1917: On This Year


1917 (MCMXVII in Roman Numerals) was the year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1917th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations.

Is 1917 a year special to you? If so you may like to discover what 1917 was famous for, who won the Oscars and the Nobel Prizes in 1917, who was Time's Person of the Year in 1917, which books, music and movies were top of the charts in 1917, what Chinese zodiac sign is associated to 1917, what babynames were most popular that year, what was the World population on that year and what happend in 1917.

On this page we will address all your questions and curiosities about 1917 to help you enjoy your trip down memory lane.


What was 1917 known for ?

  • As the First World War raged, 1917 saw some important developments. Most notably, this was the year that the United States entered the Great War.
  • Having remained officially neutral to this point, the United States took issue with the resumption of the German U-boat campaign in the Atlantic. Germany resumed unrestricted submarine warfare on February 1st, and it was on February 24th that the infamous “Zimmerman Telegram” was shown to the US ambassador to the United Kingdom. The contents of the telegram were disclosed to the American public days later, adding fuel to the cause of Americans who wished to intervene on the side of the Allies. With the telegram and several other factors at play, the United States would ultimately declare war on Germany on April 6th.
  • In another major political development, Czar Nicholas II abdicated his throne, officially bringing the Russian Empire and the Romanov Dynasty to an end. 1917 was also the year of the October Revolution in Russia and the beginning of the Russian Civil War, which would lead to the establishment of the communist regime of the Soviet Union.
  • Another interesting note revolves around the British Royal Family. In July of 1917, King George V proclaimed that his family and descendants would use the surname of Windsor, changing the name from the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.
  • Despite headlines this year revolving around the war, there were some notable cultural developments as well. In an important literary development, this was the year that J.R.R. Tolkien began writing The Book of Lost Tales, which was the first version of his famous Silmarillion. Tolkien worked while on medical leave from the British Army after becoming ill from the brutal conditions of trench warfare.
  • In film, Buster Keaton made his debut in “The Butcher Boy,” a short film that was the first in a series of films involving Roscoe “Fatty” Arbuckle. In another development, the world’s first feature-length animated film, El Apostol, was made in Argentina.

Your place in the Universe on 1917

We are proud to bring you the most beautiful and accurate map of the stars on your day

Get your map!
star banner

Find out more about your Moon Sign

A personalized Reading based on your birthdate

Get your FREE Moon Reading
Snake chinese zodiac sign

1917: What was the Chinese Zodiac sign associated with the year 1917?

According to the Chinese Zodiac and Astrology 1917 was the Year of the Snake.

Discover Zodiac Sign Characteristics and Personality Traits of people born under the Snake sign.

Nobel Prize

1917: Nobel Prize Winners of the Year

1917: Who won the Nobel Prize in None ?

In 1917 the Nobel Prize in None was awarded to:
  • Karl Adolph Gjellerup

1917: Who won the Nobel Prize in None ?

In 1917 the Nobel Prize in None was awarded to:
  • International Committee of the Red Cross

1917: Who won the Nobel Prize in None ?

In 1917 the Nobel Prize in None was awarded to:
  • Henrik Pontoppidan

1917: Who won the Nobel Prize in None ?

In 1917 the Nobel Prize in None was awarded to:
  • Charles Glover Barkla
world population

1917: What were the most popular baby names in the USA that year ?

The 3 most popular baby names in 1917 were John, William and James for boys and Mary, Helen and Dorothy for girls according to the US Census Bureau historical records.

1917: What were the Top #10 male names given to baby boys that year?

The Top # 10 male names given to baby boys in 1917 in the USA according to the US Census Bureau historical records were:

  • John
  • William
  • James
  • Robert
  • Joseph
  • George
  • Charles
  • Edward
  • Frank
  • Thomas

1917: What were the Top #10 female names given to baby girls that year?

The Top # 10 female names given to baby girls in 1917 in the USA according to the US Census Bureau historical records were:

  • Mary
  • Helen
  • Dorothy
  • Margaret
  • Ruth
  • Mildred
  • Anna
  • Elizabeth
  • Frances
  • Virginia

vinyl songs

1917: What was the number 1 song in the USA that year?

