1912

The year 1912 was a leap year, and the ‘unsinkable’ Titanic sank in the Pacific after hitting an iceberg.

1912

This was also the year that the formation of the African National Congress by John Langalibalele Dube to call for improved rights of Black South Africans. The Nobel Prize for Literature went to Gerhart Hauptmann.

In probably the worst strike in the USA, close to 30,000 textile workers walked off from their jobs in Lawrence, Massachusetts. The strike started at the Everett Mill on January 11, spread to other mills. The Strike got ugly with shootings and stabbings; the striking families sent their children to Manhattan New York. The bread and roses strike lasted for a whole nine weeks and ended after an intervention from President Taft and the Congress.

Two days before Valentine's Day of 1912, the last emperor of China Hsian-T’ung abdicated after the Sun Yat-sen’s republican revolt. His abdication ended 267 years of Manchu rule and imperial rule, which lasted for 2,000 years. By the time of the revolution, the emperor was six years old, and he kept his residence in the Forbidden City in Beijing.

October 14 was the shooting of the Progressive’s presidential candidate of the USA, Theodore Roosevelt, on the chest, while greeting supporters. The perpetrator was a saloonkeeper, John Schrank with a .32-caliber bullet. A glasses case and a bundle of manuscripts in the breast pocket slowed down the bullet, and the 26th president of the USA escaped with minor injuries.

At the beginning of the year, the rotation of the Earth’s crust was the slowest ever recorded. Robert Falcon Scott, a British explorer and 4 companions arrived at the South Pole to find Amundsen beat them to it. Falcon and his team died on the return journey a few miles from a polar base.

Discover how the world looked like in 1912

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

Der Fremde

Der Fremde

Lumpacivagabundus

Lumpacivagabundus

Directed by: Géza von Bolváry

Însir'te margarite

Însir'te margarite

Directed by: Grigore Brezeanu, Aristide Demetriade

Starring: Aristide Demetriade, Ghita Bateria, Nicolae Soreanu, Zaharia Bârsan

A Ruined Life

A Ruined Life

Directed by: Victor Sjöström

Starring: Hilda Borgström, Einar Fröberg, Anna Norrie, Richard Lund

Country: United States of America

La fièvre de l'or

La fièvre de l'or

Directed by: René Leprince, Ferdinand Zecca

Starring: Stacia Napierkowska, Claude Garry, Louis Ravet, Henri Étiévant

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1912 in the USA ?

Top #10 male names
  1. John
  2. William
  3. James
  4. Robert
  5. Joseph
  6. George
  7. Charles
  8. Edward
  9. Frank
  10. Thomas
Top #10 female names
  1. Mary
  2. Helen
  3. Dorothy
  4. Margaret
  5. Ruth
  6. Mildred
  7. Anna
  8. Elizabeth
  9. Frances
  10. Marie
history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1912?


