1913

In 1913, one year before the start of World War One, the militarization of Europe reached its fateful crescendo and the world population clocked in at just over 1.8 billion people. Woodrow Wilson took over as the President of the United States.

1913

Some notable firsts occurred for the United States Postal Service, automobiles, the US constitution, minimum wage, baseball snacks, and kitchen appliances. Both Harriet Tubman and Alfred Russel Wallace passed away this year.
In happier news, 1913 gave birth to President Nixon, the Country of Albania, President Ford, and football legend Vince Lombardi.

It was a different time for the media. In terms of popular culture, the most popular books were The Student of Prague and Fantomas: In the Shadow of the Guillotine. The silver screen saw Tarzan return in aptly named The Return of Tarzan and the first screening of O Pioneers.

While commonly seen as the kick-off to World War One, 1913 had a lot more to it than that. To begin with, the United States saw a lot of legal and constitutional changes. The ratification of the 16th amendment allowed for the creation of the first income tax. Later that year, the 17th amendment, which required direct election of senators, passed into law. In addition to the amendments, the state of Oregon passed the first minimum wage law, the US Postal Office made its first parcelpost deliveries, and Woodrow Wilson signed the Federal Reserve Act.
In other countries, including India, worldwide protests ensued against unfair governments; Gandhi featured heavily in some of these uprisings.

With the introduction of Picasso, Matisse, and Duchamp at the NY Armory Show, the United States received a boost in the arts. On February 15th, baseball snacks changed forever: Cracker Jack inserted its first prize into its boxes.

In terms of major inventions, this year had two: Igor Sikorsky’s first four-engine aircraft and the August 14thcreation of stainless steel. If you love your newly redesigned kitchen, or happen to love Tarzan, 1913 gave you something to smile about.

Discover how the world looked like in 1913

Movies

Which were the most popular Movies released in those months?
Watch popular movies, TV series and live events, start your 30-day free trial

Atlantis

Atlantis

Directed by: August Blom

Starring: Olaf Fønss, Ida Orloff, Ebba Thomsen, Carl Lauritzen

Country: United States of America

Traffic in Souls

Traffic in Souls

Directed by: George Loane Tucker

Starring: Jane Gail, Ethel Grandin, William H. Turner, Matt Moore

Country: United States of America

A Winter's Tale

A Winter's Tale

Directed by: Jane Howell

Claudine

Claudine

Directed by: John Berry

An American Citizen

An American Citizen

Directed by: J. Searle Dawley

Starring: John Barrymore, Evelyn Moore, Peter Lang, Hal Clarendon

Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1913 in the USA ?

Top #10 male names
  1. John
  2. William
  3. James
  4. Robert
  5. Joseph
  6. George
  7. Charles
  8. Edward
  9. Frank
  10. Thomas
Top #10 female names
  1. Mary
  2. Helen
  3. Dorothy
  4. Margaret
  5. Ruth
  6. Mildred
  7. Anna
  8. Elizabeth
  9. Frances
  10. Marie
history

Historical Events

Which were the important events of 1913?


