1916

1916 marked another year in the First World War, a conflict that would not end until November of 1918.

1916

At this near mid-way point in the war, the infamous Gallipoli Campaign came to an end. On the Gallipoli peninsula the Ottoman Empire scored a significant victory over the Allies, as Allied forces withdrew from the battlefield to Egypt. The campaign holds special cultural significance for the Turks, Australians, and New Zealanders, as the struggle helped bring about a sense of national identity for those peoples. To this day, Australia and New Zealand commemorate their soldiers who fought in all wars on Anzac Day, named after the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps that fought during the Gallipoli Campaign.

As one major campaign drew to a close, another began. On the western front of the war, the Battle of the Somme began. The French and British forces, in an attempt to bring the war to a close, launched an offensive campaign against the German Empire.

This would ultimately become the largest battle in the war’s history on the western front, and it would also become one of the bloodiest fights in recorded history, as over one million men were killed or wounded. Much debate has surrounded the outcome of the battle, as Allied forces did push the German lines back, but only by a few miles.

All the violence brought on by the war did have at least one silver lining this year, as the first successful blood transfusion using stored and cooled blood was performed by the British Army. Two major companies also got their start in the middle of the war as well: Boeing was incorporated this year and BMW was founded, too.

1916 was also the year of the infamous Jersey Shore shark attacks, in which five swimmers were attacked by at least one shark on the coastline of New Jersey. These attacks would serve as the inspiration for Peter Benchley to write Jaws several decades later. In another bizarre development in popular culture, this was the year that a circus elephant was hanged in Erwin, Tennessee for killing her handler, Walter Eldridge. In sports news, golfer Jim Barnes won the first PGA Championship.

Discover how the world looked like in 1916

Looking for 1916 Calendar ? Here it is: January 1916, February 1916, March 1916, April 1916, May 1916, June 1916, July 1916, August 1916, September 1916, October 1916, November 1916, December 1916

Nobel Prize

Nobel Prizes

All Nobel Prize winners of 1916


Literature

  • Verner von Heidenstam
vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1916?


Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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The Queen of Spades

The Queen of Spades

Directed by: Yakov Protazanov

Starring: Tamara Duvan, Ivan Mozzhukhin, Vera Orlova, Nikolai Panov

Country: United States of America

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

Directed by: Stuart Paton

Starring: Allen Holubar, Dan Hanlon, Edna Pendleton, Curtis Benton

Country: United States of America

Judex

Judex

Directed by: Louis Feuillade

Starring: René Cresté, Musidora, René Poyen, Édouard Mathé

Country: United States of America

Flirting with Fate

Flirting with Fate

Directed by: Christy Cabanne

Starring: Douglas Fairbanks, Jewel Carmen, Howard Gaye, W.E. Lawrence

Country: United States of America

Joan the Woman

Joan the Woman

Directed by: Cecil B. DeMille

Starring: Geraldine Farrar, Raymond Hatton, Hobart Bosworth, Theodore Roberts

Country: United States of America

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1916 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1916?