Events

  • 01 Jan The Republic of China is established.
  • 04 Jan The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
  • 05 Jan The Prague Party Conference takes place.
  • 06 Jan New Mexico is the 47th state admitted to the USA.
  • 09 Jan US marines invade Honduras.
  • 10 Jan Caillaux government in France resigns.
  • 12 Jan -47 degrees F (-44 degrees C), Washta Iowa (state record).
  • 13 Jan -40 degrees F (-40 degrees C), Oakland Maryland (state record).
  • 17 Jan Robert Scott expedition arrives at South Pole, 1 month after Amundsen
  • 18 Jan English explorer Robert F Scott and his expedition reach South Pole, only to discover that Roald Amundsen had gotten there before
  • 23 Jan The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
  • 29 Jan Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence Massachusetts.
  • 02 Feb Frederick R Law, parachutes from Statue of Liberty (stunt for Pathe).
  • 09 Feb US Tennis Association amends rule taking bye away from defending champion.
  • 12 Feb The Xuantong Emperor, the last Emperor of China, abdicates.
  • 14 Feb Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state
  • 16 Feb VSV soccer team forms in Ijmuiden.
  • 22 Feb J Vedrines makes first airplane flight over 100 mph-161.29 kph.
  • 24 Feb Italy makes a surprise attack on the Ottoman port of Beirut, when the cruiser ''Giuseppe Garibaldi'' and the gunboat ''Volturno'' bombard the harbour. The attack kills 97 sailors and civilians.
  • 26 Feb Coal miners strike in England (settle on March 1).
  • 27 Feb Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway.
  • 29 Feb Serbia and Bulgaria secretly sign a treaty of alliance for a term of eight years, with each pledging to come to the defense of the other during war.
  • 01 Mar Isabella Goodwin, first US woman detective, appointed, New York City, New York.
  • 05 Mar Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks northeast of Spain, 500 die.
  • 12 Mar Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th Steet New York City.
  • 13 Mar Stanley Cup: QuTbec Bulldogs sweep Moncton (New Brunswick) in two games.
  • 14 Mar King Vittorio Emanuel III of Rome injured during assassination attempt.
  • 15 Mar Pitcher Cy Young retires from baseball with 511 wins.
  • 16 Mar Mrs William Howard Taft plants first cherry tree in Washington DC.
  • 17 Mar Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs Luther Halsey Gulick.
  • 23 Mar Dixie Cup invented.
  • 27 Mar Mayor Yukio Ozaki of Tokyo gives 3,000 cherry trees to be planted in Washington, D.C., to symbolize the friendship between the two countries.
  • 29 Mar Captain Robert Scott, blizzard-bound in a tent 18 km from the South Pole, makes last entry in his diary "the end cannot be far".
  • 30 Mar Sultan Abdelhafid signs the Treaty of Fez, making Morocco a French protectorate.
  • 02 Apr Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power
  • 04 Apr Army fires on striking mine workers at Lena-gold fields Siberia.
  • 06 Apr Electric starter first appeared in cars.
  • 08 Apr Steamers collide in the Nile, drowning 200.
  • 09 Apr Titanic leaves Queenstown Ireland for New York.
  • 10 Apr RMS Titanic sets sail for its 1st and last voyage
  • 11 Apr Cornerstone of Technion in Haifa Palestine laid.
  • 13 Apr Royal Flying Corps forms (later RAF).
  • 14 Apr Pan American Union forms.
  • 15 Apr Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as band plays on
  • 16 Apr Harriet Quimby becomes the first woman to fly an airplane across the English Channel.
  • 17 Apr Russian troops open fire on striking goldfield workers in northeast Siberia, killing at least 150.
  • 18 Apr The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.
  • 19 Apr 16th Boston Marathon won by Mike Ryan of New York in 2:21:18.2.
  • 20 Apr Fenway Park officially opens, Boston Red Sox beat New York Highlanders 7-6 in 11.
  • 22 Apr Pravda, the ''voice'' of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, begins publication in Saint Petersburg.
  • 27 Apr Relief laws replaces those of 1854, in the Netherlands
  • 29 Apr 108 degrees F (42 degrees C), Tuguegarao, Philippines (Oceania record high).
  • 01 May Beverly Hills Hotel opens.
  • 04 May Italian mariners occupy Turkish Island of Rhodes.
  • 05 May 5th Olympic games open at Stockholm, Sweden
  • 07 May Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories The award is established by Joseph Pulitzer.
  • 08 May Paramount Pictures is founded.
  • 09 May American Numismatic Association receives federal charter.
  • 11 May 38th Kentucky Derby: Carol H Shilling aboard Worth wins in 2:09.4.
  • 13 May Royal Flying Corps is established in England.
  • 15 May Ty Cobb rushes a heckler at a New York Highlander game and is suspended.
  • 18 May Maurits Binger establishes two Dutch movie companies.
  • 23 May The Hamburg America Line's is launched in Hamburg and is the world's largest ship.
  • 30 May US Marines sent to Nicaragua.
  • 31 May US marines land on Cuba.
  • 01 Jun Stormvogels soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
  • 04 Jun Massachusetts becomes the first state of the United States to set a minimum wage.
  • 05 Jun US marines invade Cuba (3nd time).
  • 06 Jun The eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins. It is the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century.
  • 07 Jun US army tests first machine gun mounted on a plane.
  • 08 Jun Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures.
  • 13 Jun Captain Albert Berry made the 1st parachute jump from an airplane
  • 15 Jun 26th US Womens Tennis: Mary K Browne beats Eleonora Sears (64 62)
  • 19 Jun Tennessee University opened as Tennessee A&L State College
  • 20 Jun New York Giants Josh Devore steals four bases in an inning (second and third twice).
  • 26 Jun Gustav Mahlers 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna
  • 30 Jun The Regina Cyclone hits Regina, Saskatchewan, killing 28. It remains Canada's deadliest tornado event.
  • 04 Jul Jack Johnson TKOs Jim Flynn in 9 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 06 Jul 5th Olympic games in Stockholm opens
  • 08 Jul G E V Crutchley (Oxford) 99 retired measles vs. Cambridge
  • 10 Jul Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)
