1916: On This Year


1916 (MCMXVI in Roman Numerals) was the year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1916th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations.

Is 1916 a year special to you? If so you may like to discover what 1916 was famous for, who won the Oscars and the Nobel Prizes in 1916, who was Time's Person of the Year in 1916, which books, music and movies were top of the charts in 1916, what Chinese zodiac sign is associated to 1916, what babynames were most popular that year, what was the World population on that year and what happend in 1916.

On this page we will address all your questions and curiosities about 1916 to help you enjoy your trip down memory lane.


What was 1916 known for ?

  • 1916 marked another year in the First World War, a conflict that would not end until November of 1918.
  • At this near mid-way point in the war, the infamous Gallipoli Campaign came to an end. On the Gallipoli peninsula the Ottoman Empire scored a significant victory over the Allies, as Allied forces withdrew from the battlefield to Egypt. The campaign holds special cultural significance for the Turks, Australians, and New Zealanders, as the struggle helped bring about a sense of national identity for those peoples. To this day, Australia and New Zealand commemorate their soldiers who fought in all wars on Anzac Day, named after the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps that fought during the Gallipoli Campaign.
  • As one major campaign drew to a close, another began. On the western front of the war, the Battle of the Somme began. The French and British forces, in an attempt to bring the war to a close, launched an offensive campaign against the German Empire.
  • This would ultimately become the largest battle in the war’s history on the western front, and it would also become one of the bloodiest fights in recorded history, as over one million men were killed or wounded. Much debate has surrounded the outcome of the battle, as Allied forces did push the German lines back, but only by a few miles.
  • All the violence brought on by the war did have at least one silver lining this year, as the first successful blood transfusion using stored and cooled blood was performed by the British Army. Two major companies also got their start in the middle of the war as well: Boeing was incorporated this year and BMW was founded, too.
  • 1916 was also the year of the infamous Jersey Shore shark attacks, in which five swimmers were attacked by at least one shark on the coastline of New Jersey. These attacks would serve as the inspiration for Peter Benchley to write Jaws several decades later. In another bizarre development in popular culture, this was the year that a circus elephant was hanged in Erwin, Tennessee for killing her handler, Walter Eldridge. In sports news, golfer Jim Barnes won the first PGA Championship.

Your place in the Universe on 1916

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Dragon chinese zodiac sign

1916: What was the Chinese Zodiac sign associated with the year 1916?

According to the Chinese Zodiac and Astrology 1916 was the Year of the Dragon.

Discover Zodiac Sign Characteristics and Personality Traits of people born under the Dragon sign.

Nobel Prize

1916: Nobel Prize Winners of the Year

1916: Who won the Nobel Prize in None ?

In 1916 the Nobel Prize in None was awarded to:
  • Verner von Heidenstam
world population

1916: What were the most popular baby names in the USA that year ?

The 3 most popular baby names in 1916 were John, William and James for boys and Mary, Helen and Dorothy for girls according to the US Census Bureau historical records.

1916: What were the Top #10 male names given to baby boys that year?

The Top # 10 male names given to baby boys in 1916 in the USA according to the US Census Bureau historical records were:

  • John
  • William
  • James
  • Robert
  • Joseph
  • Charles
  • George
  • Edward
  • Frank
  • Thomas

1916: What were the Top #10 female names given to baby girls that year?

The Top # 10 female names given to baby girls in 1916 in the USA according to the US Census Bureau historical records were:

  • Mary
  • Helen
  • Dorothy
  • Margaret
  • Ruth
  • Mildred
  • Anna
  • Elizabeth
  • Frances
  • Virginia

vinyl songs

1916: What was the number 1 song in the USA that year?

The number 1 song in the USA in 1916, i.e. the best selling and most popular song of tha year, was Somewhere a Voice is Calling by John McCormack

1916: What was the music chart in the USA that year?

The Music Chart in the USA in 1916 with the top 10 most popular songs, was:

  1. Somewhere a Voice is Calling by John McCormack
  2. O Sole Mio (My Sunshine) by Enrico Caruso
  3. My Own Iona by Charles King & Elizabeth Brice
  4. The Missouri Waltz by Prince's Orchestra
  5. The Wedding of the Sunshine and the Rose by Henry Burr & Albert Campbell
  6. The Nightingale Song by Alma Gluck
  7. Memories by John Barnes Wells
  8. M-O-T-H-E-R (A Word That Means the World to Me) by George Wilton Ballard
  9. Thais: Meditation by Kathleen Parlow

1916: What were the most popular movies that year ?