The number 1 song in the USA in 1917, i.e. the best selling and most popular song of tha year, was My Own Iona by Horace Wright

1917: What was the music chart in the USA that year?

The Music Chart in the USA in 1917 with the top 10 most popular songs, was:

  1. My Own Iona by Horace Wright
  2. Over There by Nora Bayes
  3. The Star-Spangled Banner by John McCormack
  4. Good-Bye Broadway, Hello France by American Quartet
  5. Hawaiian Butterfly by Sterling Trio
  6. Keep the Home Fires Burning by John McCormack
  7. When Irish Eyes Are Smiling by John McCormack
  8. The Stars and Stripes Forever March by Sousa's Band
  9. How's Every Little Thing in Dixie? by American Quartet
  10. When the Sun Goes Down in Dixie (And the Moon Begins to Rise) by Peerless Quartet

1917: What were the most popular movies that year ?

The most popular movies and box office hits in 1917 were:

A Trip to the Moon

A Trip to the Moon

Release year: 1917

Directed by: Georges Méliès

Starring: Georges Méliès, Victor André, Bleuette Bernon, Brunnet

On Dangerous Ground

On Dangerous Ground

Release year: 1917

Directed by: Robert Thornby

Starring: Carlyle Blackwell, Gail Kane, William Bailey, Stanhope Wheatcroft

The Adventurer

The Adventurer

Release year: 1917

Directed by: Charles Chaplin

Starring: Charles Chaplin, Edna Purviance, Eric Campbell, Henry Bergman

A Man There Was

A Man There Was

Release year: 1917

Directed by: Victor Sjöström

Starring: Victor Sjöström, August Falck, Edith Erastoff, Bergliot Husberg

Country: United States of America

The Man from Painted Post

The Man from Painted Post

Release year: 1917

Directed by: Joseph Henabery

Starring: Douglas Fairbanks, Eileen Percy, Frank Campeau, Frank Clark


What happened in 1917?

Here's what happened in 1917:

  • Jan 1, 1917: The University of Oregon defeats The University of Pennsylvania 14–0 in college football's 3rd Annual Rose Bowl.
  • Jan 8, 1917: Austria-Hungarian troops conquer Forlani Italy.
  • Jan 9, 1917: World War I: The Battle of Rafa is fought near the Egyptian border with Palestine.
  • Jan 11, 1917: The Kingsland munitions factory explosion occurs as a result of sabotage.
  • Jan 17, 1917: The United States pays Denmark $25 million for the Virgin Islands.
  • Jan 19, 1917: Silvertown explosion: 73 are killed and 400 injured in an explosion in a munitions plant in London.
  • Jan 22, 1917: American entry into World War I: President Woodrow Wilson of the still-neutral United States calls for "peace without victory" in Europe.
  • Jan 26, 1917: The sea defences at the English village of Hallsands are breached, leading to all but one of the houses becoming uninhabitable.
  • Jan 27, 1917: Coen de Koning wins second official 11 cities race (9 53) (record).
  • Jan 28, 1917: Municipally owned streetcars take to the streets of San Francisco, California.
  • Jan 29, 1917: English submarine K13 leaves Gaire Loch.
  • Jan 30, 1917: Pershing's troops in Mexico begin withdrawing back to the United States. They reach Columbus, New Mexico February 5.
  • Jan 31, 1917: Germany notifies US that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship.
  • Feb 1, 1917: Admiral Tirpitz announces unlimited submarine war.
  • Feb 3, 1917: US liner Housatonic sunk by German sub and diplomatic relations severed
  • Feb 4, 1917: Belgium Council of Flanders established.
  • Feb 5, 1917: Morosco Theater opens at 217 W 45th Steet New York City (demolished 1982).
  • Feb 10, 1917: End of Punitive Expedition of General Pershing into Mexico.
  • Feb 13, 1917: Mata Hari is arrested for spying.
  • Feb 15, 1917: San Francisco Public Library (Main Branch at Civic center) dedicated.
  • Feb 20, 1917: Ammunitions ship explodes in Archangelsk harbor, about 1,500 die.
  • Feb 21, 1917: Train near Chirurcha Romania catches fire and explodes; 100s die.
  • Feb 22, 1917: German Navy torpedoes 7 Dutch ships.
  • Feb 23, 1917: February revolution begins in Russia.
  • Feb 24, 1917: Russian revolution breaks out
  • Feb 26, 1917: The Original Dixieland Jass Band records the first ever jazz record for the Victor Talking Machine Company in New York.
  • Feb 28, 1917: Russian Duma sets up Provisional Committee; workers set up Soviets.
  • Mar 1, 1917: The U.S. government releases the unencrypted text of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public.
  • Mar 2, 1917: Jones Act: Puerto Rico territory created, US citizenship granted.
  • Mar 3, 1917: Nicholas II, last Russian tsar, abdicates
  • Mar 4, 1917: Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first female member of the United States House of Representatives.
  • Mar 8, 1917: The United States Senate votes to limit filibusters by adopting the cloture rule.
  • Mar 10, 1917: Batangas is formally founded as one of the Philippines's earliest encomiendas.
  • Mar 11, 1917: British troops occupy Baghdad.
  • Mar 12, 1917: Stalin, Kamenev and Muranov arrive in Saint Petersburg.
  • Mar 15, 1917: Nicholas II, last Russian tsar, says he will abdicate [3 / 3 OS]
  • Mar 17, 1917: N.S.) (March 4, O.S.) ampndash Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia refuses the throne, and power passes to the newly formed Provisional Government under Prince Georgy Lvov.
  • Mar 19, 1917: US Supreme Court upheld 8-hour work day for railroad employees (Adamson Act).
  • Mar 23, 1917: Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest US
  • Mar 25, 1917: The Georgian Orthodox Church restores its autocephaly abolished by Imperial Russia in 1811.
  • Mar 26, 1917: Stanley Cup: Seattle Metropolitans (PCHA) beat Montreal Canadiens (NHL), 3 games to 1; Seattle is first US team to win Stanley Cup.
  • Mar 28, 1917: Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv and Jaffa by Turkish authorities.
  • Mar 30, 1917: The independence of Poland is recognized.
  • Mar 31, 1917: US purchases Danish West Indies for $25M and renames them Virgin Islands
  • Apr 2, 1917: Jeannette Rankin becomes 1st women member of US House of Reps
  • Apr 3, 1917: Lenin leaves Switzerland for Petrograd.