Events

  • 05 Jan 1916 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro.
  • 07 Jan 1916 German troops conquer Fort Vaux at Verdun.
  • 09 Jan 1916 World War I: The Battle of Gallipoli concludes with an Ottoman Empire victory when the last Allied forces are evacuated from the peninsula.
  • 10 Jan 1916 Russian offensive in Kaukasus.
  • 11 Jan 1916 French troops capture / Serbian army flees to Corfu
  • 12 Jan 1916 Britain proclaims Gilbert and Ellice Island colony in the Pacific.
  • 13 Jan 1916 WWI: The Battle of Wadi occurs between Allied British and Ottoman Empire forces, during the Mesopotamian campaign in modern-day Iraq.
  • 14 Jan 1916 Dutch South Sea dike cracks.
  • 17 Jan 1916 1st PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Siwanoy Country Club - Bronxville, New York
  • 18 Jan 1916 In Baxter, Missouri, a falling meteorite dtrikes a building.
  • 24 Jan 1916 In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad, the Supreme Court of the United States declares the federal income tax constitutional.
  • 25 Jan 1916 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary.
  • 27 Jan 1916 Communist party "Spartacus Letters" first published in Berlin.
  • 28 Jan 1916 1st Jewish Supreme Court Justice, Louis Brandeis, appointed by Wilson
  • 31 Jan 1916 Dutch Girl Guides form.
  • 03 Feb 1916 Tristan Tzar publishes Dada-manifest in Zurich Switzerland.
  • 05 Feb 1916 Enrico Caruso recorded "O Sole Mio" for the Victor Talking Machine Company.
  • 08 Feb 1916 French cruiser "Admiral Charner" torpedoed off Syrian coast, kills 374.
  • 09 Feb 1916 6.00 p.m. ampndash Tristan Tzara quotfoundsquot the art movement Dadaism (according to Hans Arp).
  • 11 Feb 1916 Emma Goldman is arrested for lecturing on birth control.
  • 15 Feb 1916 New York Yankees buy Frank "Home Run" Baker from the Athletics for $37,500.
  • 16 Feb 1916 Russian troops conquer Erzurum Armenia.
  • 21 Feb 1916 Battle of Verdun (WWI) begins (one million casualties).
  • 23 Feb 1916 French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun.
  • 25 Feb 1916 German troops conquer Fort Douaumont near Verdun.
  • 26 Feb 1916 Mutual signs Charlie Chaplin to a film contract
  • 29 Feb 1916 Child labor: In South Carolina, the minimum working age for factory, mill, and mine workers is raised from twelve to fourteen years old.
  • 01 Mar 1916 Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic.
  • 08 Mar 1916 US invades Cuba for third time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime.
  • 09 Mar 1916 Germany declares war against Portugal.
  • 12 Mar 1916 French airship sinks British submarine D3.
  • 14 Mar 1916 Battle of Verdun: German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun.
  • 15 Mar 1916 Gen Pershing, 15,000 troops chasing Villa into Mexico, stays 10-mos
  • 16 Mar 1916 The 7th and 10th US cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing crossed the US-Mexico border to join the hunt for Pancho Villa.
  • 19 Mar 1916 Eight American planes take off in pursuit of Pancho Villa, the first United States air-combat mission in history.
  • 20 Mar 1916 Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity.
  • 21 Mar 1916 JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 22 Mar 1916 The last Emperor of China, Yuan Shikai, abdicates the throne and the Republic of China is restored.
  • 25 Mar 1916 Jess Willard fights Frank Moran to no decision in 10 for boxing title
  • 26 Mar 1916 Birdman of Alcatraz receives solitary.
  • 30 Mar 1916 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens (NHA) beat Portland Rosebuds (PCHA), 3 games to 2.
  • 31 Mar 1916 Dutch government ends all military engagements.
  • 02 Apr 1916 German troops overtake Bois de Caillette.
  • 04 Apr 1916 US Senate agrees (82-6) to participate in WWI.
  • 05 Apr 1916 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette.
  • 06 Apr 1916 German parliament authorizes unrestricted submarine warfare.
  • 08 Apr 1916 Norway approves active and passive female suffrage.
  • 09 Apr 1916 World War I: The Battle of Verdun : German forces launch their third offensive of the battle.
  • 19 Apr 1916 Italians troops conquer Colonel di Lana at Merano.
  • 20 Apr 1916 German-British sea battle off Belgian coast.
  • 22 Apr 1916 France battles at Fort Douaumont.
  • 24 Apr 1916 Easter rebellion of Irish against British occupation begins
  • 27 Apr 1916 WWI ampndash Battle of Hulluch: The 47th Brigade, 16th Irish Division is decimated in one of the most heavily concentrated German gas attacks of the war.
  • 29 Apr 1916 Easter Rebellion: Martial law in Ireland is lifted and the rebellion is officially over with the surrender of Irish nationalists to British authorities in Dublin.
  • 30 Apr 1916 Chicago Cubs play 1st game at Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) beat Reds
  • 02 May 1916 US President Wilson signs Harrison Drug Act.
  • 03 May 1916 The leaders of the Easter Rising are executed in Dublin.