The most popular movies and box office hits in 1916 were:

Intolerance: Love's Struggle Throughout the Ages

Intolerance: Love's Struggle Throughout the Ages

Release year: 1916

Directed by: D.W. Griffith

Starring: Lillian Gish, Robert Harron, Mae Marsh, F.A. Turner

Country: United States of America

The Pawnshop

The Pawnshop

Release year: 1916

Directed by: Charles Chaplin

Starring: Charles Chaplin, Henry Bergman, Edna Purviance, John Rand

The Queen of Spades

The Queen of Spades

Release year: 1916

Directed by: Yakov Protazanov

Starring: Tamara Duvan, Ivan Mozzhukhin, Vera Orlova, Nikolai Panov

Country: United States of America

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

Release year: 1916

Directed by: Stuart Paton

Starring: Allen Holubar, Dan Hanlon, Edna Pendleton, Curtis Benton

Country: United States of America

The Mystery of the Leaping Fish

The Mystery of the Leaping Fish

Release year: 1916

Directed by: John Emerson

Starring: Douglas Fairbanks, Bessie Love, Allan Sears, Tom Wilson


What happened in 1916?

Here's what happened in 1916:

  • Jan 5, 1916: Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro.
  • Jan 7, 1916: German troops conquer Fort Vaux at Verdun.
  • Jan 9, 1916: World War I: The Battle of Gallipoli concludes with an Ottoman Empire victory when the last Allied forces are evacuated from the peninsula.
  • Jan 10, 1916: Russian offensive in Kaukasus.
  • Jan 11, 1916: French troops capture / Serbian army flees to Corfu
  • Jan 12, 1916: Britain proclaims Gilbert and Ellice Island colony in the Pacific.
  • Jan 13, 1916: WWI: The Battle of Wadi occurs between Allied British and Ottoman Empire forces, during the Mesopotamian campaign in modern-day Iraq.
  • Jan 14, 1916: Dutch South Sea dike cracks.
  • Jan 17, 1916: 1st PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Siwanoy Country Club - Bronxville, New York
  • Jan 18, 1916: In Baxter, Missouri, a falling meteorite dtrikes a building.
  • Jan 24, 1916: In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad Co., the Supreme Court of the United States declares the federal income tax constitutional.
  • Jan 25, 1916: Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary.
  • Jan 27, 1916: Communist party "Spartacus Letters" first published in Berlin.
  • Jan 28, 1916: 1st Jewish Supreme Court Justice, Louis Brandeis, appointed by Wilson
  • Jan 31, 1916: Dutch Girl Guides form.
  • Feb 3, 1916: Tristan Tzar publishes Dada-manifest in Zurich Switzerland.
  • Feb 5, 1916: Enrico Caruso recorded "O Sole Mio" for the Victor Talking Machine Company.
  • Feb 8, 1916: French cruiser "Admiral Charner" torpedoed off Syrian coast, kills 374.
  • Feb 9, 1916: 6.00 p.m. ampndash Tristan Tzara quotfoundsquot the art movement Dadaism (according to Hans Arp).
  • Feb 11, 1916: Emma Goldman is arrested for lecturing on birth control.
  • Feb 15, 1916: New York Yankees buy Frank "Home Run" Baker from the Athletics for $37,500.
  • Feb 16, 1916: Russian troops conquer Erzurum Armenia.
  • Feb 21, 1916: Battle of Verdun (WWI) begins (one million casualties).
  • Feb 23, 1916: French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun.
  • Feb 25, 1916: German troops conquer Fort Douaumont near Verdun.
  • Feb 26, 1916: Mutual signs Charlie Chaplin to a film contract
  • Feb 29, 1916: Child labor: In South Carolina, the minimum working age for factory, mill, and mine workers is raised from twelve to fourteen years old.
  • Mar 1, 1916: Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic.
  • Mar 8, 1916: US invades Cuba for third time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime.
  • Mar 9, 1916: Germany declares war against Portugal.
  • Mar 12, 1916: French airship sinks British submarine D3.
  • Mar 14, 1916: Battle of Verdun: German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun.
  • Mar 15, 1916: Gen Pershing, 15,000 troops chasing Villa into Mexico, stays 10-mos
  • Mar 16, 1916: The 7th and 10th US cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing crossed the US-Mexico border to join the hunt for Pancho Villa.
  • Mar 19, 1916: Eight American planes take off in pursuit of Pancho Villa, the first United States air-combat mission in history.
