1916

1916 marked another year in the First World War, a conflict that would not end until November of 1918.

1916

At this near mid-way point in the war, the infamous Gallipoli Campaign came to an end. On the Gallipoli peninsula the Ottoman Empire scored a significant victory over the Allies, as Allied forces withdrew from the battlefield to Egypt. The campaign holds special cultural significance for the Turks, Australians, and New Zealanders, as the struggle helped bring about a sense of national identity for those peoples. To this day, Australia and New Zealand commemorate their soldiers who fought in all wars on Anzac Day, named after the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps that fought during the Gallipoli Campaign.

As one major campaign drew to a close, another began. On the western front of the war, the Battle of the Somme began. The French and British forces, in an attempt to bring the war to a close, launched an offensive campaign against the German Empire.

This would ultimately become the largest battle in the war’s history on the western front, and it would also become one of the bloodiest fights in recorded history, as over one million men were killed or wounded. Much debate has surrounded the outcome of the battle, as Allied forces did push the German lines back, but only by a few miles.

All the violence brought on by the war did have at least one silver lining this year, as the first successful blood transfusion using stored and cooled blood was performed by the British Army. Two major companies also got their start in the middle of the war as well: Boeing was incorporated this year and BMW was founded, too.

1916 was also the year of the infamous Jersey Shore shark attacks, in which five swimmers were attacked by at least one shark on the coastline of New Jersey. These attacks would serve as the inspiration for Peter Benchley to write Jaws several decades later. In another bizarre development in popular culture, this was the year that a circus elephant was hanged in Erwin, Tennessee for killing her handler, Walter Eldridge. In sports news, golfer Jim Barnes won the first PGA Championship.

Discover how the world looked like in 1916

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
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The Queen of Spades

The Queen of Spades

Directed by: Yakov Protazanov

Starring: Tamara Duvan, Ivan Mozzhukhin, Vera Orlova, Nikolai Panov

Country: United States of America

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

20,000 Leagues Under the Sea

Directed by: Stuart Paton

Starring: Allen Holubar, Dan Hanlon, Edna Pendleton, Curtis Benton

Country: United States of America

Judex

Judex

Directed by: Louis Feuillade

Starring: René Cresté, Musidora, René Poyen, Édouard Mathé

Country: United States of America

Flirting with Fate

Flirting with Fate

Directed by: Christy Cabanne

Starring: Douglas Fairbanks, Jewel Carmen, Howard Gaye, W.E. Lawrence

Country: United States of America

Joan the Woman

Joan the Woman

Directed by: Cecil B. DeMille

Starring: Geraldine Farrar, Raymond Hatton, Hobart Bosworth, Theodore Roberts

Country: United States of America

vinyl songs

Music charts

Which were the top hits of 1916?


Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1916 in the USA ?

history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1916?