  • 12 Jul United States release of Sarah Bernhardt's film ''Les Amours de la reine Élisabeth'' is influential on the development of the movie feature. Adolf Zukor, who incorporates Paramount Pictures on May 8, 1914, launches his company as the distributor. Paramount celebrates its centennial in 2012.
  • 14 Jul Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8)
  • 15 Jul British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect.
  • 16 Jul Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patented by B.A. Fiske.
  • 17 Jul IAF (International Amateur Athletic Federation) forms in Sweden
  • 18 Jul Chicago Cubs get 21 hits but lose to Philadelphia Phillies in 11 innings
  • 19 Jul In Holbrook, Arizona, USA 14,000 meteorite stones fall; no injuries reported.
  • 22 Jul 5th Olympic games in Stockholm closes
  • 25 Jul Comoros proclaimed a French colonies
  • 30 Jul Emperor Meiji of Japan dies. He is succeeded by his son Yoshihito who becomes Emperor Taishō. In Japanese History, the event marks the end of the Meiji era and the beginning of the Taishō era.
  • 31 Jul RBC soccer team forms in Roosendaal
  • 02 Aug 18th US Golf Open: John McDermott shoots a 294 at Country Club - Buffalo, New York
  • 04 Aug United States occupation of Nicaragua: U.S. Marines land from the USS ''Annapolis'' in Nicaragua to support the conservative government at its request.
  • 06 Aug The Bull Moose Party meets at the Chicago Coliseum.
  • 07 Aug Progressive (Bull Moose) Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for president.
  • 12 Aug Sultan Abd Al-Hafid of Morocco abdicates.
  • 14 Aug 2,500 US marines invade Nicaragua; US remains until 1925.
  • 20 Aug Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect.
  • 21 Aug Mr Carter-Cotton chosen 1st chancellor of University of British Columbia
  • 22 Aug England defeat Australia to win the Triangular Tournament
  • 24 Aug US passes Anti-gag law, federal employees right to petition the government.
  • 25 Aug Different nationalities battle with each other in Macedonia
  • 26 Aug 32nd US Mens Tennis: M E McLoughlin beats W F Johnson (36 26 62 64 62)
  • 04 Sep 1st accident (collision) in Londoner Underground: 22 injured person
  • 06 Sep New York Giants Jeff Tesreau no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 3-0.
  • 07 Sep Eddie Collins steals record 6 bases in 9-7 Athletics win over Detroit
  • 09 Sep J Verdrines becomes first to fly over 100 mph (107 mph/172 kph).
  • 11 Sep Netherland Olympic Committee forms
  • 12 Sep Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
  • 15 Sep War between Turkey and Montenegro breaks out in Albania
  • 17 Sep Center fielder Casey Stengel breaks in with Brooklyn and hits 4 singles
  • 19 Sep Pius X encyclical Singular quadam, against interconfess unions
  • 22 Sep Eddie Collins repeats record of stealing 6 bases in a game (9 / 7 / 12)
  • 23 Sep Mark Sennet presents 1st Keystone Cops film (Cohen Collects a Debt)
  • 25 Sep Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York, New York.
  • 27 Sep W C Handy publishes Memphis Blues 1st Blues Song, 1912
  • 28 Sep SS Kichemaru disappears in storm off Japanese coast, 1,000 die
  • 29 Sep French / British troops lands on Samoa
  • 06 Oct Pirates Owen Chief Wilson hits record 36th triple of season
  • 07 Oct The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.
  • 08 Oct First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
  • 14 Oct Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee.
  • 16 Oct Boston beats New York Giants, 4 games to 3 with a tie in 9th World Series.
  • 17 Oct Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declare war on the Ottoman Empire, joining Montenegro in the First Balkan War.
  • 18 Oct Beginning of the first Balkan War.
  • 19 Oct Italy takes possession of Tripoli, Libya from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 20 Oct Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St, New York City
  • 21 Oct During the First Balkan War, Kardzhali is liberated by Bulgarian forces
  • 23 Oct First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo between the Serbian and Ottoman armies begins.
  • 24 Oct First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo concludes with the Serbian victory.
  • 26 Oct Woolwich Tunnel under Thames opens
  • 05 Nov Arizona, Kansas andWisconsin vote for female suffrage
  • 07 Nov The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven's Fidelio.
  • 12 Nov The frozen bodies of Robert Scott and his men are found on the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica.
  • 18 Nov Albania declares independence from Turkey.
  • 23 Nov Hamilton Alerts suspended by ORFU for refusing to field a full team in a replay of a protested game
  • 25 Nov Socialist International rejects that world war is coming
  • 27 Nov Spanish protectorate in Morocco established.
  • 28 Nov Albania declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire.
  • 30 Nov 4th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Alerts defeats Toronto Argonauts, 11-4
  • 03 Dec Gerrit Brinkman becomes first Dutch traffic officer.
  • 06 Dec China votes for universal human rights.
  • 07 Dec Bust of Queen Nefertete found in El-Amarna, Egypt.
  • 08 Dec Leaders of the German Empire hold an Imperial War Council to discuss the possibility that war might break out.
  • 16 Dec Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia.
  • 18 Dec The Piltdown Man, later discovered to be a hoax, is found in the Piltdown Gravel Pit, by Charles Dawson.
  • 19 Dec William H. Van Schaick, captain of the steamship General Slocum which caught fire and killed over 1,000 people, is pardoned by U.S. President William Howard Taft after three-and-a-half-years in Sing Sing prison.
  • 21 Dec Denmark, Norway and Sweden declare neutrality in Comende war
  • 23 Dec Aswan Dam in Nile begins operation.
  • 24 Dec Irving Fisher patents archiving system with index cards.
  • 28 Dec San Francisco Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary Street
  • 30 Dec The First Balkan War ends temporarily: Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League countries) sign an armistice with Turkey, ending the two-month-long war.