies, four games to one in 12th World Series.
  • 15 Oct WWI: Austria-Hungary invades the Kingdom of Serbia. Kingdom of Bulgaria enters the war, invading Kingdom of Serbia. The retreat of the Serbian First Army towards Greece begins the Serbian Campaign (WWI).
  • 16 Oct Great Britain declares war on Bulgaria
  • 18 Oct 3rd Italians offensive at Isonzo
  • 19 Oct Russia / Italy declares war on Bulgaria
  • 23 Oct 25,000 women march in New York City, demanding right to vote.
  • 27 Oct William Morris Hughes becomes the 7th Prime Minister of Australia.
  • 28 Oct Richard Strauss conducts the first performance of his tone poem Eine Alpensinfonie in Berlin.
  • 29 Oct Aristide Briand becomes Premier of France
  • 01 Nov Parris Island is officially designated a US Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
  • 06 Nov 1st military flight in the Netherlands East Indies (Tandjong Priok)
  • 07 Nov Austrian submarine torpedoes Italian passenger ship (272 kill)
  • 09 Nov Italian liner Ancona sinks by German torpedos, killing 272
  • 12 Nov Britain annexes Gilbert and Ellice archipelago
  • 14 Nov Thomas Masaryk demands independence for Czechoslovakia
  • 18 Nov Release of the U.S. silent film ''Inspiration'', the first mainstream movie in which a leading actress (Audrey Munson) appears nude.
  • 20 Nov 7th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Tigers defeats Toronto Rowing, 13-7
  • 23 Nov The ''Triangle Film Corporation'' opens its new motion picture theater in Massillon, Ohio.
  • 24 Nov Serbian leader flees to Albania
  • 25 Nov The theory of general relativity is formulated.
  • 04 Dec Panama Pacific International Exposition opens
  • 10 Dec 10,000,000th model T Ford assembled.
  • 12 Dec Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia.
  • 14 Dec Jack Johnson is first black world heavyweight boxing champion.
  • 16 Dec Albert Einstein publishes his "General Theory of Relativity".
  • 18 Dec President Wilson, widowed the year before, marries Edith Bolling Galt.
  • 20 Dec Russian troops overrun Qom, Persia.
  • 21 Dec 25.83 cm (10.17 inches) of rainfall, Glenora Oregon (state record).
  • 22 Dec Organized baseball and Federal League sign a peace treaty at Cincinnati Ohio.
  • 23 Dec The HMHS ''Britannic'', the largest individual British loss in WWI, departs Liverpool on her maiden voyage.
  • 25 Dec In WWI, British and German forces declare a Christmas truce, get out of the trenches and have a free-for-all kick-around football game in no-man's land.
  • 26 Dec The Irish Republican Brotherhood Military Council decides to stage a rising on Easter Sunday 1916.
  • 28 Dec San Francisco City Hall dedicated by Mayor James Rolph.
  • 30 Dec Cromarty Harbour, Scottish-British cruiser Natal explodes: 405 die.