  • Apr 6, 1917: World War I: The United States declares war on Germany (see President Woodrow Wilson's address to Congress).
  • Apr 9, 1917: Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops.
  • Apr 10, 1917: Munition factory explosion at Eddystone Pennsylvania, kills 133 workers.
  • Apr 11, 1917: Babe Ruth beats New York Yankees, pitching 3-hit 10-3 win for Boston Red Sox.
  • Apr 12, 1917: Domenico Scarlatti and Jean Cocteau's ballet premieres in Rome.
  • Apr 14, 1917: Chicago White Sox Ed Cicotte no-hits Saint Louis Browns, 11-0.
  • Apr 16, 1917: Lenin returns to Russia to start Bolshevik Revolution.
  • Apr 19, 1917: 21st Boston Marathon won by Bill Kennedy of New York in 2:28:37.2.
  • Apr 20, 1917: Pravda (Lenin names Russia "Free land of world").
  • Apr 24, 1917: Congress passes the First Liberty Bond Act.
  • May 4, 1917: Arabs sack Tel Aviv.
  • May 9, 1917: WWI: The Nivelle Offensive is abandoned.
  • May 10, 1917: Atlantic ships get destroyer escorts to stop German attacks.
  • May 11, 1917: Britain grants Royal Letters Patent to New Zealand.
  • May 12, 1917: 42nd Preakness: E Haynes aboard Kalitan wins in 1:54.4
  • May 13, 1917: Three children report the first apparition of Our Lady of Fatima in Fatima, Portugal.
  • May 18, 1917: US passes Selective Service act.
  • May 20, 1917: Turkish Government authorizes Jews to return to Tel Aviv and Jaffa.
  • May 21, 1917: Leo Pinckney, first American drafted during WWI.
  • May 22, 1917: Commissioned Officer Corps of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey.
  • May 23, 1917: A month of civil violence in Milan, Italy ends after the Italian army forcefully takes over the city from anarchists and anti-war revolutionaries. Fifty people are killed and 800 people are arrested.Seton-Watson, Christopher. 1967. Italy from Liberalism to Fascism: 1870 to 1925. London: Methuen amp Co. Ltd. Pp. 468–9
  • May 26, 1917: Walt Cruise hit first homerun out of Braves Field.
  • May 27, 1917: Race riot in East Saint Louis Illinois, one black killed.
  • May 30, 1917: Alexander I becomes king of Greece.
  • Jun 1, 1917: Hank Gowdy is 1st baseball player to enlist during WWI
  • Jun 4, 1917: American men begin registering for the draft
  • Jun 5, 1917: World War I: Conscription begins in the United States as ''Army registration day''.
  • Jun 7, 1917: World War I: Battle of Messines: Allied soldiers detonate a series of mines underneath German trenches at Messines Ridge, killing 10,000 German troops.
  • Jun 8, 1917: Walt Disney graduates from Benton High School.
  • Jun 10, 1917: 60,000 people of Petrograd welcome Prince Kropotkin
  • Jun 11, 1917: King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father, Constantine I, is deemed to have abdicated under pressure from allied armies occupying Athens.
  • Jun 12, 1917: Secret Service extends protection of president to his family.
  • Jun 13, 1917: Germany bombs London
  • Jun 14, 1917: 1e German air attack on England, 100+ killed in East-London
  • Jun 15, 1917: The United States enacts the Espionage Act.
  • Jun 16, 1917: 49th Belmont: James Butwell aboard Hourless wins in 2:17.8
  • Jun 17, 1917: British King George V takes the name Windsor
  • Jun 19, 1917: After WWI King George V ordered members of British royal family to dispense with German titles and surnames, they take the name Windsor
  • Jun 21, 1917: Hawaiian Red Cross founded.
  • Jun 23, 1917: 31st US Womens Tennis: Molla Mallory beat Marion Vanderhoef
  • Jun 24, 1917: Russian Black Sea fleet mutiny at Sebastopol
  • Jun 26, 1917: The first U.S. troops arrive in France to fight alongside Britain, France, Italy, and Russia against Germany, and Austria-Hungary in World War I.
  • Jun 28, 1917: Potato entrepreneurs begins in Amsterdam
  • Jul 1, 1917: 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
  • Jul 2, 1917: Riots in East St. Louis, Missouri
  • Jul 3, 1917: Spontaneous demonstration at Tauride-palace Petrograd
  • Jul 6, 1917: World War I: Arabian troops led by T. E. Lawrence (''Lawrence of Arabia'') and Auda ibu Tayi capture Aqaba from the Ottoman Empire during the Arab Revolt.
  • Jul 9, 1917: British warship "Vanguard" explodes at Scapa Flow killing 800.
  • Jul 10, 1917: Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing the draft.
  • Jul 12, 1917: The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona.