Events

  • 05 Jan Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro.
  • 07 Jan German troops conquer Fort Vaux at Verdun.
  • 09 Jan World War I: The Battle of Gallipoli concludes with an Ottoman Empire victory when the last Allied forces are evacuated from the peninsula.
  • 10 Jan Russian offensive in Kaukasus.
  • 11 Jan French troops capture / Serbian army flees to Corfu
  • 12 Jan Britain proclaims Gilbert and Ellice Island colony in the Pacific.
  • 13 Jan WWI: The Battle of Wadi occurs between Allied British and Ottoman Empire forces, during the Mesopotamian campaign in modern-day Iraq.
  • 14 Jan Dutch South Sea dike cracks.
  • 17 Jan 1st PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Siwanoy Country Club - Bronxville, New York
  • 18 Jan In Baxter, Missouri, a falling meteorite dtrikes a building.
  • 24 Jan In Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad, the Supreme Court of the United States declares the federal income tax constitutional.
  • 25 Jan Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary.
  • 27 Jan Communist party "Spartacus Letters" first published in Berlin.
  • 28 Jan 1st Jewish Supreme Court Justice, Louis Brandeis, appointed by Wilson
  • 31 Jan Dutch Girl Guides form.
  • 03 Feb Tristan Tzar publishes Dada-manifest in Zurich Switzerland.
  • 05 Feb Enrico Caruso recorded "O Sole Mio" for the Victor Talking Machine Company.
  • 08 Feb French cruiser "Admiral Charner" torpedoed off Syrian coast, kills 374.
  • 09 Feb 6.00 p.m. ampndash Tristan Tzara quotfoundsquot the art movement Dadaism (according to Hans Arp).
  • 11 Feb Emma Goldman is arrested for lecturing on birth control.
  • 15 Feb New York Yankees buy Frank "Home Run" Baker from the Athletics for $37,500.
  • 16 Feb Russian troops conquer Erzurum Armenia.
  • 21 Feb Battle of Verdun (WWI) begins (one million casualties).
  • 23 Feb French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun.
  • 25 Feb German troops conquer Fort Douaumont near Verdun.
  • 26 Feb Mutual signs Charlie Chaplin to a film contract
  • 29 Feb Child labor: In South Carolina, the minimum working age for factory, mill, and mine workers is raised from twelve to fourteen years old.
  • 01 Mar Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic.
  • 08 Mar US invades Cuba for third time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime.
  • 09 Mar Germany declares war against Portugal.
  • 12 Mar French airship sinks British submarine D3.
  • 14 Mar Battle of Verdun: German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun.
  • 15 Mar Gen Pershing, 15,000 troops chasing Villa into Mexico, stays 10-mos
  • 16 Mar The 7th and 10th US cavalry regiments under John J. Pershing crossed the US-Mexico border to join the hunt for Pancho Villa.
  • 19 Mar Eight American planes take off in pursuit of Pancho Villa, the first United States air-combat mission in history.
  • 20 Mar Albert Einstein publishes his general theory of relativity.
  • 21 Mar JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 22 Mar The last Emperor of China, Yuan Shikai, abdicates the throne and the Republic of China is restored.
  • 25 Mar Jess Willard fights Frank Moran to no decision in 10 for boxing title
  • 26 Mar Birdman of Alcatraz receives solitary.
  • 30 Mar Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens (NHA) beat Portland Rosebuds (PCHA), 3 games to 2.
  • 31 Mar Dutch government ends all military engagements.
  • 02 Apr German troops overtake Bois de Caillette.
  • 04 Apr US Senate agrees (82-6) to participate in WWI.
  • 05 Apr French troops occupy Bois de Caillette.
  • 06 Apr German parliament authorizes unrestricted submarine warfare.
  • 08 Apr Norway approves active and passive female suffrage.
  • 09 Apr World War I: The Battle of Verdun : German forces launch their third offensive of the battle.
  • 19 Apr Italians troops conquer Colonel di Lana at Merano.
  • 20 Apr German-British sea battle off Belgian coast.
  • 22 Apr France battles at Fort Douaumont.
  • 24 Apr Easter rebellion of Irish against British occupation begins
  • 27 Apr WWI ampndash Battle of Hulluch: The 47th Brigade, 16th Irish Division is decimated in one of the most heavily concentrated German gas attacks of the war.
  • 29 Apr Easter Rebellion: Martial law in Ireland is lifted and the rebellion is officially over with the surrender of Irish nationalists to British authorities in Dublin.
  • 30 Apr Chicago Cubs play 1st game at Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) beat Reds
  • 02 May US President Wilson signs Harrison Drug Act.
  • 03 May The leaders of the Easter Rising are executed in Dublin.