  • Mar 20, 1916: Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity.
  • Mar 21, 1916: JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • Mar 22, 1916: The last Emperor of China, Yuan Shikai, abdicates the throne and the Republic of China is restored.
  • Mar 25, 1916: Jess Willard fights Frank Moran to no decision in 10 for boxing title
  • Mar 26, 1916: Birdman of Alcatraz receives solitary.
  • Mar 30, 1916: Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens (NHA) beat Portland Rosebuds (PCHA), 3 games to 2.
  • Mar 31, 1916: Dutch government ends all military engagements.
  • Apr 2, 1916: German troops overtake Bois de Caillette.
  • Apr 4, 1916: US Senate agrees (82-6) to participate in WWI.
  • Apr 5, 1916: French troops occupy Bois de Caillette.
  • Apr 6, 1916: German parliament authorizes unrestricted submarine warfare.
  • Apr 8, 1916: Norway approves active and passive female suffrage.
  • Apr 9, 1916: World War I: The Battle of Verdun : German forces launch their third offensive of the battle.
  • Apr 19, 1916: Italians troops conquer Colonel di Lana at Merano.
  • Apr 20, 1916: German-British sea battle off Belgian coast.
  • Apr 22, 1916: France battles at Fort Douaumont.
  • Apr 24, 1916: Easter rebellion of Irish against British occupation begins
  • Apr 27, 1916: WWI ampndash Battle of Hulluch: The 47th Brigade, 16th Irish Division is decimated in one of the most heavily concentrated German gas attacks of the war.
  • Apr 29, 1916: Easter Rebellion: Martial law in Ireland is lifted and the rebellion is officially over with the surrender of Irish nationalists to British authorities in Dublin.
  • Apr 30, 1916: Chicago Cubs play 1st game at Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) beat Reds
  • May 2, 1916: US President Wilson signs Harrison Drug Act.
  • May 3, 1916: The leaders of the Easter Rising are executed in Dublin.
  • May 4, 1916: At request of US, Germany curtails its submarine warfare.
  • May 5, 1916: US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924.
  • May 6, 1916: Belgian troop march into Kigali, German East-Africa.
  • May 8, 1916: German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes.
  • May 9, 1916: British-France Sykes-Picot meet over division of Turkey.
  • May 10, 1916: Disastrous fire in Ellendale North Dakota.
  • May 12, 1916: James Connolly was sat on a chair and shot dead in Kilmainham Gaol in Dublin, after his role in the Easter Uprising
  • May 13, 1916: Native American Day is 1st observed
  • May 15, 1916: Asiago Italy falls when Austrian troops attack the Italian front.
  • May 16, 1916: 41st Preakness: Linus McAtee aboard Damrosch wins in 1:54.8.
  • May 17, 1916: British Summer Time (Daylight Savings), first introduced.
  • May 18, 1916: US pilot Kiffin Rockwell shoots down German aircraft.
  • May 20, 1916: Saturday Evening Post cover features Norman Rockwell painting
  • May 21, 1916: Britain begins "Summer Time" (Daylight Savings Time).
  • May 22, 1916: French troops occupy parts of Fort Douaumont Verdun.
  • May 23, 1916: Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun.
  • May 24, 1916: US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker.
  • May 27, 1916: Groundbreaking begins on Hugh Grant Circle in the Bronx.
  • May 29, 1916: Official flag of President of US adopted.
  • May 31, 1916: British battle cruiser Invincible explodes, killing all but 6
  • Jun 1, 1916: German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun
  • Jun 2, 1916: German troops under Lt Rackow take Fort Vaux
  • Jun 3, 1916: National Defense Act establishes ROTC
  • Jun 4, 1916: Russian General Brusilov fails on his Eastern Front attack
  • Jun 5, 1916: Louis Brandeis is sworn in as a Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
  • Jun 6, 1916: Voters in East Cleveland approves women suffrage
  • Jun 7, 1916: Germany troop march into Fort Faux, Verdun
  • Jun 10, 1916: 48th Belmont: E Haynes aboard Friar Rock wins in 2:22
  • Jun 12, 1916: 30th US Womens Tennis: Molla B Mallory beats Louise Raymond (60 61)
  • Jun 15, 1916: Boys Scouts of America forms