Events

  • 01 Jan Post office begins parcel post deliveries.
  • 05 Jan First Balkan War: During the Naval Battle of Lemnos, Greek admiral Pavlos Kountouriotis forces the Turkish fleet to retreat to its base within the Dardanelles, from which it did not venture for the rest of the war.
  • 07 Jan William M Burton patents a process to "crack" petroleum.
  • 08 Jan Frank Chance becomes New York Yankees manager.
  • 11 Jan Bread and Roses Strike begins.
  • 13 Jan Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Incorporated is founded on the campus of Howard University as the second Black Greek Letter Organization for Women. The mission is to make a move towards social activism.
  • 16 Jan British House of Commons accepts Home-Rule for Ireland.
  • 17 Jan Raymond Poincare is elected President of France.
  • 18 Jan Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy.
  • 21 Jan Aristide Briand forms French government.
  • 23 Jan General election in Tasmania.
  • 24 Jan Franz Kafka stops working on "Amerika"; it will never be finished.
  • 26 Jan Jim Thorpe relinquishes his 1912 Olympic medals for being a pro.
  • 29 Jan Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates.
  • 30 Jan The United Kingdom's House of Lords rejects the Irish Home Rule Bill.
  • 02 Feb New York football Giants sign Jim Thorpe
  • 03 Feb 16th Amendment, federal income tax, ratified.
  • 04 Feb National Institute of Arts and Letters founded.
  • 05 Feb Greek military aviators, Michael Moutoussis and Aristeidis Moraitinis perform the first naval air mission in history, with a Farman MF.7 hydroplane.
  • 09 Feb A group of meteors is visible across much of the eastern seaboard of North and South America, leading astronomers to conclude the source had been a small, short-lived natural satellite of the Earth.
  • 10 Feb Edward Sheldons "Romance" premieres in New York City, New York.
  • 13 Feb Mexican Revolution: Begins the episode known as ''La Decena Trágica'', the rebellion of some military chiefs against the President Francisco I. Madero.
  • 16 Feb President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico.
  • 17 Feb New York Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public.
  • 18 Feb French painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" by Marcel DuChamp displayed at Armory Show in New York City, New York.
  • 19 Feb Mexican General V Huerta takes power with US support.
  • 20 Feb King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.
  • 21 Feb Ioannina is incorporated into the Greek state after the Balkan Wars.
  • 22 Feb Mexican Revolution: Assassination of President Francisco I. Madero and Vice President José María Pino Suárez. Is succeeded by General Victoriano Huerta.
  • 25 Feb 16th Amendment ratified, authorizing income tax.
  • 28 Feb 6.8-m, 4000-kg elephant seal killed, South Georgia (South Atlantic).
  • 01 Mar US Federal income tax takes effect (16th amendment).
  • 03 Mar Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington DC.
  • 04 Mar Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th President.
  • 05 Mar March 7 ampndash First Battle of Bud Dajo: American troops decisively defeat Moro rebels in the Philippines.
  • 07 Mar The British freighter ''Alum Chine'', carrying 343 tons of dynamite, explodes in Baltimore harbour.
  • 08 Mar Internal Revenue Service begins to levy and collect income taxes.
  • 10 Mar Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Sydney (NS) Millionaires in 2 games
  • 12 Mar Foundation stone of the Australian capitol in Canberra laid.
  • 13 Mar Kansas legislature approves censorship of motion pictures.
  • 14 Mar John D Rockefeller gives US$100 million to Rockefeller Foundation.
  • 15 Mar Cleveland establishes first small claims court.
  • 17 Mar The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.
  • 18 Mar King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.
  • 20 Mar Mexican Revolution: Venustiano Carranza announces his Plan of Guadalupe, and begins his rebellion against Victoriano Huerta's government as head of the ''Constitutionals''.
  • 21 Mar Over 360 are killed and 20,000 homes destroyed in the Great Dayton Flood in Dayton, Ohio.
  • 24 Mar Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway New York City.
  • 25 Mar Great Dayton Flood.
  • 26 Mar Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the first Balkan War.
  • 28 Mar Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 03 Apr British suffragette Emily Pankhurst sentenced to three years in jail.
  • 04 Apr The Greek aviator Emmanouil Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot victim of the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.
  • 08 Apr 17th amendment, requiring direct election of senators, ratified.