  • 04 May 1916 At request of US, Germany curtails its submarine warfare.
  • 05 May 1916 US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924.
  • 06 May 1916 Belgian troop march into Kigali, German East-Africa.
  • 08 May 1916 German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes.
  • 09 May 1916 British-France Sykes-Picot meet over division of Turkey.
  • 10 May 1916 Disastrous fire in Ellendale North Dakota.
  • 12 May 1916 James Connolly was sat on a chair and shot dead in Kilmainham Gaol in Dublin, after his role in the Easter Uprising
  • 13 May 1916 Native American Day is 1st observed
  • 15 May 1916 Asiago Italy falls when Austrian troops attack the Italian front.
  • 16 May 1916 41st Preakness: Linus McAtee aboard Damrosch wins in 1:54.8.
  • 17 May 1916 British Summer Time (Daylight Savings), first introduced.
  • 18 May 1916 US pilot Kiffin Rockwell shoots down German aircraft.
  • 20 May 1916 Saturday Evening Post cover features Norman Rockwell painting
  • 21 May 1916 Britain begins "Summer Time" (Daylight Savings Time).
  • 22 May 1916 French troops occupy parts of Fort Douaumont Verdun.
  • 23 May 1916 Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun.
  • 24 May 1916 US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker.
  • 27 May 1916 Groundbreaking begins on Hugh Grant Circle in the Bronx.
  • 29 May 1916 Official flag of President of US adopted.
  • 31 May 1916 British battle cruiser Invincible explodes, killing all but 6
  • 01 Jun 1916 German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun
  • 02 Jun 1916 German troops under Lt Rackow take Fort Vaux
  • 03 Jun 1916 National Defense Act establishes ROTC
  • 04 Jun 1916 Russian General Brusilov fails on his Eastern Front attack
  • 05 Jun 1916 Louis Brandeis is sworn in as a Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
  • 06 Jun 1916 Voters in East Cleveland approves women suffrage
  • 07 Jun 1916 Germany troop march into Fort Faux, Verdun
  • 10 Jun 1916 48th Belmont: E Haynes aboard Friar Rock wins in 2:22
  • 12 Jun 1916 30th US Womens Tennis: Molla B Mallory beats Louise Raymond (60 61)
  • 15 Jun 1916 Boys Scouts of America forms
  • 17 Jun 1916 1st national Congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • 21 Jun 1916 Mexican troops beat US expeditionary force under General Pershing
  • 24 Jun 1916 Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to sign a million dollar contract.
  • 25 Jun 1916 Tsar Nicolaas II fires Minister of Foreign Affairs Sasonov
  • 26 Jun 1916 Cleveland Indians experiment with numbers on their jerseys (one game).
  • 29 Jun 1916 Boeing aircraft flies for first time.
  • 30 Jun 1916 22nd US Golf Open: Chick Evans shoots a 286 at Minikahda Club, Minnesota
  • 01 Jul 1916 British court martial (Easter uprising)
  • 02 Jul 1916 Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism
  • 08 Jul 1916 July 16- Massive flooding caused by 2 different hurricanes devastates western North Carolina.
  • 11 Jul 1916 Congress passes Federal Aid Road Act
  • 14 Jul 1916 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham SC (state record)
  • 15 Jul 1916 22.22 (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass NC (state record)
  • 19 Jul 1916 World War I: Battle of Fromelles : British and Australian troops attack German trenches in a prelude to the Battle of the Somme.
  • 20 Jul 1916 Giants trade Christy Mathewson to Cin Reds
  • 22 Jul 1916 In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 and injuring 40.
  • 25 Jul 1916 Explosion at Lake Erie and Cleveland Waterworks.
  • 29 Jul 1916 Postal check and Girodienst establishes
  • 30 Jul 1916 German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on Black Tom Island, New Jersey.
  • 01 Aug 1916 Hawaii National Park established.
  • 02 Aug 1916 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto.
  • 03 Aug 1916 World War I: Battle of Romani : Allied forces, under the command of Archibald Murray, defeat an attacking Ottoman army under the command of Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein, securing the Suez Canal and beginning the Ottoman retreat from the Sinai Peninsula.
  • 04 Aug 1916 Denmark cedes Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, to the US for $25 million
  • 07 Aug 1916 WWI: Portugal joins the Allies.
  • 09 Aug 1916 Lassen Volcanic National Park is established in California.
  • 10 Aug 1916 Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia
  • 17 Aug 1916 Bulgarian offensive in Macedonia
  • 21 Aug 1916 Peru declares neutrality
  • 23 Aug 1916 Military court of Berlin sentences Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
  • 25 Aug 1916 US Congress establishes the National Park Service as part of the Department of the Interior.
  • 26 Aug 1916 Yanks turn triple-play beating Browns 10-6
  • 27 Aug 1916 Romania declares war against Austria-Hungary, entering World War I as one of the Allied nations.
