Explore what happened in1938

1938

1938 saw a world on the edge of war once again. World War II was to begin in 1939, so it is no surprise that most of the major events of 1938 involve events that led up to that war.

1938

In February, Adolf Hitler abolished the old German War Ministry and established the High Command of the Armed Forces in its stead. This allowed him to take direct control of the German military. Hitler continued to move quickly. Just the following month, German troops occupied Austria and annexation was officially declared. Austria was now officially a part of Hitler’s Third Reich. Also in March, Hitler’s counterpart in Italy, Benito Mussolini also took greater control of his country’s military. Mussolini was declared First Marshal of the Empire, on equal footing with Italy’s King Victor Emmanuel III, who had not yet abdicated his throne.

Tensions were very high in 1938 between Germany and Czechoslovakia over the Sudetenland, a region of Czechoslovakia that held a high concentration of ethnic Germans. Hitler wanted the territory to be ceded to Germany, using the poor surrender terms of World War I to justify Germany’s claim to the territory. The Sudetenland had been part of Austria until the end of the First World War. After coming to the brink of war, the Sudetenland was ceded to Germany at the Munich Agreement. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain headed the negotiations, and at the conclusion of the talks he tragically and ironically declared “Peace for our time.”

Significant steps were also taken this year toward the Nazi Holocaust. In October, Jewish passports were invalidated in Germany. Those Jews who needed a passport for the purposes of emigration were given passports with the letter “J” (“Jude” or “Jew”) marked on them. On November 9, the infamous Kristallnacht occurred, during which Nazi activists looted and burned thousands of Jewish businesses and places of worship.

Discover how Virginia, USA looked like in 1938

Old Newspapers

Old Newspapers

Have a look at the old newspapers from 1938 and get them!

Movies

Which were the most popular movies released this year ?

Tarzan's Revenge

Directed by: D. Ross Lederman

Starring: Glenn Morris, Eleanor Holm, George Barbier

Country: United States

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The Dybbuk

Directed by: Michal Waszynski

Starring: Abraham Morewski, Ajzyk Samberg, Mojzesz Lipman

Country: United States

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The Girl Was Young

Directed by: Alfred Hitchcock

Starring: Nova Pilbeam, Derrick De Marney, Percy Marmont

Country: United States

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Bringing Up Baby

Directed by: Howard Hawks

Starring: Katharine Hepburn, Cary Grant, Charles Ruggles

Country: United States

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Books

Which were the most popular books released in 1938 ?

The Yearling

By: Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings

No novel better epitomizes the love between a child and a pet than The Yearling. Young Jody adopts an orphaned fawn he calls Flag and makes it a part of his family and his best friend.

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The Citadel

By: A. J. Cronin

This thrilling novel of a doctor's life has been the subject of a Mobil Masterpiece Theatre dramatic series on PBS. "Cronin's distinguished achievement. . . .

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My Son, My Son!

By: Howard Spring

6th printing. Little wear to boards. Content lightly toned with foxing to endpapers. DJ has chips to edges and toning.

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Rebecca

By: Daphne du Maurier

With these words, the reader is ushered into an isolated gray stone mansion on the windswept Cornish coast, as the second Mrs. Maxim de Winter recalls the chilling events that transpired as she began her new life as the young ...

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Popular names

Which were the top popular names given to babies born in 1938 in the USA ?

Top #10 male names
  1. Robert
  2. James
  3. John
  4. William
  5. Richard
  6. Charles
  7. Donald
  8. David
  9. Thomas
  10. Ronald
Top #10 female names
  1. Mary
  2. Barbara
  3. Patricia
  4. Betty
  5. Shirley
  6. Carol
  7. Nancy
  8. Dorothy
  9. Margaret
  10. Joan

What happened in each day of 1938

Click on the dates below to find out what the world looked like in each day of 1938

JanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilMayJune
01 Jan 1938 01 Feb 1938 01 Mar 1938 01 Apr 1938 01 May 1938 01 Jun 1938
02 Jan 1938 02 Feb 1938 02 Mar 1938 02 Apr 1938 02 May 1938 02 Jun 1938
03 Jan 1938 03 Feb 1938 03 Mar 1938 03 Apr 1938 03 May 1938 03 Jun 1938
04 Jan 1938 04 Feb 1938 04 Mar 1938 04 Apr 1938 04 May 1938 04 Jun 1938
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31 Jan 1938 31 Mar 1938 31 May 1938
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01 Jul 1938 01 Aug 1938 01 Sep 1938 01 Oct 1938
02 Jul 1938 02 Aug 1938 02 Sep 1938 02 Oct 1938
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30 Nov 1938 30 Dec 1938
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Qué pasó cada día del 1938

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01 Ene 1938 01 Feb 1938 01 Mar 1938 01 Abr 1938 01 May 1938 01 Jun 1938
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31 Ene 1938 31 Mar 1938 31 May 1938
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01 Jul 1938 01 Ago 1938 01 Sep 1938 01 Oct 1938
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Tell the world why 1938 is such a special year for you!