  • 10 Apr President Woodrow Wilson throws out first ball, Senators beat New York Yankees 2-1.
  • 14 Apr Belgium begins general strike for voting rights.
  • 19 Apr 17th Boston Marathon won by Fritz Carlson of Minnesota in 2:25:14.8.
  • 21 Apr Gideon Sundback of Sweden patents the zipper.
  • 22 Apr Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania.
  • 24 Apr The Woolworth Building skyscraper in New York City is opened.
  • 26 Apr Sun Yet San calls for revolt against President Yuan Shikai in China.
  • 29 Apr Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken patents all-purpose zipper.
  • 01 May Longacre Theater opens at 220 W 48th Steet New York City, New York.
  • 03 May Raja Harishchandra the first full-length Indian feature film is released, marking the beginning of the Indian film industry.
  • 06 May King Nikita I of Montenegro vacates Skoetari, North-Albania.
  • 09 May 17th amendment provides for election of senators by popular vote.
  • 10 May 39th Kentucky Derby: Roscoe Goose aboard Donerail wins in 2:04.8.
  • 12 May Harry Green runs world record marathon (2:38:16.2).
  • 13 May Igor Sikorsky becomes the first person to pilot a 4-engine aircraft.
  • 14 May French Hals museum opens in Harleem Netherlands.
  • 19 May Webb Alien Land-Holding Bill passes, forbidding Japanese from owning land in USA.
  • 20 May 38th Preakness: James Butwell aboard Buskin wins in 1:53.4.
  • 29 May Igor Stravinsky's ballet score The Rite of Spring receives its premiere performance in Paris, provoking a riot.
  • 30 May As managers who have won 1,000 games
  • 31 May Alexis Ahlgren runs world record maraton (2:36:06.6).
  • 01 Jun The Greek-Serbian Treaty of Alliance is signed, paving the way for the Second Balkan War.
  • 02 Jun Demonstrations for general voting right in Neth
  • 03 Jun Dutch 1st Chamber accepts Health laws
  • 05 Jun Dutch Disability laws go into effect
  • 06 Jun Rabbit Maranville, is thrown out trying to steal home three times.
  • 08 Jun The Deutsches Stadion in Berlin is dedicated with the release of 10,000 pigeons, in front of an audience of 60,000 people. It has been constructed especially for the 1916 Summer Olympics, which are cancelled as a result of World War I.
  • 13 Jun 45th Belmont: Roscoe Troxler aboard Prince Eugene wins in 2:18
  • 15 Jun The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippines ends.
  • 16 Jun South-African parliament forbids blacks owning land
  • 18 Jun The Arab Congress of 1913 opened, during which Arab nationalists met to discuss desired reforms under the Ottoman Empire.
  • 20 Jun Bert Daniels set AL mark, being hit-by-pitch 3 times in a doubleheader
  • 21 Jun Tiny Broadwick is 1st woman to parachute from an airplane
  • 23 Jun Second Balkan War: The Greeks defeat the Bulgarians in the Battle of Doiran.
  • 24 Jun 53rd British Golf Open: J H Taylor shoots a 304 at Hoylake Hoylake
  • 25 Jun Dutch Parliamentary election (confess party looses majority)
  • 29 Jun 2nd Balkan War begins-Bulgaria overthrows Greek / Serbian troops
  • 30 Jun New York Giants score 10 in 10th to beat Philadelphia Phillies 11-1.
  • 01 Jul Serbia and Greece declare war on Bulgaria
  • 03 Jul Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird known to have crossed the Atlantic)
  • 04 Jul 37th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: A F Wilding beats McLoughlin (86 63 10-8)
  • 05 Jul Queen Wilhelmina meets SDAP-leader Troelstra
  • 07 Jul British House of Commons accepts Home-Rule Law
  • 10 Jul Romania declares war on Bulgaria
  • 18 Jul After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk.
  • 20 Jul Turkish troop take Adrianopel and Erdine from Bulgaria
  • 23 Jul Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot Palestine
  • 25 Jul Carl Weilman strikes out six times in a 15 inning game.
  • 27 Jul Belgian Philippe Thys wins Tour de France
  • 28 Jul 12th Davis Cup: USA beats British Isles in Wimbledon (3-2)
  • 29 Jul Albania becomes sovereignty under Prince Wilhelm von Wied
  • 30 Jul Conclusion of the second Balkan War.
  • 31 Jul The Balkan States signs an armistice at Bucharest.
  • 03 Aug A major labour dispute, known as the Wheatland Hop Riot, starts in Wheatland, California.
  • 04 Aug In China, the province of Chungking declares independence Chinese Republican forces crush the rebellion in a couple of weeks.
  • 08 Aug Richard Corfields Camel Corps opens Mad Mullah in Burao Somalia
  • 10 Aug 2nd Balkan War ends, Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria loses
  • 13 Aug Otto Witte, an acrobat, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.
  • 16 Aug Tohoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tohoku University) admits its first female students.