  • 04 May At request of US, Germany curtails its submarine warfare.
  • 05 May US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924.
  • 06 May Belgian troop march into Kigali, German East-Africa.
  • 08 May German munitions bunker in Fort Douaumont explodes.
  • 09 May British-France Sykes-Picot meet over division of Turkey.
  • 10 May Disastrous fire in Ellendale North Dakota.
  • 12 May James Connolly was sat on a chair and shot dead in Kilmainham Gaol in Dublin, after his role in the Easter Uprising
  • 13 May Native American Day is 1st observed
  • 15 May Asiago Italy falls when Austrian troops attack the Italian front.
  • 16 May 41st Preakness: Linus McAtee aboard Damrosch wins in 1:54.8.
  • 17 May British Summer Time (Daylight Savings), first introduced.
  • 18 May US pilot Kiffin Rockwell shoots down German aircraft.
  • 20 May Saturday Evening Post cover features Norman Rockwell painting
  • 21 May Britain begins "Summer Time" (Daylight Savings Time).
  • 22 May French troops occupy parts of Fort Douaumont Verdun.
  • 23 May Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun.
  • 24 May US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker.
  • 27 May Groundbreaking begins on Hugh Grant Circle in the Bronx.
  • 29 May Official flag of President of US adopted.
  • 31 May British battle cruiser Invincible explodes, killing all but 6
  • 01 Jun German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun
  • 02 Jun German troops under Lt Rackow take Fort Vaux
  • 03 Jun National Defense Act establishes ROTC
  • 04 Jun Russian General Brusilov fails on his Eastern Front attack
  • 05 Jun Louis Brandeis is sworn in as a Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
  • 06 Jun Voters in East Cleveland approves women suffrage
  • 07 Jun Germany troop march into Fort Faux, Verdun
  • 10 Jun 48th Belmont: E Haynes aboard Friar Rock wins in 2:22
  • 12 Jun 30th US Womens Tennis: Molla B Mallory beats Louise Raymond (60 61)
  • 15 Jun Boys Scouts of America forms
  • 17 Jun 1st national Congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • 21 Jun Mexican troops beat US expeditionary force under General Pershing
  • 24 Jun Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to sign a million dollar contract.
  • 25 Jun Tsar Nicolaas II fires Minister of Foreign Affairs Sasonov
  • 26 Jun Cleveland Indians experiment with numbers on their jerseys (one game).
  • 29 Jun Boeing aircraft flies for first time.
  • 30 Jun 22nd US Golf Open: Chick Evans shoots a 286 at Minikahda Club, Minnesota
  • 01 Jul British court martial (Easter uprising)
  • 02 Jul Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism
  • 08 Jul July 16- Massive flooding caused by 2 different hurricanes devastates western North Carolina.
  • 11 Jul Congress passes Federal Aid Road Act
  • 14 Jul 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham SC (state record)
  • 15 Jul 22.22 (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass NC (state record)
  • 19 Jul World War I: Battle of Fromelles : British and Australian troops attack German trenches in a prelude to the Battle of the Somme.
  • 20 Jul Giants trade Christy Mathewson to Cin Reds
  • 22 Jul In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 and injuring 40.
  • 25 Jul Explosion at Lake Erie and Cleveland Waterworks.
  • 29 Jul Postal check and Girodienst establishes
  • 30 Jul German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on Black Tom Island, New Jersey.
  • 01 Aug Hawaii National Park established.
  • 02 Aug World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto.
  • 03 Aug World War I: Battle of Romani : Allied forces, under the command of Archibald Murray, defeat an attacking Ottoman army under the command of Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein, securing the Suez Canal and beginning the Ottoman retreat from the Sinai Peninsula.
  • 04 Aug Denmark cedes Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, to the US for $25 million
  • 07 Aug WWI: Portugal joins the Allies.
  • 09 Aug Lassen Volcanic National Park is established in California.
  • 10 Aug Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia
  • 17 Aug Bulgarian offensive in Macedonia
  • 21 Aug Peru declares neutrality
  • 23 Aug Military court of Berlin sentences Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
  • 25 Aug US Congress establishes the National Park Service as part of the Department of the Interior.
  • 26 Aug Yanks turn triple-play beating Browns 10-6
  • 27 Aug Romania declares war against Austria-Hungary, entering World War I as one of the Allied nations.