  • 28 Aug 1916 World War I: Germany declares war on Romania.
  • 29 Aug 1916 Transportship Hsin-Yu and cruiser Hai-Yung collide; 1000 die
  • 30 Aug 1916 Paul von Hindenburg becomes chief-of-General-Staff in Germany.
  • 01 Sep 1916 Bulgaria declares war on Romania
  • 02 Sep 1916 British pilot William Leefe-Robinson becomes the first to shoot down a German airship over Britain.
  • 04 Sep 1916 Christy Mathewson and Mordecai Brown final baseball game.
  • 05 Sep 1916 36th US Mens Tennis: R N Williams III beats Johnston (46 64 06 62 64)
  • 07 Sep 1916 Federal employees win the right to Workers' compensation by Federal Employers Liability Act (39 Stat. 742; 5 U.S.C. 751)
  • 11 Sep 1916 German troops conquer Kavalla Greece
  • 13 Sep 1916 Mary, a circus elephant, is hanged in the town of Erwin, Tennessee for killing her handler, Walter quotRedquot Eldridge.
  • 14 Sep 1916 Christy Mathewson pitches and wins his final game.
  • 15 Sep 1916 World War I: Tanks are used for the first time in battle, at the Battle of the Somme.
  • 17 Sep 1916 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right
  • 19 Sep 1916 1st landing on Schiphol (Farman F-22 of Soesterberg)
  • 20 Sep 1916 Friedrik Johannes Hugo von Engelken becomes US Mint director.
  • 26 Sep 1916 Bishop speak against Catholics in trade unions
  • 27 Sep 1916 1st Native American Day celebrated, honoring American Indians
  • 29 Sep 1916 John D. Rockefeller becomes the world's first known billionaire.
  • 02 Oct 1916 San Diego Zoo founded
  • 05 Oct 1916 Soldier Adolf Hitler is injured
  • 07 Oct 1916 Georgia Tech defeats Cumberland University 222-0 in the most lopsided college football game in American history.
  • 09 Oct 1916 Babe Ruth pitches and wins longest World Series game (14 innings) 2-1.
  • 10 Oct 1916 In Game 3, Charlie Ebbets becomes the 1st owner to raise the price of World Series grandstand seats to $5-up from $3
  • 12 Oct 1916 Boston Red Sox beat Brooklyn Dodgers, four games to one in 13th World Series.
  • 14 Oct 1916 Perm State University is founded in Russia.
  • 16 Oct 1916 Dodger manager Wilbert Robinson given $5,000 bonus
  • 17 Oct 1916 Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage
  • 21 Oct 1916 US Army forms Reserve Officers Training Corps
  • 24 Oct 1916 Moroccan troops capture Ft Douaumont
  • 26 Oct 1916 Margaret Sanger arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control).
  • 01 Nov 1916 Paul Miliukov delivers the famous quotstupidity or treasonquot speech in the Russian State Duma, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government.
  • 02 Nov 1916 Ft Vaux, Verdun, reconquered by France
  • 03 Nov 1916 Treaty establishes British suzerainty over Qatar.
  • 05 Nov 1916 Emperor Wilhelm II and French Jozef I establishes kingdom of Poland
  • 07 Nov 1916 Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolayevich warns Czar of uprising
  • 13 Nov 1916 British offensive at Ancre Belgium
  • 16 Nov 1916 I Berlin / V Herbert / H Blossoms musical premieres in New York City
  • 18 Nov 1916 Gen Douglas Haig finally calls off 1st Battle of the Somme in Europe
  • 19 Nov 1916 Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures.
  • 21 Nov 1916 World War I: A mine explodes and sinks HMHS Britannic in the Aegean Sea, killing 30 people.
  • 23 Nov 1916 WWI ampndash Eastern Front: Bucharest, the capital of Romania, is occupied by troops of the Central Powers.
  • 26 Nov 1916 Greece declares war on Germany
  • 28 Nov 1916 1st (German) air attack on London
  • 29 Nov 1916 Erwin Rommel marries Lucie Lu Mollin
  • 30 Nov 1916 Costa Rica becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 02 Dec 1916 Baseballers who are injured now get full pay for duration of contract.
  • 06 Dec 1916 German army under General Mackensen occupies Bucharest.
  • 07 Dec 1916 David Lloyd George replaces resigning H H Asquith as British Prime Minister.
  • 11 Dec 1916 David Lloyd George forms British war government.
  • 12 Dec 1916 Worst train disaster ever (Modane France-543 killed)
  • 13 Dec 1916 Esme Stuart Lennox Robinsons premieres in Dublin.
  • 15 Dec 1916 French defeat Germans in WWI Battle of Verdun.
  • 17 Dec 1916 Grigori Rasputin is murdered.
  • 18 Dec 1916 World War I: The Battle of Verdun ends when German forces under Chief of Staff Erich Von Falkenhayn are defeated by the French and British, and suffer 337,000 casualties.
  • 19 Dec 1916 Suriname Bauxite Company forms in Paramaribo.
  • 22 Dec 1916 The British Sopwith Camel aircraft makes its maiden flight. It was designed to counter the German's Fokker aircraft.
  • 23 Dec 1916 World War I: Battle of Magdhaba : Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt's Sinai peninsula.
  • 30 Dec 1916 The last coronation in Hungary is performed for King Charles IV and Queen Zita.
  • 31 Dec 1916 Oxycodone, a narcotic painkiller closely related to codeine is first synthesized in Germany.