  • Jul 16, 1917: July 17 ampndash Russian troops mutiny, abandon the Austrian front, and retreat to the Ukraine hundreds are shot by their commanding officers during the retreat.
  • Jul 17, 1917: British Royal family changes its name from Hanover to Windsor.
  • Jul 20, 1917: Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats and Slovenes form Yugoslavia
  • Jul 22, 1917: British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
  • Jul 23, 1917: Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes
  • Jul 25, 1917: Sir William Thomas White introduces the first income tax in Canada as a quottemporaryquot measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).
  • Jul 26, 1917: J Edgar Hoover gets job on ministry of Justice
  • Jul 27, 1917: World War I: The Allies reach the Yser Canal at the Battle of Passchendaele.
  • Jul 28, 1917: Silent Parade in NYC to protest murders of blacks in race riots
  • Jul 30, 1917: Board of Commissioners of Cleveland Metroparks has its 1st meeting
  • Jul 31, 1917: 3rd battle of Ypres begins
  • Aug 2, 1917: Squadron Commander E.H. Dunning lands his aircraft on the ship in Scapa Flow, Orkney. He is killed 5 days later during another landing on the ship.
  • Aug 3, 1917: The New York Guard is founded.
  • Aug 4, 1917: Pravda calls for killing all capitalists, priests and officers
  • Aug 5, 1917: British troops attack canal of Ypres in Boesinghe Belgium
  • Aug 6, 1917: World War I: Battle of Marasesti between the Romanian and German armies begins.
  • Aug 10, 1917: A general strike begins in Spain it is smashed after 3 days with 70 left dead, hundreds of wounded and 2,000 arrests.
  • Aug 14, 1917: Leeuwen soccer team forms
  • Aug 17, 1917: Italy declares war on Germany and Turkey
  • Aug 18, 1917: Dutch Naval Air Force forms
  • Aug 22, 1917: Pittsburgh Pirates play fourth straight extra inning game, Carson Bigbee sets record of 11 at-bats, they lose in 22 innings to Brooklyn Dodgers.
  • Aug 23, 1917: Race riot in Houston Texas (two blacks and 11 whites killed).
  • Aug 25, 1917: 37th US Mens Tennis: R Lindley Murray beats N W Niles
  • Aug 27, 1917: Indians set club record by stealing eight bases in a game
  • Aug 28, 1917: 10 suffragists arrested as they picket White House
  • Aug 29, 1917: WWI: The Military Service Act is passed in the Canadian House of Commons, giving the Government of Canada the right to conscript men into the army.
  • Sep 1, 1917: The US government prohibits gold exports.
  • Sep 2, 1917: Deutsche Vaterlands Party forms
  • Sep 3, 1917: 1st night bombing of London by German fighter planes
  • Sep 6, 1917: French pilot Georges Guynemer shoots down 54th German aircraft
  • Sep 14, 1917: Kerenski regime declares Russian Republic
  • Sep 15, 1917: Russia proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky.
  • Sep 20, 1917: British assault on Polygon-forest, France
  • Sep 26, 1917: British assault on Menin-street, France
  • Sep 27, 1917: Broadhurst Theater opens at 235 W 44th St, New York City
  • Oct 4, 1917: British assault on Broodseinde, France
  • Oct 6, 1917: The US Trading with the Enemy Act becomes law, giving the US President authority to ban holding of gold and silver coins and other objects.
  • Oct 8, 1917: Trotski named Chairman of Petrograd Soviet
  • Oct 10, 1917: Giants Rube Benton is 1st lefty to pitch a World Series no hitter
  • Oct 12, 1917: World War I: The First Battle of Passchendaele takes place resulting in the largest single day loss of life in New Zealand history.
  • Oct 13, 1917: Soviet accept establishment of Petrograd Military
  • Oct 15, 1917: Chicago White Sox beat New York Giants, four games to two in 14th World Series.
  • Oct 17, 1917: 1st British bombing of Germany
  • Oct 19, 1917: The Love Field in Dallas, Texas is opened.
  • Oct 21, 1917: Petrograds garrison accepts Revolutionary Military Committee
  • Oct 23, 1917: 1st Infantry division Big Red One shoots 1st US shot in WWI
  • Oct 24, 1917: Battle of Caporetto; Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat by the forces of Austria-Hungary and Germany on the Austro-Italian front of World War I (lasts until 19 November - also called Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo).
  • Oct 25, 1917: In Russia, Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin seizes power
  • Oct 26, 1917: Petrograd Soviet accepts establishment of Military