  • Jun 17, 1916: 1st national Congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • Jun 21, 1916: Mexican troops beat US expeditionary force under General Pershing
  • Jun 24, 1916: Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to sign a million dollar contract.
  • Jun 25, 1916: Tsar Nicolaas II fires Minister of Foreign Affairs Sasonov
  • Jun 26, 1916: Cleveland Indians experiment with numbers on their jerseys (one game).
  • Jun 29, 1916: Boeing aircraft flies for first time.
  • Jun 30, 1916: 22nd US Golf Open: Chick Evans shoots a 286 at Minikahda Club, Minnesota
  • Jul 1, 1916: British court martial (Easter uprising)
  • Jul 2, 1916: Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism
  • Jul 8, 1916: July 16- Massive flooding caused by 2 different hurricanes devastates western North Carolina.
  • Jul 11, 1916: Congress passes Federal Aid Road Act
  • Jul 14, 1916: 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham SC (state record)
  • Jul 15, 1916: 22.22 (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass NC (state record)
  • Jul 19, 1916: World War I: Battle of Fromelles : British and Australian troops attack German trenches in a prelude to the Battle of the Somme.
  • Jul 20, 1916: Giants trade Christy Mathewson to Cin Reds
  • Jul 22, 1916: In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 and injuring 40.
  • Jul 25, 1916: Explosion at Lake Erie and Cleveland Waterworks.
  • Jul 29, 1916: Postal check and Girodienst establishes
  • Jul 30, 1916: German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on Black Tom Island, New Jersey.
  • Aug 1, 1916: Hawaii National Park established.
  • Aug 2, 1916: World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto.
  • Aug 3, 1916: World War I: Battle of Romani : Allied forces, under the command of Archibald Murray, defeat an attacking Ottoman army under the command of Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein, securing the Suez Canal and beginning the Ottoman retreat from the Sinai Peninsula.
  • Aug 4, 1916: Denmark cedes Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, to the US for $25 million
  • Aug 7, 1916: WWI: Portugal joins the Allies.
  • Aug 9, 1916: Lassen Volcanic National Park is established in California.
  • Aug 10, 1916: Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia
  • Aug 17, 1916: Bulgarian offensive in Macedonia
  • Aug 21, 1916: Peru declares neutrality
  • Aug 23, 1916: Military court of Berlin sentences Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
  • Aug 25, 1916: US Congress establishes the National Park Service as part of the Department of the Interior.
  • Aug 26, 1916: Yanks turn triple-play beating Browns 10-6
  • Aug 27, 1916: Romania declares war against Austria-Hungary, entering World War I as one of the Allied nations.
  • Aug 28, 1916: World War I: Germany declares war on Romania.
  • Aug 29, 1916: Transportship Hsin-Yu and cruiser Hai-Yung collide; 1000 die
  • Aug 30, 1916: Paul von Hindenburg becomes chief-of-General-Staff in Germany.
  • Sep 1, 1916: Bulgaria declares war on Romania
  • Sep 2, 1916: British pilot William Leefe-Robinson becomes the first to shoot down a German airship over Britain.
  • Sep 4, 1916: Christy Mathewson and Mordecai Brown final baseball game.
  • Sep 5, 1916: 36th US Mens Tennis: R N Williams III beats Johnston
  • Sep 7, 1916: US federal employees win the right to Workers' compensation by Federal Employers Liability Act (39 Stat. 742; 5 U.S.C. 751)
  • Sep 11, 1916: German troops conquer Kavalla Greece
  • Sep 13, 1916: Mary, a circus elephant, is hanged in the town of Erwin, Tennessee for killing her handler, Walter quotRedquot Eldridge.
  • Sep 14, 1916: Christy Mathewson pitches and wins his final game.
  • Sep 15, 1916: World War I: Tanks are used for the first time in battle, at the Battle of the Somme.
  • Sep 17, 1916: 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right
  • Sep 19, 1916: 1st landing on Schiphol (Farman F-22 of Soesterberg)
  • Sep 20, 1916: Friedrik Johannes Hugo von Engelken becomes US Mint director.
  • Sep 26, 1916: Bishop speak against Catholics in trade unions
  • Sep 27, 1916: 1st Native American Day celebrated, honoring American Indians