  • 20 Aug Piotr Nesterow 1st flight (Kiev Ukraine)
  • 22 Aug Robert Martineau, Bishop of Blackburn
  • 23 Aug The statue of ''The Little Mermaid'' is unveiled in Copenhagen.
  • 26 Aug 33rd US Mens Tennis: M E McLoughlin beats R N Williams (64 57 63 61)
  • 28 Aug Queen Wilhelmina opens the Peace Palace in The Hague.
  • 29 Aug Pieter Cort Van de Linden forms Dutch government
  • 31 Aug Soccer club PSV forms in Eindhoven Netherlands
  • 01 Sep George Bernard Shaws Androcles & the Lion, premieres in London
  • 02 Sep Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
  • 06 Sep 19th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Jerry Travers
  • 09 Sep Association for Study of Negro Life and History organizes in Chicago.
  • 10 Sep 1st US paved coast-to-coast highway, the Lincoln Highway, opens
  • 14 Sep 27th US Womens Tennis: Mary K Browne beats Dorothy Green (62 75)
  • 16 Sep 1000s of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage
  • 17 Sep In Chicago, the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith is founded, with Sigmund Livingston as its first president.
  • 20 Sep 19th US Golf Open: Francis Ouimet shoots a 304 at The Country Club, Massachusetts
  • 21 Sep Turkey and Bulgaria sign peace treaty in Constantinople
  • 22 Sep Coal mine explosion kills 263 at Dawson New Mexico.
  • 23 Sep Roland Garros is 1st to fly over Mediterranean Sea
  • 29 Sep Sam S Shubert Theater opens at 225 W 44th St, New York City
  • 01 Oct Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa's troops take Torreón after a 3-day battle, when government troops retreat.
  • 03 Oct Federal Income Tax signed into law (at 1%).
  • 04 Oct Brooklyn Dodger Jake Daubert earns a new Chalmers auto as NL MVP
  • 07 Oct Henry Ford institutes moving assembly line
  • 09 Oct Steamship SS Volturno catches fire in the mid-Atlantic.
  • 10 Oct British passenger ship Volturno catches fire in Atlantic (136 kill)
  • 11 Oct Philadelphia Athletics beat New York Giants, four games to one in 10th World Series.
  • 13 Oct Explosion and fire in Universal Coal Mine, South Wales
  • 14 Oct Explosion in coal mine at Cardiff kills 439
  • 15 Oct Train crash in Liverpool during Black Week
  • 16 Oct Booth Theater opens at 222 W 44th St, New York City
  • 18 Oct Austrian-Hungary demands that Serbia and Albania leave
  • 19 Oct The DLRG (German Life-Saving Society) is founded.
  • 22 Oct Explosion at Dawson NM coal mine kills 263 mine workers
  • 24 Oct Joe Tinker fired as Cin Reds manager
  • 26 Oct Huerta elected President of Mexico
  • 27 Oct President Wilson says US will never attack another country
  • 31 Oct Dedication of the Lincoln Highway, the first automobile road across United States.
  • 01 Nov Notre Dame upsets Army 35-13, first to use forward pass effectively.
  • 02 Nov St. Louis Browns mgr George Stovall is 1st to jump to Federal League
  • 03 Nov The United States introduces an income tax.
  • 06 Nov Mohandas Gandhi is arrested while leading a march of Indian miners in South Africa.
  • 07 Nov 11 ampndash The Great Lakes Storm of 1913 kills more than 250.
  • 09 Nov The Great Lakes Storm of 1913, the most destructive natural disaster ever to hit the lakes, destroys 19 ships and kills more than 250 people.
  • 13 Nov 1st modern elastic brassiere patented by Mary Phelps Jacob
  • 18 Nov Lincoln Deachey performs first airplane loop-the-loop (San Diego).
  • 26 Nov Russian kingdom forbids Polish congregation of speakers
  • 29 Nov 5th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Tigers defeats Toronto Parkdale, 44-2
  • 01 Dec Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford (car every 2 38).
  • 02 Dec Archdiocese of Managua created.
  • 08 Dec Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco.
  • 09 Dec Heavyweight Jack Johnson-Jim Johnson fight to no decision in Paris.
  • 10 Dec Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel Prize for physics.
  • 12 Dec Mona Lisa, stolen from Louvre Museum in 1911, recovered
  • 13 Dec Mona Lisa stolen in August 1911 returned to Louvre
  • 14 Dec Greece formally takes possession of Crete.
  • 15 Dec Nicaragua becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires Convention.
  • 16 Dec Charlie Chaplin begins his film career at Keystone for $150 a week.
  • 19 Dec Jack Johnson fights Jim Johnson to a draw in 10 for hw boxing title.
  • 21 Dec 1st crossword puzzle (with 32 clues) printed in New York World
  • 23 Dec President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law
  • 24 Dec In the Italian Hall Disaster, seventy-three men, women, and children are trampled to death when someone falsely yells quotfirequot at a crowded Christmas party.
  • 30 Dec Barnes takes 17 wickets versus South Africa (8-56 and 9-103).