  • 28 Aug World War I: Germany declares war on Romania.
  • 29 Aug Transportship Hsin-Yu and cruiser Hai-Yung collide; 1000 die
  • 30 Aug Paul von Hindenburg becomes chief-of-General-Staff in Germany.
  • 01 Sep Bulgaria declares war on Romania
  • 02 Sep British pilot William Leefe-Robinson becomes the first to shoot down a German airship over Britain.
  • 04 Sep Christy Mathewson and Mordecai Brown final baseball game.
  • 05 Sep 36th US Mens Tennis: R N Williams III beats Johnston (46 64 06 62 64)
  • 07 Sep Federal employees win the right to Workers' compensation by Federal Employers Liability Act (39 Stat. 742; 5 U.S.C. 751)
  • 11 Sep German troops conquer Kavalla Greece
  • 13 Sep Mary, a circus elephant, is hanged in the town of Erwin, Tennessee for killing her handler, Walter quotRedquot Eldridge.
  • 14 Sep Christy Mathewson pitches and wins his final game.
  • 15 Sep World War I: Tanks are used for the first time in battle, at the Battle of the Somme.
  • 17 Sep 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right
  • 19 Sep 1st landing on Schiphol (Farman F-22 of Soesterberg)
  • 20 Sep Friedrik Johannes Hugo von Engelken becomes US Mint director.
  • 26 Sep Bishop speak against Catholics in trade unions
  • 27 Sep 1st Native American Day celebrated, honoring American Indians
  • 29 Sep John D. Rockefeller becomes the world's first known billionaire.
  • 02 Oct San Diego Zoo founded
  • 05 Oct Soldier Adolf Hitler is injured
  • 07 Oct Georgia Tech defeats Cumberland University 222-0 in the most lopsided college football game in American history.
  • 09 Oct Babe Ruth pitches and wins longest World Series game (14 innings) 2-1.
  • 10 Oct In Game 3, Charlie Ebbets becomes the 1st owner to raise the price of World Series grandstand seats to $5-up from $3
  • 12 Oct Boston Red Sox beat Brooklyn Dodgers, four games to one in 13th World Series.
  • 14 Oct Perm State University is founded in Russia.
  • 16 Oct Dodger manager Wilbert Robinson given $5,000 bonus
  • 17 Oct Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage
  • 21 Oct US Army forms Reserve Officers Training Corps
  • 24 Oct Moroccan troops capture Ft Douaumont
  • 26 Oct Margaret Sanger arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control).
  • 01 Nov Paul Miliukov delivers the famous quotstupidity or treasonquot speech in the Russian State Duma, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government.
  • 02 Nov Ft Vaux, Verdun, reconquered by France
  • 03 Nov Treaty establishes British suzerainty over Qatar.
  • 05 Nov Emperor Wilhelm II and French Jozef I establishes kingdom of Poland
  • 07 Nov Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolayevich warns Czar of uprising
  • 13 Nov British offensive at Ancre Belgium
  • 16 Nov I Berlin / V Herbert / H Blossoms musical premieres in New York City
  • 18 Nov Gen Douglas Haig finally calls off 1st Battle of the Somme in Europe
  • 19 Nov Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures.
  • 21 Nov World War I: A mine explodes and sinks HMHS Britannic in the Aegean Sea, killing 30 people.
  • 23 Nov WWI ampndash Eastern Front: Bucharest, the capital of Romania, is occupied by troops of the Central Powers.
  • 26 Nov Greece declares war on Germany
  • 28 Nov 1st (German) air attack on London
  • 29 Nov Erwin Rommel marries Lucie Lu Mollin
  • 30 Nov Costa Rica becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 02 Dec Baseballers who are injured now get full pay for duration of contract.
  • 06 Dec German army under General Mackensen occupies Bucharest.
  • 07 Dec David Lloyd George replaces resigning H H Asquith as British Prime Minister.
  • 11 Dec David Lloyd George forms British war government.
  • 12 Dec Worst train disaster ever (Modane France-543 killed)
  • 13 Dec Esme Stuart Lennox Robinsons premieres in Dublin.
  • 15 Dec French defeat Germans in WWI Battle of Verdun.
  • 17 Dec Grigori Rasputin is murdered.
  • 18 Dec World War I: The Battle of Verdun ends when German forces under Chief of Staff Erich Von Falkenhayn are defeated by the French and British, and suffer 337,000 casualties.
  • 19 Dec Suriname Bauxite Company forms in Paramaribo.
  • 22 Dec The British Sopwith Camel aircraft makes its maiden flight. It was designed to counter the German's Fokker aircraft.
  • 23 Dec World War I: Battle of Magdhaba : Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt's Sinai peninsula.
  • 30 Dec The last coronation in Hungary is performed for King Charles IV and Queen Zita.
  • 31 Dec Oxycodone, a narcotic painkiller closely related to codeine is first synthesized in Germany.