  • Oct 30, 1917: British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration
  • Oct 31, 1917: World War I: Battle of Beersheba : ''last successful cavalry charge in history''.
  • Nov 1, 1917: In WWI, the 1st US soldiers are killed in combat
  • Nov 2, 1917: The Balfour Declaration proclaims British support for the ''establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people'' with the clear understanding ''that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities''.
  • Nov 3, 1917: 1st class mail now costs 3 cents per ounce
  • Nov 5, 1917: October Revolution: In Tallinn, Estonia, Communist leader Jaan Anvelt leads revolutionaries in overthrowing the Provisional Government (As Estonia and Russia are still using the Julian Calendar, subsequent period references show an October 23 date).
  • Nov 6, 1917: New York allows women to vote
  • Nov 7, 1917: British capture Gaza Palestine from the Turks.
  • Nov 8, 1917: Telephone Co runs 1st ad for Army operators, gets 7,000 applicants
  • Nov 9, 1917: Joseph Stalin enters the provisional government of Bolshevik Russia.
  • Nov 10, 1917: New soviet government suspends freedom of press
  • Nov 16, 1917: British occupy Tel Aviv and Jaffa
  • Nov 17, 1917: Lenin defended temporary removal of freedom of the press
  • Nov 20, 1917: 1st tank battle
  • Nov 21, 1917: M Gorki calls Lenin a blind fanatic / unthinking adventurer
  • Nov 23, 1917: The Bolsheviks release the full text of the previously secret Sykes-Picot Agreement in ''Izvestia'' and ''Pravda'' it is subsequently printed in the ''Manchester Guardian'' on November 26.
  • Nov 24, 1917: In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 9 members of the Milwaukee Police Department are killed by a bomb, the most deaths in a single event in U.S. police history until the September 11 attacks in 2001.
  • Nov 25, 1917: World War I: German forces defeat Portuguese army of about 1,200 at Negomano on the border of modern-day Mozambique and Tanzania.
  • Nov 26, 1917: The National Hockey League is formed, with the Montreal Canadiens, Montreal Wanderers, Ottawa Senators, Quebec Bulldogs, and Toronto Arenas as its first teams.
  • Nov 28, 1917: Sigmund Rombergs revue Over the Top, premieres in New York City
  • Nov 29, 1917: Don Cossacks declare the Don Republic, which lasts two weeks.
  • Dec 1, 1917: Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan, west of Omaha Nebraska.
  • Dec 2, 1917: Han Yong-woon, found Zen awakening at Osean Monastery Korea.
  • Dec 3, 1917: After nearly 20 years of planning and construction, including two collapses causing 89 deaths, the Quebec Bridge opens to traffic.
  • Dec 6, 1917: French munition ship Mont Blanc explodes in Halifax, kills 1,700
  • Dec 7, 1917: US becomes 13th country to declare war on Austria during World War I.
  • Dec 9, 1917: British forces under General Allenby capture Jerusalem.
  • Dec 11, 1917: German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia.
  • Dec 12, 1917: French troop train derails in French Alps killing 543
  • Dec 15, 1917: Moldavian Republic declares independence from Russia.
  • Dec 18, 1917: Soviet regiment (Stalin / Lenin) declares Finland Independent
  • Dec 20, 1917: Russian secret police in Czechoslovakia forms under Felix Dzerzjinski.
  • Dec 26, 1917: United States president Woodrow Wilson uses the Federal Possession and Control Act to place most U.S. railroads under the United States Railroad Administration, hoping to more efficiently transport troops and materials for the war effort.
  • Dec 30, 1917: -37 degrees F (-38 degrees C) in Lewisburg West Virginia (state record).
  • Dec 31, 1917: Dutch Social-democratic trade union NVV counts 159,450 members.
  • Jan 10, 1917: Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition: Seven survivors of the Ross Sea party were rescued after being stranded for several months.


What does the year 1917 refer to in the Gregorian calendar?

The year 1917 refers to a specific year in the Gregorian calendar, which is commonly used internationally. It is the 18th year of the 20th century and the 7th year of the 1910s decade. In the Gregorian calendar, it follows 1916 and precedes 1918.

calendars for year 1917

Can you show me the calendar for the year 1917?

February 1917
September 1917
November 1917