  • Sep 29, 1916: John D. Rockefeller becomes the world's first known billionaire.
  • Oct 2, 1916: San Diego Zoo founded
  • Oct 5, 1916: Soldier Adolf Hitler is injured
  • Oct 7, 1916: Georgia Tech defeats Cumberland University 222-0 in the most lopsided college football game in American history.
  • Oct 9, 1916: Babe Ruth pitches and wins longest World Series game (14 innings) 2-1.
  • Oct 10, 1916: In Game 3, Charlie Ebbets becomes the 1st owner to raise the price of World Series grandstand seats to $5-up from $3
  • Oct 12, 1916: Boston Red Sox beat Brooklyn Dodgers, four games to one in 13th World Series.
  • Oct 14, 1916: Perm State University is founded in Russia.
  • Oct 16, 1916: Dodger manager Wilbert Robinson given $5,000 bonus
  • Oct 17, 1916: Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage
  • Oct 21, 1916: US Army forms Reserve Officers Training Corps
  • Oct 24, 1916: Moroccan troops capture Ft Douaumont
  • Oct 26, 1916: Margaret Sanger arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control).
  • Nov 1, 1916: Paul Miliukov delivers the famous quotstupidity or treasonquot speech in the Russian State Duma, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government.
  • Nov 2, 1916: Ft Vaux, Verdun, reconquered by France
  • Nov 3, 1916: Treaty establishes British suzerainty over Qatar.
  • Nov 5, 1916: Emperor Wilhelm II and French Jozef I establishes kingdom of Poland
  • Nov 7, 1916: Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolayevich warns Czar of uprising
  • Nov 13, 1916: British offensive at Ancre Belgium
  • Nov 16, 1916: I Berlin / V Herbert / H Blossoms musical premieres in New York City
  • Nov 18, 1916: Gen Douglas Haig finally calls off 1st Battle of the Somme in Europe
  • Nov 19, 1916: Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures.
  • Nov 21, 1916: World War I: A mine explodes and sinks HMHS Britannic in the Aegean Sea, killing 30 people.
  • Nov 23, 1916: WWI ampndash Eastern Front: Bucharest, the capital of Romania, is occupied by troops of the Central Powers.
  • Nov 26, 1916: Greece declares war on Germany
  • Nov 28, 1916: 1st (German) air attack on London
  • Nov 29, 1916: Erwin Rommel marries Lucie Lu Mollin
  • Nov 30, 1916: Costa Rica becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Dec 2, 1916: Baseballers who are injured now get full pay for duration of contract.
  • Dec 6, 1916: German army under General Mackensen occupies Bucharest.
  • Dec 7, 1916: David Lloyd George replaces resigning H H Asquith as British Prime Minister.
  • Dec 11, 1916: David Lloyd George forms British war government.
  • Dec 12, 1916: Worst train disaster ever (Modane France-543 killed)
  • Dec 13, 1916: Esme Stuart Lennox Robinsons premieres in Dublin.
  • Dec 15, 1916: French defeat Germans in WWI Battle of Verdun.
  • Dec 17, 1916: Grigori Rasputin is murdered.
  • Dec 18, 1916: World War I: The Battle of Verdun ends when German forces under Chief of Staff Erich Von Falkenhayn are defeated by the French and British, and suffer 337,000 casualties.
  • Dec 19, 1916: Suriname Bauxite Company forms in Paramaribo.
  • Dec 22, 1916: The British Sopwith Camel aircraft makes its maiden flight. It was designed to counter the German's Fokker aircraft.
  • Dec 23, 1916: World War I: Battle of Magdhaba : Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt's Sinai peninsula.
  • Dec 30, 1916: The last coronation in Hungary is performed for King Charles IV and Queen Zita.
  • Dec 31, 1916: Oxycodone, a narcotic painkiller closely related to codeine is first synthesized in Germany.
  • Jan 12, 1916: Both Oswald Boelcke and Max Immelmann, for achieving eight aerial victories each over Allied aircraft, receive the German Empire's highest military award, the Pour le Mérite as the first German aviators to earn it.


What does the year 1916 refer to in the Gregorian calendar?

The year 1916 refers to a specific year in the Gregorian calendar, which is commonly used internationally. It is the 17th year of the 20th century and the 6th year of the 1910s decade. In the Gregorian calendar, it follows 1915 and precedes 1917.

calendars for year 1916

Can you show me the calendar for the year 1916?

February 1916
September 1916
November 1916